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3 1833 02483 9828 

Gc 977.201 F85r pt.l 
Reifel, August J. 
History of Franklin County, 



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With Biographical Sketches of Representative Citizens anJ 
Genealogical Records of Old Families 


j 1915 

j , B. F. BOWEN & COMPANY. Inc. 

j , ' Indianapolis, Indiana 


! ' 
i sfq4 







To the dear, departed ones, whose busy hands changed the giant for- 
ests into fertile fields; whose love i)f home established the hearthstones, the 
tender ties of which yet bind together the heartstrings of the nati\e born; 
whose patriotism gave the best of their lives and =ubs:ance for the defense of 
their country; whose graves make sacred the soil their feet so ofren trod. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 


The history of Franklin county extends over more than a hundred 
years, and this makch the ta^k of the historian difficult, in view of the fact 
that the complete records of the county were not available f(jr examination. 
• It is impossible to write history without records, and the absence of the 
early records of Franklin ccnmty necessarily left a gap which had to be filled 
from traditional accounts. However, the county is fortunate in having a file 
of newspapers running back fur nearly eighty years, and these proved to be 
of inestimable value to the historian in getting first-hand information. In 
addition to the ul'ticial records and newspai)ers, frequent Ube was made of 
scrap books containing much valuable data. These three sources — records, 
newspapers and scrap books — ha\e been supplemented with numerous inter- 
views with various people of the county, and the editor is under obligation to 
scores of persons hi all parts of the countv who have volunteered information 
on a wide variety of subjects. 

Undoubtedly, the most important source of inlorniauon outside of the 
records and newspapers was to be found in the scrap books and miscellaneous 
data furnished by JMiss Jennie Miller, of Brookville. Her brother, James -\I. 

/- Miller, was an indefatigable collector of data covering all phases of Franklin 

;f, county' history and at his death had the best collection of local historical 
data in the county. ^Ir. Miller was an invalid from his boyhood, yet, despite 

'^i his inability to get around, he amassed a wonderful amount of material 
touching the history of the county. Among other persons who tendered their 
private collections of historical data, should be mentioned Miss Lucinda 

■^ Meeks, Mrs. S. S. Harrell, Mrs. W. H. Bracken, Harry ?\I. Stoops. Mrs. 

^ Martha Goodwin, Michael Jacobs, Dr. J. E. Morton. George S. Golden, John 
C. Shirk, T. L. Dickerson, T. B. Thackrey, I. M. Bridgeman and ^1. H. 
c^- Irwin. Rev. Andrew Schaaf, pastor of St. Michael's church of Broolc\-ille, 
gathered all of the data on the Catholic churches of the county for the his- 
tory and rendered valuable assistance in all matters pertaining to history of 

.1 Catholic affairs in the county. 

The Brookville Historical Society was enthusiastic in its support of the 
history from the beginning, and the editor feels under a debt of gratitude for 



its help. The variou.s officials in the court house extended every courtesy in 
the preparation oi the history and helped to cjather all the data from the 
records in their charjje. A number of contributed articles, as g;:\en in the 
history, are credited to those preparinjj them. Finally, tiianks arc due a large 
number of ])eople who funn'shed data in response to letters wjn'ch were .sent 
out by those in charge of the writing of the history. Whatever merit this 
history may possess is largely due to the kindly assistance of tlnjse people of 
the com.munity who are proud of their county's history and liave a sincere 
desire to see it preserved. 

Can any thinking person be insensible to the fascination of the study 
which discloses the aspirations and efforts of the early pioneers who so strongly 
laid the foundation upon which has been reared the magnificent prosperity 
of later daysl^ To perpetuate the story of these people and to trace and 
record the social. p(jlitical and industrial progress of the communitv from its 
first inception is the function of the local historian. A sincere purpose to 
preserve facts and personal memoirs that are deserving of i)erpetuaiion. and 
which unite the present to the past, is the motive for the presen: puijlicatiori. 
A specially valuable and interesting department is that one de\-oted to the 
sketches of representative citizens of these counties whose records deser\e 
preservation because of their worth, effort and accomplishment. The pub- 
h'shers desire to extend their thanks to the gentlemen who have so faithfully 
labored to this end. 

In placing the "History of Franklin County, Indiana, "" before the cit- 
izens, the publishers can conscientiously claim that they have carried out the 
plan as outlined in the prospectus. Every biographical sketch in the work 
has been submitted to the party interested, for correction, and therefore any 
error of fact, if there be any, is solely due to the person for whom the sketch 
v/as prepared. Confident that our effort to please will fully meet the appro- 
bation of the public, we are, 





First White Men in Northwest Territory — English and French Claims — 
Three Successive Sovereii^ii Fla^s Over Present Indiana Territory — Pa.-;>in(j 
of the Indians — Battle of Fallen Timbers — Northwest Territory — Early Set- 
tlements — Activities of the Traders — French and Indian War — Por/.ir.c's 
Conspiracy — Northwest Territory and Quebec Act — Revolutionary Period 
— Georpe Rogers Clark and His Campaign — First Surveys snd Early Set- 
tlers — Ordinance of 1787 — First Stage of Government under the Ordinance 
' — Second Stage — Organization of the Northwest Territory — Representative 

*: Stage of Government — First Counties Organized — First Territorial Legis- 

I lature of Northwest Territory — Division of 1800 — Census of Northwest Ter- 

\ ritory in 1800 — Settlements in Indiana Territory in 180O — First Stacre of Ter- 

\ ritcrial Government — Changes in Boundary Lines of Irdisna — Second 

I Stage of Territorial Government — The Legislative Council — The First Gcn- 

t eral Assemblies — Congressional Delegates of Indiana Territory — Efiforts to 

! Establish Slavery in Indiana — The Indian Lands — Organization of Counties 

f — Changes in the Constitution of Indiana — Capitals of Northwest Terri*^ory 

J and Indiana — Military History of State — Political History — Governors of 

» Indiana — A Century of Growth — Natural Resources. 


t Report of State Geologist — Prefatory — Farm Statistics — Standing Timber 

I — Physiography and Geology — Soils — Their Areas — Miami Silt Loam — 

t Limestone Slope Clay Loam — Huntington Loam. — Hamburg Loam — Ancient 

[ Earthworks — Blue Limestone Region — Drift Deposit — Bowlders — Terraces 

\ — Mineral Springs — Precious Metals — Salt in the County — Building Ma- 



Organization of First Counties in Indiana — Purchases of Indian Lands — 
I • Twelve-Mile Purchase — Legislative Act Establishing Franklin County — The 

I County Seat — Change of County Territorial Limits — Population of Decades 

1 — The First Year of Statehood — Election of 1816 — Court Procedure Lender 

Constitution of 1816 — First Circuit Court — First Grand Jury — A Quartet of 
Pugilistic Lawyers — First Board of Commissioners — First Townships De- 
fined — Constitutional Conventions of 1816 and 1850 — Land Entries of Frank- 
I lin County in the Ohio Survey — Tax Duplicate of 1811. 


' The Knight Tavern — Court-House Trustees — Second Court House — Buiid- 

i . ing Specifications — Stray Pen — Destruction of Court House by Fire — Court 

House of 1852 — Remodeling of same into the Present Building — ^Jail History 

I — County Office Buildings.' 




Absence of Early Records — Date of Organization of Tov\nships — Brook- 
villc Township — Natural Features — Pioneer Settlement — Some Pioneer 
Families — Towns and Villages — Ur.ion (W'hitoonilj; — Buncombe — Hutler'-> 
Run — Woodville — Yung — Township Oftlcers — Bath Township — Natural Fea- 
tures — Land Entries — First and Important Event.-; — Villages — Colter's Cor- 
ner — Bath — Mixersvillc — Posey Township — Organization and Boundaries — 
Physical Features — Land Entries — Saw-MilU — First Events — Villages — 
Andersonville — Bulltown — Buena Vista — Township Officers — White Water 
Township — Boundaries — Natural Features — Settlement — Tf<wn-hip < )t!iccrs 
— An Old Land-mark — New Trenton — Milling Interests — Butler Township 
— Pioneer Settlement — Interesting Events — Towns and Villages — Haymond 
— Jennings — Oak Forest — Franklin — New Vernon — Township Officers — 
Blooming Grove Township — Boundaries — Stream?. Soil. Etc — Pir)neer Set- 
tlement — Blooming Grove Village — Springtield Township — Natural features 
— Settlement — Events of Interest — Mt. Carmcl — Highland Township — Boun- 
dary — Settlement — Cedar Grove — South Gate — St. Peters — Higiiland Center 
— Klemme's Corner — Fairfield Township — Boundary — Natur-il Ftatr.res — 
Settlement — Cliaractcr oi the Pioneers — Fiist and Important Events — Fair- 
field Village — Ray Township — Natural Features — Settlement — Huntersvilie 
St. Bernard — Hamburg — Enochburg — Oldenburg — Township Oliicers — Salt 
Creek Township — Boundaries — f-and Entries and Pion>?eT-s — Reminiscences 
— Slip's Hill — Laurel Township — Boundaries — Natur^tl Features — L?.nd 
Entries and First Settlers — Indian Aggression — Laurel — Metamora Town- 
ship — Natural Features — Settlement — Town of Metamo'-a — Former Town- 
ships of Franklin Tov.-nship. 


Situation— First Land Entries — Plats — Beginnings — Early Market Quota- 
tions — Early Business Men — The Brookville Land Ofitice- A Critical Period 
— Early Milling Operations — Paper-making Industry — Other Industries — 
Telephone Lines — Municipal Incorporation — Town Officers — Fire Depart- 
meT)t — Water Works — Postofnce — Commercial Club — Public Library — Ceme- 
teries — Centennial Celebration — McKinley Memorial Services — Floods 
of 1898 and 1913— Insurance. 


Changes in Court Practice — First County Court — Commissioners Court — 
Board of Justices — First Common Pleas Court — First Circuit Court — Law- 
yers of Franklin County. 


Auditors— Treasurers — Clerks of the Court — Sheriffs- Recorders — County 
Commissioners — Coroners — Surveyors — Miscellaneous Officers — Pound 
Keepers — Inspector of Flour. Beef and Pork — Collector of County and State 
Revenue — Listers and County Assessors — Judges of the Circuit Court — Prose- 
cuting Attorneys. 


Transportation, a Djfficult Early Problem— Rough Character of the Land 
— Floods— Cost of Road Maintenance — River Transportation- White Water 

' ! i . : ■ ') 


Canal — Blue Creek Canal — Bridges and Locks — Reminiscences of Josiah 
McCafferty — Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad — Big Four Railroad — Proposed 
BrookvJUe & Richmond Canal. 


First Agricultural Society in Franklin County— Fairs at Brookville — Frank- 
lin County Soil — Live Stock — Horticulture — Absessor's Return, 1913 — 
Farmers' Institutes. 


i Incompleteness of Records — List of Physicians, Past and Present, Who 

! Have Practiced in the County — Present — Dentists. 


f Uneasiness of Pioneers on Account of Indians — William McClurc's .Vcccunt 

I of Early Troubles — Killing of Bill Killbuck — Revolutionary Soldiers of 

I Franklin County — Soldiers of the War of 1812 — The Militia Period — Muster 

; Day — The Mexican War — The Franklin Guards — The Civil War — Lincoln's 

I First Call for Volunteers — Brief Record of Regiments in Which Franklin 

I Men Served — Some Civil-War Statistics — The Draft, by Townships — Relief 

\ and Bounties — Home Guards — Morgan's Raid — Grand A.nny of the Re- 

I public — Soldiers' Monument — Spanish-American and Philippine Wars. 


! Territorial Banks — Brookville Branch or the State Bank — ''Wildcat" Cur- 

I rency — The Brookville Bank. Brookville National Bank and National Brook- 

|. ville Bank — Franklin County National Bank — People's Trust Company — 

I Farmers and Merchants Bank — The Laurel Ean'K — Farmers Bank of Mcta- 

1 mora. 


I Overseers of the Poor, 1811-1816— 1816-1834— Legislative Pr ..visions of 1844 

I Relative to Care of the Poor — Authorization of Poor .Asylums — County and 

I Tovvnship Relief Statistics — Franklin. Fayette and Union Joint Asylum — 

I Poor Farm Superintendents — Children's Home — Board of Children's Guar- 



Free and Accepted Masons — Independent Order of Odd Fellows — Knights 
I of Pythias — Improved Order of Red Men — Fraternal Order of Eagles — 

Modern Woodmen of America. 


- Julia Dumont Society — Married Women's Social Club — The N Y Club — 

I Brookville Study Club — Mothers' Club — Needlecraft Club — Domestic Science 

Club — Physical Culture Class — Women's F"ranchise League — The Saturday 
Club — Brookville Indiana Historical Society — Anthropological Club — Ladies' 
1 Social Club of Whitcomb — Scotus Gaul Picti — Brookville Society of Natural 

History — Academy of Music. 


I Early Subscription Schools — Description of Pioneer School House — John 

: Collins, Teacher — Nimrod Kerrick — Franklin County .Academies — The 

Franklin County Semirfary — Brookville High School — Brookville College — 

J i< , ;. 


Peoria y\cadeiiiy — Laurel Academy — SpriiiLrfield Acadeniy — Early Schools of 
Brookvillc — Graduates of Brookville Hi^'h School — Teachers of Brookville 
— Schools of Franklin County — ('"ranklin County Teachers' Institute. 


First Religious Societies in the County — A List of Churchei of the County 
— Church Statistics — Methodism in the County — Methodist Protestant 
Churches — German Mcthodist.s — Baptist Churches — Presbyterian Churches 
— The Christian Church — Lutheran Church — E\ang^elical Protestant Luth- 
eran Church — United Brethren — The Universalist Church — Moravian Mis- 
sionaries — Catholic Churches and Au.xiliary Societies — Convent of the Im- 
maculate Conception — Academy of the Immaculate Conception. 


Incomplete Files a Handicap in Writing Local History — The First Papers 
and Those Which Have Served the People During the Subsequent Years — 
The Monthly Visitor — Sporadic Sheets of Brookville — Newspapers at Laurel 
— Anderson ville — Oldenburg. 


An Instructive and Interesting Contribution by Joseph F. Honecker on the 
Birds of the Countj' — Birds as Man's Allies — Slaughter of the Innocents — 
Universality of Bird Life — Egg Peculiarities — Building the Home — T!:3 
Periodic E.xodus — Contents of Bird Stomachs — Franklin County's Feathered 


Towns and Villages — Some Defunct Towns — Baltimore, a Pape*- Town — 
Slavery in Franklin County — The Franklin County Oil Fever — A Duello in 
Brookville — The story of Samuel Fields — Prices Then and Now — Early 
Mills of FVanklin County — Indian Stories — Reminiscences by Mrs. Bracken 
— Incidents Concerning Amos Butler — L'nique Private Museum — Poetical 
Advertising — Franklin County First Events — An Early Insurance Company. 



Men Prominent in Politics and Public Life — Judges of the Supreme Bench 
Military Men — J. Ottis Adams — The Shirk Family — Educators — Marie 
Louisa Chitwood — Elizabeth Conwell Smith Willson — Ida Husted Harper — 
Other Prominent Women. 



Academies 375 

Academy of Immaculate ronception, 477 

Academy of Music 369 

Act Establishing County 78 

Adams. J. Otu's 557 

Advertising, Poetical 551 

Agriculture 264 

Ancient Earthworks 70 

Andersonville 126. 451, 495. .529 

Anthropoloprical Club 364- 

Area of Soils 64 

Art Club 354 

Assessor's Return, 1913, 267 

Assessors, County 243 

Auditors, County 238 


Baltimore 532 

Banks 323 

Baptist Churches 435 

Bar of Franklin County 236 

Bath 120, 121. 529 

Bath Township — 

Assessor's Returns 267 

Churches 440, 446 

Draft of 1862 309 

First Events 118 

Land Entries 117 

Mills 119 

Naming of 117 

Natural Features 117 

Officers 120 

Population 120 

Schools 119 

Battle of Fallen Timbers 34.41 

Benevolent Institutions 61, 329 

Birds of Franklin County 497 

Block Houses _ 173, 276 

Blooming Grove .. 140, 428 

Bloomin^^ Grove Township — 

Area 1 138 

Assessor's Returns 267 

Chiirclies 433 

Location 138 

Natural Features 139 

Officers, First 139 

Officers, Present 142 

Organization 139 

Settlement 139 

Blue Creek Canal 249 

Blue Limestone 72 

Board of Justices 233 

Bowlders 7i 

Boundaries, Oriijinal, of County 78 

Boundary Changes. Indiana 47 

Bracken, Mrs.. Reminiscences of 547 

Brookvilie — 

Assessor's Returns, 1913 268 

Banks, 323 

Business Men. Early 196 

Canal Interests 200, 248 

Cemeteries 225 

Centennial Celebration 227 

Churches 419, 434, 443, 449, 453, 462 

Cigar Factories 212 

Clubs 352 

Colleges 381 

Commercial Club 223 

Critical Period 199 

Distilleries 205 

Early Business Interests 194 

Fair 265 

Farmers Insurance Co. 230 

Fire Department 218 

Floods 227 

Furniture Company 208 

High School Graduates 404 

Incorporation 214 

Land Entries 193 

Land Office 198 


Brookville — 
I ihrary 224 

TJghtins System 21() 

Location ^93 

Lodges 33R 

Mills 201 

Municipal Affairs 214 

Name 193 

Newspapers 482 

Officers 216 

Paper-making 206 

Physicians 269 

Planing Mills ■_ 209 

Platting of 193. 529 

Postoffice 222 

School Teachers 406 

Schools 375. 393 

Settlers, Early 195 

Surveys 194 

Telephone Lines 212 

" Water Works 218 

Brookville College 381 

Brookville High School 380 

Brookville Indiana Historical So- 
ciety 362 

Brookville Study Club 355 

Brookville Township — 

Assessor's Returns 267 

Boundaries 111 

Churches 468 

Land Entries 113 

Natural Features 112 

Officers 115 

Organization of 111 

Pioneers 114 

Settlement 113 

Streams 112 

Buena Vista 173. 452, 529 

Building Materials 75 

Bulltown 126 

Buncombe 529 

Butler, Amos 547 

Butler Township — 

Area 133 

Assessor's Return-^ 267 

Boundaries 133 

Churches 431, 4^7 

Interesting Events 136 

Draft of 1862 308 

Natural Features , 134 

Butler Township — 

Mills 136 

Officers 138 

Population 137 

Settlement 134 

Butler's Run 529 


California Fever ISO 

Canals 248 

Capitals of Northv/cst Territory 

and of Indiana 54 

Capitol Building, State 54 

Carolina Settlement 157 

Catholic Churches 462 

Catholic Knights of America 474 

Cacholic Order of Foresters 479 

Cedar Grove — 

Assessor's Returns 2^8 

Business Interests 153 

Canal Interests 153 

Churches 152, 477 

Incorporation lo3 

Physicians 269 

Platting 152 

Postmasters l^JJ 

Cemeteries 225 

Census of Northwest Territory 44 

Census Statistics 81 

Century of Growth. A 59 

Ceylon 529 

Changes in State Constitution 52 

Children's Home 334 

Chitwood, Marie Louisa 559 

Christian Churches 448 

Churches of Franklin County 413 

Circuit Court. First S2. 235 

Circuit Judges 244 

Civil War, Franklin County in 292 

Civil \\'ar, Indiana in the 55 

Civil War Statistics 307 

Clark. Gen. George Rogers i7 

Clerks of the Court 238 

Collector of County and State Rev- 
enue 243 

Collins. John, Teacher 372 

Colter's Corner 120. 42h 

Commissioners, County, First 83 

Commissioners' Court 233 



Common Pleas Court 232, 234 

Congressional Delegates. Territorial 49 

Connersville 529 

Connersvillo Township 110, 191 

Constitution, State, ChanH;es in--52, 84 

Constitutional Conventions 52, 84 

Convent of Immaculate Conception. 475 

Conventions, Constitutional 52, 84 

Coroners 242 

Corydon, the State Capitol 54 

Cost of Roads 246 

Counties in 1799 43 

Counties, Organization of 51 

County Assessors — 

County Auditors 238 

County Commissioners 239 

County Commissioners, First 83 

County Military History 275 

County Office Buildings 108 

County Officials 238 

County Recorders 239 

County Seat 79 

County Treasurers 238 

Court House History 102 

Courts of Franklin County 232 

Court Procedure, Changes in 82 


Darlington 529 

Daughters of Rebekah 344 

Defunct Towns 531 

Delegates to Congress, Territorial 49 

Dentists 273 

Description of Soils 64 

Distilleries 182, 205 

Division of 1800 44 

Doctors 269 

Domestic Science Club 357 

Draft of 1862 308 

Drewersburg 133 

Drift Deposit 11 

Duello in BrookviUe, A 537 

Dunlapsville 530 


Eagles, Fraternal Order of 351 

Early Fairs 264 

Early Territorial Settlers , 39 

Earthworks, Ancient 70 

Eastern Star, Order of the 341 

Edinburg 530 

Educational History of Cfiunty 

119. 151.' 159, 370 

Educational System of Indiana 61 

Election of 1816 

English Claims to Territory 34 

Enochburg 167, 530 

Evangelical Protestant Lutherans 453 

Explorations, First 33 

Fairfield — 

Business Interests 

Churches 440, 448. 

Doctors 162, 


Platted 161. 

Fairfield Township — 


.Assessor's Return.^ 


Carolina Settlement 

Events of Interest 

Land Entries 

Pioneers, Character of 


Fairs, Early 

Famous Pef^ple of the County 

Fallen Timbers, Battle of 34, 

Farmers' Institutes 

Ferona • 

Fields, Samuel 

First Agricultural Society 

First Circuit Court 

First County Court 

First Court House 

First Events in Franklin County 

First Grand Jury 

First Schools 

First Settler in County 

First Territorial Legislature 43, 

First Territorial Surveys 

First White Men in Territory 

Former Townships of the County 


Franklin County Academies 

Franklin County, Organization of 

Franklin County Seminary 











i'.J ',1 


Franklin Guards --^ 288 

Fraternal Order of Eagles 351 

Fraternal Societies 338 

Free and Accepted Masons 338, 342 

French and Indian War 35 

French Claims tn Territory 34 

French Settlements 34 


Geology ^3 

German Methodist Church 434 

Glacial Drifts 64 

Government, Territorial 40 

Governors of Indiana ^8 

Governors of Northwest Territory- 42 

Grand Army of tlie Republic 315 

Grand Juiy, First 82 

Greensburg 530 

Hamburg — 

Church 471 

Platting 173, 530 

Postmaster 167 

Hamburg Loam 70 

Harper, Ida Hustcd 567 

Harrison. Gen. William Henry 55 

Haymond 137 

Highland Center 155 

Highland Township — 

Assessor's Returns 267 

Boundaries 147 

Churches 470 

Draft of 1862 308 

Land Entries ISO 

Location 147 

Officers 151 

Settlement 148 

Highways 245 

Historical Society 362 

Home Guards 312 

Horticulture 266 

Huntersville 166, 454, 530 

Huntington Loam 69 


Improved Order of Red Men 348 

Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 343 

Indian, A Humane 545 

Indian AKgression 179 

Indian Lands 50 

Indiana I'urchase Land '/ 

Indian Stories 544 

Indian Struggles 33. 41 

Indiana — 

Boundaries, Changes in 47 

Capitals of 54 

Educational System 'j1 

Governors of 57 

In the Civil War 55 

III the Spanisli-.^nurican War — 56 

In the War with Mexico 55 

Natural Resources of 60 

I'olitical History 57 

Population Statistic^ ~9 

Territory, Organization of 4^1 

Indianapolis, the State Capital 54 

Inspector of Flour. Beef and Pork, 243 

Insurance Company. An Early 554 

Internal Impros cr.unls. State :' 


Jail History 107 

Jennings 137 

John, J. P. D. 558 

Judges of Circuit Courc 244 

Julia Dumont Society 352 


Kcrrick, Nimrod, Teacher 374 

Killbuck, Bill. Killing of 277 

Klemme's Corner 155 

Knights of Columbus 466 

Knights of Pythias 346 

Knights of St. John 475 

Knights of the Golden Circle 56 


Land Entries 113. 117. 124. 128. 134 

140. 150. 157, 165, 172. 177 

Land Entries of Ohio Survey 85 

Land Purchased from Indiana 77 

Laurel — 

.\cademy 389 

Assessor's Returns 268 

Bank 32S 


Laurel — 

Business Interests '82 

Churches 1«3. 427. 450. 481 

Distilleries -'^^ 

Fires 1« 

Incorporations '^"^ 

Mills '^^ 

Newspapers ^■'^ 

Officers '^•^ 

Physicians "^ 

PlattinK l^A 530 

Postoffice ' ^^"^ 

Schools ^^^ 

Laurel Township — 

Assessor's Returns -'j^ 

Boundaries ^^_ 

First Business Interests I'9 

Indians ^''^ 

Officers 1^'^ 

Land Entries '''^ 

Natural Features ^^z 

Organization of -r ^^^ 



Settlement ^'^ 

Lawyers of Franklin County -36 

Lebanon ^30 

Lee, Abraham '" 

Legislative Council "^'^ 

Legislature, First Territorial 43. 4,S 

Liberty Township ^0, 191 

Limestone Slope Clay Loam 68 




Literary Clubs 

Live Stock ^66 




Married Women's Social Club 

Masonic Order 338, 

McCafTerty, Josiah, Reminiscences. 
Metamora — 


Business Interests 

Churches '^-^• 



Platting of 189. 




Metamora Township- 
Area '*^' 

Assessor's Returns 267 

Established '*"' 

Settlement ^^^ 

Streams ^^^ 

Methodist Kpiscopa! Churches 418 

Methodist Protestant Churclies 433 

Mexican War. Franklin County in. 2}<7 

Miami Silt Loam - ^^ 

Military History of County 275 

Military H.istory. State 55 

Militia Period 2k2 

Mills. 119. 123. 1.36. 145. UO 

181, 189. K'l. 543 

Mineral Springs '"* 

Mixcrsville '21. ^30 

Modern Woodmen iji .\nierica 3-1 

Moravian Missionarits 4''ii 

Morgan's Rai<l 36, 313 

Mothers' Cluli 355 

Mound Builders 71 

Mt. Auburn 530 

Mt. Cannel — 

Academy 39- 

.Assessor's Returns 267 

Churches 146. 429. 447, ^Jj 

Lodges l-'5 

Name 1"^' 



Physicians -_^ 



Mount, David 

Mt. Pisgah [-^^ 

Museum, I'nique Private ^49 

Muster Day 28d 





Natural Resources of Indiana.-- 

Needlecraft Club 

New Trenton — 

Business Interests 13- 



First Events "^^^ 

Old Landmark 13- 

Physicians -"'' 



Postmasters 131 




New VVasliin:4ton ^^^ 

Newspapers of Franklin c:ounty.-- 4H2 

Northwest Territory -^ 

Northwest Territory, Capital;, oL- 54 

Northwest Territory Divided 44 

Northwest Territnry, Organization 

of 42 

N Y Club 3d4 


Oak Forest ^3" 

Odd Fellows ^"^^ 

Office Building's, County 1^8 

Oil Fever 536 

Oldenburg — 

Academy of Tnimaculate C(Mici.'p- 

tion y^ 

Assessor's Returns -^'^ 

Bank ^^^ 

Business Interests ^'^'^ 


Convent of Tnimaculate Concep- 
tion ■*"-' 

Incorporation 1^^^ 

Insurance Company 1"^ 

Officers ^'^'^ 

Physicians _ 

Postmasters ^'^ 

Ordinance of 1787 39. 47 

Organization of Counties 51 

Organization of Franklin County-- // 
Organization of Indiana Territory, 46 

Organization of Northwest Ty 42 

Original Boundaries of County 78 

Ornithology of Franklin County— 497 


Palestine ^^^ 

Paper Making 182. 206 

Paper Town, A 53- 

People Who Have Become Famous. 555 

Peoria 147, 389 

Peoria Academy ^^^ 

Peppcrtown 1^2, 455. 530 

Physical Culture Class 3.v 

Physicians of the County 269 

Physiography of County 64 

Pioneers, Character of 1'"'9 

Pioneer School House 371 

Plats. Town and Village 529 

Poetical Advertising Sal 

Pontiac's Conspiracy ^6 

Poor. Care of ^29 

Poor larm Superintendents 334 

Population of County by Decades— 81 

Population of County. Farly W 

Population ot Indiana ''^ 

Population of Northwest Territory. 44 
Posey Township — 

Area '-- 

Assessor's Returns 267 

Boundaries ' — 

Churches ^33 

First Events 1-^ 

Land Entries 12^* 

Mills ^-5 

Naming ot ' — 

Officers ^^ 

Organization '-^ 

Physical Feature^ l-'^ 

Schools ■^-•' 

Settlement I'-'* 

Pound Keepers .243 

Precious Metals ^4 

Presbyterian Churches 443 

Present Court House lt>' 

Present Physicians ' 273 

Press, the ^- 

Prices, Comparative ^■*- 

Proposed Canal 2-^8 

Prosecuting Attorneys -^ 

Pugilistic Lawyers ^3 

Pythian Sisters 348 


Quebec Act 36 


Railroads -■'' 

Ray Township — 

Assessor's Returns 26/ 

Boundaries 1"^ 

Church 479 

Draft of 1S02 308 

Location 1^ 

Natural Features 164 


. .9 


Ray Township — 

Officers l^*^ 

Population '^ 

Settlement ^'^ 

Raymond ^^' 

Rebekah, Daughters of 344 

Recorders, County -39 

Red Men, Improved Order of 34S 

Related State llistory 33 

Relief and Bounties 310 

Reminiscences of Josiah McCaff- 

erty -^_ 

Reminiscences of Mrs. Bracken.-- 547 

Revolutionary Period 30 

Revolutionary Soldiers -"9 

River Transportation -47 

Roads, Cost of 246 

Rochester •^31 

Royal Arch Masons 341 


Sabina 531 

St. Bernard 166. 531 

St. Clair's Defeat 34, 41 

St. Peter's 153, 531 

Salt Creek Township — 

Assessor's Returns 267 

Churches "^33 

Land Entries 172 

Location 171 

Natural Features 1~1 

Organization 171 

Pioneers 172 

Salt in Franklin County 75, 129 

S.itnrd.iy Club 359 

Sclipnl House, Pioneer 371 

School Statistics 411 

Schools, History of the 370 

Scipio 531 

Scotus Gaul Picti 365 

Second Court House 102 

Secret Societies 338 

Settlement at Vincennes 38 

Settlement, Early 113, 124, 128, 134 

139, 143, 148, 165, 177, 187 

Stftler, First in County 63 

Settlers, Early Territorial 39 

SlieritTs , 239 

Shirk Family , 558 

Sidcli«hts on Franklin County His- 

Slavery in Indiana 50, 

Social Orj^anizations 

Society of Natural History 


Soils, Description of 

Soldiers' Monument 

Somerset 1'9, 

Somerset Township 

South Gate 153. 

Spanish-.\merican War. Franklin 

County in 

Spanish-American War, Indiana in, 

Springfield Academy 

Springfield Township — 

Assessor's Returns 


Draft of 1862 

Events of Interest 







State Benevolent institutions 

State House, the 

State Geologist's Report 

State History 

State Internal Improvements 

State Military History 

State Political History 

Statehood, First Year of 


Stips' Hill 172. 

Stoops, David 

Stories of Indians 

Streams 112. 124. 128. 134. 

143, 156, 160, 

Surveyors, County 

Surveys, First Territorial 




















Tax Duplicate of 1811 97 

Taxpayers of 1811 97 

Telephone Lines -1- 

Terraces '3 

Territorial Congressional Delegates, 49 


Territorial Government 40 

Territorial Governors 42 

Territorial I-ei^islature, First 43, 4H 

Territorial Surveys, First 39 

Timber . 64 

Tippecanoe, Battle of 34 

Town Plats 529 

Towns and Villaf^es 529 

Transportation 245 

Treasurers, County 23S 

Twelve-mile Purchase 77 


Union 115, 531 

United Brethren Churches 455 

Unique Private Museum 549 

Universalist Church 459 


Valuations, Assessed, 1895 208 

Village Plats 529 

Vincennes, Capture of 37 

Vincennes, Oldest Settlement at 2S 

Vincennes, the State Capital 54 

War of 1812, Soldiers of 281 

War Relief and Bounties 310 

War with Mexico, Indiana in 55 

Ward 173 

Wayne, Gen. Anthony 41 

Wesley M. E. Chapel 430 

West Fork M. E. Church 425 

West Union 531 

Whitcomb 115. 365. 425 

White Men, First in Indiana 33 

White Water Canal 248 

White Water Township — 

Assessor's Returns 267 

Boundaries 127 

Churches 44<J 447. 456 

Draft of 1862 308 

English .Settlements 129 

Land Entries 128 

Milling Interests 133 

Natural Features 128 

Officers 1.30 

Organization of 127, 130 

Salt 129 

Settlement 128 

Willson, Elizabeth Conwe!! .Smith. 563 

Women's F"ranchise League 353 

Yung 115 



Abbott, Clarence W. 1205 

Abbott, Jolin E. ^74 

Adams, John Ottis 584 

Ailes, Aaron G. 1185 

Allen, Elipbalet 824 

Alley, Thomas W. f'74 

Amberger, Charles l^'l 

Anspach, William 1312 

Applegate, Elizabeth 720 

Applegate. John A /"SO 

Appleton, Ferry 120^3 

Appleton, Thomas 1^09 

Appleton, William W. 1326 

Apsley, Henry 803 

Ariens, Andrew : ^^(^ 

Ariens, Charles F. 975 

Armstrong. Dr. Monroe C 976 

Ashley, William E. 1022 

Ashton, Samuel H. 1046 


Baither. Gus C. 678 

Baker, Frank J. (i35 

Baker, William M. 1008 

Barber, Dayton D. 1323 

Barber, George M. 1192 

Barber, Lewis 1206 

Barber, Simeon 1254 

Barber, William H. 1330 

Bates, John 1384 

Beckman, John '>^> 

Beckman, John H. 815 

Beckman, William 1122 

Bedel, Andrew 1209 

Belter, Frank D. 1219 

Beneker, Henry 1207 

Berg. Elmer - 1398 

Berg, Philip 1095 

Biddinger, Albert L. 1305 

Biere, William H. 1433 

Bishop, John H. 588 

BleiU, Joseph -^^l 

Bohlander, Charles C. lOiO 

Bonwell, William IL 978 

Bossert, Abraham 1'32 

Bossert, Jacob 1125 

Bossert, Jacob H. 8'>6 

Bossert, William 1106 

Brack, Christian 1417 

Brack, Conrad 1376 

Brack, Lewis 1311 

Bracken, William H. S''>9 

Bradburn. Plea-anc H. ^"2 

Brady, George H. 1272 

Brady. Orah 771 

Brandes, Anthony 124<) 

Brauchla. Charles S. 1-^21 

Brickner, John 1389 

Bridgman, Isaac ^L -'3 

Brockman, Henry '243 

Brown, Lewis J. -''9 

Brown, Theodore H. ''>^- 

Bruns, Frank W. 9«2 

Brnns, Henry 9/- 

Buckler. Thomas G. '-^91 

Buckley, James 1336 

Butler, Amos W. 1290 

Cam. Robert J. 945 

Carter. Dr. Calvin 597 

Chance, Abrara Xokes 9s/ 

Chance, James 962 

Clark. Albert B. 942 

Clever, Rev. Charles A. 1050 

Coffey, Bort 1251 

Cole, William A. 1257 

Connelly, Thomas H^-'-^ 

Cook. John H. 1120 


Cooksey, Albert J. 660 

Cory, Clement A. 1168 

Coweii, John L. 992 

Craig-. John A. 1088 

Crawford, Joiin inQl 

Crist. Harry E. 697 

Croddy, Joseph X. 1180 

Cummins. John B. 1461 

Cupp. Millard F.. M. D. 960 

Curry. James T. 831 

Curry, Milton 723 



Dare, James — 592 

Dare, William A. 792 

Davis. Samnel A. 812 

Day. Capt. \\'illiam T.. 61S 

De.Armond, E\an J. 749 

Dennett, Francis 645 

Dennett, (jcorge E. 633 

Dennett, Jolin 1328 

Dickerson. Thcnphilus L. 1424 

Dickson. George 1140 

Dickson. William E. 1212 

Dieckmann, William H. 1349 

Dierkhuessiuu, John J. 1463 

Dirkhisins. Ren A. 1059 

Doerflcin, Joiui. Sr. 922 

Dubois, Edwin 752 

Dubois. Oscar S. 800 

Dudley, Joseph A. 985 


Eldon. Gill)ert G. 921 

Eldon, John 906 

Eldon, William 1454 

Ehvell, Josiah 763 

Emsweller, Elmer 1473 

Enneking, John E. 8S0 

Ensminger, William E. 735 

Erhart, Alphonse 1002 

Etter, Peter 1362 

Etter. Peter, Jr. 1237 

Evans, Andrew J. 900 

Evans, Charles 1179 


Federmann, Louis 623 

FerkinghofF. Theodore , 1175 

Fernun;?. ffenry 1304 

Ferris. J<jhn 648 

Fey, Albert 1195 

Flack. William F. 947 

Fliehmann, John 1435 

Fiinn. Frank P. 1270 

FlodJer. Frank J. 1210 

Fohl, John 923 

Frank. Henry 868 

Fries. Charles J. 711 

Fries, Joseph A. 864 

Fries, Nicholas 1097 

Fries, William A. 700 

Fritz, Jacob 572 

Fritz. Mrs. Jacob 1012 

Fruits. Jonathan 970 

Fussner. John. Jr. 328 


Cant. George W. 702 

Gant, Hester E. 926 

Gant. Ro'.lin L.. D. V. .S 709 

Garner. Clement \V. 131S 

Gehring. John B. l.^.V 

Geiling. Peter 1()17 

Geis. Frank, Sr. 742 

Geis. Frank J. 628 

Geis, William J. 1001 

George. William A. 1302 

Gesell. Christian S48 

Geseli. Henry L. 1065 

Giesting. Joseph 1236 

Gifte:;, Elmer 1274 

Gigrich, Adam 1397 

Gillespie, David W. 1418 

Gillman, Jacob 1216 

Gire, John C. 1262 

Glaser, Edward M.. M. D 1072 

Glaser, John F. 1000 

Gloshen, George W. 690 

Golden, George S 1152 

Golden, Harry U. 1264 

Golden, John 1152 

Goodwin, Charles F. 1024 

Gordon, Judscn C. 725 

Gordon, William X. 600 

Goyert, Albert 715 

Green. Orviile G. S52 

Grimme, Henry W. 668 

■1 . it; 


Gurr, Herman ^194 

Gurr, John R. ^042 


Haas, Frederick ^^^ 

Haas, Fredolin l^f'-H 

Haas. Herbert ^^^^ 

Hackman, August J. J244 

Haining, James '^^^'J 

Hamilton, Jetliro M. 736 

Hammond. William P. 677 

Handle, Joseph 594 

Hanna. Joseph A. 1178 

Hanna. Robert L.. D. V. S. W6 

Hanna. Sarah Ann 1408 

Hannebaum. Charles O. 1-^58 

Hannebaum, John H. 11^3 

Hansel, Frank '^'''^ 

Harbinc, Daniel B. 794 

Harder, Francis R. — ^^0 

Harley, James C. -1173 

Harrell, Samuel S. — - ^^^ 

Hartman. John A. 829 

Hartmann. Qeorge W 12_3 

Harvey, Joseph J. 1314 

Haselwander, Henry 1410 

Hathaway. Furman W. 6^1 

Hawkins. Charles W. 117' 

Hawkins. David 1171 

Head. Richard L. 14-6 

Heap, Edwin 608 

Heard. Frank 930 

Heard. Peter T. 951 

Heeh, Klmer E. 853 

Hfch. Henry E. 804 

Hceb. Henry G. 858 

Herbert. Joseph 1390 

llimclick. Grant 832 

Himelick. John W. 770 

Hinds. Harvey E. 949 

Hinds. Lewis 949 

Hirsch. Mrs. Catherine 1051 

Hirt. Jacob 1355 

Ilicchner. George H. 765 

Hite, Joseph 1189 

Hittc'l. Peter 1352 

HolTman. J. E. 1316 

Hoffman. William W. 1061 

Hofniann, John C. 86/ 

Hokey, John 968 

Holbert, George 1108 

Hollowell, Clem ^^'^ 

HoHowell, Henderson 1'>'9 

Holtel, George 1342 

Honecker. John C. 1425 

Honecker, Joseph F. 631 

Hopper, Isaac 1079 

Hornung, Frank L. 11^8 

Howard. Gilbert T. 1457 

Huber, Frank P. 1404 

Huermann. John C. 125<) 

Hunsinger, George W. 13<)8 

Hyde, G. Wallace 621 

Hynes, Thomas 1035 

Irrgang, Charles W. 1442 


Tackson. James E. 1374 

Jackson. W. W. 13'38 

James, John J. ^43 

Jaques, Harvey S. '4''4 

Johnson. Charles W. 1010 

Jonas, Louis A. -^ 

Jones, Charles F. 1419 

Jones. Charles T. 758 

Jones. Harry C. 616 

Jones, William 680 


Kajer, William S. 1246 

Kaser, Albert H. 1098 

Keeler, Noah 685 

Kellerman, Joseph 1363 

Kellerman, Peter S. 1357 

Kern, Mrs. Emma J. 141^ 

Kerr. Richard H. 1137 

Kerrick, Nimrod 374. 569 

Kessing. Bernard J. 139- 

Kimble. John H. 933 

Klemme. Herman J. 1263 

Klingworth. Herman 1214 

Knapp. William 1294 

Knecht. Joseph F. 143/ 

Kocher. Frank 9/4 

Koeppel, John 964 


Koerncr, TTeiiry 1.320 

Koenier, Howaril G 1320 

Koestcr, Harry 1222 

Kokenge, John 1113 

Kraus, Georpe W. 1379 

Kremp, Michac-l HQ5 

Kuehn, Francis 871 

Kuchn, William 761 

Kuhn, Michael 1029 

Kunkel, Jacob X83 

Kunkel. John , 1117 

Kuntz, Frank Ci92 

Laage. Henry 855 

Lacy, Mrs. Sarah L. 941 

Lampe, Martin 1217 

Lanning, George R. 1449 

Lee, Rollie 1275 

Leising. Bernard. Jr. 1234 

Lennard, Henry R. 614 

Liming, William E. 1067 

Lines. Fielding E. 882 

Lockwood. Frank 1187 

Lockwood, Jasper 740 

Logan, Albert N. 694 

Logan. Burt 1335 

Logan, James E. 1325 

Logan, Thomas 1466 

Logan, William J. 1331 

Loper, Allison 754 

Lucas, Dr. John W. 599 

Luck. John 936 

Ludwig. Albert C. 1043 

Luse, Edwin S. 1284 


McCammon, Philander T 1134 

McCarty, Thomas J. 637 

McClure, George W. 1232 

McClure, H. Frank 693 

McConnell, Charles N. 1416 

McKee, Clifford B. 915 

McNutt, William H. 1391 

McWhorter, Charles E. 908 

McWhorter, Tyler 1047 


Manley, Harry 605 

Marcum, Charles M. 1226 

Marlin, William W. 1196 

Martin, John S. 877 

Martindalc. ElUworth 609 

Masters, Frank S. 658 

Masters. Jacob H. 1056 

Masters, Levi K. 826 

Mathews, Charles 681 

Mathews, John 1372 

Meid, George 1256 

Mergentha!, Charles A. 833 

Mergenthal, Wiliiam 901 

Merrcll, Aliord 1298 

Merrell, Paul 1447 

Merrill, Frat-cii E. ~f^?~ 

Mcsserschmidt, Joiin J. 1407 

Metcalf. flenry C. 1253 

Metzger. William 1448 

Metzkr. John G. 1049 

Meyer, John A. 1370 

Meyer, Lewis J. 1100 

Middendorf. Bernard X. 1239 

Miles, James F. 1261 

Miles. Joseph C. 954 

Minneman. David P. 1176 

Mische!. Charles 1444 

Moeller. John I". 1198 

Moore. Clifford B. 1271 

Moore, Theodore A. 989 

Moormann, Frank B. 1347 

Morgan, Atwell 126*1 

Morgan, Joseph 843 

Morin, Albert C. 1145 

Morin, John C. 596 

Morton, Dr. John E. 738 

Moster, Frank 683 

Muir, William 904 

Muller, Herman R. 1053 

Mullin. George E. 1333 

Munchel, Adam J. 1109 

Myers, Arthur E. 779 

Myers, Harry R. 791 


Nesbitt, John 963 

Xeukam, John George 8-S8 


Njerstheimcr, John C. 

Nutty, John B. 

Nyce, Richard 

. 998 



Oesterling, John G. 1^"^ 

O'Hair, John ^^^ 

Osborn, William H. 1260 

Osburn, William R ^72 

Otto, William 


Patterson, Evan L., M. D. 1104 

Pax, CTCorge '-^/^ 

Peine, Albert J. '^^J' 

Pengemann, John 1-^-^ 

Petersen. V\'illiam 11. H"^ 

Pettigrew, Winfiehl S. 10S7 

Petty, Edward M. ^93 

Pfaff, Adam 


Pflum, .^dam ^}\'^_ 

Phelan, Matthew 


Pike, Hiram ^"^ 

Pippin, William W. ^14 

Pistner, John 1^66 

Poppe. William H. 798 

Popper, T. A. 603 

Portteus, Theodore ^■*^' 

Prifogle, V\^illiam H. 1^04 

Procter, Nathan ^^5 

Pulskamp, George F. ^0 

Quick, Edgar R. 



Raver, Frank J. 1228 

Redmond, James O. 870 

Reiboldt, Charles H. 719 

Reiboldt, John J. 612 

Reiboldt, John P. 721 

Reidenbach, John 138- 

Reifel, August J. 636 

Reifel, Charles G. 630 

Reister, John ^84 

Renyer, .Anthony 786 

Ricke, Benedict 1^00 

Riedman Brothers _. .— 70/^ 

Kipbergcr. John 1|^/ 

Rippcrgcr, Anthony J. 111" 

Rippergci. George A. H^fi 

Ripperger, Jacob ll'_- 

Ritze, George F. 6o3 

Roberts. George B. 686 

Roberts, L. D. ^^ 

Robeson, 'jcoige L. -^^ 

Robeson. Thomas H. '^'^ 

Kockafellar, .\rtimr 11 1438 

Rodgers, Samuel M. H*^** 

Rocmer, John ^^6 

Ronan, Charles E. 1"^>3 



Rose, Isaac 

Rose, Samuel B. 

Rosenberger, Frank A. '*^- 

R.jser, Gustave A 1074 

Ross, Andrew J. 


Rossfeld, John H. 1-*'_2 

Rossfeld. Michael ^-=> 

Roth. William '''*- 

Rudicil, Edward C. 1036 

Russell, Clinton II. 1063 

Russell, Francis M. 137'_ 

Rusterholz, Charles "^30 

Sagel, George H. 1213 

Salmon, Thomas 1346 

Samuels, Gilbert X. H^ 

Sanders, Wesley 10/1 

Sauter, Fred J. 1^60 

Sayers, Charles E. 810 

Sayers, Harvey H. "83 

Schaf, Joseph C. 12^7 

Schaf, Peter 624 

Schebler, George M. 1360 

Schenkel, John E. ^81 

Schenkel, William 1-^-9 


Schiesz, Louis 

Schmidt. Henry 1364 


Schmidt, Leo 

Schneider, Ferdinand 886 

Schneider, John J. l^'O 

Schone, Louis G. 


Schrader, Diedrich H. 1149 

Schuck, Frank E. ^83 

Schuck, Jacob J. 862 


Schuck, Joseph 11.^0 

Schuck, Theodore B. 865 

Schultz, David 918 

Schultz, Perry O. 766 

Schultze, Ehner A. 727 

Schuni, John A 789 

Schwegmann, Charles W. 587 

Scott. Edward 1166 

Seal, Sylvester M. 756 

Seal, William H. 910 

Seibel, Michael 1403 

Selm, Pius C. 965 

Senefeld, Michael P 624 

Shafer, George W. 1248 

Shafer, Joseph 1268 

Shera, Parry C. 750 

Sherwood, James 912 

Sherwood, John 1021 

Shirk, John C. 816 

Showalter, Ernest W. 641 

Shriner, Atwell J. 575 

Shumaker, Adam 1280 

Sitl)ert, Frank X 643 

Simniermcyer, Valentine 1388 

Simonson, William 1202 

Sizelove, Dennis 808 

Skinner, Charles E. 796 

Smalley, Mary F. 1299 

Smiester, John W. 1208 

Smith, Harry B. 699 

Smith, Jacob L. 1441 

Smith, John I 1443 

Smith, John N. 1267 

Sottong, Christ 988 

Spaeth. Peter J. 986 

Spratt, James J. 939 

Squier, Dr. George E 578 

Steinard. Harry C. 1081 

Steinard, Willard 1099 

Steinard, William 1084 

Stenger, Adam 844 

Stenger, Edward 1411 

Steward, Alonzo 1078 

Stinger, Charles A. 640 

Stirn, John W. 1378 

Stirn, Henry 1380 

Stone, Edward E. 1344 

Stout, Ira 1282 

Strohmicr, Henry 1032 

Studt, John P. 897 

Studt, Philip 1406 

Sturwold, Joseph H. 14.W 

Suhre, Herman W. 846 

Swift, Charles H. .. 1296 

Swift, John F. 1076 

Swift, Samuel 980 


Taylor, James T. 1082 

Taylor, Lewis O. 1085 

Tebbc, Joseph 1354 

Teeters, Henry F. 1431 

Tettenborn. Hugo 663 

Thackrey, Thomas B. 821 

Thompson, Morris ^T. 1301 

Thorpe, Christian H. 717 

Trichler, Herman 666 


Updike, Ira 1339 

Updike. Mrs. Lizzie 134! 

Urban, Jacob, Jr. 80) 


Van Camp, Freeman 1306 

Van Camp, John G. 969 

Van Camp, Joseph A. 967 

Van Meter. John D 1015 

Vanness, Thomas W. 773 

Vonderheide, Ben H. 1394 


VVaechter, Anthony W. 1220 

Waggoner, John A. 1019 

Wagner, Peter 1242 

Wallpe, Quiren 1383 

Walters, George F. 1131 

Walther. Herman 664 

W^arner, Martin 956 

Watkins, Harrison 704 

Wear, James 1136 

Weber, John 706 

Weber. Rudolph 733 

Wehr, David 1455 

Wehr. Henry D. 1401 

Weidenbach. Andrew 788 

W^eiler, Frank 1469 


Weiler, John 1428 

Welling, William 1464 

Wendel, William 11-4 

Wendel, William H. 1031 

Werner, George A. >'^50 

Werner, Jacob 1^59 

Wessel, Herman H. 1350 

Wesscl, John 1231 

West. Dr. James F. 582 

W^hite, George E. 892 

Whiteman, Peter F. "84 

Wiggers, August II. 1033 

Wiley, Adonijah 1118 

Wiley, Spencer 928 

Wilhelm, Frank F. 1055 

Wilhelm, George M. 841 

Wilhelm, Jacob J. 1093 

Wilhelm, John J. 925 

Willey, Joseph R. 953 

Willhelm, Peter 879 

W^illiams, George VV. 889 

Williams, Peter 1445 

Wilson, Charles V. 776 

Wilson, George G. 1^1^ 

Wilson, Harry X. 1413 

Wilson, Lawrence A. 1393 

Winans, Benjamin F. .- 1150 

Wintering, Frank 9<'3 

Wise. Jacob D. 937 

Wittkamper, Henry C. 1386 

Wittkamper, Louis H^'- 

Wiwi. Henry HOI 

Wright. Frank .\. l^'^O 


Yolilcr, Lewis 1458 

Young, Jacob 899 

Younts, L. A. 1451 

Zacharias, Edward W. 1259 

,t ,1 

^,i. -^:r^ > 




The first white men to set foot upon the Xortlnvest Territory were 
French traders and missionaries under the leadership of La Salic. This was 
about the year 1670 and subsequent discoveries and explorations in this 
region by the French gave that nation practically undisputed possession of 
all the territory organized in 1787 as the Northwest Territory. It is true 
that the English colonies of \'irginia, Connecticut and Massachusetts claimed 
that their charters extended their grants westward to the ^Mississippi river. 
However, France claimed this territory and successfully maintained posses- 
sion of it until the close of the French and Indian War in 17G3. At that 
time the treaty of Paris transferred all of the French claims east of the 
Mississippi river to England, as well as all claims of France to territory on 
the mainland of North America. For the next twenty years the Northwest 
Territory was under the undisputed control of England, but became a pare 
of the United States by the treaty which terminated the Revolutionary War 
in 1783. Thus the flags of three nations have floated over the territory now 
comprehended within the present state of Indiana — the tri-color of France, 
the union jack of England and the stars and stripes of the United States. 

History will record the fact that there was another nation, however, 
which claimed possession of this territory and, while the Indians can hardly 
be called a nation, yet they made a gallant fight to retain their hunting 
grounds. The real owners of this territory struggled against heavy odds 
to maintain their supremacy and it was not until the battle of Tippecanoe, in 
the fall of 181 1, that the Indians gave up the unequal struggle. Tecumseh, 
the Washington gf his race, fought fiercely to save this territory for his 
people, but the white man finally overwhelmed him, and "Lo, the poor Indian" 
was pushed westward across the Mississippi. The history of the Northwest 


Territory is full of the hitter fights wliich the Indians waged in trying to drive 
the white ni;in out and the defeat which the Indians inflicted on general 
St. Clair on Xoveniljer 4. 1792, will go down in the annals of Amerioin 
history as the worst defeat which an American army ever suffered at the 
hands of the Indians. The greatest battle which has ever been fought in the 
United States against the Indians occurred in the state of Ohio. This was 
the battle of Fallen Timbers and occurred August 20, 1794, the scene of 
the battle being within the present county of Defiance. After the close 
of the Revolutionary War the Indians, urged on by the British, caused the 
settlers in the Northwest Territory continued trouble and defeated every de- 
tachment sent against them previous to their defeat by Gen. Anthony Wayne 
at the battle of I'allen Timbers in 1794. Although there was some trouble 
with the Indians after this time, they never offered serious resistance after 
this memorable defeat until the fall of 181 1, when Gen. William Plenrv Har- 
rison completely routed them at the battle of Tippecanoe. 


Ohio was the first state created out of the old Northwest Territory, 
although Indiana had l^een previously organized as a territory. When the 
land comprehended within the Northwest Territory was discovered by the 
French under La Salle about 1670, it was a battle ground of various Indian 
tribes, although the Fries, who were located along the shores of Lake Erie, 
were the only ones with a more or less definite territory. From 1670 to 
1763, the close of the French and Indian War, the French were in possession 
of this territory and established their claims in a positive manner by exten- 
sive exploration aiid scattered settlements. The chief centers of French 
settlement were at Detroit, Vincennes, Kaskaskia, Cahokia, Fort Crevecour 
and at several missionary stations around the shores of the great lakes. The 
French did not succeed in doing this without incurring the hostilitv of the 
Iroquois Indians, a bitter enmity which was brought about chiefly because 
the French helped the Shawnees. Wyandots and Miamis to drive the Irocjuois 
out of the territory west of the Muskingum river in Ohio. 

It must not be forgotten that the English also laid claim to the North- 
west Territory, basing their claim on the discoveries of the Cabots and the 
subsequent charters of Virginia. Massachusetts and Connecticut. These 
charters extended the limits of these three colonies westward to the Pacific 
ocean, although, as a matter of fact, none of the three colonies made a settle- 
ment west of the Alleghanies until after the Revolutionary War. New York 


>(aii,'lit to strengthen her claim to territory west of the AHeghanies in 1701, 
hv getting from the Iroquois, the bitter enemies of the French, a grant to the 
territory from which the French and their Indian allies had previously ex- 
pelled them. Although this grant was renewed in 1726 and again confirmed 
in 1744, it gave Xew York only a nominal claim and one which was never 
recognized by the French in any way. ^ ^^f\3,*yf\ 

luiglish traders from Pennsylvania and Virginia began m 1730 to pay 
incire attention to the claims of their country west of the Alleghanies and 
north of the Ohio river. When their activities reached the ears of the French 
tlie governor of French Canada sent Celeron de Bienville up and down the 
Ohio and the rivers and streams running into it from the north and took 
formal possession of the territory by planting lead plates at the mouth of 
every river and stream of any importance. This peculiar method of the 
I'rencli in seeking to establish their claims occurred in the rear 1749 and 
opnicd the eyes of England to the necessity of taking some immediate action, 
(in.rge II. the king of England at the time, at once granted a charter for the 
(ir^t Ohio Company (there were two others by the same name later organ- 
ized), composed of London merchants and enterprising Virginians, and the 
company at once proceeded to fornnilate plans to secure possession of the ter- 
ritory north of the Ohio and west of the Mississippi. Christopher Gist v.-as 
sent down the Ohio river in 1750 to explore the country as far west a^ the 
mouth of the Scioto river, and made several treaties with the Indians. Things 
were now rapidly approaching a crisis and it was soon evident that there 
would be a struggle of arms between England and France for the disputed 
region. In 1754 the English started to build a fort at the confluence of the 
Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, on the site of the present city of Pitts- 
burgh, but before the fort was completed the French appeared on the scene. 
drove the English away and finished the fort which had been begun. 

FRENCH AND INDIAN W\\R ( 1 754-63). 

The crisis had finally come. The struggle which followed between the 
two nations ultimately resulted in the expulsion of the French from the 
mainland of America as well as from the immediate territon.' in dispute. 
The war is known in America as the French and Indian War and in the 
history of the world as the Seven Years' War, the latter designation being 
due to the fact that it lasted that length of time. The struggle developed 
into a world-wide conflict and the two nations fought over three continents, 
America, Europe and Asia. It it not within the province of this resume of 


I / , . . . . , 1 


the history of Indiana to go into the details of this memorable struggle. It is 
sufficient for the purpose at hand t.^ state that the treaty of Paris, which 
terminated the war in 1763, left France without any of her former posses- 
sions on the mainland of America. 


With the English in control of America east of the Mississippi river and 
the French regime forever ended, the Indians next command the attention 
of the historian who deals widi the Northwest Territory. The French were 
undoubtedly responsible for stirring up their former Indian allies and 
Pontiac's conspiracy must be credited to the influence of that nation. This 
formidable uprising was successfully overthrown by Henry Bouquet, who 
led an expedition in 1764 into the present state of Ohio and compelled the 
Wyandots, Delawares and Shawnees to sue for peace. 


From 1764 to 1774, no events of particular importance occurred withm 
the territory north of the Ohio river, but in the latter year (June 22, 1774). 
England, then at the breaking point with the colonies, passed the Quebec 
act, which attached this territory to the province of Quebec for administrative 
purposes. This intensified the feeling of resentment which the colonies 
bore against their mother country and is given specific mention in their list 
of grievances which they enumerated in their Declaration of Independence. 
The Revolutionary War came on at once and this act, of course, was never 
put into execution. 


During the War for Independence (17/5-1783), the various states wath 
claims to western lands agreed with the Continental Congress to surrender 
their claims to the national government. In fact, the Articles of Confedera- 
tion were not signed until all of the states had agreed to do this and ^lary- 
land withheld her assent to the articles until March i, 17S0, on this account. 
In accordance with this agreement New York ceded her claim to the United 
States in 17S0, Virginia in 17S4, ?^Iassachusctts in 17S5 and Connecticut in 
1786, although the latter state excepted a one-hundred-and-twenty-mile strip 
of three million five hundred thousand acres bordering on Lake Erie. This 


Strip was formally rclinciuished in 1800, with the understanding that the 
United States would guarantee the titles already issued by that state. \'ir- 
ginia was also allowed a reservation, known as the Virginia Military Dis- 
trict, which lay between the Little Miami and Scioto rivers, the same being 
for distribution among her Revolutionary veterans. There is one other fact 
which should be mentioned in connection with the territory north of the 
Ohio in the Revolutionary period. This was the memorable conquest of the 
territory by Gen. George Rogers Clark. During the years 1778 and 1779, 
this redoubtable leader captured Kaskaskia, Cahokia and Vincennes and 
thereby drove the English out of the Northwest Territory. It is probable 
that this notable campaign secured this territory for the Americans and that 
without it we would not have \md it included in our possessions in the treaty 
which closed the Revolutionary War. 


One of the most interesting pages of Indiana history is concerned with 
the capture of Vincennes by Gen. George Rogers Clark in the spring of 1779. 
The expedition of this intrepid leader with its successful results marked him 
as a man of more than usual ability. Prompted by a desire to secure the 
territory northwest of the Ohio river for the Americans, he sought and ob- 
tained permission from the governor of Virginia the right to raise a body of 
troops for this purpose. Early in the spring of 1778 Clark began collecting 
his men for the proposed expedition. Within a short time he collected about 
one hundred and fifty men at Fort Pitt and floated down the Ohio to the 
falls near Jefifersonville. He picked up a few recruits at this place and in 
June floated on down the river to the mouth of the Tennessee river. His 
original intention was to make a descent on Vincennes first, but. having re- 
ceived erroneous reports as to the strength of the garrison located there, he 
decided to commence active operations at Kaskaskia. After landing his 
troops near the mouth of the Tennessee in the latter part of June, 1778. he 
marched them across southern Illinois to Kaskaskia, arriving there on the 
evening of July 4. The inhabitants were terror stricken at first, but upon 
being assured by General Clark that they were in no danger and that all he 
wanted was for them to give their support to the American cause, their fears 
were soon quieted. Being so far from the scene of the war. the French 
along the Mississippi knew little or nothing about its progress. One of the 
most important factors in establishing a friendly relation between the Amer- 
icans and the French inhabitants was the hearty willingness of Father Gibault, 


the Catliolic priest stationed at Kaskaskia, in makinj? his people see that their 
best interests would he served by alignin.cj themselves with the Americans. 
Father Gibault not only was of invaluable assistance to General Clark at 
Kaskaskia, but he also offered to make the overland trip to \'incennes and 
win over the l'"rench in that place t<^ the American side. This he successfully 
did and returned to Kaskaskia in August with the welcome news that the 
inhabitants of Vincennes were willing to give their allegiance to the 

However, before Clark got his troops together for the trip to Vincennes, 
General Hamilton, the lieutenant-governor of Detroit, descended the Wabash 
and captured Vincennes (December 15, 1778). At that time Clark had only 
two men stationed there, Leonard Plelm. who was in command of the fort, 
and a private by the name of Henry. As soon as Clark heard that the British 
had captured Vincennes. lie began to make plans for retaking it. The terms 
of enlistment of many of his men had expired and he had difficulty in getting 
enough of them to re-enlist to make a body large enough to make a successful 
attack. A number of young Frenchmen joined his command and finally, in 
January, 1779, Clark set out from Kaskaskia for Vincennes with one hundred 
and seventy men. This trip of one hundred sixty miles v. as made at a time 
when traveling overland was at its worst. The prairies were wet. the 
streams were swollen and the rivers overflowing their banks. Notwithstand- 
ing the difficulties which confronted him and his men. Clark advanced rapidlv 
as possible and by February 23. 1779, he was in front of \"incennes. Two 
days later, after considerable parleying and after the fort had suffered from 
a murderous fire from the Americans. General Hamilton agreed to surrender. 
This marked the end of British dominion in Indiana and ever since that dav 
the territory now comprehended in the state has been American soil. 


Historians have never agreed as to the date of the founding of \'in- 
cennes. The local historians of that city have always claimed that the 
settlement of the town dates from 1702. although those who have examined 
all the facts and documents have come to the conclusion that 1732 comes 
nearer to being the correct date. It was in the latter year that George Wash- 
ington was born, a fact which impresses upon the reader something of the a^e 
of the city. Vincennes was an old town and had seen several generations 
pass away when the Declaration of Independence was signed. It was in 
Vincennes and vicinity that the best blood of the Northwest Territorv was 


found at the time of the Revokitionary War. It was made the scat of justice 
of Knox county when it was organized in 1790 and consequently it is by 
many years tlie oldest county seat in the state. It became the first capital of 
Indiana Territory in 1800 and saw it removed to Corydon in 1813 for the 
reason, so the Legislature said, that it was too near the outskirts of civiliza- 
tion. In this oldest city of the Mississippi valley still stands the house into 
which Governor Harrison moved in 1804, and the house in v/hich the Terri- 
torial Legislature held its sessions in 1805 is still in an excellent state of 

Today Vincenncs is a thriving city of fifteen thousand, with paved 
streets, street cars, fine public buildings and public utility plants equal to any 
in the state. It is the seat of a university which dates back more than a 


The next period in the history of the territory north of the Ohio begins 
with the passage of a congre.'^sional act (Alay 20, 1785), which provided for 
the present system of land surveys into townships si.x miles square. As soon 
as this was put into operation, settlers — and mostly Revolutionarv soldiers — 
began to pour into the newly surveyed territory. A second Ohio Company 
was organized in the spring of J 786, made up chiefly of Revolutionary 
officers and soldiers from New Englaiul. and this company proposed to estab- 
lish a state somewhere between Lake Erie and the Ohio river. At this junc- 
ture Congress realized that definite steps should be made at once for some 
kind of government over this extensive territory, a territory which now in- 
cludes the present states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and 
about a third of Minnesota. Various plans were proposed in Congress and 
most of the sessions of 1786 and the first half of 1787 were consumed in 
trying to formulate a suitable fomi of government for the extensive terri- 
tory. The result of all these deliberations resulted in the famous Ordinance 
of 1787, which was finally passed on July 13, 1787. 

ORDINANCE OF 1 787. : 

There have been many volumes written about this instrument of gov- 
ernment and to this day there is a difference of opinion as to who was its 
author. 7'he present article can do no m.ore dian merely sketch its outline 
and set forth the main provisions. It was intended to provide onlv a tem- 
porary government and to serve until such a time as the population of the 


territory would warrant the creation of states with the same rights and 
privileges which the thirteen original states enjoyed. It stipulated that not 
less than three nor more than five states should ever be created out of the 
whole territory and the maximum number was finally organized, although it 
was not until 1848 that the last state, Wisconsin, was admitted to the L'nion. 
The third article, "Religion, morality and knowledge being nece.-)Sary to good 
government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of educa- 
tion shall forever be encouraged," has given these five states the basis for 
their excellent system of public schools, state normals, colleges and uni- 
versities. Probably the most widely discussed article was the sixth, which pro- 
vided that slavery and involuntary servitude should never be permitted within 
the territory and by the use of the word "forever'" made the territory free 
for all time. It is interesting to note in this connection that both Indiana 
and Illinois before their admission to the Union sought to have this pro- 
vision set aside, but every petition from the two states was refused by Con- 
gress in accordance with the provision of the Ordinance. 


The ordinance contemplated two grades of territorial government. 
During the operation of the first grade of government the governor, his secre- 
tary and the three judges provided by the ordinance were to be appointed by 
Congress and the governor in turn was to appoint "such magistrates and 
other civil officers in each county and tow'nship as he shall deem necessary- 
for the preservation of the peace and good will of the same." After the 
federal government was organized a statutory provision took the appoint- 
ment of these ofiicers out of the hands of Congress and placed it in the hands 
of the President of the United States. All executive authority was given 
to the governor, all judicial authority to the three judges, while the governor 
and judges, in joint session, constituted the legislative body. This means 
that during the first stage of territorial government the people had absolutely 
no voice in the affairs of government and this state of affairs lasted until 
1799, a period of twelve years. 


The second stage of government in the territory was to begin whenever 
the governor was satisfied that there were at least five thousand free male 
inhabitants of the age of twentv-one and above. The main difference be- 

.0 .,):i; 


tween the first and second staf^es of territorial government lay in the fact 
that the legislative functions were taken from the governor and judges and 
given to a "general assembly or legislature." The ordinance provided for 
the election of one representative for each five hundred free male inhabitants, 
the tenure of the office to be two years. While the members of the lower 
house were to be elected by the qualified voters of the territory, the upper 
house, to consist of five members, were to be appointed by Congress in a 
somewhat complicated manner. The house of representatives was to select 
ten men and these ten names were to be sent to Congress and out of this 
number five were tf) be selected by Congress. This provision, like the a[>- 
pointment of the governor, was later changed so as to make the upper house 
the appointees of the President of the United States. The five men so selected 
were called councilors and held office for five years. 

INDIAN STRUGGLES (1787-1803). 

The period from 1787 to 1803 in the Northwest Territory was marked 
by several bitter conflicts with the Indians. Just as at the close of the French 
and Indian War had the French stirred up the Indians against the Americans, 
so at the close of the Revolutionary War did the English do the same. In 
fact the War of 1812 was undoubtedly hastened by the depredations of the 
Indians, who were urged to make forays upon the frontier settlements in the 
Northwest Territory by the British. The various uprisings of the Indians 
during this critical period greatly retarded the influx of settlers in the new- 
territory, and were a constant menace to those hardy pioneers who did ven- 
ture to establish homes north of the Ohio river. Three distinct campaigns 
were waged against the savages before they were finally subdued. The first 
campaign was under the command of Gen. Josiah Harmar C1790) and re- 
sulted in a decisive defeat for the whites. The second expedition was under 
the leadership of Gen. Arthur St. Clair (1791), the governor of the Territor>% 
and was marked by one of the worst defeats ever suffered by an American 
army at the hands of the Indians. A lack of knowledge of Indian methods 
of warfare, combined with reckless mismanagement, sufficiently accounts for 
both disasters. It remained for Gen. Anthony Wayne, the "Mad Anthony" 
of Revolutionary fame, to bring the Indians to terms. The battle of Fallen 
Timbers, which closed his campaign against the Indians, was fought August 
20. 1794, on the ]Maumee river within the present county of Defiance county, 
Ohio. This crushing defeat of the Indians, a rout in which thev lost twelve 
out of thirteen chiefs, w^s so complete that the Indians were glad to sue for 


peace. On June lo, 1795, delegates from the various Indian tribes, headed 
by their respective chiefs, met at Greenville, Ohio, to formulate a treaty. A 
treaty was finally consummated on August 3, and was signed by General 
Wayne on behalf of the United States and by ninety chiefs and delegates of 
twelve interested tribes. This treaty was faithfully kept by the Indians and 
ever afterwards Little Turtle, the real leader of the Indians at that time, 
was a true friend of the whites. While there were several sporadic forays 
on the part of the Indians up to 181 1. there was no battle of any importance 
with them until the battle of Tippecanoe in the fall of i8ii. 


The first governor of the newly organized territory was Gen. Arthur 
St. Clair, a gallant soldier of the Revolution, who was appointed on October 
5, 1787, and ordered to report for duty on the first of the following February. 
He held the office until November 22, 1802, when he was dismissed by Presi- 
dent Jefferson "for the di.sorganizing spirit, and tendency of every example, 
violating the rules of conduct enjoined by his public station, as displayed in 
his address to the convention." The governor's duties were performed by 
his secretary, Charles W. Byrd, until :March i, 1803, when the state otticials 
took their office. The first judges appointed were Samuel Holden Parsons, 
James Mitchell Varnum and John Armstrong. Before the time came for 
the judges to qualify, Armstrong resigned and Joiin Cleves Symmes was ap- 
pointed in his place. The first secretary was W'inthrop Sargent, who held 
the position until he was appointed governor of :Mississippi Territory by the 
President on ]vlay 2, 1798. Sargent was succeeded by William Henry Har- 
rison, who was appointed by the President on June 26, 179S. and confined 
by the Senate two days later. Harrison was later elected as the first dele- 
gate of the organized Northwest Territory to Congress and the President 
then appointed Charles Willing Byrd as secretary of the Territory. Byrd's 
appointment being confirmed by the Senate on December 31. 1799. 


The Northwest Territory remained under the government of the first 
stage until September i6. 1799, when it formally advanced to the second or 
representative stage. In the summer of 1798 Governor St. Clair had ascer- 
tained that the territory had a population of at least five thousand free male 
inhabitants and. in accordance with the provisions of the Ordinance of L7S7, 


was ready to make the cliaiigc in its form of government. On October 29, 
1798, the governor i.ssued a proclamation to the qualified voters of the terri- 
tory directing them to choose members for the lower house of the territorial 
Legislature at an election to be held on the third Monday of the following 
December. The twenty-two members so elected met on January 16, 1799, 
and, pursuant to the provisions of the ordinance, selected the ten men from 
whom the President of the United States later chose five for the Legislative 
Council. They then adjourned to meet on September 16, 1799, but since 
there was not a quorum on that day they held adjourned sessions until the 
23rd, at which time a ({uorum was present. 

At the time the change in the form of government went into effect there 
were only nine counties in the whole territory. These counties had been 
organized either by the governor or his secretary. The following table gives 
the nine counties organi;^ed before 1799 with the dates of their organization 
and the number of legislators proportioned to each by the governor: 

Date of Number of 

County. Organization. representatives. 

Washington July 27. 1788 2 

Hamilton January 4, 1790 7 

St. Clair April 27, 1790 1 

Knox June 20. 1790 1 

Randolph October 5, 1795 I 

Wayne August 6, 1796 3 

Adams July 10, 1797 2 

Jefferson July 29, 1797 i 

Rovs August 20, 1798 4 


The twenty-two representatives and five councilors were the first rep- 
resentative body to meet in the Xorthwest Territory and they represented a 
constituency scattered over a territory of more than two hundred and sixty- 
five thousand square miles, an area greater ihan Germany or France, or even 
Austria-Hungary. It would be interesting to tell something of the delibera- 
tions of these twenty-seven sterling pioneers, but the limit of the present 
article forbids. It is necessary, however, to make mention of one important 
thing which they did in view of the fact that it throws much light on the 
subsequent history of the Northwest Territory. 



The Legislature was authorized to elect a delegate to Congress and two 
candidates for the honor presented their names to the Legislature, William 
Henry Harrison and Arthur St. Clair, Jr., the son of the governor The 
Legislature, [)y a joint ballot on October 3, 1799, elected Harrison by a vote 
of eleven to ten. The defeat of his son undoubtedly had considerable to do 
with the subsequent estrangement which arose between the governor and his 
legislature and incidentally hastened the division of the Northwest Terri- 
tory. Within two years from the time the territory had advanced to the 
second stage of government the division had taken place. On May 7, i8o3, 
Congress passed an act dividing the Northwest Territory by a line drawn 
from the mouth of the Kentucky river to Fort Recovery, in Mercer county, 
Ohio, and thence due north to the boundary' line between the United States 
and Canada. Governor St. Clair favored the division because he thought it 
would delay the organization of a state and thus give him a longer lease on 
his position, but he did not favor the division as finally determined. He wa.s 
constantly growing in disfavor with the people on account of his overbearing 
manner and he felt that he would get rid of some of his bitterest enemies if 
the western inhabitants were set off into a new territory. However, the 
most of the credit for the division must be given to Harrison, who, as a dele- 
gate to Congress, was in a position to have the most influence. Harrison also 
was satisfied that in case a new territory should be formed he would be ap- 
pointed its first governor and he was not disappointed. The territorv west 
of the line above mentioned was immediately organized and designated as 
Indiana Territory, while the eastern portion retained the existing govern- 
ment and the old name — Northwest Territory. It is frequently overlooked 
that the Northwest Territory existed in fact and in name up until March i, 


The division of iSoo left the Northwest Territory with only about one- 
third of its original area. The census of the territory taken by the L'nited 
States government in 1800 showed it to have a total population of forty-five 
thousand three hundred and sixty-five, which fell short by about fifteen thou- 
sand of being sufficient for the creation of a state as provided by the Ordi- 
nance of 1787, which fixed the minimum population at sixty-thousand. The 
counties left in the Northwest Territory, with their respective population. 


are set forth in the appended table, all of which were within the present state 
of Ohio, e.xcept Wayne : 

Adams 3.432 

Hamilton 14.632 

Jefferson 8,766 8,540 , 

Trumbull 1.302 

Washington 5.42/ 

Wayne 3,206 

Total 45.36 

The population as classified by the census with respect to age and sex is 
interesting and particularly so in showing that considerably more than one- 
tliird of the total population were children under ten years of age. 

Males. Females. 

Whites up to ten years of age 9.3^2 8,644 

Whites from ten to sixteen 3.647 ' 3>353 

Whites from sixteen to twenty-six 4,636 3,861 

Whites from twenty-six to forty-five 4,833 3,342 

Whites forty-five and upward 1.955 ^•395 

Total 24,433 20.595 

Total of both sexes 45,028 

Total of other persons, not Indians 337 

Grand total -45,365 

The above table shows in detail the character and distribution of the 
population of the Northwest Territory after the division of 1800. It is at 
this point that the history of Indiana properly begins and it is pertinent to set 
forth with as much detail as possible the population of Indiana Territory at 
that time. The population of 5,641 was grouped about a dozen or more 
settlements scattered at wide intervals throughout the territory. The follow- 
ing table gives the settlements in Indiana Territory in 1800 with their re- 
spective number of inhabitants: 


Mackinaw, in nortliern Michigan 251 

Green Bay, Wisconsin 50 

Prairie clu Chien, Wisconsin 65 

Cahokia, Monroe county, Illinois 719 

Belle Fontaine, Monroe county, Illinois 286 

UAigle, St. Clair county. Illinois 250 

Kaskaskia, Randolph county, Illinois 467 

Prairie du Rocher, Randolph county, Illinois 212 

Settlement in Mitchel township, Randolph county, 111 334 

Fort Massac, southern Illinois 90 

Clark's Grant, Clark count}-. Indiana 929 

Vincennes, Knox county, Indiana 714 

Vicinity of Vincennes (traders and trappers) 819 

Traders and trappers at Ouitenon and Fort Wayne 155 

Fur traders, scattered along the lakes 300 

Of this total population of nearly six thousand, it was about equally 
divided between what is now Indiana and Illinois. There were one 
dred and sixty-three free negroes reported, while there were one hundred and 
thirty-five slaves of color. Undoubtedly, this census of 1800 failed to give 
all of the slave population, and it is interesting to note that there were efforts 
to enslave the Indian as well as the negro. 

All of these settlements with the exception of the one in Clark's Grant 
were largely French. The settlement at Jeffersonville was made in large 
part by soldiers of the Revolutionary War and was the only real American 
settlement in the Indiana Territory when it was organized in 1800. 


The government of Indiana Territory was formally organized July 4, 
1800, and in a large book kept in the secretary of state's office at Indianapolis, 
there appears in the large legible hand of John Gibson the account of the first 
meeting of the officials of the Territory. It reads as follows : 

"St. Vincennes, July 4. 1800. This day the government of the Indiana 
Territory commenced, William Henry Harrison having been appointed 
governor, John Gibson, secretary. William Clarke. Henry Vanderburgh & 
John Griffin Judges in and over said Territory." 

Until Governor Harrison appeared at \^incennes. his secretary-. John 
Gibson, acted as governor. The first territorial court met March 3. 1801, 

I ■■•■■,• ' , U' ^.\. 

By E. V. Sliockley. 

All the northern part of the state 
Btlll owned by Indians 

co;;:r£ssio;:al I)I3?ric?: 

established by the act 

Of Jani-sry 3. 1822 

By E. V. Shockley. 


the first niCL'tiiig of tlie goveriKjr and judges having begun on the I2th of the 
preceding January. Tlic governor and judges, in accordance with the pro- 
visions of the Ordinance of 17.S7, c<jntinued to perform all legislative and 
judicial functions of the territory until it was advanced to the representative 
stage of government in 1805. The governor had sole executive power and 
appointed all officials, territorial and county. 


During this period fn^m 1800 to 1805, the territory of Indiana was con- 
siderably augmented as result of the organization of the state of Ohio in 
1803. At that date Ohio was given its present territorial limits, and all of 
the rest of the Northwest Territory was included within Indiana Territory 
from this date until 1805. During this interim Louisiana was divided and 
the northern part was attached tn Indiana Territory for purposes of civil and 
criminal jurisdiction. This was, however, only a temporary arrangement, 
which lasted only about a year after the purchase of Louisiana from France. 
The next change in the limits of Indiana Territory ocairred in 1805. in 
which year the territory of :\Iichigan was set off. The southern line of 
Michigan was made tangent to the southern extreme of Lake 3klichigan. and 
it so remained until Indiana was admitted to the L'nion in 1816. From 1805 
to 1809 Indiana included all of the present states of Indiana, Illinois, Wiscon- 
sin and about one-third of ^Minnesota. In the latter year Illinois was set off 
as a territory and Indiana was left with its present limits with the exception 
of a ten-mile strip along the northern boundary. This strip was detached 
from Michigan and this subsequently led to friction between the two states, 
which was not settled until the United States government gave Michigan a 
large tract of land west of Lake :\Iichigan. Thus it is seen how Indiana has 
received its present boundary limits as the result of the successive changes 
in 1803, 1805, 1809 and 1816. 


The Ordinance of 1787 provided that whenever the population of the 
territory reached five thousand free male inhabitants it should pass upon the 
question of advancing to the second or representative stage. Governor Har- 
rison issued a proclamation August 4, 1804, directing an eleaion to be held 
in the various counties of Indiana territory on the nth of the follov,-in"- 
month. In the entire territory, then comprehending six counties, there were 


only three hundred and ninety-one votes cast. The following table gives 
the result of this election: 

County. For Advance. Against Advance. Total. 

Clark 35 13 48 

Dearborn o 26 26 

Knox 163 12 175 

Randolph 40 21 61 

St. Clair 22 59 81 

Wavne 000 

Total 260 131 391 

It will be noticed that there is no vote returned from Wayne and this is 
accounted for by the fact that the proclamation notifying the sherifif was not 
received in time to give it the proper advertisement. Wayne county at that 
tirne included practically all of the present state of Michigan and is not to 
be confused with the Wayne county later formed within the present limits of 
Indiana. As result of this election and its majority of one hundred and 
twenty-nine in favor of advancing to the second stage of government, the 
governor issued a proclamation calling for an election on January 3, 1805, of 
nine representatives, the same being proportioned to the counties as follows : 
Wayne, three; Knox, two; Dearborn, Clark. Randolph and St. Clair, one 
each. The members of the first territorial legislature of Indiana convened 
at Vincennes on July 29, 1805. The members of the house were as follows: 
Dr. George Fisher, of Randolph; William Biggs and Shadrach Bond, of St. 
Clair; Benjamin Parke and John Johnson, of Knox; Davis Floyd, of Clark, 
and Jesse B. Thomas, of Dearborn. This gives, however, onlv seven repre- 
sentatives, Wayne county having been set off as the territory of r^Iichigan 
in the spring of this same year. A re-apportionment was made bv the 
governor in order to bring the quota of representatives up to the required 

The Legislative Council consisted of five men as provided bv the Ordin- 
ance of 1787, namely: Benjamin Chambers, of Dearborn; Samuel Gwath- 
mey, of Clark; John Rice Jones, of Knox; Pierre Menard, of Randolph, and 
John Hay, of St. Clair. It is not possible in this connection to give a detailed 
history of the territory of Indiana from 1805 until its admission to the Union 
in 1816. Readers who wish to make a study of our state's historv can find 
volumes which will treat the history of the state in a much better manner 


than is possible in a volume of this character. It may be noted that there 
were five general assemblies of the Territorial Legislature during this period 
of eleven years. Each one of the five general assemblies was divided into 
two sessions, which, with the dates, are given in the appended table : 

First General yKssembly — First session, July 29, 1805; second session, 
November 3, 1806. 

Second General Assembly — First session, August 12, 1S07; second 
session, September 26, 180S. 

Third General Assembly — First session, November 12, 1810; second 
session, November 12^ 181 1. 

Fourth General Assembly — First session, February i, 1813; second 
session, December 6, 18 13. 

Fifth General Assembly — First session, August 15, 1814: second session, 
December 4, 181 5. 


Indiana Territory was allowed a delegate in Congress from 1805 until 
the close of the territorial period. The first three delegates were elected by 
the Territorial Legislature, while the last four were elected by the qualified 
voters of the territory. The first delegate v.-as Benjamin Parke, who was 
elected to succeed himself in 1S07 over John Rice Jones, Waller Taylor and 
Shadrach Bond. Parke resigned ^Nlarch i, 1808, to accept a seat on the 
supreme judiciary of Indiana Territory, and remained on the supreme bench 
of Indiana after it was admitted to the Union, holding the position until his 
death at Salem, Indiana, July 12, 1S35. Jesse B. Thomas was elected Octo- 
ber 22, 1808, to succeed Parke as delegate to Congress. It is this same 
Thomas who came to Brookville in 1S08 with xAmos Butler. He was a 
tricky, shifty, and, so his enemies said, an unscrupulous politician. He was 
later elected to Congress in Illinois and became the author of the Missouri 
Compromise. In the spring of 1S09 the inhabitants of the territory were 
permitted to cast their first vote for the delegate to Congress. Three candi- 
dates presented themselves for the consideration of the voters, Jonathan 
Jennings, Thomas Randolph and John Johnson. There were only four 
counties in the state at this time, Knox, Harrison, Clark and Dearborn. Two 
counties, St. Clair and Randolph, were a part of the new territory of Illinois, 
which was cut off from Indiana in the spring of 1809. The one newspaper 
of the territory waged a losing fight against Jennings, the latter appealing for 


support on the ground of his anti-slavery views. The result of the election 
was as follows: Jennings, 428; Randolph, 402; Johnson, 81. Jonathan 
Jennings may be said to be the first successful politician produced in Indiana. 
His congressional career began in 1809 and he was elected to Congress four 
successive terms before 1816. He was president of the constitution conven- 
tion of 181 6, first governor of the state and was elected a second time, but 
resigned to go to Congress, where he was sent for four more terms by the 
voters of his district. 


The Ordinance of 1787 specifically provided that neither slavery nor any 
voluntary servitude should ever exist in the Xortiiwest Territory. Notwith- 
standing this prohibition, slavery actually did exist, not only in the North- 
west Territory, but in the sixteen years while Indiana was a territory as well. 
The constitution of Indiana in 181 6 expressly forbade slavery and yet the 
census of 1820 reported one hundred and ninety slaves in Indiana, which 
was only forty-seven less than there was in 1810. }*Iost of these slaves were 
held in the southwestern counties of the state, there being one hundred and 
eighteen in Knox, thirty in Gibson, eleven in Posey, ten in Vanderburg and 
the remainder widely scattered throughout the state. As late as 18 17 Frank- 
lin county scheduled slaves for taxation, listing them at three dollars each. 
The tax schedule for 1S13 says that the property tax on "horses, town lots, 
servants of color and free males of color shall be the same as in 1S14." 
Franklin county did not return slaves at the census of 18 10 or 1820, but the 
above extract from the commissioners' record of Franklin county proved con- 
clusively that slaves were held there. Congress was petitioned on more 
than one occasion during the territorial period to set aside the prohibition 
against slavery, but on each occasion refused to assent to the appeal of the 
slavery advocates. While the constitution convention of 1816 was in session, 
there was an attempt made to introduce slavery, but it failed to accomplish 


The United States government bought from the Indians all of the land 
within the present state of Indiana with the exception of a small tract around 
Vincennes, which was given by the Indians to the inhabitants of the town 
about the middle of the eighteenth century. The first purchase of land was 
made in 1795, at which time a triangular strip in the southeastern part of the 

By E. V. Shockley. 

... ^ 



state was secured by the treaty of Greenville. By the time Indiana was ad- 
mitted to tlie Union in i8i6, the following tracts had been purchased: Vin- 
cennes tract, June 7, 1803; Vincennes treaty tract, August 18 and 27, 1804; 
Grouscland tract, August 21, 1S05; Harrison's purchase, September 30, 1809; 
Twelve-mile purchase, September 30, 1809. 

No more purchases were made from the Indians until the fall of i8i8, 
at which time a large tract of land in the central part of \ne state was pur- 
chased from the Indians. This tract included all of the land north of the 
Indian boundary lines of 1805 and 1S09, and south of the Wabash river with 
the exception of what was known as the Miami reseriv'ation. This treaty, 
known as St. :\Iary's, was finally signed on October 6, 1818, and the next 
Legislature proceeded to divide it into two counties, V.'abash and Delaware. 


As fast as. the population would warrant, new counties were established 
in this Nevv' Purchase and Hamilton county was the tenth to be so organized. 
This county was created by the legislative act of January 8, 1823, and began 
its formal career as an independent county on the 7th of the following April. 
For purposes of reference, a list of the counties organized up until 1823, 
when Hamilton county was established, is here appended. The dates given 
represent the time when the organization of the county became effective, since 
in many instances it was from a few months to as much as seven years after 
the act establishing the county was passed before it became effective. 

1. Knox June 20, 1790 15. 

2. Clark Feb. 3, 1801 16. 

3. Dearborn Alch. 7, 1803 17. 

4. Harrison Dec. i, 1808 18. 

. 5. Jefferson Feb. i. 1811 19. 

6. Franklin Feb. i, 1811 20. 

7. Wayne Feb. i, 1811 21. 

8. Warrick Apr. i, 1813 22. 

9. Gibson Apr. i, 1813 23. 

10. Washington Jan. 17, 1814 24. 

11. Switzerland Oct. i, 1814 25. 

12. Posey Nov. i, 1814 26. 

13. Perry Nov. i. 1814 27. 

14. Jackson Jan. i, 1816 28. 

Orange Feb. i, 

Sullivan Jan. 15, 

Jennings Feb. i. 

Pike Feb. i, 

Daviess Feb. 15, 

Dubois Feb. i, 

Spencer Feb. i, 

Vanderburgh Feb. i, 

Vigo Feb. 15, 

Crawford 'Slch. i, 

Lawrence Mch. i, 

Monroe Apr. 10, 

Ripley Apr. 10. 

Randolph Aug. 10, 







Owen _- 
Floyd - 
Scott -- 

Jan. I, 1819 38. Morgan Feb. 15, 

Jan. I, 1819 39. Decatur Mch. 4, 

Feb. 2, 1819 40. Shelby Apr. i, 

Feb. I, 1820 41- f'^ush Apr. i, 

Martin Feb. i, 1820 42. Marion Apr. i. 

Union Feb. i, 1821 43. Putnam Apr. i, 

Greene Feb. 5, 1S21 44- Henry June i, 

Bartholomew ___Feb. 12, 1821 45- Montgomery ___McIi. i, 

Parke Apr. 2, 1821 46- Flamilton Apr. 7, 


The first thirteen counties in the alx)ve list were all that were organized 
when the territory of Indiana petitioned Congress for an enabling act in 1815. 
They were in the southern part of the state and had a total population of 
sixty-three thousand eight hundred and ninety-seven. At that time the total 
state tax was only about fi\T thousand dollars, while the assessment of the 
whole state in 181 6 amounted to only six thousand forty-three dollars and 
thirty-six cents. 


The Constitution of 1816 was framed by forty-three delegates who met 
at Corydon from June 10 to June 29 of that year. It was provided in the 
Constitution of 1816 that a vote might be taken every twelve years on the 
question of amending, revising or writing a wholly new instrument of gov- 
ernment. Although several efforts were made to hold constitution conven- 
tions between 1816 and 1850, the vote failed each time until 1848. Elections 
were held in 1S23, 1828. 1S40 and 1846. but each time there was returned 
an adverse vote against the calling of a constitutional convention. There were 
no amendments to the 1816 Constitution, although the revision of 1824, by 
Benjamin Parke and others was so thorough that it was said that the revision 
committee had done as much as a constitution convention could have done. 

It was not until 1848 that a successful vote on the question of calling a 
constitution convention was carried. There were many reasons which in- 
duced the people of the state to favor a convention. Among these may be 
mentioned the following: The old Constitution provided that all the state 
ofificcrs except the governor and lieutenant-governor should be elected by the 
le^^islature. ]\Iany of the county and township officers were appointed by 
the county commissioners. Again, the old Constitution attempted to handle 
too many matters of local concern. All divorces from 1816 to 1851 were 


granted by the Legislature. Special laws were passed which would apply to 
particular counties and even to particular townships in the county. It Xoblcs- 
ville wanted an alley vacated or a street closed, it had to appeal to the Legis- 
lature for permission to do so. If a man wanted to ferry people across a 
stream in Posey county, his rejjre'^entative presented a bill to the Legislature 
asking that the proposed ferryman Ije given permission to ferry people across 
the stream. The agitation for free schools attracted the supi^ort of the edu- 
cated people of the state, and most of the newspapers were outspoken in their 
advocacy of better educational pri\ileges. The desire for better schools, for 
freer representation in the selection of officials, for less interference by the 
Legislature in local affairs, led to a desire on the part of majority of the 
people of the state for a new Constitution. 

The second constitutional convention of Indiana met at Indianapolis, 
October 7, i8'50, and continued in session for four months. The one hun- 
dred and fifty delegates labored faithfully to give the state a Constitution 
fully abreast of the times and in accordance with the best ideas of the day. 
More power was given the people by allowing them to select not only all of 
the state officials, but also their county officers as well. The conveiuion of 
1S50 took a decided stand against the negro and proposed a referendum on 
the question of prohibiting the further emigration of negroes into the state 
of Indiana. The subsequent vote on this question showed that the people 
were not disposed to tolerate the colored race. As a matter of fact no negro 
or mulatto could legally come into Indiana from 1852 until 1881, when the 
restriction was removed by an amendment of the Constitution. Another 
important feature of the new Constitution was the provision for free schools. 
What we now know as a public school supported at the expense of the state, 
was unknown under the 1816 Constitution. The new Constitution estab- 
lished a system of free public schools, and subsequent statutory legislation 
strengthened the constitutional provision so that the state now ranks among 
the leaders in educational matters throughout the nation. The people of the 
state had voted on the question of free schools in 184S and had decided that 
they should be established, but there was such a strong majoritv opposed to 
free schools that nothing was done. Orange county gave only an eight per 
cent vote in favor of free schools, while Putnam and Monroe, containing 
DePauw and Indiana Universities, respectively, voted adversely by large 
majorities. But, with the backing of the Constitution, the advocates of free 
schools began to push the fight for their establishment, and as a result of the 
legislative acts of 1855, 1857 and 1867, the public schools were placed upon 
a sound basis. 


Such ill brief were the most important features of the 1852 Constitution. 
It has remained substantially to this day as it was written sixty-five years 
ago. It is true there have been some amendments, but the chan^jes of 1878 
and 1881 did not alter the Gjusiitution in any important particular. There 
was no concerted effort toward calling a constitutional convention until the 
Legislature of 1913 provided for a referendum on the question at the polls, 
Noveml)er 4, 1914. Despite the fact that all the political paritcs had de- 
clared in favor of a constitutional convention in their platfonns, the question 
was voted down by a large majority. An effort was made to have the ques- 
tion sulmiitted by the Legislature of 1915, but the Legislature refused to 
submit the question to tlie voters of the state. 


The present state of Indiana was comprehended w'ithin the Northwest 
Territory from 1787 to t8oo, and during that time the capital was located 
within the present state of Ohio. When the Ordinance of 17S7 was put m 
operation on July 17, 178S, the capital was established at Marietta, the name 
being chosen by the directors of the Ohio Company on July 2, of the same 
year. The name jNIarietta was selected in honor of the French ( Jueen, Marie 
Antoinette, compounded by curious combination of the first and last syllables 
of her name. 

Vv^hen Indiana was set oft by the act of ^lay 7, 1800, the same act 
located the capital at Vincennes where it remained for nearly thirteen years. 
The old building in which the Territorial Assembly first met in 1805 is still 
standing in Vincennes. In the spring of 181 3 the capital of the territory 
was removed to Corydon and it was in that quaint little village that Indiana 
began its career as a state. It remained there until November, 1824, when 
Samuel Merrill loaded up all of the state's effects in three large wagons and 
hauled them overland to the new capital— Indianapolis. Indianapolis had 
been chosen as the seat of government by a committee of ten men, appointed 
in 1820 by the Legislature. It was not until 1824. however, that a building 
was erected in the new capital which would accommodate the state officials 
and the General Assembly. The first court house in Marion county was built 
on the site of the present building, and was erected with a view of utilizing 
it as a state house until a suitable capitol building could be erected. The state 
continued to use the Marion county court house until 1S35. by wiiich time an 
imposing state house had l>een erected. This building was in use until 1877, 
when it was razed to make way for the present beautiful building. 



Indiana has had some of its citizens in four wars in which United States 
has engaged since iS'oo: The War of 1812, the Mexican War, the Civil 
War, and the Spanish-American War. One of the most important engage- 
ments ever fought against the Indians in the United States was that of the 
battle of Tippecanoe, November 7, 181 1. For the two or three years pre- 
ceding, Tecumseh and his brother, the Prophet, had been getting the Indians 
ready for an insurrection. Tecumseh made a long trip throughout the west- 
ern and southern part of the United States for the purpose of getting the 
Indians all over the country to rise up and drive out the white man. While 
he was still in the South, Governor ?Iarrison descended upon the Indians at 
Tippecanoe and dealt them a blow from which they never recovered. The 
P.ritish had been urging the Indians to rise up against the settlers along the 
friiutier, and the repeated depredations of the savages but increased the hos- 
lihtv of the United States toward England. General Harrison had about 
seven hundred tighting men, while the Indians numbered over a thousand. 
The Ame'-icans lost thirty-seven by death on the battlefield, twenty-five mor- 
tally wounded and one hundred and twenty-six more or less seriously 
wounded. The savages carried most of their dead away, but it is known that 
about forty were actually killed in the battle and a proportionately large num- 
ber wounded. In addition to the men who fought at Tippecanoe, the pio- 
neers of the territory sent their quota to the front during the War of 18 12. 
Unfortunately, records are not available to show the enlistments by counties. 

During the administration of Governor Whitcomb ( 1846-49) the United 
States was engaged in a war with ^Mexico. Indiana contributed five regi- 
ments to the government during this struggle, and her troops performed with 
a spirit of singular promptness and patriotism during all the time they were 
at the front. 

No Northern state had a more patriotic governor during the Civil War 
than Indiana, and had every governor in the North done his duty as conscien- 
tiously as did Governor Morton that terrible struggle would undoubtedly 
have been materially shortened. When President Lincoln issued his call on 
April 15, 1 861, for 75,000 volunteers. Indiana was asked to furnish 4.683 
men as its quota. A week later there were no less than 12,000 volunteers 
at Camp jNIorton at Indianapolis. This loyal uprising was a tribute to the 
patriotism of the people, and accoimts for the fact that Indiana sent more 
than 200,000 men to the front during the war. Indiana furnished prac- 
tically seventy-five per cent of its total population capable of bearing arms. 


and on this basis Delaware was the only state in the L'nion which exceeded 
Indiana. Of the troops sent from Inchana, 7,243 were killed or mortally 
wounded, and 19,429 died from other causes, makin;,^ a total death loss of 
over thirteen per cent for all the troops furnished. 

During the summer of 1863 Indiana was thrown into a frenzy of excite- 
ment when it was learned that General Morgan had crossed the Ohio with 
2,000 cavalrymen under his command. Probably Indiana never experienced 
a more exciting month than July (jf that year. Morgan entered the state in 
Harrison county and advanced northward through Corydon to Salem in 
Washington county. As his men went along they robbed orchards, looted 
farm houses, stole all the horses which they could find and burned consiflcr- 
able property. From Salem, Morgan turned with his men to the east, having 
been deterred from his threatened advance on Indianapolis by the knowledge 
that the local militia of the state would soon be too strong for him. He hur- 
ried with his men toward the Ohio line, stopping at Versailles long enough 
to loot the county treasury. Morgan passed through Dearborn county over 
into Ohio, near Harrison, and a few days later, :\Iorgan and most of his band 
were captured. 

During the latter part of the war there was considerable opposition to 
its prosecution on the part of the Democrats of this state. An organization 
known as the Knights of the Golden Circle at first, and later as the Sons of 
Liberty, was instrumental in stirring up much trouble throughout the state. 
Probably historians will never be al)le to agree as to the degree of their 
culpability in thwarting the government authorities in the conduct of the war. 
That they did many overt acts cannot be questioned and that thev collected 
fire arms for traitorous designs cannot be denied. Governor Morton and 
General Carrington, by a system of close espionage, were able to know at all 
times just Vvhat was transpiring in the councils of these orders. In the cam- 
paign of 1864 there was an open denunciation through the Republican press 
of the Sons of Liberty. On October 8 of that year the Republican news- 
papers carried these startling headlines : "You can rebuke this treason. The 
traitors intend to bring war to your home. Meet them at the ballot box 
while Grant and Sherman meet them on the battle field." A number of the 
leaders were arrested, convicted in a military court and sentenced to be shot. 
However, they were later pardoned. 

The Spanish-American War of 1S98 has been the last one in which 
troops from Indiana have borne a part. When President McKinlev issued 
his call for 75,000 volunteers on April 25, 189S. Indiana was called upon to 
furnish three regiments. War was ofificially declared April 25, and formally 

By E. V. Shockley. 





came to an end by the sif,Miin.t,'- of a pn^tocol on August 12 of the same year. 
The main cnt^a^'cmcnts of importance were the sea battles of Manila and 
Santiago and the land engagements of El Caney and San Juan Hill. Ac- 
cording to the treaty of Paris, signed December 12, 1898, Sj^ain relin<-|uishcd 
her sovereignty over Cuba, cedefl to the L'nited States Porto Rico and her 
other West India Island possessions, as well as the island of Guam in the 
Pacific. Spain also transferred her rights in the Philippines for the sum of 
twenty million dollars paid to her for public work and improvements con- 
structed by the Spanish government. 


It is not possible to trace in detail the political history of Indiana for the 
past century and in this connection an attempt is made only to survey briefly 
the political history of the state. For more than half a century Indiana has 
been known as a pivotal state in politics. In 1816 there was only one political 
party and Jennings, Noble, Taylor, Hendricks and all of the politicians of 
that day were groupeil into this one — the Democratic party. Whatever 
differences in \iews they might have had were due to local issues and not to 
any questions of national portent. Questions concerning the improvements 
of rivers, the building of canals, the removal of court houses and similar 
questions of state importance only divided the politidans in the carlv history 
of Indiana into groups. There was one group known as the White Water 
faction, another called the Vincennes crowd, and still another designated as 
the White river delegation. From 1816 until as late as 1832, Indiana was 
the scene of personal politics, and during the years Adams, Clay and Jackson 
were candidates for the presidency on the same ticket, men were known 
politically as Adams men. Clay men or Jackson men. The election returns 
in the twenties and thirties disclose no tickets labeled Democrat. Whig or 
Republican, but the words "Adams," "Clay," or Jackson." 

The question of internal improvements which arose in the Legislature 
of 1836 was a large contributing factor in the division of the politicians of 
the state. The Whig party may be dated from 1832. although it was not 
until four years later that it came into national prominence. The Democrats 
elected the state officials, including the governor, down to 183 1, but in that 
year the opposition party, later called the Whigs, elected Xoah Xoble 
governor. For the next twelve years the Whigs, with their cry of internal 
improvements, controlled the state. The Whigs went out of power with 
Samuel Bigger in 1843, ''^"d when they came into power again they appeared 



under the name of Rcpuljlicans in iSGi. Since the Civil War the two parties 
have practically divided the leadership between thcin, there having been seven 
Republicans and six DcnKJcrats elected governor of the state. The following 
table gi\es a list of the governors of the Northwest Territory, Indiana Terri- 
tory and the state of Indiana. The Federalists were in control up to 1800 
and Harrison and his followers may be classed as Democratic-Republicans. 
The politics of the governors of the state are indicated in the table. 


Of the Territory Northwest of the Ohio — 

Arthur St. Clair 1787-1800 

Of the Territorv of Indiana — 

John Gibson (acting) July 4, 1800- 

William H. Harrison iSoi- 

Thomas Posey 1812- 

Of the State of Indiana — 

Jonathan Jennings, Dem. 1816- 

Ratliff Boon, Dem. September 12 to December 5, 

William Hendricks, Dem. 1822- 

James B. Ray (acting), Dem. Feb. 12 to Dec. 11, 

James B. Ray, Dem. 1825- 

Noah Noble, Whig 1831- 

David Wallace, Whig 1837- 

Samuel Bigger, Whig 1840- 

James Whitcomb, Dem. 1843- 

Paris C. Dunning (acting), Dem. 1848- 

. Joseph A. Wright. Dem. 1849- 

Ashbel P. Willard, Dem. 1857- 

Abram A. Hamir.ond (acting), Dem. 1860- 

Henry S. Lane, Rep. January 14 to January 16, 

Oliver P. Morton (acting), Rep. 1861- 

Oliver P. Morton, Rep. 1865- 

Conrad Baker (acting), Rep. 1867- 

Conrad Baker, Rep. 1869- 

Thomas A. Hendricks, Dem. 1873- 

James D. Williams, Dem. ^^77- 

Isaac P. Gray (acting), Dem. 1880- 

Albert G. Porter, Rep. 18S1- 









Isaac p. Gray, Dem. 1885-1889 

Alvin P. Ho'vcy, Rep. 1889-1891 

Ira J. Chase factin'r). Rep Nov. 24, 1891 to Jan. 9, 1893 

Claude Matthews, Dem. 1893-1897 

James A. Mount, Rep. 1897-1901 

Winfield T. Durbin, Rep. 1901-1905 

J. Frank Hanley, Rep. 1905-1909 

Thomas R. Marshall, Dem. 1909-1913 

Samuel R. Ralston, Dem. 1913- 


Indiana was the first territory created out of the old Northwest Territory 
and the second state to be formed. It is now on the eve of its one hundredth 
anniversary, and it becomes the purpose of the historian in this connection to 
"ive a brief survev of what these one hundred years have dune for the state. 
There has been no change in territory limfts, but the orij^inal territory has 
been subdivided into counties year by year, as the population warranted, until 
from thirteen counties in i8'i6 the state grew to ninety-two counties by 1S59. 
From 1 81 6 to 1840 new counties were organized every year with the exception 
of one year. Starting in with a population of 5,641 in 1800, Indiana has 
increased by leaps and bounds until it now has a population of two million 
seven hundred thousand eight hundred and seventy-six. The appended table 
is interesting in showing the growth of population by decades since 1800: 

Per Cent 
Census Decades. Population. Increase. of Increase. 

1800 5.641 

1810 24,520 18,879 334-7 

1820 147.178 122,658 500.2 

1830 343.031 195.853 I33-I 

1840 685,866 342,835 99-9 

1850 988,416 302.550 44-1 

i860 1,350,428 362,012 36.6 

1870 1,680,637 330.209 24.5 

1880 1,978.301 297,664 17.7 

1890 2.192.404 214,103 10.8 

1900 2,516,462 324.058 14.8 

1910 2,700,876 184,414 7-3 


Statistics are usually very dry and uninteresting^, hut there are a few 
figures wiiich are at least instructive if not interesting^. For instance, in 1910, 
1,143,835 people of Indiana lived in towns and cities of more than 2,500. 
There were 822,434 voters, and 580,557 men Ixjtween the ages of eighteen and 
forty-four were eli.i^iblc for military service. An interesting book of statistics 
from which these tigures are taken covering every phase of the growth of the 
state is found in the biennial report of the state statistician. 

The state has increased in wealth as well as population and the total state 
tax of six thousand forty-three dollars and thirty-six cents of l8r6 increased 
in 1915 to more than six million. In 1816 the only factories in the state were 
grist or saw mills; all of the clothing, furniture and most of the farming tools 
were made by the pioneers themselves. At that time the farmer was his own 
doctor, his own blacksmith, his own lawyer, his own dentist and, if he had 
divine services, he hail to be the preacher. But now it is changed. The spin- 
ning wheel finds its resting place in the attic : a score of occupations have arisen 
to satisfy the manifold wants of the farmer. Millions of dollars are now in- 
vested in factories, other millions are invested in steam and electric roads, still 
other millions in public utility plants of all kinds. The governor now receives 
a larger salary than did all the state officials put together in 1861, while the 
county sheriff has a salary which is more than double the compensation first 
allowed the governor of the state. 

Indiana is rich in natural resources. It not only has millions of acres of 
good farming land, but it has had fine forests in the past. From the timber 
of its woods have been built the homes for the past one hundred years and, if 
rightly conserved there is timber for many years yet to come. The state has 
beds of coal and quarries of stone which are not surpassed in any state in the 
Union. For many years natural gas was a boon to Indiana manufacturing, 
but it was used so extravagcntly that it soon became exhausted. Some of the 
largest factories of their kind in the country are to be found in the Hoosier 
state. The steel works at Gary employs tens of thousands of men and are 
constantly increasing in importance. At Elwood is the largest tin plate fac- 
tory in the world, while Evansville boasts of the largest cigar factory in the 
world. At South end the Studehaker and Oliver manufacturing plants turn 
out millions of dollars worth of goods every year. When it is known that 
over half of the population of the state is now living in towns and cities, it 
must be readily seen that farming is no longer the sole occupation. A svs- 
tem of railroads has been built which brings every corner of the state in close 
touch with Indianapolis. In fact, every county seat but four is in railroad 
connection with the capital -of the state. Every county has its local telephone 


systems, its rural free deliveries and its good roads unifying the various 
parts of the county. All of this makes for better civilization and a happier 
and more contented people. 

Indiana prides hcrsel f on her educational system. With sixteen thousand 
public and parochial school teachers, with three state institutions of learning, a 
score of church schools of all kinds as well as private institutions ol learnmg. 
Indiana stands hiyh in educational circles. The state maintains universities 
at Bloomington and La fayette and a normal school at Terre Haute. Many ot 
the churches have schools supi^orted in part by their denominations. Ihe 
Catholics have the largest Catholic university in the United .States at Xotre 
Dame, while St. Mary s of the Wc.ods at Terre Haute is known all over the 
world' Academies under Catholic supervision are maintained at Indianapolis, 
Terre Haute. Fort W'avne, Rensselaer. Jasper and Oldenburg. The Method- 
ists have institutions at DePauw, :\loore's Hill and Upland. The Tresby- 
terian schools are Wabash and Hanover Colleges. The Christian church is 
in control of Butler and Merom Colleges. Concordia at Fort Wayne is one 
of the largest Lutheran schools in the United States. The Quakers support 
Earlham College, as well as the academies at Fairmount, Bloom ingdale, 
Plainfield and Spiceland. The Baptists are in charge of Franklin College, 
while the United Brethern give their allegiance to Indiana Central University 
at Indianapolis. The Seventh-Day Adventists have a school at Boggstown. 
The Dunkards at North Tvlanchester and the Mennonites at Goshen m.aintam 
schools for their respective churches.^ 

The state seeks to take care of all of its unfortunates. Its charitable, 
benevolent and correctional institutions rank high among similar institutions 
in the country. Insane asylums are located at Indianapolis, Richmond. 
Logansport. Evansville and ^ladison. The State Soldiers' Home is at 
Lafayette, while the National Soldiers' Home is at Marion. 

The Soldiers and Sailors' Orphans' Home at Knightstown, is main- 
tained for the care and education of the orphan children of Union soldiers 
and sailors. The state educates and keeps them until they are sixteen years 
of age if they have not been given homes in families before they reach that 
age. Institutions for the education of the blind and also the deaf and dumb 
are located at Indianapolis. The state educates all children so afflicted and 
teaches them some useful trade which will enable them to make their o\^•n 
way in the world. The Sch.^ol for Feeble Minded at Fort ^^'ayne ha? had 
more than one thousand children in attendance annually for several years. 
Within the past few years an epileptic village has been established at New 
Castle, Indiana, for the care of those so afflicted. A prison is located at 


Michigan City for the incarceration of male criminals convicted by any of 
the courts of the state of treason, murder in the first or second det^rce, and 
of all persons convicted of any felony who at the time of conviction are 
thirty years of age and over. The Reformatory at Jefferson ville takes care 
of male criminals between the ages of sixteen and thirty, who are guilty of 
crimes other than those just mentioned. The female criminals from the 
ages of fifteen upwards are kept in the women's prison at Indianapolis. A 
school for incorrigible boys is maintained at Plainfield. It receives boys be- 
tween the ages of seven and eighteen, although no boy can be kept after he 
reaches the age of twenty-one. Each county provides for its own poor and 
practically every county in the state has a poor farm and many of them have 
homes for orphaned or indigent children. Each county in the state also 
maintains a correctional institution known as the jail, in which prisoners are 
committed while waiting for trial or as punishment for convicted crime. 

But Indiana is great not alone in its material prosperity, but also in those 
things which make for a better appreciation of life. Within the limits of 
our state have been born men who were destined to become known through- 
out the nation. Statesmen, ministers, diplomats, educators, artists and 
literary men of Hoosier birth have given the state a reputation which is 
envied by our sister states. Indiana has furnished Presidents and Vice- 
Presidents, distinguished members of the cabinet and diplomats of world 
wide fame; her literary men have spread the fame of Indiana from coast 
to coast. Who has not heard of Wallace, Thompson, Nicholson, Tarking- 
ton, McCutcheon, Bolton, Ade, Tvlajor, Stratton-Porter, Riley and hundreds 
of others who have courted the muses ? 

And we would like to be living one hundred years from today and see 
whether as much progress will have been made in the growth of the state as in 
the first one hundred years of its history. In 2015 povertv and crime will be 
reduced to a minimum. Poor houses will be unknown, orphanages will have 
vanished and society will have reached the stage where happiness and con- 
tentment reign supreme. Every loyal Hoosier should feel as our poetess, 
Sarah T. Bolton, has said : 

"The heavens never spanned, 
The breezes never fanned, 
A fairer, brighter land 
Than our Indiana." 



The best discussion of the soils of Frankhn county is found in the 
Report of the State Geologist for 1909. This was written by A. E. Taylor 
after making an exhaustive study of the county. The report is given in full 
as it appears in that volume. 


The first settler of Franklin county erected his cabin at New Trenton 
in 1803. Eight years later the county was organized, and in 1818 a news- 
paper, known as the BrookviUc Enquirer and Indiana Gazette, was started 
at Brookville. Advancements have been slow in a large portion at Frankhn 
county. The railway facilities are poor, only fifteen per cent, of the wagon 
roads are improved, and agricultural methods and conditions are not as good 
as those of the other counties of the area of survey. 

Brookville, a town of about three thousand inhabitants, is the county 
seat and the leading manufacturing center. Among the chief manufacturers 
is the Thompson & Norris Paper Company, which employs ninety-eight men ; 
the Brookville Furniture Company, with sixty-five employes: the Brookville 
Buggy Company and the Freis & Sons Tiling and Brick Company. 

Oldenburg, with a somewhat smaller population than Brookville. is 
noted for its large Catholic school. The other towns of the area are small 
country villages. Southwest of Laurel are several stone quarries and another 
is situated east of Pcppertown. 

Franklin county has a population of seventeen thousand and covers an 
area of three hundred and ninety- four miles. There are about two hundred 
and ten thousand acres of land in farms. In 1908 near thirty thousand 
acres were planted in wheat, thirty-one thousand in corn, three thousand in 
oats, twelve thousand in clover, nine thousand in timothy, five thousand in 
potatoes, forty-one in tobacco and (^ne hundred and forty in alfalfa. In the 
orchards of the county there were over twenty thousand apple trees, seven 
thousand peach, two thousand cherry, one thousand pear and one thousand 
plum. There were approximately five thousand head of horses on hand 


January l. 1909, four hundred inuk-s, five thousand dairy cattle, four thou- 
sand beef cattle and nineteen thousand ho,!^s. About thirty-one thousand 
hogs and thirty-rt\e hundred shee]) were sold during 1908. 

Franklin count}- pmbalily has more standing timber than any of the 
contiguous counties. Among the trees still standing can be seen the black 
walnut, white oak, red oak. burr oak, chestnut oak, black oak, sycamore, red 
elm, white elm, sliijpcry elm. hickory. ])ignut, shelbark. white beech, yellow 
beech, red beech, white ash, blue ash, black ash, hoop ash, hackberry, yellow 
.poplar, white poplar, rock mai)le, white maple, red or swamp maple, butter- 
nut, wild cherry, honey locust, buckeye, blue gum, mulberry, red cedar, 
sweet gum, linden and cottonwood. 


The surface formations of Franklin county are largely made up of two 
glacial drifts belonging to the Pleistocene period. The older of these is the 
Illinoian. All of Laurel township, part of Whitewater and all of the surface 
lying west of Whitewater river and its west forks, with the exception of the 
steep slopes, stream terraces and some later drift in Posey township, are 
covered by the Illinoian dri ft soils. 

The surface of the Illinoian drift is that of a gently undulating plain, 
deeply dissected by stream valleys, differences of three hundred feet in alti- 
tude being common between the floors of the valleys and the tops of the 
ridges. It seldom exceeds thirty feet in thickness, and generally plays out 
entirely along a steep slope where washing has been a prominent factor. Its 
surface appears as a light gray silt, deeply oxidized. In fact, decomposition 
has been so complete that the limestone boulders and gravel are almost en- 
tirely absent, having been dissolved. Granite gneisses, diorites, basalts, 
quartzites and others of the crystalline gronp are occasionally present, but 
nowhere in such numbers as in the later Wisconsin drift. Xo dark colored 
land or other indications of undrained depressions occur on this drift, show- 
ing that complete oxidation of the vegetable accumulations has taken place 
subsequent to the drainage of all kettle basins, sloughs and marshes. 

The later \\'isconsin drift varies from ten to sixty feet in thickness. 
The undrained swamp areas and Miami black clay loam dottings are present 
in the northeast quarter of the county, and also a great variety of boulders. 
A few kames occur two or three miles south of Bl<3oming Grove. Like the 
older drift, it is a gentlv undulating surface considerably cut up by stream 


valleys in the eastern part, while in the western ami northwestern portions 
of the county it is coniparatixely level. 

The limestone outcropj)in.<4 in the hilltops west of Laurel and north of 
Brookville hclnngs to the .'Silurian jK'riod. while the blue limestone and shale 
appearing at the surface on alm(;st all of the steep slopes south of the Laurel 
outcrops, arc the Cincinnati formations of the Ordovician period. .\n oil 
well drilled one mile north of Hucna Vista passed through thirty-four feet 
of Illinoian drift, one hundred and five feet of Xiagara and Cincinnati 
limestones and seven hundred and si.x feet of Cincinnati shale before reach- 
ing the Trenton limestone. 


On account of the Illinoian drift being the surface formation over the 
large part of Franklin county in-^tead of the later Wisconsin, as in the case 
in contiguous counties, and the Cincinnati limestone being the formation 
from which the limestone slope soil has been derived, we meet some quite 
difil'erent types than those mapped in the other counties. The land derived 
from the Illinoian drift is known as the Oak Forest silt loam, while that 
from the later Wisconsin is the Miami silt loam or Miami black clay loam. 
The Huntington loam is the main bottom land, ninety-five per cent, of which 
occurs in the terraces and flood plains of White W^ater river and its^forks. 
The bottom land soils of the many narrow valleys among the smaller streams 
will be known as Hamburg loam, owing to their typical development in the 
vicinity of the \illage of I-Iamlnirg. 

The following table shows the extent of each of these soils : 


Soil. Square Miles. Per cent. 

Miami silt loam 140 35.5 

Miami black clay loam 10 2.-, 

Oak Forest silt loam 195 49.^ 

Limestone slope clay loam 24 6.1 

Huntington loam 20 5.1 

Hamburg loam 5 1.3 

Total 394 loo.o 




This suil a.-> it ajjpears at the surface is a light brown or dark gray to 
alnK^st while .silt loam extendin.t,' to a depth of six to eleven inches. It gen- 
erally has a loose, tlour-like feel, and the content of organic matter i^ very 
small, but in some localities where it is assfjciated with the .Miami black clay 
loam the color is dark and tlie amount of organic matter high. Where there 
is considerable wash, the soil is frequently more sandy than when found in 
the gently undulating i)lains. 

Below the i)low soil, and contiiniing to a depth of two or three feet, a 
mottling of white and yellow frei|uently occurs, the white color often Ixring 
a residual matter left when the limestone pebbles arc, or have been, in the 
process of decomposition. At a depth of thirteen inches the subsoil takes on 
a light brown color. It is more clayey than the surface soil and becomes 
more so at a de])th of sixteen inches, where it is a clay loaii>» Below this 
the clayey character plavs out. and at eighteen inches a silt loam or a sandv 
clay is found, which contiiuies to a de[)th oi three feet. 

Twenty-fi\'e years ago much of this land was considered to i)e fit for 
little more than grazing purposes. Corn crops of twenty bushels to the acre 
were as good as could i)e expected, but since tiling, crop rotation and green 
manuring have been put into practice, the corn yields have more than doubled. 
A very progressive farmer in White Water township say^ that some vears 
ago his farm would not product over twenty-five bushels of corn to the acre, 
but since tiling his land to a depth of four feet in the Miami black clay loam 
and three and one-half feet in the .Miami silt loam he can be reasonaJjlv 
certain of at least sixty bushels of corn to the acre. He keeps up a careful 
rotation of corn, wheat and clover, plows under cro])s of clover, and culti- 
vates his corn to a depth of two indies every few weeks until it is .-ilked 
out. By a careful selection of seed he will be able to continue to increase his 

By using commercial fertilizer, farmers realize an average wiieat jiro- 
duction of fifteen bushels to the acre. Oats average about thirtv bushels and 
clover or timothy one ton. 

Many of the Miann' black clay loam areas ha^•e. onlv in the last two 
decades, been reclaimed from the marshes. By careful tiling this soil has 
become the best for corn and most valuable of any in the countw .\ corn 
crop of sixty bushels to the acre is about an average for the better class of 
agriculturists, but wheat does not do as well as on the light-colored soils. 


1 he soil occurs as a licaw l<jam or day Irjani, with a depth varyinjj 
between cloven and sixteen inches. The c'>l(;r to a depth of one and one-half 
feet is l)lack. but heh^w this f,^rades rapidly into a heavy clay loam, which at 
two feet or a little tlee])er often f^rades into a sandy clay or loam. In other 
textural projjeriies it bears a close resemblance to the Miami black clay loam 
soil treated in tiie general discussion. 

The surface of the Miami black clay loam is practically level. Its oc- 
currence is found in all ])art.> uf the Miami silt loam area, but most especially 
in Rath, the eastern half of .Sprirgtield and the eastern (luartcr u* White 
Water tcnvnships. The average selling price of the land is about one hundred 
dollars per acre. 

A casual oIjser\ er might pass from the Miami silt loam to the Oak 
Forest silt Inani with<jut noting the change, but upon more careful e.xann'na- 
ticn the latter would he found to I;e a shade lighter in color, to contain less 
organic matter, less crystalline rock>, Uj have very few limestone i)j^)bles or 
boulders and to be underlain by a light colored subsoil, which has more 
segregati(jns of yellow iron stains and iron concretions. 

The average surface soil of the Oak Forest silt loam is a light a>hy 
gray silt loam, with a depth varying between four and eight inches, but on 
slopes the pale yellow mottled silt loam subsoil occurs at the surface over 
large areas. By tasting, the soil or subsoil almost invariably one detects a 
very tart taste, which indicates sourness. This soil and subsoil resemble 
very closely the Scottslnirg silt loam of Scott countv. Indiana. 

No land in the group (;f se\en counties of which Franklin is one has 
been so sadly neglected. Rarely is it tiled and very seldom is green manur- 
ing practiced. There is no systematic cropping. Corn is planted about the 
first of June, the land not being sufficiently dry earlier. Often the corn has 
not time to ripen l;efore the autumn frosts. More care should be exercised 
in the selection of seed and cultivation. Judging by the results that a few 
progressive farmers have realized by using up-to-date methods in carr}-ing 
on their farming, there remains no doubt but that this land can be made to 
yield fifty bushels of corn to the acre. Oats average about twenty-five 
bushels to the acre and wheat, by using commercial fertiliser, fifteen. 

Many farmers say they cannot build their soil up bv plowing under 
clover, because they cannot get a stand. Upon examining a number of clover 
fields the writer found that where manure had been stacked in little piles 
over the fields the clover grew heavy and the soil was not sour. The same 
held true wherever the manure had been heavily applied, but where thinly, 
or not at all. the acid had ngt been neutralized and the soil was sour. Tilin<^ 


or an application of lime will also sweeten the soil. As a hay, timothy is 
grown more than clo\er. 

Small fruit (jrchards are found on most of the farms and a few exten- 
sive fruit farms. One of these, u liicii is owned by D. O. Secrest. is situated 
three miles east of Andersonville. Mfteen years ago ninety acres of this 
farm were set out to apjjle trees which were planted thirty feet apart. They 
yield twenty-rt\e thousand bushels in a good year. Peach trees were set out 
between the a])ple trees o\er twenty-two acres of the ninety. These, in 1906. 
produced two thousand bushels. One acre set out to pear trees thirty feet 
apart yields six hundred bushels in an average year. 


This is the only residual soil of the area. It occurs as a dark brown to 
black silt loam, averaging from eight t(j sixteen inches in thickness. It 
contains a high ])ercentage of organic matter, and to this may be attributed 
the dark color. With increased de]jth the color becomes lighter, the subsoil 
at twenty inches having a light to medium brown color, while at two feet it 
is a light brown with a reddish cast. The subsoil from eighteen to thirty 
inches is more clayey than that at the surface, but below this may become 
rather sandy. 

Although the above section is the most uncommon, yet where the lime- 
stone is very close to the surface we find a black clay, changing very little 
in texture until the bed-rock is reached. In this case the soil has had its 
derivation wholly from the decomposition and disintegration of the lime- 

Owing to the topographical position on the main valley slopes, lime- 
stone slope clay loam grades into the Miami silt loam or Oak Forest silt 
loam at the upper portion of the slopes, while at the base it borders the 
Huntington loam or Hamburg loam. The origin of an average section 
seems to be mostly from the weathering of the Cincinnati limestone, to some 
extent from the wash of the silt loam above it, and in a few cases from the 
decomposition and disintegration of the underlying Cincinnati shales or the 
Laurel limestone. The effect that slumping, freezing, thawing, chemical 
reaction between the calcium carbonate of the limestone and the organic 
acids of the soil and other processes of disintegration are having upon the 
Cincinnati limestone, can be partly determined by the fact that E. R. Quick, 
living one and a half miles south of Brookville. in 1883 gathered a large 


amount of limestone talus from a hillside where today there is .fully as much 
as then. 

This type seems to be esi)ecially rich in plant foods, and is known, 
locally, as the tf^bacco soil, (jne thousand pounds to an acre often feeing 
realized. Xo soil in the county is as well adapted to blue grass. Corn also 
does well and alfalfa gives as good yields as on the bottom land. Probably 
the first alfalfa grown in the county was sown by Herman MuUer, living a 
few miles east of Cedar Grove, ab(jut twenty-four years ago. It yielded 
from four to five tons per acre. Where the limestone is close to the surface 
and the soil is so full of the fragments that it is considered untillable. and 
would be classed as a stony clay or stony clay loam, alfalfa has grown well. 

Owing to the very steep slopes upon which the limestone slope clay 
loam occurs the soil wash is very great, and a decade will leave the fields 
almost bare and w-orthless unless great precaution is taken. More care 
should be given v.hen plowing so that the water cannot run in furrows. 
Crops like tobacco and corn are dangerous to the preservation of the soil, 
because they leave the ground bare for a considerable interval. In the long 
run, blue grass and alfalfa would be more profitable, since they would hold 
the soil in place. 


For te.xture and colors of the Huntington loam and its subsoils, the oc- 
currences in Franklin county are much like those described elsewhere, but 
the topographical occurrence differs somewhat from the other counties in 
that the upper terraces are so much higher above the flood plains than in the 
other six counties. The fourth terrace, which has its development on the 
east side of White Water valley, south of Brookville, is one hundred feet 
above the bed of the river. At the surface it is a rich farming loam of 
seven to seventeen inches, grading into a fine sandy loam and at two feet into 
a sandy loam. At two and one-half feet it is a fine sand. Underlying this 
is ten to twenty inches of a tough }ello\v clay containing gravel, and lower 
down occurs boulder clay of a bluish gray color. The third terrace is about 
seventy-five feet above the stream bed and is more sandy than the fourth, 
while the second is the most extensive and furnishes a splendid grade of 
farming land. The first terrace averages about twenty feet above low- 
water mark and also takes its rank, in many places, as a most excellent farm 
land. Four miles south of Rrookvillc a well was drilled in this terrace to a 
depth of one hundred and fifty feet before bed-rock was reached. 

The best farmers of the Huntington loam raise an average com crop 


of sixty bushels, ulicat fntirtccii. aiul alfalta four and a half tons. This soil 
is well adapted t<j Ifjhacco. hut it is not considered equal to the limestone 
slo])e clay hjani. Althoui^di the land is very porous, and manures will leach 
away rapidly, yet the applicatinn of stable manure, green manures and com- 
mercial fertilizer is reported to pay well for increasing the producti<jn. 

The selling i)rice of this type varies from fifty dollars to one hundred 
and twenty-five dollars per acre. 


Found in the l)ottonis of tlie narrow valleys of the smaller streams on 
the west side of White Water river and its west forks, is a mixture of lime- 
stone talus, which lias washed down from the valley sides, with the wash 
from the Oak b'orest silt loam. On the east side of Whitewater the lime- 
stone talus is mingled with the wash from the Miami silt loam. Tb.e texture 
varies from a loam to a stony loam. 

Where there is a widening of the bottoms, so that agriculture can l>e 
carried on, crops ecpial to those produced an the Huntington loam are ob- 
tained, but these areas are vcr\' limited and comprise only small portions of 


Dr. Rufus Haymond, of Brookxille. who was at one time assistant 
geologist in the scientific cor])s of the state, made a professional survev of 
the natural features of I'ranklin county about 1870, which has ever been 
considered as standard authority up to that date of research, and concerning 
the ancient earthworks of this county he remarks as follows: 

There are few earthworks, except mounds, found in this countw Three 
miles m^rth of I>rookville. and immediately west of the East fork, upon the 
top of a hill nearly three hundred and fifty feet high, there is a semi-circular 
wall of earth three hundred yards in length. It is built across a narrow- 
ridge which is formed by two deep ravines, one on the south, the other on 
the north, which, with the river on the east, isolate the flat top of the hill 
(containing fifteen or twenty acres), to protect the inhabitants from an 
enemy approaching from that direction. 

There are ([uite a number of earthen mounds in the countv. hut none 
of large size. 1 have seen none more than four feet in height and manv of 


them -arc not more than three or ff)iir feet hij,'h. Those on the highlands 
bordering,' the river are uni formally upon the highest places, and always in 
view of the ri\er and its valley. These mounds are so situated with refer- 
ence to each cither, that a person stajiding on a mound in the most northern 
part of the county. o\erlookiu,c,' the valley of the river. ojuUI see the next 
mound below him. and from the second the third was in view, and so on 
with all the others, thus forinini,^ a chain of observatories, from which the 
approach of an enemy could be tclegra])hcd with great celerity from one to 
the other, either by smoke or some other intelligible -ignal. Though these 
mounds were used for burying niouiids. I have no doubt they were also 
used as signal posts. Very probably these signals were made l)y fire, for the 
clay of which thev are composed in some cases has been burned to near the 
color of brick. 

The Mound Builders were a people possessing rare good taste, which is 
evidenced bv the situation of their mounds. These were always built in 
pictures(|ue positions — either on the highest grounds or in the valleys upon 
the edges of the liighest ri\cr terraces overlooking the water and the lower 
portions of the \alley. 

Two miles l)elow Rrookville there are. within the distance of two fur- 
longs, upon the edge of the highest river terrace, nine small mounds. Be- 
sides these nine, which appear to have been completed, there is one barely 
commenced and abandoned. The commencement was made by digging up 
the earth to the depth of a])out twelve inches, which was then thrown out 
from the center and heaped up around the circumference forming a circle 
within, on which the superstructure was to be erected, and which has very 
much the appearance of a shallow basin. It was in these basins that the 
dead were burned, or rather partly burned, for they were not usually en- 
tirely consumed. Xot many mrmnds in this neighborhood have been thor- 
ouglil)- explored, and in such as have few contain anything more than bones 
and charcoal. In two of them bracelets of copper were found and in some 
others a pipe or two. One of these, found in a mound eight miles below 
Brookville. was said by those who found it to have still retained the scent of 
tobacco: if this be true, it conclusively ])roves that these people used tobacco 
as well as their successors, the modern Indian. There are upon many of the 
high points, mounds of stone which have been erected by a dift'erent people 
from the Mound Builders. These contain vast ([uantities of human bones, 
both of adults and children, as well as the bones of squirrels, skunks and 
other small animals. These were not probably the burial places of the dead. 


but a collection of their bones, broui^lit together from many places for final 

Since the organization of a local society, much attention has been given 
to this interesting suJjject ])y Dr. George \\'. Homsher, of I'airfield. who is 
the curator of this department. A survey of the entire county, with a care- 
ful study of all details and materials, is included in the jjlan of operation. 
This labor has so far been extended over the township of Springfield. 
Brookville, Bath and Fairfield only, I)ut with results highly satisfactory to 
the observers. 

On this small area no less than forty-two distinct works have been 
noted, and in many cases ex])lored. Many interesting, and some rare, speci- 
mens of the relics and the handiwork of the ancient builders have been re- 


The blue limestone is the lowest rock that has been exposed at the bot- 
tom of our streams in Franklin county. It underlies the whole region, and 
is the only rock found in the southeastern third of the county. This lime- 
stone, with its accompanying marls, is about four hundred feet thick at 
Brookville, about a mile north of which place it disappears under a dral> 
limestone, from six to twenty inches thick. 

The surface of the county was originally almost a level plain, which is. 
now varied and cut up by ravines, valleys and streams that have worn them- 
selves during the long ages of the past. Beyond the heads of the streams, 
where the table-land has not I^een changed by running water, the liighest 
land is so flat as to almost deserve the name of marsh or swamp. Yet these 
lands are not too wet to produce good forest timber. Thus it will be api)ar- 
ent that there is no such thing as hills or mountains, yet to a person in the 
valleys, or ravines, the rapid slopes give every appearance, it being a hilly 
country, originally. 

The blue limestone in Franklin ct}unty, as I have observed it. is found 
in strata varying from less than an inch to twelve or fourteen in thickness. 
These layers seem to the eye to be nearly horizontal, and can occasionallv be 
traced for half a mile, where the outcrop is found bordering the streams 
and run parallel to the dip. 

It is a curious fact that, notwithstanding the immense number of rocks, 
from the l<^west point we can observe to near the tops of the highest levels, 
comparatively few loose stones are found at tlie surface. The hills and 
slopes of the valleys are covered with clay and other diluvial matter, in all 


respects identical with that found upon the uplands, and. strange enough, 
thous^h so near the lime ruck, the soil of the hillsides, as is the case in all the 
uplands and flats, seems t(j be devoid oi lime — a fact scarcely credible when 
we consider the immense amount of tliis mineral immediately below the sur- 
face. If lime ever existed in any considerable quantity in these uplands 
(which is doubtful) it has been leached out during the lapse of ages by the 
constant percolation of water charged with destructive chemical agents, ever 
since their deposition. The probaljility is that those lands, which are so defi- 
cient in lime, would be benefited Ijy the application of the marls found ever}-- 
where between the njcks, and that those which have been exhausted by cul- 
tivation might, by a proper application of lime and manures, be restored to 
their original fertility. 


The superficial material resting upon the rocks above described consists 
mostly of yellow clay, mixed more or less with small pieces of broken lime- 
stone, gravel from the primitive rocks, and, in a few localities, almost pure 
gravel is found: in others, sand, and frequently sand and gravel mixed. In 
no instance on the uplands or tops of the hills do the rocks penetrate through 
these materials, and we find them only where the drift has been worn away 
by the action of the streams. The drift varies from four or five feet to 
forty or fifty feet in thickness upon the upland. The slopes of the vallevs 
and side-hills seem to be covered with drift similar to that upon the high 
grounds, but not of equal thickness. In digging wells on tb.e uplands, the 
roots and bodies of trees are frequently found at various depths from ten 
to thirty feet. Occasionally, limbs and leaves are found, with vegetable 
mold at various depths. 


Bowlders of granite, hornblend. greenstone, and almost everv species 
of metamorphic rock, are found all over the county, upon tlie highest as well 
as the lowest land. They are always found upon the surface and never be- 
neath, except when under slides or terraces of washed-down gra\el and 
sand". I have seen a few granite bowlders that would square five feet : they 
are, however, generally much smaller, and are usually worn round bv at- 


l^pon the hillsides, parallel to the course of the main river, and upon 
all of its branches, there 'are Ijenclies of ancient terraces — upon the river- 

I;' , 


slopes usually I)ut tun or three, but upf-n the smaller streams there are 
more. 1 ha\e counted as many as ten upon a side-hill bordering' lUue creek. 
Upon these ancient benches or beaches we find no gravel or sanrl, nothing 
but soil, cla\s and rocks /// .v;7//. On the main river, throu:,'hout its course 
in the county, there are from two to tour terraces composed of gravel, sand. 
broken limestone and small bowlders. The terraces or lower bottoms 
are usually noi nicjre than ten to twelve feet aljove the water; the highest 
ranging from seventy to eighty feet. Where the terraces occupy the points 
just above the river and its tributary, we find the lower ends comjiosed of 
fine sand, drifted in strata, first to the east, then to the west, as though they 
had been washed up by the waves and heaped upon each other, as the wind 
changed from east to west. 


Xo mineral springs of medical character are known to exist in this 
county, with the exception of a few which contain a small amount of iron, 
with possiljly a small percentage of saline sulphur. Springs of any kind 
are much fewer than we would sus])ect from the configuration of the coun- 
try. I think tlie limited number may be accounted for by the fact that all 
the rock strata, as well as the marl beds, are divided by vertical seams, which 
allow the water to pass through them. It is true there are in this county 
quite a number of S])rings, but they are not by any m.eans so numerous as I 
have observed them in other hilly countries. The water of all our springs 
contains a quantity of lime, and is, therefcjre. familiarly called "hard water."" 
The blue clay marl beds are too numerous to be mentioned, for everv- 
one observes this material. In one locality, in Laurel township, there is a 
bed of whitish or cream-colored marl, about eighteen inches thick, lyim,- im- 
mediately aliove the "clift"," or De\-onian rocks. Also in I-^airfield township, 
one and one-fourth miles from the mouth of Wolf creek, there is a bed of 
white marl, varying in thickness from six to thirtv-six inches. 


In both Laurel and Posey townships there have been discovered along 
the banks of .Seine creek and its branches, traces of gold in verv small par- 
ticles. In a wash-pan of dirt about two or three particles of pure gold are 
washed out. None has been discovered larger than a small grain of wheat. 



Gold has also been found (jii Dutk creek, thoii;:^!! in small particles. The 
gold is usually found accompany iuji; the black sands. 

A single piece of copper was fuund. weighing about six pounds. This 
evidently was brought here from the copper regions of the Xorthern lakes 
by the drift process. 


Seventy to eighty years ago (about i£'35) salt was made at four dif- 
ferent places in I'ranklin county. \one of the present generation, and but 
few of the preceding gencratinn, recall those saltworks. Three of these salt 
wells were on Salt creek — two on the farm of George and David Hawkins, 
section 4, township ir, range 12 east, and one on the farm of .Mexander 
Hawkins, in the same section. The latter is the well of which the largest 
amount of salt was matle. The fourth well was on Pijje creek, section 8. 
township 10, range 13 east, in P.utler township. These well.-v were situated 
in the blue limestone and clay marls of the lower Silurian group. On the 
hills near them is found the magnesian and bituminous nodular series. The 
saline element was not of sutiicicnt strength to make the pr.iduction of >all 

The l)elief was so strong among early settlers that lead existed here in 
paying quantities, that n:r)st of the early deeds had a "lead reserve clau^e"" 
inserted in them. But careful research has proven the mistaken notion and 
no lead exists in the county. 


In every part of the county, says the geologist, clay of a good quality is 
found for brick-making. Bricks are made on the uplands of the fine-grained 
yellow and whitish clay of first rate (juality. Many have been made at 
Brookville on the fiat lands, Imt these occasionally contain fragments of 
lime, which make them only suitable for inside walls. 

Stone, generally known as "blue Cincinnati limestone." is abundant 
everywhere and is tb.e surface rock in this county. It is a valuable and very 
■durable stone, but there are but few strata thick enough to make the quar- 
ries a paying proposition. The thin layers have long been used in walling 
wells and laying foundations. Many of thicker strata are so shelly and 
composed of broken corals and fossils that thev are not suited to ordinarv 
stone-mason work. The thin strata was originally largely used for flagging 
the side walks, until the more recent introduction of cement side walks. 



Up to within a C()mparati\ely few years, this fla^^-stonc industry was one of 
much importance in the comity. The most valuable building stone in the 
county is found near Laurel and at priints in Posey township. This stone is 
of the same formation as the Dayton stone, so e.xtensivelv used in construc- 
tion in Cincinnati. Greensburg and other places. This has been usually 
classed with the Niagara stone, but others class it with the Devonian forma- 
tion. This stone has I)een extensively quarried twj or three miles northwest 
of Laurel, on the southeast quarter of section 5. township 12 north, range 12 
east. Adjoining the old \'illage of Bull Town. Posey towmslu'ij, in .section 1.3, 
township 12. range 11 east, is prohal)ly the most westerly quarrv of this 
stone ever developed. But little stone is being taken from anv of the 
Franklin quarries at present. Better stone elsewhere and poor shipping 
facilities here, with lack of capital, probabl}- are some of the causes. 

_ /^rCAiJvL G:ajiii.lLu-Io\^nJt.Llu«^__Li^_Fra."JLlijQ-.iLiai«<j»-_LL- 



BrOO )\y/ I Lf.E 

-9 / 


VYhixe: K(i\-ter 


FrAIHKLHH OouN~rY ON Janunrr^ L?, IQ I lo. 




Franklin county was the seventh county orf,^anize(l within the present 
limits of Indiana and was one of the thirteen counties which had been or- 
ganized at the time the territory appHed for an enabling act in 1815. All 
counties during the territorial period (1800-16) were either created by the 
governor or the territorial Legislature. During tiie first five years the gover- 
nor created the counties, but after the Legislature was organized, in 1S05. it 
took over the creation of counties. They were organized as fast as the in- 
crease in population demanded them, but it was not until 1810 that. Dearborn 
county was populated sufficiently to warrant its division. 

There are four separate tracts of land within the present limits of 
Franklin county, representing four distinct purchases by the L'nited States 
government from the Indians. The first land which was bought from the 
Indians was secured by the treaty of Greenville, August 3. 1795. This treaty 
line was drawn from the mouth of the Kentucky river in a northeasterly di- 
rection to Fort Recovery and entered Franklin county in Highland township, 
between sections 15 and 35, and passed out of the county as a Ixiundary line 
between Blooming Grove and Fairfield townships. The land included within 
these limits now embraces all of Fairfield. Bath. Springfield. White Water, 
practically all of Highland and three-fourths of Brookville township. This 
land was entered from Cincinnati until the land office was established in 
Brookville in 1820. 

The second tract of land in Franklin county which was secured by the 
government from the Indians was accpiired by the treaty at Grouseland (near 
Vincennes), August 21, 1805. This includes a triangular tract in four town- 
.ships, as follows: Ray (section 15. and fractional sections 10, 16 and 17) : 
Butler (sections 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. 9. 11. 12. 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 33 and fractional 
sections i, il, 28, 32 and 36) ; Brookville (sections 27, 34 and fractional sec- 
tions 22, 23, 26 and 35) ; Highland ( fractional sections 3. 10 and 15). 

It was the purchase of the third tract of land which led directly to the 
•organization of Franklin county. This was the Twelve-mile Purchase, which 
-was concluded bv Harrison at Fort Wayne. September 30. 1809. This tract 



included a .slrip twelve miles in uidili. lyin- west of the [795 treatv line. It 
entered l-rnnklin cunuv at the M.uth in .ection _'_>. Ray township, and passed 
out of the county in M.Ttion 'r r,f I'oscy township. It is the second largest 
tract in the munty n hich ^'.as purrhnserl from the Indians and includes all of 
Bloominy finne. Aletamora and Laurel townships, as well as the greater por- 
tion of Salt Creek and Ray tou nshipv There are also jtart of Cutler. Hrook- 
ville and INjsey townships within this tract. 

The fourth and last Indian cession, which includes a part of Tranklin 
county, was concluded at St. Mary's. Octr.her 2-6. rS;,S. This ], from 
the Indians included the largest tract ni laud which was ever secured from 
them in Indiana and is known in history as the Xew Purcha>e. There are 
only parts of three townshijjs in Franklin county which fall within this fourth 
tract, namely. Ray. Salt Creek and Po^ey. 

The Twelve-mile Purchase of iNoo practically doubled the area of Dear- 
born county and. as has been previ<<usly stated, led directly t., the division of 
the county and the formation of Franklin and Wavne out of its northern 
half. When the territorial Legi^latur- met at \'incenne.s. on X.jvember 12, 
1810. there was present a group of men wh.i were desirous of organizing vxo 
new counties out of Ucari)orn and Clark, these counties being Franklin and 
Wayne. Solomon .Manwaring ^vas a councilor from Dearborn count\- and 
the same man who had sur\eyed Brookville in 1S08. One of the three' terri- 
torial representatives from Dearborn comity was John Templeton. who re- 
sided in what is now Franklin county. It is safe to presume that Amos 
Butler and others interested in Brookville real estate and business 
were either present themsehes or had able representatixes to look after their 
interests. At least within fifteen days after the Le-islature had met fXo- 
vember 27, iSio) Franklin county was created. Templeton. who was. by 
the way, a son-in-law of Robert Flauna. had the honor of giving the new 
county its name. As originally estabh^hed. the countv included all^the terri- 
tory between the Ohio line on the east and the Twelve-mile line of 1809 on 
the west. The southern limits of the county have never been changed, but 
as It was organized in 18 10 it extended nine miles further north and Tncluded 
a large part of w hat is now b'ayette and L-nion counties. The act estabIi^hincr 
the county is as follows : " 

"Section i. Be it enacted, etc.. that from and after the hr^t day of 
February. 181.. all that part of Dearborn and Clark counties which is in- 
cluded m the following boundaries shall form and constitute two new coun- 
ties; that IS to say. beginning at the corner of townships 7 and 8 on the line 
of the State of Ohio; thence north until the same arrives at Fort Recoverv • 

'I '■ . ..-!;;i )> 


thence irom I'orl Recovery soulluvarflly with the Hue of the western bound- 
ary of the purchase made at I'urt Wayne in the year 1809, until the same 
intersects tlie northern hounchiry of the purchase made at Grouseland : thence 
northwardly with the ]i\v- of tlie la>t named purchase until the same arrives 
at a point where a (kie east-and-we.>l line will strike the cr^rner of town 7 
and 8 on the aforesaid state of Ohi<j line. 

"Section j. That the tract of country included within the aforesaid 
boundary he and the same hereby is divided into two separate and distinct 
counties by a line bei^innin.c^ at the corner of towns 1 i and u. on the line of 
the state of Ohio, and from tlience west until it shall intersect a line of the 
western boundary of the before-mentioned purchase <>f l-\jrt W'avne : and 
that from and after the first day of February, 181 1. the tract of country 
falling within the s(JUtlKTn dixision there(;f hhall be known and designated as 
the county of I'ranklin, ar.d the northern division lhere(jf shall be known and 
designated by the name and style of the county of Wayne. 

"Section 3. That for the ])urposc of fixin*,^ the ])ermanent .seat of 
justice in and for the .-aid count)' of l-'ranklin. James .\dair, Uavid Hover and 
Elija!'! Sparks be and they are hereby ajipointed C(jninn\sioner> whose dutv it 
shall be to convene at the town of }>rookville, in the said countv <if bVanklin. 
on or before the first Monday (jf May next, and beinj^ first duly sworn to 
discharge the duties enjoined on them by this act without favor, affection or 
partiality, before some justice of the peace of said county, legallv commis- 
sioned, shall proceed to fix on the most convenient and eligible place for the 
permanent seat of justice for the same. 

"Section 4. That so soon as the place for holding the courts for said 
county shall be established agreeably to the above .section, the judges of the 
court of common pleas for the said county shall immediatelv proceed to erect 
the necessary public buildings for the same at such place, in the .same manner 
as is required by law in other counties ; and after the public buildings are so 
erected, the court of said county shall adjourn to the .said place at their next 
term after the same sliall be completed, which shall become and is herebv 
declared to be the permanent seat of justice of the said countv of Franklin." 


There was pnjbably no ([uestion Init that P)rookville would lie selected 
as the county seat, although there is a tradition to the effect that the town 
of Fairfield indulged in some county-seat aspiration. This tradition must be 
the result of a disordered imagination, since at the time Fairfield was laid out 


in 1815 there w.'is hciiii,' coiiiijlctcl at llrook^illc what was probably the I>est 
court house in the state at the time. It i:-, true that Fairheld was nearer the 
center of the county as it was originally laid out and that it was the center ot 
the liea\iest |)opulatioh oi the count\- in r8ri. f-fowevcr. as soon as Drook- 
ville was selected as the count}- seat in iSii there could certainly have l>een 
no hope on the part of those who w i^hed the seat of justice placed at what was 
later Fairfield. Scores of ln<hana counties have had difficulty in gcttin.i,' the 
county seat located, hut hrankhn county has never exi)erienced any trouble 
along this line. 

Franklin county secured its present territorial limits as a result ni three 
separate legislative acts, hayette county was organized by the act of Decem- 
ber 28, 1818, and began its independent career un the first day of the follow- 
ing year. This took off a strij) nine miles wide lying between the Twelve- 
mile line of i8og and the line dividing. The erection c^f Union county by the 
legislative act of January 5, i8ji, took off a tract nine miles wide lying be- 
tween the Ohio line and b"a\ette county. The third legislative act which 
helped to define the present limits of the county was passed as result of the 
New Purchase of October, 1818. A triangular strip about two miles and a 
half wide and sixteen miles long was added to Franklin c(nmty by the Legis- 
lature of 1823 and on February 11. of that year, the commissioners oi the 
•county attached it to P(jsey township. The organization of the various town- 
ships of the county is given in detail in the separate chapter dealing with the 
townships. Unfortunately, the first records of the countv are missing and 
there is no way of telling w hat the limits of the first townships were, although 
it seems certain that Brookville. Posey and Bath were the first three town- 

There is no way of knowing how many people lived in Franklin countv 
when it was organized on I'ebruary i. 1811. It is fair to presume that there 
were at least five thousand people in the county; the census of 1815 credited 
the county with 7,370 people and a voting population of 1.430. At this time 
Franklin county was second only in population to Knox and had thirtv-nine 
more voters than that county. By 1820 Franklin county had increased to a 
population of 10.703 and at that time was the third in the state in population, 
being surpassed by Wayne (12.119) ^"d Dearborn (11.468.) During the 
■next decade Franklin county passed through a terrible crisis and hundreds 
of its best people left tlie county, yet the census of 1830 gave it a population 
■of 10,990. However, it was still fcmrth out of the sixty-two counties then 
organized, being passed by Wayne (18,589). Dearborn (13.955). ^"tl Jef- 
ferson (11,465). The census of Franklin county by decades since 1880 is as 
follows : 


/?0OK VI /LLE 

<► / 

VYbi'iT-E /Watc 

L/m lO r( 



Fram HLIN CoLinTY orn J'uu-Y lla, lSl(a 

Trj\mklim CouN-ry o/N May '2., IB/ 7. 


Townships. 1880 

Bath 754 

Blooming Grove 795 

Brookville 2.525 

Brookville town r.809 

Butler t.402 

Fairfield 818 

Highland 1.827 

Cedar Grove 

Laurel 1.866 

Laurel town 

Metamora 1,040 

Posey 1,034 

Ray 2.47S' 


Salt Creek 1.247 

Springfield i .464 

]Mt. Carniel -_ 

White Water 1,446 










65 r 

2 242 







1 .07.3 









1.4 1 2 




















1 . 1 30 

1. 118 






I . r 50 

The voters of Franklin county exercised their rights of franchise for 
the first time in the state of Indiana, .\ 5. i8r6. At this time all town- 
ship, count\- and national officers were voted for by the electors of the 
countv. The following is a summary of the election of August 5. 1816: 

Governor — 

Jonathan Jennings 506 

Thomas Posey 53 

Lieutenant-Governor — 

Christopher Harrison 463 

John \'awter 69 

Congress — 

William Hendricks 449 

Allen D. Thorn 40 

State Senator- — 

William H. Fads 278 

John Conner , 237 



State Representative — 

James Xi)ljle 518 

David Almiiits 320 

Arehibald Cjuthrie 133 

James Young \ 197 

Coroner — 

James Brownlee 422 

Joseph Northrup 112 

Robert Hanna 426 

John Allen 118 

It will be noted tliat five hundreil and fifty-nine votes were cast for gov- 
ernor, this being the largest numlier of votes cast for any one official. In 
addition to the ofticials aliove listed, tlie electors voted for justice of the peace 
and county commissioners, but the record of the vote on these has not i)ceii 
found. The county treasurer, listers, pound kee[)ers, collector of county and 
state revenue, road sujjervisors, fence viewers, o\erseers of the poor, inspec- 
tors of flour and p<jrk and constables were appointed. 

Court procedure was materially changed by the 1816 Constituti(jn and 
was really made simpler. The circuit court was placed in charge of a presi- 
dent judge, elected l)y the state Legislature, and two associate judges, elected 
by the various counties. In 18 16 there were only three circuits in the state, 
for at that time there were only fifteen ccmnties in the state. The clerk of the 
court was appointed by the Legislature f(jr a term of seven }ears. The old 
county court was abolished and its duties placed in the hands of a ijoard of 
three commissioners ; the common ])leas court was absorbed by the circuit 
court, or rather the duties of the old circuit and common pleas courts were 
performed by the new circuit court. 

The first circuit court under the new constitution met in March. 181 7, 
with John l>st as president judge and Joh n Jaco bs and John Hanna as asso- 
ciate judges. Enoch McCarty and Robert Hanna were clerk and sheriff, 
respectively, of the court. The grand jury was composed of (>eorge Rudicil, 
John Stevenson, Stephen Gregg, Powell Scott. Samuel Arnet. Solomon Shep- 
perd, Ebenezer Howe, John Miller. Thomas Clark, Michael Cline. \\'illiam 
Evans. Jacob Sailors. John Hawkins, Samuel ]\lcCowe. Thomas W'ainscott, 
Israel W. Pionham, Thomas William. ]'A\n Case and Michael C. Snell. 



A history of the courts and the lawyer.s would not he complete without 
mention of the fistic cncoutiters of some of the followers of Black.stone. Xot 
all of their lashings were intlicted I)y their tongues, since it appears from the 
court records that their fists were fre(|uently called into action. In the sprinjj 
of 18 1 7 four of Brookville's lawyers got tangled up in a series of arguments, 
which finally brought them before the bar of justice. James McKinney and 
Miles C. Eggleston were the first pugnacious couple to stage an encounter. 
Records are not available to show the fight by rounds, but the court records 
say that they were Ijrought before the curt, pleaded not guilt}', and asked 
for a trial by jury. Whether they got fi\e dollars' worth of satisfaction out 
of their encounter is not known, but it took that much to satisfy the court. 
The other pair of local attorneys to wage a personal combat in the spring of 
1 81 7 was James Noble and Stephen C. Stephens. They, too. met on the field 
of battle and were later fined five dollars for engaging in such bellicose activi- 
ties. As has been mentioned before, fighting was a very common oft'eiise in 
the early history of the county; Init this is to be noted — the followers of the 
sport invariably used nature's weajjons and very seldom was the knife or gun 
called into action. A lost of the legal business for the first two or three \ears 
in the county was in the hands of Hendricks, Noble, Mclvinney. Stephens, 
Eggleston and Lane. Of course. Noble and Hendricks were in Congress 
while it was in session, and this fact undoubtedly made them the highest- 
priced lawyers of the county. 

The Constitution of i8i6 placed the general affairs of the county in the 
hands of the Ijoard of three commissioners and this board assumed all the 
duties performed by the old territorial county court. The first board of com- 
missioners was composed of Enoch D. John, Samuel Riickafellar and James 
Wilson and met in L'>rook\ille for the first time, February lo. 1817. Their 
first action was to define the limits of si.x townships which had been previously 
organized, namely : \\'hitewater. Brookville, Posey, Bath, Union and Con- 
nersville. The definition of the limits of these townships and the ordering 
of an election in each township for justices of the peace was all the busin.ess 
transacted by them at their first session. Changes in township boundaries 
and the creation of new townships continued down until Septemlier 5, 1S49. 
when the last two townships, Butler and ]\Ietamora, were organized. .All of 
these changes are set forth in detail in the history of the various townships. 

Generally speaking, tiie main work of the commissioners during the 


early history uf the county was ccjncenied witli tlic laying out of roads, the 
appointment of petty (^tficials and the issuance of licenses to tavern and store 
keepers. There was not much liti.i,'ation in either the circuit or conitnission- 
ers' court and if a mathematical conchision is permissible, the hi'^torian. after 
a perusal of tiie records, ventures to assert that four-tifth.-> of tlie civil cases 
were for tnisdemeanors. such as trover, covenant, trespass and deht. In 
1817 the commi-^sirmers' records speak oi a man who is confined in a jail for 
debt. In those days the ,t;Mssiper had to be <)n lier guard, since any charge she 
might make against one of lier wa>> very apt to bring her into ccnirt. 
In 1817 a woman, whose rei)Ulation was not of the best, was accused bv one 
of her neighliors of being, among things, a thief, anrl she ])roniptly 
brought suit and her defamer was ordered to jiay her eight hundred dollars 
to satisfy her wounded feelings. 'I'lie man falsely accused of li<jg-stealing 
collected all the way from one to twr* thousand dollar^ if his accuser was 
unable to prove the charge. One is led to think that such dra>tic acti(jn would 
prove an excellent thing in kji^ e\en as it did a hundred year> ago. 

C0NSTiTUTio.\.\r. cox\i:.\Tioxs OF 1816 AX[) 1850. 

Franklin comity had been in e.xisteiice five years when Indiana was ad- 
mitted to the Union and had had members in the territorial Legi^-lature of five 
different sessions, namely, the sessions beginniiig as follows: Xovember 12. 
i8ii; February r, i8f3; December 6, 1813: August 15, 1814: December 4, 
1815. The count}- was ably represented in the Legislature from the begin- 
ning and when the constitutional convention of t8i6 met at Corvdon on 
June ro, Franklin count}' had ii\e of the alilest men who sat in that body. 
These were \\'illiam H. Fads, a mem])er of the committee on impeachments: 
Rol)ert Hanna, Jr.. a member of the committee on constitutional revision and 
militia: James Xoble, a meml)er of the committees on judicial and legislative 
matters and militia : James FJrownlee, a member of the committee on executive 
functions: Fnoch ^TcCarty. a member of the committee on the distribution of 
powers in the government, and on militia. Two of these men later became 
United States senators from Indiana, Xoble and Hanna. X'oble served from 
1816 to 183 1, dying in the middle of his third term, and his lifelc>ng friend. 
Hanna. was appointeil by the governor to fill out his unexpired term. 

Franklin county was represented in the constitutional convention which 
met at Indianapolis. October 7. 1850. and remained in session until I'ebruary 
10, 185 1. During the eighteen weeks that this con\ention had been in session, 
there had been little else talked about. A new instrument of government was 



produced, which, while it was a i^reat improvement upon the C(jii.-.titution of 
1816, yet cannot he c.jnsidercd as a c^reat constitution. .\n effort was made 
hy referendum vote in the fall of 1914 to call a constitutional convention, but 
an adverse vote was returned. 


In the recorder's office at Brookvillc is preserved the tract book contain- 
ing all of the entries of the Ohio survey. This includes all of the land 
in the county between the treaty line of 1795 and the Ohio hue. '1 here is 
probably no more interesting old volume in the court hotise tlian liiis, for here 
may be seen the names of each entry, the date of same, the number of acres 
entered, the number of the final certificate and the exact location by -ection, 
township and range. The sections varied in size from one hundred and two 
to one hundred seventy-one acres, the greater portion of tliem ranging from 
one hundred forty-six to one hundred sixty-one acres. The list here given is 
arranged by vears rather than l)y sections, as is given in the original tract, 
book : 

Tozvnship 8, Range i, IVcst. 

1803 — Benjamin McCarty, sec. 32. 

1804 — Isaac Levy, sec. 29. 

1805 — Aljraham Pledsoe. sec. 2; William VanMeter, sec. 35: Joseph 
Siers, sec. 11. 

1806 — Henry Ramey, sec. 13; Benjamin McCarty, sec. 18; Xathau Por- 
ter, sec. 19; John Allen, sec. 29; Samuel Moore, sec. 10. 

1807 — Michael Rudicil. sec. 26; John Sailor, sec. 18. 

1808 — Moses Wiley, sec. 9; William Ramey, sec. 24; John Caldwell, 
sec. I. 

1809 — Samuel Moore, sec. 10; Elmore William and Leon Sayre, sec. 19. 

18 10 — Jones & Vanblaricum. 

181 1 — Benjamin Abraham, sec. i; John Allen, sec. i; John Allen, sec. 
2; William McDfMinel, sec. 6; Allen Spencer and James Wiley, sec. 11; 
William Remy. sec. 11; John Cloud, sec. 12; Thomas ^McQueen, sec. 13; 
Thomas jMcQueen. sec. 14: John \^anblaricum, sec. 29. 

1812 — James and John Caldwell, sec. 2; Thomas Milholland. sec. 6; 
David and Eli Penweli. sec. 12; Joseph Williams, sec. 12; John Sater, sec. 
12; Peter Hann, sec. 14; John Standsbury. sec. 23: Henry Sater. sec. 24; 
James Remy, sec. 25. 

18 1 3 — William Wilson, sec. 3; James Milholland, sec. 6; William Rus- 



ter, sec. lo; William IJ. and John S. Allen, sec. ii; George Rudicil, sec. 17; 
Jonathan Hunt, sec. 19; John Standsbury, sec. 23; John Larrison, sec. 23; 
Joseph Summers, sec. 24; John Foutch, sec. 27; Samuel Weber, sec. 28; 
William Remy, sec. 35; Israel Davis, sec. 35; Israel Davis and Frederick 
Shotty, sec. t,^. 

1814 — John Wolley, sec. i; Silas W'oolley, sec. 2; William Well, sec. 
3; Joseph Siers, sec. 4; Prince Jenkins, sec. 5; Prince Jenkins, sec. 6; John 
Welch, sec. 7; Mathew Sparks, sec. 10; William Siers. sec. 10; John Wood, 
sec. i^; James Finle\'. sec. 14; James Remy, sec. 24; Morris Sealey, sec. 
25; John Hays, sec. 25; James Gold, sec. 25; James Remey, sec. 26; Caleb 
Keeler, sec. 26; Lemuel Snow, sec. 2~ ; Lemuel Snow. Jr., sec. 2/; Lemuel 
Snow, sec. 2'/: John \'an1)laricuni, sec. 2^: Lemuel Snow, sec. 28: Georqe 
Larrison, sec. 2S ; Xathan Richardson, sec. 33: Henry fiarncr. sec. 34; Ab- 
ner Conner, sec. 34: Andrew Bailey, sec. 36: Robert M. Seely, sec. 36. 

181 5 — James Stewart, sec. 3; Mathew Sparks, sec. 4; James Montgom- 
ery, sec. 4; Jonathan Winn, sec. 7: Joshua Quile, .sec. 9; Fbenczer Lewis, 
sec. 9; Joshua Quile, sec. 9; Isaac S. Swearingen, sec. 15: Isaac S. Swear- 
ingen, sec. 15; David K. Este and Andrew Bailey, sec. 17: William Hudson, 
sec. 18; Isaac Swearingen, sec. 22; Israel Da\ is, sec. 2^: William Smith and 
Simon Gulley, sec. 26: John H. Rockefellar. sec. 31: 1. and William Wat- 
kins, sec. 2^: Ralph Wildrige, sec. t,t,: William Lewis, sec. 36: Joseph Hoop 
and Michael Flowers, sec. 36. 

1816 — Hugh Moore, sec. 8: James anrl Josiah Lowers, sec. 14: Manuel 
Chambers, sec. 17; Oliver Benton, sec. 18: Joseph Peter, sec. 20; Thomas 
Clark, sec. 20; J^Iichael Rudicil, sec. 21; Richard Hubble, sec. 22; Thomas 
Mannering, sec. 31 ; James Jones, sec. 31. 

1817 — William Burke, sec. 3: Abiah Hays. sec. 19; Joseph Hamion, 
sec. 20; Benjamin George, sec. 21; Richard Flubble. sec. 22; Robert Mc- 
Koy and George M. Brown, sec. 30; James Jones, sec. 30; Robert McKoy 
and George M. Brown, sec. 30; Alexander Abercrombie, sec. ^t,. 

1818 — William Lemmon, sec. 4: Peter B. ^^lilespaugh, sec. 5: Jacob Fel- 
ter, sec. 5; Stephen Craig, sec. 5; William Lowes, sec. 15; Philip Yost. sec. 
17; Ralph Reiley. sec. 33; Benjamin Lewis, sec. 34. 

1819 — John Siely, sec. 15; John IVIcComb, sec. 20. 

Tozvnship 9, Range i, IVcst. 

1804 — John Ramey and Robert Scantland, sec. 27; John Ramey, 
sec. 28. 



1806— James Heath, sec. 28; William Cloud, sec. 31; John Coulter 
and William Rail, sec. 33. 

1807— Edward White, sec. 23; Thomas Morgan, sec. 24; Dennis 
Duskey, sec. 29 ; J.jhn Crowel, sec. 32 ; John Clendining, sec. 33. 

1808 — Andrew Shirk, sec. 13. 

1809— Richard Kolb, sec. 18: Philip Wilkins, sec. 24; Samuel Hamil- 
ton, sec. 21. 

1810 — Adam Reed, sec. 5: Daniel Reed, sec. 6; Daniel Reed, sec. 7; 
Moses Reardon, sec. 14. 

181 1 — James Ferrel, sec. 3; Stephen Gardner, sec. 3; James McCaw, 
sec. 3; Daniel Currie, sec. 4; Gideon Wilkinson, sec. 4; Philip Jones, sec. 
9; Gideon ^^'ilkinson, sec. 9; Gideon Wilkinson, sec. 9; Cornelius Wiley, sec. 
10; Samuel :McCray, sec. 10: William Ardery. sec. 14: William McDonald, 
sec. 19; Richard Cockey, sec. 20; Robert Luse, sec. 22; William Arder>-, 
sec. 23; Josiah Beall, sec. 21 : Robert Fossert. sec. 34; Chester Harrel, sec. 35. 

1812 — Charles Burch, sec. 2 ; Alexander Filford. sec. 2 : Henry Burget. 
sec. 3; Lemuel Lemmon, sec. 4; William and Abraiiani Hetd.rick. sec. 7: 
Thomas Osborn, sec. 8; William Amistrong-, sec. 9; Richard Colli\er, sec. 
10; John Milner, sec. 10; Adam Carson, sec. 11; George Todd and James 
McNutt, sec. 13; Moses Rardon, sec. 14; Thomas Seldridge, sec. 14: An- 
drew Shirk, sec. 17; Walter Tucker, sec. 18; Thomas Gregg, sec. 20; Joseph 
Cillev, sec. 23; Isaac Wood. sec. 25; Joseph Cilley, sec. 26: Stanliope Roy- 
ster, sec. 26; Amos Atherton. sec. 27; Arthur Henrie, sec. 34. 

1813 — Mathew Smith. Jr., sec. i ; Thomas Craven, sec. 2: William Xel- 
■son, sec. 5 ; James Wood, sec. 5 ; Jonathan Stount. sec. 8 : Adam Mow. sec. 
8; Bryson Blackburn, sec. 11 : Charles Cone, sec. 12; Charles Cone, sec. 12: 
Elijah Atherton, sec. 15; Abraham Timberman, sec. 18; John and Christo- 
pher Stroubel, sec. 18: W'illiam Clark and Stephen Gregg, sec. xg: Andrew 
Shirk, Jr.. sec. 22 ; James Recs. sec. 23 : John McOuire. sec. 25 ; Ithamer 
White, sec. 26; Robert Gray, sec. 26; Thomas Shaw, sec. 27; Jacob Fausset. 
■sec. 27: Isaac Wamsley, sec. 28; Abner Leonard, sec. 29: Benjamin Hinds, 
sec. 29; Joseph L. Carson, sec. 30; William Seal. sec. 31: James Seal. sec. 
31; John Rees, sec. 34; Benjamin Wood, sec. 35: James McCord. sec. 35: 
William Snodgrape, sec. 36: Jacob Hiday, sec. 36: Benjamin Abrahams, 
■sec. 36. 

18 1 4 — Samuel Bourne and Benjamin Crocker, sec. i ; Ezra L. Bourne. 
■sec. I ; William Ferguson, sec. i : Jeremiah Abbott, sec. 2 : William P. Swett. 
■sec. 4: AValter Tucker, sec. 6: John Wanderlick. sec. 6: Joiin Wanderlick. 
■sec. 6; William Hetdrick. sec. 7: Joab Howell, sec. 7; Enoch D. John, sec 



8; Lewis Bond, sec. 13; Mary Denny, sec. 13; Lewis Bond, sec. 17: Kebert 
John, sec. 17; James (ioudie, sec. 19; P. S. Symmey (assigned to Joseph 
Merrill), sec. 19; Richard Cockey, .sec. 20; John Carson, sec. 20; En<x;h D. 
John, sec. 20; R(<l)erl Luse, sec. ii\ John Goldtrap. >ec. 25: John Chivini(t< 'n, 
sec. 29; Jcjlin ['i)\\ors. sec. 31 : Zachariah Davis, sec. }^2\ .Me.v.ander I-'urgu- 
son. sec. 2^1,; Christo])her Hansel, sec. 36. 

1815 — Benoni Goble, sec. 15; Abner Goble, sec. 15; James Stcvvart. sec. 
17; Thomas Reeds, sec. 20; Joseph Kingery, sec. 26; William F'.irljes. sec. 
T.'j; Robert Pettycrew. sec. 31 ; James Stevens, sec. 33: David Jones, sec. }^}^; 
Lemmuel Lemmon. sec. 35. 

1816 — John Spear, sec. 10; James Dunn. sec. 20; John Ross. sec. 28: 
Andrew Orr an.d John Hatfield, sec. 2S ; Samuel Huesion, sec. 33: Robert 
Ross, sec. 34; Samuel Huston, sec. 34: William Ruffin (assigned to John 
Pitman), sec. 35; Rphraim Tucker, sec. 35. 

181 7 — John Sunderland, sec. 28; John Sunderland, sec. 28. 

TozvnsJiip 8, Range 2, West. 

1804 — Williain Arnett. sec. 4 ; James McCoy, sec. 4. 

1805 — Leth Goodwin, sec. 2 ; James Adair, sec. 3 : William Wilson. ,-,ec. 
3 ; John Milholland. sec. 3 ; Samuel and Charles Scott, sec. 3. 

1806 — William Henderson, sec. 4; Anthony Halberstadt, sec. ic. 

1807 — Allen Ramsey, sec. 14. 

1808 — No entries. 

1809 — No entries. 

1810 — John Quick, sec. 2: John Connor, sec. 11 ; John Connor, sec. 13; 
John Connor, sec. 14. 

181 1 — Briton Gant, sec. i; William Lynes, sec. 4; William Helm, sec. 
13; Thomas Clark, sec. 13; Stephen Goble, sec. 14. 

1812 — John Leforge, sec. 10; John Schank, sec. 11. 

1813 — Henry Case, sec. 2; John Stafford, sec. 6; Elliott Herndon. sec. 
6; Samuel, sec. 10; Moses Cougar, sec. 12; George Singherse, sec. 12: 
Lesmund Basye, sec. 8. 

1814 — Thomas Milholland. sec. i: John Quick, sec. 2: John Hale and 
Lewis Deweese, sec. 5 : Nathan Henderson, sec. 7 ; William Jackman. sec. 
12; Nathaniel Henderson, sec. 18: Edward Carney, sec. 26: William Ram- 
sey, sec. 26; John Mercer, sec. 27: Nicholas Pumphrey, sec. t^^i'- Nicholas 
Puniphrey. sec. 34; Daniel Harty. sec. 35. 

1815 — William H. Eads, sec. i: David Gayman, sec. 5; Ryleigh Wood- 


worth, sec. 9; Timothy and Ansclin Parker, sec. 12; Robertson Jones, sec. 
25 ; WilHani Fread, sec. 26. 

1816 — Thcjmas Henderson, sec. 5; Solomon Allen, sec. 5; Solomon 
Shephard, sec. 8; Daniel tloshrook, sec. 8; Harvey Bates, sec. 8; John and 
Jacob Hacklenian, sec. 9; Jolm Fugit, sec. 11; Jolm Ward, sec. 13; John 
Jasen, sec. 14; John W. Morrison, sec. 17; Peter Priff)gle. sec. 18: Corbly 
Hudson, sec. 25 ; Eli Brooks, sec. 27. 

1817 — Samuel C. Vance, sec. 6; Stephen Butler and E. P. Smith, sec. 
7; Adam Nelson, sec. 9; James and John Andrew, sec. 9; Zachariah Co<^ksy. 
sec. 10; David E. Wade, sec. 17; John Hays, sec. 23; Jacob Hays, sec. 2^; 
John B. Chapman and James Price, sec. 24 ; John Ayers, sec. 24 ; John Page, 
sec. 24; William Knowley, sec. 25; Levi Fortner, sec. 26; Samuel Price, sec. 
27; Reuben Clearwater, sec. 2-- J<"jbn Halberstadt, sec. 32; Samuel Price 
and William Mints, sec. 35 ; William Mints, sec. t,^. 

1818 — John Stafford, sec. 17; George W. Matthews, sc-c. 19; Nicholas 
Longwbrth, sec. 20; Robert Douglass, sec. 22; William Cummings. sec. 27; 
Uzziah Kendall, sec. 28 : John Atkinyon and William \\'alkcr. sec. 28 ; Brad- 
bury Cottrell and Joseph ^IcCafferty. sec. 28; William Stephenson, sec. 29: 
Phineas J. Johnson, sec. 29; Job Harrison, sec. 29; John Davis, sec. 29: 
Charles Flarrison, sec. 30; Henry Dougherty, sec. 30; George W. Shank. 
sec. 31 ; Corbly Fludson, sec. 36. 

1819 — Jonathan "Moore, .sec. 19; Edward Blackburn,, sec. 31: William 
Davis, sec. ^2 ; Joshua L. Sparks, sec. 36. 

Township 9, Ra)igc 2, JVcst. 

1804 — Robert Templeton. sec. 4: James Taylor, sec. 9: Thomas Wil- 
liams, sec. 19; Amos Butler, sec. 20; John Ramey, sec. ^2; Solomon Tyner. 
sec. 33 ; William Tyner, sec. 33. 

1805 — Jobn Logan, sec. 9; John .Allen, sec. 29; Amos Butler and Jesse 
B. Thomas, sec. 29; Samuel Arnet, sec. 32; Thomas Henderson, sec. ^2: 
Thomas Henderson, sec. 32 ; John Brown, sec. 33. 

1806 — Agness Taylor, sec. 3 ; William Henderson, sec. 8 : David Bell, 
sec. 8; John Vincent, sec. 19; Amos Butler, sec. 20; Amos Butler, sec. 20; 
Amos Butler, sec. 29 ; Abraham Hackleman. sec. 34. 

1807 — Solomon Tyner, sec. 2j. 

1808 — James Knight, sec. 17; John Kennedy, sec. 19; John Norris, sec. 
19; Amos Butler, sec. 20: Benjamin McCarty, sec. 21; James Moore, sec. 
30; John Penwell. sec. 31. 

1809 — No entries. 


1810 — Tliomas Skinner, '-cc. 7; James Kniglit and Joscpli McGinnis, 
sec. 17. 

181 1 — Joseph Thor]). sec. 8; J(isci:)h Uareknian, sec. 10; Jacob Crai^. 
sec. 11; James Knic;lit, Jr., sec. 17: William Barr and William Kiift'iii. sec. 
17; Amos Butler, sec. 21: .\rtiuir Ilenrie, sec. 25; Davifl Penwell. sec. 27; 
Micajah Parke, sec. 28; James Mc^^iinnis and James Xoble. sec. 2^\ Rucjgles 
Winchill, sec. 28; John Kennedy, sec. 28; Thomas Williams, sec. 30; John 
Richardson, sec. 33; John Collins and William McCoy, sec. 34; Georg'c An- 
thony, sec. 35. 

1812 — Lismunfl Bas}e, sec. 3; Ruhert Ttni])!et<)n, sec. 4: Anthony Hal- 
berstadt. sec. 22. 

1813 — Robert Glidwell, sec. 3; Lesmund Bayse. sec. 8: James Log^an. 
sec. 10; Carson & Love, sec. 2;^; Andrew Reed, sec. 25: James Goudie. sec. 
25 ; Charles Vancamp. sec. 35. 

1814 — Richard Keene. sec. 30: .Vrchiljald Falb<>ti, sec. 30; Jubn Molli- 
day, sec. 30; David McCiaumhey. sec. 34: Robert Blair, sec. 35. 

1815 — John Smith, sec. 5; Alexander Tilford. sec. ri: Thomas Bond, 
sec. 12; Enoch Buckingham, sec. 15; Enoch Buckingham, sec. 21: Stephen 
Davis, sec. 29: Xixon Oliver, sec. ^2: Samuel Dui^ans. sec. 36. 

1816- — George Rab, sec. 21: Samuel Stewart, sec. 28: George Wallace, 
sec. 31 ; Henry R. Compton. sec. 7,2. 

1817 — James Port. sec. 12: Peter and Elijah Updike, sec. 15: Samuel 
F. and Jesse Hunt. sec. 15; Steijhen Craig', sec. 22: Cornelius Simonton. 
sec. 22; Benjamin Blue, sec. 25; Benjamin Tucker, sec. 32. 

Tozi'uship 10. Range i. West. 

1805 — Abraham Miller, sec. 21; Daniel ^Miller, sec. 21; Daniel Hansel, 
sec. 21 ; Christopher liansell ; John Miller, sec. 12. 

1806 — Peter Davis, sec. 7; Peter Davis, sec. 8; William Crawford, sec. 
13; Abraham Hamman, sec. 13; Jacob Rake, sec. 13; Samuel Howell, sec. 
18; James Reedy, sec. 18: Joseph Nelson, sec. 18: Jonathan Copeland and 
Tames Berry, sec. 19: James Crooks, sec. 24; Thomas Burke, sec. 26: Chat- 
field Howell, sec. 30; Carmick Galligan and Hyren Campion, sec. 30; Wil- 
lard Dubois, sec. 30 ; Chattield Howell, sec. 30. 

1807 — Abraham Durst, sec. 12: Abraham Lee, sec. 36. 

1808 — John Deiiman. sec. 13; Samuel Ayers. sec. 19: Abraham Jones. 
sec. 36. 

1809 — William Dinniston. sec. 14; James Baxter, sec. 2^\ John Harper, 
sec. 25 ; James Baxter, sec./ 26. 


1810 — William l.capcr, sl-c. 10; John Miller, sec. 12; John Miller, sec. - 
14; William Stephc-ns, sec. 14; Isaac Coon, sec. 14; Moses Maxwell, sec. 
19; Joseph Lee. sec. 23; William Stephens, sec. 27; John and Chatfield 
Howell, sec. ^j ; Andrew Conielison, sec. 32; David Gray, sec. 36. 

181 1 — John McCluken, sec. 9; Thomas Harper, sec. 11; Flint & Gar- 
ret, sec. 19; John I'lint, sec. 20; John Flint, Sr., sec. 20; James Ea.xter, sec. 
25; John Moss, sec. 25; Benjamin Hargereder, sec. 31. 

1812 — Morris Witham, sec. 8; Joshua Williams, sec. 8; Christopher 
Smith, sec. 2^; Al)el Dare, sec. 29; Lemuel Lemmon, sec. 34. 

1813 — John Ra}', sec. 7; James Currie, sec. 10; John Hilf;eld. .-ec. 18; 
Jacob Rell, sec. 2t,; John Morris, sec. 26; ChristO[)her and George Hansel, 
sec. 27; John Flint, Sr., sec. 29; Adam Nelson, sec. 31; Samuel Kain, sec. 
32 ; Lemuel Lemmon, sec. ^t, ; William Goff, sec. 34. 

1814 — James Ford}ce, sec. 7; William Coe, sec. 7; Christopher Smith, 
sec. 8; John Kell. sec. 9; James and Thomas R. Smiley, sec. 9; William' 
Denni-ston, sec. 9; Closs Thompson, sec. 10; David Black, sec. 11 ; John Mc- 
Cord, sec. 17; Jonathan W. Powers, sec. 17; James Smith, sec. 17: Jacob 
Bell, sec. 22; Christian Gerton, sec. 22; Joshua PLarris, sec. 27; Robert Bris- 
bin, sec. 29; John W^ills, sec. i ; James Stevens, sec. 1 : Ezekiel and William 
Powers, sec. i; Elias Baldwin, sec. 2; Jacob Stair, sec. 2; David Smith, sec. 
2; John Tharp, sec. 5; W'illiam H. Eads, sec. 5; William ^Morris and Stacy 
Fenton, sec. to; Richard Cockey. sec. 11 ; Peter Ambrose, sec. 12; William 
Crooks, sec. 12; David Smith, sec. 13: James Wallace, sec. 13; John Allen, 
sec. 14; John Allen and Benjamin IMcCarty. sec. 14: Andrew Bailey, sec. 14: 
Benjamin McCarty and John Allen, sec. 15: Jonathan McCarty. sec. 15; Fir- 
min Smith, sec. iS; William Butler, sec. 21: John Kelsey, sec. 22; David 
Black, sec. 23 ; Amos Baldwin and Joseph Riche, sec. 25 : ArchibaUl Tal- 
bqtt. sec. 26 ; Peyton S. Symmes. sec. 26 ; John Fledlcy. sec. 26 ; Isaac Kim- 
my, sec. 27: Isaac K. Finch, sec. 2~ : Jacob Hetdrick. sec. 30: James Xoble. 
sec. 30; Eli Stringer, sec. 31; Thomas Henderson, sec. 31: David Clear- 
waters, sec. 31 ; John Collin, sec. 35; Mary Milholland. sec. 36; Aloses Finch, 
sec. 36 ; Mary Milholland. sec. 36 ; Enoch McCarty. sec. 36. 

181 5 — William Dubois, sec. i : Enoch Buckingham, sec. i : Enoch Buck- 
ingham, sec. 3; Blaksslee Barns, sec. 9; Jacob ClearAvater. sec. 10; Enoch 
Buckingham, sec. 11; Daniel Haymond. sec. 12; Jacob Stout, sec. 13: 
Thomas Baldwin, sec. 13: Daniel G. Templeton. sec. 27,: David Graham, sec. 
23; David Hays. sec. 24; Abel White, sec. 24: Enoch Thompson, sec. 24; 
"Enoch Buckingham, sec. 24. 

1816 — Robert Templeton, Jr., sec. 5; Peter Gerard, sec. 5; Robert Arch- 


ibald, sec. 6; Alexander Cnmining, sec. 14; Lewis Bishop, sec. 15; David E. 
Wade, sec. 22; David Bradford, sec. 35. 

i8j7_David Oliver, sec. 11; Samuel F. Hunt and William C. Drew, 

sec. 21. 

Tozvnsliip 10, Range 2, West. 

1804 — Joseph Hanna, .sec. 9; James Taylor, sec. 9; William Logan, 
sec. 28; Robert Templeton, sec. 28; Robert Hanna. sec. 28; Robert Hanna, 
sec. 33. 

1805 — John Ewing, sec. 17. 

1806 — George Hollingsworth, sec. 9; George Hollingsworth. sec. 10; 
William Dubois, sec. 11; John Dickeson. sec. 11; Alexander and Isaac Du- 
bois, sec. 12; James Piper and Joel Williams, sec. 13: Jacob Bloyd. sec. 17; 
Obadiah Estes, sec. 33; Robert Glidewell. sec. 34. 

1807 — No entries. 

1808 — Amiriah Elwell, sec. 12; Thomas O.sbourn. sec. 21. 

1809 — Isaac and Benjamin Willson, sec. 21 ; Hugh Abernathy and Wil- 
liam Rusing, sec. 21. 

1810 — Thomas I. Norman, sec. 24. 

181 1 — Jacob Dubois, sec. Ji; Daniel Willson, sec. 12: Clark Bates. r>ec. 
13; John Flint, sec. 24; Robert White, sec. 24: Arcliil)ald :Morro\v. sec. 27; 
Benjamin Nugent, sec. 27; Ralph Williams, sec. ^^2 ; Robert Hanna. sec. 33; 
John Hornaday. sec. 34. 

1812 — James Pipes, sec. 14; George Johnston, sec. 21 ; John Smith, sec. 
23; William, Henry, Charlotte and. John Gibbs, sec. 24: James and Joseph 
Stephens, sec. 36. 

1813 — Thomas Hervey, sec. 29; John Dickeson. sec. 34; William Lnnes, 
sec. 35 ; Jacob and Christopher Kiger. sec. 35. 

1814 — Abraham Elwell, sec. 10: Reuben Scarlock, sec. 10: William 
Coomes, sec. 12; Clark Bates, sec. 13: W'illiam Popenoe, sec. 14: John \\'hits- 
worth and John Keeley, sec. 14: James Watters, sec. 20: Robert Green, sec. 
23; Vincent Davis, sec. 23; Richard Freeman, sec. 25; Daniel Osborn. sec. 
Daniel Powers, sec. 27; William Rusing. sec. 29; Joel Belk. sec. 29; Robert 
Hanna. Jr.. and John Negent. sec. 32; Emery Hobbs. sec. 32: John Huttman. 
sec. 33 ; Daniel Powers, sec. 35 ; Stephen Gardner, sec. 36 ; Aaron Frakes. 
sec. 36; John Watty, sec. 36. 

1815 — William Abernathy. sec. 10; Jacob Newkirk. sec. 14: John Reily. 
sec. 23 ; David Powers, sec. 2T, ; Isaac Sellers, sec. 26 ; Thomas Powers, sec. 
32 ; William Harvey, sec. 35. 

'I'<\ < Hi 



i8j6_Thomas Thomas, sec. 8: Mathew Brown, sec. 17; John F.sher. 
sec. 20; Henry Todd, sec. 27; Isaac Buckley, sec. 29; David Erb, sec. 30. 

i8i7_Thonias Oshorn, sec. 22: James Gordon, sec. 31. 

i8i8-E7.ekiel Ruse. sec. 15; Wilie Powell, sec. 15; James Oshorn. sec. 
15; William H. Kads. sec. 15; J^.nathan Basscti. .sec. 27. 

Toivnship 9, Range 3, West. 

1804-18 14— No entries. 

1815-Isaac Fuller, sec. 12; William C. Drew and Isaac Eisbee. sec. I, 
David Brown and Samuel C \'ance. sec. 13. 

Township 10. Range 3, West. 
1806-McCarty & Gilman. sec. 25 : Benjamin ^IcCarty. sees. 13-24: Sam- 
uel F. Hunt and \\'illiam C. Drew, sec. 36. 

Township 10, Range 11, East. 

1804-1817—X0 entries. 

1818-Nicholas Longworth, sec. 3: X. Longworth and Moses Brooks. 

sec. 10. 

Toivnship 11, Range 11. East. 

1804-18 14— No entries. 

181 5— Joshua Rice. sec. 36 ; Edmund Adams, sec. 24; Thomas Lindman. 
sec. 25: Lyman B. House, sec. 35; George W. Jones atid George W. Hmds, 

sec. 36. 

TozvnsJiip 12. Range 11. East. 

1 804- 18 14 — No entries. 

i8i3_Robert Dickcrson. sec. 12; Robert Dickerson, sec. 13. 

Township 10, Range 12, East. 


1804-1816 — No entries. 

181 7— William George, sec. 4: Nicholas Longworth and G. Taylor, sec. 

7; William Steele, sec. 4. 

Township 11, Range 12, East. 

1804-1810 — No entries. 

181 1— William Henderson, sec. 4; Eli Allen, sec. 9: Andrew bpencer, 

sec. 9. 


i8i2 — Alexander Speer, sec. 4. 

181 3 — No entrie.s. 

1814 — Isaac Step, sec. 4; ]<Am Campbell, sec. S: David Lewis, sec. 17; 
Nathan Lewis, sec. 17; David Nelson, sec. 24; John Hawkins, sec. -'9; Bar- 
tholomew Fitchpatrick, sec. 30. 

iSj- — John Hawkins, sec. 4; Eli Allen, sec. 8; John Miller, sec. 17; 
William Marlin, sec. 20; Jacob Burnet and A. Bailey, sec. 20; Joseph C. Feed- 
er, sec. 30; Joseph C. Reedcr, sec. 30. 

Township 12, Range 12, East. 

1804-1810 — No entries. 

1811 — Archibald Guthren, sec. 3; Samuel Garrison, sec. 3; William 
Smith, sec. 3 ; Elijah Lynipus. sec. 3 ; James Agnis, sec. 9 ; Robert Russell, 
sec. 9; William VanMeter, sec. 21 ; James McCoy, sec. 21 ; Hugh Brison. >ec. 
22; James Russell, sec. 24; William Gordon, assigned to Thomas Curry, sec. 
25 ; William Gordon, sec. 25 ; Artcma D. Woodworth, assigned to Charles, 
sec. 26; Artema D. Woodworth, sec. 26; Artema D. Woodv.orih. .-ec. 26; 
George Willson, sec. 26; John Connor, sec. 27; James W. Bailey, sec. 27; 
George Crist, sec. 2y, Michael Manan, sec. 28; Eli Stringer, sec. ^^^ Jacob 
Manan, sec. 34; William Floor, sec. 35; George Adams, sec. 35: George 
Guiltner, sec. 36; John Reed, sec. 36; Larkin Sims, sec. 36: David ?\Iount, 
sec. 36. 

1812 — Henry Teagardeu, sec. 20: John Crist, sec. 21 ; John Brison. sec. 
28; Michael Manan, sec. 34; David ^Immt, sec. 35. 

1813 — James Thomas, sec. 10; James C. Smith, sec. 20: John Ferris, 
sec. 27; John C. Harley, sec. 33; David Blount, sec. 34; John Senour. sec. 34. 
1814 — Joseph Hoffner, sec. 2; Thomas Williams, sec. 4; William ]Maple, 
sec. 9; Spencer and G. Wiley, sec. 10: Enoch Russell, sec. 17: Stephen Bul- 
lock, sec. 30; Jonathan Webl), sec. 32; Jolin Ferris, sec. t^T)'- ^^ ilham Adams, 
sec. 35. 

181 5 — Edward Toner, sec. 9; Harvey Lockwood, sec. 11 ; Edward Brush, 
sec. 14; Edward Brush, sec. 14; William Rundle, sec. 14; ^^'illiam Rundle. 
sec. 14; Joshua Rice, sec. 17; Joshua Rice, sec. 19; Atwell Jackman, sec. 19. 
Atwell Jackman, sec. 19. 

1816 — John Arnold, sec. 10; Edward Brush and H. Lockw<^od. sec. 
15; Ephraim Young, sec. 20; Hugh Brison, sec. 21 ; William Evans, sec. 22. 

18 1 7 — Samuel Garrison, sec. 4; Thomas Williams, sec. 5; William Cox, 
sec. 6: Horatio Mason, sec. 10; N. Harp. sec. 23; John Curr\', sec. 24: Artena 
D. Woodworth, sec. 26: Hugh Brison. sec. 30. 


1818— Huj;]! Mead, sec. 2; Camp & Kellugg. sec. 5; Allen Simpson, 
sec. 22 ; James and Solomon Cole, sec. 24; William Gordon, sec. 25. 
18 19 — No entries. 
1820 — No entries. 
ig2i— William :\Iax\ve]l, sec. 29. 

Tozvnship 11, Range 13, East. 

1804-1810 — No entries. 

1811— William Simes, sec. 2; William Bradley, sec. 3; John Neal, sec. 
3; John Brown, sec. 3; William Wilson, sec. 3; Harvey Brown, sec. 4; Wil- 
liam Arnett, sec. 4; Simpson Jones, sec. 4; Isaac Willson, sec. 5; William 
Arnold, sec. 5; Alexander Miller, sec. 6; John Stafford, sec. 10; Henry Cal- 
fee, sec. 10; Brown & Martin, sec. 11. 

1812— David Mount, sec. 5; William George, sec. 6: Benjamin Salor, 
sec. 6; Samuel Alley, sec. 7 ; David Alley, sec. 18; James Alley, sec. 10. 

1813 — Jonathan Osborn, sec. 7. 

1814— Eli Stringer, sec. 5; John Wells, sec. lo; Benjamin Smith, sec. 
10; Cyrus Alley, sec? 18; Jonathan Allen, sec. 18; Elisha Cragun, sec. 19: 
Peter Alley, sec. 30. 

1815— William Willson, sec. 4; William Wilson, sec. 9; William Conn, 

sec. 30. 

1 8 16 — William B. Laughlin, sec. 17. 

1817— James Hobbs, sec. 7; Amos Butler, sees. 14-23; Robert W. Hal- 
sted, sec. 15; Edmund Adams, sec. 15; S. Butler and E. P. Smith, sec. 15; 
Andrew Jackson, sec. 20: Aaron and Daniel G. Gana, sec. 21 : Eli Stringer, 
sec. 21; WillianvC. Drew and Samuel Todd, sec. 21; Samuel F. Hunt and 
William C. Drew. sec. 28. 

1818— Caleb White, sec. 9; James Glenn, sec. 9; J. Carleton and Daniel 

Brooks, sec. 22. 

18 19 — Caleb Cragun, sec. 30. 

Tozvnship 12, Raiigc 13, East. 

1804-18 10 — No entries. 

1811— Jacob Blacklidge, sec. 19: Ralph Williams, sec. 19; David Mount, 
sec. 31; Richard Williams, sec. 31: Hezekiah Blount, sec. ^2: Hezekiah 
Mount, sec. 32 ; William Willson. sec. 33 ; David Stoops, sec. SS- 

1812— Solomon and Richard Manwaring. sec. 26; John Kyger, sec. 31; 
Thomas Owsley, sec. 34. 

i8i3_Josiah Allen, sec. 3; John Allen, Jr., sec. 4; John Price, sec. 10; 


Alexander White, sec. 15; J. Curry aiul Benjamin Xorwell, sec. 15; Christo- 
pher Swift, sec. 15: Henry Teagarden. sec. 21: Jacob Blacklidjje. sec. J3 ; 
Chnrk's Collctt, sec. 24. 

1814 — John Brcjwn. sec. i: Joseph Glenn, sec. 2: Tyler McW'harton. 
sec. 2; Michael Kint,^er}-, sec. 3; Solomon Shepard, sec. 4: Ann D<ju<;herty. 
sec. 4; Daniel Teagarden. sec. 5: John R. Beaty, sec. 5: Rhoda Crump, sec. 
5; John R. Beaty, sec. 5; Caleb B. Clements, sec. 8: James Webb, sec. 10; 
Thomas Sherwood, sec. 10; James Sherwood, sec. 10: William and James 
Harvey, sec. 1 1 ; William Smith, sec. i r ; William Skinner, -ec. i i : John 
Delany, sec. 14: Matthew h'arran ixnd Cicorgc W . Millis, sec, 13: Richard 
Clements, sec. ly: Richard Williams, sec. 17; Joseph llughell, sec. jj : Thomas 
Smith, sec. 27, ; Philip Riche, sec. 31 ; Thomas Owsley, sec. t,^. 

1815 — Richard Dunkin, sec. 2; Samuel Steel, sec. 3: Elizabelhi Teagar- 
den, sec. 3: John Riggs, sec. 8; William Richardson, sec. 8; John Riggs. sec. 
9; James Fordice, sec. 9: James W^inden, sec. 9: Charles Harvey, sec. 1 1 : P. 
Snowden and Peter Dunkin. sec. 12: Henry Bruce, sec. 23; Thoma> Slaugh- 
ter, sec. 23: Corbly and M.-iry Hudson, sec. 35. 

1816 — Samuel !McHenry, sec. 3: Emery Scotton. sec. 14: William Wil- 
liams, sec. 22; Isaac Heward, sec. 24: Robert McKoy, sec. 2y: Robert ^[c- 
Koy, sec. 34; Henry Teagarden. sec. 34. 

1817 — Sarah Jones, sec. 6: William Jones, sec. 8: Malach.i Swift, sec. 
14; Calvin Kinsley, sec. 20: Warren Buck. sec. 20: Peter Plinds, sec. 20: Cal- 
vin Kinsley, sec. 21; Thomas Slaughter, sec. 22; William Harper, sec 22: 
John ]Melone, sec. 28; Henry Hinds, sec. 28: Samuel Gustin. sec. 20: Jona- 
than Chapman, sec. 30; Benjamin Gustin, sec. 30: Charles Collett, sec. t,^. 

1818 — William M. Worthington, sec. (>: R. Gather, Sr,. and R. Gather. 
Jr.. sec. 6: Xathan Youngs, sec. 7: Joseph Whitlock, sec. 7; Simon Vands, 
sec. 14. 

1819 — John Fisher, sec. ly. 

1820 — Garret Jones, sec. 2j. 

Township 13, Range 13. East. 

1804-1810 — No entries. 

181 1 — David, George and Jas. Mallack. sec. 2~ : Eli Stringer, sec. 2y ; 
Thomas Henderson, sec. 2"/: Thomas Henderson, sec. 34; Thomas Hender- 
son, sec. 34. 

1812 — James and John Watters. sec. 34. 

1813 — Obadiah Estes, sec. 26; Ebenezer Smith, sec. 35. 


1814— David Fallin, sec. 22; Elijah Corbiti, sec. 22; Thomas Stockdale. 
sec. 22; William Beckett, sec. 23; Isaac M. Johnson, sec. 23; Robert F. Tay- 
lor, sec. 26; Thomas Stockdale, sec. 27; John Mcllvain, sec. 35; Edward 
Carney, sec. 35. 

1815— James Morrow, sec. 22: John Fisher, sec. 23; John Campbell, 
sec. 25; Simon Grist, sec. 26; Ebenczer Smith, sec. 34; Alexander Simes. 
sec. 35. 

18 16 — Abraham Louderback, sec. 36. 

1817 — Rovvand and Amanda Clark, sec. 26. 


In a little paper-covered volume of eleven pages is recorded the four 
hundred and sixty-seven taxpayers of Franklin county for iSli, ihe first 
year of its existence. They are listed for taxation in alphabetical order, 
their names being followed by the number of slaves and which they 
own, these being the only two kinds of property listed for taxation. Only 
three slaves were returned, one belonging to John Hall and two to James 
James. However, there were other ])eo])le in tlie county vAv> held slaves, 
although they may have called them boiul servants, lliere were a total of 
«ight luuidred fiftv-one horses listed for taxation, but the duplicate does not 
■state the rate at which slaves and horses were taxed. 


David Alley, Dodridge Ally, George Adair, Hugh Abernathy, John 
Andrews, John Ashur, Nathan Aldridge, Robert Ai^ernathy, Robertson 
Ashur, Samuel Arnet, Eli Adams, Robert Adkison, Robert Adair, Joseph 
Allen, John Allen, Jonathan Ally, Samuel Ally, James Adair, Benjamin 
Abrahams, William Arnet. 


Amos Butler, Adam Banks. David Brown, David Boner. David Brad- 
■ -ford, Hugh Brownlee, Isaac Blades, Peter Briggs, Samuel Brown, Thomas 
Brown, William Brown, William Burns. Burrel Banister. Jo'.iu Brown. Jacob 
Bake, Joseph Billings, Joel Belk, John Brown, Joshua Baker, Joseph Brown, 
(then follow four ntimes which are not decipherable on account of the dog- 
-eared corner of the page. The names are John, Reuban, James and Josiah). 
David Bell, Jacob Blovd. William Buster. William Brown. 



Daniel Cuniniini^Iiam. Rlijali Cason, George Cafce, Georg^e Cainhridge. 
George Crist, Henry Cafee, James Conway, James Chambers, James Car- 
wile, Levin Cambridge, Michael Clem, ALatthew Coy, Mary Carr. Xicliolas 
Carter, Robert Carr. Stcidien Crain, Samuel Clark. Thomas Co<>k. 'I'homas 
Carter, Thomas Cavender, Thomas Clark, William Cafee. William Cunning- 
ham, William Crawford, Zachariah Cooksey, William Cross. John Creek. 
John Crumwell, Richard Conner. John Clinton. John Claton, Richard Culp. 
John Carson, John Collins, James Case, James Crorjks, John Clenflenin. 
Jacob Cris, Joseph Carson, William Clark, William Carter. 


Alexander Dubois, (then follow two whose surnames only are given. 
Arthur and George), Thomas Deweese, Peter Deter. Thomas Da\is. James 
Davis, Jacob Dubois, John Dickeson, Joel Davis. Lewis Dewee<e. \\ illiam 
Davis, William Dubois, Sarah Deniston, William Dcniston. 

Adam Ely, Amaziah Elwell, David Ewing. Henry Eads. Obadiah Estes, 
William Ewing, William Eads. Simon Ely, Samuel Ely, John Ewing. An'lrew 


Chilan Foster, George Fruits, George Fruits, George Frasier. Philip 
Frake, Robert Flack, Samuel Fullon, John Fisher, James Freel. William 
Ferrel, William Flood, John Fruits, James Fuller. John Fugit. Benony P'reel. 
Aaron Frake, W. Frasier. 


Benjamin George, David Gray. Basil Gator, George Grigs. Henry 
Gaines, James Greer, Nathan Garret, Robert Gret-n, Stephen Goble. Thomas 
Goling, Thomas Gilam, David Goble, William Gross, Zachariah Gloun. 
Thomas Grigs, James Grigs, John Gilluni, \\'illiam Glidewcll. Robert Gilde- 
well, George Gittner, Jonathan Gillum, John Gurr. . John Garret. William 
George, Jr., William George, Bretain Gant, James Greer. 


Abraham Hammun, Alexander Higgins, Anihony Holberstadt. Absalom 
Hasty, Christopher Hansel, Charles Harvey, Chattield Hovveli. John Hanna. 

■i ■- I.- : i 


David fli)llini;.s\vnrtli, Daxid Han^'cl. IClijah Harper, Eli Henderson. Ezekiel 
Hollingsworth. Elicot Heriidon, (ieorg-e Harland, Joshua Harland. Isaiah 
Holingsworlii, Isaac HoHinirswHjrth, Jonathan Holingsworth, Jacob Holings- 
worth, Joseph Holingsworth, John Hanna, Jf^ihn Henderson. Le\i HoUings- 
worth, Nathaniel Hamilton, Xehemiah Harp.- Philemon Harvey, Richard 
Hollingsworth, Robert Hanna, Robert Hcibs, Samuel Hanna. Samuel H. 
Henry, Samuel Ilirnlcy, Thomas IIar\ey. Thomas Howe. Jacob Hcdrick. 
William Holingsworth. James Harvey. Joseph Hanna. John Hall. Jacob 
Hackleman, John Hackleman. John Hartly. John Hagerman. Jonathan Hunt. 
William Hobs. William Higgs, W'illiam Henderson. William Huff. James 
Hall, Stcj)hen Harrel, William Harrel. A])raham Hackleman. 


Daniel Johnson. F'ielding Jeter, Richard Jackman. Robinson Jones. Sim- 
son Jones. Thomas Jack. John Jones, James Jones. James Johnson. James 
James. John Jones. Jesse Jones, William Jackson, A\'illiam Julian. 

. • K. 

Cristy Kingery, John Kerr}-. Samuel Kingery. Willis Kelby. John Ken- 
nedy, James Knight, John Kiger. 

Aaron Line. Bennct Lankston. Berry Lyons, Charles Lacy, Abraham 
Lee, George Leviston. George Lucas, George Love, Henry Lee. Henry 
Lyons. Hanson Love. Isaac Lucas, Leonard Lewis, Pliilip Linck. Richard 
Lyons, Samuel Lennen. Smith Lane. Samuel Logan. William Logan. Tohn 
Lefforge. William Lyons, Ruben Lyons. James Logan. Joseph Lee. Samuel 
Lee, Jacob Large, John Logan. 


Abraham Moyer, Benjamin ^IcCarty, Charles McLain. Charles Martin. 
David Matlock. George ]\latlock. Daniel Miller, David Milton. Enoch 
McCarty, Henry McCarsly. Hugh ^Morrison, Hugh McWhorter. James 
Moore, Henry Mondy, John ^lanly, ■Mathew McClurkin. Martin ]\Iose"s. Pat- 
rick McCarty, Richard Minner, Robert Alarshall, Stephen .Martin. Tobias 
Miller. Thomas Millhollaud, Thomas Mathews. Valentine Mowerv. \\'i]liam 
Manly, James McCoy. John Miller. Jolin Miller, Jr.. J()hn McKim, Jolm 
Morrow, James Matlock, John Millholland, William }iIcClem. William 


McCoy, William McCann, JdIiii Myers, William McDaniel, William McKim, 
James Moore, Arcliihald Morrow. 


David Norris. Isaac Newhouse, John Norris, James Nichols, Samuel 
Newhouse, William Nichols, William Norris, William Norris, Sr., Richard 
Nichols, John Norris. Jr., John Niel. 

Caleb Odle, Elijah Owen, Simon Odle, Thomas Osbcrn, Jonathan 


John Pennwell, David Pennwell, Henry Parker, Joshua Palmer, Jr.. 
Joshua Palmer, Sr.. Joshua Porter, Natiian Porter, James Putnam. William 
Palmer, Jehu Perkins, James Price, Jacob Peters. John Philijjs. John Pat- 


John Quick. 

i R. 

Abraham Robertson, Allen Ramsey, Charles Royster. Enoch Rusicl. 
George Rudicil, Hugh Reed. James Remey, James Reed, :Moses Rearidon. 
Nicholas Ragan, Peter Rifner, James Russel. Robert Ruson. James Robin- 
son, Samuel Rockerfellar, Thomas Rash, Thomas Reed. \\"illiam Ruson. 
"William Russel, John Richeson, James Robison. John Rockefellar, William 
Ramsy, Robert Russel. Robert Royster. John Ryburne, John Reed. Joseph 
Riply, John Russel, Stanhope Royster, John Richeson. 

Andrew Speer, Benjamin Smith, Charles Scott, David Shark, David 
Stoops, Elijah Stephens, Francis Stephens, Francis Stephens, George Sing- 
horse, Henry Stephens. Isaac Swafford. Samuel Stephens. John Stapleton. 
Larkin Sims. Levi Sailors, Michael Sailors, Powell Scott, Thomas Skinner. 
Robert Swan. Samuel Shannon. William Sparks, William Shannon, Thomas 
Sailors, Jesse Scott. Jacob Sailors, Richard Smith. Reuben Scurlock. Joel 
Scott, John Stafford, James Stephens. Sr.. Joseph Stephens. James Stephens, 
John Shaw. Seward Simon. Joseph Sires, Joseph Seal, James Seal, John 
Sailor, James Stuckey, William Simons, William Skinner. Thomas Skinner. 
Jr., Andrew Shirk, Andrew Shirk. Jr. 

,1 ■f„J 



Agnes Taylor, Charles Tcky, David Taylor, Nathan Tyler, Richarrl 
Thornberry, Robert Templelon, Samuel Tapen, William Templetoii. Andrew 
Thorp, James Trusler, John Thompson, Robert Templeton, Robert Taylor, 
John Tyner, James Tyner, Silas Taylor, William Tyner, Jolm Templeton, 
John Thorp. 


Abraham Van Eaton, John Vanblaricam, John Vincent, William \'an 


Anthony Williams, Alexander Williams, Charles Waddel, Edward 
White, George Wilson, George Williams, Isaac Wilson, Isaac Wood, Joel 
White, INIichael Wilkins, Norris Williams, Thomas Williams, Richard Wil- 
liams, Ralph Wildridge, Thomas Winscott. Samuel Williams, William Willis, 
John Whittier, James Webster, James Wilson, Jonathan Webb. William 
Wilson. William Wilson. Sr.. William Williams. W. WiUnn. Richarrl Wil- 
liams. Ralph Williams, Joseph Williams, Joseph Williams. Jr.. Janie-; Wil- 
liams, Jabcz Winship, John Wilson. John Wilson, Jr., John Wilson. 


By Will M. Baker. 

[The historian of this \ohiine is indebted to Will M. Hakcr. the present 
clerk of the Franklin county circuit court, for a history of the various court 
houses of the county. The interestin!:^ nrticle here presented was delivered as 
an address on Decenil)er 19, i()i-. "" the occasion of the dedication of the 
present beautiful court house. Mr. I'aker carefully investij:^atcd all records 
pertaining to the erection of former court houses and the result of Iiis investi- 
gation is the article which he has kiiuUv consented to offer the hist<<rian of 
this volume.] 

The first ccmrt of I'ranklin county met in one of the rooms of the tavern 
in Brookville owned bv James Knight, and in this ta\crn all the 'Uficial busi- 
ness of the county ap[)ears to ha\e been transacted from the organization of 
the county, from the spring of 181 1 until April of the following year. During 
this time a log court house had been erected on the present public sf|uare. but 
within two years the county felt the need of a new structure. 

On Monday, November 21, 1814, John W'hitworth and Benjamin Smith, 
associate judges of the circuit court of Franklin county, took into considera- 
tion the erection of a court house in the public S([uare in Brookville. and 
suggested that three trustees be appointed by the citizens to assist in con- 
structing the building aforesaid, which was agreed upon. The names were 
nominated and, on counting the votes, it was found that John Hall. John 
lacob and John R. Beatty were nominated. It was, thereu])on, orclered by. the 
court that these men were considered by the court as trustees in conjunction 
with the court, the court reserving to themselves the right of pointing out 
the particular plat on the scpiare, aforesaid, for the erection of the court 
house, taking into view the most eligil)le ground. This building was com- 
menced in 1815 and completed in 18 17. James Knight and Martin Jameson 
bid in the contract for three thousand dollars. 


The board of commissioners, on .X'ovember _'2, 18 14, ordered a court 
house erected according to the following plans and specifications : 


"The Courth'justr for tlie cuinty of I'Vankliii in the Indiana 'l"erritory 
shall be erected on the public S(|uare in the town of Brookville, twenty-five 
feet east of Main Street and thirty-three feet north of the alley running 
through the afure^aid public ^(|uare, where the southwest corner of the afore- 
said shall stand, it l)eing forty feet s'juare fronting towards Main 
Street running north and south ["west (jf the public scjuare] in the town 
aforesaid with a half octagon in the rear, or east side of the >aid house as laid 
down in the plan made out by .\(|uilla Logan. 

"The foundation of said building U) be a well of st<;ne laid in lime mor- 
tar, two and one-half feet thick to be >unk eighteen inches below the surface 
of the earth, and raised two and one-balf feet above the surface, the uj^ijer- 
most of the stone wall to be covered with a bank of clay, sand or gravel im- 
mediately after the same is built. 

"The walls of the said building shall be of brick and shall be the length 
of two and one-half bricks in thickness from the foundation to the top of the 
first story, which shall be sixteen feet in the clear, that is between the two 
floors. The walls of the second story of the said buildings >hall be of brick 
and shall be the k-ngth of two bricks in thickness from the C'.'mmencement of 
the second story to the top of the same, which shall be eleven feet in the 
clear, that is between the floors. The said building to have a neat brick 
cornice running around the same to project nine inches over the plain wall. 

"In the front or west •^ide of said building to have one door in the center 
to be five feet in the clear in width and to have tw<^ lentils [lights] of ten bv 
twelve, such lentils of glass in heighth over the door and made so as to range 
with the to])s of the windows in the said front or west side, each window and 
door to have a mat strait brick arch over the tops of the .same of one and one- 
half brick in length. 

"In the front or west side of said building there shall be two windows 
in the lower story, in the north two windows, in the east three windows and 
in the south two windows of twenty- four lights of glass each, the glass to be 
ten inches by twelve in size and to range completely around the building, the 
windows to be placed at such distance irom each other as the board of 
trustees may direct. 

"In the front on the west side of said building, to liave three windows in 
the second story in the north two windows, in the east three windows and in 
the south two windows of twenty-f(mr lentils [lights] of glass each, the glass 
to be the same size as in the lower story, the windows to range completelv all 
round the building and to be placed immediately over the windows in the first 


"The do(jr and wiiidow frames of the said huildiiig to he made ha<tard 
raves [ ?] frames, the sash stfjps td Ik* worked in the s<>hd, the scanthnj^ out 
of which the above frames are made to l)e out of three inch stuff in thickness 
and calculated for sash one and one-half inches thick and .-shutters the same 

"There siiall be one .girder throuj4h the center of said laid north, 
and south of at least twche inches s(|uare; also one extending across the 
octagon laid parallel with the one through the center, and of equal si^e. into 
which the joists are to be let into, each way the joists not to be less than three 
inches by twelve inches, and to I)e laid not exceeding sixteen inches from 
center to center, and to be of good sound oak or ])oplar. For the first or 
lower floor, the girder through the center of said Inu'lding to ])e .supported by 
two pillars of stone of not less than two feet sfpiare and to be sunk an e<)uai 
distance below the surface of the earth with the fou.ndation wall, the girder 
across the octagon to be supported by one pillar of the same size, and sunk in 
the same manner as the pillars under the center girder. 

"The second floor shall have one girder tlircniujli the center of said 
building, also one extending across the octagon, inmiediately over tho-^e on 
the first floor to be of the same size: also the joists the same size, as on the 
first floor, and not exceeding the same width aj)art, of the same kind of timber 
and to be supported by two columns placed at such distance from each other 
on the center girder on the lower floor as may be directed by the trustees of 
said building, and not to be less than fourteen inches sfjuarc at the bottom, 
nor less than ten inches at the to]). 

"The third floor the same as the second in every respect other than the 
size of the column, which are not to be less than twelve inches square at the 
bottom nor less than ten at the top. 

"All the joi^ts in the said building to be turted [ ?] above and let in 
below and all to be well pined with good inch pins. 

"The roof of said building to be hipped all around to have not less than 
eleven principal rafters, each of which not to be less than eight inches at 
bottom and six inches at top in width and not less than five inches thick, the 
residue of the rafters not to be less than six inches at the bottom and four 
inches at the top in width and three inches thick, the said roof to be framed 
with purloins. 

"The roof to be covered with good yellow poplar shingles, to lie laid 
not to exceed five inches to the weather, the shingles not to be less than 
eighteen inches long and to be carried up from each side and eml so as to form 
a regular square at the top over which shall lie erected a hamlsome dome or 



cupola, the Iicighth of which shall not be less than hfteen feet high from the 
top of the roof of said buiklinji: to the eve of the doine or cupola, the said 
cupalo to be eight square and ten feet in diameter, and finished in a complete 
and workmanlike manner with a sijire of not less than fifteen feet high clear 
of the king post [?1, with a ball of not less than fifteen inches in diameter 
with a handsome gilt spread eagle on the top. 

"There shall be two chimneys in the said Iniilding. one on the northeast 
corner and one in the southeast corner, each chimney to have two fireplaces, 
one of the fireplaces in each chinuiey to be on the lower floor and one in each 
to be on the second floor, the fireplaces not to be less than two and one-half 
feet in the back, that is large enough to receive a stick of wood of that length. 

"The sash shall be made out o'^ good yellow poplar well seasoned, to be 
completelv painted, glazed and filled in the windows. 

"The window and door frames to l)e completely painted white. The 
dome or cupola tcj be completely jxiinted white. The roof of said building to 
be comjiletely painted Spanish brown, and the walls to be of water and 
Spanish brown. There shall l)e a good folding door, made and hung to said 
building" with sufiicient hinges, the door to be made of stufif not less than one 
and one-half inches thick and well lined, each fold of said door to contain 
eight panels, done in a complete workmanlike manner with two good bolts and 
a lock of the best possible description to be had. 

"The above building to be commenced by or before the first day of the 
month of .\pril and to be compleated as respect [ ?] the above descriljed work 
by or before the first day of October, 1816. 

"And the above described work to be done in a complete and workman- 
like manner. And it is expressly understood that the trustees for the con- 
ducting of the said building for the time being reserve to themselves the 
right and privilege of rejection at any time, all or any of the material which 
may be provided for the said Imilding should the same be found in an\- way 
defective or insufficient in any respect whatever. 

"Given under our hands at Brookville this J2nd day of December. 1814. 

"Signed John Whitworth. 
"Benjamin Smith. 

"Associate Judges. 
"John Jacob. 
"John Hall, 
"John R. Beattv. 



In the sprin;^ or sununer of r8iC., after tlie building was about two- 
thirds completed. James Knight, one of the contractors, died, which delayed 
the completion of the structure until May. 1817. Mrs. Knight was appointed 
administratrix of her husband's estate and finished the Iniildinf,', as the reconl 
says, in 181 7. William Sims and Henry Case, who were appointed referees 
to accept the work, pronounced it as having been done according to contract, 
and Mrs. Knight received nine hundred .'uid eighty dollars for her services. 
A large amount of the money expended in the erection of this building was 
raised by individual donations, the residue being levied and collected as 
taxes. After work was completed, records show that the court was so well 
pleased with the contractors' work, that they were xoted nine hundred and 
eighty dollars bonus. 

On August 12. 18 r8, it was "ordered that there be erected at the expense 
of the county a good and sufficient stray pen forty feet sf|uare, five rails high 
and five feet high, with a good and sufficient gate lock and key, and thrit the 
sheriff caused the same to be erected In- the seconrl Monda}- of" the following 

On the same date it was ordered that "Rnoch McCarty lie authorized to 
purchase weights and measures for the use of the county of the sizes the law 

At this same session of the board of commissioners, it was "ordered that 
the court house be lathed and plastered in a plain workmanlike manner, and 
that John Scott and Robert Hanna be appointed to superintend the selling of 
the contract on August 24. 1818." 

The structure, however, did not meet the re(|uirements of the new con- 
stitution and .small box-like structures were built along the side of the street 
south of the court house. 

Across the street stood the City hotel, a frame fire trap, and on Wash- 
ington's birthday, February jj, 1852, fire took hold of these buildings and 
destroyed all the buildings in this square, including the court house. Court 
then was'held in a little church at the foot of the hill, now the church of the 
United Brethren, Imt then belonging to the German Methodists. In lune. 
1852. Ed -May. the man who built the present state house, arrived with plans 
for a new court house. C\tus Quick. Levi Aver and John H. Fahrots then 
composed the commissioners' court, and it was agreed that a new court 
house be erected. They obtained the stone from Schrichte's quarries, north 
of town: hand-made locks and doors, etc.. were furnished by Mr Rhein. The 
old doors showed prints of hammer blows. The new court house was built 
for the sum of twenty-eight thousand dollars. 


During tlie summer of 1S77 the county commissioners had contracted to 
remove the battle walls and to remodel the tower. On October 18. 1877, 
during a term of court. William II. Bracken, as special judge, the roof of the 
building went down, with twenty or more peojile in the court room. Luckily 
no one was seriousl}' injured. Immediately the building was repaired and 
surmounted by the lady of justice. 

As early as 1905 there were whisjierings throughout the county that a 
new court house was needed. About this time Elmer K. Dunlaj;. architect, 
arrived and e.xamined the building and re])orted the uh\ structure sound and 
advised remodeling the old court house instead of building the new. The 
countv council at that time was composed of Louis Federmann. Jacob keiboldt. 
Jacob Hirt, W. T. Logan. T. C. Jones, Perry Appleton and John Zins. This 
council decided and planned to remodel the old court house according to the 
following, which I find in the county council record, April 23, 1909: "It is 
the sense of the county council now in session that the court house should be 
repaired and remodeled; that the county commissioners select an architect to 
prepare plans and specifications and estimates for repairing same at a cost not 
to exceed forty thousand dollars, and present said plans, specifications and 
estimates at the regular September meeting of this council." 

On February 24. tgio, Elmer E. Dunlap presented hi.^ plan^^ and the 
same were adopted by the board of commissioners. The appropriation made 
was sixty-six thou.sand d(.)llars. and on March 7, 1910, order was made to 
repair and remoitel. On May 28, 1910. an additional appro])riatii,»n of thirty 
thousand dollars was made. The contract was let to L W. Millikan. of In- 
dianajjolis, for the sum of seventy-one thousand three hundred dollars for 
general contract. The building was begun in August, 1910, and after three 
months' delay the work was again taken up and finally completed and the keys 
recei\ed by the board (.>f commissioners at five o'clock F'riday evening. No- 
vember 15, 191 2. 


The iail, which was built in 18 14 by James Knight, cost six hundred 
'eightv-nine dollars. On March 20, 181 5, John Whitworth and Benjamin 
Smith, associate judges, approved the payment of the above sum to the con- 
tractor, James Knight. This building stood on the public square. 

On August 13, 1 817, the commissioners ordered "that William H. Eads 
be allowed the sum of sixty-three dollars eighty-seven and one-half cents for 
furnishing and putting up a lightning rod." 

On February 9. iS'19. Samuel Rockafellar and John Scott, county com- 


missioners, "(jrdcrcd that Robert Ilaiina be authorized to furnish washboards 
for the court house, to fix the halcou)-, to build a closet under the stairs with a 
lock and key." 

On July 30, 1817, the commissioners, Enoch D. John, Samuel Rocka- 
fellar and James W^ilson, agreed on the following rates of taxation for the 
year 1817: On first rate land, 50c. jjer 100 acres; on second rate land, 43>4C. 
per 100 acres; on third rate land, _'5c. per irxi acres; on each horse, i/'/jC; 
on covering horses, the rate at which he covers the season; on town lots, 50c. 
per Sioo; on free male person of color from the age of 21 to 55, $3.00; on 
bond servants, above 12, ^2.00. 


It appears that by the year 1829 the court house was not large enough to 
accommodate all of the county oftlcers. The board of commissioners, on May 
5, 1829, ordered the erection "of a fire proof building in two rooms for a 
clerk's office and recorder's office to be erected on the public square in the 
town of Brookville or any two of said commissioners mav act as aforesaid. 
Notice of said sale to be given three weeks in some public newspaper. liond. 
to be taken of the purchaser with two freehold securities for the completion 
of the building on such plan and at such time as may be specified by the said 
William AlcCleery, Robert Brackenridge and Enoch .McCarty. payable to the 
county treasurer and his successors in his said office. And it is further 
ordered that the said commissioners above named are recjuired to make out 
and exhibit a plan of said building to public view in said town of Brookville, 
ten days previous to said sale, one-half of the purchase money for building 
said building to l)c paid on the ist ^Monday of February next. And the other 
half to be paid on the ist Monday of August succeeding. And it is further 
ordered by said board that said commissioners report their proceedings to the 
next board and from time to time as they may be required." 


For some reason which is not apparent from the records of the commis- 
sioners, they ordered, on June 2. 1843, -^ four-room brick building to be 
erected on the court house square. It has been noted that a substantial brick 
court house was built in 1S14. and that in 1829 a two-room brick building 
was erecteil on tlie public square for the accommodation of as many county 
officers. The Brook: illc American, in its issue of June 23. 1S43. ^^y- ^^'^^^ the 


people will certainly ap])r(>\e the action of the commissioners "since it is 
important that tlie records by which the evidence of every title in the county 
is perpetuated should be safe from fire." The building fronted sixty-eis;ht 
feet on Main street and was eiijhteen feet in depth; it was to be built under 
the direction of Jeremiah Woods and to be completed by the first of the fol- 
lowing November. The offices of the clerk, auditor, treasurer and recorder 
were to be housed in this proposed building. There was to be a fireplace in 
each room, while the fioor of each room was to be made of brick nine inches 
square. The roof was covered with tin and the whole building was ordered 
■"painted red and pencilled.'' 



It is not certain when the first townships were created in Franklin county 
owing" to the fact that the records from 1811 to 1814 are missintf. The first 
mention of townshii)S is fcnind under the date of January 3. 1S16. at which 
time the county court appointed overseers of the poor for the townships of 
Posey. Pirookville and Bath. It is prol)aI)le that tliese townshijjs were organ- 
ized previous to this date, hut if such were tlie rase tlie record has not been 
found. The first township boundaries are set forth in the county court book 
(D, p. 82) on Jaiuiary 6. 1816. .\t this time tlie boundaries of the three 
townships just mentiimed are given, as well as those of White Water town- 
ship. In the following- table is given a list of the townships in the order of 
thejr organization. .As has been said, the date. January 3, i8i(). is the first 
time Bath, Brookvillc and Posey townshi})s are menrioned, and does not 
imply that they were organized on that date. 

Brook ville January 3, 181 6 Highland February 12, 1S21 

Bath January 3, 1816 I'airfield Februarv 12, 1821 

Posey January 3, 1816 Somerset May 14, 1821 

White Water January 6, [816 Ray Januarv 8. 1S28 

Union July 16, 1816 Salt Creek May 8, 1844 

Connersville July 16, 1816 Laurel March 5. 1845 

Blooming- Grove May 12, 1817 P.utler September 5. 1849 

Springfield May 12, 1817 Metamora September 5. iS'49 

Liberty February- 9, 18 19 

Three of these townships, Connersville, Liberty and L'nion, were in 
that part of Franklin county which was later set otT as Fayette and Union 
counties, and consequently disappear from Franklin county records with the 
organization of the c(junties of which they l)ecame a part. -\ fourth town- 
ship. Somerset, was organi./ed in 1821 and included practicallv the same 
limits as the present township of Laurel, but before the vear was over the 
commissioners dissolved it and attached the territory in question again to 
Posey. This leaves thirteen townships in the county, the last two dating- 
from 1849. The townships are discussed in the order of their organization 


with exception oi the four no lons^er in existence. They are treated at the 
close of the history of the present tliirteen townships of the county. 


This is the central and largest civil sub-divisif^n in I->anklin county, 
and contains the whole of congressional tmvnship 9, range 2: sections i to 
12, inclusive, of township 8. range 2; two fractional sections of township 9, 
range 3 west: three fractional sections of townshij; 10, range 3 west: nine 
full and six fractional sections of township 11, range 13 east: and six sec- 
tions of township 12, range 13 east. The total territory embraced within 
Brookville township is about sixty-eight sections or square miles. The 
■greater portion of this is within the original Wayne Purchase of 1795. 
while the remainder is between the 1795 line and the boundary line of 1809. 


Brookville township was one of the three townshii)s which first appear 
in the commissioners' records on January 3, t8i6, and three days later its 
limits are defined as follow s : 

"All that part of Franklin county included within the following Ix)und- 
aries, towit : On the north by a line beginning on the west boundary line 
of the said county of Franklin: and thence running east so as to intersect the 
township line dividing the ninth and tenth townships ; thence runnmg east 
along with the said township line to the east boundary of said county, and 
on the south by a line beginning on the west boundary lin<; of said countv of 
Franklin; and tlience running east to White Water so as to cross White Water 
at the mouth of Big Cedar Grove creek : thence running along the Big Cedar 
Grove creek with the meanders thereof until the same intersects the line 
dividing the eighth and ninth townshijj line to the east boundary line of the 
county — shall compose a township, which to^\ nship shall be called and known 
by the name of Brookville township." 

Thus it will be seen that Brook\ ille township extended across the 
county from east to west and for the Tuost part was seven miles and a half 
in width. On May 12, 1817, Springfield township was cut ofif with prac- 
tically its present territorial limits. At some time in its history Brookville 
townshii) has included within its limits all or part of every townshij) in the 
county with the exception of Fairfield and Bath. In the historv of the 
various townships will be seen a discussion of boundary limits. At the 


present time Iiro(;k\ille ti»\vn>Iii|j incUules as mncli territory as is fouml in 
Bath, Fairfield. I'Msey and iialt of Hutlcr townsliii)-. a tact which leads one 
to suspect that there nia\' have been political considerations in the formation 
of townships in the county. 

When the commissioners defined the limits of all the townships on 
January 8. 182S. l!roi)k-\ille township was set forth as follows: 

"Be<>-innin,^ at the '-outhca>t corner of section i_\ tf)wnsliip S in rant,'c 
2 west: thence west on the section line to the (Jrouseland ])urchasc line; 
thence southwesterly on said line to the west corner of fractional section 6. 
town 10, rani^a' [.^ east: thence north on the t(nvn'~hip line to the northwest 
•corner of section i<). township 12. ranye 13 east; thence east on tlie section 
line to the old boundary line; tlience northwardly to where the line dividing 
towns 9 and 10 in ran<.:e 2 west intersects the said boundary line; thence 
east along the ttjwnship line 10 the n(jrtheast cmier of town 9, range J west: 
thence south on the township line to the place of beginning, to I)e called 
Brookville township.'" ft did ncjt get its present limits until after the organ- 
ization of Metamora and Butler townships on September 5. 1S49. 


Brookville township has a varied to|xigraphy and wonderfully beautiful 
:scenerv. The surface is (|uite une\en and broken. The many creeks that 
flow through its borders give much bottom land which is of a very pro- 
ductive quality and especially is this true along the White Water river where 
the valley is a mile wide in places. The main water courses include the 
West and East Fork of the White Water river. West Fork tlows from the 
west and north till it meets the waters of the East Fork, which come from 
the north, near the center of the township at the town of Brookville. Then 
the main stream flows on till it crosses the southeastern part of the town- 
ship and crosses over into Dearborn county. 

Little Cedar rises in the northeast part of the township and unites with 
the main river about three miles below Brookville. Big Cedar crosses the 
extreme southeast corner of the territory. Richland creek, a small streamlet, 
with a deep valley, lies between the Little aiid Big Ceelars. Templeton's 
•creek enters the East Fork of White Water river in the northern part of the 
township. Blue creek is the chief stream in the southwestern jx^rtion of the 
township. Wolf creek, in the southwestern part, unites with Blue creek 
hefore the latter empties into White Water. Others are McCarty's run. 

■:i f 

;-|-- > 


Snail creek, and lesser streams, the waters of wliich enter West Fork in the 
western ])art of the townshii). 

The hillsides alon;:; most of these streams which are rapid running 
water courses, are ti-cnerallx- of such an easy slope tliat the lands can be culti- 
vated ')r used for pasturiui^ [jurposes with ease and i)r<jfit. However, when 
the timber is cut from some of the steeper hills, and cultivation is attempted, 
the land washes badly. b\armin.c,^ and stock growing at present engage the 
attentiou of the land owners, although at an earlier date the forests were a 
source of much revenue. 


It is not alwavs an easy matter in counties as old as Franklin to estab- 
'lish the facts concerning who were the lirst to settle in a given township, 
for be it remembered that no one now li\es who saw the "green glad >oli- 
tude" of what is now Brookville township in its virgin state. It is known 
of record, howc-ver. that the first land entered from the government within 
what is now Brookville township was the east half of section 4. townsiiii) 9. 
range 2. and that it was entered by Robert Tem])leton on September 24, 
1804. The second entry was made four days later ( Septeni])er jo. i8'04) 
by William Tvner. who claimed the southwest (juarter of section 33, town- 
ship g. range _'. Then came the following land entries : William Arnett. 
December 27: James ]\[cCoy. Octoljer 22; James Taylor; October 27,: 
Thomas Williams. November 17; Amos Butler. December 4: John Ramey, 
October 13; Solomon Tyner, November 30, all in the year 1804. 

1805 — James Adair, ^^'illiam Wilson, John Milhollund, Samuel and 
Charles Scott. John Logan, John Allen, Amos Butler. Jesse B. Thomas, 
Samuel Arnett, Thomas Henderson and John Brown. 

[^n6 — William Hendersou, Anthony Haberstadt. Agnes Taylor, David 
Bell. John \'incent, .\braham Flackleman and four additional quarters of 
land by .\mos Butler. 

1807 — .Solomon Tyner. an additional tract. 

j8o8--Iames Knight. John Kennedy. John Xorris. James Moore. John 

jgjo — John Quick, John Conner. Thomas Skinner. Jacob Barkman. 

i^ji — George Anthony. John Richardson. Thomas ^^'illiams. Ruggles 
Winchell, James McCinniss. Mic.ajah Parker. David Penwell. Jacob Craig. 
John Tharj). William Lynes. Britton Grant, and another tract by Amos 


'■.. .1 


i8i2 — John Lefforc^c, John Sliank, John Stockdale. Lismand Ra\vre — 
all of whom were actual settlers east of the 1795 treaty line. 

West of the 1795 treaty line the early settlers were as follow: 

181 1 — William Sinies, John Xeal, Jolin Brcvn. William Wilson (a 
Bapti.-t minister), Simpson Jcjnes, Joh.n Stafford, Henry Calfee. 

1814 — Benjamin Smith. Thomas Owsley. 

1816 — ITenry Tea^arden, Rfihert ^^IcKay. 

1817 — Charles Collett, Henry Hinds. John Melone, Robert W. Hal- 


The land entries alon^r the river southeast of the town of Brookville 
were nearlv all improved immcdiatelv after their (jri^inal eiitry. It i> £jen-, 
erally believed that William I'yner was among the Aery first to set stakes 
and commence building for himself a home in the forests of this township. 
His farm included the place later years known as the "Bruns Grove'' farm, 
on which was a fine group of springs. John Quick came in 1800 and 
entered land tlic next }car. He was a justice of the peace under the terri- 
torial government and later probate judge of Franklin comity. He was a 
leader among his fellow pioneers. He was descended from Marylan<J and 
Kentucky families. 

David Stoops, who came with Amos Butler in 1805. settled on the river 
west of Brookville. Tie was the father of twenty-three children, of which 
number, Robert, William, John. Ricliard, David, Jr.. Thomas aufl Elijah 
reached man's estate here, and performed well their part in building up 
Franklin county. ]Many of the descendants of this pioneer family still re- 
side here. John \^inccnt was one of the first settlers in the valley west of 
Brookville. He had been a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and here he 
became a leader among his neighl)ors during the Indian troubles. He was 
born in England, and was the father of ten children, one cif whom. Samuel, 
died from the effects of a rattlesnake bite. Henry Berry came in iS'iTi and 
settled east of town on the Hamilton road, where he carried on blacksmith- 
ing many years. He was a justice of the peace and became ])robate judge 
of this county. Giles Martin and his sons, A\'illiam and George, were 
among the early comers to Brookville townshiji; also Jacolj Hetrick, James 
Moore, b'ielding Jeter and the Halstead families. A Universalist minister 
named Daniel St. John came early and served as sheriff two terms and later 
was a justice of the peace in the county. James Goudie located near Judge 


Berry's. He was an early nicnibcr of the Lei^islature from Franklin county. 
It is said he had the first grinclstone in all his section of the neii:jhborhood, 
and that it was freely used by one and all. Patrick McCarty settled west of 
town, near the stre.'ini called .McCarty's rnn, named for him. Spencer Wiley. 
a pioneer in these parts, was a member of the Legi>lature. and a member 
of the constitutional convention in 1S51. On the e.xtreme eastern side of 
Brookville township settled John W'ynn, who served as county surve}'or and 
justice of the peace at an earl}- date, (jiles Grant was numbered amonj^ the 
pioneer band; he was an associate judc^e and member of the Lecjislature 
from this county. In iSrj John Harris i)latted fractional section i.S, north- 
west of the town of Brookville, into out-lots. It was known as "Harris' 
Section.'' More than fifty years aj^o it was vacated and reverted to farm 

There was a block-house in section 3, west of the boundary line. In 
1813 there were four cabins picketed and fortified on the old Jeter farm. 


Besides Brookville, the county seat. Brookville township has had platted 
within her borders small villages. Union (also called Whitcomb). was 
platted by Ebenezer Howe, Septemlier 14. 18 16. It was later added to 1a' 
Samuel Goudie about 1834 and again in 1850 by Isaac Updike. ^^'hitcoInb 
postoffice was established at this point and in the seventies there was estab- 
lished a grange of the Patrons of Husbandry. In the early eighties the 
village had the usual number of stores and small shops found in country 
villages. The steam saw-mill was another of the helps to the place. At 
present the population of W'hitcomb is about one hundred and ten. The 
towns of Buncombe and Butler's Run were platted July 11, 1851. and June 
10, 1859,- respectively. Both joined Brookville on the north, but neither 
ever materialized as a town, although parts of both have later been taken 
within the coqjorate limits of Brookville. Another town which tlourished 
for a few years was located a mile west of Brookville and was known as 
Woodville. in fractional section 24. Its history is shrouded in more or less 
mystery. No plat ever was recorded and the flood of 1848 seems to have 
terminated its existence. 

Yung was a hamlet in section 34, towmship 11. range 13. but was never 
platted. At this point there was a distil'ery established which ran until 
about 1905. The Yung brothers were proprietors. There was a postoffice 


known as Blue Creel; licre at one time, hut it has hc-cn long since discon- 
tinued. The hamlet once had a store, a hlacksniith shop and saloon or two. 
The township officers are as follows: Trustee, P'rank Deutsch ; assessor. 
Cius Baithcr; advi'^ory Ixiard, ^\'iIIiaIll fjowles, William Meeker. George W. 
Klipple : justice of the peace. \\ T. McCammon: constable. Cicorge .\mrhein: 
supervisors. Christ Hammer, Xo. r, Frank F^eddelman. Xo. 2, Joseph Stur- 
wald, Xo. 3. James A. Clayton. Xo. 4. 


This is the extreme northeastern subdivision of Franklin cunty and 
was in existence on January 3, 1S16, at which time it included not only what 
is now Bath township, but also all n\ 1 '"airfield and a stri]) nine miles north 
of the present limits of I^'ranklin count\ and east of the JJ<j^ treaty line. On 
January 3, 1816, the commissioners' record described this township as fol- 
lows: "All that ])art of Franklin county which lies within the tenth town- 
ship, in iirst rang-e, the renth t()Wii>hip in the second range, the eleventh 
township in the first ranL;e and the eleventh townshi]) in the second range — 
shall compose a township, which township shall be called and known as Bath 

The next change in lioundary- lines was made February 10. 1817, al- 
though no new townships were created at that time. At this date Bath to\»n- 
ship was described as follows: "Beginning at the northeast corner of Bro"k- 
ville township : thence north until it intersects the lines dividing the tenth and 
eleventh townships, range first : thence west along said di\-isiun line until it 
intersects the old boundary; thence southwardly along said old boundary 
line until it intersects the line dividing the ninth and tenth town.shifjs in 
range two; thence east along said line to the place of beginning. 

Upon the organizatimi of Union county, February i, 1S21, Bath town- 
ship was given its present northern limit and was reduced in width from 
twelve to three miles. 

In i8j8, when there were eight townships in the county, the records 
show that Bath was described as follows: "Beginning at the southeast corner 
of township 10, range i west; thence north on the line between the states of 
Indiana and Ohio to tlic corner of L'nion county ; thence west on the line 
of .said county to the northwest corner of section iq. in the township and 
range aforesaid; thence south to the southwest corner of said township; 
thence east on the township line to the place of beginning — to be called Bath 


township." The present hiuiiuhiry conforms to the last-named description. 
Its territory now comprises the ><A\\.h half of congressional township lO 
north, range i west, and includes secticjns 19 and T,f>, inclusive. 

The population of the township in iHyo was si.\ hundred and fifty-eight 
and twenty years later, or in 1910, it was placed by the census reports at si.x 
hundrefl and four. 


Aside from the rough lands along the streams, this is a very level and 
even surfaced township, with some of the finest and most valual)le farms in 
Franklin county, and sells at from one hundred to one hundred and fifty dol- 
lars an acre. The central part of the township has a watershed sufficient to 
throw the waters each way into small streams, the i)rinci])al of which is Cig 
Cedar creek, and finally empties into White Water river. Pleasant run. or 
Brandywine creek, rising in the northeastern part of this township, falls into 
Indian creek, which crosses the corner of the township, .\nother stream is 
Templeton's creek, running to the west. 

From the most reliable evidence it ajipears that the township was named 
Bath from the formerly well-known mineral spring, w hich in an early day 
was used for medicinal baths. This spring is not now within the present 
bounds of the township, however. 

The first land entered in this township was the southeast quarter of 
section 27. The date was May 29, 1805, and the man entering this tract was 
William Forbes, who was not, however, an actual settler. 

Daniel Hansel made the next entry, September 30, 1805. in section 24. 
In November, that year, I.ukIs were entered by Abraham and Daniel Miller, 
who selected lands in the same section last named. Other entries were by 
James Crooks, January 28, 1806. the northwest quarter of section 24: Thomas 
Burk, April 8, 1806. northeast fiuarter of section 26: William Dubois, Janu- 
ary 21, 1806, southeast cjuarter of .section 30; Chatfield Howell. June 21. 
1806, southeast quarter of section 30. Three other tracts were entered about 
1806, but by men who were never residents of the township. Abraham Lee 
entered the southeast quarter of section 36 September, 1807. and settled there 
the following year. In July. 1808. Abraham Jones located in the southwest 
quarter of section 36. In 1809 James Barton entered several tracts: John 
Harper also claimed land in the ttnvnship that year. In 1810 came in Moses 
Maxwell, Jose])h Lee. \\'illiam Stephens. Andrew Comelison and David 
Gray, all claiming government lands by entry right. John. Sr.. and John. 


Jr., of the ininl family, and also I'.cnjaniin Ilcarj^oridcr were settlers of 
1811. In 1812 came Lemuel J.emm(;n, Abel Dare and Jacob bell. In 1813 
the settlement was increased by the advent of pioneers William Goff, Samuel 
Kain, Adatn Xelson. Jolm Morris and possibly a few others. 

Of Abraham Lee, one of the ])ioneers of this township, it is related that 
he temporarily located on what was later styled Lee's creek. He devoted 
much time to exploriiii;- the western portii/n of the Wayne I'urchase while it 
was bein,^ surveyed in 1 801 -2. After he had settled in present Fiath town- 
ship, the Indians were (piite numerous and were hostile toward the whites on 
several occasions. He had to get his breadstufifs ground at a mill on Dry 
Fork. He lived with his wife and two children in a rude cabin. Their 
supply of corn meal was much reduced and someone must needs to go to mill 
again. The Indians had a camp near the Lee cabin. He believed that his 
family would not l)e safe in his absence, and the matter was talked over be- 
tween him and his good wife, who felt that if her husband did not object 
she had best go to mill and leave him in charge of the cabin and children. He 
finally consented and she placed a sack of corn on the trusty family Iv^rse and 
started off to mill, many miles distant. She made the trip in safety and all 
ended well, notwithstanding the husband was called on several times by his 
Indian neighbors, and there came near Ijeing trouble, but, through Lee's 
firmness and tactics, they did not molest him. 


Among the very earliest justices of the peace in Bath township was 
Jacob Bake. 

The first tavern license in the township was issued to John Flint, in 
May, 1817. By order of the court the elections of the township were held 
at this tavern for many years. 

Bath township is first mentioned in countv records as being organized 
January 6, 1816, and the description of the township was as follows: "Or- 
dered that all that portion of Franklin county which lies within the tov.n- 
ship 10, range i; township 10. range 2; township 11, range i, and township 
I.I, range 2, shall compose a township which shall be known and called Bath 
township." William Dubois was the first one to be appointed bv the court 
as superintendent of elections. 

After January i, 18 1/. the board of Cf^unty commissioners had charge 
of county affairs largely. It was under this board that most of the town- 
ship organizations were perfected. Esquire \\'illiam Dubois, supposedly a 


justice of the peace, "swore in" William Cuulson, as constable for Franklin 

In May, 1817, Tlioinas Thunias was appointed "lister" for Bath town- 

Thomas Crislow was api)ointe(I overseer of the p(-Mjr, and Jacob Bake, 
inspector of elections. 

On July 12, 1S17, the board ordered an election of one justice of the 
peace for Bath township, to take the place of William Dubois, deceased. 

It is believed by all of the older citizens that in 181 1 Col. John Miller 
built and operated a mill on Brandywine creek, in what is now Union county, 
but which was for many years in Bath township. This, or possibly the 
"Bake mill" on Indian creek, was the first in the township. Another mill 
was also constructed higher up the stream in this township at about the same 
date. Probably a horse-power system was employed when water was too 
low in stage to propel the old over-sh'it water-wheel. Another mill i.-^ re- 
•called as being located in section 25, built by Abraham Lee and Xathan 

The first reaping machine in Bath township was probably the McCor- 
mick reaper, with an iron finger-bar, purchased by John \V. Smolley in 1S53. 

Among the pioneers here called out lor service in the War of 18 12 are 
know'U to have been Colonel Miller, Abraham Lee and Jacob Bake. 

Joshua Harris was a pioneer tanner of the township, and conducted his 
ibusiness on Brandywine creek, where later resided Esquire Caleb Barnum. 

The first school house was a log building standing where the hamlet of 
Mixerville now stands, on lands owned then by Abraham Jones. The earliest 
school taught was in a log cabin, where J. J. Lee later built. This scho-ol was 
taught by Aliss Abigail Smith. 

William Bake was the first man wdio had courage enough to refuse to 
furnish intoxicating liquors for men working at harvest and logging bees in 
Bath township, he being a radical temperance advocate at a time when it was 
"very unpopular to say anything against the drinking habit. Times have 
•changed remarkably with the flight of a century in Franklin county. 

W^ith the flight of years many changes have been wrought out in Bath 
township. \\'here a century ago were but a few settlers, forging their way 
through the forests and seeking to make humble homes for their families, 
today the scene presents one of charming rural life, with hundreds of beau- 
tiful farm houses, surrounded by all that the heart of an independent agri- 
culturist might wish for. The scythe and cradle have given place to the 
reaper and har\ester, the mower and the hay-making implements which make 

,1 HI 



farm life iiiurc dcsiraMe and ])n)lital)Ie. The lo}( cabin has <li>api;eared and 
in its (looryard one sees the modern farm home with all the conveniences 
found in city houses. Schools and churches abound and railroad facilities 
arc within reach of all the progressive husbandmen of the "kingdom of 

The census reports of 19 lo gave Bath township a population of one 
hundred and twenty-five. 

The present township officers are : Trustee, Charles Wilson : assessor. 
r^Iarshall Kay ; advisory board, John T. Briar, Bennett Raider and Mark 


There are three little hamlets within Bath township — Colter'.-, Corner. 
Bath and Alixerville. These are small country trading places, with but few 
inhabitants each. The township being called Bath, it wa^ natural when a 
postoffice was established there, many years ago. that it should be called 
Bath, although it was located at a country store and a hamlet styled Colter's 
Corner, wdiich place is something over a mile to the west of the present 
railroad station on the Chesapeake iS: Ohio railroad, kn(jwn as Bath ( by some 
called New Bath, but not rightfully). Colter's Corner was established be- 
fore the Civil-war period, and has never grown to a place of much im])urt- 
ance. At the present time the business is hi the hands of the following: 
A general store, operated by O. K. Elwell ; a grocery and meat shr)p. oper- 
ated by D. \V. Spenny ; two blacksmith shops— one by J. C. Dare and one 
by W. E. Smith. Then there is one professional man. in the jierson of 
Dr. A. W. Johnson. Bath postotifice, which was formerly located here, was 
discontinued about 1907, and mail is now received by the rural free deliverv 
routes from Brookville and College Corners. This hamlet is within a most 
fertile and beautiful farming secti<in, with signs of prospentv on everv hand. 

Bath, the railroad station of the township, is situated in section 27, 
township 10, range i west. The railroad was constructed through the town- 
ship in 190J-0.S, and the station at once became the feature of this portion 
of the county. A two per cent, tax was voted in Bath township to aid in 
building this line of railway, and this brought about twelve thousand dollars 
in way of aid for the construction company. The first buildin-s in the vil- 
lage were the grain elevator and a residence of John Stout. The pioneer 
store of the village was that of John C. Hunt, a railroad engineer, who con- 
tinued to run his locomotive until a year or so ago. since which time he has 
devoted his time to the store of ^general merchandise, which has been oper- 


ated ]arj,^ely l)y his wife since first opened, in 1903. F. A. Rigsby, an early 
factor in the build in- u]) n\ the town, came in as soon as the place was platted 
and soon opened a small f,'eneral store, and continued a few years, then sold 
to its present owner, Adam Kunkle. Mr. Rip^sby removed to Colorado. 

The grain business has Ijeen in the hands of Rigsby & Stout, who sold 
to the Tnter-State Grain Company, and they'in turn sold to the W'illey. lirown 
Company, who n(jw have a line of five grain elevators along the line of road 
running through Hath. 

O. S. Dubois cK- Son came in if;05 and have lx;en the only ones engaged 
in buying and selling live stock. They bought and shipped before the rail- 
road was finished by driving the stock to Cottage Grove. 

The first blacksmith in Bath was George Collier, who fired his glowing 
forge about as soon as the town had an existence. He was succeeded by 
several other smiths. The present blacksmith is Ward Lcjper. 

J. C. Hunt, before mentioned, built a hotel in 1913, but its landlords 
have not been successful and today the house is vacant. At one time it was 
conducted by Ed. Peek, and later by the telegraph operator, John Gormaine. 
It is a good two-story frame building. 

Soon after the tcnvn started a tile manufacturing company was formed 
and operated for a while and then failed, causing a loss to many of the stock- 

H. E. Majors is the only person who has run a meat business : he opened 
his meat shop in 1909 and is still numing the market. 

The livery business is in the hands of Dubois & Son, who keep five 
horses and attend to all the livery demanded in the village. 

Adam Kunkle. the general dealer, also handles lumber. 

Milk is bought and shipped daily to Richmond. Both the local and long 
distance telephone systems are to be had from this point. Lands sell from 
one hundred to one hundred and fifty dollars per acre, and not much chang- 
ing hands at this time ( 1915)- The chief products are corn, hogs and wheat. 

As to schools, it may be stated that the patrons of schools here send 
their children to the new graded school building, a brick structure erected a 
half mile west of the village in 191 1. It is modern and has a basement and 
is heated with steam. 

The nearest church is the one at Colter's Corner — about a mile to the 
west — (see church history). 

Mixerville is a small trailing hamlet in the southeastern portion of Bath 
township, in section 36. Here the first postofiice in the townshijj was estab- 
lished, but \ou<j since it has been served bv the rural free deliverv system. 


The only Ijusincss there at lliis date is the general merchan'lise store of Mrs. 
\V'ilsijn. A town was platted here in iX4(") hy William Mixer, hut it never 
materialized into a place of much importance. 


The extreme ni)rthwc>lcrn .^nhdivision of hranklin c(junty is I'osey town- 
ship. It is west of Laurel and nijrlh (jf the western [portion of Salt Creek 
township. It derived its name frrjm Thomas I'osey. governor of Indiana 
Territor}- 1812-16. Posey t()wnshii> was one of the three township.-, in the 
county on January 3, iSiO, the other two being Crook ville and Bath. At 
that time Posey included all of the land between the middle of town 12 north 
and town 14 north, l}-ing between the treaty line> of 1795 and i8o<j — an area 
approxiiuately twelve miles s(|uare. On July \(k 1816, it was cut in two in 
•order to form Connersville township on the north. Somerset township was> 
cut off from it May 14, 1821, but before the end of the year ( X(n-emher 12. 
182 1 ) this townshi]) ceased tc; exist and its territory again became a i)art of 
Posey. Blooming Grove township was cut off of Posey on May 12, 18 17. 
The formation of Salt Creek (May 8, 1844) and Laurel (March 5, 1S45), 
reducetl Posey township to its present size, six miles in length by three in 
width. It is composed of eighteen sections of township 12 north, range 1 1 
east, or the east half of congressional 12 township. The township was settled 
by pioneers who came late, and as a rule followed the streams, as this loca- 
tion was best suited to pioneer life. The population of Posey township in 
1910 was 713, as against 810 in 1900, and S82 in 1S90. 


• On January 6, 1816, Posey township was defined by the commissioners 
as "all that part of Franklin county which lies within the following bound- 
aries, towit : On the north by so much of the northern boundary line of 
•said county as lies between the northwest corner of township 11, range 2. and 
the northwest corner of the county, on the west by so much of the western 
boundary line as lies between the northwest corner of the county and a line 
to be drawn so far south that the same by running east will strike the line 
•dividing the ninth and tenth township in the first and second range, on the 
•south bv the last described line, and on the east bv the western boundary line 


•of the tenth anrl elc\enfh township of range 2 — shall compose a township, 
which township shall be called an<l known by the name of Po>ey township." 

The next chanj^e was (jn i'ebruary lo, 1817, when the county commis- 
sioners ordered the county of h'ranklin to be divided into six townships, 
White Water, Flrookville. Posey, Bath. 1 'nion and Connersville. I'osey town- 
ship was ordered bounded as follows : 

"Beginning at the northeast corner of Brookville township: thence run- 
ning east to the (^Id Ixnindary line at the corner of ninth and tenth town- 
ships: thence along the said boundary line in a northerly direction to the 
center of township 13 and range 13; thence west to the western boundary 
Hne of said county, thence to the place of beginning, running on the western 
boundary line of said county.'' 

The same year, in the month of August. CSee book E, p. 45), the fol- 
lowing change was made in the territorial lines : 

"Ordered, that all that part of Brookville township lying west of a line 
'drawn due south from the southeast corner of Posey township, until it inter- 
sects the north line of White Water township be added to Poscv township." 

In October, 181 8. the central ])art of the state was purchased bv the 
"United States government from the Indians, and this immense tract of land 
■now comprising all or parts of thirty-eight counties, has always been known 
as the Xew Purchase. New counties were organized out of this territorv as 
fast as the population would justify, and many of the counties already formed 
■which were contigtious to this tract Avere enlarged by incorporating parts of 
the territory in question. 

The state Legislature of 1823 added part of the New Purchase to Frank- 
h"n county, and on February 11. 1823, the commissioners of Franklin countv 
"ordered that all that part of Franklin county which has been attached to 
Franklin by a late act of the Legislature, which lies west of Posev town- 
ship, be and the same is hereby attached to the said township of Posey." 

In 1828, in describing the bounds of all the existing townships, the 
commissioners' record sh(^ws the following on Posey township: 

"Ordered, that the fifth township be bounded as follows : Beginning at 
the southeast corner of township 12. in range 12 east; thence due west along 
said township line to the western boundary of Franklin countv: thence north 
along said boundary line to the northwest corner of Franklin countv: thence 
east along the northern boundary of said county to the northeast corner of 
■township 12 in range 12 east: thence south on the township line to the place 
'of beginning, to be called Posey township." 



Its Streams arc Little Salt creek, which takes its rise near the nurtlnvest 
angle of the tounsliip and courses in a soutlieastern direction thrmigh m(^re 
than a third of its area. Bull's fork of Salt creek drains the southwest 
corner of the township. 1"he South fork of the Little Salt creek crosses 
much of the territory antl passes out near the southeast corner. The streams 
afford a good acreage of rich bottom land. The general surface of the 
township is gently rolling, with some level table land in the central portion. 
Its soil is substantially the same as that found in Salt Creek and Ray tcnvn- 

The first white man to invade this portion of what is now Franklin 
county was a Rev(jlutionary soklier who was present at General Braddock's 
defeat. The name is J(jseph Mires, who settled on Seine's creek. He was a 
model frontiersman, and his name is frequently referred to by older resi- 
dents and writers of local liistory. Just what spot he located on is not 
known, but that it was near the townsliii) line is usually c(jnceded b>- hist<jr- 
fanSy It is hkely that he was a "scpuitter," as his name does not appear on 
the gV)vernment land oftke records. The following entered lands, at gov- 
ernmel^t prices, at the dates indicated in the subjoined list of land entries : 

i^o — Simon Barbour, Atwell Jackman, William Wilson. Eliphalet 

182 1 — Jared Lockwood. 

1822 — Ephraim (ioble. James Miller, Stephen Hamilton. 

1823 — Daniel Xeff, Joseph Rash, John Lewis. 

1827 — Eli C. McKee, Morgan Lewis. 

1829 — Timothy Allison, William Hite. 

183 1 — Alexander Power. 

1832 — Charles Malone. Edward Scott. James Wallace. Joshua Watkins, 
William Brown. 

1833 — .\braham ]^liers. John Ryan. James S. Grimup. William Xichols. 
Mason Palmer. 

1834 — John Morgan. James Cox. John Bishop. 

•1836— John Linville. Thomas Moore. Buckley C. Plarris. William Car- 
penter. Rliiah Misner, John H. Scott. John Thomas. Thomas Flint. Henry 
H. Partlow. Thomas Sims. Jacob Partlow, William Simonson. Jacob Part- 
low, William Pruet. 

1841 — Silas Andrews. 

FkAXKI.I.V COCN'TV, IN'r)I.\NA. 125 


There were iiuinennis saw-mill.^ and cc^rn-crackers scattered here and 
there through) mt this towiislii]) at an early clay, hut owinjj to the uncertainty 
of the water i)o\ver and other reasons they have all disappeared. The last 
■saw-mill in the township — the old John Barher mill — erected in 1849, two 
and a half miles south ut .\n(lcrsf)n\ illt-. was found one morning in Septem- 
ber, H;r4, to have collapsed aud in ruins. It was not oijerated after about 
1898. The dam went down stream in ifji.V It was a typical old sash saw- 
mill, lon^^, uprii^ht saw could handle \ery larj^e logs. It was pro- 
pelled by the waters of Salt creek, running through a doul)Ie-turbine wheel. 
giving sixt\-liorse jxtwer. M.r. Barber cut thousands of feet of the finest 
black walnut lumber m\lt seen, ami at first he shipped it to Cincinnati, bv the 
•old canal, and later by rail. It is bL-lie\ed that this was the last of the many 
saw-mills jiropellcd by water [)ower tht'it ever run in this count}'. 


.\ Store and tavern was o]x"ned at a \ery earlv date by lliomas .Vnder- 
son at the forks of the Brookville and Shelbyville state road. His tavern 
was a popular one and he soon became an influential, prominent i)ioneer. 

Atwell Jackman, a wheelwright and farmer, settled a short distance 
from Anderson's, ami was the first to work at wagon-making. 

The first tannery in the settlement was estalilished by a .Mr. Redpath. 
He remained only a short time and removed from the township. He was 
•succeeded as a tanner by Alexander Power, whose tannery was a little dis- 
tance east of "Bull Town." He als(T made shoes and horse-collars. 

The first saw -mill in this township was on Little Salt creek and was 
put in operation by Samuel Jinks. .\ steam saw-mill was next set in motion 
by Simpson Barbour, who continued to cut lumber manv vears. 

The earliest phxsician was Dr. R. D. Logan, who subsecpientlv studied 
law and became a circuit judge, .\nother pioneer phvsician was Doctor 

The first school in the township was kept Iw a Mr. Sallv. in a hewed-log 
"house, which had a clapboard roof; the windows were exceptionallv high and 
very narrow. Idiis was, of course, a subscription school. More concerning 
the schools of the township is found in the Educational chapter. 

Rev. John ?\1 organ, who came to the township in 1828, wrote as fol- 
lows in the earlv eighties ; 


"At our log-rollin<^s and raisinj^s we used to have what they called 
'good whisky,' which made ihciii feel very funny sometimes and would oc- 
casionally cause friends and ncii,dihor- to get into difficulty and tight. In 
1831 I thought sf>niething ought to he done ahout it, so I made an appoint- 
ment to deliver a temperance lecture at a certain time and place. When the 
time arrived tliere were rpiite a nunihcr out and I delivered the first temper- 
ance lecture I ever heard and the fir-^t one in the township. We «oon had a 
strong temperance society, and the jiractice of using liquors at pul)lic gather- 
ings soon ceased to a great extent.'' 

The first religious society in the township was the United Brethren in 
Christ. (See chapter on churches of this county.) 


Andersonville. a part of old lUiena Vista and. Dull Town, arc all the 
attempts made at town building in this township. Buena \'ista is only a 
small hamlet, while Anderson is a thriving village of about three hundred 
and fifty inhabitants. Bull Town has ceased to e.xist and is only 'KU'.un in 

The following description of this place occurred in the Drookiillc Am- 
erican in May, 1852 : 

"As to the improvements at Bulltown we might say that there arc in and 
near the place three very respectable water saw-mills (one of which has just 
been rebuilt), all owned and run by very worthy, industricnis. re>])ectable 
men, and in which large quantities of lumber are annually manufactured, 
both for home consumption and for the Cincinnati mar'ket. besides a steam 
saw-mill, which we bear has recently been sold for over two thousand five 
hundred dollars. r>esides this, the workmen are now acti\ely engaged in 
constructing through the place one of the finest turnpikes in the countrv, 
the grade of which in no one place exceeds three degrees: and that neigiibor- 
hood does its full share of the work." 

Andersonville, in the northwest part of the township, in section 10, was 
laid out in Xovember. 1837, by Fletcher Tevis, and it was first known as 
Ceylon, later changed to Andersonville. on account of Thomas .\nderson 
dedicating an addition to the place in May, 1849. He later -ucceeded in 
having the postoffice named for him, adding the "ville" to his name and mak- 
ing it Andersonville. Anderson conducted a tavern, where liquor wa? freelv 
sold and used by traders and hunters thereabouts. At present the town has 
numerous churches, good schools and lodges, each of which are mentioned in 


chapters relating to sucli topics, 'i he I'niled brethren are a strong sect at 
and near .Xndersonx illc. The lod,;,'es inchide the Masonic and Iinjjroved 
Order of Red Men. .\ very unique new.spaper is pubh>hed there, known as 
the Herald, owned and echted by V. W'ilscjn Kaler. and it is said to be the 
only publication at a rural free delivery point in tiie world, Andersonville 
being six miles off of the railroad, t(> the west of Laurel. The merchants of 
the village in the spring of i<)r5 were Messrs. Grier. Eryson, Morgan and 
Ste;vens. The physicians there are Doctors Coffee and Metcalf. 

The township officers serving in 191 5 are as follow: Trustee, George 
Meid : assessor, C. H. Mitchell; ad\isory board. H. H. Stevens, Thomas G. 
Kelso, Leroy Barber; constable. Clark Denumbrum ; justice of the peace, 
George McBarber; supervisors. James W. York, Luther T. Davis. 


White Water is in the extreme southeastern corner of Franklin county, 
and is bounded on the north by Springfield, on the west by the Indiana-Ohio 
state line, on the south by Dearborn county, and on the west by Highland and 
Brookville townships. This subdivision of the county contains thirty-six 
sections and comprises all of congressional township 8 north, range I west. 

White Water township was created by the commissioners on Januan.- 6, 
1816. The record ( Book D, p. 82), shows that it was one of the four civil 
townships in the county at that date. Its territorial limits were described 
as follow: All that part of Franklin county which lies south of a line be- 
ginning at a i)nint on the west side of the said county and thence running 
east to Wliite Water so as to cross the river at the south of Big Cedar Grove 
creek; thence running along the Big Cedar Grove creek, then meanders 
thereof until the same intersects the line dividing the eighth and ninth town- 
ships; thence running east with the said township line to the east boundary 
of the count)- — shall compose a townshi]). which township shall be known 
and called by the name of White Water township." 

The next change in boundary appears on pages yj of Record Book E. 
and bears date of February 10. 1817. when Samuel Rockafeller and Enoch 
D. John, commissioners, ordered that the townshi]-) limits of White Water. 
Brookville. Posey. Bath. I 'nion and Connersville be redefined. The record 
shows that White Water township was described b\- the comnu'ssioners as 
follows : 

"Commencing at the southwest corner of Franklin countv. running east 



vvitli the soutlK'rn IxniiKlarv line of snifl county to the southeast corner or 
said county: thence north alon.i,^ the eastern IjfMuulary of said county until 
it intersects the line dividinij the eit,ditli and ninth townships on range I ; 
thence west with the aforesaid line until it strikes the Big Cedar Grove 
creek: thence d<>wn this same with the meanders thereof to the mouth of said 
Cedar (]rove creek: thence due west to the western boundary line of the 
county: thence south to the place of lJe^;innin.c,^■■ 

In 1828 the. commissioners defined all the township limits and at this 
time "ordered that the eighth congressional township, in range i west, shall 
com])ose and constitute the first township t(j he called White Water Ic.wn- 
ship." And it so stands at the present time. 


White Water river courses across ahout si.\- sectir.ns of the .-outhwest 
portion of the township. Johnson's fork takes its rise in the north-central por- 
tion, runs south and easterly lo the White Water, which it forms junction 
with in Dearborn county. Big Cedar creek crosses the .section. 
and a good-sized branch of Big Cedar crosses the north-central portion and 
unites with the main stream in Brookville township. Dr\- fork crosses the 
extreme northeast corner, while Syers" run rises in three of the northeastern 
sections of the township. 

The north and eastern portions of the township are quite level, Init other 
parts are rolling, and along the streams the surface is very hilly and rolling: 
yet there is but a small anK)unt of waste land. The streams of the township 
are not constant in their stage of water, varying with the seasons, sometimes 
almost dry. For this reason it is hard to maintain and keep in good rejjair 
mill-dams, hence luit little has been attempted at milling, though .several early- 
day attempts were made, nearly all ending in failure. 


Coming to the pioneer settlement here, it may be stated that most of the 
early settlers passed through this township t(^ other townships and adi.-ining 
counties. The first land entered here was section 32. by Beniamin McCarty. 
in May, 1S03. Then other entries were made, as shown in the "Original 
Entry List" of all lands entered in the county, the same appearing el.-ewhcre 
in this volume, liy townshij) and range. (See township 8. ran^^e i west.) 

John Seeley came in 181 9. It is probable that many of the men whose 

1 1' ■ ■"! i;-i 

;7- J>t«^ 



names are here given came sooner than these entries indicate. It is also 
well established that settlements were made at an early date by men who 
bought government lands of those who had entered them. 

John H. and Samuel Rockafellar came in 1805, purchasing a portion of 
section 32, originally entered by Benjamin AlcCarty in 1803; the land later 
fell into the hands of John Allen. The Rockafellar family came from New 
Jersey, as did other families who located in this neighborhood. Among this 
•colony may be recalled the names of John Allen, the Watkins, Ralph Rieley, 
Ralph Wildridge, Benjamin and William Lewis. John H. Rockafellar set- 
tled on the west side of the river opposite and alx)ve the present site of the 
town of Xew Trenton. Thomas Manwarring's place was directly west of 
New Trenton, across the river. Samuel Rockafellar located where now 
stands the village of New Trenton, at the northern part, where the main road 
turns to the left in passing up the valley, and there stood his fauT-tus old 
tavern, one of tiie most popular stopping places in the entire White Water 
valley for many years. He commenced business in a lug house, which was 
soon replaced by a good brick structure. Hon. E. K. Rocka feller had it for 
•a residence in the eighties. It was among the first brick Iniilding- in the 
valley. Thomas Atanwarring, however, kept his hotel in Xew Trenton, at 
a much later date, and was also popular. 

Benjamin AlcCarty made experiments and sought to obtain salt from a 
spring which flows into the White Water near Xew Trenton. It is believed 
these experiments were carried on about the summer of 1803. It seems 
quite certain that some salt was produced from the waters of this spring, 
but the article was not, of sufficient strength or purity of saline properties to 
make it a prolitable enterprise. A deeper shaft was sunk and a strong stream 
of pure, fresh water came gushing in and ruined all prospects of obtaining 
salt at this point. AlcCarty had numerous workmen, who scattered here 
and there through the valley, became roving "squattfers," and none ever 
became permanent settlers in the county. 

On the lands of A. R. Case, Esq., a little west of the railroad station, 
there are several graves, supposed to contain the remains of a few of these 
•early explorers. 

In the northwest portion of the township, chietlv on sections 5 and 8. 
was an English settlement; the families were those of the Ashtons, Kerrs, 
Millers. Carters, Beesleys, Bertenshaws, Heaps. Halls. Harts and a few 

Another English settlement was effected in the northeast quarter of sec- 

f \ 


tions II and u. and near tliat location. Here settled the Kirks, Jeans, 
Kings, Prices and utiicr well-reineinbcred families. 

Down in the southeastern portion of the town-hijj. and up as far as 
Drewcrsburq-, there was scattered a class of settlers from Xew Vork state. 
These included the names of Gulley, Israel Uavis (an early jjapti^t preacher), 
Seeley Russell, Hollowell Centon and Stalcup. 

New England- was represented by the Xyes and La Rues, all of whom 
located west from JJrewersburg, in the center of the township. 

The Jenkins families were in the e.xtreme northwestern jjart of the town- 
ship of Whitewater, where Prince Jenkins entered land in 1.S14. in the 
eighties this family was among the most prosperous in the town^hi]). 

After a sufficient number of settlers had entered and .settled permanently 
in the township, it was legally organized as one of the subdivJsion> of the 
county. This was el'tected i)y the act of the comity commissioners. I'"el)ruary 
10, 1817, at which time the territory consisted of all its pre-e"t area and the greater portion of Plighland, Butler and Ray townships. It was a 
narrow strip running across the southern portion of the count\-. with a line 
due west from the mouth of Big Cedar creek f(jr its northern boundary. 
When Highland was formed about 1822 or 1823, the present boundary ap- 
pears to have been established. Matthew Sparks was appointed sn])erin- 
tendent of the school sections: Adolph Guiley, Lister and Ralph W'ildridgc, 
overseers of the poor, at the Alay term in 18 17. Elections were ordered to 
be held at the house of John V^anblaircum ; Thomas Manwarrinc^ was ap- 
pointed inspector of elections at the same session of the county hoard. 

In July, 1 817, Ralph Wildridee was licensed to conduct a hotel: Joseph 
Bennett, John H. Rockafellar and Benjamin Gulley were appointed con- 
stables. Ralph W^aldridge kept an early tavern, for his license was issued 
to "keep a tavern or house of public entertainment" in April, 1812. 

White Water township has had man\- towns and villages jjlatted. manv 
of which are now defunct and their names unknown to manv. These in- 
clude New Trenton, Edinburg (now Drewersburgj , Rockdale. Sbarptown 
and Ashby. 

The present township officers are : Trustee. Reed Mofifett : asses.-or. 
F. 'Si. Wright: advisory Iioard. W. 5. Stout, W. F. Winters, C. Strohmier; 
supervisors, William Yauger. Albert Waltz, Louis Lenkel. J. F. Hass. 



New Trentfjn. situated in section 32, was laid out in Decenihcr. 1816, 
by Solomon Manwarriiiy-, as surveynr, for Samuel Rockafellar and Ralph 
VValdrid-,^', proprietors. In September, 1847, William B. Cox made an addi- 
tion of a small tract of Icjts. This old village is on the Whitewater river 
and was one of the important points on the (;ld canal. It \va.s popular on 
account of being where the Rockafellar tavern was situated. Mere Thomas 
Man warring also kept a tavern and conducted a general store, entertained 
the public, l)oth '•sacred and jjrofane." Me was a well-known class leader 
in the Methodist den(;mination ; attended camp-meetings; opened his doors 
to all traveling preachers; made a good grade of whisky, and sokl it to all 
who desired it. 

A Methodist church ^vas erected here in 1835. Benjamin Lewis was 
one of the leading spirits in this church-building 

For a list of the early physician^ of the village the reader is referred to 
the medical chapter in this volume. 

The first militia officers in the place were: Major George Rudici! and 
Capts. John P. Case. Joseph Haqjer and James Scoficld. 

The first schools were kept in the cabins of the pioneer settlers. The 
first regular school house was a log building at Xew Trenton ; the next was 
on Elkhorn creek, a mile and a half to the west of the village. 

At New Trenton the following is a list of postmasters who have ser\ed 
from the establishment of the office in April, 1817. to the present. This 
list was furnished by the postal department at Washington especiallv for this 
history, and the dates indicate time of appointment: Samuel Rockafellar. 
April 5, 1817; Thomas Alanwarring. November 11, 1833; Eliphalet Barber. 
September 5, 1836; Joseph Sizelovc, b'ebruary 20, 1838; Moses Hornaday. 
February 7. 1840; J. B. Sparks, March 31. 1840: George Barber. January 
zy, 1841; Earl Power. February 18, 1842; Samuel Boateher. Afay 7. 1845: 
J. B. Campbell. .May 19. 1847; Samuel Davis. June 15, 1849; J- B. Carter, 
June 25. 1852; Fred Deike, April 28, 1853; J- R- Cooley, August 20. i860; 
H. J. Carr. January 2~, 1864; Samuel Davis, February 21. 1865: Fred 
Deike. February 8, 1868; Samuel Davis. September 20. 1869; E. K. Rocka- 
fellar, Jr.. July 13, 1870: Conrad Hull, November 8. 1871 ; George M. Lewis. 
December 20, 1880: Conrad Mull. June 14. 1881 : Mannah Miller. August 7. 
1885; Conrad Hull, April 15, 1889; Hannah Miller, June 24. 1893: A. R. 
Greatbach, December 24, 1897; James A. Mabis. July 6, 1914. 


At New Trenton, in fact in various parts of the township, there were 
two classes of settlers — one known as tlic "Tuckahoes," from the two Caro- 
linas, and the others the "Easterners,"' and when these two met in arguments 
and dickerings over l)usiness affairs, they frequently disagreed. At general 
training occasions and house raisings, etc.. especially in political campaigns 
and election times, both sections were warmed to fe\ er heat by the free use 
of liquors, when enc(junters ensued, resulting in many black eyes' and not a 
few loosened teeth. 

It is believed that tlic Hrst to eni^age in merchandise at Xew Trenton 
was William Walker, in a log building, which was still standing twenty-five 
years ago, possil)ly jjartly in existence today. It was later weatherboardcd 
and painted, making it look like a m(jdern frame structure. 

All of the pioneer merchants have long since been gathered to their 
fathers and in many cases their names have been long forgotten to the com- 
munity of which they were once a part. 


The old ]Man warring tavern in this township was one of the most 
prominent "meeting houses" in early times. In the same room in which 
Mr. Manwarring sold whisky, of his own make, by the dram, he also preached 
the Gospel on the .Sabbath to a score or more old settlers. The bottom step 
of the stairway served as a pulpit and from this improvised rostrum the 
early ministers wielded a wide influence for good. This old brick tavern 
still stands and with its large "L" of rooms extending from the side of the 
building, it is practically as good as it was more than a century ago. This 
old bar room and "meeting house" is now used as a general store room. 
It was built in iSio, hence it antidates the little Cedar Baptist church building 
which was erected in 1 812. 

The business of New Trenton in the years 1914-15 was as follows: 
General dealers — Albert Witt, Miller Sisters, successors to their mother. Mrs. 
C. Witt; hardware, Clarence Lake, John Sintz: hotel. August Widan : saloons, 
Omer Brown, August Sintz; postmaster. J. A. ]\Iabis; lumber and planing 
mill, Louis Brown, who had a yard and mill at this point until the flood of 
191 3, when all his property was washed away, even the lot on which his 
plant stood, tie then removed to the village of Cedar Grove where he is 
now located; blacksmith. John Sintz. 

The Methodist Episcopal is the only denomination having a building 
at this place now. 

( I'l; ' 


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<;:j«3*^ ^- iVi-'- 



Among the first events of this village may be named the following: The 
first cook stove brought to the village was in 1832 by Z. A. Xye. The first 
piano of the place was that purchased by Z. A. Nye, about 1852. The first 
sewing machine was that purchased for the family of \)r. Samuel Davis, in 
i860. The first railroad ticket and freight office was erecte.l and opened to 
the public in August, 1866. The substantial wagon bridge was built over the 
swift-flowing waters of the White Water at this point in 1877-78. 

Drewersburg, originally called Edinburg, now has a population of about 
seventy-five. It was platted in Xoveniber, 1833, by J(;hn W. Hancock, 
William Ranie}-, Joseph Stevens and John Russell. It is located on the 
southeast cpiarter of section ;^^. It took the name Drewersburg from Will- 
iam S. Drevver, who resided there at the time of the platting. It has a few 
business houses and afifords a trading place for those living along the eastern 
line of the county. 

Sharpstown was originally a ];ostoffice on the 'Sh. Carmel and Johnson 
Fork turnpike. A store or two and a few shops were all that ever went 
toward making up a village. The population is placed at thirty. It is sit- 
uated on section 3. 

Rockdale is an interesting little village, situated at the foot of a large 
hill, and it is safe to say that no village of the county can rival it in natural 
scenery. This is one of the newer tov/ns of the county and its buildings 
indicate that its people are possessed of thrift and prosperity. The mercan- 
tile interests of the town are in the hands of James Stewart and David Jaisle, 
both of whom have well-stocked general stores, doing a flourishing business 
in the town and immediate vicinity. One of the best rural school buildings 
in the county is found here and the people take a just pride in their excellent 
schools. A United Brethren church serves the religious interests of the 
town and has exerted a wholesome influence in the community ever since it 
was established. 


On the southern boundary of the county, second from the western 
border, is Butkr civil township, with ^letamora and one section of Brook- 
ville township at the north, Brookville and Highland townships to the east 
and to its south is Ripley county, while to the west are Ray and Salt Creek 
townships. It contains thirty full congressional sections in townships 10 and 
II north, ranges 12 and 13 east. The township was erected by the board of 


county commissioners September 5, 1^549, by taking nine sections of town- 
ship II, rnngc 13; nine off of township 11, range 12; six off of township 10, 
range 12; and six from township 11, range 12, which sections were pre- 
viously, respectively, in Brookville. Highland, Ray anrl Salt Creek townships. 
This change was effected on account of the inconveniences of getting to and 
from elections when the water was at a high stage in the creeks. It was 
named for Cutler county. Cjhio, from which many of the settlers had emi- 
grated. At the same time the township was set off as a sej)arate subdivision, 
its first officer was appointed, in the person of Aaron B. Line, who was 
made inspector of elections for the newly created township. 

The surface of Butler township is somewhat broken and in many places 
extremely rough. Yet within the bounds of the territory there is a sufficient 
amount of both bottom and upland to afford a good farming district. The 
soil, which is largely clay and drift soil mixed, is well calculated to produce 
good crops of the grains and grasses common to this latitude and climate. 
Originally, the township was covered with a good growth of timber, espec- 
ially valuable trees of oak of various varieties. On Pipe creek there is a 
grove of cedars, which for many years attracted the passer-by. There stood, 
in the eighties, a huge cucumber tree, measuring fully two and a half feet in 
diameter and si.xty feet high — the only one known in this section of coun- 
try. It stood on the farm owned then by Mrs. Grinkemier. 

The streams are Pipe creek, a branch of the West fork of White Water 
river; Wolf creek, which rises in the central portion, runs north to the north- 
east part of the township, turns directly east and from Brookville township 
falls into Blue creek. Cedar fork takes its rise in the southwest part of the 
township, finally finding its way into Pipe creek. Little Walnut fork of Pipe 
creek and a few more lesser streams aft'ord an abundance of water and good 
drainage for the adjoining lands. 


The records show that the first land was entered in this township by 
James xMley, who settled in the northwestern quarter of section 19, township 
II, range 13, in October. 1812. Regarding the actual settlement, it is known 
that John Alley, father of Samuel, Thomas W. and Rev. David Alley, moved 
into the township in 1814. John Gibson came the same year. The mother of 
James T. Osborn (then a widow) settled near where St. Mary's church 
now stands, in 18 16, or possibly as late as 1817. So far as can be learned 
the first white man to effect a settlement and remain a resident of Butler 

■•^■i' /■ :-:l' 


tounbhij) was William Russell, who scltled at the niouth of Russell's branch, 
and remained there some forty years, then removed to Morgan county, 
Indiana, where he died at a riye old age, respected by all who knew of his 
many manly virtues. 

In ibi3 James Jones was shot by John Giijson, who mistook him for an 
Indian or for a deer. 

In 1816 William McCaiTerty settled; he married the sister of John T. 
Osborn. These all located on Pipe creek, or very near that stream. 

The settlement in 181H-19 included Eli Stringer, who claimed a tract 
on the uplands of this township, in section 21, township 11, range i;^. In 
1836 this tract was occupied by a Revolutionary soldier named Richard 
Smith, w^ho later purchased the land where stands St. Mary's church, and 
at that place he died. 

In 1822 John Longacre effected his settlement; his family consisted of 
his mother, two sons and two daughters. This property was sold in about 

1835 to Jesse Woodward. 

Rev. Josiah Gjen located in section 20, township 11. range 13, in 1823. 

In 1832 Bernard Myrose, a German, located in the township, and it 
has been said that he was the first of his nationality who claimed land and 
established his home in Butler township. 

The Ronnel^aums, Ackermans, Michael Schafer. Quirin \'olz and Henrv 
Crusa came in a little later. (3thers came in. but not \ery many, until 183^). 
when the building of the White Water canal attracted many home-seekers to 
this part of the state. This caused most of the vacant lands in Butler town- 
ship to Ije taken up for actual settlement or for speculation. It was during 

1836 tliat two men named Roberts, residents of Cincinnati, entered all the 
remaining vacant lands in the county, except a few small tracts. These 
speculators held these lands for higher prices, and the result was that settle- 
ment was retarded west of the boundary line for a number of vears. In 
1846 this land syndicate was broken, after which actual settlers had a better 
chance to procure lands. William McCarty purchased the interests held l)v 
one of the Roberts brothers, and George Holland, of Brookville, was made 
the agent of the other interests. Soon the lands w^ere sold out in smaller 
tracts to settlers at reasonable prices. The last lot entei-ed was an eightv- 
acre piece in section ;^^, township 11. range 13. bv John D. Shrver. about 
1843. ' ' ' " 

The early schools and churches have all been treated in separate chap- 
ters, hence need not be further mentioned in this connection. 


About 1830 John Allcr erected a mill on Pipe creek, but, owing to the 
wash-outs of his dam, it never amounted to much and was soon abandoned. 
The same year James Alley built a saw-mill on the creek running across 
section 30, township 11, range 13. Later there was added a corn-grinding 
attachment and, between the saw-mill and corn-grinder, for many years the 
enterprise proved ui great usefulness to the pioneers. It was still m opera- 
tion early in the eighties, when it was owned by Jeremiah Jones. 

It was not far from 1830 thai William McCatlerty built his saw-mill 
and corn-cracker on section 8, lownshii) 10, range [3. .\ Mr. Clark l)uilt 
another mill on the same stream further up than McCafferty's, and a corn- 
cracker was put in operation on Pipe creek by Mr. P.atzner about 1S41. 
Other mills were erected by Jacob Jones on Wolf creek in 185 i, and Law- 
rence & Flemming started their steam saw-mill in section 3_'. township 11, 
range 13. Later two run of stones were put in niteration. and both flour and 
corn were ground in large quantities. It was in 1857, or possiblv a year 
later, that John F. Dickman commenced to operate his steam saw-mill. About 
that date W'illiam Eiglehoff operated another steam mill, both having circu- 
lar saws, an innovation in the saw-mill business in the county. The Jerry 
Jones grist-mill was early and long since gone, save a trace of the race and 
mill-posts which can still be seen on Pipe creek. 


The first mowing machine was brought to Butler township in 1864, but 
threshing machuies had been in use a dozen years before that. Foster & 
Alley brought the first grain separator from Hamilton, Ohio. 

George Ertel, Sr., and George Ertel, Jr., father and brother of Jacob 
Ertel, were killed by falling trees near the old salt works. These accidents 
occurred a year apart and cast a gloom over the settlement. 

A Miss Kemp was drowned while crossing Pipe creek on her way from 
Brookville, where she had been engaged to work. 

About 1852 a young man named Hutchinson was drowned in Clear creek 
fork on a Sunday while bathing. .\ .Mr. Coleman was drowned in the same 
stream while attempting to cross in a high stage of water about 1847. 

In 1882 it was stated that the oldest inhabitant of the township who 
was born here was Mrs. Scpiire Harvey, who was born in the village of St. 
Marys in 185 1. 

The first person buried in the township was Washington Osbom, son 
of James and Ruth Osborn.' ?Ie died in childhood. 


Very early in the .settlement oi the township there was much excitement 
over a supposed "find" of salt, a commodity then much more appreciated, 
than now, when it has come to be such a cheap article. Wells were !?unk 
and there was much exploring for the saline product. John Shaw, in 1832, 
made and sold salt from wells at the mouth of Salt Well branch of F'ii>e 
creek, in Butler townshi]). He died in the autumn of that year and there 
were no further developments in the salt industry he had started. 


At one time or another there have been the following villages in Butler 
township: Oak Forest, Haymund (Jennings), Franklin, New \'ernon. 

Raymond was made a postoflice in 1S61, with Henry Moorman as post- 
master. This is also known as vSt. Mary's, after the Catholic church at that 
point, and has a population of about fifty. It is located in section 5, town- 
ship 10, range 13 east. Its present interests are inclusive of these: The 
large Catholic church, a history of which appears in a chapter on this de- 
nomination ; a general store by Joseph Ronnebaum. who also conducts a 
saloon. Then there is another saloon by Henry Kruthaupt, and a blacksmith 
shop run by William Jansing. The village is on the rural free delivery route 
from Batesville. 

Jennings postoflice was established in 1838. Franklin was laid off on 
Pipe creek, where about a dozen buildings, including a school house, were 
erected. The school house burned in 1858. Xew Vernon was laid off by 
Jacob B. Lawrence about 1839. There were erected a few cabins and one 
large frame building. It is the site of St. Mary's Catholic church. The his- 
tory of this, with all other churches of the county, form a .•>eparate chapter 
in this work. 

Oak Forest, in the northeastern part of this township, now has a popu- 
lation of one hundred and twenty-five. There one finds, today, a general 
store, for many years prior to 191 3 operated by Fred Stumpf : two blacksmith 
shops, one by William Becker, to the west end, and George Williams, to the 
north side of the village, which is on the rural free delivery route from^ 
Brookville : there is also a saloon run by Josei)h Vonderheide. There have 
been churches of the Catholic. Methodist and United Brethren denominations 
located at this point. 

The population of Butler township in 1910 was onlv Sy6: it had a 
■population of 1,073 i" 1900 and in 1890 it had 1.243. 

I ■)! 


The present (1915) townshi]) officers are as follow: Trustee, Ben H. 
Vonderheide; assessor. Henry Masplioler : advisory board. Joseph T. Lan- 
ning, Ben Langfermann. Tharles Aniherger; justices of the peace, Henry 
Pulskamp; constable, josepli W'alipe: supcrvisf^rs, Henry I*"riese. Herman 
Fleddermann, Frank Laker, Jacob Hildebrand. 


Blooming Gro\e township is on the northern line of the county, midway 
east and west, with Fairfield and Brookville on the east, Brookville and 
Metamora on the .south and Laurel on the west. It consists of twenty-four 
sections from congressional township 12, range 13 east, which are numbered 
from one to twenty-four. Four of these sections are fractional — i. 12. 13 
and 24 — being so made by the Indian boundary line of 1795. which di\-ides 
the Ohio and Indiana system of surveys. There are twent_\-one and one- 
half square miles within the limits of lilooming Grove township. But prior 
to the date w hen tlie above boundaries were set, and really the first mention 
made of this subdivision of Franklin county, we find in volume E, commis- 
sioners' records, page 7, under date of Monday, May 12, 181 7. a statement. 
part of which reads as follows : 

"This day came Isaac M. John and presented to the ijoard a petition 
signed by thirty and more signers praying for a division of Posey township, 
in the county of Franklin, aforesaid. And it appearing to the satisfaction 
of the board that it is expedient and necessary that the di\-ision should be 
had of the township aforesaid, it is therefore ordered that the following 
shall be the boundaries of the said new township: Beginning on the Brook- 
ville township line, at the southeast corner of Posey townshi]-). thence with 
the boundary line between Bath and Posey townships to the center of town- 
ship 13. range 13: thence west with the line dividing P(jsey and Ct)nnersville 
tow-nships to the line dividing township 13. range 13. and township 13. range 
12; thence south to Brookville township line: thence east to the ])lace of be- 

"Said township to be known and styled Blooming Grove, and that all 
elections in said township shall l)e held at the house i^f E:^ra McCabe. in the 
town of Greensboro." Later there were three tiers of sections detached 
and placed in Fayette county, leaving the present territorv of Blooming 


Grove townsliip. as above stated, cwn^i^ting of twenty full and four frac- 
tional >ecti'nis. 

The first olticers of the township in 1817 were as ffillow : John Wal- 
ter, lister; James Crai.t;. o\ersccr of the poor: Isaac M. Jolnison, inspector 
of elections: John Crown and W illiain Skinner, con.-,taljles : William Goe and 
Christ(Ji)her Swift, supervi.-,(jrs of the roads of the new township. .Ml these 
above officers were appointed by the county commissioners. Among the 
earlv justices ot the peace were Samuel Miller. John Allen and Joseph Evans. 

In iS'j8 the commissioners defined the boundaries of the eight town- 
ships in this county and Bloominc,' Grove was given the following limits: 

"Ordered, that the fourth township lie bounded as follows: Beginning 
at the southeast corner of section ^2, in township 10, range 2 west: thence 
north on said section line to the south boundary of Union county: thence 
west along said county line to the old boundary line: thence northwardly 
along said boundary line to the southeast corner of Fayette county: thence 
west on the line of said county to the northwest corner of township 12, range 
13 east: thence south along said township line to the southwest corner or 
•section 18 in said township: thence east on the section line to the old bound- 
ary line: thence northwardly to the line dividing townships 9 and 10 in range 
2 west: thence east along said section line to the place of beginning, to be 
■called Blooming Grove township." 

The population of this townshi]) in i8qo was 664. in 1900 it had dropped 
to 653, and the last federal census gives it 631. 


The most important stream in the township is Duck creek, which takes 
its rise in the north-central portion of the township, among a cluster of 
never-failing springs and creeks, and takes its course in a general southwest- 
erly direction, leaving the territory less than a mile from the scjuthwest corner. 
near where it received the waters of James creek, or commonly called 
"Timmie's Run." Wolf creek heads in the central part and riows eastward 
to the East fork. All other streams mentioned are branches of West fork. 

The township is an excellent agricultural section. The northeastern 
portion is well timbered with the varieties of trees common to the entire 
countv. The center and eastern parts have a clay soil, with a slight loam 
mixture. The central and eastern p(M-tion, however, are better as a farming 
section. Underdraining. in the western part of the township, has subdued 
and changed the soil so that it has come to be very productive of later years. 

■..I I',, f 



No general settlement was effected here until the close of the War of 
1812-14. There were but two entries in 1811, none in 181 2 and seven in 
1813; in 1814 and 181 5 the real tide of immigration set in. 

The major part of the original entries up to 1817 were as follows: 
Jacob Baldridgc and Ralph Williams settled (probably first in tiie township) 
in 181 1 ; David Ewing, Josiah Allen, John Allen, Jr., J. Curry. Benjamin 
Norwell, Christopher Swift, all in 1813; Tyler McW hortcr, Michael Kin- 
gery, Solomon Shepard, Caleb C. Clements, James Webb, Tliomas Sher- 
wood, James Sherwood, William and James Harvey, William Smith, Charles 
Harvey, William Skinner, John Delaney, Richard Clements, Joseph Hughell, 
Thomas Smith, all in 1S14; Samuel Steel. James Fordyce, Thomas Slaughter 
and Richard Dunkin, in 1815; Emory Scotton. 1816; Colvin Kinsley. 1817", 
William Harder, 1817. 

It is thought tliat Jacob Baldridge and Ral])h Williams were proljably 
first to enter the township. Thev located .in section 19, in tiie -southwest cor- 
ner of the township. I'rom records and general hearsay, it is believed that 
such men as the following were prime movers in starting the de\elopment 
in this section of the county, laying well the foundation for future township 
and county government: The Webbs. Swifts, Harveys. Sherwood?, Slaught- 
ers and Glenns. with their near neighbors. 


The only village in the townsliip is Blooming Grove, with a present 
population of one hundred and twentv. It is in the central part of the town- 
ship, and was platted in section 10 July 2^, 1816, by Surveyor Joseph Allen, 
for the proprietors, John Xaylor and James Sherwood. During February, 
181 7, an addition was platted by the same men, and lots Xos. 18 and 23. 
were donated to the ]jul)lic for a "school and meeting house." The place was 
named Greensboro, but some who did not favor the site for a town dubbed 
it "Greenbrier." Perhaps no better accoimt of the early histor\- here can be 
given today than to quote what was written by Plenry C. Harvey about 1881 
or 1882, which article reads as follows: 

"The writer can:e to the town on the nrst day of September. 1834, to 
begin a six years' apprenticeship at a trade, which term he fully and faith- 
fully served and from that date to the present time has witnessed the growth 


-and changes that have occurred. The olt-repeated statement about the ori- 
ginal name of our village being Greenbrier is incorrect. The founders of the 
village were natives of Maryland and they named it in honor of a town in 
that state. The township was called Blooming Grove. Some time between 
1830 and 1835 (tor want of a mislaid old diary I cannot give precise datej 
the people of the tcnvnship petitioned L'ncle Sam for a postottice at their 
village, to be called Greensboro. In due time word came to them that there 
was already an oftice by that name in the state. Then they sent the name of 
Blooming Grove and also the name of the man chosen for i>ostmaster, and 
the petition was granted. The postmaster was an alien, but he made an 
efficient oflicer. At the next session of the Legislature after getting their 
postoffice, the citizens petitioned that body to change the name of the town 
from Greensboro to Blooming Grove, which was granted, and that is the 
way it all came about. As far back as 1820 the directory of business would 
have said: Samuel Miller, hotel, west of Mam street: Peter Miller, chair- 
maker, east of Main street; John Ply, potter, northeast corner of Main and 
^Cross streets; Elanthan Cory, tanner and currier, north side. As yet there 
had been no store in the town, nor was there any until after 1825. Tb.e first 
store was kept by Beverly R. Voun ; the first wagonshop by Parismis Wil- 
;kinson. In iS2(j Martin W. ;Mt)rris, of Ohio, bought and fitted up pr^.pcrty 
for a store and hotel. He occupied it for a time and then sold the property 
to William King, who also carried on merchandising and tavern-keeping, 
subsequently selling out to Coleman & Clements. Some time in 1830 or 1831 
James Wliorten, of Cincinnati, brought out a large stock of old goods and 
remnants and sold them at auction on long credit, greatly to the disgust of the 
resident merchants. The sale lasted nearly a week. Up to this time there 
had been no blacksmith shops in town, but shortly afterward Thomas S. 
Webb, brother of Scpiire John A\'ebb, commenced the business. The first 
frame dwelling was built by Robert Runyan alx»ut 1834, and is now (1882) 
•occupied by William Cooper. About this time a lot of 'e.xodusters" from 
Maryland swooped down upon the town and it began to grow. As yet there 
was no meeting-house in town." 

At an early date there was erected by William Richardson a mill on 
Duck creek, but it was abandoned after a few years. 

James Harvey. Jr.. it is believed, was the first person to be buried 
-within Blooming Grove township, his death occurring in i8iq. 

The first child bom was James Hughell, and Henry C. Har\-ey the 


The first school Ikjusc was erected in either iS'i/ or 18 18; it was in the 
Harvey neii;liIjorh(j(j(l and the teacher was a ^Ir. Orr. 

There are three churches within the township — "Old Ehenezer,' on the 
south line; the Methodist I^piscopal at the \illa,:^'e of liloomini; (jrove. and a 
Protestant Methodist church, all ot which are treated in detail in the chapter 
on Churches. 

In the s])rinf:: of 1915 the followini,^ interests were represented at the 
viHage of Blo(jniing Grove: A Kin't^hts of Pythias lodge, an account of 
which the reader will find in the I.odge chapter of this volume. .\ .\feth- 
odist Episcopal church— ^see Church chapter. General dealers. Powers & 
Perdiue and W. L. White. The former firm has Ijccn in h'usine-^s a Iialf 
century, and as the firm is now constituted >ince 181^1. Thomas Ellis is the 
village blacksmith. Fairfield is on the rurrd free delivery route from F'rook- 
ville, the postoBice, established many years ago, haA'ing been discontinued in 

The brick and drain tile factory of this place is operated for the f»wner. 
Mrs. Jennie Waggoner, by John Van ^Nleter. Until recently there was a 
good steam saw-mill here, but it is abandoned. 

The public school building is a good two-room frame building, erected 
in 1900. 

Mrs. Mary Powers Deter, the oldest living resident in the township as 
well as in Franklin county, is in her ninety-m'nth year, ptxssessed of all her 
faculties, save defective eyesight. She is the last of a family of ten children, 
in her parents" family. 

The township officers in 1915 in Blooming Grove township are: Trus- 
tee, Deward Wilson ; assessor. Lee W^right : advisory board. Charles L. 
. Scheisz, Aaron Apsley. Robert J. Winmeter : justice of the peace, Lcniis C. 
Chambers; constable, J. W. Chowning; supervisors. Lon Stewart. Xo. I. 
William J. Fields, Xo. 2. 


Springfield township lies between Bath and White Water townships, on 
the section line of Franklin county. It contains thirty-six sections. It is 
identical with congressional township 9 north, range i west. Prior to May 
12, 181 7. it hatl been a part of Brookville township, but on that date the 
county commissioners set it ofi as a separate subdivision on the petition of 
Jacob Fausett and thirty other citizens of the township proposed to be formed. 


The order read. as follows: "bu much of Urookville lownship as coniposed 
the ninlh congressional township in range I west, shall constitute and be 
known as bprniglield township, and that all elections in said township shall 
be held at the house of Xiinrod nrackney." 

This portion of I'ranklin count}-, generally speaking, ia le'.el, except 
where broken b\ some (jue iji the stream^ that llow through its territory. 
Big Cedar creek tlows thrcnigh the western side of the township from north 
to south. '1 he banks along this stream are very steep and bold. The stream 
has a main branch coming from the north-central part. Dry fork, a tribu- 
tary of White Water, rises east of the central p<jrtion, llows south and east- 
erly and leaves the township near Scipio at the southeastern corner. When 
first known to the white settlers this township had several pcjnds, but with 
the passing years the hand of the owners has caused them all to be drained 
and today there is not to be discovered a trace oi them. The land in the old 
pond beds is among the most productive within the county. 


The first land enteretl in this township was l)y Jnhn Remy, (October 13. 
1804, in the southeast quarter of section 28, hence it starids as one of tlie 
first settled portions of the county. Samuel Stewart was ne.xt to invade the 
township, making advent .August i. r8o6. During the same year lands 
were entered l>y William Cloud, John Coulter and William Rail. The com- 
plete entrv list, elsewhere in this volume, give the settlers bv years, .\fter 
the War of 181 2 the township grew rapidly and immigration kept up utitil 
most all of the good land was taken l)y actual settlers. The above entries 
have been copied and verified by public land records. However, there were 
manv who entered land, made slight improvements thereon, and. being dissat- 
isfied with the country or because they were unal)le to pay for the same, to 
those who had loaned them money to enter the land at government prices, 
sold or traded "for a song" to some other man. who became a permanent 
settler. Hence, it does not necessarily follow that a man who entered land 
in the township was in fact a i)ermanent settler, but the man who ])urchased 
from him who had entered the government land was entitled to be classed 
among the first settlers in the township. So it will be understo-xl how easv 
it is to make the mistake of calling an original land purchaser "first settler." 

Among the first to become settlers in the true sense was the Fruits 
family, in the central eastern part of the township, although tb.e name does 
not appear in the land entries. 


Moses Karick-n came in fr<mi Kentucky with lii> family, and settled in 
.section 14 in March, 1810. He had previously entered and iniprovtru these 
lands, but througii some irrej^ularily in rec<jr(ls and red-tape rulea 01 the land 
office, the record was m>t made until iSio. 

Philii) Lvnch was another actual settler who came in very early, pur- 
hasing an original claim. FollcAving came others, who were in after years 
well-knmvn laclor.-. in the devclopnicnt i.f thi^ township, and these included 
Nixon Oliver. Samuel Lee. W illiam Applegate. Moses Hornaday. R. P. 
Clarkson. Isaac Woods. Thniua.-, Mathews. Philip Imjwc. Cyrus Saunders, 
Joseph Wallace, Amos Applcton. Jamc.-> .Vrdery. X. \'. Simmouson. Samuel 
Shirk, David Shirk, Timothy Scohcy. David iJussclI. Eli James. Ira Stout, 
Powell Gulick. William Clark, Joab Howell. Henry Grover. John Merrill. 
John Barbour, William Armstrong, Samuel Carbour, Philip Jones. Daniel 
Shafer, \\'. T. Swift. John Abbott, Ximrod Prackney, James Thompson, 
Michael Owens, William Ferguson. W. and Thomas Crayton. Alexander 
Telford, .\rtliur Cunningham, Captain William Webb. William Gilchrist. 


During 181 J there was a block-house built on land owned by Moses 
Rariden. at least it was partly constructed when the war closed and no 
further trouble was expected by Indian invasions. This was near a large 
.spring, the waters of which were still llowing a few years since. 

The early roads were merely traces blazcfl through the timber, with a 
notice at each end of the trace, telling where the trail ran t< ■ and from. 

The name of this township, it is believed, was derived from a large 
spring, where the block-house was to be erected. Others believe it was 
named for some town in the East from which came many of the pioneers. 

Among the first to bring to the township graded stock was John Bar- 
bour. One of the first blacksmiths was the father of Isaac Wamsley. whose 
shop was located on Big Cedar, where the pike crosses that stream. 

The Seal family owned a small single thresher, known by some as a 
"pepper-mill."' This was probably the first threshing machine in the county. 

"Grannv Singhorse," as Mrs. Singhorse was commonly called, was 
probablv the first to treat diseases in this township. She used to travel on 
horseback and wore a hat of peculiar make-up. The earliest regular physi- 
■cians in the county were Drs. Freeman Perry and G. Oliver. 

The first school was taught in section 24. in 1814. by ^.largaret Rariden. 
About 1816 a school was taught by Thomas Craven, in section 2,3- on. the 


Clendeiiiiig prcjperty. This man. it is related, used to apply the birch uA 
very effectively. 

One of the first mills in this township was erected by Moses Rariden, 
on a branch of Dry fork, in section 14. Another was constructed by Isaac 
Wanisley, in section 2<S', en the Big Cedar. Another very early mill is re- 
called as iiaving Ijctii built near Scipio. What was styled a "husk frame" 
mill was erected by James Seal in either section 32 or 33, on Big Cedar. 
Here he had a run of mill stones and did grinding. Later this mill 
was removed to Laurel Hill. It was covered by a rude shed and had a hand 
bolting machine, each customer having to turn the crank if he wished l>o!tcd 
flour or meal. Power was furnished by means of a ten- foot overshot water- 

A tannery was established by Thomas ^Lathews. and Thomas L'pjohn 
also, at a \ery early date, had a tannery in the township. John Shafer had 
a tannery in the neighborhcjod at a very early date. 

^V. H. Tucker, of Decatur county, many years ago furnished the sub- 
joined incident for the newspapers: "Walter Tucker settled on Litrle 
Cedar creek in 1815. About i8i8 he built what was styled a 'tub-wheel' 
mill on his place. 

"There were plenty of Indians about then. One day an Indian came to 
his house, when there was no one but a sister of Tucker's at home. The 
Indian, of course, wanted something to eat, and. upon looking up the chim- 
ney, he espied some hog entrails which had been hung there to smoke and 
dry. Mr. Indian pulled down a 'gut' or two. and. after fea^-ting fr-jin a pewter 
plate upon which he laid the sweet morsel, he threw the plate under the bed 
and the remains of his "feast' upon the floor and glided out of the house." 

John Clendening, one of the township's most influential and energetic 
pioneers, v. as killed by lightning while standing under a tree in 1844. 

Xi-xon Oliver was among the first militia captains in this section and 
w'as also a justice of the peace. 

The first brewery in Franklin county was in Springfield township. It 
was located in the southeastern part of the township, not far from the In- 
diana-Ohio state line, and was owned and ojjcrated bv a Mr. DeParr. 

. Up to 18S0 there had been four villages, four postoffices. seven churches 
and nine brick school houses within this township, bespeaking the thrift and 
enterprise of the population. 

The village of Springfield was platted by William Snodgrass in 1816. 
It does not now exist. 

West L^'nion was platted in 181S, but is defunct. Lebanon, platted in 


1819, is also now defunct. Scipio was platted in 1826, the post office being 
called rhilanlhropy. Mt. Carmcl was i^latted in 1853 and now has one hun- 
dred and forty-three population. Other villages were Palestine (called 
VVynn now), jjlatted in Octol)cr. 1847, by Paul Holliday, havinj^ a present 
population of about twenty. Peoria, another hamlet of this township, has 
fifty inhabitants. The latest platting in the township is Raymond, platted in 
1903, as a railroad statirm on the Chesapeake iK: Ohio railway line. 


The principal village is Mt. Carniel, in the southern part of the town- 
ship, which was laid out by J. and S. S. Faucett. in February. 1832. and 
August, 1S36. This section of the county has much <)\ historic interest con- 
nected with it. At one time there were numerous factories located here, 
including the celebrated red factory of Bishop, which factory manufacturer!. 
for forty years or more, reeds for woolen mills and cotfrn factories in all 
parts of the United States. It was the tirst industry of its class in all the 

The first stonj at Mt. Carmcl was conducted by Joseph Ilal.-tcad. It 
was a log building. The next to engage in merchandise was Isaac Burk- 
holder, after whom came the Faucett brothers, who platted the town and 
remained many years. 

The citizens of Mt. Carmel, as a rule, have always been o])posed to 
liquor tral'fic and hence the village has been saloonless. 

The town took its name from Mt. Carmel Presbyterian church, which 
was organized previous to the platting of the town. If it were not cele- 
brated for anything else, ^vlt. Carmel would have a ])lace en the map. be- 
cause of the fact that it was the birthplace of ^liss M. L(juisa Chitwiod, a 
child of genius, whose poems are known far and near: among these may be 
named "The Old Still Mouse." .Mention is elsewhere made in this volume of 
this striking character, who passed from earth's shining circle all too early. 

The present business of the village is as follows: General stores. T. J. 
Gates & Son, Roy Patterson: blacksnnth siiop, F. M. Gant. Alexander Camp- 
bell; steam saw-mill, Henry Ferung; hotel, Charles Logan. 

The village has Odd bellows and Knights of Pythias bxlges. an account 
of which is given elsewhere. in this volume in the Lodge chapter. The pres- 
ent churches are the Aletliodisl Fpiscopal. Universalist and Presbyterian. 



The followiiij:^ persons have scr\c(l as postmaster at what is now known 
as Mt. Carniel postofiice since its cstabHshment, in January, 1H32. The list 
was furnislicil the author I)y the post<jfficc department at W'ashin^'ton and 
the elates indicate time of ajjpdintment : R. P. Clarkson. appointed as post- 
master of what was then known as Sentinel, January 12, i^T)2: name changed 
to Mount Carmel, February 14. 1840, R. P. Clarkson still postmaster: Jacob 
Lanius, March 16, 1848; Caleb Yocum. December 31, 1849; James Hasson, 
September 4, 1850: Casper Foi,^el. May 26, 1853; Philip Rowe. February 13, 
1856; S. B. Jenkins. March 24. 1863: I. S. Larue, March 9. 1864: J. B. 
Smith, April 28, 1868; J. A. Gates, October 21, 1869; T. E. McCoy. January 
27, 1870: E. M. McCready, January 18, 1871 ; P. B. Millepaugh. June 4. 
1873; Thomas Heap, August 12, 1873: C. \V. Stewart. August 24, 1H74: 
William Laird. April 12, 1S89: J. \V. Merrill, April 14, 1890; Emma Ricii- 
ard, November 14, 1893; Thomas J. Gates, December 13, 1897: office discon- 
tinued March 31, 1906. 

The corporation officers in 1915 were: Trustees, William Luse. T. J. 
Gates, J. J. Jollifif; clerk. .\. \V. Lewis; treasurer, E. L. Gates. The date of 
incorporation was i88r. 

Peoria is a small village on the state line, three miles north of Scipio. 
Inglesidc Institute, once a popular academy, was located there. Prof. Will- 
iam Rust was the founder of the school. Prof. J. P. Gassedy opened a 
normal school in the same building at a later date; both educational institu- 
tions have long since passed out of commission. 

Mt. Pisgah was a small community of people in the vicinitv of Asbury 
church. There, at one date in the history of the township, there was a saw 
and grist-mill, which made it a business center; this place, however, was 
never platted. 

The present officers of Springtield townships are: Trustee. Rosc(^ 
HubbarcL- assessor. John Waltz; advisory board. Albert Biddinger.l^hn B. 
Xutty. Thomas J. Gates; justice of the peace, Addison Lewis: constable. 
Harry West; supervisors. John Rockwell, John S. :\IcClure. Al. George. 
Thomas Freeland. 

The population of the township in 1910 was. including Mt. Carmel. 
1,118. as against r.130 in 1900 and 1.224 in 1890. 



Hio-hland township ib on tlie soiitlicrn boundary of Franklin county, 
between White Water and Cutler townships. It is bounded on it> north by 
Brookville. which als(j e.xtends a chstauce of one mile on the west. This civil 
township of the county comprises twenty-four sections of congressional town- 
ship 8 north, range 2 west, three wdiole and four fractional sections of town- 
ship 9 north, range 3 west, and three fractional sections in txjwnship lO north, 
range n, east; in all about thirty-one sfjuare miles. This town.ship ua> orig- 
inally a part of White Water township, which once extended across the lower 
part of the county. It was cut off from White Water township Ijy an order 
of the county commissioners February 12, 1821. at which time it was '"Or- 
dered, that all that part of White Water townshi]) lying west of White Water 
compose and constitute a new township to be called Highland township, and 
it is further ordered that all elections held in said township to be held at 
what is now called the Republican school house on the lands of William 

In 1828 the county commissioners described the boundary of this town- 
ship as follows: "Beginning at the southeast corner of township 8 in range 2 
west; thence north on the township line to the northeast corner of section 13 
in township 8 in range 2 west ; thence west along the section line until it inter- 
sects the Grouseland purchase line: thence a southwesterly course on said 
line to the western corner of fractional section 6 in town 10 north, range 13 
east; thence south to the anmty line; thence east to the place of beginning 
to be called Highland township." 

The boundary line between Brookville and Highland townships was not 
definitely established (Record Book I., page 179) until September 6. 1842'. 
when the commissioners ordered Thomas \\'inscott. the surveyor of Frank- 
lin county, to establish a line between Brookville and Highland townships, 
commencing at the corner of sections 12 and 13 on the boimdary line and run- 
ning due west until it strikes a line dividing Brookville anil Ray townships. 
On December 6. same year, the commissioners declared that the boundar}' 
line established by Thomas Winscott pursuant to the order of the board on 
September 6, 1842. be set aside, and ordered that "said line be re-established 
on the section line south of the line dividing sections 12 and 13 in township 9. 
range 13; thence southwest with said boundary to the southeast corner ot 
township II. range 12: the last named points to be the line between Brook- 
ville township and Highland township." Subse(|uently it was reduced to its 
present size by the formation of Butler township. Septemlier 5. 1845. It was 


named on account of tlic hii^h land within its limits. W'liite Water crosses 
the northeast corner of the township. Blue Creek flows across the west- 
central portion, having several branches, all of which unite within the 
township, (logic's and Kauiscy's Iiranches are small tributaries of White 
Water. Tlie soil is of clay nature and in a few places quite thin. By 
proper care the farmers have been able to produce good crops of corn, 
wheat, barley and oats, while live stock has always been a paying branch 
of the agriculture of the townshi]). The townshij) was originally heavily 
forested, but most of the valuable timber is now gone. 


Here, as in other places in the county, the first settlement was effected 
along the streams. Along White Water river, the extreme northea'-t corner 
of the township, there was a settlement of "squatters," who made slight 
improvements before 1805. 1*^ John Conner will ever be credited the 
honor of being the first white man to enter land in this lownshij). but the 
record shows that he did not buy government land until August, 1810. 
although he had without question been a resident of this section a few years 
before that date. It was in this neighborhood that Conner had a store and 
Indian trading post. In an old account of the first settlement there appears 
paragraphs such as the following: 

"During the latter portion of the last and the first years of the present 
century [meaning the last years in the eighteenth and first of the nineteenth 
century], there stood on the river bank a half mile up stream from present 
Cedar Grove village, a trading post, known as Conner's Post. At present 
all trace of it has gone, even the land where it stood has long since been 
washed away by the changing of the stream's current. After it was vacated, 
the trader, Conner, went further up the river and established another post 
at the point where now stands Connersville, the town being named for him. 
This structure was rudely and strongly built of logs, containing for barter 
those necessities required by the first settlers and many trinkets and bright 
woven fabrics to attract the Indians to whom they were exchanged for furs. 
Chief among these commodities were powder, lead and whisky 

"At this post the trappers, scouts and hunters would meet and relate 
their various experiences and purchase their staples, and often the squalid 
Indian, too, would idle away the long hours in lounging and drinking. 

"Thus it happened on a sunny afternoon in autumn time, when a few 
men w^ere seatetl about on open boxes, benches and barrels, conversing 


with the trader and each other, there strrjlled into their midst a tall, power- 
ful savage with an evil ctnintenance, who. for want of a lx;tter name, may 
be styled 'The Wolf." He deposited a small quantity of furs and asked 
for liquor in return, and. having received it, he immediately swallowed it 
and sat down, glancing here and there, his black eyes flashing with delight 
and a metallic glitter. He seemed to be known and disliked by the whites, 
as they seemed to be hated and suspected by him. He drank freely of the 
whisky traded for, and as his brain became elated with it, he forgot his cun- 
ning and grew garrulous and boastful, seeking to awe the hunters by stories 
of his powers and of what to him were his mighty deeds of valor, but 
which, in reality, were thefts and murder, executed oftener through 
treachery and cunning than any boldness on his part. Stopping every few 
sentences to refresh his memory with potent drafts of the whisky, he 
boasted of securing scalp after scalp, until he led up to what he gloried in 
as his grandest feat of arms, which victory procured ior him the most 
beautiful of all the scalps which hung in his lodge." 

"The Indian finally boasted of having killed and scalped a beautiful 
young white girl : told all the cursed details, as only a drunken Indian can 
tell such particulars. 

"At the tennination of the narrative some of the white men sprang 
to their feet with bitter curses on the red demon, whose heart was stone, 
and while the hand of all sought guns and knives, the trader hurried for- 
ward, and a gray-haired scout, with a fierce, determined look, pointed up 
the river trail and said. 'Wait.' 

"The vaunting savage dimly understood that he had told too much, 
struggled to his feet, and. after again drinking freely of the liquor, pur- 
chased a quantity of powder and lead and staggered away from the post 
up the trail. 

"It will not be necessary to follow the Indian very far on his course, 
because he came to a sudden halt about sunset, at which time a sharp report 
rang out, a puff of blue smoke floated heavenward, a heavy bodv fell to 
the earth. Two hours later the moon rose and sent down through the 
branches long slanting rays of light that touched red stains which were 
not drifted sumach leaves! The Indian was never seen again: none of 
the white men at the post ever questioned whither he had gone." 

The land entries in this township were, according to the countv and 
government records, as follows: In 1811. William Helm. Thomas Clark and 
Stephen Goble. 1814. Nathaniel Henidon. William Ramsey. 181 5. Robert- 
son Jones, William Fread.' James Jones. Jr. 1S16. Peter Prifogle. the first 


Gemian in Highland, and among the earliest in the county; Corbly Hudson. 
In 1817, John Halborstadt, William Mintz, Samuel Price, Levi Fortner, 
William Knuwls, J. B. Chapman. In iSi8, John Stafford, George W. 
Matthews, Robert Douglass, William Walker, Bradbury Cottrell, Joseph 
McCart'erty, Phineas Johnson. In 1819. Joshua L. Sparks, Edward Black- 
burn, Jonathan Ivloore. 

John Ward came to the tcnvnship in 1816 and founded the town of 
Cedar Grove. 

The following are the present, 191 5, township officers of Highland 
township : Trustee, Theodore B. Schuck ; assessor, Anthony Ripperger ; ad- 
visory board, Frank Bischoff, William Beckman, John Fohl : justice of the 
peace. John J. Willielm; supervisors, Charles Schuck, Joseph Strothman, 
Lewis Klemme, Joseph Boehmer. 

Before 1830, the great mass of new-comers to the western lands were 
beyond Franklin county, where a rich soil could be had to build homes for 
themselves. .About 1831, the unoccujiied area of the southern and western 
part of the county began to attract the atteiuion of certain German emi- 
grants, who had assembled at Cincinnati as a center from which to diverge 
for final settlement. Many of the good people came in parties of two <jr 
more families, and had lived in the same neighborhood in the Fatherland. 

There were a few farms settled and improvements begun between i?J(J 
and 1830, mainly by the following persons: John Lefforge. 1829; Joseph 
S. Whitney, 182 1 : John Bradburn. 1828, he was the pioneer doctor of 
the township; Samuel Ward, 1826; John Hardin, 1826; Colvin Owen, 
1826; Henry Speckman, 1826; Valentine Dill, 1826; William Spradling. 
1827; John Spradling, 1833: James McCleary, 1830, the last named set- 
tling in what was long known as "Burnt Woods." 

In 1832-33 the German people began to settle this part of the county. 
The immigration came from Cincinnati, by way of Harrison and Dearborn 
counties, and was entirely independent of the Brookville settlement, except 
for legal and civil purposes. Among the earliest Germans were Michael 
and Ignatz Ripperger. who entered lands in section 31, in September, 1833. 
adjoining the town of St. Peters. 

Later settlers were : Louis Shockley, William Sturwold, Conrad 
Schomler (who was killed by a falling tree), Christian Floor, John Stock- 
inger (who was bitten by a rattlesnake in the harvest field, and from it lost 
his life), Catherine Ripp, John R. Dirkhuesing, Henrj- Holbert, Joshua 
Bacher. Philip Waldorf, John H. EUerman, Henry Beckman. Henry Mires. 

■.. if,. 


Henry Poppe, Valentine Dill, Valentine Fuller, Sarah Keeler, all of whom 
settled here previous tu 1837. John Bath settled in section ^^ in 1837. 

In 1838 Godfrey Seibel built a brewery on the branch of Blue creek. 
This was the tirst brewery in all this section of the country, save one in 
Springfield township. 

Among the English-speaking settlers may be named Jaincs Robf-sun, 
of Keinucky, who came in i(Soy to Brookville toun.slii[) and to Highland in 
1816. William Robe.son. uhr; settled in iX^i, was justice of the peace and 
county treasurer two terms, as well as county conmiissioner. 

The first school house in the township was on Joshua Baker's land, 
built of buckeye logs, which persisted in sprouting for a long time after 
the logs had been laid up. George W. Matthews was one of the t"irst 

The first meeting house in this township was built of logs. .•>ituated 
west of present South Gate village. . It was first used by the Meth(xli.-,t 


The towns and postoffices of this township are, Cedar Grove, with a 
population of 185; St. Peters, with 150; Blue Creek, with j^; S<nith Gate, 
with 100, and Highland Center, a mere hamlet. 

Cedar Grove is situated on the White Water river, on the railroad and 
the old \'alley pike. It was platted and christened "'Rochester." by John 
Ward, in September, 1837. Iii i^44 D. F. Cooley made an addition to the 
town. This place sprung into existence on account of the construction of 
the old canal, and was fori'^^rly a very important point along tliat water- 
way. The Wards erected a large flouring mill on the opposite side of the 
river and were important factors in building up what was at one time a 
busy commercial center. 

James Roseberry, another pioneer, there conducted one of the earliest 
taverns of the place. 

The great flood of 1847 destroyed the Ward mills, and parts of the 
saved machinery were taken to the Cedar Grove side of the river and 
placed in operation as a mill by Withers & Knote. The present mills, built 
about twenty years ago, are operated by Casper Fohl. 

The first church of the town was a union building erected in 1850, 
and built by subscription, and it is still used by any Protestant denomination 
who chooses to use it. The churches of today are the Catholic and Meth- 
odist Episcopal (see Church chapter). 


Canal boat building was at one time quite a proiitable industry in tiiis 
town. A lar,L;e number of the boats used on the White Water canal were 
built there. The following from a newspaper published in October, i>i42, 
is self-explanatory: 

"Canal Boats. — The subscribers have cstabli.Nlied a f'.'jat Yard, for build- 
ing Canal Uoats at Rochester, on the White Water Canal. Tuo of the Com- 
pany are regular ship-builders of long experience, and will be engaged in 
the construction of boats in a few weeks. They solicit the patronage of 
the public. They have good lumber ready, and boats will be built on reason- 
able notice. The business will be transacted under the style of T. Morse 
& Co.' 

"T. Mouse, 
"U. Kendall, 
"S. Coffin, 
"B. G. Child." 

Cedar Grove was incorporated in 1907 and its fu'st (jfficers were: John 
Fohl. president; Charles Jonas. Charles Wiwi. Its officers in 191; are: 
Thomas ]\Ioore, president; John II. Schuck, Charles G. Jonas; clerk and 
treasurer, Alfred Moore; marshal, E. Merkel. The council meets at the 

In the spring of 19 15 the business interests of Cedar Grove were con- 
ducted as follows : 

General Dealers — John Doerflcin & Son, Charles Jonas. Shuck 
Brothers and Defner & Fohl. 

Blacksmithing — Thomas Doerflein, John Witherlin. 

Lumber and Wood Work — Louis J. Brow^n, who for years operated 
at New Trenton, but the flt^od of 1013 swept all he had away, including the 
land on which his plant stood, causing a total loss to him of all that he 
had accumulated by years of toil. He is an ex-county commissioner of 
Franklin county. He is now installing modern wood-working machinery 
and has a fine lumber business. 

Hotel — Peter Hirsch, Joseph Munchel. 

Saloon and bar — Frank Schneider, and the two hotels. 

Bakery and !Meats — Thomas Moore. 

Stock Dealer — Frank Schneider. 

Flour Mills — Casper Fohl. 

Tobacco Warehouse — Owned bv Fred Reese, but leased bv Kentucky 


operators. As many as three carloads of leaf tobacco are shipped from this 
wareliouse in a single day. 

The postoffice has a rural free delivery route extending (;ut into the 
surrounding country. 

The town has two schoolhouses. one built in 1873, a one-room brick 
building, and a more recent structure of brick, with two rooms. 

The following have served as postmasters at Cedar Grove since the 
office was established in January, i^^^. The list and dates of a]jpr>intnient 
were furnished by the instal department at Washington. ebi)ecially for this 
history: Hezekiah Coffin. January 30. 1833: Charles Coffin, Novemljcr, 
II, 1833; William AlcClure. March 18. 1834; Isaac G. Morgan. December 
6, 1836; James Rosebery, January 3. 1838; Thomas Filtun. July 3. 1849: 
J. C. Knecht. July 14, 1853: E. H. Chambers, December 16, 1854: J. S. 
Whitney. July 16, 1856: B. V. Boyd. January 16, 1858; J. S. R.jckafcllar. 
January 6, 1859: Thomas Filton. September 29, 1859: J. S. R'Kzkafellar. 
June 15, 1861: George Barber. April 9, 1863: S. M. Ryker, November 30, 
1864; John Linegar, April 28. 1865; E. H. Hayes, September 20. 1869; 
J. A. Hardy. January 5. 1872: Ebenezer Cooley. January 22. 1886: E. M. 
Collier, June 29, 1889: Casper Fohl. September 19, 1890; A. R. R_\nnan. 
January 10, 1891 ; Belle Cooley. April 22, 1893: A. R. Ryman. May 12. 
1897; John Reister, September 17. 1902: E. W. Becker, March. 9. 1907; 
E. J. McClafiferty. December 7, 1908: Alfred Muore, May 4, 1909. 

Another village is South Gate, situated in the southeast portion of 
Highland township. This was platted in September. 1850. by Richard 
Wood. The postoffice goes by the same name. The population of the vil- 
lage is about one hundred. The usual amount of stores and shops of a 
hamlet of its size are found there. In February. 191 5. the list of business 
places were: General dealer, Jacob Shuck: blacksmith, Peter Emerein: the 
postoffice is a star-route office, and its postmaster is Adam Stinger. The 
place has a brick school house. The following have been postmasters at 
South Gate since June, 1843, flate of the establishment of the office: Tames 
Tread. June 7, 1843: John E. Shilling, September 29, 1852: Joseph Saner. 
March 23. 1855: J. J. Ripperger, October 31. 1856; Albert Knabe. April 29, 
1858; Jacob Schuck. December 5, 1859; Philip Eschemback, February 19. 
1862; Jacob Schuck, April 9, 1862; Adam Stenger, November 8, 1878'. 

St. Peters is another little village of this township: it is the seat of a 
large Catholic church and a German settlement established in 1853 and 
added to later by that nationality. The moving spirit in establishing this 
colony was Rev. Maurice de Palais. It is located at the corners of sections 


-25. 30, 31 and 36 in to\vnslii]i S'. ranges 13 and 14. Its present population 
is about one hundred and fifty. It receives mail over the rural free delivery 
route from Brookville. Its present dealers are: General stores, Anthony 
Gillnian and Zeif^Ier Brothers. Zeigler Brothers also conrluct a hotel, or at 
least accommodate travelers passint^ to and from the villaj^e. 

Highland Center is situated between South Gate and St. Peters, in 
this township. It is on the rural free delivery route from St. Peters and 
"has but few residents. Its business interests consist of a f^eneral store, con- 
ducted by Joseph Schuck, who also runs a small saloon. Mr. Strothnian 
is the village blacksmith. 

Klemme's Corner (old Blue Creek) is on section 17, township 8, 
range 14, and receives its mail from Brookville over the rural free delivery 
system. There are two Lutheran churches there, an account of which will 
"be seen in the chapter on churches. There is one general store oj)erated 
by Albert Klemme. The village has a population of about seventy-five 

ST. Peter's mutual fire a.s.soci.\tion. 

The St. Peter's Mutual Fire Associatic/U was organized in 1869 by a 
■number of ])roniinent citizens in the vicinity of St. Peters. The first officers 
were as follow: Godfried Huber, president; Mathew Fussner. treasurer; 
Joseph Boehmer. secretary: Conrad Weiler and George Zimmer. appraisers. 
According to the incorpc^ration articles, tiie membership was restricted to 
those living within a radius of eight miles from St. Peters. This means that 
the company does business in Ripley and Dearborn as well as in Franklin 
county. The companv insures both personal and real property against fire, 
whether caused by incendiaries, spontaneous combustion or lightning. 

This company has done a safe and conservative business for more than 
forty-five years and now has a membership of more than four hundred. The 
present officers are as follows: John Hornberger (Dearborn), president; 
Henry Ranch (Franklin), secretary; George A. Ripperger (Franklin), treas- 
urer; Frank Rosefeld (Franklin) and John Huber (Dearborn), appraisers. 


Fairfield is on the north line of the county, the second civil township 
from the eastern boundary. It is situated west of Bath, with Brookville on 


the south and Bloomini,' Grove on the west. The western line of Fairfield 
township is the old Indian houndary hne. On l'"ebruary 12, 182 1 (the com- 
missioners' record l'\ page 75), "ordered that the tenth conj;jres.sionaI tmvn- 
ship in range 2, compose and constitute an election town in said county 
of Franklin and be called Fairfield township, and that all elections for 
township purposes shall be held in the town of P'airfield, it bein;^ taken 
oil of Bath township, said county." This made the township three miles 
wider than at present and it so remained until Union county was organized. 
On May 6, 1S2S, the commissioners defined the limits of Fairfield as fol- 
lows : 

"Beginning at the scjutheast corner of town.ship 10. in range 2 west; 
thence north on the township line to the line of Union county : thence west 
on said line to the (jld boundary line ; thence southwardly on said boundary 
line to the corner of Brookville township; thence east to the place of begin- 
ning to be called Fairfield township." This gives the township its present 

The township as now constituted comprises fifteen entire and three 
fractional sections of township 10 north, range 2 west, of the original \\'a\ne 
Purchase of 1795. The sections are numbered from 20 to 36 inclusive, while 
the fractional sections are 19, 30 and 31, and are made so by the bounci:iry 

This township is broken, with here and there a level tract of upland. 
Along the water courses there are strips of fertile bottom lands. This 
township was originally well timbered, some of which remains today. 
the the greater part has been cut into lumber, split into rails and posts or 
burned for fire wood. The East fork of White Water river flows across the 
township, a little to the west of the center. Templeton's creek, a branch of 
East fork, rises in I'nion county near the northeastern part of the town- 
ship and flows southwesterly to its union with the main stream. Another 
branch of Templeton's creek rises in Bath township, running through the 
southeast corner of Fairfield. Bath creek empties into East fork a short 
distance south of the village of Fairfield. Blue Lick is a branch of Bath 
creek. Salt Well creek is another stream which unites with East fork from 
the west about the center of the township. Wolf creek also comes in from 
tlie west, after crossing the southwest corner of the township. 


It was in what is now Fairfield township that occurred the first acttial 
settlement of Franklin county. The first land was entered here bv Robert 


Green. January 15, 1804, the same being the second entry in the county. 
This land was the southeast quarter of section 23. The tradition that men 
came in for settlement in i(So3 is jjrobably without any foundation. The 
"Carolina Settlement" was no doubt the lirst. Before giving the circum- 
stances conncrted with tliis colony from Carolina, it is well to note the 
principal land entries from i<So4 to 181.S. which were made in alx)ut the 
following- order : 

1804 — Robert Hanna, southeast quarter of section 28 and the north- 
east quarter of section 33; Rolx-rt Templeton, the northwest quarter of 
section 28; William Logan, tlie northeast quarter of section 28. 1806 — 
Obadiah I"".stes, the southeast (|uarter of section 33; Robert (ilidewell, the 
southwest ([uarter of section 34. 1808 — Thomas Osborn, then followed 
Benjamin Wilson, 1809; Thomas W'orman, 1810; John Mint, 181 1; Rijbert 
White, 1811 ; Archibald ]Morrow. i8ti; Benjamin Nugent, 181 1; Ralph 
Williams, 1811 ; John Hornaday. 181 1 ; John Smith, George Johnson. James 
and Joseph Stephens, William H. Charlott and John Gills, in 181 2. 

Following these came in the remaincler who settled prior to 18 18: 
James Watters. James Johnston, Hugh Abernathy, Richard Freeman, Daniel 
Osborne. Joshua Butler. Abraham Rose, Daniel Powers, Jonathan )5a>- 
sett, Thomas Har\ev, Thomas Powers. F-'niory Hobbs. Obadiah F^tes. John 
Dickerson, John Watt'^, Aaron Frakes. William Sims, all who came in long 
before 1816 and 1818. 

The reader's attention is called to the complete list of original land 
entries for the congressional township of which Fairfield is a part. The 
list appears elsewhere in this \olume, and gives the complete record from 
the land office books, 


The facts regarding the ad\ent and settlements marie by the above- 
named pioneers, under the one common name of Carolina Settlement, has 
been handed down by survivors and descendants of the pioneer band who 
braved the dangers and made the sacrifices coincident with opening up 
this township more than a century ago, and to such notes the author is 
indebted for the following account : 

In 1801 a colony from Laurens district, South Carolina, emigrated, 
with their families, to the Dry fork of White Water, and made a short halt. 
This was made near the present site- of Harrison, Ohio. They remained 
there while the lands were being surv^eyed in the Wayne Purchase, ready 


to be thrown on the market. This was not accomplished until al>out 1803. 
At first not less than a whole section of land could be entered by a pur- 
chaser, but early in 1S04 the rule was established whereby an eit^hth of 
a section, or eighty acres, might be entered, and the price was reduced as 
well as provisions made for partial payments to the government. 

It was while waiting near Harrison, Ohio, that the would-be land 
seekers had ample time to explore much of the surrounding country. In 
their wanderings they had discovered the charming valley of the East 
fork, with its fine soil, timber, water and general attractive features. So, 
in the early summer of 1804, the vanguard of the colony started for the 
land of promise. They blazed their way through the dense forests by 
chipping the bark from trees here and there. This trace was seen fr)r long 
years afterward and was known as the "Carolina Trace." 

This trace commenced on Lee's creek, then crossed the country to 
a point west of the present village of Mt. Carmel. from which point they 
went to where later stood the Big Cedar Baptist church. There the trace 
crossed the creek and took a northwesterly course over the upland until 
it reached the valley of the Soutli branch of Templeton's creek; thence 
down the creek valley to its junction with the main stream, near where later 
the old brick school house was situated, from which point it crossed south 
to the East fork, near the bridge on Brookville and Fairfield turnpike. 

This trace ran along the old Indian trail which crossed from the 
Great !^Iiami to the White Water country, at least as far as it was possible 
to do so. 

Upon their arrival, all hands were busy at selecting good buiMing 
sites and in cutting down the trees from which to erect their humble 
cabins. The first of such cabins was erected in 1804 in the valley of East 
fork. It was described in 1880 as being "about one hundrerl vards north 
of the present residence of Mrs. Keturah Templeton." It was the home of 
Robert Templeton and family. Some of the blue ash logs from which it 
was built were still in a good state of preser\'ation thirty years ago. 

Work went forward until nine cabins had been completed, sufficientlv 
homelike to allow the families to enter for winter quarters. These cabins 
were scattered all the way from the first one named up into Union countv. 
as now known, near Brownsville. This settlement was under the direct 
leadership of Robert Hanna and Robert Templeton. The heads of fami- 
lies represented in the colony from Carolina were as follow: Robert Hanna. 
Sr., John Templeton. William Logan, George Leviston, John Hanna, 


Robert Templeton, Sr.. Logan, Joseph Haniia. John Rwing and 
Robert Swan. 

Others who came in later from the South CaroHna exodus from 1806 
to 1809 were: James Nich.jls. Rr.bert GHdewell, Thomas Glenn, James 
Stephens, Hugh Abernathy and the .\dair family. 


Concerning the personal history of a few of the members of the first 
band who entered this townsliip. it may be said : • 

John Logan was a native of Ireland, born in 1758, and settled on the 
west side of East fork, south of the Templeton bridge. He died in October, 
' 1833, and is buried on his old farm. 

William Logan was a native of Ireland, born in 1762. He came to 
America with his father, who settled in South Carolina, coming here with 
the colony now under discussion. He was a soldier of the Light 
Brigade during the Revolutionary struggle. His son, Thomas Logan, is 
said to ha\e b een th e first whi te child bo raJn \Vhim^.atcr_j-alley aix)ve 
the "Narrows." His cabin stood a half mile south of Fairfield village. He 
died September 11, 1S38, and rests today in Sims cemetery. Robert Hanna 
was born in Delaware in December, 1744. His cabin was a favorite camp- 
ing-ground for emigrants and travelers for many years. Mrs. Hanna died 
in 182 1. Four of his sons came with him, two of whom. John and Joseph, 
were married. One of his daughters was the wife of John Tem ijleton. 

Gen. Rolx-rt Hanna, Jr.. was a son of the la-t-nanied pioneer. He 
was a member of the constitutional convention which paved the way for 
the admission of Indiana as a state, in t8i6. He moved to Indianapolis, 
and was there killed by being run over by the cars in October. 1856. 

John Hanna, eldest son of the pioneer, Robert Hanna. Sr.. built his 
log cabin on the farm later owned by A. S. Carter, Esq. In his younger 
days he was a noted "fiddler." He became an associate judge in this 
county and finally died in his home at, Indianapolis. 

John Ewing's house was erected on the west bank of the East fork. 
where James Harrell later resided. He was among the first justices of 
the peace in Franklin county. 

Joseph Hanna located on East fork, near the mouth of Hanna's creek, 
frcjm which the stream was named. He was a noted politician and a "hard- 
money" advocate. He died in Carroll county. Indiana, at a ripe old age. 

John Templeton was a son-in-law of Robert Hanna, Sr.. and settled 


within a mile of wliat was later known as Quakcrtown, over in Union 
county. His daughter was the first white child born on tiie East fork. 
She was Catherine R. Tenipleton, burn July 15, 1805, and became the wife 
of George Newland. who is claimed to have run a tlat-boat, loaded with 
whisky and other produce, from Dunlapsville to New Orleans. The craft 
stuck fast on Churchill's mill dam, opposite the Roberts farm, and was 
only cleared !))■ tlie united efforts of his neis^hbors. John Templetfjn. it 
should be added, was a iucni])er of the territorial Legislature when the act 
creating two new counties was i)asscd in iSi i. and is said to iiave given the 
name of Franklin to the southern p(;rtion (>\ the set-oft' territory. 

John Hanna was a cousin of Robert Hanna, Sr., and was known as 
"Big John," to distinguish him from the son of Robert Hanna. He is so 
styled in some of the early county records. Four of his sons intermarried 
with the Crawford family. 

Robert Templeton, Sr., who occupied the first cabin erected after the 
arrival of the pioneer exploring party in 1804, ^^'^-^ born in South Carolina 
and died November 10. 1(845. He was buried in :i family burying ground 
on Mrs. Keturah Templeton's farm. 

One of the last of the nine pioneer cabins erected, notice of which 
has already been given, was finished at night, by the light of brush fires 
and while the snov^- w^as falling. The roof had to be put on in order to 
let the famil\- in as soon as possible. They worked all night riving and 
placing the clap-boards on the roof. By daylight the snow was se\'eral 
inches deep in the cabin. 


The first marriage in F'airfield was John Reed and Mary, daugliter 
of Robert Templeton. 

The first death was that of Anna Cunningham, who lived near 
Quakertown. She was buried on the old Osborn farm in 1805. The next 
was Mrs. Mary Hanna. mother of John Temi)leton's wife. Imried in 1807. 

The first school house on East fork was near the Sims cemetery, now 
in Union county. The first teacher was Thomas Harvey. The Baptists 
frequently preached there. 

The first orchard in the township was planted by the hands of Roljert 
Hanna. Sr.. who obtained the trees at Lawrenceburg. This was about 
1806. possibl}- a year later. 

The name "Fairfield" was suggested by the general lieaut\- of the 


country, as viewed by the pioneer band. Here the Indian tribes frequently 
camped for weeks at a time. 

The first wagon in this township, possibly in Franklin county, was 
brought in here by Ro bert Temp lctoii. Sr., and he also brought a cart. 
The old tar bucket, used to grease the wooden axle of the wagon, was still 
preserved in the eighties. 

The following autograph letter from Hon. Thomas Jefferson was in 
reply to a petition forwarded by Gen. Robert Hanna to President James 
Monroe, through the hands of Thohias Jefferson^ asking that Revolu- 
tionary widows be granted a pension. Jefferson and Hanna were school- 
fellows at William and Mary College, in Virginia. The letter rearls : 

"Monticello, January i6, 1820. 

"A letter from you, dear sir, comes to me like one from the tonibs 
of the dead. So long is it since I have had any evidence that you were in 
the land of the living and so few are now who were fellow-laborers in the 
struggle for the liberation of our country. And I rejoice to find that ad- 
vancing years are the only assailants on your health mentioned in your let- 
ter. Time, as well as ill-health, bear heavily un me. Immediately on the 
receipt of your letter, I forwarded it to the President with the expression 
of interest I felt for your petition, and he will not be slow in giving his 
attention to Revolutionary mothers. 

"I tender you my best wishes for the continuance of your life and 
health as long as you shall yourself wish them to continue. 

"Th. Jefferson. 

"Gen. Robert Hanna. "_ \U^,oOv P^t^t-cx^-^^i^c.c.'^^ZZ^ie'^^ ' 

The township ofl^cers in 1915 are as foUovi's: Trustee, H. H. Rose; 
assessor, John T. Buckley; justice of the peace, Emmett Apsley. 


This place was platted October, 18 15, by Hugh Abernathy, George 
Johnston, Thomas Osborn and James Wilson, the four corners of their 
respective lands being in the center of the platting. An addition was made 
in 1817. It is situated in secti(jn 21, township 10 north and range 2 west. 

A postoffice was established in 1820 with Charles Shriner as post- 

The village was incorporated as a town. May 9, 1876. had a municipal 
existence as long as there was any demand for such corporation, and dis- 
banded many years since. 



The first tavern was (jpcncil (jii the corner of Main and Market streets. 
Thomas Harvey and Cliarles Donovan were early landlords. 

In 1816, or possibly 18 17, Thomas Eads ("father of the now world- 
famed Captain Eads of jetty fame, the man who built the great steel bridge 
at St. Louis) conimcnced merchandising at Fairrield. Messrs. Emerson, 
Drew and Rose succeeded Eads in the store. Rose always claimed to have 
built tlie fir^t frame house in Fairfield. 

A Mr. Lariniorc, from Cincinnati, was the first produce dealer. He 
ran a wagon through this settlement and paid as low as two cents per dozen 
for fresh eggs. 

Robert Dare was a weaver of the village and made fancy "cover- 
lets." The first shoemaker was John Miller. 

The earliest physicians of Fairfield were Doctors Smith, Michael Mil- 
ler and St. John. The last named was grandfather of ex-Governor St. 
John, of Kansas. For thirty years and more Dr. O. H. Donogh prac- 
ticed medicine in Fairfield. 

An early singing master was T. W. Bonham. who taught a term of 
thirteen evenings for one dollar per scholar in 1838, the pupils finding their 
own tallow candles. 

David D. Dubois had the first reaper in the township — the reliable 

The churches, schools and lodges have been treated in separate chap- 
ters, so need not here be further mentioned. 

Fairfield has had its share of fires and consequent loss of property. 
Commencing in 1859, the block from where IMiller & Tyner's store is now 
located to the Odd Fellows' hall was destroyed by fire. This fire swept 
away the old hotel. Doctor Babb's drug store. Wash Adams' tailor shop, 
a shoe shop, harness shop and furniture store. 

In December, 1877. the residence of .Mrs. Mahala Cheney fell before 
the furious flames. Three years later the residence of J. H. Whitney barely 
•escaped destruction by the burning of a wash-house near bv. Coming 
down to the autumn of 1897, on Saturday afternoon, October '30, the cry 
of "fire" was heard in the village, and an hour later five families were 
homeless. Twelve thousand dollars' worth of property was destroyed. 
Among the losses were th<:»se sustained at the Cushman home, the Mary P. 
Cory place, the Logan house, and the Tyner and Loper places. Loper & 
Sons' carriage factory- was on fire twice, but finally was saved by heroic 


Fairfield was once a rival for county-scat honors in Frankliii-r'nion 
counties. Before the rlivision of the counties, lion. Mr. McCarthy was elected 
as representative to the Lejjislature. and during his term of office the mat- 
ter of creating- a new county came up and, finding that the bill was to 
pass, making what is now known as i'"ranklin county, he, though elected 
by the votes of the upper portion of the county, saw more money for him- 
self in aiding Brookville to secure the county seat. He had friends pur- 
chase a large amount of lands in and near lirookville, and thus what had been 
planned from the early date, namely, to make Fairfield t!ie scat of justice, 
fell through and Brookville was awarded the honors, so state the citizens 
of Fairfield. Before the division of the county, Fairfi.cld was nearer the 
center of the territory than was Brookville. 

When Fairfield was laid out, the proprietors donated a public square 
in the center of the plat, and this is still used for such, minus the coveted 
court house which it was intended should at no distant day be erected 
thereon. Some good hitching posts and a town pump are all that now 
mark the "square" as being public property. 

The business and social interests of Fairfield in the spring of 19 15 
were in the hands of the following citizens : General dealers, .\mzv Ban- 
ning, George Jinks; drugs. Dr. John M. Linegar; meats, J. B. Lukcr; phy- 
sicians, Drs. John L. Linegar, A. L. Preston; barber, D. N. Hanna; board- 
ing house. C. R. Dare and wife; milk collection station, the French Cream 
Company, which runs two wagons ; blacksmith shops. FI. O. Ward. Tohn 
Snider: steam saw-mill, George Personette. 

The lodges of Fairfield are the Masonic, Oddfellows, Red ^len and 
Knights of Pythias, with their ladies' auxiliary societies. See Lodge 
chapter for detailed account of these societies. 

The only churcli of the village is the ^lethodist Episcopal. See Church 

The school building is a fine two-storv frame structure. 


Ray township is the southeastern subdivision of Franklin county. It is 
north of Ripley county, west of Butler township, south of Salt Creek town- 
ship and east of Decatur county. It comprises a fraction more than forty 
sections of land and is made up from a part of four congressional townships. 
Six whole and two fractional sections in township 11 north, range 12 east: 


six whole sections of touii.shi]) 11 ii'^rtli, ranj^'c 11 east: nine sections and 
five fractinnal sections in townsliip 10 nt^rth, range 12 east; and eleven whole 
sections and five fractional sections in township 10 north, range 11 east. It 
has a triangular point extending to the southwest, containing about six sec- 
tions of land. 

The first mention of Ray township in the commissioners' records is 
found in Record G, page 102, and it appears that on that date, January 8, 
1828, Ray township came into existence. It is not stated that it was created 
on that date, but since no mention is found concerning it previous to that 
time, it may be taken as conclusive evidence that the above date marks the 
beginning of its independent career as a township. At that time it was 
"ordered that the sixth township be bounded as follows : Beginning at the 
northeast corner of township 11, range 12 east; thence west to the western 
boundary of the county; then south to the southwest corner of Franklin 
county; thence in a northeasterly direction on the Grouseland purchase line to 
where the south boundary of said county intersects said line: thence east on 
said line to where a line drawn due north will strike the southeast corner of 
township II, in range 12 east; thence north to the place of beginning, to be 
called Ray township." 

It was named in honor of James B. Ray, governor of Indiana at the 
time, a former resident of Franklin county. Subsequently, with the creation 
of Salt Creek (May 8, 1844) and ]\Ictamora and Butler (September 5. 1849), 
Ray township was reduced to its present size. The ]May following the or- 
ganizing of this township by the commissioners, an election was ordered held 
at the house of Thomas Cooskey. 

There are many hills and valleys in the township. The soil is a clay, 
with here and there small deposits of loam, with some gravel scattered here 
and there. Big Salt creek crosses the western part of the township in the 
northeasterly direction. Harvey's branch unites with Big Salt creek north 
of the township line. Laughery creek rises in the center of the township and 
courses southward into Ripley county. Smaller streams tributary to those al- 
ready mentioned, include Clear fork. Bull fork and Davidson's branch. 

Through the thrift and labor of the German people, this township has 
been developed and stands high among the sister townships. The population 
in 1890 was 2,224; i" IQOO it stood 2,788, while the 1910 United States 
census gives its population as 2,017, including Oldenburg. 



On account of not [jropcrly wci.i^hin;,^ the value of the soil and timber 
in this part of Franklin county, it was not settled quite as early as other 
parts. But when tlie great Cicrnian ininiigration set in, wending: its way 
from the Ohio river points to the west, it was carefully examined by a sturdy 
class of agriculturists, who saw in the hills and valleys of the southwestern 
part of the county a good spot in which they might build homes for them- 
selves, organize schools and churches after their own liking. Today it is 
populated almost solely by these home-loving, school and church-loving and 
money-making people. Thrift is seen in the scores of good farms, excellent 
farm houses and barns, now I)eing enjoyed by the second and third genera- 
tions since the township was first settled. 

The record shows the first land entry there was made December 17, 
1 8 14, by B. Fitzpatrick, who made a permanent settlement and at once com- 
menced improving his land, which was located in section 30, township il, 
range 12. The same year came Jnhn FTawkins, who. however, did not re- 
main long nor make substantial ini])r(,nements. The first settler of whom 
much is known was William George on the east half of the southwest quarter 
of section 4, township 10, range 12, the same being included in the present 
town site of Oldenburg. This ^^fr. George, with a brother, came to the 
township in 1S17. The following year came in Nicholas Longworth from 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and he entered many tracts of land here and there through- 
out the township. Records show that home-seekers flocked hither in great 
numbers from 1S36 to 1838 and on, until all lands were entered. With 
scarcely an exception, tliese settlers were German-speaking people, many 
direct from the Fatherland. The major part were of the Catholic religious 
faith, with now and then a colony of Protestants, who vrere of the Lutheran 
faith, and both sects early established churches of their choice in the com- 
munity in which they entered lands. The Catholics settled in and near the 
section now known as Oldenburg and Enochsburg, while the Protestants 
located near present Huntersville. It should be added, before leaving the 
matter of pioneer settlement, that there were not a great number of immi- 
grants to this township until about 1836. Among the vanguard of these 
thrifty settlers were two prominent characters, John H. Pla.spohl and John 
'H. RonnebauuL These men possessed considerable means and saw a chance 
to make vastly more by enduring the hardships and privations oi frontier 
life a few vears. Thev resided in the city of Cincinnati, and entered large 


tracts of land in Ray township, inducing many of their friends and countrv- 
men to accompany them. It was hy tliis colony that (Jldenburg was finally 
platted by autJK-rity (»f tlie Catholic jJCople. and it has ever been populated 
by the membership of this church, and here a great church and scho(jl society 
have sijrung up and its work is known far and near. 

While it is impossible to trace the comings and goings of all these what 
might properly be termed "early settlers," it may be stated that in addition 
to those already named as having entered lands, there was Edward Wacchtur. 
a former member of the board of county commissioners for Franklin 
county. He was a wheelwright by trade and emigrated from Clermanv in 
1838. He remained two \'ears in Cincinnati, settling in Ray township in 
1840. His earliest residence was the log cabin erected by the William 
George, above mentioned. 

The first tavern keeper in the township was Joseph Huegle. wh'> hung 
to the sport of the winds his tavern sign in Oldenburg. 

The first shoemaker was Bernard Ilinnekamp. Conrad Huermann was 
the pioneer blacksmith, who wielded the firsl sledge within the village. 

Among the first to engage in tlie sale of merchandise was John Henry 
Fisse. who became independently wealthy and was well known up and down 
the White Water valley. 

The history of the Catholic church and Sisters school, now so promin- 
ent a factor in this county and state, is given in the chapter on Churches, 
hence need not be mentioned in this connection. 


The following towns and villages have been platted in this township : 

Enochburg. in 1836, now has a population of fifty; Oldenburg, platted in 

1837, has a population of about one thousand; Huntersville was laid out in 

•1841 and now has a population of two hundred, being considered as a 

suburb of Ratesville, as it adjoins that town, over the Ripley coumv line. 

The only business in Huntersville is the general merchandise store of 
Richard Schroeder, who also runs a saloon. The only church building there 
is the Evangelical Lutheran. (See Church chapter.) 

St. Bernard was the name of a town platted in 1869 by Bernard Kamps. 
who purchased a cpiarter section of land in section 4 of this township, about 
two and a half miles to the west of Oldenburg. It was a speculative, schem- 
ing plan upon the part of its proprietor to realize a lot of money by selling 
town lots. It was advertised extensivelv. excursions run from Cincinnati. 

A,-.: ! 


and on a certain day the lots were sold at public auction. A goodly nimil>c-r 
were disposed of. hut all whcj invested what they put in. as the land upon 
which the town had been platted was covered by a first mortgage for pur- 
chase price, and when the payments were not met the first mortgage owner 
came in and foreclosed, taking all upon the grounds, even to fences that had 
been built by innocent purchasers. The history of the \illage was all made 
from 1869 to 1875. There was a steam saw-mill, a two-story frame build- 
ing with a store situated in the first story, and a blacksmitii shop, and this 
was about all the improvements that were made. "It leaked out," said an old 
pioneer who was posted, "that the land was mortgaged anrl as soon as people 
at the public sale found this out. they were not anxious to buy lots." The 
place is, and has been for a numljer of decades, in the midst of a plowed field. 

Hamburg, platted in 1864. has a jxjpulation of about eighty. This place 
is on the line Ijetween Salt Creek and Ray townships, and was platted by 
Wesley Marlin. the IMarlin family I)eing among the ])ioncer settlers. St. 
Ann's Catholic school and a day school were located at this jx^int. 

The following have ser\ed as postmasters at Hamburg since the estab- 
lishment of the office, in July. 1867. The dates given and list of postmasters 
were furnished by the postoflice department at Washington especially for 
this work. Dates indicate time Avhen appointed: John Huber, July 11, 1867: 
Vincent Welling. August 23. 1867: Joseph Clementz. July i. 1873; Henry 
Seibel, February 23, 1877; William Dwenger. November 28. 1882: Williatn 
B. Dwenger. April 5, 1888: Daniel Seil)el, April 15. 18S9: William Dwenger. 
Jr., December 30, 1890: F. C. Xoble, April 12, 1893; Conrad Hittle. March 
30, 1894; Francis Dwenger. January 9. 1901 ; Conrad Hittle. December 17, 
1901 ; William Huser. March 9. 1903; Anthony Zielglcr. December 29. 
1904; Frank Bedel, January 12, 1912. 

Having located the plats of the township it now remains to give a clear 
understanding as to what the development has been from the first to the 
present date. 

It should be said of Enochburg. the oldest platting in the township, that 
it is on the extreme western side of the township and county. Also that it is 
partly built in Decatur county. It was laid out by Enoch Abrahams and 
Woodson Clark, March 12, 1836. and named in honor of one of its proprietors. 
Here St. John the Evangelist church is located. The part of the village 
within Ray township has a few stores and shops for the accommodation of 
the surrounding settlement. 

The next larger town to the seat of justice in Franklin county is Olden- 
burg, a beautifully situated place, where all nature seems to have lavished 


her elements l)roadcast to make it an ideal location for the purpose which 
the pioneers put it t'l — the seat of a j^reat religious and school center f<jr the 
Catholics. It is on the banks of I farvey's creek, a tributary of Salt creek, and 
but three and a half miles north from Batesville, on the Big Four railway 
system. A solid rock turnpike connects Oldenburg with Bate^^ville. and 
hacks carry passengers to and from the two points. The town of ''Olden- 
burg was platted I)y settlers already named, John H. Ronnebaum and John 
H. Plaspolil, in July, 1837. It had a population of 673 in 1880, and at the 
last federal census it was given as 956. It is within a prosi)erous farnn'ng 
section, with peace, contentment and much wealth, as a result of many years 
of frugality on the part of the thrifty, painstaking German element there 
found as sole owners of the land. Looking back to the records of 
more than a third of a century ago. one finds located there numerous fac- 
tories (this was in a time when such industries were more common in small 
towns than today), and among these may be recalled the St. Joseph woolen 
mills, that in iS'82 employed about forty hands, producing an excellent 
quality of woolen goods. This factory was built in i860, just before the 
opening of the Civil War, by J. H. Sellmeyer. who, in 1872. sold to D. H. 
Flodder & Company, who continued until the death of Mr. Flodder. in May, 
1880, after which it was operated by Val Duttonln/'efer & Company, who 
put in better, more up-to-date machinery. It continued a few years longer, 
but, with hundreds of other small town factories, had to quit the field, as 
such industries were being centralized in larger trade centers and controlled 
by larger concerns. 

A tannery was established there in about 184^ by the same gentleman 
that established the woolen mills. It was in the hands of the Sellmeyer 
family many years and operated under the name of Sellmever & Son. .Vn 
excellent grade of home-tanned leather was here produced bv the aid of 
more than a dozen competent workmen. The leather thus tanned found 
ready market at home, and many persons still long for those days when 
leather was honestly made by home tanners, and not rotted by acids now 
used in the "trust" tannery concerns of the covmtry. 

The township officers in 1915 are: Trustee, Frank Flodder: assessor, 
John Fluser; advisory board, Henry Ilaverkos, Joseph Xeise. Frank Raver; 
constable, Peter I'istner; su[jcr\isors. Jacob Etter, Tom E. Bedel, Leo Bauer. 
Anthonv Brandes. 



Oldenburg was incorporated in i88i. The town recorrls have been 
lost, so that the names of early officers cannot be secured. It is a matter of 
record, however, that the following have served as presidents of the boarrl of 
trustees since 18S5 : C. Hunnemeyer. Bernard Robbcn. Henry Klcinnicyer 
August Ortinann, Bernard Rol)l)en. Joseph Suhre. John Lamping, J. H 
Haverkos, Ben 3.foellers, John Ortniann, Daniel Schwegtl, J. F. Burdick 
Henry Wittenberg. Joseph Haverkos, Jr., Joseph B. Mollaun, Frank E. 
Moorenian, Henry Baumer, Joseph Freihage. 

The town officials in 1915 are: Joseph Friehage, president; Henry 
Gehring, Theodore Heitlage, Joseph Schmidt, William B. Schcele ; clerk, 
Harry Mollaun ; marshal, Stephen Karg; treasurer, Harry Burdick. 

Electricity is produced by a private home comjiany and electric lights 
illuminate most of the buildings in the town, including the schools and 

The business interests of Oldenburg are now summed up as follows: 
Steam saw-mill and planer, George IToltcl. which business was established 
in the eighties at the place that had just failed as a furniture factory. The 
flouring mills, owned and operated by Frank B. Moorman, date back in their 
history to 1S53, when a steam saw-mill was set in motion by Fisher & Dick- 
man, w^ho later added a run of stones and ground flour. This mill was 
burned in 1884, and the present roller-process mill was erected and oper- 
ated for ten years by Joseph A. Luesse, who sold it to }i[r. Moorman. The 
mill has a capacity of fifty barrels per day and does a custom exchange busi- 

The Catholic church and civic society history appears in separate chap- 

The retail dealers and shops of the town are as follows: General 
dealers, William Hoelker, J. H. Kessing & Son. J. F. Burdick. C. H. Kessing; 
confectionery, Henry Koepde ; barber, Peter Kellermann ; hotel. The Gibson 
House, by Joseph ]\Ierchen, another conducted by J. H. Macke; farm im- 
plements, John Struewing; livery, Joseph Freihage; furniture. R. 'SI. Blank; 
undertaker, B. J. Kessing; millinery, Airs. H. Hermann. Loretta :\Iollaum; 
jewelry, C. H. Kessing ; harness shop. John Lampking, J. B. MoUaum ; shoe 
repairs, Joseph Kessing. J. IT. Haverkos: blacksmith.?. Pau.l Munchel, Her- 
man Eiineking, Clem Fisher; veterinary surgeon, Christ BischofY; phvsician, 
P. L. Mull; lumber, George Holtel & Company; tailor, J. H. AMttenberg; 


meats. Joseph Kencrm.-uin : stock dealers, X. G. Gloshen, Ed. Kessinj^; Ijank, 
The Farmers c^ Merchant'^: postoffice, with George Tloltel. Jr.. po-tmaster, 
receiving tliree daily mails tnnn r,atesvillc and one from Hamhurg. There 
are six saloons or bar-mums in the tuwn, Joe Merchen. John Wesslcr. i*eter 
Kellermann, Frank Meppner, John Hejjpncr. I'eter Pistncr. 

At an early day there was a brewery built there and ojicrated by its 
owner, B. Koell, until about 1900, when he sold the ijrounds and buildings 
to the Catholic Sisters, who removed the buildings and erected otheri for 
their own use. What is known as "conmion beer" was made here and found 
ready sale among the nearby German settlers. 


The following have served as postmasters at Oldenburg since the estab- 
lishment of the office, December 9, 1845. The dates given show when ap- 
pointed or commissioned, the same having been furnished for this work by 
the postal department at Washington, D. C. : Joseph Hugle, December 9, 
1845; J. F. Xiedhamer, October 24. 1849: J. F. Fisse, November 28. 1S50; 
J. B. Fisse, March 9, 1864: Joseph Suhre. December 9, 1864: J. H. Sell- 
meyer, Februar}- 19, 1866; Conrad Mohr. T'ebruary 21. iSi^i : August Hack- 
man, April 2^, 1883: Frank Scheper. May 15, 1885; A. A. Hackman. April 
12, 1889; John H. Haverkos, June 24, 1893; '^- ^^ ■ Romweber, June 10, 
1897; A. A. Hackman, January 4, 1901 ; Peter Schreiner, January 3, 1907; 
George Holtel, Jr., February 11, 1913. 


The first mutual insurance company organized in Franklin county was 
the Farmers Mutual Insurance Company, which dates its beginning from 
April 18, 1868. Its membership is confined to Ray township, with head- 
quarters at Oldenburg. The first officers were as follow : George Giesting. 
president ; Bernard Fehrmann, treasurer : George B. Holtel, secretar}- ; John 
Pohlmann, Frederick Brockmann and Bartholomew Oswald, appraisers. 

That the company has lieen prospennis is indicated by the fact that it 
now has one hundred and ele\en thousand dollars worth of policies out- 
standing. The company empltns no agents and the business is in charge of 
the president and secretary. The present secretary of the company. Frank J. 
Raver, has proved an efficient official and has handled the atitairs of the 
company in a very satisfactory manner since taking charge of them. The 


present officers are as follow: Anthony Brockman. president; John G. Oes- 
terling, treasurer; I'rank [. Raver, secretary; Anthony W. W'aecliter, Louis 
Placke and George ScliDne, appraisers; Louis G. Schonc and J'^^eph Xiese. 
examining committee. 


Salt Creek township is on the western line of the county, with Kay 
township at its south, Posey and Laurel on its north, and Metamora and 
Butler townships to the east. Tliis sulxlivision of Franklin county com- 
prises the territory situated within sixteen sections of township 1 1 north, 
range 12 east, and twelve sections of township 11 north, range 11 east, 
and contains twenty-eight square miles. On May 8, 1844, the commis- 
sioners — Eliphalet Barber, Enoch Abrahams and Amos D. Martin — estab- 
lished a new township known as Salt Creek, the township being formed out 
of Ray. The record reads as follows : 

"On petition of numerous citizens of Ray township, praying for di- 
vision of said township, thereby forming two separate and distinct town- 
ships, it was ordered by the Iioard that said division line should commence 
at the eastern extremity of said township of Ray between sections 24 and 
25, town II, range 12, and nm due west to the western extremity of same 
township, and furthermore ordered that the new township called Salt Creek 
should be formed of all that territory lying north of said division line and 
comprise sections i, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 
18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, of township 11, range 12, also sections i, 2, 3, 
10, II, 12, 13, 14, 15. 22, 23, and 24 of township 11 of range 11 and all 
that remaining territory consisting of sections 25. 26, 2"], 28, 29. 30. 31, 
32. 33- 34- Zi' 36. township 11 and range 12. and sections 25. 26. 2~, 34, 35. 
36, of township 11 and range 12; also sections i, 2. 3. 4, 5. 6, 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 
16, 17, 18, 19, 20 of township 10, range 12, or all that part of the former 
township of Ray not included in the new formed township of Salt Creek 
shall be knowai and designated as the township of Ray.'' 

This is the first township established by the commissioners, which is 
represented in the records by a map. There are two small maps defining 
both Salt Creek and Ray townships by sections, townships and ranges. 

The surface of the township is rough and broken. The soil is clay, 
with a mixture of loam. The bottom lands along the streams tliat course 
through its territory are the most valuable and productive in character. 


In places the uplands are very desirable for agricultural purposes. Like 
Ray and other townships, this section of the county was left until the last, 
the early settlers looking for good timber and larger water courses for a 
place in which t(; make homes for themselves. /Ml of the eastern portion 
of this townsliip lies within the celebrated Twelve-mile Purchase strip, hence 
did not come into market until a number of years after lands within the 
Wayne Purchase did. 

The first land entered within Salt Creek township was the north- 
west quarter of section 4, township 11, range 12, by William Henderson, 
under date of October 21, 181 1. 

The first improvements were effected along the streams. The first 
clearing in the township was on the bottom lands, near the junction of 
Little Salt creek with the main stream, not far from where Rev. John 
Baker, the pioneer preacher, located. 

Among the early pioneers were: Alexander Davidson, 1833; 
William Pruet, 1834; Road Holly (colored), 183T; Thomas McBluni, 
1835; John Deckens, 1833; Benjamin Smothers, 1S32; Joshua Lawson, 
1835; Jacob dinger, 1832; Plugh Smothers, 1832; Charles Marlin, 1832; 
Mizel Belangee, 1832; Thomas Cooksey, 1833; James Holscy, 1833; 
Mathias Davis, 1833; William Bohannon, 1833; John Morford, 1834: Cal- 
vin Clark, 1835; Henry Davis, 1828; Thomas Malston (colored), 1S24; 
Edmund Adams, 181 7. 

The churches and lodges as well as schools form se])arate chapters, 
hence are not treated in this chapter. 

The township's population in 1890 was 1,073; '" 1900 it was S49 and 
in 1910 it had dwindled to 699. 

The towns and villages of the township have been as follows: Pep- 
pertown, in the eastern portion, on the main road from Metamora to 
Oldenbiirg, in the center nf a large, thrifty German settlement. It v.-as 
laid out by Fielding Berry, a surveyor, for John Koener, proprietor, in 
August, 1859, and received its name from August Pepper, who located 
on the site in 185 1. It now has a population of one hundred. 

The present business, etc., of Peppertown consists of the following: 
A general merchandise store by Louis Koerner ; a blacksmith shop by 
Jacob Reifel. and it is situated on the rural free delivery from r^Ietamora. 
Its only church Ijuilding is the Lutheran. 

Stips' Hill, once an important place in the township, a little to the 
northwest, has a population of about one hundred. It was here that the 
first postofiice was established in the township. John Wildridge was post- 


master. Charles Marlin is supposed to have been the first person to sell 
goods at this place; he used a part of his residence for a storeroom. See 
"Stips' Hill Postoffice" further on in this chapter, a valuable contribution. 

Buena Vista, another small village along the northwestern border 
of the township, is partly in this and partly in Posey township. It was 
laid out in July, 1848, by William Pruct, who owned land adjoining in 
both townships. What is known still at Stips' ITill postoffice is located 
there. There are a few stores and shops, such as are usually found in 
small inland hamlets. 

Hamburg, with a present population of about eighty, partly in this 
and partly in Ray township, was platted in 1869. Here one finds a small 
trading center, much appreciated by the surrounding community. 

Sometime prior to 1858, Ward postoliice was established in this town- 
ship, but since the days of rural free delivery it is unknown as a post- 


August , Pepper, an early settler in this township, and for whom the 
village of Peppertown was named, was by trade a calico printer and carried 
on the business when he settled in this section. Pie was associated with 
Mr. Koener, the founder of the village, and they conducted a country 
store. These two excellent gentlemen left a record of many thrilling in- 
cidents connected with the early history of this county. One of the stories 
runs thus : "Nat jMarlin and I went into the woods in November to hunt our 
hogs. We soon agreed to separate, one going in one direction and the other 
in another. Toward night I lost my way and became confused as to my 
whereabouts in the woods. I saw a light which indicated a clearing and soon 
found myself at the cabin of Mr. Scott, where the large stone house later was 
built. I was lost not far from the old brick church." 

In the extreme northwest corner of the township, and running over into 
Posey township, there was once quite a settlement of colored people. It also 
ran over into Decatur county, and there was enacted many a scene connected 
with the fugitive slave workings in this and adjoining counties. 

A block-house once stood on section 33, in what is now Laurel township, 
near the Salt Creek line. In later years the land was owned by Spencer Wilev, 
Esq. The remains of the block-house were visible in the eighties, if not later. 
This place of refuge was built as a protection against the Indians in the War 
of 1812. It has gone under three or more names: "Baker's block-house," 
"Hawkins' block-house" and the "Salt Creek block-house." There it was, or 

•fj"! ../J /U ■" 


near- that point, that Rev. John Rakfr, the indepcMidcnt minister, located. The 
Baker improvement was entered l)y Isaac Stips, in January, 1814, and later 
was owned hy the Hawkins estate. 

It was proljably in March, iSu. when two youn;^ men named Stafford 
and Toone were ciiopping' f(jr Father Baker on the bottom lantls, near the 
confluence of Little Salt creek and the main stream, and not far from where 
the road from Hawkins to Stip^' Hill begins to ascend the valley. These 
men were cutting "rolling lengths."' and had agreed to chop one more tree 
before quitting work for the night. It being dark, th.ey lighted a brush camp- 
fire, by the light of which a party of Indians crept up and shot them. Toone 
was wounded in the abdomen and escaped to the cal)in of Father Baker, 
where he died the following morning. Stafford was shot through the hips 
and was unable to escape. He was tomahawked three times and three scalps 
taken off his head, but he probably lived several hours thereafter. The In- 
dians stripped him of his clotliing and took their departure. The road to 
Stips" Flill, before mentioned, was formerly tlic "Shawnee Trace."' or not far 
from it. These Indians escaped along this path and tore StatTord"s shirt into 
fragments, which they scattered along the way to lure the pursuers into an 
ambush. The news of this act spread rapidly from station to station, and 
soon brought together a band of frontiersmen, who recovered Stafford's body . 
and went in pursuit of the Indians. This band was composed of five or six 
men, who were the most experienced in woodcraft, and among the number 
were two or three of the Brison family. They followed the trail until nighr, 
when they discovered the Indian camp, and early next morning opened fire 
upon them (there were but three of the Indians), killing one in his tracks 
and badly wounding a second. The third escaped by hiding in the tall grass 
nearby, while the whites were scalping the first two. Having accomplished 
their object, the party returned, but they had been watched by the Indian in 
the tall grass and he resolved to have revenge upon them. That Indian was 
Bill Killbuck, an account of whose death is commonly known to the readers 
of Indiana history. 

stips' hill postoffice. 

The following was contributed for a weekly paper some years since by 
M. A. Ailes, and it is too good an account to be lost to the historical collection 
of the township and count}', hence is here reproduced : 

The passing of Stips' Hill postoffice closes an interesting chapter in the 
history of Salt Creek township, one that is of more than local interest, for 


there are persons, n<> douht, in e\ery state in the Union who reniemher mes- 
sages sent and received through tliis office. 

In the year 1814 Isaac Stips hought or entered land near the confluence 
of the Little Salt creek with the stream called Big Salt creek and at the foot 
of the hill afterward known as Stips' hill. This territory is located in what is 
known as the Twelve-mile Purchase and the road that ascends the hill is the 
old Stale road. 

The first postoffice in the township was at the foot of Stips' hill, with 
Isaac Stips, John W'ildrig and James Halsey, in turn, as postmasters, but 
eventually the office was removed to Robert Ward's, on the top of the hill. 
It was again moved further to the west and Thomas Gard held it for some 
years. Gard kei)t a small grocery store, and some persons went there to get 
a drink and got their mail, while others went there for mail and got a drink. 

The office was again moved westward and Aaron Ailes was postmaster 
for some years. Following him came Alexander Davison, who held the office 
many years, including the time of the Civil War. A.t that time the mail was 
received only once a week — on Saturday. 

When you remember that Salt Creek township gave more men. in pro- 
portion to its population, to the w-ar than any place in th.e county, possibly in 
the state, you can understand what "mail day" meant to the anxious ones at 
home, with mail only once a week. The writer has stood with the crowds 
that gathered at Alexander Davison's house and yard impatiently waiting, 
yet fearing to hear the '"news" fnjm the boys at the front. After a battle, 
old men with pale faces and throbbing hearts would listen for their names 
to be called, for !Mr. Davison always called the letters off. There were aged 
parents that had bid "Godspeed" to three or four stalwart sons, and Satur- 
days would bring letters from some of them. Sometimes the address was in 
a strange hand and a comrade had written the heart-breaking news that dis- 
ease or bullets had laid low one of the dear ones. Mothers, wives and sweet- 
hearts almost held their breath until the roll was called. While many mes- 
sages of love and hope came to gladden their lives, others brought grief and 
distress. While they had come hoping, they went to their homes bowed 
down with grief and sorrow. Those days can never be forgotten. 

At last the postoffice found a permanent home at Buena Vista, four 
miles west of the starting place, although it has changed hands a number of 
times. Among the number holding it were James Osborn, Mr. Gaskil. Arthur 
Alford and Corydon Brown, the latter being postmaster at the date of its de- 
mise, August 14, 1909, after eighty or ninety years' existence. The record 
of the numerous carriers and their experience would be a chapter of itself. 


The territory which tiie carriers passed in the early clays was almost an un- 
broken wilderness, in which was heard the cry of the panther and other wild 
animals, while Indians, also, were numerous. A few rods from the first post- 
office the Indians shot two boys who were at work in the woods, and their 
graves are with us today. 

When we grow old we cling to the things of the past, and when the 
ruthless hand of Time makes changes we look upon them with disapproval, 
even when we know it is better thus. 

Farewell, dear friend! Thuu didst not bring us the sweetest messages 
of our lives, but farewell ! 


Laurel civil township is on tlie northern line of Franklin county, bounded 
by Blooming Grove and xMetamora townships on the east, Metamora and 
Salt Creek townsliips on the south and Posey township on tlie west. It con- 
tains all of congressional township 12, range 12 east, except sections 2;, 26, 
35 and 36, which are within Metamora townsliip. 

On March 6, 1845, the board of commissioners divided Posey township 
and out of a portion of said township erected the new township of Laurel. 
The record reads as follows : "On petition of a large number of the citizens 
of Posey township for the division of said township in the words following, 
to wit: 'To the honorable board of commissioners of the countv of Franklin 
state of Indiana : The undersigned petitioners of the township of Posey labor 
under great inconvenience on account of the township being too large, we 
therefore pray the honorable board to divide the said township, to wit T Com- 
mencing on the corners of sections 5 and 6 and running thence due south on 
the section lines until it intersects the line between the township of Posey 
and Salt Creek. This division will make the new township two by six miles 
and the old township five by six miles.' Said petitions being publiclv read 
and no objection being made, the board ordered said township divided as fol- 
lows, to wit : Commencing on the line between the counties of Favette and 
Franklin between sections 5 and 6 in congressional township 12 of range 12 
east, m said Franklin county ; running thence due south on the sections lines 
till it strikes the south boundary line of said township 12 of range 12. 
and that part of the aforesaid Posey township being on the west side of the 
aforesaid division line be called and known by the name of Posey township, 
and that part of the aforesaid Posey township being on the east side of said 
division line be known by the name of Laurel township." 



As to the topography and water courses, it may be said that a large part 
of Laurel township is bottom land and is unusually productive. The banks 
and uplands of the western portion possess a large amount of excellent build- 
ing stone, elsewhere mentioned. The West fork of White river courses 
through the central portion, fr(jm the north, the principal tributaries of which 
are Salt creek, which crosses the southeastern corner; Sillimon's creek, Seine's 
creek and smaller streams from the righ.t-hand side. Little Duck creek drains 
the eastern portion of the township, on its course south to meet the waters 
of Duck creek in ]Metamora township. 

The township, in 19 lo, had a population of 1,209. In 1890 it had 1,760 
and in 1900 it was 1,412, showing a constant decrease. 


The government land of^ce records show the following to have been the 
first land entries: Elijah Lympus, southwest quarter of section 3; James 
Agins, southeast quarter of section 9; William VanMeter, northeast quarter 
of section 21 ; Hugh Brison, southwest quarter of section 22; James McCoy, 
southwest quarter of section 21; John Conner, northwest quarter of section 
27; George Crist, southwest quarter of section 27; Eli Stringer, southeast 
quarter of section ^t,. 

These land entries were all made on October 21, 181 1, but the first entry 
in this township was that effected by Archibald Guthrew% who claimed the 
northeast quarter of section 3, October i, 1811, three weeks prior to the 
entries above named. A week later, October 28, 181 1, entries were made as 
follows : Samuel Garrison, northwest quarter of section 3 ; -William Smith, 
southwest quarter of section 3 ; Robert Russell, southw-est quarter of section 
9; James Russell, southwest quarter of section 24; James W. Bailey, south- 
west quarter of section 27. 

In November, 1811, Jacob jMonan entered the northwest quarter of sec- 
tion 34. 

In 1812 entries were made by Michael Monan, John Brison, John Crist 
and Henry Teagarden. 

In 1813 James Thomas, James C. Smith, John Ferris. John C. Harley 
and John Senour all took land by entry. 

In 1814 Joseph Hoffner, Thomas Williams, William ^laple, Spencer and 


J. Wiley, Enoch Russell, Stephen Bullock, Jonathan Webb and John Ferris 
claimed lantl by entry right. 

In 1815 lands were entered by Edward Toner, Harvey Lockwood, Ed- 
ward Brush, William Rimdle, Joshua Rice and AtwcU Jackman. 

In 1816 came John Arnold and Ephraini Young. 

In 181 7 entries were made by William Co.x, Hcjralio Mason, X. Harp, 
John Curry and Artcma D. Woodworth. 

In 1818 came Hugh .Mead, Otho Rencli, Allen Simpson, James and Sol- 
omon Cole and also William Gordon. 

In 182 1 land was entered by William Max^vell. 

To the north of the town of Laurel, in the White Water valley, the pion- 
eer settlers w-ere unquestionably these : Nathan Stringer, Samuel Garrison, 
Elihu and James Abbott. Jesse Stubbs, Johnson Clark, John Arnold. George 
Bellenger, Barrett Parrish and Abner Conner. 

On the land now occupied by the town of Laurel, Benjamin Maple set- 
tled, and the first to locate south of the present town in the township were : 
James Brison, Hugh Brison. John Brison. George and Jolm Crist, John and 
William Wilson, George Conn, James Allison, Edward Toner anrl James 
Toner. John H. Faurot settled in Laurel in 183 1 and many years ago gave 
his approval of these settlements, as they were then understood by residents 
themselves. It should be understood that many of the first settlers never en- 
tered land in the township. 

In October, 18 16, Edward Toner laid out a town site on the level bottom 
lands back from the river, in the southeast corner of section 9, and named it 
Somerset. For many years this was the trading center lor a large area of 
country. This tract is now but an out-lot of Laurel. Settlement gradually 
spread over the township until the construction of the canal was an assured 
fact, when many came in and engaged in various enterprises and speculations. 
About this date came James and Francis Conwell. James Con well was full 
of real enterprise and was a potent factor in the upbuilding of the community. 
He located at wdiat was many years styled "Bocum," a little above the village 
of Laurel. He entered all the vacant lands in that vicim'ty. and reallv laid 
well the foundation stones for civil and religious society. 

Benjamin i\Iaple, it is related, was the first man to settle on the site of 
Laurel. He was an immigrant from Pennsylvania and first went to Kentucky, 
coming to Indiana Territory in March, 181 r. He first lived in a log cabin he 
built, but later had a stone resilience. By trade he was a tanner and sunk a 
few vats below his house. He was a strict ]Methochst and aided in forming 
the first class at Laurel. His death occurred in 1824. 

i I 


Stephen Maple cleared the first ten acres of timl)er land on the great 
bottoms near Laurel, in March and April, 1812. He died at Rushville, in 
1873. aged seventy-nine years. 

John Maple Imilt a cahin w ht-re, later C. W. Burt lived. He dug and 
walled up the first well in the town, and it was still used in the eighties, and 
possibly now. A log school house was erected in 1812; it had a dirt floor, 
and there John ]\Iaijle taught the school. James Agin was elected a jus- 
tice of the peace in 18 13. The first mill for corn grinding was constructed 
in 1813 by Benjamin Maple on his farm. It was only a hand mill and the 
"stones" for grinding corn were lime rock. Before that, settlers were obliged 
to "go to mill" at Brookville or over to the Great ^liami. 


When this township was first settled and up to the War of 18 12, the In- 
dians in the White Water valley, in which this towtiship is located, were very 
troublesome. For this reason block-houses were constructed for protection 
against the savages. One of these stood on Garrison's creek, near the county 
line; Martin's block-house, on Seine's creek; Brison's bluck-house, on section 
32, and Hawkins' block-house, on Salt creek, were all built for the purpose 
just named. After the War of 1S12 the Indians soon departed for the north 
and west, and peace was enjoyed by the settlers. In March, 1S12. tlie Indians 
killed Stafford and Toone, an account of which is found elsewhere in this 

In 1814, during the month of ^larch, the Indians killed a Mr. M<)rgan 
and two boys who were boiling sap in the woods. It has been often related 
that the savages burned the parties in the fire under the sap-boiling kettles, 
but there is no positive proof of such a horrible crime. The man and boys 
were killed, however, and Captain Hull, with a company of rangers, followed 
the Indian band and captured and scalped them near Blue river town. 

Another incident is to the efifect that at another date Benjamin ]^Iaple 
was working near his mill, when an Indian came up in a half drunken con- 
dition and wanted to shake hands and get some liquor. Maple hung back 
from the hand-shaking and started for his cabin with the Indian after him. 
The race was a lively one, but ^laple sticceeded in getting into his cabin and 
fastened the door. The savage commenced kicking and beating the door, 
when John Maple, who had seen the whole performance, came up and knocked 
the Indian down with a club. At this juncture two or more Indians came to 
the scene and led their companion away. After a short time the Indians re- 
turned and told Maple that tli^y would declare peace for a gallon of whisky, 

I / '* 


but this was not accepted. Later they offered to make peace and shake hands 
for a quart of whisky, which was given them and truce was granted. 

Separate chapters will treat on the various church organizations of 
Laurel township and village. 

In March, 1849, h'^^^ immediately after gold had been discovered in Cal- 
ifornia, the following persons, citizens of this township, went overland to 
California: Edward Johnson, J. C. Wright, James H. Morgan, James "yi. 
Tyner, Henry Reed, John Evans, C. P. Ed^on, J. C. Burgoyne, Alex. Hous- 
ton, W. A. Patterson and W. X. Dougherty. Of these men, J. C. Burgoyne 
was the only person of the entire party then residing in Laurel. 

This township is now well settled and improved. There are hundreds 
of happy homes and many contented people within its boundaries. Schools, 
churches, roads and other internal improvements have kept pace with the ad- 
vance of years. 

The present township officers are: Trustee, S. W. Brier; assessor. Xick 
Hanncfey; advisory board, W. E. Ensminger, L. E. Seller and Clark Tague ; 
justice of the peace, C. H. Rciboldt: constable, Jess Reese; supervisors, Alex 
Hill No. I, Chas. Raham Xo. 2, John Hokey Xo. 3. 


Laurel was platted, originally, Xovember 30, 1836, by pioneer James 
Conwell, who had been selling goods from his house before that date. At 
first he intended naming his new town site Xew Baltimore, but later changed 
his notion and called his town Laurel after a town in his old home state, 
Maryland. It is situated on the old canal and is described on the maps as be- 
ing situated on parts of sections 9 and 10 in township 12, range 12 east. It 
is on the Big Four system of railroad. During the first few years of its his- 
tory it grew very rapidly, especially during the years in which the canal was 
being constructed, which was from 1839 to 1845. "Dove," the first canal 
boat to pass through the canal at this point, was owned by W. Harding, of 
Laurel. The opening of the canal brought in several new business factors, 
including IVIessrs. William S. Geyer, George and Samuel Shoup, David Haz- 
zard, Louis Steffey, the Snyder brothers. Doctor Giftord, James A. Derby- 
shire, Horatio Burgoyne, Joel Palmer and a few others. The population of 
Laurel in 19 10 was five hundred and three. 

Without further evidence of the spirit of enterprise and busv industries 
at this point, one has, today, but to look upon the ruins of numerous stone 
and brick structures, many years ago the scene of shops and factories and 


flouring mills. A wonderful talc conld these old buildings tell were they 
gifted with tongues. Here men bought anfl soM, manufactured an<l .>hi[)ped 
by water navigation many useful products. The old canal, completed in 1845, 
was the great artery of trade to and from the town, which grew rapidly until 
1852. Fortunes were here made, and in several instances lost. Many men 
of more than ordinary note have, at one time or another, resided in Laurel. 

The milling industry was > luc of much importance, but it has all disap- 
peared with the passage of years. The water power, once derived by tapping 
the canal, has been cut off, as now the canal carries no water in its bed above 
a point about one mile south of the town. From there on down to Erook- 
ville it has a steady, year-round current and gives the towns of Mctamora 
and Brookville a splendid power for mill and factory purposes. The first mill 
on the White Water river was built by one Van Meter, a fourth of a mile l>elow 
the feeder dam. Later, it was known as the Jcnks mill ; it was destroyed by 
the building of the canal, and it is related that Thomas Henderson, its owner 
at the time, recovered three thousand dollars in a suit at law against the 
state for the damages he had sustained. 

The next mill built was by John Ferris, three and a half miles below 
the town of Laurel. This mill burned and was never rebuilt. Mr. Webster 
then constructed a rude mill, near Laurel, at the site of the later "Laurel 
Wreath mills." It was of but little account. In 1843 Samuel Fisher removed 
and enlarged this mill and it was rebuilt by the Conwells once if not more 
times; it was burned in 1855. David Hazzard rebuilt in 1857, selling out to 
Johnson & ]Moak, and they in turn to James A. Derbyshire. It burned again 
in 1868, and in 1879 it was again rebuilt by Fisher & Withers. Later it was 
operated by Flerman B. Buhlmann. It was originally propelled by the waters 
of the river, but later utilized the water from a cut-oflf of the canal. 

The Laurel mills were built in 1845 ^^y Shoup, Cullum & Company. It 
was on the right bank of the canal, below the present railroad station. It 
was, perhaps, the most extensive mill ever erected in the White Water valley. 
It. was burned in March, 1877, never to be rebuilt. In the early eighties there 
was a small pulp mill operated on its old site. 

At an early date, a few hundred yards above the iron wagon bridge, 
there was erected a carding and woolen mill by Dennis Calhon. It was later 
purchased by Elias Macey, and finally burned. Macey rebuilt farther down 
stream, but, owing to the washout of his dam so many seasons, it was long 
since abandoned and but little trace of its foundation can now be seen. In 
this connection, it may be .stated that ahead of all these various mills there 
was the pioneer affair known as the old Maple hand-mill of a Mr. Davis, 


who set it in motion in 1816 on Garrison's creek. He aUo had a pottery 
there. The stones of this pioneer mill were to be seen as late as 1890. With 
the change of times and the process of making flour, now largely centralized 
in large grain centers, the milling interests of Laurel passed out of existence 
many years since, and t(?day flour is shipped in. instead of out of. the place. 

"In a very early day," says a pioneer, well posted, "you could stand on 
a hill and count the chimneys of thirteen distilleries up and down the river 
from Laurel." The one nearest to Laurel was the Webster distillery, op- 
erated in 1822. In 1874 John Colter built an extensive distillery in a large 
brick building near the railway station. It was really built for a general 
store in 1833 by James Conwell ; later it was used as a pork-packing estab- 
lishment, in canal days, then as a store and finally converted into a "still." In 
the seventies it ceased to distill and the machinery was removed, Vvhile the 
building stands a monument of former greatness, if not usefulner^s. 

Pork-packing was carried on here until about 1880, possibly later. 

In 1822 pioneer Webster planted out a peach orchard on all that portion 
of Laurel between Washington street and the canal and Conwell and Balti- 
more streets. These trees stood there until they were cut down the summer 
before Laurel was laid out. 

In 1823 Webster had a distillery running where, in later years. Williams 
& Day's slaughter house stood, and at about the same date he established his 

The railroad was completed through Laurel in the summer of 1867, and 
this gave a new life to the business interests, which, however, were seriously 
crippled by the great iires of 1872 and 188G, an account of which is given in 
this chapter. 

There was also a paper box factory at Laurel about twenty years ago, 
but this industry has, like most all others, ceased to exist. Twelve or fifteen 
years ago the stone quarry business was one of much magnitude. The Laurel 
limestone quarry, three miles to the west of the town, had a spur running 
from the railroad tracks and shipped as many as fifteen cars of dressed stone 
daily, employing from one hundred to one hundred and fifty men. The in- 
troduction of cement greatly crippled the stone industry, and it was finally 
abandoned entirely at this point. 

A new feature of industry, if such it may be called, is that of the experi- 
mental fruit farm, overlooking the town. It consists of a seven-hundred-acre 
tract, three hundred acres of which are already set to fruit trees. It is owned 
by a large company, members of which live in Chicago, while its part owner 
and superintendent, E. A. Schultz, is a resident of Laurel. 




Coming down to the present, it is found the business interests of Laurel 
are as follows : 

General Dealers — \V. E. Ensminger. H. X. Wilson, A. A. Swartz, G. H. 
Fosler, W. A. Goehner. 

Drugs— S. W. Brier, Dr. \V. E. Ticen. 

Dray Line — Thomas Reese & Son. 

Undertakers — Moster Brothers. 

Livery and Feed Barn — D. A. Lunsford. 

Wagon Shop — Ed Ward. 

Blacksmith Shops — Roll Wiggans, Timbennann & Xungster. 

Auto Garage — R. Avers. 

Stoves and Tinware — C. E. Burgoyne. 

Con feet i one n,' — Anderson Fey. 

Hotel — "The New Hotel," G. \V. Hunsinger, proprietor. 

Restaurant and Hotel — Mrs. Samuel Hayes. 

Variety Store — Miss Emma Musser. 

Bakery — Michael Burgdoerfer. 

Public Hall — Red Men's Hall, used for general public entertainments. 

Newspaper — The Review, thirty-eight years old, ^Irs. John O'Hair, pro- 

Millinery — Mrs. Lizzie Day. 

Meat Market — Reeser Brothers. 

Lumber — G. W. Ensminger. 

Grain Elevator — Frank ^^''right. 

Steam Saw IMill — G. W. Ensminger. 

Feed and Implements — James Jinks. 

Barber Shops — James Grant. John Williams, Glen Grant. 

Banking — The Laurel Bank. 

Stone Works — J. P. Secrest. Harry Manley, Mrs. Lizzie Day. shippers 
of dressed stone only. 

Cement Vault Factory — Ed Ward. 

Produce Company — C. H. Reiboldt. 

Physicians — Drs. W. E. Ticen. S. A. Gififord. Henr\- Gregory. 

Dentist— Dr. J. S. Rice. 

Postmaster — C. E. Jones. 

Moving Pictures — The Bijou, by J. E. ^^Tleeler. 

The churches of the tow;n are the Alethodist Episcopal. Christian. Catho- 
lic, United Brethren and Evangelical Lutheran. The last two have buildings, 
but no regular services are held at this time. 


The fraternal orders here represented are the Masons, Odd Fellows, 
Knights of I'ythias and Iiniirnved Order of Red Men. Eioth churches and 
lodges arc fully described in separate chapters. 

The old schoolhonsc, a three-story building erected in 1852, is still used, 
though condemned. A new ten-lhousand-dollar building is to be erected tliis 


Laurel became an incorporated town in 1S77. With the passing' years, 
the incoming and outgoing of hundreds of f>fficers have caused the records to 
be misplaced or lost, hence the early hist(jr\- can not here be given. Suffice to 
say that a fairly good town government has always Ix^en maintained. The 
place has no water works or lighting system. The electric lights of the town 
are now supplied by the proprietor of the moving picture show. The town 
board meets at Brier's drug store. 

The officers of the incorporation (jf Laurel in 1915 are as f(jllow : 
Board members, William Johnson (president), D. T. Reese, George (joeh- 
ringer, G. H. Foster, Thomas Tharp: marshal, Charles Davis; clerk, Gilbert 
Tague ; treasurer, William ]\Ioster. 


What is now known as Laurel postofhce has had the following- postmas- 
ters since the establishment of the office known as Somerset, and later as 
Conwell's ]\Iills. The dates, furnished by the department at Washington, 
show time of appointments: 

Somerset — Charles Fosdick, April 15, 1S18; A. S. Babbitt, January 20, 
1820; FL W. Clark, October 8, 1827; Jesse Williams, ^^larch 23, 1829; James 
Conwell, December 13, 183 1. Xame changed to Conwell's Mills May 31, 
1832. Conwell's Mills — James Conwell. May 31. 1832: F. A. Conwell, July 
28, 1834. Name changed to Laurel July 26. 1837. Laurel — F. A. Conwell. 
July 26, 1837; George G. Shoup, October 12, 1838; T. J. \\"hite. September 
17, 1849; Isaac Clements, October 16. 1852: William S. Geyer, June 21, 
1853; J. W. Morrow, December 8, 1858: William S. Geyer. December 22. 
i860; A. W. Sullenberger, March 29, 1861 ; J. H. Reiley, December 21, 1865: 
R. J. Day, July 10. i86fS; Jacob Secrest. ^farch 21, 1873: Lafavette Day, 
September 14, t88i: S. H. Knott. August 19, 1885; Jasper Lockwood, April 
12. 1889; William P. Sudler, June 2;^, 1893 ;' Jasper Lockwood, June 10, 
1897; H. C. Jones, February 19, 1914. 



Laurel has been visited by numerous fires, the greatest of which occurred 
in 1872 and in 1886. 

On Thursday, ^March 21, 1872, there occurred a fire about the noon hour 
from a spark falling on the dry shingled roof of James Haley's salor.n. By 
speedy work this was extinguished, but that same night at about two o'clock 
it was retiewed, and this time it had every appearance of being the work of 
an incendiary, as an explosion was heard and there were exterior signs of 
oil having been thrown on materials near the burned buihlings. In this fire, 
which devastated the place, there were twenty-three buildings lost: all fences, 
outbuildings and trees in the burned district were destroyed by the ravages 
of the flames. The heaviest loser was W. F. Hazzard, who had a large dry 
goods store and lost about all he possessed. It was carefully estimated at the 
time of the fire, that tlie total loss was not far from one hundred and ten thou- 
sand dollars, and on this amount there was only eighteen thousand dollars of 
fire insurance available. The following is a list of the seventeen buildings 
wdiich were totally leveled to the foundation stones : The two-story brick 
block, the upper story of which was occupied by J. C. Durgoyne. a justice of 
the peace and insurance agent; a two-story building, in which a stock of 
clothing was carried by Fred Batt ; Williams & Day's livery barn; the Haz- 
zard House, a two-story frame structure, occupied by Mrs. J. O. Van Horn ; 
a two-story frame, the "Haley House.'' used as a residence and saloon ; a two- 
story brick building of Charles Hubbard, who carried a dry goods stock be- 
low, and the Chronicle office in the second story; a two-story brick building 
in which Jacob Secrest had a grocery ; a two-story brick building in which 
was located the dry goods concern of A\\ F. Hazzard. with a tin shop in the 
rear; the one-story frame building in which a shoe shop was kept and which 
was torn down to stay the spread of the fire; a two-stor}- frame in which was 
conducted the saloon of David ]McCarty ; a two-story double frame house : the 
two-story residence of John Nestle; the story-and-half house of Williams & 
Day, used as a warehouse ; the two-story frame building in which was carried 
a stock of dry goods and millinery by 'Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Cooper; also 
what was known as the Pearl Street House, occupied by Mrs. Pike and Mrs. 
Cooper; a story-and-a-half building of Morris Londgain, and the calaboose, 
all of which were totally consumed. 

Another fire visited Laurel, January 7, 1886. which did much damage, 
while another, the same year, on Sunday morning, ]May 9. consumed the 
large store building of John F. Geyers. This structure was forty by one 


hundred feet in size. An e.xplosion occurred in.sidc which was thought to 
have been a stick of dynamite, hut this was never clearly proven. The fire 
spread from the oritjiiial building to Mike Herman's dwelling and tailor 
.shop, Mrs. Lynn's fancy notion store, a coffin store belonging to A. & L. 
Moster, and the large barn of Frank \\'instoring. The total loss was placed 
at fifteen thousand dollars. 


Metamora township was established as one of the civil subdivisions of 
Franklin county, September 5, 1S49, ^Y '^^ ^^^ c>f the board of county com- 
missioners. Its territory was formerly a part of that included in Salt Creek, 
Laurel and Brookville townships. It is bounded on the north by Laurel and 
Blooming Grove, on the east by Brookville, on the south by Butler and on the 
west by Laurel and Salt Creek. The township contains about twenty square 
miles, and includes sections 5. 6, 7, 8, 18 and 19 of township 11 north, range 
13 east; sections i, 2, 11. 12, 13 and 14 of townshp 11 north, range 12 east; 
sections 29, 30, 31 and 32 of township 12 north, range 13 east, and sections 
25, 26, ^^ and 36 of township 12 north, range 12 east. Its population is 
693, according to the latest census reports. 235 less than in 1S90. 

The West fork of White Water crosses the township in an easterly course. 
a short distance above its geographical center. Pipe creek drains the south- 
east quarter of the township; Duck creek flows from the north and unites with 
the waters of the main stream at the town of ^Metamora; Salt creek empties 
into White \\"ater a short distance abm'e the town of Metamora. The streams 
already mentioned have branches known as Deer creek. Indian, Silver, Trace 
branch. Gate's branch, etc. 

There is here found a goodly amount of rich bottom land, with much 
sloping surface farm land more or less abrupt. There is a limited acreage of 
upland within the borders of the township. A third of a century ago there 
was much of the original forest still left, but since that date it has steadily 
disappeared before the wondman's axe and the saw-mill. 

The water-power is good, especially that afforded by the numerous locks 
along the old canal. There is now a large A'olume of water going to waste 
for want of development of factories and mills. There is now only one mill 
in operation in the township, and it is located at Metamora. 

This portion of the county, prior to i8ri, was held solely by the Indian 
tribes and a few hardy hunters and Indian traders. As soon as the land be- 


came subject to entry it gradually was taken up by white settlers, with an 
occasional speculator who chiimetl the land at government price. 


The following were among the original settlers in the township: David 
Mount, iSii; Richard Williams, 1811; Hezekiah Mount, 1811 ; William 
Flood, 1811 ; George Adams, 181 1 ; George Guiltner, 181 1 ; John Reed, 181 1 ; 
Larkin Simes, iSii; Thomas Curry, 181 1; William Gordon, 181 1; Charles 
Woodwurth. 1811 ; George Wilson, 1811 ; Isaac Wilson, 181 1 ; William Ar- 
nold, 181 1, and a few more in the same year. 

In 1812, among the settlers wlio claimed lands and commenced home- 
building, are recalled Samuel Alley, Davitl Alley, James Alley, with possibly 
a few more. 

In 1813 came Jonathan Osborn. In 1814 the settlers were Philip Richie, 
William Adams, Cyrus Alley, Jonathan Allen and Elisha Cragan. Jonathan 
Chapman arrived and made his land entry in 181 7. 

Lands were obtainable from the Twelve-mile Purchase in 1809, and a 
few men came to the township and claimed lands as "squatters."' Among 
such characters are recalled the names of Thomas Smidi, on the Gordon farm 
of later years; Julius ^Miller, of the Blacklidge farm; Jake Krist, James Wil- 
liams and "old nuui" Taylor, who married a widow and then eloped with 
her pretty young daughter. 

David Mount, who made his advent in 1811, came in from near Pen- 
nington, New Jersey, entering the southwest quarter of section 36 (near the 
present village of ■Sletamora), the date of his entry being October 21, 181 1. 
Later he secured other large tracts of land and became a man of force and 
influence for good in the community. Some of his lauds he claimed by orig- 
inal entry, while other tracts he purchased from men who had entered and 
became sick of the country. During the exciting days of the \\'ar of 1812 
a blockhouse was erected on the farm later held by John Curry. This was 
known far and near as the Mount blockhouse and was one of the numerous 
blockhouses up and down the valley, built for defense against the red men. 
Mr. Mount built a grist-mill on the river, near the present village and also 
had connected with it a saw-mill, a carding-mill and a fulling-mill, all pro- 
pelled by the waters of White Water river. These mills and small factories 
were commenced about 1812 and were indeed greatly appreciated by the pion- 
eer settlers of this section of country. 

This truly good pioneer was elected associate judge and was also a mem- 


ber of the riuliaiia L<',t,M-,Iaturi.' a number of terms. One of the landmarks of 
the White Water valley was the "(Jld Mount House." While it was never 
operated as a hotel or inn, yet in it all weary travelers were welcome. It was 
burned in 1S82. 

The old ]Mount mills were tieprived of a large part of their original 
water-])owcr by the construction of the canal, and Judi^e Mount brought legal 
action against the canal corporation for damages, but in 1847 the great flood 
swept through the valley and destroyed the mill and much other valuable 

Among the first and very early events within Metamora township may 
be appreciated the record of the subjoined paragrai)hs : 

The first blacksmith in the township was Col. John Rcerl. He was the 
son-in-law of Robert Templeton, and settled just above the \'illage. 

The earliest tavern was kept by one Goble, who bought the land entered 
by William Flood, on the northeast quarter of section 35. a mile up the river 
from the village of present Metamora. 

At an early date Henry Pond l)egan operating a tannery. 

The first schoolhouse was the log structure on the Gordon farm, and 
one of the earliest teachers u as "Old Collins." of White Water fame, who was 
succeeded by Samuel D. Woodworth, Henry Benton and Lewis Sally. 


With the flight of years vast changes have taken place in this township. 
Forests have been cut down and sawed into lumber, and fields have vielded up 
their annual harvests ; the old settlers have passed from earth's shining circle, 
and sons and grandsons have come into possession of the farms throughout 
the township, while many have removed to distant parts of the world, and 
newcomers have purchased the lands entered away back a hundred years and 
more ago. It is but true to state that the prosperity today is not as flourish- 
ing, neither is the population nearly so large, as it was thirty and forty vears 
ago. But here and there one finds one of the time-honored homesteads oc- 
cupied by frugal farmers, the descendants of original pioneers, the lands not 
having passed out of the family name during the scores of years which have 
passed into oblivion. In these homes one finds contentment and refinement, 
and all that would indicate a happy home and prosperous circumstances. 



This town, ur village, properly speaking, was platted by David Mount 
and William Holland, March 20, 1838, to which have been added several ex- 
tensions. It was named for a character found in a novel — "Metamora, the 
beautiful squaw." It was named by Mrs. John A. Matson. Its population 
in 1910 was five hundred and eighty-eight. It is situated on the north side 
of Whitewater river and directly on the old canal, with one of the locks within 
the center of the town, the same now furnishing the water-power for the flour- 
ing mills, but which in former years afforded water-jKjwer for numerous fac- 
tories. This was when the town was in the zenith of its commercial glory. 
The geographical location of the town is in section 34. The first man to 
sell general merchandise at this point was David Mount, who conducted a 
small store in his residence. The next to engage in merchandise v/as John 
Adair, who finally sold to William Holland. 

The earliest tavern keeper was John McWhorter, soon after the plat 
laid out. 

Early, if not the first, blacksmitlis were Messrs. Churchill and Asa 

A flouring-mill was built on the lock of the old canal in 1845-46 by M. B. 
Gordon & Brother. In 1S47-48 another mill was built, near the last named, 
by William Rubottom & Hyatt. The fire of 1856 destroyed these mills. In 
1857 the Gordons rebuilt their mill. Again, in 1850-51. Gordon Brothers 
built a more extensive milling plant on the lower or east lock. This was also 
burned, and rebuilt by Clifford & Davis, and in 1882 was owned by Andrew 
Miller. The Gordons also had a woolen-mill, which was destroyed by the 
same flames that took the flouring-mill. The woolen-mill was not rebuilt. 
The Gordon flouring-mill was dismantled and the building used for a wood- 
working factory, where woodenwarc was manufactured. 

In 1845 Jonathan Banes, who had resided there since 1837. came in as 
a contractor on the old White Water canal, and at the first date named con- 
structed a cotton-mill on the south bank of the canal, near the lock. In 1856 
the machinery was removed and the building converted into a flouring-mill 
by Murray & Banes. Other owners of this plant were John Curry & Son, 
Thomas Tague and Trembly & Hawkins. Richard ^McClure also had the 
property at one time. It was later styled the Crescent mill. There was a mill 
erected on Pipe creek by William H. Eads. In 1846-47 a distillery was built 
here by Walker Brothers. Henry C. Kimble later owned it, and in March, 
1873, it was burned and never rebuilt. 



Much of the long--ago hum and bustle of this httlc village has ceased. 
Time changes all things. The abandonment of the canal, the construction of 
railroads through this section of Indiana, the death of many sturdy pioneers 
and the removal of many more of their immediate descendant.^, have all com- 
bined to lessen the spirit of commercial enterprise once known in the town. 
However, the place still has a number of excellent business factors, and in 
February, 191 5, these interests were in the hands of the following persons 
and companies: 

General Stores — L. Allison & Son, ^lartindale & Jinks and J. \V. Jack- 
son & Son. 

Confectionery — Lucy ^Nlartindalc. 

Hardware — Clark & Annice. 

Drugs — Albert E. Pierce. 

Banking — Farmers Bank (private), organized in 1910 by W. N. Gordon 
and Henry R. Lennard. 

Barber Shops — Benjamin Gliccn. Charles Herman. 

Blacksmith ing — James Thorp. 

Undertakers — Thorp & Williams. 

Hotel — Charles Rothrock. 

Stock Dealer — Samuel Lewis, for \Yalter Bros., of Brookville. 

Steam Saw-mill — Noble Gordon. 

Public Hall — Old Presbyterian Church, by Banes & \^'illiams. 

Coal Dealer — Frank ^^"right, at the flouring-mill. 

Milling — Frank Wright, whose mill was erected in 1900. a three-story 
brick structure with a daily capacity of fifty barrels of flour. 

Attorney — G. R. Foster. 

Postoffice, with Inez Gordon, postmistress. This office has two rural 
free deliveries running to outlying sections. 


The following have served as postmasters at !Metamora since the estab- 
lishment of the office, first known as Duck Creek Crossing, in April, 1826. 
The dates given are time of appointment. These names and dates were fur- 
nished the author by the department at Washington : Duck Creek Crossing — 
Daniel Churchill. April 14. 1826; J(3hn Reid, April 2^, 1S2Q: Asahel Gilmer. 
November 19, 1830; William Holland, February 25, 1833. Name changed. 


June II, 1838, to .Alctamorri. William Hnlland, June ii, 1838; John Hughes, 
December 30, 1839: I'.zckiel 'I'yner, April 11. 1840; A. B. Martindale. Jan- 
uary 4, 1847; R. M. Wales, October 4. 1850; Ezekiel Tyner, September 5, 
1851; J. C. Burton. November i, 1853; Matthias Munson, May 8, 1854; P. 
C. Woods, December 16, 1854; J. C. Armstrons?, April 27, 1857; T. H. Con- 
nor, May II, 1861 ; A. Ilahn, December 13, 1865; L. E. Hahn, Deceml)er 5, 
1866; James Dawdy, March 28. 1879; T. B. Tracy, August 31. 1883; J. M. 
Vanscyoc. June 30, 1885; Angeline Kimble, October 9, 1889; Albert Pierce. 
April 6, 1893; J. W. Jackson, April 26, 1S97; William N. Gordon, March 9, 
1907; Inez E. Gordon. July 6, 1914- 


For several years after its organization in the spring of 181 1, Franklin 
county extended nine miles above its present northern limits and included a 
large part of what is now Fayette and Union counties. Fayette county was 
set off by the legislative act of DeccmiK-r 28, 1818, and began its independent 
existence on January i, 1S19. During the eight years that it was a part of 
Franklin county it had been first included within Posey township and after 
July 16, 1 8 16, had been divided between Posey and Connersville townships. 
With the establishment of Fayette at the date above mentioned Connersville 
township drops out of Franklin county history. Connersville township, as 
organized July 16, 1816. included "all that part of Posey township which 
lies north of the center of the thirteenth township in twelfth range, and the 
center of the thirteenth township in the thirteenth range, sliall compose a 
township and the same shall l)e known and called by the name of Connersville 
township, and that all elections after the first Monday in August, next, shall 
be held in Connersville." 

Union county was created by the legislative act of January 5. 1821. and 
formally organized on the first of the following month. During the ten years 
that it was a part of Franklin county it had first been included within Bath 
township and between July 16, 18 16. and Febniaiw 9. 18 19, had been divided 
between Bath and Union townships. On the latter date Liberty township was 
created, and from then until Union county was organized on February i, 
182 1, that part of Franklin county now within Union county included all of 
Union and Liberty townships and a part of Bath. Union and Liberty town- 
ships drop out of Franklin county history on February i. 182 1. Union town- 
ship, as organized July 6, 1816, included '"all that part of the township of 


Bath C()ni[Kjsing- the elLnenth township in tlic first ran,£,^e and the eleventh 
township in the second ran^e, shaU form a township to i)c called and known 
by tlie name of Union township, and all elections after the first Monday in 
August, next, shall he held in a schuolliouse known by the name of Union 

On February 9, 18 19, it was ordered that Unif;n township be divided by 
the line dividing- ranges i and 2 west and all that part lying west of said 
line in said township to constitute a township to be called Libertv township, 
and all future elections in Liberty tmvnship be held at the house of Samuel 
\V. Scott in Dunlapsville. 

In addition to these three townships which no longer exist as a part of 
Franklin county, there is one other, Somerset, which had a very brief histOfA". 
Organized 'May 14, 182 1, out of Posey township, it flied a quiet death at the 
hands of the county commissioners on November 12 of the same year. What 
brought it into existence and what caused its early demise the historian has 
failed to discover. Its name and boundary limits are all that is known about 
it. On May 14, 1821. the commissioners "Ordered that all that part of Posey 
township lying north of an east and west line drawn between sections 25 and 
36 in township 12, range 12 east, compose a township to be called 
Somerset township, and that all future elections in. said township are to be 
held at the town of Somerset.'' 



Brookville is situated in the picturesque valley of the White Water river, 
between the forks of W^est and East l^ranches of this stream. It is in sec- 
tions 20 and 29, in the center of Urookville township. The town site is 
about evenly divided into the ridq^e and valley districts, the business portion 
at this time being chiefly on the ridj^e, but formerly occupied the valley of the 
East Fork to the east. A semi-circle of high hills, almost approaching to 
small mountains, surrounds the town from the northwest to the southeast. 
The natural scenery is distinctive and beautiful and whether one views it 
in midwinter or in the summer sunshine, it is ever a feast to the eye. 

When first visited by prospective settlers, the United States land office 
was located at Cincinnati. On December 4, 1S04, the southeast quarter of 
'section 20 was entered by Amos Butler. The northwest quarter of section 
29 was entered by Amos Butler and Jesse Brooks Thomas, July 3, i<So5. 
The northwest quarter of section 29 by Josiah Allen. July 6, 1805. The 
southwest quarter of section 20 by Amos Butler, IMarch 18, 1S06. The 
northwest quarter of section 20 by Amos Butler, April 4, i8'o6. The south- 
west quarter of section 29 by Amos Butler, October i, 1806. 

The town of Brookville was platted August 8, 1808, by Thomas Man- 
warring and took its name from the middle name of one of the proprietors, 
Jesse Brooks Thomas, whose mother's maiden name was Brooks. At first 
it was called "Brooksville," but soon the "s" was dropped and ever since it has 
been Brookville. The plat was recorded January 8, 181 2. In 1820 Brook- 
ville was a military post and was garrisoned by a company of United States 
soldiers under command of Captain Grovenor of the regular army. In 1S23 
the land office was established here with Lazarus Xoble as receiver. The 
office was first kept in a frame house on Court street and later in tlie building 
now occupied by Doctor Garrigues. The office was removed to Indianapolis 
in 1825. 

Butler paid the greater part of the purchase money for the tract on 
which the town was laid out, but Thomas, who seems to have been sort of 
a trickster, succeeded in having the patent issued in his name. Butler and 
Thomas were soon at loggerheads and Butler instituted suit against Thomas. 
which was responsible for the postponement of tlie lot sales. A compro- 


mise was effected by which IJullcr was given a deed for part of the land and 
the lots were then i)ut on sale. Thomas later removed to Illinois, became a 
United States senator from that state and was the author of the fatnous 
Missouri Com])r<iinisc. Puitler lived at P.rookville until iSi8 and then 
moved to Hanover. Jel'ferson county. Indiana, where he died and was buried. 
To Amos Dutler lieion,q;s the honor of entering the first land on which the 
town of Brookxille stands and to him belongs the honor of being the first 

The first town lot was sold on the southwest corner of Walker and 
Main streets. Jt was l(jt numljcr 47. the deed for which was dated March 
7, 181 1. 

In May, 181 2, the plat was resnr\eycd by Samuel C. Vance. John 
Allen, a Quaker ])y parentage, came in and entered the ((uarter of 
section 29. July 6, 1803, and lie too, like lUitler. had aspirations. He built a 
mill, platted an addition and began selling town Icjts. His tract is situated 
in the southeast jiortion of the town, extending across the river. But LUitler, 
not wishing to lie out-rivaled, entered the quarter secti(jn inmiediately north 
of the Thomas tract and to the west of his own section. B(>th lot owners 
were in the market with town lots at the same dale. May 2''). 1812. Both 
Butler and Allen started their mills at about the same date; some place Butler 
first, while others, seemingly as correct, place Allen first. 

In 1807 there was but a single land entry, f^.ve were made in 1808, none 
in 1809 and only six in r8ro. It was too near the 1795 Indian boundary 
line and the troublesome Indians to be a desirable .stopping place. .\!nong 
the first to engage in business was James Knight, who entered land north 
of the town, but soon engaged in trade in the village. His place of business 
was at the corner of Main and James streets, where now stands the jail. 
He kept a tavern and also had a stock of merchandise. It was Knight who 
built the first jail and the first brick court house, but died before the comple- 
tion of the latter. From an old account book which he kept, the following 
items were entered : 

John Alien to "to-backer" S .i23/> 

Half pint .12J/I 

Two buckskins i 2.00 

Mrs. Eads, credit by 13 pcmnds butter _ 1.62 '/S 

Mrs. Eads, Dr.. to one quarter pound tea .50 

William Kelley credited with seven and a half gallons 

of whiskey ^.j^ 

William Banister, half pound nails .16 


Fully two-thirds of the day-hook entries were for whisky. The date 
of the ahove entries was Octoher 12. 18 10. The building in which Knight 
had his store and tavern was originally huilt in 1808 as a block-house, to 
which he made additions. It was known as Knight's Tavern, and was re- 
modeled and later known as the ^'ellow 'I'avern. It was torn down in 1861. 
The first tavern license issued in Br(;okville, or Franklin county for that 
matter, was to James Adair, whose house stood on lot 30 in Butler's plat. 
In 181 1 tavern-keepers' licenses were granted to Samuel Henry, William 
Eads. James Knight and Stephen C. Stephens. 

With the flight of so many years it is impossible to trace the comings 
and goings of the various "first dealers'' in sundry goods, but the subjoined 
extract from the old State Gazetteer, ])ublished in iSrj, will give a correct 
setting for the town at that date : 

"At the close of i8t2 Brookville contained but ten or twelve houses. 
In July, 181 7, there are u|)war(ls of eighty buildings, exclusive of shops, 
■stables and outlmildings. These buildings are of frame, and a great num- 
ber of them are handsomely painted. There are within the precincts of tlie 
town one grist-mill, two saw-mill^, two fulling-mills, three carding ma- 
chines, one printing office, one silver smith, two saddlers, two cabinet-makers, 
one hatter, two tailors. ff)ur bout and shoemakers, two tanners and curriers, 
one chairmaker. one cooj)er, five taverns and seven stores. There are also 
a jail, a market house and a hantlsome brick court house. 

"Markets — Wheat is 75 cents per bushel: flour. $3.00 per hundred; 
corn and oats, 25 cents; rye, 40 cents; butter and cheese, from 12 to 25 
cents ; honey. 50 cents per gallon ; maple sugar. 25 cents ; salt. S2.00 per 
bushel. European goods somewhat high." 

Of the first prime movers at Rrookville. it should be recorded in the 
annals of the place that Amos Butler, a native of Chester county. Pennsyl- 
vania, first entered land in Dearborn county in 1803. He had some means 
and after entering his land returned to Penn.sylvania. and upon his return 
found his lands overflowed with the waters of the Ohio river. He at once 
sought another location, and, coming to the present site of Brookville in the 
autumn of 180.] on foot, he decided to set his stakes here. As has been 
said, he remained here until 18 18. when he removed to Hanover, Indiana, 
where he died. 

John Allen was also a Pennsylvanian. He came here with his two 
sons. Solomon and Josiah. in 1805. They went back and spent the winter 
in their native state. In the spring following the two brothers, with a fiat- 
boat load of gcxvJs and mill machiner}\ came down the Ohio, and finallv 


reached Brookville; the mill-stones were brought in this cargo. The re- 
mainder of the family came later in the season. Allen and Butler were rivals 
both in town-site and milling interests. Allen was probably the first justice 
of the peace here. He had too many irons in the fire and finally, when hard 
times set in, he failed and moved to Blooming Grove, where he died, and 
was buried on the Hayes farm, formerly owned by John Allen, Jr. A 
brother-in-law of tavern-keeper Knight, already named, came with Allen and 
was later one of the treasurers of Franklin county. 

Lismond Baysea, a Frenchman and a silk dyer by trade, came in 18 10 
or 181 1, entered a quarter section of land and established a store on the 
old "White Corner" in 18 12. He is credited with having built the first 
regular store building in Brookville, but he was too "Frenchy" for the town 
and soon retired. Another settler in 181 2 was Ruggle Winchell, who erected 
the first frame house in the town. Nathan D. Gallion, a soldier of the 
Twenty-eighth Regiment United States regulars during the War of 1812, 
came to Brookville in 1814 with a stock of goods which he sold at the corner 
of Main and Claiborne streets — the "White Corner." He died in 1865 after 
having been in business o\er forty years. James McGinnis, partner of 
James Knight, opened a tannery east of Brookville. possibly the first in this 
county. He committed suicide, being the first to take his own life within 
the town. 


Among the early business men of the new town was William H. Eads, 
who kept a store on Main street, near the location of the present Brookville 
bank. He also operated a tannery just south of the present railway station. 
Another early character of the town was Thomas C. Eads. a brother of 
William H., and father of the now famous Captain Eads of Xew Orleans 
"jetty" fame and the builder of the great St. Louis bridge. William Major, 
a brick-layer and mason, came in 1815 and was a leader in his honorable 
craft. Joseph Meeks, the cabinet-maker and wood-working genius, came 
from New York city in 18 18. He built on North ]\Iain street, where his 
daughter, now among the oldest women of the city, still resides in the same 
house erected by her father almost a century ago. There are many pieces 
of his handiwork to be seen in the homes of Broola-ille people today. 

Samuel Goodwin, a leader in early Methoiiism. came from Penn- 
sylvania. He was a tanner and carried on his trade here many years. 
His place was near the foot of Claiborne street. The John family, also from 
the Keystone state, were prominent here in the first decades of the town's 


history. Jehu Jolni and sons, Robert, Enoch D., Jehu, Jr., and Isaac, were 
all men of rare ability and force of character. In about 1817 Miles C. 
Eggleston, father of the noted preacher and author of "The Hoosier School- 
master," came here; he was an al>1e lawyer and once judge of the circuit 
courts. George W. Kimble came from Maryland in iSifr, he was by trade 
a tailor and engaged in merchandising and manufacturing a number of 
years. Early traders at this point were Michael Pilky and Charles Telier, 
partners in a store on the bank of tiie East Eork, where an abandoned grave- 
yard will lie recalled by the older citizens of Brookville. Telier died in 1815 
and was buried near the store. Tliere is a tradition (but nf-t \erihed by 
facts), that these men were here when Amos Butler located. 

John Beaty, a merchant, located here in 181 5 on the east side of Main 
street near the old Gallion corner. Andrew Wallace became the proprietor 
in 1818 of a hotel where the Valley House now stands. His card of that 
date reads: "If his liquors are not such as will exquisitely suit the taste, 
they are as good as can be procured in the Western country." His son, 
David Wallace, entered the military academy from Brookville, graduated 
with honors and became governor of Indiana. David Wallace studied law 
here under John Test. Thomas Wallace, another son, entered the United 
States navy. Gen. Lew Wallace, author of "Ben Hur" and a gallant Civil 
War general, was the son of Gov. David Wallace. His birth place was in 
the old brick house which stood on tlic corner lot north of where the Catholic 
priest residence now stands. 

Other early business men were George and Robert Breckenridge, who 
were merchants many years; Edward Hudson, a chair-maker, came in 1815. 
Subsequently, he became a shipper of produce and made trips down the 
rivers and to the West Indies. He lost his life on such a voyage, by ship- 
wreck in which his cargo was sunk. Nathaniel Hammond, a justice of the 
peace in 1820, afterward kept the old "Yellow Tavern." The hies of old 
newspapers disclose the fact that the Brookville Inquirer was conducted by 
Charles Hutchens in 1817. Others of early years were John Jacobs. 1S16; 
Henry Jenkinson, justice of the peace in 1815; Daniel ^lason. v.-ho came in 
1817 and run a tavern; Thomas Smith, a tailor, in 1816: Thomas Winscott, 
a carpenter, 1815; Thomas W. and James S. Colescott. settlers in 1816. who 
were men of much activity. Still another whose name should not be over- 
looked was Sampscm Powers, an old-time merchant, who was a brother of 
the world-famous sculptor. Hiram Powers. The mother was buried in 
the cemetery near the "brick meeting-house" in March. 1S25. Eugene Cory 


was a tanner and operated a tan-yard. It is thought he was interested in 
the water-power with Amos Cluirch after estabhshing his wheel shop. 


The Brookville land office was estaliHshcd in the autumn of 1820, and 
continued here until 18^5, being tiien removed to Indianapolis. The follow- 
ing is a fac si)iiilc of a land advertisement taken from the liles of the Brook- 
ville Inquirer; 

List of Public Lands. 

The following is a statement of the 

Lands which will be offered at the 

sale, -to commence on the first 

Monday in October next, in 

the Brookville Land 






East of 2d 




No 10 & II, 



10 & II, 



10, II, 12, 13 &- 




10, II, 12, 13 «& 


...^.. - ■--, .^«^;. .-.--.V-^V^;' 



10, II, 12, 13 & 




10, II, 12, 13, & 




10, II, 12, 13 & 




Fractional Townships 

10, II, 12, 13 & Township 14. 



do 13 and 

14- - 



Making in the ^\ 


36 townships and 

fractional towns 




Register of the 

Brookville I^nd 





The lands in this district were all in the New Purchase, and outside the 
boundaries of Franklin county: the tract was nearly square and included 
congressional townships in the present counties of Rush. Decatur. Bartholo- 


mew, Shelby, Johnson and Crown, besicks fractional townships in adjoining 

While the United States land ofiBce Avas located here the town enjoyed 
good business, but with its removal in 1825 things took a sudden turn. 
People then realized that sumethini; must be done except trying to live on 
the money that land speculators and iiumigrants brought in. or the death 
knell of Brookville would be the result. They turned their attention to 
legitimate business callings, new factories and mills were installed; better 
farming methods were introduced ; and with the canal ten years later the town 
again enjoyed prosperity. However, the taking away of the office was a 
blow which has been felt to this da}-, for had it remained here vast amounts 
of money would naturally have been in\csted in this county instead of going 
on to western counties, where, i)ri!)r to that date, there was no general settle- 
ment. But such was in the very nature of things to be. The location of 
the old land office was on lot Xo. -^2 of Amos Butler's platting of Brook- 
ville. where now stands the iMasters block. It was torn down in October, 



The ten years which elapsed between the time that the land office was 
moved to Indianapolis and the White Water canal was projected were a 
critical time in the history of Brookville. It was during this time that 
Fayette (1819) and Union (1821) counties were organized and this took 
away from the county much of its most valuable farming land as well as 
hundreds of its most prosperous farmers. With the land office there went 
hundreds of people to the new capital and to adjoining counties which were 
being organized. ^^lany of the most adventurous spirits departed for new- 
fields and the net result was a condition in Brookville which must have bor- 
dered on the tragic. 

The loss of so many excellent citizens in this ten years was a blow from 
which the town recovered but slowly. A few of these men should be men- 
tioned. Harvey Bates, Noah Noble, David Wallace and scores of others 
settled in Indianapolis. Jonathan McCarty was mainly responsible for the 
organization of Fayette county and he became the first clerk of the new 
cotmtv and several years later represented this district in Congress. John 
Test and Enoch D. John removed to Lawrenceburg ; Miles C. Eggleston 
located in Aladison; Stephen C. Stephens moved to \"evay and later settled in 
Madison. Isaac Blackford, one of the greatest lawyers of the state before 
the Civil War. went to Mncennes and later became a member of the supreme 


court of the state, holding: tlie ])osition longer than any man since his time. 
Centerville attracted Alexander Moore, Edward Hudson and Thomas G. 
Noble; Robert Rreckeiiridge took charge of the land office at Fort Wayne 
at the time of its estaijlishment. Ouen Riley became a merchant in Greens- 
burg; Mason, who had conducted a tavern in Brookvillc for many years, 
removed to Harrison and opened a tavern. Charles Test found a new 
home in Rushvillc and later served as clerk of Rush county. These are only 
a few of the more promineiU men who left Brookville never to return. Hun- 
dreds of farmers entered land in the new counties and there were thousands 
of acres which had been opened for cultivation that now became overgrown 
with underbrush. Scores of houses were empty in the town of Brookville, 
business was at a standstill and the once prosperous town seemed on the 
verge of ruin. Those who remained were in many cases too poor to buy 
the property left in the town and this added to the general feeling of desola- 
tion. It has been said that there was a time in this decade (18:25-1835) 
when one house in every five was empty an<l many of these were the most 
pretentious dwellings in the town. 

But a better time was coming. With the prospect of a canal down the 
White Water, things began to inipro\e and a marked revival of business in 
Brookville. The great German immigration to the county began in the mid- 
dle of the thirties and within a few years thousands of acres of fresh land, 
as well as land formerly tilled, were brcnight under cultivation. The comple- 
tion of the canal ushered in a new era in the growth of the county and the 
next two decades saw scores of factories rising up along the canal. Saw 
and grist-mills, cotton and woolen factories, distilleries and breweries, pork- 
packing establishments, carriage and wagon shops and various other indus- 
tries were located along the canal and at other parts in the county. With 
the closing of the canal the railroad was built through the county and this 
afforded e\'en a better means of reaching markets. As the years went by, 
better farming methods were introduced, the farmers received l>etter prices 
for their products and a stable prosperity was established which has con- 
tinued down to the present day. 

The historian who is interested in economic changes can not help but 
wonder why so many of the prosperous factories have long since disappeared. 
Where there were once no less than seven cotton and woolen mills, there is 
today not one; the person who at one time could stand on the top of a hill 
at Laurel and count the smoke stacks of seventeen distilleries, would today 
find not one; the pork-packing establishments have disappeared, along with 
the other industries; only one paper mill is left; of the scores of grist, flour 




ti»aij».3-— ahjiC'^^O vl'?^££jg^-^>al; ' "" ^ ""' 



and saw-mills, only a very few are left. The economist looks for a reason 
for the abandonment of the once nourishing' industries and a number of 
causes present themselves. .Most of the factories along the canal and on 
the water courses depended for their power on water and each flood that 
came along meant a temporary cessation in their ojK-ration. As the hills 
along the streams were denuded of the nati\e timber, Hoods became more 
frequent and much more destructive. The two floods of 184S worked great 
havoc with all the industries ahmg the canal ; dams were washed out, mill 
races were demolished and many mills were practically ruined. Owners 
were loath to rebuild; the risk of having an industry literally wijjed out over 
night was one of the main reasons for the disappearance of many mills and 
factories. By 1861 the usefulness of the canal was at an end; rejjcated 
floods had so damaged it that it seemed a waste of money to attempt to put 
it in condition to resume traffic. Then, again, the building of a railroad 
through the county was being agitated even before i8'6r. An old map of 
the county published in 1858 actually shows a railroad cutting through the 
northeastern part of the county — a railroad, by the way, which was not con- 
structed until six years later. From 1861 until the building of railroad 
through the county in 1866 all manufactured goods had to be hauled out of 
the county. This meant that the factories could not compete with others 
more favorably situated and it was during these few years that manufactur- 
ing interests suffered a sharp decline. - The Civil War helped to disturb con- 
ditions and added not a little to the gloomy situation. Figures are not 
available to show how many industries closed during the sixties, but it is 
known that man)- of them closed down never to reopen. 

With the opening of the railroad, conditions, of course, began to im- 
prove, but in a few years another factor entered the situation. It was found 
that small factories could not successfully compete with larger establishments; 
gradually the small factories of the county were either absorbed by larger 
plants or else forced out of business. It was the trust which secured hold 
of the big distillery in Brookville. 

In 191 5 there are but two mills in the county run by water power, the 
paper mill at Brookville and the flouring mill at ^letamora. The paper mill 
also uses steam power in addition to water power. The breweries at Brook- 
ville, St. Peters and Oldenburg have all closed ; the cotton and woolen mills, 
the pork-packing establishments and scores of other industries have dis- 
appeared. Now, the paper mill, the furniture factory, four planing mills, a 
buggv' factory, a saw mill and two cigar factories are all the manufacturing 
industries left in I'rookville. ' There is not even a flouring mill left, the last 


one having burned down in the spring of r9r5. The following pages give a 
detailed account of the many and varied industries which have flourished in 
Brookville during the jiast century. 


Butler's mill, on the East I"<jrk, was among the earliest mills in this 
county, the date of its construction being 1804. It was at first a log building 
with rude machinery for grain grinding. Soon after a saw-mill attachment 
was of>erated in connection with the Houring-mill. A second grist-mill was 
built by pioneer Butler; this stood on the site of the old log structure. The 
last mill was a frame building and had excellent machinery for those times. 
In 1818 the property was sold to Backhouse & Breckenridge. who operated 
it until 1822, when it was burned, causing the death of an employe who was 
sleeping in a bunch of bran sacks in the basement. The mill was immed- 
iately re-built on borrowed capital from Cincinnati, and this loan caused the 
financial ruin of the mill owner. James Speer then bought the mill and re- 
modeled it and made a good merchant mill of it. The saw-mill part was dis- 
pensed with and in its stead was erected a paper-mill in 1835. This was the 
second dr\--roll paper-mill west of the Alleghany mountains. Later the dam 
went out and the fiouring-mill stood idle. It was torn down in 1905, after 
having been pointed out as a landmark for so many years. It was built from 
poplar and walnut timber and was a solid frame of the olden type — strong 
and substantial. It was finally sold to William Bonwell. Jr., a thrifty farmer 
near by, who converted it into a barn. It was this ancient mill that came into 
national prominence through its having been made a model for "The Old 
Mill" by artists of no less renown than Steele, Forsythe. Adams and others. 
With its mossy roof and pitiful windows staring one in the face: its majestic, 
colonial style of architecture and setting of wooded hills for its background, 
it appealed strongly to the artistic love of the beautiful of those who have 
sought glory and fame in reproducing on canvas the scenery in the White- 
water valley. 

The Allen mill was on the East Fork near the iron bridge and was 
built by John Allen, one of the founders of Brookville. " By some it is be- 
lieved to antedate the old Butler mill, just described, but this has not been 
definitely established. It was a rude. jKiorly-constructed mill and had infer- 
ior machinery. It was run in connection with a distillery for many years, 
even after Allen had left tlie count)-. Jesse B. Thomas, one of the founders 
of the town, built a small mill in the spring of 1805. 


At a very early clay two brothers named Lattcrett pr.t in a cardinjf 
machine for wool carding just ahove the old canal bridge crossing the East 
Fork south of Rrookville. where a raceway was cut through the solid rock 
by which water was conveyed to the overshot wheel that turned the machin- 
ery. The mill stood partly fncr the stream, it is said. It is thrjught this was 
the earliest carding machine in I'Vanklin county. It was known for years 
as "Latterett's Rock," on account of the peculiar conglomerate formation of 
rocks at that spot. It was indicated as such on the early Indiana maps. The 
race above mentioned was du^ and blasted by Richard Tyner and Abner 

What was termed tlie "Company Mill,"' situated on the main stream of 
the river, about three miles south of Brookville, was doubtless built in either 
1826 or 1S27. It operated successfully until the construction of the canal 
and feeder dam, which ruined the water power at that point. It was the 
property of Cummings brothers, who received seven thousand dollars in 
state "script" as damages for ruination of their water power. Coffin broth- 
ers bought the old mill and mo\ed it to tlie canal basin and there it was con- 
verted into a warehouse. Then it was bought by Tyner &: Roberts, who 
converted it into a mill for flouring purpcses, and it was for years known as 
the Champion Flour ^lills and was owned and am by Joseph A. Fries for 
several years. This was the mill that was burned in 191 5 and not rebuilt. 

The Jeremiah Woods flouring-mill was built near the north end of the 
old canal basin in the early days of Brookville. Before that he had run a 
small grist and cotton-mill in the old canal basin to the s<xitheast of the 
present paper-mill site. The last mill ^•enture of Woods was a failure and in 
a short time the building was converted into a machine shop and cotton fac- 
tory combined. The machinery was moved from Woodsville, in part section 
24. This, too, was a failure financially, and was at last abandoned. While 
the White Water railroad (now Big Four) was being constructed, this old 
building was used for a boarding house. It w^as in 1865 that Hanna & Ay res 
utilized it for a paper-mill, later selling to the Stewart I'aper Company, 
who operated it till 1870, when it was burned. 

The Kimble mills were situated where now stands the south end of the 
Thomson-Xorris paper mills, at a point where the road crosses the bridge 
to the city cemetery. This mill seems to have been put in operation about 
181 1 by Jeremiah Corey, who operated a carding machine and probably a 
fulling-mill. North of the Corey mill Pegg & Davis fitted up a mill for 
dressing cloth. This firm also owned a large tan-yard, adjoining the mill 
lot on the east; they were also interested in the mercantile and real estate 


business. In the winter of 1821-22 tlie mill was burned, after which the firm 
dissolved. John Pegg then rebuilt the mill in part, while the tannery was 
sold to William H. Eads. who ran it al<;ng with his mercantile house and 
other sundry speculations in which he was interested. The newly-built mill 
was of brick and had good machinery. In 1826 the property went into the 
hands of George W. Kimble, who rented the brick building to one Henrie 
for a hemp-mill and rope walk. 

In 183 1 Air. Kimble built a frame cotton-mill a few rods north of the 
hemjp-mill, and in 1S44 he tore down the brick hemp-mill and erected a large 
four-story flouring-mill on its site. .Vfter 1847 the waters of the canal were 
used as a mill power for this mill. In 1871 the pnjperty was sold anfl con- 
verted into Stewart's paper-mill, an account of which is given in this chapter. 
It was burned on ]vlay 29, 1876. 

The tannery property owned by Kimble was destroyed by the canal, 
which was dug through the center of the lot. 

John Davis S: Company were engaged in cloth dressing and wool card- 
ing as early as 1818, probably succeeding Jeremiah Corey. 

The Sylvan factory was a mile or so above town. <jn the north bank of 
West Fork. It was built in 1819 by Jacob, John and Xoble, and Enoch D. 
John was its manager. \\'hen the canal was dug the mill had somewhat run 
down and this waterway ruined it. 

The White Water cotton factory was on the point of the lx)undary hill. 
Sims & Clements tirst built a grist and saw-mill at that site about 1817-1S. 
It changed hands, as is seen by deed records, until, in 1S23, it was in pos- 
session of William C. Rogers, of Cincinnati. Later it owned by Jere- 
miah Woods and a 3.1r. ]\Iiller. It is said to have been an extensive milling 
plant for those early days. In P'ebruary, 1S33, under management of Agent 
Lewis S. Ingals, it was turning sixteen hundred spindles and a dozen or miOre 
power looms. After 1840 the dam washed out and the mill was abandoned. 
Jeremiah Woods removing the machinery, as elsewhere stated, to the old 
canal basin, south of town. In the eighties it was written of this location: 
"This place was called W^oodville; one or two stone chimneys, and a few 
yards of crumbling masonry, overgrown by a rank thicket of shrubber}% is 
all that now remains of Woodville." There are left the cellars of at least 
half a do.^en buildings, which may still (191 5) be plainly seen. 

In December, 18 12 — one hundred and three years ago — began the his- 
tory of what was styled the "Halstead ]^Iill." Chilon Foster and John Test 
were granted permission to erect a small mill in section 3. township 11. range 
23, which mill site was opposite the mouth of Yellow Bank creek, at the 


mouth of Snail creek. This mill became one of the leading mill^ in Franklin 
county and continued U> serve custom trade many years. John Halstead 
finally purchased the property; later a great flood in this valley swept it 
away and it was never rebuilt. 

In 1817 Moses Green, a York-state Yankee, commenced building a saw- 
mill on a lot to tlie north of Brookville, on the East Fork, a few rods north 
of the old toll-gate. On returning down the Ohio from a trip to Pittsljurgh, 
where he went for his family, the Iwat capsized and he was drowned. The 
mill was completed by others, run a few years and then abandoned. 

A distillery, on a small scale, was built by Johnston & Miller about 
1862-3 o" th^ site of the old Linck & Farquahar grain house. Then F. A. 
Walz became the owner, and in 1870 he erected a large stone warehouse and 
commenced the manufacture of the celebrated "Walz Bourbon." In 1878 
the property passed into the hands of Kuhlman & Teepen, who made it one 
of the largest distilleries in this section of the country. It was operated by 
them until 1S90, when the still and warehouse were sold to the present owner, 
Peter Werst, the deed being dated }^Iay 23, 1893. ]Mr. Werst immediately 
tore away the still and erected a fine brick building on the front end of the 
lot. The old still proper was located in the rear building, which was partly 
brick and partly frame, and which was demolished by the flood of March. 
19 13. The old stone warehouse, erected in 1870, together with the building 
erected by Mr. Werst, serves him now as his extensive grain and seed houses ; 
he also deals in lumber. 

The changes in ownership of the distillery property are indicated by 
the deed records and disclose the following chain of titles : Miller & Martin 
sold to Walz; the latter to Billingsly & Morgan in 1878; the new owners 
transferring to Kuhlman & Teepen in the same year; in 'Slay. 1893. P^ter 
Werst became the owner. The old distillery went into the '"trust" and hence 
was discontinued at Brookville, although it Avas a profitable business at the 
time it was taken over by the "trust." There were several small distilleries 
in the immediate vicinity of Brookville. but most of them only ser\-ed local 

A brewery was established by Gotleib Seibel in 1865 and operated until 
1873, when it closed down. It stood where now stands the brick warehouse 
of the Thomson-Norris Paper Company, and opposite the old still-house 
property, now the seed house of Peter Werst. Another brewery was estab- 
lished by Weidener and, after his death, a man by the name of Moritz 
Schlenck married his widow and continued to operate the plant. Moritz 


Sclilenck disjinsc'd of it tu Mr. .Sutton, who sold it a few years later to Mr. 
Stock, who oiK-rated it until it clfjsed down. 

Tollitson's forge was situated on the East Fork, half a inile above the 
VVhitcomb tunijjike bridge. It was built by Mr. Tollitson and derived its 
power from the river. .\ huge rock formed the foundation for the anvil on 
which the trip-hammer worked. Its owner died of consumption soon after 
he started the enterprise, and it was never carried on afterwards. 

About ly.S- llenr\- Kimble erected on the site of the old livery barn, at 
the top of the street leading from the de|)Ot and fronting on Main street, a 
roller flouring-mill, in which the best of modern machinery was installed. It 
was successfully operated until it wa^ l)urned, in the spring of 1915. This 
is said to have been the first roller mill in Franklin county. This mill was 
styled the "Xickle Plate Mills." 

A hub factory was started in Brookville in 1905, largely by local capital. 
It was situated in ''Stavetown,'' on the flats, and the following notice ap- 
peared in a local paper concerning it : "The new hub factory at Stavetown 
begins operations Monday. It will give employment to ten men. Sufficient 
logs are already on hand in the yard to keep the plant running for the next 
two months and there is an untold amount of good hub timber within draw- 
ing distance in the woods about here.'' This plant was washed away by the 
great flood of 19 13 and never rebuilt. 

French Brothers, the large creamery tirm of Cincinnati. Ohio, established 
a creamery at Brookville on the grounds o])posite the George Morise resi- 
dence property, in the northeast part of town, overlooking the valley of the 
East Fork. This was in 1906. Fi\-e hundred cows were pledged the com- 
pany in February of that year. The plant cost about five thousand dollars, 
and was successfully operated for a time. Of late years it has not made butter, 
but is simplv a milk and cream-gathering station, the product being shipped 
to the company's plant in Cincinnati. 

In the nineties there was a patent folding-befl manufactured in Brook- 
ville by John Baker, the present well-known architect and wood-worker, of 
the place. This was an ingenious bed, which, when folded, resembled 
a wardrobe, for which purjjose it was used in part. It was rather com- 
plicated in its construction, and was manufactured only about two years. 
Some of these beds are still in use in and around Brookville. 


This industry was among the early ones in Brookville, though at first 
it was run on a small scale. It is now the leading enterprise of the town. 


Near the "Ilerniitage" was erectt;d a new nouring-mill in 1822 upon bor- 
rowed capital from Cincinnati. The builders failed and tlie l^ank foreclosed 
the mortsi^aye and the property was sold to James Speer, wiio tore down the 
saw-mill altachment and there built a small frame paper-mill, about thirty by 
eighty feet in size. This was put in operation July i, 1835, and the event was 
marked by a tlourish of local trumpets by tlie good citizens of Brookville. 
Later a large brick building was erected and what was known to paper- 
makers as the "iMjurdinicr" system was introduced. During the last years of 
its existence it was the pro]!erty of f'hillips & Speer. 'j'his firm failed in 
business and had t(j abandon their cheri>hed enterjjrise. Rags were carted 
from Cincinnati t(j this mill and paper taken back by the same teams. 

The third paper-mill was installed, (m the site of the old Kimble 
flouring-mills, near the present passenger station. In 1847 the mill com- 
menced to take its water from the canal, while the cotton-mill, operated in 
connection with it, was propelled b\' the waters of the river. Mr. Kimble, 
owner of the property, dispoed of it in 1851, and about 1871 it became the 
property of the .Stewart Pai)er Company, who converted it into a pafjer-mill, 
which was burned 'Slay 29, 187C'). The loss was fifty thousand dollars, with 
twenty-nine thousand dollars insurance. 

The next venture at paper-making in Brookville was made in 1S65 '^Y 
Hanna vt .\yers, who converted the old cotton factory and machine sho]) of 
Jeremiah Woods at the old canal basin, in the southeast part of town, into 
a paper-mill. After a short time they disposed of the plant to the Stewart 
Paper Company, who operated it until it was burned, in November, 1870. 

In 1869 F. M. -Stone commenced paper-making in the old mill near the 
canal basin and after a few years became insolvent. His creditors then 
formed the Stewart Paper Company and continued, the same being con- 
ducted by Hanna & Ayers till it ])urned down, in 1870. with a loss of forty 
thousand dollars. Sixty men were employed in the mill at the time. 

The pulp-mill that stood near the first canal lock, to the northwest of 
town, the ruins of which may still be seen, was built by the paper company 
in i86g. Thomas Lindsey had charge of this enterprise a number of vears. 
It was one of the best concerns in this section of the state. Thirtr hands 
turned out a daily output of si.xty-five thousand pounds of newspaper stock. 
The flood of 1898 ruined this plant, which had been destroved bv fire at 
least twice for ]\Ir. Lind.sey, who died after the last fire. 

For many years the entire output of the Stewart paper mills was con- 
sumed by the Cincinnati Enquirer. After failures and fires, the Stewart 
Paper Company went into the hands of a receiver and was operated bv the 


receivers until about 1849. In 1898' the Thomson & Xorris Company pur- 
chased the remains of the old Stewart company, including their lands alon;^ 
the canal, witli their pulp-mill to the northwest of the town, and the canal 
basin southeast of town. The new company operated the pulp-mill until 
1903, when it was abandoned, but still stood there and was totally ruined by 
the great flood of iVlarch, 19 13. 

The Thomson & Norris Company own plants at Brooklyn, New York, 
Boston, Niagara Falls, Brookville and Chicago. They manufacture at the 
Brookville plant only light .strawboard, from which is made corrugated paper 
and boxes such as are used by shippers of glass, millinery and parcel-post 
packages. They now employ about one hundred and twenty-five men. The 
power of this plant is one thousand horse-ixjwer, of which two hunrlred and 
fifty is derived from the waters of the old canal, while the rest is steam 
power. The raw material, which is straw, is largely shipped from four ad- 
joining counties, Shelln', Decatur, Rush and Bartholomew. Each fall they 
intend putting in a stock of from three to four thousand tons of straw. The 
daily capacity of the mills is twenty-five tons. 

The manner of producing strawboard in this mill is interesting. First 
the straw is cooked in large steel vats about fourteen feet in diameter. These 
are filled with straw and lime water, and cooked at a low pressure for about 
twelve hours. The stock is then conveyed by carriers to the "beaters," which 
remove the lime and grind the straw to a fine pulp, which is passed on to 
driers and through .rollers, making sheets about two by four feet in size. 
These are shipped to the markets of the country, and to the branch plants at 
Boston, Niagara Falls, Chicago, Brooklyn and New York. 

The flood of 19 13 materially injured this plant, but all has been rebuilt 
and it is now running full time. The buildings, both factory and warehouses, 
are large brick structures. On December 23, 191 1, a fire burned a portion of 
the four-story building, causing considerable confusion and loss, otherwise 
the plant has been highly successful and quite fortunate in its operation imder 
the present management. 


Among the leading manufacturing enterprises of Brookville is the ex- 
tensive furniture manufactory established in 1882 by C. A. Bishop. A. W. 
Johnstone and A. M. Tucker, in a brick building that had been erected in 
1873 for the old Brookville machine shop, the owners of which failed. The 
first-named gentleman manufactured a line of walnut bed-room suites, witli 


various grades of oak furniture. Mr. Johnstone's health failed, after which 
Bishop & Tucker conducted the business until 1894, when C. A. Bishop 
acquired the sole interest and organized the C. A. Bishop Company. The 
company continued until i8(j6 and then failed. The mortgage on the prop- 
erty was then foreclosed by the bank holding it and in 1897 A. M. Tucker 
and others formed the .\. AI. Tucker Furniture Company, which operated 
until 1907, when Tucker sold his interest to J. C. Shirk. The business was 
then reorganized as the present Orookville Furniture Company. They now 
make a high-grade of walnut and mahogany furniture, chielly bed-chamber 
suites, some of which, in the fifteen-piece sets, retail as high as si.x hundred 
dollars. Distributing depots are maintained at Philadelphia, Xew York, 
Chicago and Boston. The output of the factory is valued at about one hundred 
and seventy-five thousand dollars annually. The building, which was erected 
in 1910, is a fine brick structure, forty by one hundred and twenty-five feet, 
and four stories high. The machinery is run by electric motors, with a 
central plant of their own. The average nun:ber of men employed is alx)ut 
eighty, and the annual pay-roll is fort3'-fivc thousand dollars. Goods are 
sold in all parts of the United States. 

The present officers of the company arc as follow: J. C. Shirk, presi- 
dent and treasurer; J. Buckley, vice-president; J. H. Bishop, secretary and 
salesman; William Otto, superintendent; Samuel Shirk, director and travel- 
ing salesman. 


There are now four planing-mills in Brookville. One has a saw-mill 
in connection. One of these mills is situated on the hill in the main part of 
town, on Sixth street, and was established in about 1890 by William Fowler 
on grounds now occupied by the paper company near their straw yards. He 
sold to Ferris & Son and in about 1900 they sold to Fieber & Holmes, who 
continued in business in the above place about three years. They then moved 
to their new quarters on the hill and at the same time the saw-mill depart- 
ment was abandoned. This firm has furnished, as contractors, fine wood 
work for many public and private buildings, including the depots for the 
Big Four Railroad at Brookville, Cedar Grove and New Trenton, to take the 
place of the ones washed away by the floods of 1913; the school building, 
Methodist parsonage, the Sisters' school and many fine residences at Brook- 
ville; the fire station at Muncie, etc 

The John Ferris & Son's planing-mill is situated in the northeast part 


of Brookville, on the site of the old carriage factory, and where originally 
stood an excelsior (Hljer) mill. This firm di^es general contract work. They 
have a thirty-five horse-power coal-oil engine, run at an expense of nine dollars 
per week. Alembers of this firm had been in the wholesale lumber trade a 
number of years before en.^aging in the present business. 

Of the old excelsior mills it may be said that they were established by 
Baker & Reynolds, who operated only a short time. Then the plant was 
converted into a furniture factijry I)y Baker, Reynolds & Schiltz. The last 
industry, like the former, was not highly successful and went down. Then 
Schikz was manager of the Rro()k\ille Buggy Company. After his death 
it was sold to Eugene Horn, who moved the plant to Main street, and Ferris 
began operating the present planing-mill and wood-working jjlant. 

Another planing-mill and saw-mill is located in the west part of 
town, near the old canal and railroad tracks. About 1895 Dudley & Gettig 
put in operation a saw-mill and planer and were followed, after they had 
failed, by Bcckman brothers, who purchased the plant of the receiver who 
had been appointed for the first firm. The Beckman brothers came into 
possession of the property in 1914, and now have the only saw-mill in the 

Still another mill is that of Albert J. Cooksey, an expert mechanic, in 
the north part of town, who started what is styled the Brookville Xovelty 
Works in about 191 1. He does general hard and soft-wood work, contracts 
and does a creditable business. 


Another lively industry of present Brookville is the Scenic \'alley Ice 
and Dairy Product Company, owned by John Webber, late of Xewport, 
Kentucky, who, in 19 13, purchased the old canning factory plant, in the 
valley at the foot of the ridge in this town^ and converted it into an artificial 
ice plant. It has a daily capacity of producing twelve and a half tons of 
pure ice from deep-well water. This ice finds ready sale at home and supplies 
the majority of ice consumers in Brookville. The average price for this 
superior ice is five dollars and fifty cents per ton. In connection with the 
plant is a modem ice-cream factor}-, which makes a greater part of all the 
ice cream sold in the c unity. The ice is delivered daily in the ice season by 
teams owned Ijy Mr. Webber. The building is now a one-story brick, but 
formerly was a three-story structure, when used for canning and candy 


factory purposes. It was destroyed by fire a few years ago and reroofed as 
a one-story building. Every modern facility for producing ice and ice cream 
is here installed. After the fire burned tiie ]>lant out. the premises were 
again used as a vegetable canning factory for a time before it was sold to its 
present owner. 

Another ice house is that of Joseph Seidling, which is located at the 
foot of Main street, near the canal basin. Here one linds a large ice house 
in which is stored natural ice. the most of. which is consumed by the various 
saloons of Brookville. who purchase beer of the proprietor. Mr. Seidling 
also conducts a bottling works on the hill near the Catholic school. This 
industry was founded about twenty years ago by Mr. Seilding. 

The Brookville Produce Company, which is managed by W'ilbert Rog- 
ers for the owners at Cincinnati, Armacost & Riley, was established by T. J. 
Buckingham in 1893. Buckingham operated it nine years and then sold to 
Bloom & Dreifus, who continued five years and sold to a Mr. Lloyd, of 
Greensburg, who was its owner till he sold to the present owners about 191 1. 
The !)usiness is carried on at the foot of the hill, southuest of the Catholic 
church. The buildings are partly frame and partly brick. During the ll'^^d 
of 1913 the brick building was partly ruined, causing a loss of about six 
hundred and fifty dollars, while there was a total loss in stock on hand 
amounting to one thousand one hundred dollars. This concern handles poul- 
try, butter and eggs, which are shipped to Cincinnati. Wagons are rufi 
through the surrounding country to gather the produce from farmers. Huck- 
sters also sell much to this company. The business for the last five years 
has amounted to about three hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The ware- 
house is located on a convenient spur of the Big Four railroad. 

F. J. Sauter has a small poultry produce house in the north end of town. 


The Brookville Granite and Marble Works were established about 1S98 
by Frank X. Seibert and A. J. Cook, who continued until 1904, when ^Ir. 
Seibert took full control, and, with his son, both expert stone cutters and 
monument makers, has since handled the business. They import granite and 
marble from Scotland, as well as large quantities from Xew England and 
Wisconsin. Their designs and artistic workmanship are to be seen and ad- 
mfred in many oi the "silent cities" of Franklin and adjoining counties. The 
excellent lettering on their tombstones and shafts will stand as a record for 
them when future decades shall have passed away. 



There are now two cigar factories in Brookville. One, operated by 
F. J. Baker in the northwest part of town, was estahhshed as revenue num- 
ber 528, in 1893, and now works eight cigar makers. Mr. Baker sells special 
brands of cigars known as "LaFolda," "Baker's Perfecto," "Chief Execu- 
tive," and "No. T129." These goods find ready sale in a radius of Brook- 
ville of about one hundred miles. The factory puts out a half million cigars 

The oldest cigar factory, however, in Brookville is the one on the corner 
of Main and Fourth streets, owned and operated by F. M. Hathaway, who 
came from Rising Sun, in March, 1883, and established a business in the 
same quarters which he is now occupying. It is styled the "Spot Cigar Fac- 
tory," and is No. 22 in district No. 6 of Indiana. The name was derived 
from a beautiful coach dog the proprietor owned and he took a picture of the 
dog and from it made his trade-mark, so familiar to smokers in this section 
of the country. He runs as high as seventeen cigar-makers and has made 
upon an average of a half million cigars annually for twenty -nine vears. 
These goods are sold chielly in Indiana. Kentucky and Ohio. The raw ma- 
terial is largely from the tobacco fields of Cuba, Connecticut and a small part 
from Wisconsin and Ohio. The brands include "Spot." "Hath." "Hath- 
away's jNIonogram," "Robert Walker," "Indiana Queen" and "Telephone." 
His pay-roll has amounted to about one hundred and fifty dollars per week 
since the establishment of his business, twenty-nine years ago. 


Telephone lines now reach nearly every corner of Franklin county and 
according to the statistics of 1914 cover a total of 518.69 miles. There are 
twelve lines of this wonderfully useful utility in the county and four connect 
with tljg. central station at Brookville. The principal company is known as 
the Brookville Telephone Company, which was organized in April, 1S95. Its 
franchise has recently expired and a new one has been applied for. This 
company has six hundred subscribers, and makes direct connection with Cin- 
cinnati, via the Bell telephone system. 

The other local corporations operating telephone lines include the Laurel 
Telephone Company, organized a few years ago by Ray Goudie and his 
mother. This company has one hundred and fifty subscribers. Mr. Goudie 
and his mother also operate a line from Brookville to Oldenburg, having about 


forty instruments in use. The Brookville & St. Peters line is owned and 
operated by I-'rank \Vrii;iit and others, twenty-five of the twenty-eight shares 
which is held by -Mr. W'ri^tjht. This line operates one wire and serves fifteen 
patrons in a satisfactory manner. 

The value of tlic telephone system of today cannot be estimated to the 
people of the country. Great is the contrast since a line of the old-fashioned 
vibratory 'plione system was in use from the foot of Main street to the foot 
of the hill near the old canal basin district, which was considered a gfreat 
achievement in the early eij^hlics. With the invention of the electric tele- 
phone, distance has almost lieen annihilated. In the spring of 191 5 President 
Wilson talked from his office in Washins^^on, D. C, to the manager of the 
Panama E.xposition at San Francisco. 

Ten years before the Brookville Telephone Company was organized, in 
1895, there was a private telei)hone line in the town. A man by the name of 
Cassius Alley put up a line in 1884 between Koeber's two bakeries on Main 
street. They were about four blocks ajjart, yet the vibratory boxes which 
Alley installed at either end of his wire were so well installed that conversa- 
tion was carried on very satisfactory over the line. Alley later put in private 
wires from the stores of Doctor Buckingham and L(juis Hornung to their 
respective houses. Those were in use until the electric telephone was in- 
stalled in the town in 1895. 

That Franklin county is well supplied with telephones today is evident 
from the following tabic which sets forth the various telephone companies 
having lines within the county. This shows that the Brookville Telephone 
Company has more nu'les of lines than any other company in the countv : 

Name of Company. Miles. 

American Telephone and Telegraph Co. 61.44 

Central Union Telephone Co. 3--75 

Batesville Teleplione Co. 30-50 

Brookville Telephone Co. • 278 

Brookville and Oldenburg Telephone Co. 40 

Brookville and St. Peters Telephone Co. 11 

College Corner Telephone Co. of Ohio 46 

Hamilton Home Telephone Co. 36 

Johnson's Fork and Rockdale Telephone Co. 21 

New Salem Telephone Co. 9 

People's Telephone Association of Indiana 52 

- Southern Telephone Co. of Aurora i 


In this connection it might be stated that the Western Union Telegraph 
Company operates seventy-four miles of lines within the county. Adams 
Express Company does business on U.HH miles, while the .\merican Express 
Company controls 31.05 miles. The Pullman Sleeping Car Company oper-' 
ates 10.13 miles of track. 6.88 of which is on the Chesapeake & Ohio lines 
and 3.25 on the Chicago Division of the Cincinnati. Chicago Central 8c St. 
Louis. The White Water division of the Big Four docs not run sleeping 


Preparatory steps were taken to incorporate Brookville on the first Mon- 
day of September, 1838, but nothing materialized definitely until March 4, 
1839, when C. F. Clarkson and Jeremiah Woods appeared before the board 
of county commissioners, Samuel Shirk, Robert Templeton and Thomas 
Flint, and there presented a pclilion containing the names of se\enty-scvcn 
of the voters of the town, this being over two-thirds of the legal voters of 
Brookville, praying that Brookville be incorporated. Later in the same month 
there appeared in the American and Dcuwcrat, local newspapers of the town, 
notices stating that on Saturday, March 23, 1839, an election would be held 
for the purpose of electing five trustees preparatory to incorporating the town. 
The election was held and the board of trustees there elected met on ^March 
25, 1839. At first, districts were designated instead of wards, as now known, 
which system did not obtain until 184S. The first trustees, representing dis- 
tricts of the newly formed incorporation, were as follow: Rufus Hammond, 
first district ; Ransel Curtis, second district : John ^L Johnston, third district ; 
C. F. Clarkson, fourth district : William T. Beeks. fifth district. These offi- 
cials were sworn into office before Daniel St. Juhn. a justice of the peace. 

A temporary organization was effected by calling Rufus Haymond to the 
chair and appointing George Berry, clerk; George Holland, treasurer: R. P. C. 
Barwick, lister; Samuel Sheppard, marshal and collector, all to serve for the 
term of one year. 

A legislative act concerning the incorporation of the town of Brookville 
and for other purposes had three sections that read as follows: 

"Section i. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the state of In- 
diana, that the petition of the inhabitants of the town of Brookville. in the 
county of Franklin, to the board of commissioners of said county, for the 
purpose of incorporating^ said town under the act entitled, 'An act for the 


incorporation of thi; town,' approved I-chruary 17, 1838, the proceedings of 
the said b(jard of commissioners, and the election of trustees for said cor- 
poration be and the same are herein- legalized, and that the said town of 
Brookville is hereby declared iiic(jrpt>rated under said act, provided, that 
nothing therein contained shall be so construed as to affect the riglit of in- 
dividual suit or prosecution commenced prior to the passage of this act. 

"Section 2. Tlic funds arising from licenses granted by said corporation 
under and by virtue of the nineteenth section of the above cited act shall be 
appropriated for the use of said corporation as the money belonging to the 

"Section 3. So much of the nineteenth section of the aforesaid act as 
comes within the perview of the second section of this act as far as regards 
the corporation of the town of Brookville, be and the same is hereby repealed. 
"This act to take effect and be in force from and after its passage.'" 
Approved February 10, 1840. 

The minutes of the town board meetings give the following in substance, 
all being matters of real historic interest: 

In 1840 the market house was built on ground where now stands the 
town hall. 

In 1849 cholera visited Brookville, causing the death of a number of 
citizens. A hospital was established in the old Yellow tavern and Doctor 
Raymond was placed in charge of it. 

In 1850 the jail, which had been built in 1827, was set on fire by the 
inmates and burned, after which Benjamin Remy, contractor, erected the 
one which was torn down in 1883. 

In June, 1872, the board of town trustees directed the town clerk to sell 
the old market house to the highest bidder, and A. J. Folmsbee purchased it 
for twenty dollars. 

On July 27, 1872, the corporation was enlarged to its present boundaries. 
On September 22, 1872, the board met to consider the propriety of 
building a town hall. Bids were later advertised and Thomas Barton sub- 
mitted plans and specifications for the cellar of the hall, which were accepted, 
and the letting of the building of the hall was ordered to be held October i. 
1872. The contract was let to Patrick Ryan. John Burkhart and Jacob Smith 
for finding the material and building the basement. 

On August 31. 1875. the plans and specifications of Parsons & Richter, 
of Indianapolis, for the hall were adopted and the letting directed to be held 
September 5. but later changed to October 11, when the contract was awarded 
to John AIcKenzie, of Indianapolis, for twelve thousand three hundred dol- 


lars, to be ccjniplcled Decc-nilicr 15, ii<y6. 'Ihe corner-stone of tlie hall was 
laid March 4, i.SjO, Col. William .M. .McCarthy delivering the address. The 
trustees who erected the hall were: '['. PI. Crown, Paul Ileasom, Jacob Ger- 
ber, William Dunz, Sr., and Thomas Carton. 

On March 13, 1876, Thomas I'artcjn was ordered to procure a seal for 
the town of Brcjokville and such .seal was adopted .\pril i. that year. 

In November, 1877, an engine house was contracted for at the west end 
of Sixth street, the same costing three hundred fifty-eight dollars. 

In October, 1881, the trustees decided to procure street lamps, and on 
November 26, that year, reported having located about thirty lamps in various 
parts of the town. 

From 18S3 to 1S8S the town put in nine fire cisterns, at a cost of three 
thousand one hundred and twenty-eight dollars. 

In June, 1884, the town paid George Schlapp and Christian Koeber 
forty dollars for a lot on which a calaboose was erected that month, at an 
expense of one thousand one hundred and twenty-five d(;llars. Louis Ilon- 
ecker being the contractor. The calaboose was used after September 25, 1884. 

In May, i8'87, A. W. and I. Crist were granted permission to lay pipes 
for natural gas in the streets of Brookville. In June, of that vear, a survey 
of the town was made and grades established. 

In November, 1889, the coutity comtnissioners were allowed one hundred 
and fifty dollars for the town's share toward putting up the town clock. 

On February 11, 1890, the Brookville Electric Light and Power Com- 
pany was allowed permission to erect poles, wires, etc., i-n the streets and 

Electric lights were first turned (jn in Brookville. from the plant using the 
power deri\ed from the Speer paper mill. March 24. 1891, but, the s\ stem 
being a failure, it soon was shut down by the town. A few months later the 
Eau Claire (Wisconsin) company had their lights in operation and since then 
the town has had lights from electricity — night service onlv. 


The following is a list of the presidents and clerks of the town board of 
Brookville since its incorporation in 1839. The list is complete as to who was 
elected, but there are a few instances where another served out a part of the 
term of oflice. In the main the list shows who has been at the head of the 
town government for the years from 1839 to 1915, inclusive: 

1839-43, Rufus Raymond, president, George Berry, clerk: 1843-46, 


Lewis \i\'^i:;s. president. Gcorc^e r.erry, clerk; 1846-50, R. M. McCleery, presi- 
dent, I. I). Ilcnvland. clerk; 1X50-5J, A. W. McCleery, president, E. Haymond, 
clerk; 1S52-53. (Jeorge .M. Byrani, president. Alfred Ward, clerk; 1853-55, 
C. B. Bentley, president. Alfred Ward and others, clerk; 1855-56. I. D. How- 
land, president, John F. Hazzard, clerk; 1856-57, M. \V. Haile. president, E. 
Winscott, clerk; 1857-58. M. W. 1 laile, president. C. C. Bentley, clerk; 1858'- 
59, Wilson Morrow, president. Hioinas I. Lyner. clerk; 1859-60. Wilson 
Morrow, president. R. AI. Goodwin, clerk; i860, Joseph R. Clark, president, 
Milton Cullum, clerk; 1 860-61, C. B. Bentley. president. John Adair Smith, 
clerk; 1861-63, Daniel Ivnrrer, president. William H. Bracken, clerk; 1863-64, 
H. H. Schrichte, president, B. H. West, clerk; 1864-67, I. H. Inid.ije. presi- 
dent. J. W. Hutchinson, clerk; 1867-69. Ed Mayer, president. F. S. Swift, 
clerk; 1869-71. J. V. Bennesdeffer. president. F. S. Swift, clerk; 1871-74, 
Jacob Gerber, president, F. S. Swift, clerk; 1874-76, Jacob Gerbcr, president. 
Stephen E. Urmston, clerk; 1876-77, Thomas Barton, jjresident. E. S. Urm- 
ston. clerk; 1877-78. Adair B. Line, president, S. E. Urmston, clerk; 1878-79, 
M. \V. Haile, president. S. F. L'nnston. clerk; 1879-80, M. \\'. Haile. presi- 
dent. A. H. Rockafellar. clerk; r88o-8i, Jacob Gerber, president, A. H. 
Rockafellar. clerk; 18S1-84. S. S. Herrell. president. James B. Kidney, 
clerk; 1884, S. S. Harrell. president, M. P. Senefeld, clerk; 1885. D. \V. Mc- 
Kee, president, M. P. Senefeld, clerk; 1S85-86, J. D. Fieber. president. P. R. . 
Hendrickson. clerk; 1S86-88. Charles Bishop, president. P. R. Flendrickson. 
clerk; iS'88-89, .\aron B. Line, president, H. E. Xeasley, clerk; iSScj-ijo. 
J. D. Fieber, president. H. E. Beasley. "clerk ; 1890-91. Theodore H. Brown, 
president, John W. Gates, clerk; 1891, John D. Fieber, president. John W. 
Gates, clerk; 1891-92, Theodore H. Brown, president. \V. E. Schoonover, 
clerk; 1892-93, Abe Bossert. president. W. E. Schoonover. clerk; 1893-94, 
M. C. Arnistron£]f, president. G. FT. P.ogart, clerk; 1894-95. M. C. Armstrong, 
president. George L. ^^'ise. clerk; 1895-99. Peter Werst. president. E. H. 
Wiley, clerk; 1899-1900, Peter Werst, president, W. AL Geis. clerk; 1900-03. 
Peter Werst, president, ^^■illiam FL West, clerk; 1903-05, ^L C. Armstrong, 
president. Joseph Dacey. clerk; 1905-06, :\L C. Armstrong,* president. Arthur 
O. Gates, clerk; 1906-07, Frank X. Seibert, president. Joseph Smith, clerk; 
1907-10, John W. Eye. president. Joseph Smith, clerk; 1910-13. Abe Bossert, 
president. Joseph Smith, clerk; 1913-15, Henry Rusterholz, president, Albert 
Trichler. clerk. 

The full set of officers in Brookville in 1915 is as follows: The board 
is composed of William Burkhart. president; Joseph, Hannan. Clinton E. 
Grist. Clarence Moore, Abe Bossert; clerk, Albert Trichler; treasurer. 


Charles E. Winscott; marshal, H. K. Balsley ; secretary of board of health, 
Dr. G. E. Sqiiier ; water-works superintendent, P. T. McCammon : water 
engineer, Ed C. Burkiiart ; town att<jrney, James B. Kidney : night watch, 
Adam Peter. 

Of the indebtedness of the town, it should be stated that had it not been 
for the flood of 1913, the town would now have enough in funds with which 
to install a -new electric lighting plant, but as it is, it owes five thousand 
dollars for its expense in protecting the river-front, etc. This is the town's 
only indebtedness. 


The town is protected by a well-trained volunteer fire company and the 
direct pressure waterworks, which has its large reservoir on the high hill 
overlooking the town from the nortiieast. The reservoir affords a pressure 
of about eighty-five pounds to the s(|uare inch in the bottoms, which will 
throw a strong stream as high as the clock in the courthouse tower. There 
are now fire-plugs to the number of sixty, with six miles of water mains 
through the town. There are five hose houses located in the various wards, 
and in them are kept sufficient hose and other fire-fighting apparatus to pro- 
tect the town in any ordinary conflagration. The town owns five thousand 
feet of good hose, there being a duplicate amount for each hose cart, so that 
one set is always dry and ready for use. The firemen are paid a nominal sum 
for each fire alarm turned in, while the chief, who is Adam Peter, a night- 
watchman, gets extra pay for the extra work he has to do. No fire has suc- 
ceeded in getting to a second building since the waterworks system was in- 
stalled, so efficient is the company and its appliances. 


Very few of the present generaticin are aware that a system of water- 
works was in operation in Erookville as early as 1820. They were the first 
in the state and, st3 far as known, the first in the Northwest. 

The situation of the town made it impossible to dig a well through one 
hundred feet or more of glacial drift. Cisterns at that time being an un- 
known luxury, all the water used for domestic purposes was hauled or car- 
ried from springs that were found along the river's edge. The spring that 
furnished the greater part of the water used was found on the bank of the 
West Fork, about where the water tank is now located. This spring was 
quite famous years ago. , Two barrels were sunk in the ground and were 


always filled witli an abniulance of clear cool water. Lar;^e trees grew near 
and cast a pleasant shade o\ er the spring making it a pleasant place to rest. 

If the old sijrin,!^ could burst forth again, we wonder if it could not tell 
us many interesting stories of tlujse who carried its waters to the Adair 
tavern, which is still an old landmark on .Main street; of the mothers who 
carried a bucket of water in one hand and led a child with the other; of the 
men who talked politics by its side, and of the lovers who strolled there in 
the twilight and made promises of love that bound them together for life. 

The early inhabitants of Brookville were a live, energetic and progressive 
people. Carrying water from springs along the river proved too much of a 
task for the i)eople. Some local genius thought of some system of water- 
works (perhaps some n{ the good housewives first suggested the idea) by 
which the water from the s[)rings north of town, now known as '"Butler 
springs,'' could be made to convey their water through pipes into the town. 
The system was not such as we are going to have at the present time; they 
had no pumping station, except nature's and no iron pipes conducted the 
water through the town. The pioneer system was constructed of the ma- 
terials furnished by the forest. The mains were sycamore sajjlings of a 
three-inch bore, prepared at Amos Church's mill, on the East Fork, by W'ill- 
iam Adams, a practical pump-maker of that day. He was paid by the foot 
for his work. 

As is the case today, the people want the water as cheap as possible, and 
in order to obtain it at a low figure the town put in the plant. Enoch Mc- 
Carty and Saul Allen represented the town and superintended the work. 
They paid Amos Butler for the water and right of way five hundred dollars — 
no small amount in those days, but water they must have, let it cost what it 

The mains were all laid under the ground. The reservoir was made 
of oak planks and was eight or ten feet deep. It was located in the high 
ground where A. W. Butler now lives. From the reservoir the mains ex- 
tended south to the stock-pen, which was located about where the Catholic 
church now stands. Only one family — one of the Nobles — could boast of 
having the water piped in their house. All the other people obtained their 
water by some outside arrangement. Watering troughs were located along 
Main street at various places, to water the stock and horses of the fanners, 
who came in to trade. 

Tradition has it that those who lived under the hill and had wells, con- 
sidered the inhabitants of Main street as being very aristocratic, and. to get 
■even, a stray dog or cat was occasionally deixjsited in the reservoir. 


The system did not prove to be a very great succcs.-: The pipes were 
made of green sycamore and allowed to lie in the sun for some time before 
they were laid, which caused them to split at the ends and leak more or less 
of the water. Then the pressure was scj great that the ]jipes were continually 
bursting. With these misfortunes, the s\stem only remained in operation 
from 1820 to 1823 or 1824. After the system was abandoned, the people 
again carried their water from the spring mentioned above, until twenty 
years later, when it was discox'ered that rain water caught in cisterns, was 
just as. good as sjjring water carried freni the river. 


The question of supplying the hi.^her levels of the town with water had 
been discussed every season of drouth, hut never took definite shape until 
July 14. 1890, when, according to the town records, Charles A. Bishoj) ap- 
peared before the hoard of town trustees, at their regular session, and. in an 
earnest appeal, urged the l)oard to submit the ([uestion of building a water 
works to the people of the town at once. Thereupon the board appointed 
a committee c«>nsi.sting of James F. West and John Butler, who were in- 
structed to consult with George F. O'Byrne, attorney of the town, as to the 
proper legal mode of procedure, visit the water plants of the different cities 
and towns within a radius of one hundred miles, and report ways and means 
at an early day. 

The committee reported at a special session of the board. July 21. 1890. 
On August II, 1890, G. Henri Bogart presented before the board a petition 
from the resident freeholders of tlie town, asking that the board call a special 
election for the purjiose of submitting to the legal voters of the town the 
question of building water works. The petition contained the names of a 
majority of the resident freeholders of the town. Upon due examination 
of the petition, the board ordered that a special election be held on the 13th 
day of October, 1890. 

At the regular session of the board, August 16, W. E. Kennedy, of 
Rockport, Indiana, was employed to make surveys and estimates for the 
proposed water works. His report was submitted on September 11, when 
he was ordered to prepare plans and sjjecifications and report at an early day. 

The committee heretofore appointed by the board visited six or seven 
different waterworks plants in neighboring towns and cities, and deduced 
from observations made that the direct pressure system with a small stand- 
pipe, would be best adapted to the needs of Brook ville. 


On October 13, i8f;o, the fiuestion of building waterworks was decided 
at the polls by a vote oi three hundred anfl three for and eighty-four against. 

On January <S, 189 1. .\. H. Kennedy presented his completed plans and. 
after due examination, the board rejected them by a unanimous vote. At 
the same meeting John Burkhart was employed to make surveys, plans and 
specifications. On ^larch 9 the new plans were examined and approved, 
and finally received and ad(Ji)tcd as complete, May 2. 

On May 14 surveys were made of land rc'iuired for waterworks pur- 
poses, the land was condemned, and viewers were ordered to assess damages. 
On June 13 a letting was advertised to take place. On July 23 two bona fide 
bids were received — one from Sheehan & Dunn, of Detroit, Michigan, at 
$26,497.30, and other from James Madden & Company, of Fort Wayne, 
Indiana, at $27,100. The amount i>f the lowest bid being a greater sum than 
the town could legally become liable for, both bids were rejected. 

It was now proposed to modify the plans so as to bring them within the 
limit, viz : two per cent, on all the ta.Kables of the town, and, to place the 
second venture on a more secure footing, a subscription list for donations 
to make up the excess that might occur was circulated am(»ng the citizens of 
the town. The people responded generously and one thousand six hundred 
and two dollars were subscribed, Messrs. Bishop and Tucker heading the list 
with five hundred dollars. Every dollar subscribed was paid promptly. 

On August 14, John Burkhart presented a petition signed l)y a majority 
of the resident freeholders of the town ])raying the board to build a reser- 
voir system of waterworks, and authorizing the board to create a bonded 
indebtedness within the constitutional limit. 

On July 25 the plans and specifications were revised and modified so as 
to reduce the cost and bring it within the tovvn's limited means and a read- 
vertisement was ordered August 24, to be let on the 17th day of September. 
Three bids were received for the whole plant, viz : Madden & Company, of 
Fort Wayne, $27,700: Codogan ]Moran, of Chicago. Illinois, $22,821. and 
Thomas A. Hardman. of Olney. Illinois. $22,500. Mr. Ilardman being the 
lowest bidder, the contract was awarded to him, he agreeing to accept $21,250 
from the town and $1,250 out of the citizens' donation fund, making a total 
of $22,250 for the whole plant complete, tested to the satisfaction of the 
board of trustees and superintendent. Contract was entered into September 
21, 1 89 1, and first ground was broken on the work on September 26. John 
Burkhart was appointed superintendent of construction. 

Details of the plant were as follow : The well sunk on the bank of the 
East fork of White Water is twenty-five feet deep, twenty feet inside diameter 


and twelve feet below low-water mark in the river; it is walled with stone 
laid in hydraulic cement. The pump house is a substantial brick iniilding^, 
twenty-ei<i[hL,.lj|>: thirty-six fcc-i. built (jn concrete anrl stone foundatifms. with 
cement floor and slate roof, situated eight feet west of the well. The 
steam plant consists (jf a fil'ty-horse-power steel lx)iler and a standard com- 
pound duplex pum])in:j: eni^inc of twenty-five thousand gallons capacity per 
hour. The whole stream jjlant i>i one of the best ef|uipped in the state. It 
was built by the Laidlaw & Dunn Company, of Cincinnati. Ohio. The 
pump has a mean lift of ei.L,diteen feet throui::h an easy bend, eicrht-inch suc- 
tion pi[)e thirty-five feet lomj. and the dischar<4e-])ipc is six inches in diameter, 
one thousand eiqlit Iniiidrc-d feet lont.;-, and has a vertical rise or pressure-head 
of two hundred and two feet, deliverin;:^ the water into the reservoir near its 
bottom, and is connectefl with the outflow, or town-supply main, inside of 
the reservoir basin and equijiped with valve gates so that at will the water 
can be delivered directly into the supply mains of the town independent oi 
the reservoir, and a direct pressure can be maintained. The reservoir is lined 
with stone and is plastered with Portland cement, having a three-foot arti- 
ficial-stone walk all around the basin. The basin is fifteen feet deep and 
will hold three hundred and sixty-two thousand gallons of water, equal to a 
four-day supply for three thousand inhabitants, each using thirty gallons per 
day. The reservoir is romantically situated and. when nature has carpeted 
over the rough surface made by pick and shovel, it will be one of the most 
beautiful places around Brookville. The pleasant dream is indulged by 
many of our enterprising citizens that some day not far distant the wiiole of 
the hill and its broad sides may ])e owned by the city and converted into a 
park, thus furnishing a pleasant retreat during warm weather. The emin- 
ences at and above the reservoir furnish fine views of the citv and the 
valleys stretching out from it and it would be gratifying if it could be dedi- 
cated to the people as a pleasure resort. 


A postoffice was established at Brookville in April, 1813 — one hundred 
and two years ago. Just where it was kept for the first decade and more is 
not known, but long before the Civil War it was kept at the old "White 
Corner," on .South ]\Iain street, where now- stands the Franklin County Bank 
building. Before that it was in the McCrady block, from which place it was 
removed to the John King building, and from there, in 1S77, it was moved 
to its present quarters in the city building, or town hall. 


It is now a second-class jMstofticf, its receipts being in excess of eight 
thousand dollars. The change from third to second-class was made (the 
last time) in 19 14. It was anvMig the early money-order points in the state, 
and was made a savings deposit office SeiJtemher i, 191 1. Its deposits have 
run as high as two thousand five hundred dollars, but at present TApril, 
1915), are one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two dollars. There are now 
eight rural free deli\eries routes running to outlying districts and villages. 
The business of the office fur the last fiscal year, outside of money-order 
transactions, amounted to eight thousand eight hundred and sixty dollars. 
One of the postmasters of this place, T. J. Tyner, was a relative of Post- 
master-General Tyner, once a resident of Brookville. 

The following have served as postmasters since the establishment of the 
office in 18 13, such list being supplied by the postoffice department at Wash- 
ington : William H. Eads. April 13, 1813; N. D. Gallion. July 5. 1816; 
J. S. Powers, April iS, 183 1; W. B. Davis, May 20. 1833: George r.crry, 
April 29, 1835; Jeremiah Woods. June 11, 1841 ; B. H. Burton, March 22, 
1843; Herman Linck. September 17, 1849: John King, May 13, 1853; C. B. 
Bentlcy, March 27. 1855; J. O. West, August 20, i8r>o: H. C. Gallion, May 
II, 1861;- N. D. Gallion. June 7. 1864: Samuel Gallion. Septcmlx^r 7, 1S65; 
T. J. Tyner, January 12, 1869: J. B. Tyner. March 15, 1881 : R. D. Temple- 
ton, December 7, 18S5; R. J. Cain, April 12. 1890; George Ritze. April 5, 
1894: L. L. Burke, ^larch 16, 1898: A. H. Rockafellar, May 26. 1899; 
George E. Mullin, February 20, 1905: John H. Kimble. March 3, 1909: A. 
J. Shriner, May 22, 19 13. 


Originally, this club was known as the Brookville Business Men's Asso- 
ciation. It was organized January 17, 1889, and its objects were set forth 
at that date as follows, in part: "To develop the resources of Brookville and 
vicinity; to encourage the establishment of factories, and to agitate the mat- 
ter of abandoning all the toll roads leading into the town, making all public 
highways free to the traveling public." 

The association started out with eighty-nine members and had as its 
officers: President, Albert H. Kaiser; secretary, James B. Kidney; treasurer, 
Isaac A. Popper; vice-president. Z. T. Hutchinson. 

The association did much good work and saw many results. On April 
5, 1912, by a vote, the name was changed to "The Brookville Commercial 
Club.'' When the electric roads were being agitated, the association and 


club did all in their power to brins; such a line throujjh the countv, but so far 
the work has been in vain. \\ hen the great Hood of March. 191 3, cast jjloom 
and sorrow throu.^liiuU the community, the members of the club worked da}- 
and night to relie\e the unfrjrtunate sufferers and had charge of the relief 
fund. When the new court house was dedicated they took charge of many 
of the things connected therewith. They backed the establishment of the 
Chautauqua system, now so much enjoyed in the town. They took money 
from their treasury ant! had made se\eral hundred comfortable seats which 
are annually used within the mammoth tent that is furnished by the Chautau- 
qua company. The club is now in a flourishing condition and has ample 
funds on hand. The members pay a stipulated ami>unt as yearly dues to 
maintain the organization. 

The present officers of the Brookville Commercial Club are: I. M. 
Bridgman, president: J. C. Shirk, vice-president: Will M. Baker, secretary'; 
George E. Dennett, treasurer; directors. W. D. Bradt, F. L. Hornung, George 
Dickson, A. J. Shriner, H. B. Smith, James B. Kidney, John C. Shirk. M. P. 
Hubbard and Will M Baker. 


Brookville is indeed fortunate in possessing a good public librarv. Of 
its foundation, the first mention in print is the organization of the Brookville 
reading room, September i. 1S95. There were kept for free public reading 
such papers and magazines as could be obtained by members of the society 
and friends of the enterprise. The president of that organization was Mrs. 
W. H. Bracken and the secretary was Mrs. S. S. Harrell. This ran quite 
satisfactorily tor a time, but "what was everyone's business was no one's,"' 
and it went down. 

In 191 1 a library association was organized under the state laws of 
Indiana, a subscription circulated by which funds were raised, and the lot 
immediately north of the old .Amos Ijutler homestead, on Xorth ^lain street, 
was purchased. Then, after much correspondence on the part of John C. 
Shirk with Andrew Carnegie, the latter gentleman finally consented to donate 
ten thousand dollars with which to erect and furnish the present handsome 
red-brick public library. This building was dedicated September 18. 19 12. 
with appropriate ceremonies. Demarchus C. Brown, state librarian, delivering 
the address. 

This library is designed especially for Brookville township, which in- 
cludes the city, and both are taxed annually for its support — the last levy 


being seven mills on a dollar, in the city, and five mills in the outlying town- 
ship. Books are furnished for reference to students for school work in 
other townships in the county, free of charge. About six hundred dollars 
worth of books are annually added to the shelves of the library, the remainder 
of the tax levy going toward maintaining the library. There were on hand 
March i, 1915, two thousand three hundred and ninety-seven books and 
fifteen regular periodicals, besides various local newspapers. One-third of 
the books are designed for the iu\ enile patrons and two-thirds for adults. 

The present library officers are: John C. Shirk, president; Mrs. M. P. 
Hubbard, secretary; :Mrs. S. S. Harrell, Frank Geis, William H. Senour, 
Louis Fedennann, Harry Stoop and Frank Deutsch, board of trustees. 
The librarian is Mrs. ]\Iaye Charni, who has served ever since the opening 
of the library in 191 2. The library is well patronized and much appreciated 
by old and young of the township. It stands as another monument to the 
good sense of the community as well as a lasting memorial to Mr. Carnegie. 


Nothing speaks better for a community than to know that it cares well 
and tenderly for its departed dead. While it is true that some of the pioneer 
burying grounds in this vicinity were anything but inviting spots and have 
long since been almost forgotten and sadly neglected, those of modern years 
show due care and excellent taste in the manner in which they are kept. 

According to an article written and vouched for by John C. Campbell 
in 191 1, the first white person laid away to rest in Brookville soil was under 
the following circumstances: About 1804 two families, named Marshall and 
Henry, immigrants from Pennsylvania en route to the neighborhood of Con- 
nersville, arrived as far as the present site of Brookville, when the elder 
Marshall, the father-in-law of Mrs. Sarah Marshall, was taken ill and was 
unable to proceed farther. He was cared for as best they could care for 
one without proper remedies, but he died. The Indians w^ho then occupied 
the valley had a buiying ground on the bluff where the park is now situated. 
along the Fairfield avenue, where later the Younts and Bogart residences 
\vere built. The Indians gave permission to bury Mr. Marshall there, and 
stated to the sorrowing pilgrims that "this is the first pale face ever buried 
in this neighborhood." The travelers continued on to the north and settled 
near Columbia. 



The next cemetery was situated at the corner of Tenth and ^^ill streets, 
and in its center stands the old hrick church erected by the Methodist people 
in 1822, and now occupied by the Lutherans. It is said that the first burial 
there was WiUiam H., the two-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan Cole- 
scctt. This cemetery has been well tilled with graves of several generations, 
many of the head-stones and tomljs antedating the twenties. 

The next Protestant cemetery was the present one. which is situated on 
the west side of the West fork of White Water river, about a half mile from 
the city. The land from which it was platted originally belonged to the last 
Franklin County Agricultural Society, which went down in 1880, and soon 
thereafter the Odd Fellows of Brookville purchased it and platted it into a 
cemetery. The lodge managed it for a time, when it was trans- 
ferred to the present Maple Grove Cemetery Association. At present the 
records show that s(3mething over twelve hundred bodies ha\e been buried 
in this sacred enclosure. The first to be laid to rest there was Mrs. Allison 
Cummins, nee Angeline W'oodworth, June 10, 1883. This is a well-kept 
cemetery, having most of the modern im])rovements and is cared for by 
a competent sexton, who spares no time and pains to make it attractive at 
all seasons of the year. Here one sees numerous costly and tastilv-designed 
monuments. Recently, an addition has been made to the grounds to the 
southward, making in all about six acres to be used exclusivelv for burial 
purposes. The present sexton, W'illiam Rockwell, has been in charge ever 
since the grounds were opened, thirty-two years ago. Frank X. Seibert is 
the present secretary and has the records of the association in detail. 

Of the Catholic cemeteries, it should be said that the first was on grounds 
where now stands the Catholic church, the land for which was deeded to the 
bishop of that church on January 23, 1845, ^'""J- according to an earlv writer, 
a Mr. Bauer was the first to be buried there, the date being either 1S47 or 

The first section of the present Catholic cemeter\-, Iving in the extreme 
northeast part of the city, was deeded to the church on June 10. 1860, while 
other parts were deeded on January 19, 191 1, and Januarv 15. 191;. It 
is believed the first to be buried within this hallowed ground was Annie, 
infant' daughter of William and Catherine Hart, August 13. 1869. The 
recent improvements in this cemetery show much good taste and the place 
is robbed of much of the gloom that usually characterizes such places. 

There were possibly two other family burying grounds here at a verv 
early date, in which a few of the pioneer citizens were buried. The records 
of the present-day cemeteries, both Catholic and Protestant, are kept in ex- 


cellent shape, so that, years hence, names, (kites anrl loeati<>ns of Lodies can 
readily be ascertained, as well as the birth and death dates and the disease 
of which the departed died. 


From August 31 to Se[)tenil)er 6, 1908, occurred the great hume-com- 
ing centennial celel^ration at Brc^^kville, the city then having reached its hun- 
dredth year's history. The opening day was announced in the afternoon 
hours by the shrill blowing of whistles and clanging of many bells. The 
week was full of interesting programs, including "Governor's Day," 
"Woman's Da}-," "Reminiscence T)ay." "I'armer's Day," and "Centennial 
Services" at the Methodist Episcopal church, on the Sabbath. There was a 
large attendance from all i)arts of the county and other far distant states, 
including si)eakers as follows: Hons. J. Frank Hanly, Thomas R. Marshall, 
John W. Kern, S. \V. Haynes, candidate for governor on the Prohibition 
ticket, and many others of less renown. 

This was a week long to be remembered by the citizens present, and 
their children and children's children will read of the occasion with interest 
and delight. 


Shortly after twehe o'clock, Friday night. September 14. 1901, the 
bells of Brookville commenced tolling, in consefjuence of the in- 
telligence having been received that President William McKinley had 
died at r)ufTalo, New York, as a result of the shots fired at him by his 
dastardly assassin. Early the next day Hags were displayed at half mast, 
many of them heavily draped in black crepe. The most of the business 
houses in town were closed and all seemed at a standstill. Handbills were 
printed and freely circulated Saturday morning, announcing a joint 
memorial service at the ^tlethodist Episcopal church, Sunday evening. The 
church was full to overflowing, many not gaining an entrance. Short, 
pathetic addresses were made by Messrs. J. C. Carnes, F. S. Swift, C. F. 
Jones, J. B. Kidney, Ed. O'Hair and Alexander McMillan. 


Up to 1898, the greatest flood at Brookville and the White Water valley 
in general, was the one of March 22, that year, .\fter many days of hard 
raining, the climax came on- that night, when bells rang out loudly and the 


Steam whistles blew witli a very alarmiiifj sound. The citizens were soon 
out to sec what was wroni:; at the river. The mad waters of the East fork 
were raging in fearful Inrrcnts in tlic valley section of the town. Fifty 
families were ohli,t,a*d to abandon their homes and seek safety on higher 
lands among their friends. Rescues were effected by means of l>oats, wagons, 
buggies and on horseback. The only available lights were those from 
flickering lanterns, from one in the morning till daylight. The west end of 
Whitcomb bridge was weakened, letting it down to the water's edge. The 
next day many came as sight-seercrs from the surrounding country. The 
Brookville canning factory was destroyed by this flood. The Standard Oil 
Company's tanks were floated from off their foundations and swept some 
distance. The public schools were dismissed, on account of the great excite- 
ment and disorder in the town — all wanting to see the flooded districts. 
There were two men drowned, Philip Schuh and Bert Osgood. 


The flood of March 25, 1913, was the greatest in volume of water, de- 
struction of property and loss of life, of any that has ever visited this part 
of the White Water valley. Hundreds of thousands of dollars' worth of 
property was destroyed and fifteen lives lost. Six hundred people in Brook- 
ville were rendered homeless and scores of dwellings swept away and torn 
to pieces. This flood was the result of many days' rain, and every rivulet 
and creek in the valley was a roaring torrent, which went sweeping down 
the two branches of the White Water river. The heaviest blow was sus- 
tained at Brookville, where the two streams unite. Both valleys — that of 
East fork and West fork — were submerged in many feet of water. At the 
depot and paper mills the water was fully twenty feet above the tracks. 

The earliest intimation of danger was soon after midnight on Monday 
and about tAvo o'clock A. ]\I. the scenes in Brookville were beyond description. 
The electric light plant was under water and all lights were put out, so that 
lanterns had to be brought into use by the hundreds of people who had been 
startled by the shrill steam whistles and the clanging of church bells. People 
in the flats were warned and as fast as possible conveyed to safe places, while 
their property was swept away and lost forever. When daylight came the 
scene was one of desolation. The only land to be seen in all the valley part 
of town was a narrow strip from the Christian church to the old bank build- 
ing. Men and w^omen were seen perched on house-tops, waving distress 
signals from windows and clinging to wreckage. 


The water continued to ri.^e until it reached its chmax on Tuesday 
morning at nine o'clock, when it reached a point ten feet higher than any 
previous flood record. 

The work of rescue went forward all day under a heavy down-pour of 
rain, and some had not been rescued when nightfall came on. A relief 
committee was appointed and went to work at once. A kitchen was set 
up in the basement of the town hall, where food was served. 

Reports soon came in and confirmed what had been rumored earlier — 
that the greatest loss to property in the county was its bridges. The railroad 
bridges at Laurel and Brookville, the one over Salt creek, the one over Duck 
creek, at Metamora, the paper mill bridge at Brookville, the old Stringer 
Ford bridge, the "Old White bridge," and the new concrete bridge. Also 
the bridge at Xew Trenton, and those over the White Water and Big Cedar 
rivers in the southern portion of the county were swept from their abutments. 

After the flood had gone down and the survey could be carefully made, 
it was found the loss to be much greater than at first believed. The loss 
sustained by the railroad company, the paper mills and other local factories 
and mills in Brookville was great. The farmers in the county also came in 
for their share of loss, in way of washed-away fences, barns, outbuildings, 
grain, hay and stock. 

The list of dead and missing was as follows : John A. Fries. Mrs. J. A. 
Fries, John Fries, Jr., Paul Fries. ^Margaret Fries. Hedwig Seiwert, 
Mrs. Margaret Bunz, 'Sirs. Sophia Buckingham, Isaac Osgood, Mrs. Margaret 
Fries, Alargaret Colebank, ];Irs. Elizabeth Seiwert, John Stearns, John 
Schuster, John Houston (Xew Trenton). 

This was the county's greatest calamity. The many homes broken up, 
the furniture, clothing, money and rare keepsakes of so many scores of 
families dwelling on the lower portions of Brookville were all swept away 
and the pretty gardens and comfortable homes of a happy, contented populous 
section, in one short night were ruined and the hearts of the men and women 
to whom they belonged were all but broken. Now. after two years, the 
traces of this awful flood are still to be seen. 

Perhaps the saddest incident connected with this flood was the drown- 
ing of the entire John A. Fries family and the inmates of Mr. Fries' mother's 
home, which stood close by her son's, both being in Stavetown. on the flats 
to the south of the town. This is the old brick and tile district, where for 
so many years these families had lived in two old land-marks, both of which 
were swept away. The hours at which these houses were washed awav is 
not known, but sometime after midnight. In these two homes all eight of 


the occupants were drowned, including nicniljcrs of three ^fenerations — the 
grandmother, eighty years old, the son, and the granddaughter, Margaret, a 
prattling babe of six months. The funerals were held at St. Michael's Cath- 
olic church on M(jnday following the tlfjod. All business places were closed 
during this sad ceremony. I'our hearses conveyed the remains to the Cath- 
olic cemetery. The body of grandmother Furies was never immd. 

The report of the relief committee shows the following facts: The 
Hood of March 25, 1913, affected residences in the town of lirookville which 
furnislied homes for eight hundred and seventy people, or two-fifths of all 
in the town. Fifteen lives were lost, all bodies but one being recovered. 
Eleven residences were washed away or totally wrecked. Twenty-four other 
residences were badly damaged. A large number of outbuildings, hen 
houses, barns, storage houses, smoke-houses, etc., were washed away or totally 
ruined. Ninety-eight of such Ijuildings were subsequently restored to their 
original places and repaired. 

The state of Indiana, under Governor Ralston, gave assistance in the 
amount of five thousand dollars in cash and five hundred dollars in supplies 
sent. The relief committee in their report, which is published in a beautiful 
booklet form, profusely illustrated, gives due credit to many of the noble 
citizens who ' rendered personal service in rescuing the lives of their neigh- 
bors, special mention being made (jf I. X. McCarty, Charles F. Winscott, 
Dr. C. E. Case. Aloysius Seibel. Harry Chambers, Joseph Strunk, Thomas 
Feltz, and Jacob Helmer, who all risketl their lives and by their skilful 
manipulation of the boats which were hastily constructed for their use, 
effected the rescue of those marooned in their homes. Father Schaff and 
Rev. F. L. Priest, with scores of others, are specially named. There was a 
total of $39,906.16 subscribed and paid through the relief committee. Of 
this large amount. $19,550 was furnished by the .American Red Cross 
Society; $5,500 by the Indiana relief fund; eight $500 donations were given; 
seventeen hundred-dollar subscriptions : and others ranging from one hun- 
dred down to one dollar. This is a record of which the state, county and 
Brookville should be proud. 


This company was organized }k[arch 16, 1900, with the following officers: 
John S ]\{artin. president : Clem Conn, vice-president : John C. Shirk, secre- 
tary-treasurer. These officials, with the addition of L. J. Wilson. \\'. J. 
Templeton, S. S. Harrell and Edward Goff, constituted the first board of 


dircct(jrs. The same ofhcials have hecn re-elected annually for the past 
fifteen years. Three of the other directors, L. J. Wilson, S. S. Harrcll, and 
Edward Goff. are deceased, their places being now held by M. P. Huljljard, 
William .Simonson and I. W. Whitney. 

It was decided to issue no j)olicies until one hundred thousand dollars 
worth of stock had been subscribed, and when this was done, September 8, 
1900, the first policy in the new company was written. The company was 
incorporated as a mutual fire insurance company to do business within 
Franklin, Fayette and Union counties. The object in taking in adjoining 
counties was to accomodate farmers who might hold property in more than 
one county. 

The remarkable success of the company is shown by the fact that it now 
has over $3,500,000 in fire and cyclone policies. At the annual meeting in 
September, 1914, there were reported fire policies to the amount of $2,989,221 
and cyclone policies to the amount of $596,261. In 1914 the company paid 
$6,081.45 fire losses and $137.54 cyclone losses. At that time there were 
3,826 fire policies and 519 cyclone policies in force. Undoubterlly the suc- 
cess of the company has been due to the low rate which it has been able to 
maintain, which, in 1914, was $1.50 a thousand on fire policies and ten cents 
a thousand on cyclone policies. It is safe to say that a large percentage of all 
the insurance carried on the property of farmers of the county is held by 
one of the local companies, with the Franklin County Farmers Insur- 
ance Company handling by far the largest amount of business. 



The history of court procedure in Indiana shows that there have been 
marked changes in court practice from the territorial days down to the pres- 
ent time. There were no less than three kinds of courts from 1S05 to 1816 
and the complexity of the legal machinery in those early days was astonishing 
when it is taken into consideration that so many of the early lawyers had a 
very limited knowledge of their profession. In the early history of the state 
the old lawyers delighted in using long Latin expressions and the more 
cumbersome phraseology tliey could in\ent the better they seemed to be 
pleased. In fact, there were so many Latin phrases that the Legislature 
ordered the revised statutes of 1828 to have a glossary at the end explaining 
them. In this Latin dictionary the embryo lawyer could find out what 
"qiiare daiisum frcget" meant, as well as simple classical expressions like 
"jury de meietate lingua." 

When Franklin county began its independent career in the spring of 
181 1 it had three courts to take care of its business. A county court, a com- 
mon pleas court, or nisi prius (oyer and terminer), as it was called, and a cir- 
cuit court. In addition there were a multiplicity of justice of the peace courts. 
The county court was composed of the associate judges, the auditor and 
sherifif. and performed practically the same functions as the commissioners' 
court of today. It went out of existence when the state was admitted to 
the Union in 18 16. 


The first county court in Franklin county met on February 18, iSil, 
withi Benjamin McCarty, John Templeton and Thomas Brown present:! 
These men were judges also of the common pleas court. It should be ex- 
plained here that these same judges really composed both the countv court 
and the common pleas court, being known as a county court when transacting 
such business as is now in the hands of the county commissioners. As a 
county court they fixed th^ tax levy, created townships, laid out roads, or 


"cartways" as they called tlieiii, issued tavern licenses, appointed road super- 
visors, fence viewers, listers, overseers of the poor, election officials, pound 
keepers and all other appointive officers. They also were empowered to 
establish the prices which the tavern keeper could charge. For instance, the 
county court issued a schedule of prices for tavern keepers which allowed 
them to charge only twenty-five cents for a meal, twelve and a half cents for 
a half pint of whiskey or brandy, a similar amount for a quart of cider, a 
quart of beer, a pint of wine, a gallon of corn or gallon of oats. The tavern 
keeper was allowed to charge only six and a fourth cents for lodging. This 
schedule of prices was set forth in the county court record of 181 1, and is 
ample proof that the high cost of living did not worry the people of that day. 
It is safe to say that more than half of the volumes containing the records 
of the county court are taken up with petitions for "cartways through the 
plantations" of the settlers of the county. The use of the word "plantation" 
is indicative of the southern origin of the settlers. The last session of the 
county court was held February 5, 181 7, and was recorded in book D, page 
146. The associate judges at that time were John Whitworth and William 
H. Eads. 


The constitution of 1816 provided for three commissioners for each 
county, the same to take charge of the business which had heretofore been 
performed by the county court. The first meeting of the commissioners of 
Franklin county under the Constitution of 1816 was held in Brookville on 
Monday, February 10, 1817, with Samuel Rockafellar and Enoch D. John 
present as commissioners. James Wilson, the other commissioner, appeared 
first at the May, 181 7, meeting of the board. 

The county commissioners continued the work formerly done by the 
county court until August 9. 1S24. The Legislature of 1824 made a radical 
change in the method of conducting the affairs of the counties. By this new- 
act the office of county commissioner was abolished and the affairs of the 
county entrusted to a board of justices. By this provision the board of 
justices for Franklin county, which first met September 6, 1824. including 
no less than se\ enteen men : Henry Jeiikinson, James A. Lowes, Sanford 
Keeler, John Allen, James McKnight. John Fo.ster. Samuel Murphy. Jacob 
P. Ervin, Joseph S. Allen, Daniel Ogden, Solomon Allen. William Sims, 
Urban Edgerton, John Davidson, John Reid, Thomas Flint and Bradbur\' 
Cottrel. These seventeen pien performed the same duties as three m^n ha^ 


previously done and continued to do xj until May 8, 1827. The minutes of 
the meetings of the hoard (jf justices are ffuind in Ijook G. pages I-85. 

The Legislature of 1826-27 abolished the hoard of justices and restored 
the office of county commissi(jner. The first session of the new hoard of 
commissioners met in Dr(j(jk\ille Xovemher 5, 1827, and since that year the 
county affairs have been handled Ijy a board of three commissioners. The 
three commissioners who met at this time were James Webb, George Sutton 
and John Foster. 


The first court of common pleas assembled at Brook\ille on March 4. 
1811, and was in charge of Judges Benjamin McCarty, John Tenipleton and 
Thomas Brown. The clerk, Enoch McCarty. and sheriff. Robert Hanna. 
were also memliers of the court. The grand jury was sworn in, composed 
of the following freeholders: John Brown (foreman). William Logan. John 
Livingston, John Hanna, Robert Templcton, David Bell, Thomas Clark, 
Conrad Sailor, Solomon Tyncr, Stephen Martin. Britton Gant. James Win- 
chell, William Nicholas, James Xicliolas. William Dubois, John Allen, John 
Milholland, John Thompson, Jacob Sailors. Allen Ramsey, John Lefforge, 
Joshua Porter and Robert Glidewell. This grand jury returned onlv a few 
indictments. James McCoy and Fielding Jeter were indicted for retailing 
"strong water" and were fined three dollars and tvvelve dollars respectivelv. 
Samuel Henry was charged with selling cider in quantities of less than two 
gallons without license and this oversight on his part cost him twelve dollars 
and costs. This said Henry was granted a license to keep a tavern in his 
house at this same court, the privilege costing him two dollars. Tames Adair 
was also granted a tavern license upon the payment of the same sum to the 
county. Among other items of interest in the records of this first common 
pleas court may be mentioned the payment of wolf l>3unties. George Frasier 
and Peter Youngblood were allowed seventy-five cents apiece for killing 
three wolves each. Stephen Harrell was paid a dollar for killing two wolves 
imder six months, while William Harrell received the same amount for kill- 
ing two wolves of the same age. 

Five men applied for admission to the bar — Elijah Sparks, James Dill, 
James Xolile, Stephen C. Stephens and Jesse L. Holman. According to the 
law in those days, all lawyers practicing in the courts of any countv had to 
he formally admitted to the practice in that county. This does not neces- 
sarily mean that they ever had more than one case in the county. 



It has already been mentioned that there was in addition to the county 
and common pleas courts, a circuit court, which was the forerunner of our 
present state federal court. The circuit court was presided over by a judge 
appointed by the United States !^f)vernment. The first circuit court in Frank- 
lin county convened on Mondaw June 24, 18. i, and was presided over by 
Benjamin Parke, who was one of the L'nited States circuit judges for Indi- 
ana Territory. The grand jury on this occasion was composed of Patrick 
McCarty, John 'MWkr. William Crofford, Robert Swan, David Hollings- 
worth, Daniel Cunningham, John llanna. John Logan. Samuel Ely, Elliott 
Herndon, Philemon Harvey, James Putnam, John Carson, John Pergit, 
James McGinnis, Reuben Lines an<l Joseph Rippy. This grand jury re- 
turned two indictments, one against Polly Knigte for selling whiskey to the 
Indians and the other against Stephen C. Stephens for selling a tin pan to an 
Indian. Just what this latter offense was is not known, but evidently it was 
not very serious since the indictment against Stephens was (puu^hed. Polly 
pleaded not guilty and was released on bond in the sum of three dollars and 
bound over to the next term of court (June 21, 1813), when she was ac- 
quitted. This court was in session only one day. 

The courts which have been briefly mentioned were conducted by men 
of sterling integrity, if n(jt of profound legal knowledge. In the early his- 
tory of the state, and Franklin county was no exception, the associate judges 
were as liable to be farmers or tavern keepers as lawyers. Justices of the 
peace (and these custodians of the law were more prominent in the early 
history of the state than they are now) were nearly always farmers, but they 
made up in common sense what they lacked in legal knowledge. To the per- 
son who reads over the records of the courts in Franklin county there ap- 
pears to be no appreciable difference between this county and others in the 
state as far as misdemeanors and felonies are concerned. The commis- 
sioners' records show how the early settlers struggled to get their cartways : 
how they protested against high taxes; how they took care of their poor; 
what a struggle they had to get the townships organized, and finally, there 
are scores of pages which list the misdemeanors of our good forefathers. 
Hundreds of fines were assessed for fighting, drunkenness, gambling, work- 
ing on the Sabbath, dueling and prcjfanity. The fines were usually one dollar 
and costs, although there were many instances where it only cost a man fifty 
cents to whip his neighbor, the crime being listed in the records as "salt and 




The following list of lawyers is arranged in the order of their admission 
to the Franklin county bar, and contains many of the most noted lawyers of 
our state. In this list may be seen United States senators, congressmen, 
governors, state senators and representatives, members of the supreme court 
of our state, ministers to foreign countries and scores of lawyers whose 
names were once known throughout the state. The dates are taken from the 
court records and indicate when admission to the local bar was granted. 

Elijah Sparks, March 4, 181 1. 
James Noble, March 4, iSii. 
James Dill. March 4, 1811. 
Jesse L. Holman, March 5, 181 1. 
John Test. April 13, 1S12. 
Isaac Blackford, May 10, 1S13. 
William Hendricks, Nov. 8, 181 3. 
John Lawrence, ^May 16, 18 14. 
Amos Lane. Oct. 10, 1814. 
Pinckney Janes. Oct. 10. 1814. 
James McKinney, !vlarch 15. 181 5. 
Miles C. Eggleston, March 3, 181 7. 
Hezekiah B. Hill, March 3, 1S17. 
Stephen C. Stevens, March 3, 1817. 
Daniel J. Caswell, Nov. 20, 1818. 
William R. ^.lorris, Nov. 20, 1818. 
Daniel Drew, Nov. 20, 1818. 
Isaac S. Brower. Feb. 12. 1819. 
William \V. Wick, Feb. 12, 1819. 
Isaac ]M. Johnson, ]\Iay 17, 1S19. 
Richard S. Wheatley, March 15, 1820. 
Charles H. Test. Aug. 17. 1822. 
Thojuas J. Langdon, ]\Iarch IQ. 1827. 
N. G. Howard. March 19. 1827. 
Charles Fox, Sept. 18, 1827. 
Septinnis Smith, Sept. 18, 1827. 
John S. Newman, Sept. 15. 1828. 
Stephen S. ?Iarding, Sept. 18, 1828. 
Benjamin S. Noble, March 2^, 1830. 

Henry Bigger, March 24, 1830. 
John M. Johnston, March 17, 1829. 
John Test, Jr., March 17, 1829. 
Philip Sweetzer, 2vlarch 23, 1S30. 
Samuel W. Parker, April 11, 1832. 
William M. McCarty, April 9, 1833. 
James B. Haile, April 9, 1833. 
Daniel S. Major, April 18, 1833. 
John A. ISIatsou, Oct. 8, 1832. 
John Ryman, Oct. 8, 1832. 
George Holland, Oct. 8, 1832. 
Andrew Davison, Oct. 14, 1833. 
John Hutchens, Oct. 14, 1833. 
William Dailey, Oct. 14, 1833. 
James T. Brown, April 15, 1834. 
Philip S. Spooner, April 15, 1834. 
Courtland C. Cushing, April 15, 1834. 
Abram A. Hammond, April 13, 1835 
John McPike, April 13. 1S35. 
Hugh B. Eggleston, Aug. 5. 1837. 
John Dumont, Feb. 19. 1S38. 
P. A. Hackleman. Feb. 19, 1838. 
juhn D. Howland, Aug. 8. 1842. 
James B. Sleeth. Aug. 8. 1842. 
John H. Farquhar. Aug. 8, 1842. 
John Yaryan, March 10. 1846. 
Daniel D. Jones, Aug. 26, 1847. 
Hadley D. Johnson, Feb. 9. 1S48. 
John T. McCarty, Feb. 9, 1848. . 



Edgar Hayniond, Aug. 29, 1849. 

James Gavin, Jr., Aug. 24, 1850. 

Wilson Morrow, 1853. 

Alfred Ward, 1853. 

James R. McClure, 1853. 

Henry C. Hanna. 

Cyrus Kilgorc, 1853. 

N. M. Crookshank, 1853. 

Joseph Brady, 1853. 

Henry Berry, Jr., 1853. 

Fielding Berry, 1859. 

S. S. Harrel, i860. 

W. H. Bracken, 1861. 

John F. McKee, 1867. 

Thomas Smith, 1873. 

McMahon, 1873. 

David W. -McKee. 1873. 
F. M. Alexander, 1877. 
Edwin W. High, 1877. 
Charles F. Jones, 1879. 
D. Allison, 1879 or 1880. 
Isaac Carter, 1881. 
Edgar O'Hair, 18S1. 
George F. O' Byrne, 1882. 

Emmett R. Wilson, Sept. 27, 1890. 
Joseph F. Bickel, Dec. 3, 1892. 
Orrin E. Walker, Sept. 7. 1893. 
Arthur H. Jones, May 4, 1S94. 
William F. Flack, Sept. 24, 1894. 
Frank M. Smith, 1896. 
Milford P. Hubbard, Dec. 4, 1897. 
Andrew J. Ross, April 30, 1838. 
Marshall R. Alexander, May 2, 1898. 
Murat W. Hopkins, Nov. 22, 1900. 
George E. Mullin, Sept. 9, 1901. 
Howard M. Gordon, Sept. 9, 1901. 
George R. Foster. ;May 8, 1903. 
I. N. McCarty, 1904. 
Ben Winans, Jr., Feb. 5, 1906. 
Charles P. Fant, Nov. 30, 1908. 
Edward Stenger, Feb. i, 1909. 
Will A. Younts, May 8, 19 12. 
Louis A. Jonas, ]\Iay 8, 19 12. 
Albert J. Peine. Oct. 2, 1914. 
J. B. Kidney. 
George Haman. 
John Brockman. • 



The follow ini; is as near a coniijlcte list oi the various officers who have 
served in I'rankliii county since its organization as can now be obtained from 
the records of each office : 


Hiram Carniichael, from August, r.S4r. to 1850; Andrew R. McCleerv, 
1850-57; John H. Om'ck, 1857-^)4; C. P.. Hentley, 1864-71; George Berry, 
1871-80; John r. Schlitz, 1880-SS; ilcnry Scllmeyer, 1888-96; George Ray 
King, 1896-04; Charles .\. .Miller, i904-[_'; Charles G. Reifel, 1912 and 
holds until January i, 19JO. 


Robert Templeton, 1820-1827; \Y. M. AlcCleery, 1827-1841; Elisha 
Long, August. 1841-2; Theodcjre Pnrsel, 1842-50; B. H. Burton, 1850-5.3; 
William Robeson, 1853-55; ^- ^^- Swift, 1855-57; William Robeson. 1857- 
61; Michael Batzner, 1861-62; B. H. West, 18G2-67; J. B. Mooreman. 18G7- 
72 ; Casper Fogel, 1872-76; George F. Maxwell, 1876-80; A. J. Heasom, 
1880-84; William ^I. ^IcCleery, 1884-88; Anthony Bender, 1888-92: Rol)crt 
D. Templeton. 1892-96; John W. Brockman. 1896-1900; F. J. Burkhart, 
1900-04; William D. Moore, 1904-08; William M. McCarty, 1908-12; Frank 
J. Geis, 1912 and serves until January i, 191 7. 


Enoch ^NlcCarty was clerk and recorder (both offices being held bv the 
same person up to the adoption of the state constitution, 1817). serving as 
such from 181 1 to 1817 and then as clerk until 1831 ; Robert John. 1831-45, 
or fourteen years; John M. J<Minston. 1845-6x5, fifteen years; Henrv Berry, 
Jr., 1860-68, eight years; Samuel S. Harrell, 1868-76. eight years; Ferdinand 
S. Swift, 1876-80, four years; William H. Bracken, 18S0-88, eight vears : 


James B. Kidney. i888-</), eight years; Ricliard S. Taylor. 1896-1904, eic^ht 
years; Louis A. Jones, 1904-12, eight years; Will M. Baker, February 14. 
1912, and serves until January f. 1920. 


Robert Ilanna, 1811-20; Xoah .Voble. 1823-24; Ifenry Jenkinson. a 
part of 1825; Robert John, 1825-27; John Roop, 1831-32; Daniel St. John, 
1832-36; Thomas Fursell, 1836-40; Jeremiah O. St. John, 1840-44; William 
Robeson, 1845-49; O. B. BartUnv, 1850-56; M. Batzner, 1856-58; W. .\. J. 
Glidewell, 1858-62; J. B. Moorman, 1862-67; Joseph L. Case. 1868-69; John 
W. Seal, 1869-73; John L. Case, 1873-76; George B. Winscott. 1876-80; 
William W. Williams, 1880-84; Jacob Gerber, 1884-88; William J. Zach- 
arias, 18S8-92; John Roemer, 1892-96; Frank Moorman. 1896- 1900; 
Joseph F. Dudley, 1900-04; H. E. Stinger, 1904-08; I-. W. Baker, 190S-12; 
Robert H. Cook, 191 2-16. 


Enoch McCarty served both as recorder and clerk from iSii to 1817, 
when the state constitution divided the two ofiices ; B. F. Morris. 1817-20; 
A'ViUiam M. Wade. 1820-24; John Adair, 1824-31; John Hedley. 1831-33; 
George Holland, appointed for 1833; G. W. Kimble. 1834-46; Joseph A. 
Miller. 1846-51; John West. 1851-53; Redin Osborn, 1853-61; George F. 
Maxwell, 1861-69; F. A. Bauman. 1869-77; William Kerr. 1877-85; Louis 
Federman, Jr., 1S85-93; FI. E. Balsley. 1893-01; Ed Stenger. 1901-09; 
Atwell J. Shriner, 1909-13; John E. Enneking. 1913 and still serving. 


The county government was in the hands of the county court from 
February 18, 181 1, to February 5, 1S17. A board of three county com- 
missioners, which was the same as at present, was in charge from February 
10, 181 7, to August 19, 1S24. This was chang-ed to a board of county justices, 
which met for the first tiiiy: September 6. 1824. The board of justices held 
their last session Alay 8. 1827, and were superseded by three county com- 
missioners who met November 5. 1827. There has been no change since 
1827. Beginning with the board of county ccfmmissioners February 5, 
1817, the commissioners were as follows (this record is as complete as the 
records show) : 


1817 — Samuel Rockafcllar, Enoch D. Johns, James Wilson. 

1818 (fore part of vearj — E. D. John, i\llen Crisler, .Samuel R'Xka- 

1818 (later part of ycarj — Samuel Rockafcllar, John Scott, Philip 

1819 — Samuel Rockafcllar, John Scott, Ed Brush. 

1820 — Samuel Rockafcllar, John Scott, Ed Brush. 

1820 (Novemberj — Ed Brush. Samuel Shirk, James A. Piatt. 

182 1 — Ed Brush, John Quick, John Davis. 

1822 — Same as in 1821. 

1822-24 — John Quick. John Davis. Andrew S. Babbitt. 

From September 6, 1824, ttj May 8. 1827, the board of justices had 
charge of the affairs of the government of the county. In September, 1824, 
the board consisted of tlie following: Henry Jenkinson (president), James 
A. Lowez, San ford Keeler, John Allen. James ^IcKnight, John Foster, 
Samuel Murphy, Jacob P. Ervin. Joseph Allen, Daniel Ogden, Solomon 
Allen, William Sims. Urban Edgerton, John Davidson, John Reid, Thomas 
Flint and Bradbury Cottrel. 

1825 — Henry Jenkins (president), James Samuels, Sanford Keeler, 
Daniel Ogden, Henry Berry. James ]\IcKnight, John Reid, Samuel Murphy, 
Jacob P. Ervin, Judah Leaming, John Foster, William Sims, Joseph S. 
Allen, Bradbury Cottrel. Samuel Rockafcllar. 

1826 — John Foster (president), Solomon Allen. James McKnight, Dan- 
iel Ogden, Judah Leaming, Henry Jenkins, Henry Berry, Charles Marlow, J. 
T. Ervin, Samuel Murphy, Sanford Keeler, Thomas Flint. 

From this date on, practically, the same system of county commissioners 
as now obtains has been in vogue in the county. Owing to loss of records, 
the commissioners for the years from 1827 to 1831 cannot be given in com- 
plete form, but it is known that among such commissioners were John Foster, 
James Webb and George Sutton, who comprised the first hoard after that 
date. Then followed, as by years indicated, the following: 

1S28 — George Sutton. 

1 83 1 to 1840 — Samuel Shirk. 

1831-32 — David Price. 

1 83 1 — James Webb. George Sutton. Samuel Shirk. 

1832 — Samuel Shirk, David Price. James Webb. 

1834- — W. T. Becks. James Webb. .Samuel Shirk. 

1835-6 — Samuel Shirk. James ^^''cbb. W. T. Beeks. 

1837 — James Webb. Samuel Shirk, M. Roop. 

1838 — Samuel Shirk. Robert Templeton, Jr., James Webb. 


839 — Samuel Shirk, Robert Templeton, Jr., Thomas Flint. 
840 — Robert Templeton, Thoma.s Flint, F. Barber. 
841-2 — E. Barber, Roljert Templeton, E. Abrahams. 
844 — E. Abrahams,* E. Barber, Amos D. Martin. 
845 — E. Barber, Amos D. Martin, Joseph Price. 
846 — Amos D. ]Martin, Joseph Price, John P. Brady. 
847 — John P. Brady. Reuben Cooley, Joseph Price. 
848 — Cyrus Quick, Joseph I'ricc, Levi Ayers. 
850-53 — Levi Ayers, Joseph Quick, J. H. Farrott. 
855 — Elmer Hiatt. Cyrus (Juick. J. H. Farrot. 
856 — ^J. H. Farrot, Elmer Lliatt, Simpson Calfee. 
858 — Israel Guble, Elmer Hiatt, Robert Stoops. 
861 — Robert Stoops, Lsrael Gcjble. Jolin Bertenho\-er. 
862 — Robert Stoops, ^L W. Moore, John Bertenhover. 
864 — D. H. Gavin, John Bertenhover, ^L W. Moore. 
867— D. H. Gavin, M. \V. Aloore. X. Bath. 
868— r^L W. Moore, X. Bath, William Robeson. 
869-71 — William Robeson, X. Bath. Charles Hubbard. 
871— X. Bath, Charles Hubl^ard, J. T. ^leyncke. 
872 — Samuel Patterson, J. T. ATeynckc, X'. Bath. 
873 — J. T. jMeyncke, Samuel Patterson. Edward Goff. 
875 — J. T. Meyncke, Edward Goff, .\. Pepper. 
877 — Edward Goff, A. Pepper, Levi W. Buckingliam. 
879 — Levi Buckingham, A. Pepper, Thomas Appleton. 
880 — Levi W. Buckingham, Thomas Appleton. Edward \\'aechter. 
882 — Thomas Appleton, Ed \\'aechter, Francis Kuelm. 
883 — Thomas Appleton. Alfred Deter. Francis Kuehn. 
886 — Alfred Deter, Francis Kuehn, John Dickson. 
888 — Alfred Deter, Abraham Bossert, J. M. Vawter. 
890 — Abraham Bossert. J. W. Vawter. Joseph Ortman. 
894 — Joseph Ortman. John J. Conrad, Conrad Strasberger. 
896 — John Conrad. Conrad Strasberger. Thomas Brown. 
901 — Thomas Brown. Joseph Firsich. Jacob Bossert. 
902 — Joseph Firsich. Jacob PL Bossert. Louis W. Koerner. 
903 — Jacob Bossert, Louis Koerner, Joseph Firsich. 
904 — ^Jacob Bossert, Louis Koerner, Joseph Firsich. 
905 — Jacob Bossert, Louis Koerner, Joseph Firsich. 
906 — Jacob Bossert, Louis Koerner, Joseph Firsich. 


IQ07 — Louis Koerncr. Lewis J. Brown, William Bohlander. 
ic,o8— Lewis J. Brown. William Bohlander, John C. Huermann. 
ic)09 — William Bohlander. Lewis J. Brown, John C. Huermann. 
igio — William Bohlander. Lewis J. Brown. John C. Huermann. 
lc>ii_\VilHam Bohlander. Lewis J. Brown, Jf.hii C. Huermann. 
1912— William Bohlander, Lewis J. Bnnvn. John C. Huermann. 
191 3 — John C. Huermann. Terry Aj^pleton. Jonathan Fruits. 
igi4 — Perry Appleton. Jonathan Fruits. Clifford Jones. 
1915 — Perry ;\ppleton, Jonathan Fruits, Clifford Jones. 
IQ16 — Perry Appleton, Herman Walther, Clifford Jones. 

It is interesting- to note that Herman Walther, wlio was electerl county 
commissioner in the fall of 19 14. is the first Republican ever elected to a 
county office in Franklin county, . 

CORONERS. ..- " 

The only record of the list of coroners in Franklin ct)unty is given 
for the following years: Flenry Jenkins, 1S17; James Blacklidge, 1825; 
J. H. Bowlby, 1852; Michael Batzncr, 1S58; Joseph E. Miller, 1S59; -V W. 
Andre, 1866; James Marlatt, 1862; George W. Specr. 1873-76; Robert K. 
Mcintosh, 1876; James S. Russell. 1880; George E. Squier. 1882-90: George 
F. Buckingham, 1890-96; G. H. Bogart, 1896-1900; J. C. Clawson, 1908-12; 
F. E. Seal, 1912-16. " . . 

SURVEYORS. . . _ . . . . , 

The following, elected or appointed, have served as surveyors of land 
within this county, as appears by the incomplete record of field notes now in 
possession of the county surveyor. The first name appearing on these early 
field notes is that of John Dunlap in 1820. The record then has the follow- 
ing in almost a complete chain to the present : James M. Clements seems to 
have been surveyor from 1831 to 1S37: W. W. Carson. 1837- 1845; James 
W. Clements. 1845-1848: John Wynn, 1848-1852: R. R. Spencer, 1852- 
1854; Fielding Berry, from the latter part of 1854 for one year, and s uc- 
ceeded^by W. H. Flubbard in 1855. who served till 1857. when he was suc- 
ceeded by Fielding Berry, andjie in 1858 again by \V. H. Hubbard, who 
served up to 1S60. when came Fielding F.erry again, serving until i86i. and 
was followed by G. E. Glidewell. From that year the surveyors have been 
as follows: H. Younts, 1864-1867; M. R. Shields, 1867-1871 : G. E. Glide- 
Well, 1871-1875; T. A. Flardman, 1875-1877; George W. Klipple, 1877- 


1880; William H. Younts. 1880-188S: William r;iide\vell. 1888-1890; T. W. 
Lawrence, 1890-1902; W. H. Younts, 1902-1908; Frank R. Harder, 1908 
to present time. 


Owitig to the absence of any reorfls on various officials, only the fol- 
lowing partial list can be given of the subjoined officials of the county. 

■"■ • • '■'. POUND KEEI'EKS. - ' %. 

;: Pound keeper was an office that did not continue to a very late period 
in the C(junty's history, and among such officers are found a record of Benja- 
min S. Ogden, a[)pointed January 3, 1826; Xathaniel Hammond, appointed 
for 1833; Elijah Barwick, 1S35. and Hugh Carmichael, a year later. 


The only name appearing of record for this position is that of John 
Ward, in 1821. 


The sheriff usually filled this office. The list is not complete. Robert 
E. Hanna, 1820-21: Xoah Xoble, 1823; Robert John. i8'25 to 1828. inclu- 
sive; John Roop, 1S29 to end of 1831 ; Daniel St. John, 1833-34: James 
Blacklidge, 1835; Daniel St. John. 1837; Thomas Pursel, 1837 to 1840, 
inclusive; George Flint, appointed May 8, 1840, served in 1840-41. 


Up to about i8j8 the office of county assessor was known as lister. 
Those serving under the official title of lister in this county were: James 
McKinney, appointed January 30, 181 5, and again in September of that 
year; James Raridon, appointed January 3, 1816; Urban Edgerton, 1820-21 ; 
NToSh Noble, 1824. 

The first assessors seems to have been Robert John, appointed January 
9, 1828, then followed: George Holland, appointed tor 1833; Timothy B. 
Scobey, i83(>; James Rosebrough. 1838: Hiram H. Butler, 1842-3-4. 

The office of county assessor was provided by statute in 1801 and the 
first offi.cer of Franklin countv under this act was elected in the same vear. 


The list of assessors since that time is as follows: John T. Shiltz, 1891-99; 
John C. Ellis, 1899-07: John C. Morin, 1907-15; Albert X. Logan. 1915. 


The following judges have presided over the circuit courts of Franklin 
county since the September term in 181 8, when Hon. John Test presided, 
with Associate Judges John llaniia and John Jacobs. The office of associate 
judge was abolished about 1857. Hon. John Watts served in 1819; Miles 
E. Eggleston, from 1819 to 1847; George H. Duim, from 1847 to 1S50; 
William M. McCarty, 1850 to 1854; Reuben D. Logan, 1854 to 1865; John 
M. Wilson, 1865 to 1869; Robert M. Lamb, 1869 to 1870: Henry C. Hanna, 
1870 to 1881 ; Ferdinand S. Swift, 1881 to 1905; George L. Gray, 1905 to 
the present time. 


Miles C. Eggleston, 1818-1821 : John Test. 1821-1825; Oliver H. Smith, 
1825-33; John Test. 1833-34: Courtland Cnshing, 1834-1838; John Dumont, 
1838-47; John H. Shirk. 1847; William M. McCarty. 1847-49; Daniel D. 
Jones, 1849-54; Oscar B. Horde, 1854; William T'atterson. 1855-59: Henry 
C. Hanna, 1859-61; Milton L Cullum, 1861-63; S. S. Harrell, 1863-65; 
Creighton Dudley, 1S65-67: Kendall ^1. Ford, 1867-69; Piatt Wicks. 1869- 
70; William W. Tilley, 1870-71; George B. Brumbloy, 1871-73; Bartemus 
Burk, 1873-76: S. E. Urmstom, 1876-1882; Leland H. Stanford. 18S2-S6; 
Lewis ]\L Develing, 1886-90: George W. Pigman. 1890-94; George L. Gray, 
1894-96; Frank yi. .Smith. 1896-98: George L. Gray. 1898-1902: Frank E. 
Nevin, 1902-04; Robert G. Barnhart, 1904-0S; Allen Wiles, 1908-10; F. 'M. 
Edwards, 19 10-16. 



One of the most difficult problems which confronted the early settlers 
of Franklin county was the question oi transportation. When it is recalled 
that as early as 1814 there were ni<jre than seven thousand people in the 
county, it will be seen that tliere must liave i)een a great demand for roads, 
and the early commissioners' records devote more than half of their minute 
records to this question of highways, or "cartways," as they called them. 
The frequent use of the word "trace" betrays the southern birth of the early 
settlers. Scores of roads in the county mention the Whetzel, Carolina and 
Balinger traces, either as crossing or branching off from one of them. 

The rough character of the land, together with the heavy forests, made 
the building of highways not only difticult, but also very expensive as well. 
The first roads were little more than narrow paths cut through the woods 
and many of these were only wide enough for traveling on horseback. Each 
succeeding year saw better roads, but it was not until after the Civil War 
.that the use of crushed stone came into use as a road-making material. The 
first good roads in the county were made by incorporations of local men and 
were familiarly known as toll roads. These were in use in parts of the 
county until the latter part of the last century and it is safe to sav that this 
was the only method by which it w-ould have been possible for the people to 
get good roads. There was too little public money to keep the roads in 
repair, e\en after they were laid out, and it was only by the toll system that 
enough money could be raised to keep the roads in a passable condition. 
Today there are fine rock highways threading the county in every direction 
and each year sees more improved roads in operation. No county in the 
state has better road-making material within its limits and. with the latest 
machinery for crushing stone. Franklin county bids fair to have as fine 
roads Avithin the next few years as any county in the state. 

The county has always suffered as a result of the floods which sweep 
down the ^\'hite Water valley and the swift-tlowing streams which unite with 
it in the county. The size of White Water is such that it takes at least twentv 
thousand dollars to construct a bridge and at the time of the flood in 1913 


there were ten bridges across White Water, namely: One each at Laurel. 
Metaniora, Cedar Grove, New Trenton and I-'airficld and five at Brookville. 
The flood carried away four of the bridges at Brookville and also those at 
Cedar Grove, New Trenton anrl Metanif.ra. It also wa-^hed away the ap- 
proaches at Laurel and at Whitconib bridge near Brookville. In addition 
to these large l^ridges which were washed away, there were scores of smaller 
bridges which had to be replaced. Not only were tens of thousands of 
dollars' worth of bridges destroyed, but the highways in hundreds of places 
were practically ruined. 


The following statistics are taken from the annual report of Francis 
R. Harder, superintendent of repair and maintenance of free gravel or 
turnpike roads of Franklin county far the year 1914: 


Balance on hand January i, 1914 S 2,360.47 

Amount appropriated 12,137,50 

Automobile tax 3.265.26 

Total receipts $17,763-23 



ct No. I - $ 1.384-71 

ct No. 2 1.945-06 

Ct Xo. 3 1.916.74 

ct Xo. 4 I-847-57 

ct Xo. 5 1,909.61 

ct Xo. 6 • 1,910.61 

ct Xo. 7 1.976.82 

ct Xo. 8 1.770-75 

Total expenditures $14,661.87 

Balance on hand 3.^01.36 


The expenditures were made for the following,' purposes : 

Day lahor $3.1^2.25 

Teams and (lri\ers 5''25-22 

Tools and machinery 276.28 

Materials and suppHes 3''95-^7 

Superintendent's salary 662.40 

Salary of assistant superintendent.-, 2,220.05 

The numljer of assistant superintendents is 8. 

The number of miles of free gravel roads in the county is I78><, as 
follows: Gravel road, 130; stone or macadam, 48 >4. 

The average cost of maintenance per mile for the year 1914 was S82.13. 

There are 4.6 miles of new road under construction, and it is estimated 
that 3.27 miles will be constructed in 191 5. 

The rate levied for pike road repairs is 15 cents on the $100 valuation. 


Owing to the fact that the roads leading from Franklin county to the 
Ohio river were in such poor condition in the early history of the county, 
the enterprising merchants early conceived the idea of utilizing the White 
Water river as a means of getting their produce to market. They would 
save what could be transported by water safely until the spring freshets and 
then construct as large rafts as the river could accommodate. On these rude 
rafts would be stored barrels of pork, whiskey, flour, furs, etc. Frequently 
the produce was taken direct from Brookville to New Orleans without mak- 
ing a change. The raft, which was always constructed out of as good 
timber as could be obtained, was sold for lumber after the cargo was disposed 
of. Flat-boating continued intermittently until the canal was opened in 1839. 

As early as 1822 a large amount of produce was flat-boated down the 
White Water from Brookville. A bill of lading, now in the hands of Harry 
M. Stoops, gives an interesting insight into this phase of the early history of 
Franklin county. The bill of lading is given in its entirety, including its bad 
spelling, punctuation, etc. : 

"Lawrenceburgh, Inda. 28th Dec. 1822. 

"Shiped in Good order and well Conditioned on board the Strong 
Boat Brookville — Masters & Owners John Jacobs Sundry Barrels of Pork 
Whiskey and Flour, more particularly described as Follows viz: 



18 Barrels of Whiskey ea about },}, 1-3 Galls. 
20 do "' Flour ca 196 lbs. 
24 do Prime Pork ea 200 lbs. 

26 do Misc do ca 200 lbs. 

27 do Hams do ea 200 lbs. 

3 do Lard-ea 240 Ib.s, 720 lbs. 

2 half do do ea 120 lbs. 240 lbs. 

II kegs do ea 60 lbs. 660 lbs. 

4 Barrels do ea 240 lbs. 960 lbs. 

Total 2,580 lbs. 

Rec'd of N. D. Gallion on Board of my Boat as above Stated all the 
Several Barrels and Kegs in good order and condition each containing about 
as above Stated. All of wliicli I am to freight for said Gallion to Xew 
Orleans at the rate of one dollar per barrel and charge him a very Small 
Commission for selling the Same (M1 its arrival at market. 
We promise to comply to 
the above Errors 

. Excepted - Jacobs & Xoble." 

This bill of lading gives a good idea of the nature and quantitv of the 
cargoes which were floated out of Brookville. There was a chair factory 
located near the Catholic church and its proprietor shipped a big load of his 
chairs soutli every spring. Most of the shipments, however, were pork, 
flour and whiskey. Very little produce was shipped up the river, most of it 
being hauled overland from Cincinnati or Lawrenceburg up until the time 
the canal was opened. 


The rapidly increasing settlement of the White Water valley and the 
remarkable fertility of the soil caused an increasing demand for a market for 
the products of the farms and as early as 1822 or 1823 a convention of 
of delegates from Randolph, Wayne, Union, Fayette, Franklin and Dear- 
born counties, Indiana, assembled at Harrison, Ohio, to consider the prac- 
ticability of constructing a canal down the valley. The prime mover was 
Augustus Jocelyn, a minister of the gospel, who edited and published the 
Western Agriculturist at Brookville and through his pai>er worked up quite 
an interest in behalf of the improvement of the valley. Shortly after the 


convention was lield. Colonel Shrivcr, f)f the L'nited States army, began a 
survey for a canal and got as far flown tiie valley as Garrisrjn's creek, where 
the survey was brought to a sudden close by the death of the Colonel. The 
suspension was ui short duration, for Colonel Standbury, United States 
civil engineer, soon completed it. 

Nothing seems to have been done until l'"ebruary, 1834. when the T-eg- 
islature directed the canal commissioners to employ competent engineers 
and "early the ensuing summer survey to locate a canal from a point at or 
near the mouth of Xettle creek, in Wayne county, to Lawrenceburg. In- 
diana." Accordingly, William Coodw in was employed as engineer-in-chief 
and Jesse L. Williams, assistant engineer. During its construction and 
existence there were employed as assistant engineers Simpson Talbot, Elisha 
Long, John H. Farquhar, .Martin Crowell. Henry C. .\roore, Stephen D. 

Wright, Dewey and John Shank. The canal was first located on the 

west side of the river as far as Laurel., where it crossed to the east and 
continued down to the gravel bank just above Brookvillc, where it recrossed 
to the west bank and proceeded on to Lawrenceburg, but was afterwards 
located on the east bank, from Laurel to its terminus. 

Strange as it may seem, this great and badly-needed improvement was 
bitterly opposed by some and every possible obstruction thrown in the way 
of the enterprise, the opposition being led by Charles Hutchen. a Ken- 
tuckian, who resided for many years in Brookville and during his residence 
edited a newspaper. 


A meeting was called to assemble at the court house in Brookville at 
two o'clock P. ]\[.. December 25. 1S34, to consider the proprietv of con- 
structing a canal from the forks of Blue creek to its mouth. It was pro- 
posed to connect with the White Water canal near the mouth of the creek, and 
it was thought that Congress would donate contiguous land. The call closes 
with the following postscript: "\Miile we are borrowing monev to build 
the White Water canal let's borrow a little more to build the Blue Creek." 
This was done by the opponents of the White Water, as the proposed canal 
would only have been three or four miles in length. On January 6, 1835, 
the engineer reported the survey completed. 



The lenf;;th of the canal was seventy-six miles, with a fall of four hun- 
dred and ninety-one feet from its head at Xettle creek (Wayne county, near 
Cambridge City) to its terminus at L.awrencelmrg, recjuiring fifty-six locks 
and seven dams, the latter varying in height from two to eight feet. The 
estimated cost per mile was $14,908, or $1,142,126 for the entire canal. In 
June of that year Gen. Amaziah Morgan, of Rush county, was appointed a 
commissioner to receive stone, timber or the conveyance of land to the canal 
to aid in constructing it. It would give an outlet for Franklin, Rush, Fayette. 
Henry, Randolph and Hancock counties, as well as a large part of Wayne. 
Union, Decatur and Delaware — a district aggregating 3.150 square miles. 
Produce could be transported I)y tliis means at an average cost of $3. 56 per 
ton, as against $10, the present cost. This wOuld amount to $221,000 an- 
nually for the entire section. The water power would turn 318 pairs of mill 
stones and on its banks could be placed scores of saw-mills as well as cotton 
and woolen-mills. There is small wonder that the people of this county 
were anxious to see the canal built and gave the enterprise every possible 

Owing to the hills in southern Indiana it was deemed best to cross the 
line at Harrison and locate about eight miles of the canal in Flamilton county, 
Ohio, recrossing into Indiana and continuing to Lawrenceburg. As it was 
necessary to have the consent of Ohio to construct the portion running 
through her territory, the Legislature of Indiana authorized the governor to 
obtain Ohio's permission, and Governor Xoble appointed O. H. Smith a 
commissioner, who proceeded to Columbus. Ohio, and on January 30. 1835. 
presented Indiana's ref|uest. This was bitterly opposed and the petition 
refused on the grounds that it was against Ohio's interest to grant it. as the 
White Water canal would run parallel to the Miami at a distance of from 
twenty to fifty miles from it. and that the product of Wayne. Union and 
part of Fayette and Franklin counties. Indiana, were taken to Hamilton and 
shipped to Cincinnati on the Miami canal, and if Ohio granted the request 
she would lose that tonnage. The refusal only served to put Indiana on her 
mettle, and the Buckeyes soon learned that when "the Hoosiers will they 
will, and that's the end on't." for the Legislature immediately instructed the 
board of internal improvements, should Ohio persist in her refusal, to con- 
struct a railroad on the Indiana side of the state line from Harrison to 
Lawrenceburg. This, with the influence of Cincinnati, whose people quickly 


realized wliat the result would he to thciii if the commerce of the valley went 
to Lawrencel)urf(, hastily chaii.L,'cfl the mind of Ohio's Legislature and the 
petition was .t^ranted. One enthusiastic advocate of the White Water canal, 
in the Liberty Hall and Ciiuiinuiti Gazette of September 8. 1836. earnestly 
and persistently ur_i;ed Cincinnati to borrow half a million dollars to aid in 
constructing the canal and Miami railroad. l*)arly in January. 1836, the 
champions of the White Water canal in the Indiana Legislature. Enoch Mc- 
Carty in the Senate and Caleb Smith and Mark Crum in the House, had the 
pleasing satisfaction of seeing their labors crowned with success by the 
passing of the internal improvement bill. 


Tuesday, January 9, 1836, was a gala day in Brookville, for on that day 
the news that the internal improvement bill had passed both houses of the 
Legislature was received, and in the evening the event was celebrated with 
speaking by prominent men. .Ml buildings, public and private, were illum- 
inated and long rows of lights placed on the fences along Meirs street. A 
large procession was formed under the command of Col. B. S. Xoblc and 
Captain Dodd, and. amid the ringing of bells, beating of drums and roaring 
of cannons, marched through the streets to the inspiring strains of a band 
of music. The demonstrations coiitinued until after midnight, when the 
citizens retired to their homes, but the cannon boomed till daylight. 

On September 13, 1836, the ceremony of "breaking ground"' and letting 
of the contracts for the construction of the canal from Brookville to Law- 
renceburg was celebrated at Brookville by a great barbecue and everv ex- 
pression of rejoicing possible. The orator of the day was Governor Xoah 
Noble. The other speakers were ex-Governor James B. Rav. David 
Wallace, Hon. George H. Dunn, of l^wrenceburg, and Dr. Daniel Drake, 
of Cincinnati. Quite a number of speeches were made and toasts offered, 
the following being offered by James Finley, editor of the Richmond Palla- 
dium : 

"There is not in the wide world a valley so sweet. 

As the vale where the branches of the White Water meet: 

Oh ! the last pica\'une shall depart from my fob. 

Ere the east and the west fork relinquish the job." 

A pick, shovel and wheelbarrow had been provided for the occasion and 
at the close of the speaking^ and reading of the toasts, one of the speakers 


seized the pick and loosened tiie ground for a few feet, another trundled the 
wheelbarrow to the looscnetl earth, another took the shovel and filled the 
wheelbarrow and David Wallace trundled it a short distance and 
dumped it and "ground was ])roken" for the White Water canal. On this 
day, September 13, 183^1, contracts were let f(jr the construction of the canal 
to the following parties : William Carr, Joel Wilcox, Zepheniah Reed, 

William Rhubcjttom. Joel Palmer, R. & T. Freeman, Westertield, 

Benjamin M. Remy, George Heimer, Moses Kelley, William Marshall, N. 
Hammond, William M. McCarty, Isaac Van Horn, H. Simonton, William 
Garrison, Paren & Kyle. Carmichael & Barwick. Gibbons & Williams. Hal- 
stead & Parker, Xaylor, Troxall & Company, D. Banham & Company, Scott 
& Butt. H. Lasure & Company, \^ance. Caldwell & Company, Tyner, Whii>- 
ple & Company and C. and Joseph ]\ leeks. The state pushed the work and 
in November, 1837, J^^' Wilcox, the contractor for building the bridge and 
dam across the East fork of the White Water below Brookville, completed 
the latter and water was let in the first mile of the canal. According to the 
report of the board of internal improvements for that year, there had been 
employed between Lawrenceburg and Brookville nine of that board, one 
engineer-in-chief, one secretary, twelve resident engineers, seven senior and 
eleven junior assistant engineers and twenty-four rodmen. One of the rod- 
men was the late George A\'. Julian, for many years a resident of Irvington, 
and who a few years later took such an active part in national affairs. There 
were twenty axmen and nine hundred and seventy-five laborers, the latter 
receiving eighteen dollars per month. So rapidly was the work pushed that 
on December 20, 1838. Superintendent Long reported that the canal was 
nearly completed to Brookville. 


The W^hitc bridge, as it is called, was finished by the contractor in 
September. 1838, the west side of it being used for the towpath. It is three 
hundred and ninety-two feet long and cost fourteen thousand dollars. The 
locks were either named for some prominent person engaged in constructing 
the canal or for .the town where they were located. Beginning at the south- 
ern end, they were Marshall's. Fox's, Trenton, Berweise's. Rhubottom's, 
Cedar Grove, Guard Lock at Case's. Wiley's (two), Tvner's, Guard lock 
below Brookville. Brookville Basin lock. Reed's, Boundary Hill. Yellow 
Bank, Twin locks, Gordon's, Metamora. Murray's. Ferris's. Jink's, Laurel. 
Hetrick's. Garrison's creek, , Conwell's, Limpus's, Berlin. Xulltown. L'pde- 


graff's, Harron's, CoinvelFs. Mill I'xk. Triple locks, Claypool's, Carinen"s, 
Four-mile, Swamp level, Mcton and Lockport (two;. 

The first boat to reach lirookville from Lawrenceburg was the "Ben 
Franklin," owned by Lcjn.i^ <:v: W'esterfield and commanded by Gen. Elisha 
Long. It arrived June 8, 1839, and was drawn by hand from below tov.n 
up to its landing. The last boat that landed from Cincinnati to Brookville 
was "The Favorite." owned and run by Capt. Aaron C. Miller. The fir-t 
boat completed at the Rochester (Cedar Grove) yard of T. Moore, U. Ken- 
dall, G. B. Child and S. D. Coffin was a packet called the "Native." With 
Stephen D. Coffin as master, this boat arrived in Brookville July 3, 1839, and 
the next day took a merry i)arty of excursionists to Case's dam, three and 
one-half miles below town. The "Xative"' marie regular trips between 
Brookville and Lawrenceburg, leaving the former at six-thirty A. M., Mon- 
days, Wednesdays and Fridays, arriving at the latter place the same evening; 
on the return, it left Lawrenceburg at six-thirty A. M. on Tuesdays. Thurs- 
days and Saturdays, arriving at firookville on the same day. The fare was 
one dollar and twenty-five cents and one dollar and fifty cents, the state re- 
ceiving thirty-seven and a half cents out of each fare. 

The established cost of the canal from Hagerstown to Lawrenceburg 
was $1,567,470, and yet to construct it to Brookville had cost $664,665. The 
state debt had. become so large that it could not pay the interest. On August 
18, 1839, it was announced that the state was bankrupt and could do nothing 
more in the way of building the canal, and the state accordingly sold the 
canal in 1842 to Henry S. Vallette, a wealthy Cincinnatian. who proceeded to 
complete it. In November, 1843, the first boat, the "Native."' in charge of 
Captain Crary, reached Laurel at dark v\'ith a grand excursion from Brook- 
ville. During the night the bank bursted and left the merrymakers eight 
miles above Brookville— and they walked into the town. In June, 1845. the 
canal reached Connersville. The first boat to arrive at Herron's lock was the 
"Banner." The following October the canal reached Cambridge Citv and 
had cost the company $473,000. In 1846 it was completed to Hagerstown 
and, according to the report of the auditor of state for 1848. had cost the 
state $1,920,175.13. In January, 1847, a flood destroyed the aqueduct at 
Laurel and also the one on this side of Cambridge City, and cut channels 
around the feeder dams at Case's, Brookville, Laurel. Connersville and Cam- 
bridge City. The damage was estimated to be $90,000. and S70.000 was 
expended during the summer in repairs. The following November there 
was another Hood that destroyed all that had been done and $80,000 more 
was expended, leaving $30,000 of repairs undone, and the canal was not 


ready for use until September of 1848. Disaster followed disaster, the cost 
of maintaining it exceeding the revenue until July 22, 1863, when it was sold 
at the c(jurt htnise (hjor in iJmokville Ijy the United States marshal to H. C 
Lord, president of the Indianapolis & Cincinnati Railroad, for S63.000. that 
being the amount of the judgment. The railroad company Iiad long <lesired 
to secure the canal from Harrison to Cincinnati, so it could lay its track 
through the tunnel and thus gain an entrance t(j the city and the use of the 
White Water basin for a depot. This sale, for some reason, was set aside, 
although the railroad held that portion of the canal and used it as I have 
stated, but on December 5, 1865, C. C. Binckley, president of the White 
Water Valley Canal Company, sold it to H. C. L(jrd, president of the White 
Water Valley Railroad Company, for 8137,348.12. 

As early as 1836 Ohio had begun to consider the question of building a 
branch canal from Harrison to Cincinnati, and in I-'ebruary, 1837. finally 
decided to build it. It was estimated that the canal would ccst between 
$300,000 and S400.000 and take two years to construct. In May, of the 
same year, stock in the branch canal was placed on sale at Cincinnati. Ohio 
took $150,000, Cincinnati $200,000, thus leaving Si 00,000 un.sold. This 
branch was completed in the spring of 1838. In April of the same year an 
excursion was run through the newly completed canal and from that time 
through traffic was maintained between Cincinnati and all points on the 
White Water canal. 


Half way between Brookville and Cedar Grove there lived a few years 
ago Joseph McCafferty, one of the last captains to ojjcrate a boat on the 
White Water canal. Some years before his death he talked reminiscently con- 
cerning the days when thousands of tons of produce were hauled up and 
down the canal. "Well, I know a few things about that old canal." said 
Captain McCafferty. "for, man and boy, I have been near it all my life. I 
used to hide behind trees and throw stones at the Irish laborers who were 
brought here to dig it. The digging began, I think, in 1836: it was along 
some time in 1839 that the water was let into it from Lawrenceburg to 
Brookville, and. if I remem!)cr right, it was open to Cincinnati along about 
1848. The canal broke in 1847 and again in i'ii^2, and caused considerable 
damage, but was built up again and business increased for a while and then 
began to let down. ... 

-'--: "The first boat was the 'Ben Franklin.' She had been running on the 


Miami canal for a number < i yars, and it was dcciderl to bring- her over 
here. She was dropped down from the Miami canal to the Ohio river and 
floated to Lawrcncelnircf and ])ut into the White Water canal. I Ixiiight her 
and chanf^ed the name to 'Henry Clay' anrl there weren't any boats on the 
canal that could make any better time. ' I I)iiilt a numl>er of I)oats to .sell, and 
always ijot ^ood |)rices for tiiem. The first l)oat built at Cedar Grove was 
called the 'Native,' and when slic started on her first tri]) there was a good 
deal of excitement all along the canal. The 'Xative' was a passenger and 
freight boat and was fitted up in a manner that was gorgeous for those days. 
There were two cabins and large state rooms ranged on the side, the same as 
is now seen on passenger steamers. Stephen Coffin was the builder and 
captain, and when he started out on a trip he always niafle a good deal of 
fuss about it. 

. "Finally I built, a boat called the 'Belle of Indiana,' and there was 
nothing on the canal that touclied her anywhere. The swan line of packets 
was put on about that time. They did not carry anything but light freight 
and passengers, and it was expected then they would make a fortune for 
their owners. But they did not pay, and after a season or two they were 
withdrawn. I carried passengers on the 'Belle of Indiana' and some of the 
most famous men of the day used to ride with me, but I did not pay a great 
deal of attention to them, for generally I was too busy.'' 


"There used to be some lively times on the canal, no doubt?" 

"Lively isn't the word for it," chuckled the old captain. "There was 
an intense rivalry between the boats, and the way they used to race was a 
caution, and when one boat tried to pass another it was about sure to end in 
a fight. The crew of a boat was the captain, two steersmen, cook and driver, 
and sometimes they all got into it. Down near Cleaves. Ohio, one time, two 
boat crews got into a fight and one of the men was killed — that was the only 
killing I ever knew of, but I saw a whole lot of of them beat up." 

"Ever get into a scrap yourself ?'' 

"Oh, I guess I had my share," and he pulled his tall athletic form up to 
its height, "but none of them was ever serious. You see. I had one of the 
fastest boats on the canal, and when 1 came 'round the bend, the other fellow 
just took it for granted that I would go by, so he hugged the shore and let 
me pass." " ' " '^ ' • \ 

"What was the most exciting time vou ever had on the canal?'' 


"Well, I had a right smart excitement, but the greatest time was when 
they opened the canal to Cambrid.i(e City. We knew for a long time that the 
canal was to be opened ui) to that place, but we did not know just when it 
would be, so we all laid away as much as possible and waited for the word. 
Several times it was repr)rlc(l the water was coming down, and we would 
edge up close and get ready f(;r the rush. It was just like the rushes they 
made down in the Indiana Territory, except we have canal boats instead of 
horses. At last the word came that the water wa^ in the canal at Cambridge 
City, and we started. 

"There were twenty boats, and c\ery one tried to get by the other, and 
when we had to make the locks I tell you there was some tall swearing and 
not a little fighting, but no one was hurt. My boat and all the other packets 
were crowded with passengers. I had the 'Belle of Indiana' then, and there 
was such a crowd on the deck that 1 had to separate them so the steersman 
could see the bow- of the Ijoat. When we got in sight of Milton it seemed as 
if the whole United States was there. There were two or three cannons 
fired and the people were shouting and yelling like Indians. John Lemon 
was captain of the 'Belle of the West." and I was pushing him mighty hard, 
for he was in the lead. But the water was not deep enough for a good race 
and he beat me into Canijjridge City : but I was right behind him. 


"The crowd at Milton was not a patching to the crowed at Cambridge 
City. There were cannons, more bands, the state officers were there and 
every one had a great jubilee. They kept it up all night and most of next 
day, and everyone had any kind of fun he wanted, and did not lia\e to pay 
for it. I tell you, there is a big ditterencc now and then. Why. we went 
through the stretches of woods four and five miles long then to get to Cam- 
bridge, and it would be hard to find a stretch now half a mile long. Those 
were great days, though, and everylxidy made money. Init mighty few kept 
it. It was come easy and go easy. 

"Of course, I was around the canal about all my life, but I ran a boat 
about seven years, and good years they were. too. But I saw that the busi- 
ness on the canal was falling ofif and so I sold all my boats, closed out mv 
business, bought a farm and have been a farmer ever since. I'm getting to 
be a pretty old man, and want a rest. I guess that I am about the onlv one 
of the boys who used to run on the canal that is left, and it won't be very long 
until I tie up forever." 



Before the White Water canal was in f^(K)d runnin*^ order, Franklin county 
began to agitate the building of a railroad through the county. In the early 
fifties the local pajjers are full of articles on the building of railroads through 
the county and the plat book in the recorder's office (pages 12-13) shows a 
railroad through the n(jrtheastern corner of the county known as the Cin- 
cinnati, Caml)ridge & Chicago Short Lines Railroad. The date of it is given 
as August 4, 1 85,^5, and it was just sixty years from that time until the 
present road was built across that corner of the county. On Xoljle's map of 
185S, is shown this railroad as if it were actually constructed and future 
generations seeing this niai) might think that there was actually a railroad 
through the county at that time. .\ part of the grade for this road was 
actually made, but unforeseen circumstances stoi)[)ed the buiUling of the 
road. Traces of the grade may yet be seen, although in places trees had been 
growing for more than half a century. In 1902 the Chicago, Richmond &: 
Muncie Railroad Company began building its line and, as finally surveved, 
six and eighty-eight one hundredths miles of its track was in Franklin 
county. On April 4. igoj. Bath and Springfield townships voted on the 
question of granting a subsidy to the company. Bath voted a subsidv of 
twelve thousand dollars by a majority of sixty, while Springfield voted 
twenty thousand dollars by a majority of si.\ty-nine. There are two stations 
on this line in the county, Peoria and Bath, with a passenger and freio-ht 
depot at each station. 


It was not until after it was seen that the canal had outlived its useful- 
ness that the building of a railroad through the county took on a serious 
aspect. The floods of the latter fifties damaged the canal so that it was of 
little use after the beginning of the Civil \\'ar. In 1S63 the Indianapolis & 
Cincinnati Railroad Company secured the right to use the towpath of the 
canal for the building of the railroad and within three years Brookville had 
steam connection with Cincinnati. This road, now kno\\Ti as the White- 
water division of the Cleveland, Chicago, Cincinnati & St. Louis railroad 
(Big Four), has 27.8 miles of the county, which, writh 3.93 miles of side-track, 
is listed for taxation at Si()4,g25. 

This road has passed through several hands and has never been a paving 
. (17) 


proposition, due not only to the limited territory which it serves, but also as 
well to the heavy exi)ense entailed by the frequent floods which sweep down 
the White Water valley. The (L;od of 1913 practically ruined the right of 
way throujg-h the county and more than one hundred thousand dollars was 
expended by the company before the track could be used again. In fact, so 
extensive was the damage that it was nearly two months before the trains 
were running. There was talk at the time that the company would discon- 
tinue the road altogether, but, fortunately for Franklin county, the company 
decided to keep the road in use. For nearly a year the Big Four has main- 
tained through service only between Cincinnati and Connersville, and at the 
present time operates two passenger trains each way daily between these two 
points. There is one passenger train which reaches Brookville each night 
from Cincinnati and returns to that city at five o'clock the next morning. 


The Big Four was the first railroad built between Indianapolis and 
Cincinnati and three and twenty-five one-hundredths miles of its track lie in 
Franklin county. It crosses the southwestern corner of Ray township and 
goes through one town in the county, Huntersville. This road was con- 
structed in the fifties and has been a good paying proposition ever since it 
was built. This road is double tracked through the county. This road was 
valued at $134,875 in 1914. for the three and a fourth miles of tracks which 
it had in the county. 

By James M. MUler. 

Among the first settlements in southeast Indiana Were those along the 
fertile valley of the East Fork of Whitewater river and its tributaries. The 
settlers were a thrifty, energetic people, and their industry soon produced 
a surplus. At quite an early day tlatboats were built at Dunlapsville and 
Quakertown and loaded with the products of the farms, and when a rise 
in the river occurred were nm out into the current and lioated to New 
Orleans. In the spring of 1819 or 1820, a flatboat that had been built and 
loaded with provisions at Dunlapsville by George Newland, father of the 
blind musician of that name v/ho was well known in Indianapolis, passed 
Bassett's mill dam at Fairfield on its way to New Orleans. 

Possessing the push and energy that they did, it is no wonder that 
these people were among the first to advocate internal improvements. Such 


improvement was very early agitaterl and by 1834 the scheme for a canal 
down the East Fork began to assume form. On August 4 of that year a 
meeting was held at Richmond to consider the practicability of constructing 
a canal from that city to intersect the proposed Whitewater canal at or near 
Brookville. This was followed by a meeting in Brookville to consider the 
propriety of constructing a canal down the East Fork of the Whitewater 
river from a point in Darke county, Ohio, to connect with the .Miami canal 
at or near Dayton, Ohio. On September 12, 1836, a convention of delegates 
from Wayne and Franklin counties assembled at Dunlapsville in the interest 
of the proposed canal. On calling the roll the following delegates answered : 
Robert Morrison, John Finley, Warner M. Leeds, John Ervin, Irwin Keed, 
Daniel P. Wiggins, James W. Borden, William R. Foulke. Alexander Stakes, 
Basil Brightwell, Achilles Williams, Mark Reeves and W. B. Smith, of 
Richmond; Smith Hunt, Frederick Black, W. J. Matchett, Col. E. Rials- 
back, Jacob Hender, Thomas J. Larsh and William Clerick, of Abington ; 
William Watt, James Laml), William Youse, Jesse Starr, T. H. Harding, 
J. F. Chapman, Ladis Walling, Jacob Imel and Greenbury Beels, of Brown- 
ville; George Newland, John Templeton, J. W. Scott, Matthew Hughes, 
Hugh McCollough, Israel Kirk and Bennett Osborn, of Dunlapsville; Redin 
Osborn and James Wright, of Fairfield ; Abner McCarty, Samuel Goodwin. 
William T. Beeks, George Kimble, John Ryman, John 'M. Johnson and 
George Holland, of Brookville. A permanent organiation was eected. 
Committees of three from each delegation were appointed to correspond with 
parties residing on the line of the proposed canal and notitv them of future 
meetings, and give any other information in regard to the enterprise. 

On January 27, 1837, the Legislature of Indiana directed the board 
of internal improvements to survey and locate early the ensuing summer a 
canal from Richmond to Brookville, to intersect the Whitewater canal at 
or near the latter place. They were to use the local engineers then emploved 
on the Whitewater canal, and to incur no extra expense for the state. 
Accordingly. Col. Simpson Torbet was employed as engineer-in-chief and 
Col. John H. Farquhar. Thomas Noell. Elisha Long. J. C. Moore and M. 
Dewey, w^ho had been employed on the Whitewater, presumablv, formed 
the engineering corps of the Richmond and Brookville canal. On December 
2, 1837, Colonel Tori)et made his report to the state l)nard of internal improve- 
ments, stating that he had completed the "survey and location of a canal down 
the East Fork of the Whitewater river, beginning at Richmond, in Wayne 
county, and terminating at Brookville, in Franklin county." 

The canal was to be 33^^ miles long. 26 feet wide on the bottom, and 


40 feet at the surface, aiul to have a depth of four feet of water. There 
would be 3>4 miles of slack water and 3 miles of hlutf, requiring riprapping 
of loose stone protection. There was a tall of 2'/y/z feet, requiring the fol- 
lowing mechanical structures : 2 guard locks, 2 aqueducts, 7 culverts, 2 water " 
weirs with gates, 16 road briflges, 2 towpath bridges over the East 1-ork, 5 
dams, and 31 lift locks. The dams were to be located at the following 
points: Dam No. i, one-half mile from Richmond, at the National road, 
160 feet long; Dam No. 2, 160 feet long, 5^4 "liles from Richmond, near 
Larsh's mill; Dam No. 3, 170 feet long, iij4 "li'^^s from Richmond, near 
Ottis' mills; Dam No. 4, 180 feet long, above Fairfield, and 2},y. miles from 
Richmond; Dam No. 5, 200 feet long, above iJrookville and ^2 miles from 
Richmond. The locks, each 90 feet long by 15 feet wide, were to be located 
at the following places: Xo. i, one-half mile from Richmond, at the National 
road bridge; No. 2, at Bancrofi's factory; No. 3. at Siddle's mills: No. 4, 
McFadden's sawmill; No. 5, Rue's mill: No. 0, Henderson's farm: No. 7. 
Henderson's sawmill; No. 8, Colonel Hunt's lands; No. 9. at Shroyer's f ann ; 
No. 10, at Abington; N(j. 11, at Schwisher's house; No. 12. guard lock 
where the canal crossed the river; Nos. 13 and 14, in Brownsville; No. 15, 
at Aschenbury's sawmill: No. 16 and 17, at Adney's land: No. 18, at Silver 
creek; No. 19, at Newland's, near Dunlapsville ; No. 20, at J. F. Templeton's 
lands; No. 21, at Hanna's creek: No. 22, above Fairfield; Nos. 23 and 24. 
at Wolf creek; No. 25, at Robert Templeton's f ann : No. 26, at John Logan's 
lands; No. 2"], at McCarty's farm; No. 28. on school section; No. 29. at But- 
ler's land; Nos. 30 and 31, in Brookville. 

The line of the canal followed the right (east) bank of the river for a 
distance' of 1134 miles, when it crossefl over to the left (west) bank at Dam 
No. 3, and followed that side of the river for I2j4 miles, passing into 
slack water below Hanna's creek, and recrossing to the right bank at Dam 
No. 4, above Fairfield, and continued down that side of the river to Brook- 

This is the route according- to the original survey, but it must have been 
relocated, for George Templeton later said that the line crossed over to the 
left (west) bank at the southwest corner of his farm, near where the school 
house stands on Fairfield pike, and that there was to have been a feeder dam 
at that place. This would correspond v/ith the locks located on the John 
Logan, Abner McCarty and Amos Butler lands, besides avoiding some 
extensive blult excavations, and is a far more practicable route than to have 
continued down the east side of the river from the dam above Fairtield to 
Brookville. This would locate Dam 5 about 30 miles instead of 32 miles from 



Richmond and about 3^/. miles above Brookville. The route as surveyed in 
Brookville passed down east Market to the intersection of James, now Fourtli 
street, where it veered to the west and terminated in tiie pool of the W hue- 
water canal fomied by the dam across the East Fork. The estimated cost 
of the canal per mile was $15,277, and for the 33^4 miles, $483,778, includ- 
ing contingencies of $24,i«8; the entire cost of the canal was estimated to 
be $507,966. 

Colonel Torbet said in his rep<jrt of the proposed improvement: "With 
the exception of the bluffs and the lockage, the valley of the East Fork is 
of the most favorable character for the construction of a canal. There would 
be many advantages growing out of its construction, the l>enertt of which 
can scarcely be anticipated. It would be the cliannel through which 
all the trade of one of the most populous, fertile and wealthy regions of 
the western country would pass. Richmond, situated at the head of naviga- 
tion, with its vast water power, extensive capital, and enterprising inhabitants, 
might become the Pittsburgh of Indiana." 

A fatality seemed to have followed the engineers of the Whitewater 
and Richmond and Brookville canals. Colonel Schreiver died while he was 
engaged in surveving the former, while Colonel Torbet. completing the survey 
of the latter, made his final rep.:)rt January 5. 1838. and died the 23rd of the 
following March at John Godley's, near Harrison, Ohio. 

In January of 1838 a meeting was held in Brookville in the interest of 
the canal. A draft of a charter for the organization of a company was 
approved, and two committees were appointed, one to correspond w'ith our 
representatives in the Legislature, requesting their influence in behalf of the 
charter, and the other to communicate with towns along the line of the 
proposed canal. In the same month a meeting was also held at Fairfield, 
of which James Osbom was chairman, and James L. Andrews. James 
McManus. George W. Thompson and Nathaniel Bassett were appointed 
commissioners, as required in the charter. In February- of 1839 Warner 
M. Leeds, secretary of the company, published the following notice : 

"Richmond and Brookville Canal Stock Subscription — Books for sub- 
scription of stock in the Richmond and Brookville canal will be opened by the 
commissionei-s on the first day of April. 1839, and kept open tiventy-one 
days, agreeable to the charter, at the following places, viz: Richmond. Abing- 
ton, Brownsville. Dunlapsville. Fairfield and Brook^-ille. The following 
commissioners were authorized to have special charge of said books, one 
of whom will attend to each of the following places for the purpose of 
receiving subscriptions: Robert Morrison, Richmond; Col. Smith Hunt, 


Abington; John Rider, Drownsvillc; Jaiiies Osborn and James Andrews, Fair- 
field, and Samuel Goodwin, Brookvillc." 

The Kichjiiond Falladmm of April 27, 1S39, states that Franklin, Union 
-ind Wayne counties had taken $215,000 worth of stock, of which $50,000 
was taken by Richmond, the following citizens of that place taking stock: 
William Dewey, Warner A'l. Leeds, Benjamin Fulgum, James King, Andress 
S. Wiggins, Charles Paulson, John Ogan, Dennis McMullen, Henry Moor- 
man, Caleb Sheren, Irwin Reed, Joseph M. Gilbert, Benjamin Strattan. Wil- 
liam Owen, Cornelius Ratliff, William Kenworthy, John Suffcrin, Benjamin 
Mason, Basil Brightwell, Benjamin Pierce, Isaac Jones, Benjamin Straw- 
bridge, Armstrong Grimes, Solomon Florney, Jr., Jacob J. Keefer, Reuben 
AI. Worth, William Meek, Williams S. \\'att, John M. Laws, Isaac Bceson, 
Kasson Brookins, Henry Hollingsworth, James W. Salter, Hugh S. Flamil- 
ion, Thomas Newman, William B. Smith, Oliver Kinsey, Clayton Hunt, and 
Samuel E. Perkins. For the names of tlie stockholders we are indebted to 
Joseph C. Ratliff, of Richmond. 

Undoubtedly Brookville and Franklin county did their duty and were as 
generous as Wayne and L'nion counties or any of the towns along the line 
of the canal, but no record of the stockholders can be obtained. The names 
of only two have been learned ; these were Graham Hanna and James Wright. 

In September of 1839 Richmond and Brookville papers contained 
advertisements calling for bids for constructing sections i, 2 and 3. near 
Richmond: 13, near Abington; 20, near Brownsville: 40, near Fairfield, 
and 52, near Brookville. The advertisement states that the sections to be 
let "embrace a number of mechanical structures, consisting principally of 
dams and locks, with some very heavy bluff excavations." Specifications of 
the work were to be posted at Doctor Matchett's tavern in Abington. Doctor 
Mulford's tavern in Brownsville, Abijah DuBois' tavern in Fairfield, D. 
Hoffman's tavern in Brookville, and at the company's office in Richmond. 
The lettings took place as advertised, except section 52, near Brookville, 
which, owing to the heavy excavations, was not let. So far as can be learned. 
no work was done near Brookville, but on section 40, near Fairfield, the 
contractors, Heniy and Harvey Pierce, excavated about one and a half 
miles of the canal down the east side of the river to the farm now owned 
by Sallie and ^Missouri Hanna. Traces of excavation can al.>o be seen 
plainly on the farm of James Blew. Sections i, 2 and 3, near Richmond, 
■were let, and from a mile and a half to two miles of excavation made. No 
use of these excavated portions was ever made until i860, when Leroy 


Larsh erected a grist mill on the portion near Richmond, which is yet in 

At the breaking- of ground for the Whitewater canal John Finley, editor 
of the Richmond Palladium, quoting Moore's "Meeting of the Waters," with 
changes to suit the occasion, said : "The last picayune shall depart from my 
fob ere the East and West Forks relinquish the job." Whether the last 
picayune departed from the editor's fob or not is unknown, but undoubtedly 
the East Fork relinquished the job, and Richmond failed to become the 
"Pittsburgh of Indiana." 




The first attempt to form and conduct an agricultural society in Franklin 
county was the organization of such a society in Septeml^r, 1834. Tlie first 
officers were as follow: David Mount, president; Enoch McCarty, Samuel 
Lering and Samuel Goodwin, trustees ; George Holland, recording bccretary ; 
Rufus Haymond, corresponding secretary; George W. Kimble, treasurer. 
The township directors (then called curators) were as follow: Brookville 
township, William T. Beeks. Daniel St. John. Joseph Goudic, Richard 
Littel and Samuel Hymes ; Highland township, Bradbury Cottrcl and Solo- 
mon Allen ; Blooming Grove townsliip, James Webb, John Allen and W. T. 
Jacobs; White Water to\vnshi[), John P. Case and Samuel Rockatellar: Bath 
township, William Shultz and Abraham Lee ; Posey township, I. Lockwood, 
James Simmons and Alexander McKee ; Springfield township, Samuel Shirk, 
Philp Jones and Isaac Wamsley ; Ray township, Charles Martin and James 
Halsey; Fairfield township, Benjamin Snowden. James Wright, Redin Os- 
born and Michael F. Miller. John A. Matson was selected to deliver the first 
annual address. 

At the fair in 1837 stock and machinery were exhibited on a lot near 
the residence of Samuel Goodwin. The butter, cheese and all articles to be 
judged by the ladies were placed in a room at the court house. James Calfee 
was then acting as the society's secretary. This fair was held at Brookville, 
while later exhibits were made at Laurel, as will be observed later on. 
Brookville has had three fair grounds. The first was situated in the southern 
part of town, near tlie present home of !Mr. Hathaway: the second was near 
the present school building ; the last one where now is located the cemetery, 
on the west side of White Water river. .\t the last named locality about 
thirty acres of land was leased and fairh' well improved by the agricultural 
society, which continued to have their annual exhibits until 1881. when the 
society disbanded. The land was sold to the Odd Fellows of Brookville, 
who converted it into the present cemetery. ■ '^"*" 

Prior to 1850 the original society went down, and a meeting was called 
for August 29, 1 85 1, for the purpose of organizing a society in Franklin 









.S£. •.-.- ^^ii\^i:<:ii^^j:^ - -~ Hi* iiJ^'^j&AJ 



county, under the new Indiana state law. It was signed by James Everett, 
James McClure, John P. Brady. Thomas F-'itton. A. B. Line, John R. Good- 
win, C. F. Clarkson, Isaac Peck, George Holland and Samuel Goudie. C. F. 
Clarkson, who was elected president of the new agricultural society, later in 
life made a famous record as a journalist in Iowa, where he was familiarly 
known as "Father Clarkson," and was the founder of the great loiva State 
Register, now the Rcgistcr-Lcadcr, of Des Moines. Iowa. 

The first county fair under the auspices of this society was held at 
Laurel in 1852. Three acres of grf>und. just south of the village of Laurel, 
were fenced in with a seven- foot board fence; a speaker's stand, floral hall, 
mechanic's hall, a hall for grain and dairy products, an office and ticket 
building, with pens for cattle, hogs and sheep, were among the improvements 
of the place. The main buildings were thirty by one hundred and fifty feet 
in size. 

After the removal of the fair to Brookville things went on well for 
many years, and very creditable annual exhibits were made. But as time 
passed and the state fair began to absorb the interest hitherto taken in local 
county affairs, this county, with many others in Indiana, began to wane and 
finally, after several new leases on its existence, went down. This is to be 
regretted, when one comes to consider that Franklin county is still classed 
among the good farming sections of the state. At an early day the population 
was more or less absori^ed in manufacturies and living off of the forests, 
which were finally ruthlessly cut down and shipped away or consumed at 
home. But with the passing of factories and mills, a majority of the free- 
holders began to turn again to the soil for their chief support. 


At an early day the bottom lands and valleys generally were too full 
of vegetable matter to be good wheat-raising lands, but after several de- 
cades of corn growing on these lands this condition was all changed, and then 
wheat was profitably grown. In many sections there were produced as manv 
as fifty successive crops of corn, which tended to exhaust the vegetable mat- 
ter, after which other grains grew better. 

In the eastern part of the county there was a large amount of level and 
wet land, which was not considered valual)le for farming purposes, but later 
on, when drained an<l cleared off, became the richest part of the entire 
eonnty. In this portion there is a clay sub-soil with a vegetable loam for the 
upper surface. In Blooming Grove and parts of other northern townships 


the soil is gray and, in instances, almost white, with a yellow sub-soil, which 
when brought to the surface affords a fine productive soil. In the southern 
part of the county the sub-soil is also a yellow clay, though not as pro- 
ductive as in other sections. l!ut the proper care, fertilization and general 
rotation of crops has brcnight these lands up to alxiut the stanrlard of this 
section of the state. Especially here (jne finds many of the most valuable 
orchards and vineyards. It has been said by scientists that this county lacks in 
lime, and hence fertilizing and the plowing under of green clover has l)cen 
successfully followed for many years to the betterment of the soil. 


As a grazing county this is most excellent and those who have turned 
their attention to more stock and less grain growing, have come to be the 
wealthy husbandmen. The dairy industry also has been profitable, and is 
still so. As one example of this liranch of farm indu.stry it should be stated 
that hundreds of pounds of milk are shipped from milk and cream stations 
within the county, to distant markets, including Cincinnati. Again, the 
quality of stock matured here can be shown by the following description of 
a mammoth steer, which item appeared in one of the weekly home papers a 
few years ago: 

"One indication of this county being a good live-stock section is the 
fact that here was bred and matured one of the largest, if not the very 
largest, steers grown in the world. He was exhibited at various stock and 
horse shows in 1906. He was raised and kept until past four years of age 
on the farm of Perry M. Elwell, in Springfield township, and sold to Andy 
Wissel, when he was eighteen hands high at his shoulder, six feet in circum- 
ference, seventeen feet and four inches long from tip of tail to tip of nose. 
He then weighed three thousand, five hundred pounds. He was known as 
'Jumbo.' " 


That fruit growing in Franklin county may be made a success, one's at- 
tention only need be called to the following item in a local ErookviHe ^news- 
paper of 1906, which stated the facts concerning three of the most extensive 
orchards in the county: D. L. Secrest raised twelve thousand bushels of fine 
marketable apples that year : Herman Trichler, six thousand bushels ; Charles 
F. Jones, three thousand bushels." The editor adds: "There are hundreds 


of acres of land in this county that would yield a handsome profit if planted 
in apijlos, pears and plums." 

Another source of p^ood returns from the soil of this county, in more 
recent years, is the cultivation oi tohacco, which is successfully grown on 
both hillsides and valley lands. Piere and there up and down the White 
Water valley may be seen larj^e sheds for dryiiVs; and curin.q the tol»acco 
leaves, which are shipped to Cincinnati and other points. This industry, 
however, has assumed large i)r(>portions only within the past few years, but 
bids fair to become greater. A small piece of land set to tobacco produces 
good returns, but it improverishes the soil considerably. 

- • • • •■:•:•<; ASSESSORS return, 1913. 

It is to be regretted that the assessment books of this county for many 
years have not been correctly kept and that the supposed list of farm 
products, etc., have not been made up as prescribed by law. In many in- 
stances there are se\ eral townships which have made no atlemi^t at duing 
this work. In 1913 there were four townships and one incorporation not 
reported. The remaining townships and corporation gave the following : 

Bath township — Number automobiles, 14; horses, 839; cattle. 585; 
hogs, 2,093. 

Springfield townshij) — Automobiles. 23; horses, 592; cattle, 1,144; 
hogs, 3,850. 

Whitewater — Automobiles, 15; horses, 575; cattle, 1,125; hogs. 1,647. 

Highland township — Horses, 512; cattle, 966; hogs, 829. 

Brookville township — Automobiles, 9; horses, 1,051 ; cattle, 2,043: hogs, 

Fairfield township — Automobiles, 4 ; horses, 291 ; cattle, =1/6 ; hogs, 459. 

Blooming Grove township — Automobiles, 6 ; horses, 390 ; cattle, 707 ; 
hogs, 942. 

Laurel township — Horses, 332; cattle, 441; hogs, 1,300. 

Metamora township — Automobiles, 2; horses. 301; cattle, 521; hogs, 

Butler townshii>— Horses. 453 ; cattle, 781 ; hogs, 684. 

Ray township — Automobiles, 2; horses. 504: cattle, 1,034: hogs, 751. 

Salt Creek townshi[T — Horses, 335; cattle, 739: hogs, 621. 

Posey township) — Automobiles, 6 : horses, 293 ; cattle, 423 ; hogs, 655. 

Mt. Carmel (corporation) — Automobiles. 3: horses, 38; cattle. 4; 
hogs, 16. 


Oldenburg. (c(>q)(ir;iti(jn; — Horses, 39; cattle, 13; hogs, 27. 

Rrookville (corporation) — Autcjiiiobiles. 26; horses, r.051. 

Laurel (corporation) — Automobiles, 3; horses, 45; cattle, 13. 

Cedar Crovc ( (■f)ri)oratio!i ) — Automobiles, 3; horses, 21; cattle, 28; 
hogs, 13. 

Total — AutomoiMles. 116; horses, 7,207; cattle. 13. 20^: hogs. 21.411. 
Value of automobiles in cdunty as listed, ^43,270; horses, $655,180; cattle, 
$381,442: hogs, $105,308. 

The assessed valuation of all lands in Franklin county in 1895, accord- 
ing to the county reports, was as follows : Value of all unimproved land 
in the county, $14.78' per acre, as ])er assessed valuation report; on all im- 
proved lands within the county, $17.28 per acre. It is somewhat lower ac- 
cording to recent reports. 

Farmers' institutes have been doing a good work of late years in this 
county, but the rule is that they are not attended as-they should be or nearly 
as much interest manifested as in other sections of the state. There is too 
much of a tendency to plant and cultivate just as was done by "grandpa and 
great grandpa" scores of years ago. The farmer who does pay attention to 
modern, scientific agriculture and stock-breeding is the successful farmer of 
the county. 



The following is a list of the i)hysicians who have from time to time 
been in active practice in Franklin county. The county records as to physi- 
cians do not go back very far, and the incompleteness of the records of the 
County iVledical Society makes it a diiTicult task to give an absolutely com- 
plete list, but the sul)joined list covers the larger number of the practicing 
physicians of late years, with a fair percentage of those who were physicians 
hereJn the earlier years of the county's history. The dates denote the years 
of coming to the county, and. since about i8.S'i, the dates on which they 
registered in the clerk's office, as prescribed by law : 

Averdick. H. G.. was here in iS68: regular school; deceased. 

Anness, William R., Colter's Corner, i8Si ; Bath. 1897; eclectic; de- 

Allen. Irwin O.. Metamora, 1898. 

Abbott, Jime, Oak Forest, 1881; AVhitcomb, 1897; eclectic. 

Bush, J. E.. 1819. Brookville. 

Berry, George, 1832; at Brookville, 1881 ; regular; deceased. 

Bradburn, practicing in 1831 ; at Laurel. 1882. 

Boyd, in 1831. 

Boyd, John, Laurel. 1882. 

Berry, William LL, in practice in 1868; in Brookville. 1831 ; regular; 

Brenshaw, 1868. 

Buckingham. Springfield. 1882, Brookville. 1897; regular. 

Bertenshaw. Drewersburg. 1882; eclectic. 

Batzner, IMartha LL. Cedar Grove. 1882; midwife. 

Beall, C. H., Clarksburg, 1883: regular. 

Best. William P.. :\It. Carmel. 1888; Brookville. 1S99; eclectic. 

Cogley, T. J.. 1836. 

Caster, William, 1847. 

Chitwood, George R., at Scipio. 183 1 : regular; deceased. 

Cleaver, John, 1882; regular; deceased. 


Coffee, Bert, Andersonville, 191 5; eclectic. 

Conner, Thomas H., Metamora, 1881 ; regular; deceased. 

Cup{), IJuena \'ista, 1881 ; Metamora, 1882; regular. 

Clawson, Joseph C, Cedar Grove, 1906; regular. 

Cramer, Paul, Brookville. 1911 ; regular. 

Crookshank, E. D., i84[. 

Curtis, F. A., 1840. 

Carter, Calvin, l!r(jokville, 1S97; regular; deceased. 

Davis, John B., 1839: regular: deceased. 

Donough, O. H., here in 1S76; regular; deceased. 

Dillman, Lurton D., Brookville, iS'82; regular. 

Donough, ¥. H.. Fairfield. 18S2; regular; deceased. 

Dillman, at Laurel a siiort time early. 

Derx, J., Brookville, 18S2. 

Davis, William H., Mt. Carmel, 1884: regular. 

Duncan, Isaac, Andersonville. 1895. 

Elliott, R. M., Haymond, 1897. 

Ferguson. Z., 1868; regular: deceased. 

Ford, T. J., 1S85. 

Fargo, at Laurel early. 

Forrey, B. F., Bath. 1897; regular; deceased. 

Gayle, 1820. 

Gifford, Thomas, at Laurel, 1882; regular; deceased. 

Garrigues, L D., Cedar Grove, 1897; regular. 

Gifford, S. A., at Laurel, 1915, 1881; regular. 

Gregory, Henry, at Laurel, 191 5; at Laurel, 1884; regular. 

Gillen, early at Andersonville; regular; deceased. 

Gibbs, G. N.. here in 1868. 

Garber, Peter, Blooming Grove, 1899: eclectic: deceased. • 

Hinkley, in county in 1831 ; regular: deceased. 

Haymond, Rufus, 1826, Brook\ille: regular: deceased. 

Hudson, prior to 183 1. 

Hendricks, at Laurel prior to 18S2; regular. 

Haymond R., member Medical Society. 1868. 

Hornsher, D. W., here in 1876, and at Fairfield, iSSi ; eclectic 

Hendricks, J. L., Fairfield, i8<Si : regular: deceased. 

Hammond, Mark. Brookville, 1910. 

Johnson, 181 6. .. 

John, Jehu, Jr., 1821. 


John, Isaac G., 1824. 

Jenkins, E. M., Alt. C'armel. 1822. 

James, Louis A., Mt. Canncl. 1907; regular. 

Johnson, James H., New Trenton, 1905. 

Johnson, , Colter's Corner; regular. 

Kennedy, Thomas. 1831. 

Lewis, T., Alt. Carmel, 1901 ; regular; deceased. 

Logan, R. D., first doctor in Posey township, became circuit judge. 

Lovel, at Laurel in 18 10. 

Linegar. John L., at Fairfield at present; regular. 

Lazenby, J. L., New Trenton, 1881. 

Murdock, George D., Brookville. 1S16. 

Moffitt, Brookville, 1820. 

Morris, B., 1831. 

Marshall, August La Rue, Andersonville, 1905 ; regular. 

Morgan, John O., Springfield, 1897; eclectic; deceased. 

Miller, M. F., practicing in county in 1841. 

Mayfield, C. H., at Laurel in 1S82; regular. 

Mull, P. L., at Oldenburg at present; regular. 

Miller, Michael, early at Fairfield. 

Mann, E. B., Oldenburg, 1882; regular. 

Maddox, F. S., Fairfield, 1S84; regular. 

McElmee, J., Colter's Corner, 1881 ; regular; deceased. 

McGuire, W. W., Metamora. 1897. 

McCammon, J. W.. Brookville, 1901; regular; now at Indianapolis. 

Martin, Lafayette, Metamora, 1897; eclectic; now at Batesville. 

Metcalf, Henry P., Andersonville, 1900; Laurel, 1913; regular: now at 
New Salem, Indiana. 

Monroe, George H., Alt. Carmel. 1905; regular. 
, Mayfield, Charles C, Cedar Grove. 191 2; regular. 

McGuire, \V. H.. member Medical Society. 1868; regular. 

Newton, in Laurel township, 181 5. 

Newton, Dr., at Alt. Carmel; regular; deceased; member of House of 
Representatives 1897. 

Noble, B. S., Brookville. 1S30. 

Orr, J. P.. Andersonville. in the seventies; eclectic. 

Oliver, David. 181 6, at Broolcv-ille. 

Owens, Robert J., Cedar Grove, 1881 ; regular; deceased. 

Patterson, E. L., Metamora, 18S1 ; at Brookville, 1897; regular. 


Preston, A. L., Fairfield, 1913; regular. 

Price, Joseph, 1839. 

Quick, John II.. Ilrcjokville. 1.S4C); nicmljer Medical Society in 1868; 
Brookville, 1882; was county auditor; regular; deceased. 

Rehme, William H., Blcjoniiiii; rjrove, 1881: regular. 

Rayburn, I. AI., Andcrsoiuillc. i88r; regular. 

Rhea, Janies C, Mixerville, 190J. 

Rhodey, D. C, Brookville. 1904; regular. 

Roark, Charles H., Ero«.'kville, 1908; regular. 

Southers, at Laurel in iSSj. 

St. John, early at Fairfield. 

Spillnian, .Xndersonville, 1882; regular; deceased. 

Schum, Charles A., St. Peter's, i88_>; regular; deceased. 

Seal, Frank F.. Whitconih. r88j; .Mt. Cannel, 1897; eclectic. 

Squires, George E., Brookville. i88j; eclectic. 

Simmons, E., Brookville, 1883; eclectic. 

Spillman, I'Vank J., Jr.. Aiulcrsoiu ille, 1897; regular. 

Smith, Lula AL, Aletamora, 1897; eclectic. 

Smith, Andrew J., Alctamora, 1897; eclectic. 

Stoddard, S. P., Brookville. 1907; eclectic. 

Shoemaker. David AI., Brookville, 1904; eclectic; deceased. 

Singhorse, Alar}', Laurel. 1882; midwife. 

Sturdivant. at Laurel. 1882. 

Smith, early at Fairfield. 

Shockey, Doctor, at Hamburg, in the eighties; regular. 

Smith, J. \V., 1841. 

Ticen. W. T., Laurel. 

Timmermann, Huntersville, 1S82; regular. 

Voght, S. ^^'illiam. Oldenburg, 1S98; regular. 

Watson. IL, member of Aledical Society in 186S. 

Wallace, John P.. member of Aledical Society in 186S; regular; de- 

West. James F., Bro<')kville. 1897; regular. 

Whitsitt, S. A.. Aletamora, 1897. 

Williams. Charles F.. Laurel, 1898. 

Westfall, Virgil F.. Laurel, 1889. 

Young, T. Philip, Oldenburg, 189S; regular. 

Zoumer, Elljcrt P., Fairfield, 1899; regular. 




The following is a list of the physicians practicing in Franklin county 
in the spring of 1915 : 


School of Medicine. 

Patterson, E. L., Regular, 

Bertenshaw, Regular, 

Buckingham, Regular, 

West, J. F., Regular, 

Garrigues, I. D., Regular, 

Glaser, E. M., Regular, 

Lucas, J. W.. Regular, 

Seals, Frank E., Eclectic, 

Squiers, George, Eclectic, 

Metcalf, Carter, Allopath, 

Mull, P. L., Regular, 

Voght, S. William, Regular, 

Gififord, Samuel A., Regular, 

Gregory, Henry, Regular, 

Ticen, W. T., Regular, 

Linegar, John L., Regular, 

Preston, A. L., Regular, 

Cramer, Paul, Regular, 

Johnson, Regular, 

Coflfee, Bert, Eclectic, 



















Cedar Grove. 

Colter's Corner. 


Here, as in many counties in every state in the Union, there have been 
medical societies organized, conducted for a time, gone down and re- 
organized, lasted for several years and then again gone down, to rise no 
more. In Franklin county there have been several such attempts at countv 
medical societies, but at this time there is none. 


The oldest dentist in Brookville is Dr. i\I. C. Armstrong, who came 
to this town in 1S75 '^"d has been in continual practice in the county for the 


past forty years. The next oldest dentist in jxjint of service is Dr. J. E. 
Morton, who was superintendent of the town schools from 1876 to 1881. 
Doctor Morton has been j)racticinj^ his profession in Brookville since 1884. 
Dr. C. E. Case is next in point of service here. The youngest dentist in 
the town is Dr. Charles S. Glaser. who has been in Brookville since July, 
1914. The only other dentist in Franklin county is Doctor Ross, of Ander- 
sonville. Among other dentists who have practiced in the county are Drs. 
John Keeley, Frank Fay, John Herron, P. H. Hutchinson and Gray. 



There were seven counties organized in Indiana Territory at the time 
the War of 1812 opened, namely: Knox, Clark, Dearl)<jrn, llarrrson, Jeffer- 
son, Wayne and Franklin. It is fair to presume that there were enlistments 
from each county in the War of 1812, but, unfortunately, Tranklin county 
has retained no record of the men who went from this county. There were 
in the county at that time a number of Revolutionary soldiers, but whether 
any of them served in the War of 1812 is not known. In fact, the military 
history of Franklin county up to the time of the Mexican War is more or 
less obscure, due to the fact that public records, as well as newspai>ers, are 
not available. 

The Indians were still sufficiently numerous in 1812 to give much un- 
easiness to the settlers of Franklin county, and, in order to protect them- 
selves from possible attacks, the citizens erected at least twelve blockhouses 
at different points in the county. In addition to the blockhouses, there were 
many of the early log cabins built with the idea of making them easy to de- 
fend. Overjetting upper stories and portholes were provided, but, so far as 
local history records, there was never any occasion for the Franklin county 
settlers to use either their blockhouses or fortified cabins. However, there 
are undisputed instances where the Indians murdered early settlers in the 
county. Undoubtedly the best account of these early troubles with the In- 
dians is to be found in an account written by the late William McClure ("died 
June 24, 1882), an early settler of the county and a man who had the abilitv 
to observe things and write graphically of what he saw. The historian is 
glad to avail himself of I\Ir. ]McClure's account, which, with a few altera- 
tions, is given as he wrote it : 

"When the White Water valley was first settled the Indians were peace- 
ably disposed, and many an Indian traded his pelts at the thriving little vil- 
lages of New Trenton and Brookville as late as 1816. At the opening of 
the War of 1S12 the Indians began to be hostile and committed several depre- 
dations upon the settlers, with the result that the people began to build block- 
houses and prepare their cabins for defense. There was a blockhouse about 
one-half mile above Johnson's Fork and another, built bv Conrad Savior, 


three miles and a half bcl<ju JJruukvillc, on White Water, one-half mile east 
of where the Little Cedar thurth stands. There were several others erected 
on the West I'ork of White Water, a few on the East Fork, as well as one 
or two on Pipe and Salt creeks. The settlers near Metamora built a block- 
house known as the Mount blockhouse. There is an old house on my farm 
(two and one-half miles north of Brookville, on the East Fork of White 
Water) which has two portholes in it, made by Benjamin McCariy, who 
owned and lived on the place at that time. I suppose if an Indian had come 
in range of his gun he would have been in danger, for he was a dead shot 
of a deer. There were five blijckhouses in Laurel township and three in 
Salt Creek township. 

"I will try to describe the fort at the mouth of Little Cedar, w-here we 
freqently had to go on the alarm of Indians. It was a square, containing 
from a quarter to half an acre, and with a blockhouse at each corner. The 
outsides of the blockhouses, at a distance of seven feet from the ground, pro- 
jected about three feet farther than the under part of the buildings. The 
upper story had a platform on which to stand, with portholes above and be- 
low for rifles. The building v.'as well chinked with wood so as to be bullet- 
proof. There was a ditch about three feet deep dug from one blockhouse to 
another and puncheons, ten or twelve feet long, well set in the ditch so as to 
break the joints. A strong door in this enclosed palisade completed a struc- 
ture which was capable of holding; at least five hundred people, as well as a 
considerable amount of live stock 

"During the progress of the War of 18 12 the people around this block- 
house fled to it more than once ttpon hearing that the Indians were in the 
vicinity. Probably the recognized strength of the palisade was such that the 
Indians felt that it would be useless to attack it ; at least, the Indians never 
ventured to make an assault on the sturdy little fort. However, there were 
several persons killed by the Indians up and down the White Water during the 
War of 18 12. Just how many met their death in Franklin count\- there is no 
means of ascertaining. Two men, by the name of Stafford and Toone. were 
killed one night while burning brush on Salt creek. It happened that there 
were some turkey hunters on West Fork, who brought the news back to 
Brookville, and were so excited that they reported the Indians had broken 
loose and were killing CA-erybody in the western part of the county. Bv the 
time the news got down to the neighborhood around the blockhouse at the 
mouth of Little Cedar, it had undoubtedly been distorted until the frig-]itened 
settlers were ready to believe that all the Indians in the Mississippi valley 
were about to make a descent upon them. 


"Our neighborhood was soon collected in the Little Cedar blockhouse, 
and John Clayton and one or two more volunteered to go to Brookville that 
night and ascertain the truth about the report. They returned in the morning 
with word that it was a false alarm. 


"The murder of Stal'ford and Toone led to the killing of Killbuck, an 
Indian, who was a prominent figure in Laurel and Salt Creek townships for 
jnany years. The lirewater of the palefaces was sufhcient to put the Indian 
in a bellicose mood, and at such times he was liable to cause trouble. Ab(jut 
1817 Killbuck was at the town of Somersett and had imbibed rather freely of 
whisky. About the time he got warmed up properly he met Hugh Brison, 
and, stepping up to him, gave him a resounding whack on his back and said : 
'Damn you, Brison, I could have caught you by the moccasin string when you 
were running through the tall grass.' In saying this, Killbuck was referring 
to the time immediately following the killing of Stafford and Toone. Kill- 
buck was one of the three Indians who was implicatcrl in this dastardly deed. 
The other two Indians were killed by the whites who set out after them, and 
this statement of Killbuck's was the first intimation that the settlers had 
which connected Killbuck with the deed. 

"Killbuck, however, was destined to live a while longer. By 1S20 all 
the Indians were gone from this section of the state except Killbuck. who 
lingered around his old haunts in the Brison neighborhood in Laurel town- 
ship. One day the old Indian urged Hugh Brison to accompany him to an 
adjoining farm south of the Brison farm. Brison made several excuses, but 
finally consented, and the two started off. Meanwhile, John Bri son's father 
had overheard the whole conversation and resolved to keep watch of their 
movements. They soon reached a piece of woods and Killbuck began pick- 
ing a quan-el with Brison and made a movement to take the gun from his 
shoulder and shoot. The elder Brison rushed up. jerked the weapon from 
the Indian's hand and knocked him down with the butt of it ; tliey then took 
away his knife and tomahawk and turned him adrift, while they returned 
home. Killbuck started off in another direction through the woods, and. after 
traveling some distance, sat down on a log at the foot of the hill to mature 
new plans for revenge. 

"Cornelius Brison, still another member of the family, had followed the 
party later, and he resolved to put an end to the trouble by beg-inning at the 
root. He took a course which he thought would bring him across the Indian's 
path and followed it to the top of the hiil, expecting to see the Indian come 


in sight. He placed himself behind a tree and waited a short time, when he 
chanced to look down one side of the hill, and there sat old Killbuck on a 
log. A moment later, and the Indian tumbled off 'with a grin.' He was 
buried the following day on the spot where he was killed, and no doubt the 
community rested easier with the old savage under the sod. 

"We had men of those days who did not run worth a cent. Among 
them were Abel and David Webb, Samuel Logan, Stephen Goble, John Staf- 
ford, John Clayton, Elliott and Arch Herndon, Ben and Patrick McCarty, 
Isaac Fuller and some others whom I do not remember. These men were 
old hunters and were always on the alert for marauding Indians. Several 
companies of soldiers were sent by the territorial government to attack the 
Indians in the central part of the state, and by 1813 the territorial authorities 
had the Indians so cowed that they gave the settlers little trouble after that 

'Tt has already been mentioned that there were no definite records show- 
ing the part that Franklin county settlers took in the War of 1812. It is 
known, however, that Elliott Herndon had command of a riile comijany. 
which was frequently called out and did good service. A company of mounted 
rangers was raised on Whitewater and enlisted by the government for two 
years' service. This company of rangers was used for defense against the 
Indians in the White Water ^■alley and was under the command of Frederick 

"I recollect witnessing several drafts, which were done b\- some move- 
ment while the men were in line or platoon. The lucky ones would go out 
and serve a tour, which scarcely ever exceeded a week, and then they were 
exempt until the company had all served a tour. (The historian presumes 
that Mr. McCIure means that the "some movement" refers to the selection of 
the men by lot.) 

"The last Indian I ever saw in the county was in about 18 19 or i8_^o. 
William W^est, James Stucky and myself had been to Brookville and when 
we got as far a? Riley Woodworth's we met two Indians there wanting to 
see Woodworth about a horse trade he had made with them. They alleged 
that he had cheated them, but Woodworth was not to be found. Mrs. Wood - 
worth and the children were dreadfully frightened and had sent to her father, 
Henry Newkirk, a heavy-set man about sixty years of age, who lived near 
Woodworth's. on the hill. We soon saw him coming down the hill as fast as 
he could. He had on a pair of heavy stog}- boots — about the first there had 
been in the country. I thought he ran very strong, but not fast, and made a 
great deal of noise with his boots, and was out of wind. He walked right into 



one of the Indians, without any ceremony, and down went Mr. Indian. The 
latter soon got out of the old man's clutches and was up and drew a large 
knife and flourished it about. West and Stucky interfered to prevent blood 
being spilled on the occasion. The Indians soon left, and I never heard 

whether they got the trade back with Woodworth or not. 

"There are numerous stories of Indians and their relations to the white 
settlers during the early hi.stor\- of the county, but many of them are of a 
doubtful or uncertain character. Such stories are common to ever}'- locality on 
the old frontier line, and Franldin county, having two Indian boundary lines 
running through it, possessed its share of Indian stories." 


It is impossible to know how many Revolutionary soldiers have lived 
in Franklin county at one time or another, although a report, published 
some time between 1834 and 1S40, of the pensioners of that war who were 
residents of the county, shows that there were thirty-two living here at that 
time. How long they had lived here and where they were living at the time 
of their death the historian has been unable to discover. The list of thirtv- 
two is given as it appears, although there is reason to believe that there were 
other Revolutionary soldiers living in the county at the time. It does not. of 
course, include those who had lived and died in the county: 

Name. Pension. State. Date Pensioned. Age. 

Alley, Samuel $ 20.00 Virginia March 4, 183 1 74 

Amburn, Samuel 40.00 Virginia Alarch 4, 183 1 80 

Brees, Timothy 96.00 New Jersey ■March 4, 1818 75 

Brown, Timothy 96.00 New Jersey June 2, 1S18 72 

Burchtield, John 52.66 No. Carolina ^larch 4, 183 1 69 

Colyer, John 39-66 \'irginia ^March 4, 1831 78 

Cooksey, Zachariah ~--33 Virginia jNIarch 4, 1831 74 

Cotton, William 60.00 No. Carolina March 4, 183 1 S6 

Curry, Thomas 80.00 Virginia March 4, 1831 j;^ 

Deakins, James 20.00 Virginia IMarch 4, 1S31 Si 

Dickinson. John 96.00 Virginia Dec. 15, 1829 80 

Eads, Henry 80.00 Maryland March 4, 183 1 So 

P'loyd. Abraham 35.55 New Jersey :March 4. 1831 qi 

Fordyce, Henry 80.00 New Jersey March 4. 1831 ';-2 

Fordyce. James 23.33 Virginia March 4, 1831 j2 

Griner, Peter 26.66 New Jersey March 4, 1831 93 


Name. Pension. State. Date Pensioned. Age. 

Guffy, James 136.66 Pennsylvania March 4, 1831 86 

Logan, William 25.88 So. Carolina March 4, 183 1 68 

Mann, John 20.00 Massachusetts March 4, 183 1 82 

Masters, John 96.00 Virginia July 28, 1819 84 

Myers, Jacob 96.00 Xo. Carolina July 19, 1819 90 

Nithercut, William 96.00 So. Carolina October 6, 1823 74 

Reynolds, Joseph 37-43 ^o- Carolina Alarch 4, 183 1 73 

Sims, William 28.33 Virginia March 4, 183 1 70 

Slicer, Lucas 50.00 Pennsylvania March 4. 1S31 75 

Smith, Richard 96.00 Virginia Oct. 14, 1818 — 

Smith, Richard 100.00 Virginia March 4, 183 1 72 

Templeton, Robert 23.88 No. Carolina March 4, 1831 75 

Trusler, James 20.00 Virginia March 4, 1831 79 

Van Winkle. John 80.00 Virginia March 4, 1831 81 

Vincent, John '_ 55.00 Virginia March 4, 183 1 78 

Wiggins, William 20.00 Pennsylvania Marcli 4, 1831 72 

The Franklin Comity Historical Society has endeavored to locate the 
burial places of all Revolutionary soldiers in the county. It is known that 
the following veterans of the struggle for independence are buried in Frank- 
lin county: 

Job Stout — Died February 28, 1833, ^ged seventy years; buried in Big 
Cedar cemetery. 

Andrew Shirk, Sr. — Died Januar\' 14, 1829, aged seventy-five years; 
buried in Big Cedar cemeteiy. 

David Gray — Died December 27, 1839, aged ninety-two years: buried in 
Bath township. 

Joseph Seal— Died September 3, 1S34, aged ninet}--six years; buried in 
Springfield township. 

Benjamin iNIcCarty — Died August 16, 1837, aged seventy-eight years; 
buried in Brookville township. 

Lemuel Snow — Died September 3, 1S34, aged sixty-six years: buried in 
Snow Hill cemetery. 

John Vincent — Born August 24, 1750: died January 5, 1837: buried on 
the farm now owned by Harry AI. Stoops on land he entered in 1806. section 
19, township 9, range 2 west. 

John Masters — Buried in Fairfield township. 

John Mann — Died April 30. 1849. '-^^ -he age of ninety-nine years, and 
was buried in White Water township, at Otwell chapel. 


Robert iraiiiia, who came to this comity in 1804, hved in I'airfield town- 
ship, but is buried in the Sims cemetery in Union county. 


James H. Speer served in the War of 1812 and was under General Hull 
in Detroit when that general surrendered the city, August 16, 1812. Speer 
was kept a prisoner by the British until the close of the war, and after his 
release returned to Cincinnati. He followed the carpenter's trade for two 
or three years, then entered the book trade, and in 18 19 built the first pai>er 
mill in Cincinnati. He followed this line of business until 1834, wiien he 
came to Brookville and established a paper mill, wliich was in continuous 
operation for many years. He was born in New Jersey, July 27, 178G; lo- 
cated in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 181 1; came to Brookville in 1834, and died in 
the latter place November 21, 1863. 

Other soldiers of the War of 18 12 who are buried in the county are as 
follow : 

Jeremiah Fowler — Died April i, 1835, aged thirty-si.x years. 

David Smith — Died August 7, 1844. aged sixty-two years. 

Samuel Shirk — Died September 5, 1859, aged sixty-seven years. 

Philip Jones — Died August 27, 1864, aged seventy-live years. 

William F. Taylor— Died May 23, 1873, aged eighty-nine years. 

Daniel Morford — Died November 25, 1876, aged eighty-two years. 

James Conwell — 

John Malone — Died at the age of ninety years. 

George W. Kimble — Died January 28, 1881, aged eighty-four vears. 

Spencer Wiley, who w-as one of the most prominent citizens of Brook- 
ville for many years, was appointed an ensign by Governor William Henrv 
Harrison. April 10, 181 1. On June 13, 1813. he was commissioned captain 
of a company in the Third Regiment of Indiana Militia. His daughter. 
IMary \\'iley, of Brookville, has in her possession his cominission signed bv 
Governor Thomas Posey. Mr. \\^iley was a member of the state Legisla- 
ture. 1845-46, and again in 1857-58. He was also a memlicr from Franklin 
county in the con.stitutional convention of 1850-51. 

In the Indiana American of January 21. 1S70, there appeared a list of 
pensioners of the War of 1812. The following appear from Franklin 
county: William Wilson, Laurel; Daniel ^^lorford. Whitcomb; T. P. Case. 
New Trenton; C. W. Burt. Laurel: Carlton Taylor. Whitcomb: George 
Crist, Vv'hitcomb; James Ware, Laurel; Theodore Hulmock, Laurel: Ruth 


Brysoii, Laurel; Ijallard \\'i!,-,(.n, Metaniora; lilizahctli Elwell, Laurel. These 
names were attached tu a petition asking Cunsi^ress for the pa.ssage of a law 
to increase the pension of all veterans of the War of 1812 and their widows. 
There was at least one soldier who fought at the battle of Tippecanoe, 
Noveml)er 7, iSii, wdio later located in l-'ranklin county and spent tne re- 
mainder of his life here. This was Hugh West, the grandfather of Hugh 
West, a veteran of the Civil War and a resident of Brook\-ille at the present 
time. He came from Virginia and returned to that state at the close of the 
War of 1812. In 1827 he came to Franklin county, and died in Brookville 
township in 184J. He is buried on Little Cedar creek in that township. 

THE MILITIA PERIOD, l8 I 6- 1 846. 

When the forty-three men wdio made the constitution of 181G came to 
the question of providing military protection for the i>eople of the infant 
state, they planned to have all of the men of the state capable of bearing 
arms organized into companies, regiments and brigades. At that time three- 
fourths of the state was still owned and occupied by the Indians and it was 
essential to the welfare of the state that ample provisions be made for the 
protection of the settlers. After the state was organized the legislature took 
cognizance of the need for protection and various laws were passed year by 
year to provide proper security against the Indians. 

Within one year after the state was organized, Franklin county had 
raised a company, which was attached to' the Sixth Brigade of the Third 
Division. The names of some of the ofticers of these early militia companies 
have been preserved, and the following list contains many of the most promi- 
nent men of the county in their day: 

Robert Hanna, brigadier-general of Sixth Brigade. Third Division. 

Noah Noble, colonel of Seventh Regiment. 

Conrad Saylor, major. 

Miles C. Eggleston, aide-de-camp. 

Thomas Brown, colonel of Sixteenth Regiment. 

John Miller, lieutenant-colonel. 

David Erb, major. 

David Oliver, colonel of Seventh Regiment. 

Thomas Carter, inspector. 

The following captains have been found in the record: Jesse Clements. 
William Chilton, John Br}'son. Jonathan McCarty, Isaac Fuller. Andrew- 
Shirk. James McKinney. Robert Faucett, Samuel Lee. John Dutilap. Edge- 


hill Burnside, David Carr, John IHynn, William B. Rose, W'illiain Bucet. 
Jacob Sailor, Richard Biacklidj^e, Thomas Clark, Edward Brush. 

The following- men served as lieutenants in local militia companies: Mar- 
tin McKee, Thomas Winscott, Alexander Gardner, James Abercrombie, John 
Hackleniaii. Powell Scott. Joim Hiday, Thomas Water, Geort,^e Rudicel. Tim- 
othy Ellison, William Jones, James Smith, Jolin Xewlaiid, William Nichols, 
Thomas A. R. Eaton, Robert Nng-ent, John I'eter. 

Ensigns of the early militia companies included the followincj: James 
Dixon, Henry A. Reed, William Maple, William Goldin,:.,^ Peter Brackin. 
Joseph Moore, Jacob P'aucett, Elisha Clark, James Peter, Ji^hn Adams. Peter 
Vandike, Benjamin Gully, Enoch Wright, John Brown, William Davis, 
George Cline. 

Although there were plenty of the early settlers of Franklin county who 
were willing to fight, there were some who were conscientiously opposed to 
the bearing of arms. In the early history of Indiana it was provided by 
statute that persons opposed to military service were to be exempt from jkt- 
forming military duties upon the payment of a certain stipulated sum. On 
February 29, 1820, there was returned to the commissioners of Franklin 
county by Lieut-Col. John ^Miller, of the Sixteenth Regiment of Indiana 
Militia, a list of such persons as had indicated their opposition to military 
service, presumably on account of religi(His scruples. Upon the filing of 
these names the commissioners ordered that each person so exempted be re- 
quired to pay a tax of four ditllars, the same to be collected by the .-.heritt of 
the county. It seems frum tiie record that Samuel Ritter and Menrv Elkin- 
berry were assessed only two dollars, but no reason is assigned for this reduc- 
tion in the tax. The list is here given in full as it appears upon the record: 
Samuel Howell. Jacoli Maxwell. Samuel Ritter. Samuel Kingery. John Whit- 
tier. Henry Elkinberry. John Richardson. Jonathan Hudelson. Caleb Wicker- 
sham, William Maxwell, Christojjher Furnice. Aaron Stanton. \\'illiam Tol- 
bert, Eothan Stanton. Isaac Cook. Jr.. Isaac Cook. Sr.. Zimri Cook. William 
Bird. Ezekiel Hollingsworth. ITi Henderson. Isaac Gardner. William Gard- 
ner. William Pierson, Joseph Cook, Thomas Maxwell. Thomas Swain. Rich- 
ard Tolbert, Thomas Gardner, Paul Gardner, John Hay worth. Joel Hav- 
worth and William Lewis. 

The old militia system which was established by the Legislature early in 
the history of the state was continued without much change until 1S31. Bv 
1828 an official repiMt of the adjutant-general slates that there were sixtv- 
five regiments, which were organized into eighteen brigades, with a total en- 
rollment of forty thousand officers and privates. In 183 1 the Legislature re- 


vised the militia laws of the state, but froin that time forward interest in 
local militias ^M-adually died out. In 1832 the adjutant-general reported fifty 
thousand nine hundred and thirteen officers and privates. That as late as 
1833 Franklin county was still devoted to the idea of keeping a local militia 
company is shown iiy tiie fact that in that year notices were run in the local 
newspapers concerning- the companies in Franklin county. In order that fu- 
ture generations may have s.ome idea of what regimental orders meant in 
those days, the following is taken in its entirety from the Rrnokvillc En- 
quirer of February 22, 1833: 

"regimental orders. 

"The 7th Regiment I. M. will take notice that the following persons 
have been by me appointed the Regimental Staff, to be obeyed and respected 
as such, viz : 

"Surgeon, John Davis; surgeon's mate, George Beny; Adjutant, Sol- 
omon Williams ; Quarter Master, Allen Backhouse ; Paymaster, James Clem- 
ents ; Judge .\d\ocate. Robert I'^ausette : Sergeant Major. William T. Beeks ; 
Quartermaster Sergeant, John A. Matson ; Provost Marshall, Morgan Roop; 
Foragemaster, William Sliolts; Drum ^Nlajor, Philip Rudicil ; Fife Major, Asa 

"Musters for 1832 as follows: 

"ist Battalion at David Mount's, Friday, May 3. 
"2nd Battalion at Isaac McCarty's, Saturday, May 4. 
"Regimental at Brookville, Friday, October 4. 
"Drill, Friday and Saturday, April 5-6, at Brookville. 
"Court of Assessment, First Monday in November. 
"Court of Appeals, First Monday in December. 

"It is expected that all pri\ate3 will appear armed at each of above [Mus- 
ters — in case; of failure, the law will be rigitlly enforced. The officers must 
appear in the uniform prescribed for this Regiment and will be particular in 
noting the delinquences in their respective commands. 

"All that part of the company commonly called Brookville Company, 
east of the West Fork of White Water is attached to Captain Clary's, and 
that part west of said river to Captain Alley's company, of which all concerned 
will take notice. 

"Bex. Sed. Noble, 
"Col. 7th Regt. I. M." 



Holidays were few and far between in the early days of Indiana, but 
there was one day in the year toward which old and young looked forward 
to with pleasant aniicipatiun. It was muster day — the day on which the 
local militia donned their uniforms, shouldered their muskets and side arms 
and paraded before an admiring populace. The law required all able-bodied 
men between the ages of eighteen and forty-five to muster at least once a 
year, and from reports which have come down through the children of these 
patriotic citizens it seems that muster day was the one big day of the 
year. Regimental musters were held in the spring or fall, and owing to 
the fact that the county had several infantry and cavalry companies, it 
was necessary to provide drill or parade grounds. One was near Vandyke's 
tavern on the old Holland road on the farm owned by John R. Goodwin. 
The other parade ground was located at ^^letamora. The general muster, 
which by law must be held once a year, brought forth all the men of 
military age in the county. Absence from the drill on this particular day 
was followed by arrest and the assessment of a fine. In writing of this 
general muster day the late T. A. Goodwin pictured it in the following 
interesting manner: 

"They came on horseback, on foot and in wagons ; the old came and the 
young. They came partly to see the muster, partly to see each other, but 
chiefly to eat ginger bread and drink cider, beer or something stronger, 
and some to engage in regular annual fist fights. The column was usually 
formed on or about the public square in Brookville, then unfenced, and 
thence marched into the bottom, down James street to the residence of 
Judge McKinney ; thence north to the open ground between the tan yard and 
the mill. There were then no houses in that part of town. The infantry 
and other uniformed companies led in the march ; then followed the great 
unwashed, the 'flat-foots/ which constituted the finest possible burlesque 
on military movements. Men with all kinds of hats, or no hats at all, 
hundreds of them bare-footed, most of them in their shirt sleeves or at 
best with linscy wamuses, some with canes, some with hoop-poles, some 
with com stalks, some with fence rails ten feet long, sometimes four 
abreast and sometimes ten; some sober and some drunk — and thus they 
marched. Ludicrous as this inust have been, yet it constituted a muster in 
the eyes of the law. 

"The companies were dismissed soon after reaching the parade grounds, 
much to the relief of the uniformed companies, which then spent an hour 


or two in drilling. The disbanding ui the 'great unwasherl,' as the cornstalk 
militia was called, was the signal for an attack upon the gingerbread wagons 
which had stationed themselves all over the bottom. So great was the 
attendance upon these days that the gingerbrearl merchants o£ Brookville 
were not equal to the occasion of satisfying the rapacious ajjpetites of the 
multitude, and dealers in the ginger commodity frcjm far and near resorted 
to Brookville and also reaped a har\est. It was said that at one muster, about 
1826 or 1827, one of these gingerbread dealers sold a half a cord of his 
famous brown pastry. It would be interesting to know just how this gin- 
gerbread was made, but the reccipe for this delicious confectitni has been 
lost with other valuable records. However, some mathematical statements 
concerning it have been preserved. It was sixteen inches square and an 
inch and a half thick, with lines deeply sunken dividing the whole cake into 
four equal parts. These were respectively sections and quarter sections, 
and the country beau or big lirother who could march up with his own sister, 
or somebody else's sister, and invest a quarter in a section of ginger cake, 
with another (juarter in cider or spruce beer. u>ually secured the right to take 
that sister to singing school for the next twelve months at least, as against 
a rival who had not treated the sister in a similar manner at the general 

"My recollection is that most of these wagons usually handled whisky 
as well as cider and beer. There was no lager beer in those days and tem- 
perance laws were unknown. Whisky retailed at fifteen cents a quart and 
some of those old cornstalk soldiers could drink several fifteen cents' worth 
in a day. By noon on this eventful day the fist fights began, and from 
then on until the day was over individual combats were waged on every 
side. More blood was shed in this way than was ever spilled by the militia 
in the performance of their duties." 

And so it continued until the latter part of the thirties wdien the interest 
in the local militia practically died out. No effort was made to keep the 
companies full and the men equipped according to the law. The Indians 
had disappeared : England was no longer to be feared and consequently 
there did not appear to the hard-headed Hoosier that there w-as any necessity 
for spending sd much time in drilling and parading. During the Alexican 
War the Legislature passed an act putting an end to the local militia, and 
the muster days became a thing of the past. 



The Mexican War was bruuy^lit about by the annexation of Te.vas to 
the United States in 1845. ^" '<^3^^ Te.xas had declared her independence 
from Mexican rule and from that time until 1845 it was trying to induce 
Congress to annex it to the L'nited States. The immediate cause of the break 
between the l'nited States and Mexico was a dispute over the territory 
between the Rio Grande and Nueces rivers, a strip about one hundred miles 
wide. In the spring of 1^4'^) the L'nited States sent General Taylor to the 
frontier of Te.xas and when he crossed the Rio Grande it amountecl to a 
declaration of war on the part of the United States. With the shedding of 
the first blood, the President of tlie United States issued a call for volunteers, 
and as soon as this was known in Indiana the Governor of the state 
immediately began to raise the quota assigned to the state. 

On May 22, 1846, Governor Whitcomb issued a call for volunteers, and 
in the Indiana American of ]May 29, 1846, the Governor's proclamation is 
graced with a flaming eagle and the words : "Polk, Dallas, Texas and 
Victory." The Governor first called for three regiments of volunteers and 
Franklin county took immediate steps toward raising a company. On Tues- 
day evening. May 26, a large number of citizens of Brookville and vicinity 
met at the court house to discuss the question of raising a local militia com- 
pany. Doctor Kennedy was called to the chair. William Robeson was 
appointed vice-president and James X. Tyner officiated as secretan,-. William 
M. McCarty was delegated to prepare a set of resolutions, and he performed 
his duty faithfully, as is evidenced l\v the eleven resolutions which he read 
before the meeting. The whole tenor of the resolutions were to the eftect 
that Franklin county was enthusiastically in favor of the war and that its 
citizens were ready to shoulder their arms and fight. Before the meeting 
closed a committee «)f eleven citizens, one for each townshi]), was appointed 
to receive the names of volunteers. The committee was as follows : Brook- 
ville, William M. McCarty; White Water, J. B. Campbell: Springfield. A. 
Boyd; Bath. William Bake; Fairfield, Dr. Crookshank; Blooming Grove. 
Dr. Miller; Laurel, H. D. Johnson: Posey, John H. Farote: Salt Creek. 
Reuben Flawkins ; Ray, Sanford Hutchison: Highland, B. Cottrell. 

Before the meeting closed Dr. Berr}- offered a resolution that Franklin 
county "be requested to appropriate the sum of ten dollars out of the countv 
treasury to each of the first ninety-three citizens of this countv who shall 
volunteer and muster into the servdce of the United States in the manner 
directed bv the irovernor of the state." 


It is to be noted that according to the Governor's proclamation, "All 
the volunteers are to furnish their own clothing, serve twelve months, 
must be between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, and while engaged 
in actual service they shall be subject to the rules of war." Privates received 
eight dollars a month and the pay ranged upwards through tl'.e various 
ranks to the captain, who received forty dollars a month. It is interesting 
to note the clothing which each volunteer had to furnish. It was as follows : 
Dress cap, forage cap of glazed silk, uniform coat, woolen jacket, two 
pair of woolen overalls, cotton jacket, three pairs of cotton overalls, two 
flannel shirts, two pairs of drawers, four pairs of bootees, four pairs of 
socks, leather or silk stock, great coat, linen fatigue frock, blanket. The 
official notice concerning the equipment says : "No more clothing is necessary 
and inspecting officers will see that volunteers are not overloaded with 
baggage." A company such as Franklin county hoped to raise consisted of 
one captain, one first lieutenant, one second lieutenant, four sergeants, four 
corporals, two musicians and eighty privates — a total of ninety-three men. 

By the first of June Franklin county was endeavoring to raise two 
companies. On June 5, the Indiana American reported that McCarty's 
company was nearly full and that Captain Sullenberger's company was fast 
filling up. C. F. Clarkson, the editor of the American, seemed to have been 
a bellicose individual himself. An editorial in his paper of June 5th. said : 
"We believe two companies will be easily raised in' this county. The 
American office is contributing to the rank and file of our gallant army; 
two or three of our journeymen have already left for the seat of war and 
two or three more want to go. The editor has enrolled his name and will 
soon be on his way to Mexico, full of war and cabbage." 


On Monday, June 8, the first Franklin county company, called the 
Franklin Guards, was organized with the following officers : William 2^1. 
McCarty, captain; John B. Campbell, first lieutenant; John E. ^Meyers, second 
lieutenant. They immediately tendered their services to the Governor and 
were instructed to collect at Brook ville. Sunday evening, June 14. to be ready 
to go to New Albany early the next morning. There were no railroads 
then and the men were taken by canal packets to the Ohio river and thence 
down the river to New Albany, where they were ordered to report. On 
leaving, the Franklin county boys were escorted to the canal boat by prac- 
tically the whole population of Brookville, and just before the boat started. 


Mr. Johnson, in behalf ot the town and county, bid them farewell in a short 
and appropriate speech. When the company reached Harrison they were 
presented with a Hag- by the ladies of that town. 

It was known in Brookville by tiie lime the American came out on 
June 19, that the LVankliu Guards were the thirty-first company organized 
in the state, and, since the Governor had only called for thirty companies, 
the Franklin Guards would not get a chance to be mustered in unless someone 
of the thirty companies failed to put in an appearance at New Albany. 
As soon as it was found out that the thirty companies had already been 
raised, Captain Sullenberger ceased all exertions to complete his company. 

In the issue of June 26, 1846, the American says that the Franklin 
Guards had been disbanded as a company. Many of them returned home, 
while other enlisted in other companies. There appears to have been some 
politics mixed up in the refusal of the Governor to accept the company from 
Franklin county, or at least the editor of the American seemed to think so. 
"We have no doubt that our company was outrageously treated by the 
Governor. We Iiave been told by a distinguished Democrat of this con- 
gressional district that lie was in the secretary of state's office when the offer 
of the Franklin Guards arrived at that office — and that it was the twenty- 
eighth company. But it was pushed over to make way for some favorite." 

There evidently was some tnith in the charge that the Franklin Guards 
should have been accepted. The American of July 3 has a long article 
from John M. Meyers, who was second lieutenant of the local company, 
and later a member of the Columbus Company. He maintains strongly, vio- 
lently and even profanely that "W^hitcomb is the damndest rogue of all 
and so universally despised is he here that each soldier thinks 
it is his duty to insult him." Twenty of the Franklin county boys joined 
Captain Boardman's company from Columbus, and ^McCarty, who had been 
elected captain of the local company, enlisted as a private in the same 
company. Later, McCarty was elected lieutenant-colonel of the Second 

No roster has been found giving tlie names of the ninety-three men 
who composed the Franklin Guards, due to the fact that they were never 
mustered in as a company. However, as has been mentioned, several of 
the Franklin county boys enrolled in other companies, and in a letter of 
John M. Meyers, dated July 28, 1846, and appearing in the American on 
the 4th of the following month, he gives their names. At that time Meyers 
states that none of the Franklin county boys in his regiment, the Third, are 
missing. Andrew Berrv, John B. Gilmore, Robert Harper, Willis ]Moore 


axid a few others have been sick, but were on the way to recovery. The total 
number of the FrankHn county boys in the Third Regiment was as follows: 
William M. McCarty, J. C. Burton, Robert Harper, Willis Moore, Thomas 
V. Kimble, Peter Headrick, Andrew Berry, Orville Dyer, Henry H. Green, 
R. W. Lane, T. F. Reardon, William Landfair, J. B. Gilmore, J. C. Wilkin- 
son, John Pludson, Henry Smith, Alexander Eads, John Miller, J. M. 
Conrad, Lewis Fedderman and John ]\1. Meyers. 

Michael Batzner was another Franklin county recruit in the Mexican 
War and after his return took an active part in politics. He was elected 
sheriff twice and later filled the office of county treasurer. Before the 
expiration of his term he absconded with thirty thousand dollars of the 
county's money and fled to Canada. 

Alfred Stoops, an uncle of Harry ^L Stoops, of Brook villc. ran away 
from home to enlist in the Mexican War. He was killed at the battle of 
Monteroy and his father later secured his bounty of one hundred and si.xty 
acres in Howard county. Indiana. Other I'Yanklin county volunteers in the 
Mexican War were Lawrence \\'ertz. GcoriL^^e Fetty rmd Charles W. Seymour. 

In a letter dated September 6, 1846, J. M. Meyers reported to the 
American that four Franklin county boys, John ^Miller, Willis Moore, 
Andrew Berry and William I^^ndfair had been discharc^ed for disability. 
The editor of the American announced in his issue of November 6, 1846, 
that J. M. Meyers had lately been promoted to the rank of a ser<;-eant-major. 

The first Franklin county soldiers reported as wounded in the columns 
of the American are noticed in the issue of April 9. 1847. Jo^*" C. Burton 
lost an arm at the battle of Buena Vista and Orville Dyer was slightly 
wounded in the same engagement. 


On April 24, 1847, Governor Whitcomb issued a call for an additional 
regiment of ten companies. As soon as the news of this call reached 
Franklin county, A. W. Sullenberger made an attempt to raise a company 
of eighty-four men. The pay had been raised to ten dollars a month and, 
as an additional inducement for enlistments, one hundred and sixty acres of 
land was offered, "to be located by the volunteer or by his heirs at any 
land office of the United States." At the same time John B. Campbell made 
an effort to reorganize the Franklin Guards and called upon all of the 
patriotic young men of Franklin county "who felt like repairing to the 
newly-made graves of our g^allant countn'men who have fallen in battle.'' 


It appears that Governor Whitcomb accepted a regiment before Franklin 
county could enroll a company, l-'rom the tenor of the letters appearinj^ in 
the local papers from the seat of war, there does not seem to have been 
much love for the Governor among the volunteers from Franklin county. 
This dislike for the Governor will fully account for the difficulty in 
organizing' another company in Franklin in the spring of 1847. A very 
interesting statement is noticed in the American of June ii, 1847. George 
W. Kimble ran a card in this issue announcing his candidacy for the office 
of recorder of Franklin county and states that "the proceeds of the office 
he hereby pledges to his son, Thomas V. Kimble, a minor, now serving his 
country in the army in Mexico." Most of the FVanklin county volunteers 
returned to Brookville Monday, July 5, 1H47, and of the twenty who were 
in the Columbus (Indiana) company all returned on that day except T. F. 
Reardon, J. C. Wilkinson, Alexander Eads and Lewis Feddermann. 

In the fall of 1847 Governor Whitcomb issued a call for another 
regiment of troops for service in Mexico. Major John M. ]Meyers, of 
Brookville, began to raise a company as soon as he heard of the new 
requisition. He had about forty names on his roll when he ascertained that 
those companies would be first accepted which contained the largest number 
of old volunteers. Since Franklin county only had twenty men in the 
war up to this time, who had returned, there did not seem to be any chance 
of having a Franklin county company accepted. Hence, Major Meyers did 
not put forth any further efforts to complete a company. In speaking of 
the war and the part which I'Vanklin had played in it thus far, the editor of 
the American on September 10, 1S47, said: "The fates appear to be against 
the brave spirits of old Franklin, who wished to serve their country and win 
glory and renown. Had there been any chance for ]\Iajor Meyers' company 
he could have had it nearly full by this time. We believe, with exertion, 
two or three companies could be raised in this county at once. We feel a 
little proud of the patriotic feeling in our community and of the determina- 
tion to avenge our countr\''s wrong." 

The American reported in its issue of October 29. 1847, ^^^^ John M. 
Meyers had been elected major of the Fifth Regiment of Indiana \'olunteers. 
This regiment left ^Madison on October 25-27, 1847. ^'^^ the seat of war. 
There were some recruits from Franklin county in the Fifth Regiment, but 
their names have not been found. In addition to those of the Third and 
Fifth Regiments, Franklin county furnished a number of men for the 
Texan Rangers, a troop of cavalry which was recruited from southern 
Indiana and Ohio. There were also Franklin county boys in the regular 


army. An officer of the United States army opened a recruiting office in 
the Yellow Tavern, which stood on the site of the present jail. 

Dr. George Berry left Brookville April 8, 1847, to assume the duties 
of surgeon of the Sixteenth Regiment of United States Infantry. He was 
first stationed at ]\Iontcrey and later had charge of the Ceralvo ("Mexico; 
hospital, where he remained until the close of the war. 

It seems appropriate to close the discussion of the Mexican War with 
a picnic — or an account of one at least. On July 13, 1847, an all-day picnic 
and big dinner was given in Butler's Grove adjoining Brookville in honor 
of the veterans of the Mexican War who had just returned to their homes. 
Unfortunately, the issues of the local papers for that week are missing, but 
it is fair to presume that it was a most enjoyable occasion. In addition 
to the soldiers of this county, those from adjoining counties had been asked 
to attend. As far as is known, Alfred Stoops is the only Franklin county 
volunteer who lost his life on ^Mexican soil. 


On Sunday morning, April 14, 1S61, the streets of Brookville were 
filled with people discussing the fall of Fort Sumter, which had taken place 
the day previous. It is doubtful whether a more solemn Sabbath had ever 
befallen the United States. I'or more than a decade there had been threats of 
disunion, but no one really believed that the South would ever openly rebel 
and secede — but the fall of Fort Sumter was conclusive proof that the long- 
exj)ected break between the North and South had finally come. To tell in 
detail the storj' of Franklin county and the part it played in the Civil War 
would take more space than could be given to it in this work. 

In writing this part of Franklin county's history the historian has three 
different sources from which to draw his material, namely : the veterans 
still living, Adjutant-General Terrell's report and the files of the newspapers 
of that period. The Grand Army of the Republic at Brookville has given 
every possible assistance in furnishing data and has rectified manv of the 
inaccuracies of Terrell's reports. Unfortunately, one of the best sources of 
infonnation is not available. The newspapers — the American and Doiiocrat 
— are missing for the Civil War period, with exception of the Democrat 
from May 31, 1861, to August 7, 1863. This means that there is no local 
accountof the opening or closing of the Avar, and furthemiore deprives the 
historian of being able to give an intimate view of the war from a local 


In many counties in the state there was much strife and bitter feehng 
between the Repubhcan.s and Democrats and I'rankhn cuunty passed through 
some trying times poHticaUy. There is no question but that the Democratic 
party in b'ranklin county was very loyal to the Union cause, at least a 
spirit of loyalty is found in the Democrat until the fall of 1863. ^^'Ilat tlie 
sentiment was after that date is not known, since the hies of the pajxjr arc 
missing from that time until 1866. 

As soon as President Lincoln's call for volunteers was received in 
Brookville, C. B. Bently, the editor of the Democrat stood upon a chair in 
front of his printing office and read aloud the proclamation. On Saturday, 
April 20, Dr. Samuel Davis, of New Trenton, a cousin of Jefferson Davis, 
President of the Southern Confederacy, drew up a paper calling f(^r volun- 
teers and left it at the law office of Holland Ik Binckley. On die following 
Monday morning John C. Burton, who lost an arm in the Mexican War 
at the battle of Buena Vista, took the paper and started to enroll men. The 
first man who signed the roll was George IMcCoy Sleeth, a compositor in the 
Democrat office. It may be said in passing that Sleeth served over four years 
in Company C, Thirteenth Regiment, and died in Indianapolis, July 15, 1S95. 

The enrolling continued during the following week and on Saturdav. 
April 27, a rousing Union meeting was held in the court house for the purpose 
of encouraging enlistments. Speeches were made by prominent citizens and, 
irrespective of parties, great enthusiasm was manifested. There A\ere large 
delegations from various parts of the county and Metamora sent a large 
crowd down by boat. After the meeting closed a tall hickory pole was 
drawn up over the fire wall of the court house and run out through the 
scuttle in the roof of the tower. A large flag was suspended from the pole 
and there it waved until the war closed. The next day, Sunday, April 28. 
the volunteers attended the senices at the Methodist church in a body and 
the pastor. Rev. W. W. Snyder, delivered an appropriate semion. On die 
next m.orning, April 29, 1861, the first company of soldiers left Brookville for 
the war. 

This company was called the Franklin Guards in remembrance of the 
company of that name which had tried to be mustered in at the opening 
of the Mexican War. The captain of the company was John C. Burton. 
The other officers were as follow : Edmund Finn, first lieutenant ; Tames 
Rothrock. second lieutenant: John A. Smith, third lieutenant: George Clay- 
pool, orderly sergeant. The privates include the following: George Z^IcSleeth. 
Theodore Reifel. C. Clay Hutchinson, Thomas Castle. Adolphus Winans. J. 
R. Posey. E. L. Powers. John Fowder. William Hadley. Ezekiel Washburn. 


William Bell, George M. Chapman, Thomas Chapman, Jesse Wilshire, 
Preston Gates, John J. Reid, Joseph B. Davis, Richard W. Reid, William 
Sheppard, James G. Howland, William F. Winans, Joseph Alagoon, Thomas 
Conley, John Conley, John Burkhardt, M. Richard, John Rogers, Conrad 
Kernel, F"rank Fogel, J. C. Searle, William H. Skinner, James Conley, A. J. 
Posey, Henry Hartman, W. T. Jones, Adam Felz, Joseph Cook, Oscar A. 
Becks, M. Sattlcr, Fred Ulrich, F. M. Chamberlain, James C. Bernard, W. C. 
Rolf, John Walters, J. L. Bilderbloom, Hczekiah Chapman, Enoch George, 
William Stewart, A. M. Lawson, John H. Lapp, Sineas Ryman, Martin 
Warner, T. A. Kleinard, Michael Fogel, Benjamin M. McCarty. James 
Castle, A. Koehler, C. C. Kirk, H. B. Sheppard, Charles Link, Oliver Car- 
penter, Hiram Tucker, Richard Weston, John H. Gifford, J. G. White, F. 
M. Faurote, James Harry, Josiah Hires. Richard Jenks, Thomas Weston, 
Thomas G. Morow, Perry Williams, Simpton Smith, M. Garmichael, Andrew 
K. Stout, W. H. Davis, Alfred Doughty, S. J. Cronner, J. D. George, Daniel 
Utsler, G. W. Burris, John McCann, Frank Longsley, David Campbell, 
Henry Eradburn, John McGuire, Henry Amerein, Andrew Hueth. A. J. 
Bordman, George H. Thomas, G. A. McGloskey, William H. Ee?t, G. F. 
Johnson. Charles M. Royer, H. H. Guppy, David T. Hadley. Holt- 
slider, J. K. Proctor, Andrew N. Smith. G. E. Shafer, John M. ZvIcXeely, 
George Moton. W. D. Pursel. R. W. Scudder, W. W. Andre. James Br}-3on. 
The women of Brookville presented each member of the Franklin 
Guards, just before they left town, with a bible. ^Mrs. ^Morrow made the 
presentation speech Monday morning. April 28, 1861. On that same morn- 
ing they were loaded into big wagons, hauled to Sunman's Station and 
remained there until they proceeded to Richmond, Indiana, where thev went 
into camp for drilling purposes. 

Lincoln's first call. 

The President first made a call for seventy-five thousand troops for 
three months' service, and Indiana's quota was six thousand. Indiana had 
furnished five regiments for the ^Mexican War and consequently the first 
regiment of the Civil War was the sixth. The state responded so quickly 
to the Governor's call for troops that the Franklin county company did not 
get mustered in with tlie first six regiments. The state's quota was filled and 
mustered into the service on April 27, the day before the Franklin counts- 
company left Brookville. . 

There were so many companies oflfered the Governor that he decided 
to organize six state regiments, the same to be numbered from twelve to 


seventeen and to be mustered in for one year only. These troops were held 
by the Governor witli the expectation that they would soon be called for by 
the President — and the call soon came. On May 1 1, 1861, the President 
issued a call for three-year troops, and, although the six state regiments 
had been mustered in only for one year, yet the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fif- 
teenth and Seventeenth readily volunteered for the three-year service with 
the exception of a few hundred. Those who did not wish to serve for the 
three years were discharged and returned home. The other two state regi- 
ments — the Twelfth and Sixteenth — remained in the state service until July 
18, 1861, and were then mustered into the United States service for the 
unexpired portion of their one-year service. These two regiments were 
later reorganized for another year's service. 

As has been stated, the Franklin Guards did not get into camp soon 
enough to be enrolled in the first six regiments, but were later organized 
into parts of the state regiments. Part of them were assigned to Company 
A of the Thirteenth Regiment and the remainder to the Sixteenth Regiment. 

The Franklin Guards were not a unit in deciding to enlist for three 
years, but finally most of them joined either the Thirteenth or Sixteenth 
Regiments. Companies A, B, C, D and E of the Thirteenth Regiment con- 
tained Franklin county recruits. Company A contained 2"/, with four 
ofificers, as follows: William H. Skinner, first sergeant; John L. Gilderbloom, 
second sergeant; Peter Franzman, Amos W. Batson and Joseph C. Jaques, 
corporals. Company B had four privates from this county. Company C 
went into the Thirteenth Regiment with its full complement of officers : 
Captains John C. Burton and James C. Rothrock, the former being pro- 
moted to major; First Lieutenants Edmund Finn, James C. Rothrock and 
Alfred Dawdy; Second Lieutenants, James C. Rothrock, .Alfred Dawdy, 
William Jones and Theodore Langsdorf; Corporal George M. Sleeth. In 
addition to these officers there was one private in Company C. There was 
one private in Company D. three in Company E and one in Company H. 

According to the record there were only eleven men from the countv 
who enlisted in the Sixteenth Regiment, two in Company D in the vear 
service and two in Company A in the three-year service. In addition there 
were seven unassigned recruits in the three-year ser\-ice. IMany of the men 
in both the Thirteenth and Sixteenth Regiments re-enlistd upon the expira- 
tion of their term of service. 

The Eighteenth Regiment was organized and mustered into the service 
at Indianapolis, August 16, 1861, with Thomas Pattison as colonel. David E. 
Adanis was commissioned adjutant October 25, 1862, and resigned June 25, 


1863. Company F was recruited in and around Metaniora and during its three 
years' had the follown,, oftkers : Captains, Peter C. Woods Uorge \V . 
Kimble Peter D. Pelser and Edward Vount; hrst heutenants, Ceorj,^e \\ . 
Kimble', John L. Lowes, Peter D. Pelser. Edward Young; ^'^^'^-'^ "^^T!"^ 
David E. Adams. John L. Lowes, Peter D. Pelser. ^'^^^^f'^^ 
sergeant, John L. Lowes; sergeants, Francis M. Evans, P'^"^'" J^/J^^^^' 
Wihiam Gramradd and Abner Lee; corporals, David Campbell. W.lham U 
Sanders, John Treinor. James Holland. Abraham B. Lowes. George \V ^ 
Philip John W. Speer and Joseph J. Rickets; musicians, Aaron Conlm and 
George Foster; wagoner, George W. Bull. In addition to the above named 
officers Franklin county had sixty-six privates m this company. 

The Twenty-first Regiment was organized and mustered into tlic serx ice 
as an infantrv or-anizati(Mi fur three years at Indianapolis, July 24, 18G1, 
with James W. McMillin as colonel. There were a few Franklin county 
volunteers in this regiment: Three in Company K. three in Company M and 
nineteen unassigned recruits. John B. Davis, of Brookville. wa= mustered 
in this regiment as assistant surgeon. 

The Thirty-second Regiment was the first German regiment organized 
in the state and was made possible through the e.xertions ot August W ilhch 
a distinguished officer of the German Revolution of 1848. It was organized 
at Indianapolis and Willich was mustered in with it as colonel on August 24. 
1861 It was sent into Kentucky and fought all the time m the South, 
closin- its career with in Georgia. Immediately alter the capture 
of Atfantan the non-veterans were returned to Indianapolis and mustered out 
September 7 1864. The three Franklin county volunteers m this regiment 
were Christian Ellerman (Company A). Joseph Freihage (Company B). 
and William J. Hahn, who was commissioned captain ot Company I, May 
II 1863 Both of these men enlisted October 20, 1862, as recruits in their 
respective companies and upon the reorganization of the Thirty-second they 
were transferred to a residuarv battalion of four compames and placed in 
command of Lieutenant Hans Blume. Upon the return of the army to 
Tennessee this battalion was left at Chattanooga, where it remained on duty 
until June. 1S65. It was then taken to New Orleans, where it remained 
until the latter part of 1865. 

The Thirty-fifth Regiment was the first Irish regiment and was 
organized at Indianapolis and mustered in on December 11. 1S61, with 
John C Walker as colonel. The regiment was taken to Kentucky and 
later transferred to Nashville, Tennessee. It fought at Stone's River and 
then participated in the engagements around Chlckamauga and then joined 


Sherman in his advance on Atlanta. After the battle of Kenebuw Mountain 
the Ihirty-fifth continued iiglitinj^ in Georgia until after the battle of 
Atlanta; it then returned to Tennessee and fought at Franklin and Xash- 
ville. In June, 18O5, 't- ^''^ i't^'it to Te.xas, where it remained on duty until 
September, when it was mustered out. Franklin county had a total of 
forty-five men in the Thirty-tifth scattered through five different companies. 
There were eighteen in A. twelve in U, iive in C, seven in E, and three in K. 

The Tliirly-sevenlh Rci^inicnt was organized at Lawrenceburg, Sep- 
tember 18, 1861, with George W. Hazzard as colonel. Franklin county had 
nearly two complete companies, B and G. in this regiment. Thomas \'. 
Kimble was commissioned major of this regiment August 14, i86j, and 
John R. Goodwin was commissioned assistant surgeon. .September 22. 1861. 
Franklin county had one man in Company A. James Coulter, rir^t lieutenant 
Company B only had three men in it who were not enrolled in Frankli. 
county. The captains of Company B were Thomas \'. Kimble and Robert ^^ 
Goodwin; first lieutenants, Robert M. Goodwin and William H. Wilkinson; 
second lieutenants. William H. Wilkinson and Jacob W. Stoner. John 
McCoy and Daniel S. Sliafer were captains of Company G; A. F. Allen, B. 
S. Shafer and W. H. Baughman. first lieutenants; I). S. Shafer and W. H. 
Baughman, second lieutenants; J. M. DeArmond, first sergeant; W. H. 
Baughman, A. S. Lee, John S. Hetrick and J. S. Clenck-nning, sergeants : J. 
W. Bartow, John M. Gray, P. M. Gray. J. J. Hinds. Peter Keen, Samuel R. 
Bayles, Oliver B. Baker and Samuel B. Rowe. :\Iusicians, John H. Fo;c 
and Samuel C. Shields. All of the privates in Company G were enrolled in 
this county. This regiment was mustered out in October, 1S64, and later 
five veteran companies and tlie remaining recruits were consolidated into 
two companies known as A and B detachment of the Thirty-seventh Regi- 
ment. Franklin county had thirteen men in Companv A and thirty-six 
in Company B of the reorganized regiment. 

The Forty-fifth Regiment (Third Indiana Cavalry) was organized at 
different times. Six companies were originally organized for the Twentv- 
eighth Regiment (First CavalrvO ' at Madison. August 22. 1861. These 
companies had been sent to Virginia at once and there they were joined 
on October 22, i86r, with four companies which had been organized in 
September and October. In December. 1862, two new companies were 
organized and added to the regiment. The regiment was composed of what 
was known as the right wing, con-^isting of Companies A. B. C. D. E and 
F, and the left wing, consisting of Companies G, H, I and K. The first six 
companies operated in Virginia and the left wing was sent into Kentucky. 


The Other two companies, L and M, remained at Indianapolis for nearly a 
year and then were transferred to the eastern part of Tennessee and united 
with the left wing-. The right wing- fought in many of the most severe 
eng-agements in the East and was tinally mustered out of service August 7, 
1865. Tlie casuahties of these si.x coni[)anies totaled six hundred and five 
men. The left wing participated in the battles of Murfreesboro, Missionary 
Ridge and in all of the engagements fought by Sherman in his march 
through Georgia. While at Savannah the remainuig veterans and recruits 
were consolidated with the Eighth Indiana Cavalry. From that city this 
regiment followed Sherman north through the Carolinas and was mustered 
out at Lexington, North Carolina, July 20, 1865. Franklin county liad at 
least one member in Company L, John M. Colescott ; four in Com])any M, 
John Batzner, Alfred H. Lawson, Samuel .Spidle and John Stewart. Among 
the unassigned recruits were George S. Golden, who was mustered in Sep- 
tember 18. 1863. and discharged with his company August 7, 1865. 

The Fifty-second Regiment was partially organized at Rushville and 
marched to Indianapolis, where it was consolidated with the Fifty-si.xth or 
Railroad Regiment. The regimental organization was perfected during the 
first week in February, 1862, and on the 9th of that month it appeared before 
Fort Henry, Tennessee. Franklin county was well rej^resented in this regi- 
ment, having volunteers in Companies B, F, G and H. There were six 
privates in Company B. There were seventy-two in Company F, including 
fifty-four privates and eighteen commissioned and non-commissioned officers. 
A. J. Ross was commissioned captain of this company October 3, 186 r. and 
resigned January 19, 1863. Salem M. Shumway was the first lieutenant, re- 
signing his commission April 17, 1862. Edward A. Boaz was the first second 
lieutenant. John E. Swarts was first sergeant; Charles White. John G. 
Cowan, W. H. Houston and S. C. Cramer, sergeants; Early Burk, Orange 
Ryan, William E. W^ilson, J. L. Grinstead. Jabez Smith, Louis Gilbert. 
George W. Osborn and Thomas D. Monroe, corporals; Lewis Lawrence 
and William I. Wilson, musicians ; wagoner, James Pruett. Companv G 
had five privates. Company H had forty privates and five non-commissioned 
officers. Frederick Deike, of New Trenton, was captain of this company, 
and John P. T. Davis, second lieutenant. 

The Fifty-seventh Regiment was recruited from the fifth and eleventh 
congressional districts, mainly through the efforts of Rev. J. W. T. McMuUen 
and Rev. F. A. Hardin. It was mustered into the service November 18, 
1861, at Richmond, Indiana. Franklin county had eight men in Company 
G of this regiment and all of them enlisted as privates from Fairfield. 


The Sixty-eighth Regiment was recruited in the fourth coiigresbional 
district, and organized at Greciislnirij under tlie superintendence of iJenjamin 
C. Shaw, formerly major of the Seventh Indiana and heutenant-colonel of 
the Sixty-eightli upon its organization. The regiment was mustered into 
the service at Indianapolis August 19, 1862, with Edward A. King as colonel, 
and at midnight of the same day it started for Louisville, Kentucky. Prac- 
tically all of its service was in the South and it was mustered out at Nash- 
ville, June 20, 1865. Franklin county had more men in this regiment 
than in and other recruited in this county; Brookville at this time had one 
hundred five men at the front out of two hundred thirty voters. Three com- 
plete companies, officers and privates were recruited in the county, C, G 
and H. Edmund Finn was commissioned major of this regiment November 
6, 1863, promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel November 15, 1863, and 
mustered out with the rank of major. Edwin W. High was commissioned 
adjutant of the regiment January i, 1864, and mustered out as commissary 
sergeant. Three successive quartermasters of this regiment came from 
Brookville, namely: Augustus D. Lynch, E. W. Willis and William H. Remy. 
Dr. L. W. Hodgkins, of Fairfield, was commissioned assistant surgeon 
August 19, 1862. Company A had twelve non-commissioned officers and 
privates. Company C was made up entirely from Franklin county. Its com- 
missioned officers were as follows : Captains, William 11. Smith and Richard 
L. Leeson; first lieutenants, R. L. Leeson, John Reese and John R. Ken- 
nedy; second lieutenants, John Reese, Moses H. Kibbe, John Burkhardt and 
Isaac C. Worden. Company D had two from this county, John Francis 
and Jefferson E. Trimbly. Company G was composed entirely of Franklin 
county recruits. The commissioned officers were as follows : Captains, 
Lawrence V. C. Lynn and George W. Clayjxjol; first lieutenants, George W. 
Claypool. Joseph R. Clarke and Oliver B. Hoisted; second lieutenants, 
Austin Webb, Joseph R. Clarke, C. B. Moore and A. R. R\Tnan. Company 
H was also composed entirely of Franklin county volunteers. The com- 
missioned officers were as follows : Captains, Edmund Finn and F. M. 
Wilkinson; first lieutenants, Francis M. Wilkinson, E. H. Case and John 
M. Davis; second lieutenants, L. W. Buckingham, E. H. Case and Shadrach 

Edwin W. High, of Metamora, was asked by the Sixty-eighth Indiana 
Veteran Association to write the history of this regiment, and issued in 
1902 a volume of more than four hundred pages covering everv phase of 
the career of this regiment. This volume has the reputation of being one 
of the best regimental histories ever published in the state and reflects great 

30O frank;. IN cocnty, indiaxa. 

honor upon its author. Franklin county is glad to claim Mr. High as one 
of its sterling citizens, lit was born in Buck's county, Pennsylvania, in 1841, 
and removed to Aietamora, Franklin county, Indiana, in 1852. On August 
6, 1862, he enlisted as a private in Company C, Sixty-eighth Indiana; 
app(jinted orderly sergeant on January 3, 1864; appcnnted commissary sergeant 
of the regiment on March 18, 1864; promoted to the rank of first lieutenant 
and adjutant of the regiment on .May 20, 1864. However, the regiment being 
reduced below the number required for the muster of a colonel, he was not 
mustered into the rank to which he had been appointed. 

In June, 18C4, he was i)]aced on detached duty as a clerk at Chattanooga 
and served there until March 4, 1865. Later he was detailed for duty as 
clerk in the war department at Washington, I). C, and ordered to rcjiort to 
Major-General Steedmau in the held. He was assigned to duty as clerk in 
charge of the court-martial records of the district of Etowah, in which 
capacity he sensed until June 11, 1865. In 18^6 he accepted a position as 
inspector and ganger in the United States internal revenue department, and 
in the following year removed to Louisville, Kentucky, to accept a position 
in United States service, and was soon given the position of chief of the 
registered letter division, Lonisxille postoftice. In :8C8 he began the study 
of law^ in the office of Hon. James Speed, attorney-general of the United 
States under President Lincoln, which he continued for over three years. 
In 1871 he was married to Mary D. Banes, of Metamora, Indiana, who ' 
died in September, 1890. He was engaged in constant practice as a lawyer 
until his death. 

The Fourth Cavalry (Seventy-seventh) Regiment was organized at 
Indianapolis, Augtist 22, 1862, with Isaac P. Gray as colonel. On the com- 
pletion of its organization the aspect of afifairs became so threatening in 
Kentucky that the regiment was divided, four companies being sent to Hen- 
derson under command of John A. Platter and the remaining companies 
to Louisville, whence they were ordered into the interior of Kentucky. The 
regiment fought in Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Alississippi and Alabama, 
and engaged in many of the severest engagements of the war. It was 
mustered out at Nashville, Tennessee, June 29, 1865. Franklin county 
had forty-two privates and two officers in Company B of this regiment. 
William H. Bracken was commissioned first lieutenant Augxtst 2, 1S62, and 
mustered out with this rank with his regiment at the close of the war. John 
P. Wilson was commissioned second lieutenant August 2, 1862. and resigned 
his commission February 27. 1S63. The non-commissioned officers of Com- 
pany B included the following: Henry H. Blackman. sergeant: Hu<^h 


West, (luartcrniaster-ser-^'cant ; Leis^li 11. Hamoiid, Gc-or},'e W. Xeunian and 
Ignatius L. Koehler, corporals; Lewis F. Roycr, bupler. There were forty- 
two privates in this tumi)any : James .\hhf)tt, John 1'. IJohe, WilHani Baker, 
James \V. Bell, William II. Berry, J(jseph M. Clark, John B. Cook. William 
Castle, Thomas A. Conle_\-, k(jhert J. Cain, ('"rank I )ietenhach, Charles M. 
Davis, Cassins Dearmond, William l'"o.t,de. h'rank I'ox, John Ca.tjle. Henry 
Gibcke, Peter (ierher. Jiulson Hayes, Andrew J. Heasom, Henry Hartman. 
Ezra Keeler, William Kceler. William 1'. Knight, John Cackcy. (ieorge Mon- 
roe, Clinton Misner, Samuel Roe, Henry A. Risk. William W. Rohert.son, 
Powell Stant, RoI)ert M. Stoops, William J. Stewart, Obadiali Stevens, John 
A. Thalheimer, Parkt-r Tappen, Shelby Utsler. Jf;hn L'tslcr. 1-aiah L'tslcr, 
James R. Williams, Louis Wagoner and John C. "S'oung. 

The Eighty-third Regiment was organized at Lawrenceburg in Sep- 
tember, 1862, with Benjamin J. Spooner as colonel. The organization was 
composed of nine companies of volunteers for three years and one company 
of drafted men. The latter was discharged from service at the expiration 
of nine months from November 15, 1862. Shortly after it was mustered in, 
the regiment was sent to Memphis, Tennessee, and during the rest of 1SO2 
and until the fall of Vicksburg, July 4, 1863, the regiment was fighting 
around that strongliolcl. After the fall of Vicksburg the regiment was tran.s- 
ferred to Chattanooga and fought in the great battle at Missionary Ridge, 
Novmeber 25, 1863. T'ollowim,'- this ilie regiment went with Sherman in his 
campaig-n until he reached Atlanta, and then turned and moved northward 
in pursuit of Hood. After driving the rebel commander into northern 
Alabama the Eighty-third returned to Atlanta and remained with Sherman 
until he reached Savannah. It then followed him northward through the 
Carolinas and after the surrender of Lee and Johnson marched to Wash- 
ington, D. C, where it participated in the Grand Review, May 23-24. 18^5. 
The regiment was mustered out June 3, 1865, after having traveled four 
thousand miles by land, eighteen hundred miles on steamboat and four hun- 
dred eight-five miles by rail — making- a total of six thoiisand two hundred 
eighty-five miles traveled during its term of service. During its career the 
regiment was under actual fire for more than two hundred days. Franklin 
county had recruits in four companies. D, E, H and K. Company D had 
ten nine months' privates from this county: Joseph Doerflein, ^lathew Her- 
bert, Bernhard Floelscher, Flenry "Mackc. John Meyrose. Theodore Moor- 
mann, Anthony Rahe, Balthasar Roell, Henry Wintering and Frank Zeh. 
Company E had one private, Peter H. Huber. Company H had three 
privates, Henry Hensler, Lewis Etter and Herman Weighmeier. Company 


K enrolled a total of forty-eight men from this county, including officers and 
privates. The officers of this company were as follows : Captain, John M, 
Cresswel; first sergeant, Wilbur F. Hilt; second sergeants, William H. 
Keeler, John Mixer; corporals, Recompence Carter, Joim \V. Feighan, John 
H. Kramer and George W. Abraham; musician, Dennis R. Sizelove; 
wagoner, Patrick Dugan. The privates of this company were as follows: 
Patrick H. Coleman, Michael Doherty, Aaron C. Fry, James A. Harrell, 
Peter Huegel, Michael A. Jacob, Joseph Kopp, Nathan Martin, Frederick 
Meyrose, Lyman B. Reynolds, Moses Rariden, Daniel K. Smith, William 
Stech, John Siefert, Philip Schwegler, Frank Schlosser, Lewis W. Woodrutt, 
Jesse M. Woodruff, Frank Wagoner, Conrad Wagner, George Wilhelm, 
Anthony Weber, Frederick Wachsmann and Anthony Wobbe. 

The Fifth Cavalry ( Xmetieth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers) was 
organized at Indianapolis in August and September, 1862. Four companies 
were mustered into the service in August, five in September and three in 
October. The companies were divided and several of them were sent to 
the southwestern part of the state to keep order and quell any incipient 
uprising on the part of the Southern sympathizers. Later, all the companies 
of the regiment united at Glasgow, Kentucky, and during the remainder of 
their time in service fought in practically all of the Southern states. This 
regiment was in twenty-two separate battles, and during the month of 
June, 1864, was under fire every day in the month. It actually marched 
two thousand four hundred miles and was transported one thousand miles 
on water. It captured six hundred forty prisoners, a number equivalent to 
more than half of its own enrollment. Of this regiment thirty-four were 
killed on the battlefield : thirteen died from wounds : seventy-four died in 
the hospital ; one hundred fifteen died in rebel prisons ; seventy-tw'Q were 
wounded in action ; four hundred ninety-seven were captured at various 
times — making a total casualty list of eight hundred twenty-nine. Franklin 
county had two men in Companv C. Sevmore L. Pierce and Austin Mason. 
Pierce was mustered in as first sergeant August 5. 1862. promoted to second 
lieutenant. May 4, 1863, and commissioned captain March 10, 1864. Austin 
Mason, also of Laurel, was mustered in as sergeant August 9. 1S65, and 
was mustered out as a private June 15, 1865. William D. Banvick was a 
private in Company G. 

The One I lundred and Twenty-thirtl Regiment was recruited during 
the winter of 1863-64 from the fourth and seventh congressional districts 
and rendezvoused at Grecnsburg. It was mustered into service March 9, 
1864, with John C. McOuiston as colonel. Nine days later the regiment 


left for Nashville and on llic 4th of April the regiment marched to Charles- 
ton, Tennessee, spending twenty days marching from morning until night. 
It joined Sherman's army in Georgia and remained with him until after the 
fall of Atlanta, when it turned to follow Iluud back into Tennessee. It 
was in tlie battle of Xa>h\ iile and was later taken to Washington, D. C. 
From that city it was taken by water to Fort Anderson, North Carolina, and 
was later sent into the interior of the state to meet General Sherman at 
Goldsboro. The regiment was mustered out of the service at Raleigh, North 
Carolina, on August 25, 1865. When it reached Indianapolis on Septem- 
ber 4 it only had an aggregate of five hundred, rank and file, left out of the 
original thousand men. Franklin county had one hundred and thirteen 
men in the One Hundred and Twenty-third Regiment, divided among Com- 
panies A, B, D, E, G, H, I and K. There were four in A, thirteen in B, 
eleven in D, five in E, two in G, six in H, twelve in I and sixty-five in K. 

The One Hundred and Thirty-fourth Regiment was mustered into the 
one-hundred-day service at Indianapolis, May 25, 1864. Franklin county 
furnished eighty-six privates and the commissioned oftlccrs for Company H. 
The officers were as follows : Captain, Robert Allen ; first lieutenant, William 
H. Jones; second lieutenant, Edward D. Waltz. In Terrell's Report (Vol. 
VII., p. 361) the statement is made that tlicse men were "supposed"' to be mus- 
tered out upon the expiration of their enlistment. According to the records, 
Wilson Morrow, of Brookville, was commissioned major of this regiment 
on June i, 1864, but for some reason, not disclosed, declined the honor. 
This regiment saw service in Tennessee. 

The One Hundred and Thirty-ninth Regiment was mustered into the 
service at Indianajjolis. June 8, 1864, with George Himiphrey as colonel 
This regiment was one of the eight one-hundred-day regiments (numbered 
consecutively from the one hundred thirty-second to the one hundred thirty- 
ninth, inclusive) which were raised in the summer of 1864. As fast as these 
regiments were musrered in they were sent to Nashville, Tennessee, and dur- 
ing their three months at the front guarded railroads in Tennessee. Alabama 
and Georgia for the purpose of keeping open the lines of communication 
used by General Sherman. These regiments all served beyond their one hun- 
dred days and then returned to Indianapolis, where they were discharged 
from their service. Franklin county had fifty-two privates in Company B 
of the One Hundred and Thirty-ninth Regiment and all of the commissioned 
officers. The officers were as follows : Captains. John Colter and Abner Lee ; 
first lieutenants, Allen W. !Monroe, Abner Lee and James Gillespie: second 
lieutenants, Abner Lee, James Gillespie and Jacob P. Blazier. 


The One Hundred and Forty-second Regiment was recruited for the 
one-year service in July, 1864, most of the companies being from the tenth 
congressional district. The regiment was organized and mustered into the 
service on November 3, 1864, with John M. Comparet as colonel. It was 
sent to Nashville, and later followed Sherman through Georgia as far as 
Atlanta, it then returned to 'J"enne>see, fuught in the battle <jf Nashville and 
remained on duty at that city until mustered out July 14, 1865. Franklin 
county had only two men in this regiment, both being members of Com- 
pany I, Corporal Henry Bridge, of Laurel, and Private Jesse Bridge of the 
same place. Both were mustered out with their regiment. 

The One Hundred and Forty-si.xth Regiment was recruited in the 
first, third and fcnirth congressional districts, organized at Indianapolis, 
March 3, 1865. and mustered into the service si.x days later with M. C. 
Welsh as colonel. It arrived at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, on ^larch ir, 
and performed post and guard duty at various places in \'irginia until it was 
mustered out of the ser\-ice at Baltimore, August 31, 1865. Franklin county 
had fifty-seven pri\ates and non-commissioned officers and four commis- 
sioned officers. Thomas C. Shepperd was commissioned quartermaster, Feb- 
ruary 24, 1865. Company A had eight privates, as follows: Walker Bacon, 
James Baker, Samuel Bartlow, Hickman Dean, Charles Hamnian. \\'illiam 
Hamilton, Franklin Smith and James Wilson. Company F had fortv-four 
men from Franklin county. John Burkhardt was commissioned captain of 
this company March i. 1865, '^^^ surrendered his commission on the 27th 
of the following ^Nlay. James A. Rodman was commissioned second lieutenant 
of Company F, June i, 1865. Charles Conner and Charles Washburn, both 
of Metamora, were made sergeants February i, 1865. Thomas Keeler, 
James B. French. William Heineman and Lucius Gates were corporals. The 
privates were as follov; : Rollin G. Adams. Henry Butler. Tames Butler. Tames 
Buckley, John Castle. A. J. Cameron, Frederick Ellerman. Noah Dare. 
George Frederick, John Ferris, Z. L. Ferguson. Amos ^I. Gever. T-'hn Holi- 
day, William Holiday, John Hurley. J. C. Howard, George W. John.son, 
John Kclley, Clarence LaRue, George Mc\Miinney, Wilson ^IcAnnallv. 
Elmore Maguire, James Murray, Lewis Morelock, John ^fcAnnallv, John W. 
Pettycrcw, William Roberts, Jonathan Rusing, Simpson !M. Rusing. John 
G. Schoke, James I\I. Steward, John S. Steward, William Stephens, Henry 
Wolf, George Washingtcm and John A. Wiggans. Companv H had seven 
Franklin county recruits, Second Lieutenant Frederick Hallowell and six 
privates, John 'M. Jaqucs, Samuel Abercrnmbie, Henrv C. Bearslev. John 
A. Liming, John H. Stafford and David Worship. 


The One Hundrcd-Forty-sevcnth Regiment was composed of seven 
companies from the fifth conj^^rcssional district, two from the eleventh and 
one composed of detachments from Benton, Henry and Fayette counties. 
These were organized into a regiment at Indianapolis, ^^larch 13, 1865, with 
Milton Peden as colonel. It was sent into Virginia, and remained in the 
Shenandoah valley until mustered out August 4, 1SO5. Franklin county 
had three privates in Company D, William L. Gilmore, James M. Osborn and 
John Osborn, all from Metamora. William Feffers, of Fairfield, was a 
private in Company E. 

The One Hundred and Forty-eighth Regiment was recruited in the 
sixth congressional district and was mustered in at Indianapolis, February 
25, 1865, with Nicholas R. Ruckle as colonel. It performed garrison duty in 
the central part of Tennessee until it was mustered out of the ser\-ice Sep- 
tember 5, 1865. Franklin county had thirty-eight men in this regiment, 
distributed among Companies A, B and G. The following twenty-three 
privates were in Company A : Wiley Ackman, John W. Boots, Charles Aplin, 
William F. Crouch, Charles M. Cole, Benjamin F. Childs, Martin Glaze, 
John Gray, John Godfrey, Lewis Gordon, John Jackson, Samuel Kaskey, 
Andrew Kirk, Edward Lowey, James S. Monroe, Patrick ^McKinlcy, Lloyd 
Rariden, Decatur Simms, Andrew J. Stephenson, Thomas G. Strue, William 
Stephenson, William T. Snodgrass. William D. Tomlinson and Lawrence 
Willhof. There were four men in Company B, Samuel Danbury, James 
Graves, Frederick Ward and John G. Williams. Company G enlisted eleven 
Franklin county recruits, as follow : John D. Atkinson, John I. Aijrams, 
David H. Abrams, Charles B. Abrams, Peter Bradley, William Craig, James 
King, John I\ fills, Joseph Newton and Jones Tobin. 

The Nineteenth Battery of Light Artillery was mustered into the 
service at Indianapolis, August 5, 1S62, with Samuel J. Flarris as captain. 
It immediately joined the Army of the Ohio in Kentucky and took an active 
part in driving Bragg out of the state. It fought in numerous engagements 
in Kentucky and Tennessee and later followed Sherman to Atlanta. After 
the fall of that city, the Nineteenth Battery pursued Hood into northern 
Georgia, but rejoined Sherman before he reached Savannah. It remained 
with that general until the close of the war, and was mustered out June 10, 
1865. Franklin county had a few men in this batter}-. 

The Twentieth Indiana Batterv' of Light Artillery was organized at 

Indianapolis and mustered into the service, September iq. 1S62, with Frank 

A. Rose as captain. This batteiy first saw service in Kentucky and later 

moved into Tennessee, where it was given charge of the siege guns at Nash- 



ville. Later it was employed in guarding railroads and also did much 
skirmishing- through Alabama and Georgia. It took part in the final defeat 
of Hood's army at Xashville, in Decemljer, 1864. During 1865 it was 
stationed at Chattanooga most of the time until it was mustered out June 
28, 1865. Franklin county had a few men in this battery. 

The Twenty-third Battery of Light Artillery was recruited during the 
fall of 1862 and organized at Lidianapolis, Xovember 8, 1862. From that 
time until July 4, 1863, the battery was stationed at Indianapolis under the 
command of Generals Carrington, Hascall and Wilcox. Its duties consisted 
mainly in aiding the guarding of the rebel prisoners. A part of the Ijattery 
accompanied the Seventy-lirst Regiment to IMonroe, Sullivan and Green 
counties, Indiana, to quell disturbances caused by Knights of the Golden 
Circle. Later the battery was sent into Kentucky and after Morgan came 
over into Indiana, it was sent after liim to this state. After as^iistiiiLT in his 
capture it returned to Indianapolis, where it remained until the fall of 1863. 
In 1864 the battery was sent to Georgia and helped Sherman on his famous 
march to the sea. After the fall of Atlanta it returned to Tennessee and 
in the fall of 1S64 it was taken to \'irginia and from thence to Xortli 
Carolina, where it participated in the last engagement between the Xortliern 
and Sotithern armies in that state. It was mustered out at Indianapolis, 
July 2, 1865. Franklin county had some men in this battery. 

It is difficult to tell how many colored troops Franklin county furni>hed 
the Union army during the Civil War. The names of three — Harrison 
Allen, Nixon C. Cazy and Peter Jones — are listed as being members of the 
Eighth Regiment of United States Colored Troops. This regiment included 
three hundred twenty-seven colored men, all of whom were enlisted from 

In addition to the regiments which have been enumerated as contain- 
ing Franklin county volunteers, there w"ere other regiments in the state 
which had one or more recruits from this county. A number of men from 
this county enlisted in Ohio regiments. W. C. Lynn. Thomas ]\Iarlatt and 
T. C. Shepperd enlisted in the Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantn.- as musicians 
and were mustered out in 1862. It is interesting to note that the first man 
from Franklin county who gave his life for his country was Samuel R. 
John, a son of Robert and Martha John of Broolc\-ilIe. He had enlisted in 
the Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry- at the opening of the war and was killed 
at Middle Fork Bridge in the Rich ^Mountain (Virginia) campaign. John 
was clerking in a store in Ohio when the war opened, which accounts for 
the fact that he enlisted in an Ohio regiment. 



In 1862 C C. Binkley, provost marshal for Franklin county, gathered 
the data for the following- table of the county. This shov/s the number of 
men of militia age in each township, the number of volunteers up to that 
time, the number exempted on account of physical disability, number now 
in service, number subject to draft and the percent, of volunteers credited 
to each township. This table is copied from the Franklin Denwcrat of Sep- 
tember 12, 1862. 













Bath 125 30 17 29 108 21 

Blooming Grove 120 46 32 44 88 t,^ 

Brookville 517 278 107 151 410 38 

Butler 192 50 24 48 168 22 

Fairfield 105 45 24 42 81 34 

Highland 274 28 41 26 233 10 

Laurel 203 117 24 109 179 38 

Metamora 136 109 14 103 122 40 

Posey 137 80 25 67 1X2 37 

Ray 277 31 24 27 253 9 

Salt Creek 130 91 17 88 113 44 

Springfield 276 96 37 92 239 29 

White Water 213 53 26 51 187 21 

2,705 1,054 412 977 2,293 



Ray Township— Bernard Brune, John H. Kreienbaum, J. Kenry 
Rendes, Joseph Freihage, Lewis Stone, Frederick Tormoehle, Joseph Wan- 
strath. Bernard (irissehoi), John Roever, John H. Boe.^geman, Henry 
Klostermann, Henry Rocll, Casper Gaupel, Abraham liilton, Jacob VVcber, 
Mack Schneider, Henry Krenger, Bernard Raab, Joseph Burlage, Antony 
Fischeser, Henry H. Blarikc, Christopher Knabe, Frederick Knapman, Jacob 
Ruber, Louis Meyer, Bernard Hinnecamp, Henry Boerstead, Otb.niel T. 
Biggs, Adam Vierhng, Bernard Grucnkcmeier, Joseph Middendorf, Bernard 
Baumer, Flenry Macke, Franz Schcper, Jr., John Bredewater, Thomas E. 
Biggs, Antony Hackman, Frederick Meyer, Henry Niemeyer. Frank Rolf us, 
George FL Minning, Francis Welilage, John P. Fisse, John Haverkos, Henry 
Kruthaup, John B. Sandmann, Wilham Rahe, Vincent Welhng, Frank Raver, 
Henry Seigering, Theodore Moormann, Clemens Rosser, Christopher 
Schwegman, Herman Waechter, John W. Holmauer, Joseph Ziegchiicyer, 
Henry Wintering, John H. Rolfus, Francis :\reyer, William Dwenger. 

Highland Township—Henry Stahlniann, Frederick Siebenthaler, George 
Chapman, William Mergenthal. George Schiapp, John E. Ripi)erger, Adam 
Berg, Stephen Howe, S. M. Riter, Frederick Batzner, John Molte'r. John 
Woolver, Washington Howe, John Sefrin. Joseph Bondle, Peter Franzm'ann, 
Charles Rupp, Peter Brickner, Eli Parkhurst, James Chapman. Nathan Baker.' 
Philip Eschenbach, Pius Geiger, George Huber, Henry Hartman, George 
B. Siebenthaler, George Reiter. Jamison Cox, William Prifogle. Godfreid 
Siebenthaler, Valentine Boll, Aloyious Fluber, John Geis, WilHam Stewart, 
George Pulskamp, Charles Fertig, Andrew Wissel, George Wiwi, John Batz- 
ner, Reuban Benton, Henry Bruns, Clinton Annsrron. William Cooley. Her- 
man Becker, Frederick Bruns, Flenry Siebenthaler, Peter Grose, Christian 
Ellerman, Christopher Ambcrger, Allen McFee, John Stallmann,' Frederick 
Feit, Mathias Yagley, Joseph Geis. 

White Water Township— Lemuel Sparks. James Hampson. William 
Blackburn. Nicholas Stone. Joseph Barrow, George C. Cleaver. George W. 
Gant, Moses Smith. Charles Gillc. Ambrose Williams, John F. Hutchinson, 
Nathan R. Butcher, John Carter. John S. Hyde. John Hurst, John ^.l. Taques! 
John Dale. Frederick Kirk, James Hollowell, John M. Rudicill, V\'illiam 
Selves, Adam Rifner. Alfred J. Freeland, Thomas Standsbern-,' William 
Jaques. ■ -— _., 

Butler Township— Michael Gehrig. B. Gnienkemeier. Tohn Conrad. 
Christian Hessler, F. W. Wittkemper, John Ragan' Lawrence Steno-el. Tohn 


Heggeniann, Charles Wittkcmper, Peter Motsch, William Hassmann, Martin 
Krinker, Albert Bruiisniann, John Wirtz, Jacoh Zins, Addison Garrison, J. 
M. Jones, Gerhart Alcyer, Israel Cohen, Richard Alilbum. 

Bath Township — Edward J. GoiY, James Landon, Asa Acres, Harrison 
Mclain, Benjamin Miller, James Moran, Andrew Lockridge, George Rich- 
mond, James Dair, Jacob Sites, John W. Smolley, Alexander Young, James 
Hetrick, Alexander Tucker. Joseph Wallace. 

Springfield Township — Lewis Bolton, Owen Davis, Peter Deannond, 
William Seal, Peter Iluth, Jonathan !Miles, James Hiatt, Joseph L. Carson, 
George T. McClellan, John L. Riter, Richard O'Byrne, Jacob Gratwohl, 
William H. H. Thomas, John Barry. 

These men were to report at Indianapolis, October 15, 1S62, and if any 
failed to appear they were arrested by the marshal. Drafted men were per- 
mitted to volunteer in old regiments or for one year's service. Substitutes 
were accepted when they reported to the camp at Indianapolis. The other 
townships in the county had furnished their quota and were not subject to 
the draft. 


The following is a statement of quotas and credits of Franklin county 
under calls of February i, March 14, and July 18, 1864, as shown by 
Adjutant-General Terrell's Report, December 31, 1864: 



^^ . 





— "2 













X w 






m a 










C ci 3 
t s> 






x — 



















Fairfield ___ 












Bp. (irove — 





































Salt Creek- 











Metamora __ 











BrookviUe _ 












Springfield _ 











W^. Water^_ 













Hip-hland __ 

















































It will never be known exactly how many Franklin countv men volun- 
teered in the Civil War, but it is safe to sav that the countv furnished more 


than the nine hundred and forty-eight men credited to it by Terrell's Re- 
ports. The above table .shows in detail some interesting tacts concerning 
the enlistments in the various townships of the county, and is the last table 
shown in Terrell's Report. On April 14, 1865, Franklin county was called 
upon to furnish one hundred and ninety-two men, but before anything wa.s 
done the war had closed. 

Franklin county was credited in iS6r with two thousand seven hundred 
and five men between the ages of eighteen and forty-five who were subject 
to militan,' duty. Of this number, four hundred and twelve were exempt 
for disability or other reason, which left two thousand two hundred and 
ninety-three subject to the draft. Owing to the fact that many of the men 
from Franklin county enlisted in other counties, and even in other states, it 
is very difficult to obtain a complete roster of the men from the county in 
the Civil War. The original muster rolls are all missing, except that of 
Company C, Sixty-eighth Regiment of Indiana Volunteer Infantry. Ac- 
cording to the report of Adjutant-General Terrell, Franklin county fur- 
nished nine himdred and forty-eight men for service at the front during the 
Civil War. This docs not include those who took part in the Morgan in- 
vasion or those who were in the Home Guards organized in the fall of 1863. 


The outbreak of the rebellion found the national government not only 
without an army, but without the means to equip it. Out of this double 
deficiency grew an army of citizens who not only needed more care than the 
government could give, but who left families dependent upon them needing 
help which no government has ever given. Before the first year of the war 
had passed, it was apparent that the soldiers would have to de]:)end upon 
their local counties for many of the actual necessities of life. There was 
particularly a demand for clothing and shoes, and when the first cold weather 
struck the soldiers in the fall of 1861 the women of the North began to 
prepare and send to the front warm clothing. The efforts' to meet the needs 
of the soldiers at the front in the way of clothing, food and medical sup- 
plies is one of the most interesting sidelights on the great Civil War. In 
addition to the voluntary contributions of citizens, each county and township 
in the state raised by taxation sums of money known as bounties and re- 
liefs. Franklin county showed its patriotic zeal and devotion to the Union 
cause by raising over a quarter of a million of dollars, as is shown bv the 
following figures : 


Raised by the county — 

Bounty $244,206.00 

Relief 4,074.05 

Miscellaneous 5.705-32 


Raised by townships — 

Bounty $ 30,000.00 

Relief 3,000.00 


Total raised in the county $286,985.37 

The mothers, wives and sweethearts of the soldiers who went from 
Franklin county sent large quantities of clothing and provisions to the front 
during the last three years of the war. Some idea of the nature of these 
articles may be gathered from the Christmas boxes of 1861, which were sent 
by the women of Mt. Carmcl to the men of the Thirty-seventh Regiment. 
The list included the following; 59 woolen blankets. 66 feather pil- 
lows, 17 bed sacs, 14 sheets, 8 pillow cases, 6 calico bed gowns, 11 pairs 
woolen mittens. 28 pairs sox. J2 cans fruit and 2 cans jelly, 22 pecks dried 
apples, I dozen tin plates, 2 dozen tin cups, 3 sets knives and forks, i dozen 
spoons; $14 to pay the express on boxes. 

An interesting sidelight on the relief in Brookville is disclosed by the 
book in the possession of Harry M. Stoops, containing the reports of the re- 
lief committee of the town. From the reports it appears that the greatest 
amount of relief was given in 1864 and 1865. Subscription papers were cir- 
culated asking for assistance, and the following is copied from the head of 
one of these papers : 

"We, the undersigned, subscribe and pay the sums of monev placed op- 
posite our respective names to the relief committee ; said committee to use. pay 
out and distril)ute to the benefit and relief of soldiers' families, residents of 
the town of Brookville and vicinity, as they in their discretion mav deem must 
beneficial." (Dated Februarv' 17, 1864) 

This particular paper had donations ranging from Sio to 50 cents, with 
twenty-eight subscribers, giving a total of S77.50. The relief' committee in 
charge for practically all of 1864 was composed of C. C. Binkley, George F. 
Maxwell and John Roberts. They collected not only money, but clothing, 
provisions and wood. This committee appointed sub-committees, who inves- 
tigated all cases and recommended such relief as they thought should be 


given. In this volume just nicniiuned there are more than one hundred re- 
ceipts which read as follows : 

"Mr. H. C. Gallion: Let Mrs. have $2 worth of goods 

and charge to relief committee." (This was signed by the three members of 
the relief committee.) 

Other reports show wliere Nathaniel Holmes hauled forty-six loads of 
wood to destitute families, for which he received 25 cents a load. Scores of 
receipts show where half-bushels of potatoes, turnips, cabbage and apples were 
distributed to the needy. It is safe to say that no soldier's family in Brook- 
ville suffered for the necessities of life if the relief committee was able to 
learn of their destitution. And what was true of Brookville applies equally 
to the rest of the county, as is shown by the large amount expended for relief 

When the Legislature met in January. 1S65, Governor Morton laid before 
it the question of providing relief for the families of soldiers. That body 
passed a bill on March 4 assessing a tax of 30 cents on each $100 worth of 
property in the state, the proceeds of which was to be applied to soldiers' 
families. In accordance with instructions sent out to the county auditors, 
August 4, 1865, pursuant to this act, Franklin county reported that there 
were one thousand seven hundred and twenty-eight beneficiaries in the county 
who would come under the act. This meant that Franklin county had to 
raise $13,962.24, the same being raised by taxation, as above stated. 


During the course of the Civil War the Legislature authorized the forma- 
tion of local militia companies, which were to be known as Home Guards, 
or the Indiana Legion, the latter name being given to it by Adjutant-General 
Terrell in his report. Pursuant to the order authorizing the fomiation of local 
companies, Franklin county organized a regiment of nine companies in the 
fall of 1863. The companies, with their officers, were as follows : 

Whitcomb Home Guards — Captain, Robert Allen; first lieutenant, Jus- 
tin K. Proctor; second lieutenant, John Blue. 

Brookville Guards — Captain. William H. Jones; first lieutenant, James 
C. Howland ; second lieutenant, Oscar A. Beeks. 

Laurel Guards — Captain. William L. Day ; first lieutenant, William Tuck- 
et; second lieutenant, William W. Williams. 

Buena Vista Guards — Captain, George W. Phillips; second lieutenant, 
William J. Pugh ; second lieutenant, John F. Ryan. 


Metamora Legion — Captain, John Colter; first lieutenant, James B. Hol- 
land ; second lieutenant, Jacob B. Blazier. 

Fairfield Guards — Captains, Zacliariah Ferguson and James A. Mill; 
first lieutenants, Charles H. Bassett, James A. Mills and Van Buren Rigor; 
second lieutenant, John A. Hughes. 

Springfield Guards — Captain, William H. .Schultz; first lieutenant, Sam- 
uel T. Bourne; second lieutenant, John W. ^McClure. 

State Line Rangers — Captain, George W. Finley ; first lieutenant, Ed- 
ward Waltz; second lieutenant, Henry Luring. 

Franklin Guards (raised at New Trenton) — Captain, Absalom R. Case; 
first lieutenant, William H. Stowe ; second lieutenant, George R. Adair. 

morgan's raid. 

On Wednesday morning, July 8, 1S63, General Morgan crossed over the 
line from Kentucky to Lidiana. He had four thousand mounted men with 
him, and for the next five days created more consternation in Indiana than 
the state has ever known. It is not the purpose of this paragraph to give in 
detail the story of Morgan's raid in Indiana, only in so far as it is concerned 
with Franklin county. Morgan first aj)peared before Corydon, and at that 
place three volunteers were killed and one mortally wounded. On the after- 
noon of the 9th Morgan marched out of Corydon and soon appeared before 
Palmyra in the northern part of Harrison county. Here ^Morgan separated 
his forces, part going to Greenville, part to Paoli and the rest going forward 
to Vienna. His forces came together at Salem at nine o'clock on the morning 
of the lOth. From Salem, jMorgan started in an easterly direction, having 
found out that it was not prudent to advance toward Indianapolis, as he 
had originally intended to do. Some of his men went through Brownstown 
and others through Canton and New Philadelphia and spent the nighi at 
Lexington in Scott county. On Saturday afternoon, the nth, Alorgan came 
in sight of Vernon, but there was too strong a force posted there, so he 
passed the town Ijy without making an attempt to capture it. On Saturday 
night ]Morgan camped near Dupont, about eight miles southeast of \'ernon. 
About four o'clock on the morning of Sunday. July 12. Morgan passed 
through Dupont on the way to Versailles in Ripley county. He reached 
that place at half-past one o'clock, captured Col. J. H. Cravens with three 
hundred militia, and rol)bed the c<uinty treasury of five thousand dollars of 
public funds. 

It was on this memorable Sunday that Franklin county got its only 
first-hand experience of the Civil War. The knowledge that Morgan with 


his band of marauders was in Ripley and Dearborn counties on that day 
created the wildest excitement among the citizens of Franklin county. The 
gallantry and the alacrity with which the citizen soldiery rushed to arms in 
defense of their homes was praiseworthy and commendable in the highest 
degree. From early Sunday morning- until Morgan crossed over the line 
into Ohio on Monday night, Brookville was in a perfect uproar and prepara- 
tions for defense were to be seen on every hand. 

The Franklin Democrat, of Brookville, in its issue of July 17, 1863, 
gives a graphic description of these few exciting days in the town and coun- 
ty : "In our town, with the most generous enthusiasm, the people have hast- 
ened to take up arms to drive out the impudent invaders of our soil. With 
a zeal and alacrity almost without parallel, they have dropped the sickle and 
plow and, rifle in hand, have joined in pursuit of the freebooters. On Sun- 
day, learning that the rebels were in the vicinity of Sunman's Station, every 
conceivable mode of conveyance was procured to convey our amied citizens 
to the locality where it was supposed a collision would take place. In his 
march, Morgan is making wholesale work in the way of stealing horses and 
his men are mounted on the finest stock in the country. Several of the citi- 
zens of this county were relieved of their horses by this freebooter and his 
men. Among the citizens of the couflty who contributed horses to Morgan's 
cause, against their own will, were John P. Case, of New Trenton, and Dr. 
John Cleaver, of Drewersburg. " In addition to robbing the stables, the 
marauding band did not hesitate to appropriate any articles which met their 
fancy as they rode through the county. According to the best information 
obtainable, there were only about ten of Morgan's men in Franklin county. 
Two troopers appeared at Oldenburg on Saturday afternoon, and, riding 
into the blacksmith shop of J. H. Kessing, they told him they wanted their 
horses shod at once. They insisted on having new shoes put on their horses, 
but Kessing told them he did not have any, although he did have some hang- 
ing from the ceiling of the shop. There were some farmers in the shop, but 
the troopers demanded that their horses be shod at once, and told Kessing 
that when he had them shod to bring them to the Kuntz saloon fnow the 
Kellermann saloon), and they would pay for his work. He shod them and 
took them to the saloon, but they immediately jumped upon them and rode 
away without offering to pay. They rode off toward St. Marys and met 
Dominic Siefert along the road. Siefert had just sold a horse and had the 
money in his pocket, but the troopers kindly relieved him of his burden. Be- 
fore reaching St. Marys they appeared to have passed over into Dearborn 
county, since they are next heard of at New Alsace. 

On Sunday, ten of Morgan's men appeared at the home of George Dud- 


ley, about three miles west of St. Peters, and asked to be fed. While Mrs. 
Dudley was preparing something for them to eat they visited the barn to look 
at Mr. Dudley's horses, but he had heard of their coming and had hidden his 
horses in the woods. Not getting any horses, they satisfied themselves by 
taking three shirts off the line in the yard. After eating the meal prepared 
for them by Mrs. Dudley, the marauders went to the farm of Frank Rosfelt, 
in the same township, and took a couple of his horses. They continued on 
east, and on the other side of New Trenton met the omnibus going up the 
Miami hill and compelled all of the passengers to hand over their money and 
valuables. One man from Brookville, Albert Loper, escaped some way or 
other, while the others were being relieved of their money, and hid in an 
oats field near the road. The omnibus company lost twelve horses. 

It was expected that Brookville would be attacked by Morgan, and con- 
sequently eveiy effort was made to defend the town. Colonel Clayixjol. of 
Connersville, brought to Brookville on Sunday the Fayette Minute Men and 
the Ashland Home Guards, numbering, all together, about one hundred and 
fifty men. This mounted troup remained in Brookville until Thursdav morn- 
ing, and, according to the Franklin Democrat, "carried away with them the 
heartfelt wishes of every member of this community for the soldierly bearing 
and gentlemanly deportment which characterized the whole troop during their 
stay. As an evidence of the manner with which they were treated by our 
citizens, the following resolution was unanimously passed by them just prev- 
ious to their departure : 

" 'Resolved, That the heartfelt thanks of the Fayette Minute Men and 
the Ashland Home Guards he hereby tendered to the citizens of Brookville, 
for their generous hospitality and kindness during the time that said com- 
panies have been quartered in their midst, and that this resolution be pub- 
lished in the Democrat and Defender:' ''' 


In the spring of 18S2 a number of veterans of the Civil War residing 
in and around Brookville began to agitate the establishment of a post of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. Finally twenty-three veterans petitioned the 
state organization for a charter, and on April 10. 1882, a charter was granted 
to the i^etitioners. The charter was issued to Hackleman Post No. 64. the 
name being suggested by those desiring the charter. 

It is pertinent in this connection to say something of Pleasant A. Hackle- 
man, the only general from Indiana killed in the Civil War. He was born 


NoveniI>er 15, 1814, in J'raukliii county, Indiana, and was killed at the battle 
of Corinth, on October 3, iN(,j. lie was mustered in May ii, 1861, as 
colonel of-the Srxteenth Regiment of Indiana Volunteers for the one-year 
service, lie was commissioned colonel May 18, l8'6i, and was mustered 
out May 6, 1862, for pronKjtion to the rank of brigadier-general. On May 
13, 1862, he was presented with an elegant sword in the presence of his regi- 
ment by the enlisted men of the Sixteenth Indiana, lie continued in com- 
mand of the reorganized Sixteenth Indiana until his untimely death on the 

Hackleman Post was formally organized in the town hall at Brookville 
on the evening of April 18, i88j. Dr. J. L. Wooden, the mustering officer 
for the state department of the Cirand Army of the Republic, had charge of 
the meeting and assisted in the organization. The first ofiicers were as fol- 
low : William H. Bracken, conmiander ; William II. Jones, senior vice-com- 
mander; John J. Sauers. junior vice-commander; John F. McKee, officer of 
the day; James A. Rodman, oflicer of the guard; Thomas C. Sheppard, chap- 
lain; Alexander W. Lee, surgeon; Oliver B. Baker, quartermaster; John 
Burkhardt, adjutant; Robert J. Cain, quartermaster sergeant; George Mon- 
roe, sergeant major. 

"The objects of the Grand Army of the Republic are purely fraternal, 
and in no way do they conflict or meddle with sect or creed in politics or in 
the affairs of society. To preserve and strengthen the fraternal feelings 
that bound soldiers together in camp and upon battlefield; to perpetuate the 
memory of the history of the beloved dead; to assist such former comrades- 
in-arms as in their declining years and from their wounds and hardships 
might need hel]) and protection ; to care for the widcnvs and orphans of those 
who have fallen: to maintain the allegiance and fidelity of the United States 
and permanent respect for the constitution tested and proved upon the battle- 
field, and to encourage the spread of uni\ ersal liberty and justice to all men, 
are the objects of the Grand Army of the Republic."' 

The original charter hanging on the walls of the post room contain the 
names of twenty-three petitioners, as follow: John Burkhardt, James A. 
Rodman. William H. Bracken. John F. ATcKee, William H. Jones. Oliver 
Baker, Alexander W. Lee. Z. S. Hutchinson. Robert J. Cain. Alanson R. 
Ryman. Ernest Gagle, John A. Gaines. Lewis Ouillhorst, Thomas C. Shep- 
perd, Nathan Davis, George Monroe, John G. Sauers. Adam Thalheimer, 
Robert M. Stoops, Josciih R. INisey, Jonathan Parvis, C. B. Smith and Peter 
Amrheine. For some reason three of these, C. B. Smith, Peter Amrheine 
and Jonathan Parvis, were not present when the post was organized on April 


18. 1882. In fact, the name of Smith does not appear in the roll of mem- 
bers at all. Amrhcinc was apparently mustered in sometime in 1884, al- 
though the record of the post gives the date as April 18, 1882. Par\-is was 
mustered in March 22, 1884. 

Of the twenty who were mustered in upon the first organization of the 
post, Peter Amrheine is the only one still living. 'I'he present f^fficcrs of 
Hacklcman Post are as follow: George S. G(jlden, commander: Thoma?> 
B. Thackrey, senior vice-commander: Milton Curry, junior vice-commander; 
Oliver G. Templeton. quartermaster: John Cowen, adjutant: John Ferris, 
surgeon; George \V. Higgs, chaplain; L'rank Fogel, officer of the day; John 
H. Updike, officer of the guard: Afarion Butler, sergeant major; Michael A. 
Jacob, quartermaster sergeant: Samuel Thomas, patriotic instructor. The 
delegate for the next state encampment is Samuel Thomas, with George \V. 
Higgs as alternate. 

New members have been added to Hackleman Post from year to vear 
until the total membershi]) reached one hundred and fifty-four with the mus- 
tering in of Milton Curry, February 21, 1914. The members of the post 
who have been taken in since it \\as first established, are as follows: Lewis 
Hornung. Frank Wiefifenljach. Joseph Long. Edward D. VVeltey, Jonathan 
Parvis, John D. Feiber, Andrew J. Heasom, Robert E. Best, James Williams, 
Philip Shuh. Frederick Ulrich, Peter Stoltz, William Cooley, John J. Posey, 
Adam Feltz. John Batzner. Levi W. Buckingham. Peter Amrheine, Oliver 
Stuart, Simeon Colbank, Elhanan W. Jenkins. James Murch, James E. Wash- 
ington, Patrick Grimes. Michael Maley, Edward Eckley. Louis G. Schiesz, 
Oliver G. Templeton. James M. Quick. George W. Campbell. Martin V. 
Holliday. Joseph A. Bedoll, Samuel R. Baker, William M. Baker. Thomas 
W. Butler. Benjamin Schoonover. William H. King. John R. Kennedy. John 
V. Swift, Henr}^ Bickel, George W. Davis. Raphael Gall. Charles Samoniel, 
Conrad Ries, Frederick Rehme, Daniel Bower, John \\'atler. Richard T. 
Stoops, Henry F. Teeters. IVIichael A. Jacobs, Edward H. Morin. George 
Bauer, William Afergenthal. John Riester. Jesse M. WoodrutT. John Castle. 
John H. Updike, George Koop, John Prei fogel, George F. O'Bryne. Adam 
Stock. John McFall, John C. Schocke. Albert Dickman. Shelby Utsler. 
George W. Higgs. Andrew J. Isaacs. Henr>^ B. Sauer. Wilbur A. William, 
Frank Fogel. John Fruits. F. U. Winans, James G. Clark. George C. Cloud. 
Adam Miller, John W. Grimes. John W. Smiestcr. John Sieftert. William 
H. Berry, James P. Howe, Charles H. Stant, R. M. Stoops. Jolin Ferris. 
George W. Davis. Charles Feary. Thomas J. Swift. John Galhgher. lohn 
Grober, William J. Stewart. John Showalter, M. B. Hippard, Andrew ;Metz- 


ger, PI. Q.iiosc, CJeorgc .M(jtoii. James K. .Morgan, John Blue, Henry Minck- 
ler, AI. L. Hennigh. Wilson MctchtT, IVanklin Ward, Thomas J. Roljinson, 
Robert J(jlliff, Samuel Thonia^, Carlton Steward, (Jeorge S. Golden, J. H. 
Bossert, David (ienn, T. B. Tliacker)-. ( ieorge W. livans. .Abraham Bossert, 
Samuel Walton. William Molidaw Za( liariah Lyon.s, (]. \V. Connair, Libius 
Monroe, John Couen, John Roe. II. if. .Miller, James Sammis. S. E. Rose, 
Abraham Miller, Junius Abbott, Xathan Duncan, Samuel Travis. Martin \'. 
Burgess, George K. Oshorn, Henry M. Scott. Louis C. yiaze. Joel B. Price. 
Jacob Reisert, James L. Sims, Charles H. Peterman. Hugh West, Jonathan 
Hayward and .Milton Curry. 

The Grand .Army ot the Republic post at .Metaniora was establi-hefl in 
1884. It was numbered 279 and named the Henry 1). Washburn I'(.»st, in 
honor of one ut the \eterans from this county who gave his life for his 
country in the Civil War. Since the organization of the post at Metann^ra 
there have been forty-three members initiated. Alany of the.>-e have died, 
others have transferred their membership to r)ther ])lace>, and still others 
have dropped out for various reasons until at the present time there are onlv 
a few members left. The complete list of initiated and transferred mem- 
bers who have been identified with the ])ost at Metamora are as follows: 
Andrew J. Bowman. John R. Dtmlap, William Fields, Geijrge Foster, George 
W. Gates, Joseph Hooper, .Alexander W. Lee, Patrick Manlv. Henrv P. 
Matthews, James Jones, Simeon F. Ridenour. George W. Riger. Claudiu.s 
Shafer, Milton Curry, Elisha Morford, George Alurray. George Phillips. J. 
C. Ryman, Charles Hawkins, Thomas Jones, Lynn McWhorter, John E. 
Swartz, Harrison Swift, David B. Tuell, Hugh Weston, Charles Wolf, 
James Hannefee, Andrew Alley, J. B. High, Edwin W. High. Benjamin 

Huddleton, Hobbs, Joseph Scott. Samuel Alorford. W. K. Fletcher, 

James G. Swan, O. C. Gordon. Charles White, John Hurley. Alichael Seibel, 
Asbury GarF, Peter D. Falser and P. B. Francis. 

Besides the Grand Army of the Republic posts at Brookville and Aleta- 
niora, there have been local posts at Laurel, Mt. Carmel. and Andersonville. 
Deaths and removals have been the caii<;e of all the posts in the county 
losing most of their members. 

SOLDIKRS' moni;ment. 

The soldiers" mommient on the public scpiare at Brookville was finally 
completed in February. 1901. The striking feature of the monument is a 
large cannon of the howitzer variety, which is set upon a block of cement 


six by four feet and >ix feet his^li. Two designs were submitted for the 
monument and alter lareful deliberation by the Cf^mmittee, composed of R. 
J. Stoops, J. W'atler and L. G. Scbicsz, the design of Dr. Calvin Carter was 
selected. Tlie base of the monument was built by Theodore H. Brown 
and consists of stone, faced with Portland cement. 'I'he iron bearing of the 
cannon was made by Williams (!i Sons and is a remarkalile piece of work. 
The bending of the angle irons lia'- been particularly admired. The cannon 
which surnicjunts the substantird ])v.'destal was donatetl by the national gov- 
ernment. Doctcjr Carter mounled the cannon by means of block and tackle. 
In the front of the pedestal is a marble slab with this inscription: 

'T am (!_\-ing. but I die for my couiitrv." 

Gen. P. A. Ilackleman was the (jnl\ general from 

Indiana killed in battle during the Ci\-il War. 

Born X(j\-. 15, 1814. Killed at 

Corinth, Oct. 3, 1862. 

On the side facing the court house is an inscrii)tion which reads: 

"J- P- Bohlander, Co. 11, 52 Ind. Inft. B(jrn July 17, 1835. 
drowned in Tenn. I\iver, Jan. 7, J 865." 

It was the intention of the post when the monument was erected to 
place upon the sides of the pedestal the names of all the soldiers from 
Franklin county wIkj died during the Civil War. Thus far, however. Bohl- 
ander is the only soldier whose name appears on the face of the monument. 


Franklin county did not furnish a company during the Spanish-American 
War, although there were a number of men from the county who enlisted 
elsewhere. Some of these were in the regular army and others in the volun- 
teer service. There have been no less than fifteen enlistmeuts in the regular 
army since 1898. Augustus Baither enlisted at Indianapolis. February 14, 
1898, as a member of Company H, First United States Heavy Artillery, and 
was in the service for three years. Most of the time was spent in Florida 
and he was mustered out at Fort Barrancas, in that state, February 14. 1901. 

Hugo Tettenborn enlisted at Cincinnati. December 16. 1898. and was 
mustered in as a private in Company A. Eleventh United States Regiment. 
He was in the service for three years and four montlis, ahhough he was 
paid for three years and a half. He left New York city in January, 1S99, 


for Cuba and was with his re.ijiment in that i>Ian'i f'jr five weeks. His regi- 
ment was then transferred to Prjrto Rico, where he remained f.^r one vcar. 
In the sprins^ of 1900 liis re.cjiment was ordered to the Phihppincs and left 
New York City April i for San i-Vancisco. The rejjiment was taken to the 
Phihppines !)y way of Hontjlulu and spent ei,i;hteen months on the islands of 
Leyte and Somar. The rec,Mment was en^ajred in picket and patrol dutv 
during all of the time it was on the islands. Only one incident occurred 
which was particularly exciting. One night alxnit two o'clock a cannon ball 
hit the door of the barracks and the soldiers rushed out. thinking that they 
were on the point of being attacked by the savages. They followed the 
retreating natives with their guns in hand and soon came across the scared 
Filipinos and cannon which had caused all tlie di.sturbance. The cannon 
was made out of a large bamboo which had been wound around with hea\y 
wire, a fragile piece of ordnance, which did not seem heavy enough to stand 
more than one shot at the most. Strange t(j say, the one shot of the cannon 
was the only shot fired that night. The Eleventh Regiment was brought 
back to the United States by way of Japan and landed in San Francisco on 
the 1st of April, 1902. The men were mustered out Aiiril 12. 1902. 

John H. Ertel enlisted, :\Iay 13, 189S. in Company L. Twenty-third 
United States regulars, and accompanied his regiment to the Philippines at 
once. They landed on the islands in July, 1898, and saw hard service tb.ere 
until they were mustered out, Jime 30. 1899, at Jolo. The Twentv-third 
Regiment was the third to land on the island and was in the assault upon 
Manila, August 13, 1899. Among other engagements which are noted on 
the back of the discharge papers of Air. Ertel is the battle of San Pedro 
jNIacati, March 4, 1899. This regiment was engaged in constant skirmishing 
against the Filippinos on Luzon, Jolo and adjoining islands in the archi- 
pelago. Such was the service of Mr. Ertel in the Philip])ines that his captain 
wrote on his discharge paper "honest and faithful"' and of "excellent" char- 
acter. The Twenty-third Regiment returned to the United States by way 
of Japan and landed in San Francisco in August, 1899. 

John A. Cook was a member of Troop B, Fifth United States Cavalr\-. 
He enlisted September 29, 1898. and was discharged at Utnado. Porto Rico. 
April 15, 1899. He served in Culia and Porto Rico. Henry J. Xeuman is 
a master gunner in the United States coast artiller>- service and is now sta- 
tioned at Fort Worden, W'ashingtoti. He enlisted at Fortress Monroe in 
1900 and has been in the regular army ever since. He was stationed at 
Honolulu for two years, but the rest of his service has been in the United 




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Albert A. Xeunian i^ ii'iw in the United States army in the coast artillery. 
He enlisted tliree years n^,<.> and is now stationed at T"<^rt DeSoto, Florida. 
Other young men whn ha\e enlisted in the rej,'ular army from this county 
within the past two years are as follows: Frank Showaltcr, Joseph Peters, 
Dora Lee, fkis Pelser, Ray Jeter, Peter Hall, ITenry DcFausett, John Buclcer, 
Daniel Ulrich, Clarence Wilson, C'alvin Wilson and Roswell W'inans. It 
has not been possible to t^et the military record of these men. 

Edward G. Dudley enlisted at Cincinnati in 1898 as a member of Com- 
pany G, First Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Dr. William Squier. now a prac- 
ticing physician at Alilton, Indiana, was in the re;.,'ular army during the 
Filippino insurrection and saw active service in the Philippines. 

A number of Frankdin county boys have served in the navy during the 
past few years, but it has not been possil)le to obtain the complete records 
of all of them. The names of the following have been found who have s[)ent 
at least one term in the navy : Peter Dudley, Arthur IMeeker, Dora Lee, John 
Moore, John W. Schebler, Austin Swift and two — Ludwig and W'attcrson — 
whose Christian names have not been ascertained. Schebler was accidentally 
killed as a result of a fall down a stairway on the battleship "Dixie,"' Novem- 
ber 15, 1913. His body was brought to Franklin county and buried at Ham- 
burg, November 21, 1913. Schebler had enlisted on July 12, 1907, and upon 
the expiration of his first term reinlisted on July 12, 1911. He had served 
on the battleships 'Airginia'" and "Dixie," and held the rank of a quarter- 
master of the third class at the time of his death. 

Peter Dudley enlisted in 1906 and during his first enlistment of four 
years traveled 45,456 miles. He enlisted for his third term, ]\Iarch 31. 1915, 
and is now in the ninth year of his service in the navy. Dora Lee and John 
Moore enlisted at the same time and served for the regular four years. Moore 
is now a second class boatman's mate on the "^Montana,'" having previously 
served on the "Iowa." Moore has been in the service since October 21, luoS. 
Swift, Ludwig and Patterson are still in the navy as far as is known. Frank- 
lin county has one graduate of the Xaval Academy at -\nnapolis, Scott Baker, 
who served his regular time after graduation. He has been a resident of 
Brookville since leaving the service. 

As far as is known, there were only six volunteers from Franklin 
county in the Spanish-American \^'ar. Three of these. John S. Francis. 
Alden Murray and William Woessner, were irom Metamora. Thev were 
members of Company F, One Hundred and Sixty-first Regiment of Indiana 
Volunteers, and were mustered in June 29, 1808, and mustered out April 30. 
(21) ' ■ ' 


1899. The other three volunteers from this county were Jesse \V. Ailes, of 
Stips' Hill, Irvin Morford, of Andersonville, and Henry Seibel, of Hamburg. 
Ailes was mustered in June 27, i^()S; appointed corporal August 23, 1898; 
appointed sergeant, December 31, 1.S98: mustered out April 30, 1899. Mor- 
ford enlisted June 2y and Seibel (;n July 5, 1898, and both were mustered out 
April 30, 1899. Ailes, ^^()rford and Seibel were members of Company H, 
One Hundred and Regiment of Indiana Volunteers. 

Milford P. Hubbard enlisted in the Twenty-seventh Indiana Battery of 
Light Artillery, April 26, 1S98. This battery drilled at Camp Mount, Indi- 
anapolis, in the spring of 1898 and later went to Chickaniauga Park, Tennes- 
see, where it remained until September. It was then taken to Porto Rico and 
remained on that island for thirty-four days. They only had one chance of 
engaging in a skirmish and that occurred on the day that the message an- 
nouncing the signing of the protocol was received, August 12, 1898. On 
this particular day the battery was advancing to make an attack on Juvana, 
but just before hostilities began, a courier came with the message that a 
protocol had been signed. Thus ended the active service of the Twenty- 
third. It was mustered out Xo\eniber 25, iT 



There were banks in Indiana Territory which had been recognized by 
the territorial Legislature and which were continued by the .state after it was 
admitted to the Union. The two banks in existence in i8l6 were at Vin- 
cennes and Madison and the first session of the Legislature ( Januarv i, 1817) 
made extensive changes in the charter of the Vincennes bank and provided 
for the division of the state into fourteen districts, with a bank for each 

All the branch banks were to be considered dependent on the Vincennes 
bank and each branch was to have eleven directors chosen by the stockholders 
and three selected by the state. The Madison bank became one of the four- 
teen branches and ,of the others which were provided for. onlv three ever 
organized under the legislative act. These were at Brookvillc, Corydon and 

The Brookville branch, the second to be organized, started out with a 
capital stock of thirty-five thousand dollars, furnished by William H. Eads, 
Robert John and John Jacolis. This organization was effected in the summer 
of 1817 and a substantial bank l)uilding was at once erected in which to carry 
on the business. L'n fortunately, no complete records were kept of this bank 
and it is not known how much business it transacted or how long it was in 
existence. What was known as the aristocratic party of Brookville evidently 
controlled the policy of the bank and this may account in part for the opposi- 
tion which the bank had to meet. The panic of 1810 struck this bank, as it 
did all other hanks of the \\"est. and started it on its downward path. In a 
report to the state Legislature during the session of 1821-22. the Brookville 
Bank is reported as having been tendered twelve thousand two hundred six- 
teen dollars. This was done December 22, 1821. and the supposition is that 
the bank accepted it from the state treasurer, D. C. Lane. As has been 
stated, the history of the Brookville Bank established in 1S17 is verv obscure, 
but it is known that it closed its career during the early part of the twenties. 
The building which it occupied is still standing in the town and is now used 
as a dwelling house. 


From the closiiijj of the first hank in I5rook\ille, in the early twenties, 
to the estahhshment of the first hank after the adoption of the Constitution 
of 1851, is a period characterized l)y "wild cat" banks. During the builfling 
of the White Water canal throtu;h the county and during the most prosper- 
ous part of the canal ])eriorl, there were a number of such banks in the 
county, but little is known of their history. There was very little specie in 
circulation and nidst of the business done by these banks consisted of buy- 
ing and selling notes and commercial paper which they felt they could handle 
to a good profit. They issued paper currency, known as "shinplasters." for 
sums ranging from six and one-fourth cents to a dollar. Canal scrip was 
largely used in Franklin county for nearly twenty years and the manv refer- 
ences to "blue dog," "blue pup" and "white dog" indicate the wide use of 
this peculiar canine scrip. Banking continued in a more or less haphazard 
fashion until 1853, when statutory provisions based upon the new Constitu- 
tion provided a solid basis for conservative banking. 


The new Constitution adopted in 1851 made a radical change in the 
banking business in Indiana, and Brookville was not slow to take advantage 
of the provisions governing the establishing of banks. Early in 1853 a num- 
ber of the wealthy citizens of Brookville began to agitate the question of 
establishing a bank. By the middle of March their capital stock of Sroo,- 
000 had all been subscribed, the stock being taken by the following citizens 
of the county : Richard Tyner, X. W. Haile, George Holland. X. D. Gallion, 
John W. Hitt, James H. Speer, William ^I. ^fcCarty. Abncr McCarty, Enoch 
McCarty and Benjamin H. Burton. 

The articles of incorporation which were filed designated it as a bank 
of deposit as well as discount. While they began with the capital stock of 
$100,000, their articles of incorporation allowed them to increase it to 
$500,000 should the business of the town and county demand it. 


The career of the Brookville Bank covered twelve years and was suc- 
ceeded on Octol>er 9. 1865. by the Brookville X'ational Bank, which was or- 
ganized with a capital stock of in accordance with the narional 
banking act. Its first ofticers w ere a? follows : John H. Farquhar. presi- 
dent; John G. Adair, vice-president: John W. Hitt. cashier. On March 5, 


1879, Dr. John J^ rioodw in and Cliarles F. Goodwin became the .-,ole owners 
of the hank. The directors of the Ijank at the time of its voluntary liquida- 
tion were as follow: William W. Butler, John G. Adair, John Herron, 
William Dare, Jacob H. Masters, J(jhn K. Goodwin and Charles F. Gofxlwin. 
The officers of the bank were as follow: John d. /\.dair, president: W. W. 
Butler, vice-president: John R. Goodwin, cashier; Charles F. Goodwin, as- 
sistant cashier. These ofiicers and directors were elected January 17, 1879, 
and at the same time a resolution was adopted to reduce the capital stock to 
$50,000. However, by the first of March financial conditions were such that 
it was impossible for it to make satisfactory dividends on $100,000 capital 
stock and it was decided to go into voluntary licpiidation. The fnuihlin 
Democrat of March 6. i!^79. says that "It is understood that the closing- 
up of the Brookville National Bank will open the way for a private bankin;^ 
company among our solid men." .\. notice in the same ])a])er the following 
week says that the bank is closing up its affairs and that the banking business 
will be continued in the same room "by John R. Goodwin & Son, under the 
name of The Brookville Bank." The new bank assumed all the obligations 
of its predecessor and o])enc(l for business sometime Itetween March 13 and 
20, since on the latter date the Franklin Democrat says, "Doctor Goodwin is 
as well known as any man in the county; he is perfectly responsible and will 
conduct the business of the bank honestly. Charles F. Goodwin is popular 
as a bank officer and will give satisfaction in the line of his duties." 


As has been stated the Brookville National Bank could not survive the 
hard times of the latter seventies and in 1879 went into voluntary liquidation. 
The former owners. Dr. John R. Goodwin and his son, Charles F., closed 
up the business of the defunct .National Bank in March and organized what 
was called the Brookville Bank, taking the name wdiich had been applied to 
the banking institution here that had existed during the decade following 
1853. Doctor Goodwin and his son had been connected with the bank for 
some years previous to its dissolution in 1879, but the death of the Doctor 
the following year brought about a change in the management of the bank. 
Upon the death of Doctor Goodwin, Isaac Carter and Dora Wagoner were 
employed in the bank. Mr. Carter later became one of the leading lawvers 
of Shelbyvillc. while ^Ir. Wagoner became a successful druggist of Terre 
Haute. In 1881 John C. .Shirk, who had just graduated from Indiana Uni- 
versity, became identified with the bank and on January i, 1884, became a 
partner in the bank. 


For the next twelve years Charles F. Goodwin and John C. Shirk were 
the owners of the !)anl< and conducted its business in such a way as to make 
it a financial institution of undouhted integrity. L'pon the death of Mr. 
Goodwin, January 12. i8»/), .Mr. Shirk and his sister, Mrs. Charles F. Good- 
win, formed a partnership and this continued until June 20, 1905, when the 
bank was chartered as The National Brook\ille Bank. 


The National Erookville Bank, as has been previously stated, is a suc- 
cessor of the Brookville Bank and be',Mn its career Saturday. July i, 1905, 
under a charter granted June 20, 1905. The first officers were as follow: 
John C. Shirk, president: John P. Goodwin, vice-president; George E. Den- 
nett, cashier. These officers, with the addition of M. S. Goodwin and W. D. 
Moore, constitute the board of directors. During the ten years of the bank's 
existence there has been no change in the officers or board of directors. 

The bank began business with a capital stock of $50,000 and continued 
with this amount of working capital until March 25. 191 5. At that time 
the bank was granted permission by the comptroller of the currencv to in- 
crease the capital stock to Si 00,000. During the spring of 19 15 the bank 
decided to apply for permission to do a general trust and loan business in 
connection with their regular banking. The last Legislature of Indiana 
passed an act ^vhich empowers nati(jnal banks to add the so-called trust com- 
panies' business to their present activities. Since the passage of this act the 
federal reserve board has received a large number of recjuests from national 
banks in Indiana that they be permitted to act as trustee, administrator, 
registrar of stocks and bonds, and. in general, to do such business as has 
heretofore been done only by trust companies. It was to be expected that 
the trust companies would register a vigorous objection to this encroach- 
ment on their business, but the federal board replies to their protest by say- 
ing that the trust companies have no right to complain, since widiin the past 
few years they have been doing what amounts to a regular banking business. 

The National Brookville Bank applied for and has been granted per- 
mission to do a general trtist Imsiness in connection with their regular bank- 
ing and are now looking forward to an increased business as result of the 
change. This bank is housed in its own stone and pressed-brick building 
which was erected in 1890-91 at a cost of $21,500. The stability of the 
bank is shown by the fact that its deposits now amount to more than $;30,- 
000, with a surplus and undivided profits of $73,000. 



The Franklin County National Rank was organized in 1900 with the 
following officers: Joseph A. Fries, president; Louis Federman, vice-presi- 
dent; Richard S. Taylor, cashier: Frank Geis, Jr., assistant ca=hier. The 
original capital stock of $25,000 has been doubled in order to take care of 
the constantly increasing Inisiness of the hank. With rleposits of $510,000 
and a surplus and undivided profits of $35,000, the bank- stands today as a 
good example of safe and conservative business methods. 

The Franklin County National Bank has taken advantage of the act of 
the late Legislature which permits national banks to engage in loan and trust 
business. In order to add this phase of banking to its business it was neces- 
sary to obtain permission from the federal reserve board. This has been 
granted and the bank is now in a position to engage in a general loan and 
trust business. In general terms this means that the bank can now loan 
money on mortgage security, a privilege which has heretofore been denied 
to national banks. 

In 191 2 the bank moved into its own beautiful three-story-building 
which was erected at a cost of $35,000. The Knights of Pythias built and 
now occupy the third story. The present officers of the bank are as follow : 
W. H. Senour, president ; Louis Federman, vice-president ; Richard S. Tay- 
lor, cashier; Frank Geis, Jr., assistant cashier. The officials, with the addi- 
tion of John W. Brockman, constitute the board of directors. 

people's trust COMPANY. 

The People's Trust Company was incorporated under the laws of Indi- 
ana, January 22, 191 5, with the capital stock of $50,000. There was such 
a demand for the stock on ^larch 25, 191 5, that it was soon oversubscribed 
and it was increased to $75,000. Within a short time this whole amount of 
stock was subscribed, there being one hundred seventy-four stockholders. 

The officers of the bank are as follow: Caspar Ritzi. president: James 
B. Kidney, vice-president; George E. Mullin, secretary-cashier. The direct- 
ors are Caspar Ritzi, James B. Kidney, Herman Walther, M. P. Hubbard, 
Frank A. Wright, Frank J. Geis, Charles A. Stinger. J. M. Hamilton and 
Harry M. Stoops. The bank opened for business May i, 1915, in the room 
formerly occupied by the Franklin County National Bank. 



The Fanners aiu! .Merchants Fiank of Oldenhur;^ was orj^^anizerl as a 
private bank March 9, 1909, with a capital sttjck of $12,000. The first 
officers have been in active charge of the bank since its orc^anization. namely: 
B. J. Kessing, jjresident : F. P.. M(jornian, \ice-j)resiflent : .\. J. Ilackman, 
cashier. The directors include the officers and A. A. Hackman, F. J. Raver 
and C. L. Johnson. The bank rents the room in which it carrie.s on its busi- 
ness. Its last rejjort shows a surjjlus and undivided profits of S3.076.50, 
on its capital of $12,000. 


The Laurel Bank is the oldest bank in continuous oix-ration in Franklin 
county. It was organized as a private bank by W. L. Day, J. J. Reiboldt 
and W. O. Bowman on July i. 1893, with a capital stock of $5,000. Two 
years later Bowman disposed of his interests to the other two members of 
the company, who, in turn, continued the business in ])artnership until 1904. 
In that year Reiboldt acquired the sole interest in the bank and has con- 
tinued as owner of the bank since that date. On July i, 1905, Mr. Reiboldt 
secured a state charter for his bank and during the ten years which have 
elapsed since it was made a state bank it has increased in usefulness in the 
community which it seeks to serve. As the bank has prospered it has been 
found necessary to double the original capital and, according- to the last 
statement, has a surplus and undividetl ])rofits of on a capital stock of 


The Farmers Bank of Metamora was chartered July 10. 191 o. as a 
private bank with the following officers: W. X. Gordon, president; J. E. 
Jackson, vice-president: H. R. Lennard. cashier. The bank has a capital 
of $10,000 and deposits of $80,000. The surplus and undivided profits of 
the bank for the past year were $3,000. The bank does general banking 
and under the efficient management of its directors it has won the confidence 
of the community in which it plays such a pn^minent part. 

t ■■ 

I ■• 

' -' L.„ 


'"4^ ^^^^T^rTlEiSM^^* -..— Vi=iS 




The care of the poor and unfortunate is a matter which has concerned 
the peoi)le of the county from the hesi^'inninj^ of its histon,'. It is one of the 
striking evidences of our Cliristian civiHzation to note the care and protection 
which is extended to those who are unahle to provide for themselves. The 
history of tlie henevolent institutions of I'rankhn county falls into five periods, 
which, for the sake of treatment, will he (grouped into as many different 


This marks a period from the organization of the county up to the time 
when Indiana was admitted to the Union. During this period, the care of the 
poor devolved upon officers in each township, who were designated as over- 
seers of the poor. From the commissioners' records it appears that these 
officers were appointed and held their office for one year. The early records 
bear witness to the fact that an effort was made to alleviate such cases of 
destitution as were called to the attention o^ the authorities. The first record 
of this nature noticed is dated ^lay 15, 18 13, at which time George Cain was 
allowed eighteen dollars for hoarding and clothing Abel Perrv. a pauper. 
from January i to May i, 1813. At this time the following citizens were 
appointed by the commissioners as overseers of the poor: Allen Ramsev, 
Lewis Deweese, George Hollingsworth. John Templeton. William Plelm and 
Basil Roberts. There appears to have been no change in the management of 
poor relief during the territorial period. 


Upon the adoption of a constitution in 18 16, and the subsequent admis- 
sion of the state to the Union on December 1 1 of the same year, the old s)-s- 
tem was continued. No statutory provisions wei"e provided by the legisla- 
ture, and, consequently, the same method of poor relief prevailed. Each quar- 
terly session of the commissioners contains specific appropriations for in- 
dividual cases of relief. The allowances made bv the commissioners for the 


caring for the poor varied considerably. At the November session, 1817, 
Benjamin Nichols was allowed forty-three dollars and eighty-one and one- 
fourth cents for keeping John Lovell, a pauper, from August 13, 181 7, to 
the 2 1st of the following month, a period of about five weeks. In February, 
1818, the commissioners allowed Robert Dickerson twenty-three dollars and 
ninety-three and three-fourths cents for keeping Abel Perry for the six 
months previous to December 4, 181 7. These two allowances indicate the 
extremes of compensation, and, as will be noted, vary from nearly nine dol- 
lars to one dollar per week. 

1824- 1 834. 

The Legislature of 1844 made i)rovision for a more uniform manage- 
ment of the poor and by the act of January 30, of that year, set forth the 
following provisions : 

"Section i. That tlie commissioners of the several counties shall, at 
their first or second session in each and every year, nonn'nate and appoint 
two substantial inhabitants of every township within their respective c<junties 
to be overseers of the poor of such township. 

"Section 2. It shall be the duty of the overseer of the i)Oor everv vear, 
to cause all poor persons who have or shall hereafter become a public charge 
to be farmed out, on contracts to be made on the first Monday in May 
annually in such manner as the said overseers of the poor shall deem best 
calculated to promote the general good." 

Pursuant to this legislative act, the commissioners of Franklin countv. 
on February 9, 1824, appointed two men as "poor masters" in each of the 
eight townships into which the county was then divided, as follows : Brook- 
ville, David Moore and R. A. Templeton ; Springfield, Richard Keen and 
William McDoimald ; Blooming Grove, Benjamin Xowell and \\'illiam Mc- 
Coombs; Posey, John Ara|>le and Edward Toner: Highland. Samuel Price 
and John H. Rockafellar: White Water, Samuel Rockafellar and Ral]ih 
Wildridge; Fairfield. Jacob Duboise and Jacob Barrackman ; Bath. Thomas 
Reed and Michael Cline. The records show that the overseers of Brookville 
township each received seven dollars for the first si.x months of their appoint- 
ment. The compensation of the various overseers was in proportion to the 
time spent in the performance of their duties. For ten years the act of 1824 
governed the management of the poor in all the counties of the state, but bv 
1834 it became apparent that conditions demanded a change and the legis- 
lative act of that vear ushered in a new era along benevolent lines. 




The legislative act of January 23, 1834. authorized "An Asylum for 
the Poor of the Counties of Franklin, Fayette and Union." In accordance 
with the provisions of this act the commissioners of Franklin coiintv a[>- 
pouited James Webb to represent the c(nmly and meet with the representatives 
from Fayette and Union. This joint commission met at Fairfield, I-'ranklin 
county, on December 26, i8'34, and made the preliminary arranjjcments for 
the establishment of the asylum to be used by the three counties. It was 
agreed that the expense of maintenance should be pro rated between the 
counties in proportion to the voting population. At this time Franklin 
county had 1,800 voters, Fayette had 1,555, and Union had 1,279. 

On January 27, 1S35, the commissioners of the three counties con- 
cluded a contract for the farm of Thomas Clark. This was in Fayette 
county and consisted of two hundred eight acres, located in township 13. 
range 13. The farm had no buildings, but. according to the commissioners, 
had "two good orchards, two good springs, two good wells, is under good 
fence and has one hundred acres cleared." The contract price was $2^053, 
of which Sr,co3 was to be paid ^larch 9, 1835, and the remainder January 
13, 1836. The above report was made to the commissioners of Franklin 
county March 3, 1835. 

Since there were no buildings on the farm, the first action of the commis- 
sioners from the three counties was to provide for the erection of a suitable 
building to accommodate the inmates. A brick structure, eighteen l)y forty- 
eight feet, was built, the same being ordered August 10, 1835. The bids 
for the proposed building were opened on the 12th of the following month, 
at which time it appeared that Thomas Lyons. Thomas \\'aters and lesse 
Clements .secured the contract for the sum of five hundred dollars, the same 
to be completed by the first Monday of Alay, 1S36. The building was com- 
pleted during the summer of 1836, and at the Mav meeting of that vear the 
commissioners appointed Isaac Gardner, of Union county.^s superintendent 
of the asylum. The superintendent was allowed an annual salarv of five hun- 
dred dollars, and was given general charge of the asylum, being authorized 
"to purchase furniture, bedding, provisions, etc., for the institution." His first 
annual report shows an expenditure of $180.8034. From year to year up 
to 1856, a total of twenty years, the three counties maintained this joint 
asylum, but by the latter year it was felt that better results could be obtained, 
at least on the part of Franklin county, by the establishment of a separate 
asylum. During this period from 1834 to 1856 Franklin countv continued 


to furnish relief to the i)'jor in tlie various townships, as well as contributing 
its share towards the maintenance of the joint asylum. 

The appended table shows the expenditures for both county and town- 
ship relief duriiii^ this periud. althi.)uj,di there were unlv nine years when a 
separate expenditure ajipears for tuwnsliip relief: 

1834 $ 429.87 1S47 1 S 850.20 

1835 901.26 1848 1,014.05 

1836 57100 1849 1,105.24 

1837 1,230.71 1850 1,160.07 

1S38 811.74 1851 1,257.89 

1840 586.76 1832 1,062.20 

1841 466.87 1853 1,701.79 

1842 80.43 '854 I-479-23 

1845 821.33 1855 1,506.92 

1846 989.67 1856 2,065.07 

There were separate expenditures for the poor of the count\- in three 
years: 1S36, $798.64; 1838, $112.21 ; 1841. $75.18. For three years there 
was no separate return made to the commissioners, the total amounts for 
these three years being as follows: 1839, $1,318.39; 1843, 51,230.71; 1844, 

The report of the board of directors of the asylum to the commissioners 
of Franklin county on ]\Iarch 3, 1856, discloses the following interesting 
facts : 

Number admitted during past year : 47 

Number dismissed 24 

Number of deaths 8 

Number in asylum February 26, 1856 64 

Number from Franklin county 33 

Number from Fayette county 17 

Number from Union county 12 


During the winter and spring of 1855-56, the commissioners of Frank- 
lin, Fayette and Union, having charge of the joint asylum of the three 
counties, came to the conclusion that the property held jointlv bv the three 
counties should be sold. On April 15, 1856, they made a proposition to the 
commissioners of Franklin county, "to sell the farm used now for an asvlum 


of the poor for tlic sum of fifty dollars per acre, one-half to he paid March 
10, 1857, and the residue on March lo, 185H, with interest on deferred pay- 
ments from day of sale." The Franklin county commissioners accepted a 
proposition of the asvlniTi commissioners on June 12, 1856, and agreed at 
that time to the sale of the property jointly owned hy l-Vanklin, Fayette and 
Union counties. The final aj^reemeiit provifled that Union county should 
pay to Franklin one-half of fort\->i.\ dollars per acre of the undivided inter- 
est of Franklin county, this amount heinj^ one thousand eight hundred fifty- 
eight dollars and twenty-six cents. The three counties were to retain their 
possession in the land until March 10, 1857, at which time the agreement 
between them was to go into effect. 

One June 19, 1856, the commissioners of Franklin county met at the 
court house for the of locating and purchasing a site for a poor 
asylum, and four days later they met in the court house and reported that 
they had selected a site. It was in nrookville township, about one mile south- 
west of the county seat, and contained a fraction over one hundred and six 
acres. This tract of land was owned by \\'illiam and Anna Stringer and 
they executed a deed to the county commissioners for this land on .\ugust 
13, 1836, for a consideration of five thousand five hundred dollars. On 
August 5, of the same vear, the commissioners bought part of a kiln of brick 
from David Price for the ])urpose of erecting a suitable building on the new 
farm. The plans for the building were drawn by Edwin May. who was 
allowed ten dollars for his services. On August 14, 1856, a contract was 
let to Edwin May for the construction of the asylum building, the contract 
calling for five thousand one hundred and fifty dollars. This building was 
so well constructed that it is still standing (1915) and bids fair to render 
good service for many years to come. 

The last official report of the state board of charities on the Frankhn 
county poor asylum is dated Sejjtember 16. 1914. From this excellent report 
which, by the way. is compiled by Amos W. Butler, a former resident of 
Franklin county, the historian has taken the following facts regarding the 
institution at that time : 

The present superintendent is George W. Gloshen, whose wife acts as 
matron. The farm comprises two hundred acres of land, which is now- 
valued at one hundred and fifty dollars per acre. Some of the land is good, 
but much of it is unfit for tillage. A four-acre orchard is in poor condition. 
The stock on tlie farm included ten head of cattle, three head of horses and 
fifty-seven swine. The buildings are three in number. One contains the 
superintendent's quarters, women's department, ilining room and kitchen. 


The men's (|iiarters arc in a separate bniUlini:^. The bnildinc^s are old and 
poorly planned and are only in fair re])air. There is a cellhouse which is 
used for the most incorrigible eases. The buildinfcs arc heated with steam, 
lighted with kerosene and under the present manai^ement are kept in as fjood 
condition as possible. They are handieappel by an old plant which is diffi- 
cult to keep in good condition. The county pays for the help of one man and 
one woman and also allows the county physician seventy-five dollars an- 
nually for his services. 

At the time the report was made there were thirty-six inmates, twenty- 
eight men and eight women. One man is epileptic. The sexes occupy sepa- 
rate buildings, but eat together. Religious services are not regularly held. 

The superintcntlent is paid $630 a year, while his wife is not on a salary. 
Repairs for the current year totaled $1.40; salaries, $1,224.75; ^i^ipphcs and 
maintenance, $1,175.94; total, $2,402.09. 


From 1834 down to 1856, Franklin county was coupled with Union 
and Fayette counties in the caring for the unfortunate poor. The records 
of the commissioners show that Isaac Gardner, of Union county, was su[)erin- 
tendent from 183710 1S40; at tliat date there were fifteen inmate>. William 
Rigsbee was superintendent from 1S40 to 1844; Thomas Curry, in 1855 ^""^ 
a part of 1856, and was succeeded by Samuel Henderson, who was the last 
to hold the positicm before the county commenced caring for its paupers. 
The list of Franklin county superintendents is as follows: Jacob Bly. Octo- 
ber. 1857-1859; John H. I'arrott. iS'59-r)o; Daniel Kyger. iSC 10-64; Elmer 
Hiatt, 1864-65; Jo.seph R. Clark. 1865-68; Alfred Deter. iS0>^-j2: Abial 
Shaw, 1872-1883; Adam Sottong, 1884; Smith R. Scott, 1885-92; Joseph 
Marxer, 1892-1901 ; Atwell J. Shriner, 1901-07; Jacol) ^'oung. 1907-10; 
W^illiam Peterson filled out the latter's term of office; George \V. Gloshen, 
19 14, and still ser\ing. 

children's home. 

It was not until the year 1882 that Franklin county had a children's 
home, although there had been much agitation toward providing a suitable 
home for the children of the poor asylum. An act of the Legislature 1 April 
7. 1881) furnished the basis for definite action along this line, and on March 
II, 1882, Rev. David R. Moore and some other interested parties appeared 
before the coimty commissioners — (Levi \V. Buckingham, Thomas Ap- 


pleton and Edward W'aechter) — and urged u])on them the necessity for im- 
mediate action in providing a suitable home for the pauper children of the 
county. The commissioners were convinced that somethinjj ou):jht to be 
done and appointed a committee, composed of Rev. D. R. Moore, f<ev. 
Meinrad Fleischman. J- F. McKec, M. A. Mess and Abail Shaw, "to take 
some action as provided by the lej^'islative act of .April 7, i.S'Si, cfiucerning 
the care of the pauper children in the f)oor asylum." They were further 
instructed to hnd a suitable person to take charge of the children and report 
to the commissioners at their next meeting. On April 12. 1S82. the com- 
missioners of the proposed children's home reported that they had <lecided 
upon ]\Irs. William Hughes as matron, and made the further recommenda- 
tion that the old Speer homestead be bought f()r this use. The county com- 
mi.ssioners decided to defer acti(jn until their next meeting, and at that time, 
June 8, 1882. appointed Missouri Hanna as matron. She was to receive 
thirty cents per day for each child under her care, and was to furnish a home 
for the children on her own farm in Fairfield township. At this same time 
the commissioners directed Superintendent Shaw, of the ])oor asylum, to de- 
liver to Miss Hanna all of the children under his charge between the ages of 
one and sixteen and on July 10 of the same rear he turned over to her eleven 
children. A visiting conmiittee was appointed bv the commissioners, con- 
sisting of Rev. D. R. Moore. Mrs. A. J- King and Mrs. Joseph M. \'awter. 
The visiting committee made their first report to the county commis- 
sioners on December 5, 1882. At that time sixteen children were in charge 
of Miss Hanna and eight of them were attending school at Fairfield. The 
committee reported that the children were being given the best of attention 
and to the best of their knowledge were being cared for in a very satisfactory 

For seven years Alissouri Hanna, assisted by her sister. Sarah A., gave 
the pauper children of Franklin county a good home. Each quarterlv report 
of the visiting committee to the children's home indicated that the children 
were given every possible attention. The following extract from their 
report of June 6, 1884, is illustrative of the good opinion which the visiting 
committee entertained toward the home : "The home is unquestionablv an 
honor to the county and the Misses Hanna have certainlv shown a capabilitv 
for the work which challenges all comparison." The Misses Hanna had' 
charge of the paujier children until June 6, 1889, when they were transferred 
to the new children's home. The visiting committee were at the home in 
Fairfield township for the last time on June 4. 1889, and their report to the 
county commissioners speaks in glowing terms of the excellent management 


of tlie children (lurin.i,^ the se\cn years while Missouri Ilanna was the inatron. 
Their last words on this occa-^ion were: "Well done, gfjod and faithful 

The questi(»n of i)urchasin,c,r a home for the pauper children had been 
agitated for some years before 1889. r^n .\pril 5. 1889, the commissif>ners 
(Alfred Deeter, Abraham Bossert and J. M. X'awter) took definite steps 
towards the establishment of a new children's home for the county. From 
the record it seems that there were two considerations which led to the 
change. It was maintained by many j)eople that it would be more economical 
for the county to own its own home for the j^auper children instearl of 
paying a per diem of thirty cents for the care of each child. L'nder the new 
arrangement which was entered into with Mrs. Eudrtra TTamlin on .Xpril 
5, 1880, she was to receive an animal salary of six hunrlred flollars. On 
February 13, 1889, the commissioners bought thirty-two acres adjoining 
the poor asylum on the south. This was purchased from Mrs. Cecilia 
Wright. William Wright, b'r.-uik Wright. Rachel T.cwis and Leander L. 
Lewds for a consideration of h\\: tlujusand dollars. There were other heirs 
who had an intere.->t in this farm and it was necessary to get quit-claim deeds 
from thein before the count}- liatl a clear title to the land. The interest of 
William antl Marv .\. l-ioljcson was satisfied l)y the payment of eighteen 
hundred dollars on March 6, 1889. The interest of Frank Wright was 
purchased on December 3, 1890, for the sum of eleven hundred eleven dol- 
lars and ninety cents. These three separate payments made the children's 
home cost the county $7',9ir.90. The farm was well improved with a large 
two-story brick house, which had been built by Thomas Robeson, one of the 
best constructed barns in the county at that time, as well as other outbuild- 

This same building has been the home of the unfortunate poor since it 
was purchased in 1889. ^Ivs. Hamlin continued as matron until October i. 
1905, when Mrs. Belle Koerner was appointed. Mrs. Koerner has given 
excellent satisfaction, as did her predecessor. There are now (April. 1915) 
several children in the home. It is the intent of the state board of charities 
that dependent children shall be placed m permanent homes as soon as pos- 
sible. Something of this work in Franklin county may be seen when it is 
known that in 1910 four children were placed in good homes, one in 191 1. 
five in 1912, sixteen in 1913 and se\en in i()i4. According to the statistical 
report of the state board of charities for December. 1914. Franklin count}" 
paid $1,483.85 for the support of fourteen children for the year previous 
to September 14, 19 14. 


^\'< ; >• I 




1 '-J 



The general mana;,'cnienr of the institution is in the hands of a board of 
children's guardians, which is now composed of the following: Mrs. S. S. 
Harrell (president), Mrs. J. C. Siiirk. I'>ank J. Baker, Mrs. J. F. Burdick, 
William D. Moore and Mrs. Josephine Fries. It should be mentioned that 
Mrs. Harrell has been on the board continuously since her first appointment 
on June 9, 1884. She has always taken a very active interest in the welfare 
of the institution and no little credit for the success of the children's home 
is due to her. 





The Masons established tlie first secret society in Franklin county, and 
at Brookviile was opened the fourth Masonic lodge in Indiana. As other 
fraternities came into existence, they established lodges at various places in 
the county, and at the present time there are many different fraternal and 
benevolent organizations in the county. In addition, the Catholic population 
have a number of societies whose membership is restricted tc) those of the 
Catholic faith. 

Harmony Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, is really the fourth Ma- 
sonic lodge to be organized within the state of Indiana, although it is now 
numbered eleven. The first three lodges were \'incenncs (March i, 1809;, 
Madison (August 30, 1815) and Charlestown (April, 1816). In the spring 
of 1 81 7, sometime prior to May, the resident Alasons of Brookviile met in 
private council and decided to petition for dispensation to form a lodge in the 
town. At one of their meetings — probably in April — Stephen C. Stephens, 
afterward a member of the supreme court of Indiana, was selected to pro- 
cure a dispensation from the grand lodge of Ohio. At that time a grand 
lodge had not yet been organized in Indiana, the first three lodges oi the 
state receiving their dispensations from the grand lodge of Kentucky. The 
grand lodge of Indiana dates from January 12, 18 18. 

On May 9, 181 7, Henry Brush, grand master of Ohio, issued a dispen- 
sation in response to the petitioners from Brookviile and on the 4th of the 
following August the grand lodge of Ohio approved the action of the grand 
master. The lodge at Brookviile was called Harmony Lodge Xo. 41. 

Shortly after high twelve, June 4, 1S17. the gavel sounded for the first 
time in a jNIasonic hall in eastern Indiana. Thomas Kelsey, of Hamilton. 
Ohio, acted as worshipful master and appointed the following officers pro 
tern.: John Sheets, senior warden; .Mexantier R. Meek, junior warden; Jere- 
miah Sullivan, secretary-treasurer; W. S. Rose, junior deacon; Thomas Blair, 
tyler. The charter members were S. C. Stephens, Luther Hinman. C. Dart, 


Enoch McCarty, Thomas Terrell, Hervey Bates, John Xoblc, George L. Mur- 
dock, John Jacobs. John Test. \V. D. Gallion, J. B. Rose and John Winchel. 
A lodge of entered apprentices was opened and closed and then a lodge of 
past masters was opened. Stephen C. .Stephens was installed as a first wor- 
shipful master of Harmony Lorlge. The other officers were as follow: John 
Jacob, senior warden; George L. Murdock, junior warden. On June 17, 
jjetitions were received from Alartin M. Ray, Xoah Noble, Henry A. Reed, 
Enoch D. John and Joseph D. Clements, and these men became the first 
initiates of Harmony Lodge No. 41. 

The Bible, which cost the lodge six dollars on September 13. 181 7, is 
still in the lodge room, although it shows that it has l)een in use for nearly a 
century. It is interesting to note some of the other expenses of the lodge in 
its early days. During the first six months of its career forty-one dollars 
was appropriated for expenses, and of this amount twenty-three dollars was 
expended for refreshments. 

As has been stated. Harmony lodge was organized under a dispensation 
from the grand lodge of Ohio. At a meeting held in Corydon, to cf)nsider 
the advisability of establishing a grand lodge for Indiana, this lodge was 
represented by S. C. Stephens, who voted against the proposition. Andrew 
Wallace represented the local lodge at the session of the Ohio grand lodge, 
December 14, 1818, when Harmony was granted its charter. In 18 19. John 
B. Rose represented the lodge at Columbus. Ohio, and presented a petition 
asking for permission to withdraw from the grand lodge of Ohio for the pur- 
pose of affiliating with the grand lodge of Indiana, and the petition was 
granted. Although the grand lodge of Indiana was organized January 12, 
181 8, it was not until 1820 that Hervey Bates presented a petition from the 
members of Harmony lodge to the grand lodge of Indiana praying for a 
charter to work under the jurisdiction of the grand lodge of Indiana. The 
petition was granted, the lodge was permitted to retain its name, but its num- 
ber was changed from 41 to 1 1 on the Indiana register. Thus, although it 
was really the fourth lodge organized within the state, it is numbered 1 1 be- 
cause it was organized under the grand lodge of Ohio. 

The lodge did not always live up to its name, and by 1S47 the harmony 
which is supposed to reign in ^Masonic lodges seems to have disappeared. 
From the minutes of the lodge it appears that on December 4, 1847. a num- 
ber of members presented a petition, asking Harmony lodge to recommend 
to the grand master the organization of a new lodge in Brookville to be 
known as Elliott lodiJ-e, and the c»fficers to be as follow : George W. Kimble, 
worshipful master; O. M. Bartlow, senior warden; Jacob Laforge, junior 



warden; R. M. McCleery, secretary; J. O. St. John, treasurer; Fred La- 
forge, senior deacon; J. E. Clark, junior deacon; John Canipl>ell, tyler. 
Kimhle was charged with tryin.cj to run the lodge according to his own ideas, 
and evidently had enough followers to hring about a division in the lodge. 
This petition of the seceders was unanimously granted, and the grand lodge 
of Indiana, on Deceniljcr 31, 1847, issued a dispensation for the establish- 
ment, in Brookvillc, of Elliott Lodge No. 52. Brookvillc, however, was not 
large enough to support two Masonic lodges, and as soon as the members of 
the two rival lodges regained their better judgment they began to gradually 
get together. The minutes of Elliott Lodge show that its first meeting was 
held January 18, 1848, and its last meeting March 19, 1S51. At this last 
regular meeting it was unanimously moved that Elliott Lodge surrender its 
charter and unite with Harmony Lodge. The latter lodge agreed to assume 
all the assets and Hal)ilities of Elliott Lodge, and, after the union, met in the 
hall of Elliott Lodge. Since that time Harmony Lodge has allowed no rift 
to appear in its ranks and year after year it has gone forward, dispensing 
that loving charity which forms the cornerstone of the fraternity. 

No other lodge in Indiana can boast of having three governors on its 
roll, and James B. Ray, Noah Noble and David Wallace were all made mas- 
ter Masons in Hamiony Lodge. No less than three members of the supreme 
court of Indiana v^•ere members at Brookvillc, namely : Stephen C. Stephens, 
John T. McKinney and Isaac Blackford. James Noble, United States sen- 
ator for many years, was also a member of Harmony Lodge. This includes 
only a few of the more noted men who have belonged to the local lodge, 
and does not make mention of the scores of excellent citizens who took their 
first steps in Masonry in Harmony Lodge. 

During its career of nearly a century five hundred and fifty-eight men 
have been members of Harmony Lodge, with a present active membership of 
one hundred and twenty-three. The lodge owns the third story of the Frank- 
lin Furniture Company building, the same being dedicated June I, 1904. 

The elective officers are as follow: Arthur Glenn Siebert, worshipful 
master; G. Wallace Hvde. senior warden; Clarence K. ^Moore. junior war- 
den; George E. Dennett, treasurer: John E. iMorton, secretary; Charles B. 
Williams, senior deacon; Frank Dennett, junior deacon; Frank A. West, 
senior steward; Archie Dugan. junior steward; Frank Winans. tyler. 

The following is a list of the worshipful masters of Harmony Lodge 
No. II from the date of its organization: S. C. Stephens. 1S17-1S; David 
Oliver, 1819; John Jacobs. 1S20-22 ; David Oliver, 1823; John Foster. 1825 
John Jacobs, 1826: John Foster, 1827; William R. Morris. 1828: Nath 


Hammond, 1829; George L. Hogan, 1830; Nath Hammond, 183 1; George 
W. Kimble, 1833-34; John Allen, 1835-36; George W. Kimble, 1837; John 
Allen, 1838; M. V. Simonson, 1839-40; John Allen, 1841; James £. Wheat, 
1842-3-4; James D. Moody, 1844; J. B. Sleeth, 1845; O. W. Bartlow, 1846; 
George W. Kimble, 1847; J. B. Sleeth, 1848; H. Hutchinson, 1849; Casper 
Fogel, 1850; J\I. Hutchinson, 1S51 ; J. W. Maxwell, 1852; Thomas J. Tyner. 
1853; M. Hutchinson, 1854: William R. La Rue, 1855; Thomas J. Tyner, 
1856-57; J. F. Rodman, 1858; M. Hutchinson, 1859; William R. La Rue. 
i860; J. W. Maxwell. 1861 ; 1862, no election; Fielding Berry, 1863: ^L 
Hutchinson. 1864-65; Fielding Berry, 1866; William R. La Rue, 1867; J- V. 
Bemusdoffer. 1868-69; Fielding Berry, 1870-71; Casper Fogel, 1872; A. H. 
Kaiser, 1873-74; Casper Fogel, 1875; Fielding Berry, 1876; J. R. McMahan. 
1877-78; William H. Bracken, 1879; A. H. Kaiser, 1880; John F. McKee, 
1881-82; John Dennett, 1883-84; Isaac Carter, 1885-86; John A. Colescott 
1887-88; John F. McKee, 1889-90-91 ; John Dennett. 1892; Charles F. Jones, 
1893-94; Benjamin F. Winans, 1895-96; John C. Shirk, 1S97-98; George E. 
Dennett, 1899-1900; E. W. Showalter, 1901-02; John H. Kimble. 1903-04; 

A. Hermansdorfer, 1905-06; Harry B. Smith, 1907; Frank A. \\'est. 1908- 
Carl T. Anderson, 1909; Frank L. Llornung, 1910; George E. Mullin. 191 1 ; 
Frank Dennett, 1912; Guy H. Hamilton, 1913; Emmet Ferris, 1914; Arthur 
G. Seibert, 1915. 

Brookville Chapter No. 16. Royal Arch Masons', at Brookville. was or- 
ganized by dispensation under date of May 26, 1850, when the officers were: 
M. V. Simonson, high priest; M. Hutchinson, king; J. Hinkley, scribe; A. 
Caldwell, principal sojourner; F. R. A. Jeter, captain of the host: A. Carter, 
royal arch captain ; Levi Ayers, grand master of the third veil : Thomas 
Cooper, grand master of the second veil; James H. Spear, grand master of 
the first veil ; J. E. Hawser, secretary. The chapter continued in its good 
work until 1878, and then "rested" until the reorganization in December, 
1881, since which date it has prospered. It now enjoys a membership of 
forty-one. It is the only chapter in Franklin county. Its officers (elective) 
in 1915 are: Frank L. Hornung, high priest; Frank A. West, king; Harry 

B. Smith, scribe; John C. Shirk, treasurer; John E. Morton, secretary; Au- 
gust Plennansdorfer. captain of the host: Frank Dennett, principal sojourner; 
William R. Osborn. royal arch captain; Jacob Sottong. grand master of the 
third veil; Clarence K. Moore, grand master of the second veil; Atwell J. 
Shriner, grand master of the first veil; Casj>er Fogel. guard. 

Chapter No. 40, Order of the Eastern Star, at Brookrville. was instituted 
May 30, 1878. The first officers were: Rev. Thomas B. McClain. worthy 


patron; Jennie D. Speer, worthy matron; Josephine Kaiser, treasurer; Fannie 
Morton, secretary; Louisa ALcClain, conductor; Clara King, assistant con- 
ductor; Alsie B. J^ole, warder; John Dennett, sentinel. For a number of 
years this chapter Hfjurished, and in 1882 had a membership of twenty-two, 
but subsequently it disbanded. 

Metamora Lodge No. 156, Free and Accepted Masons, located at the 
town of Metamora, was org^anized June 6. 1S53, and received its charter Mav 
23, 1854. It was formed by S. 1'.. Trembly. Jerome Wiley. J. J. Rhubottom, 
William A. Richard, Spencer Wiley, Adonijah Wiley, A. J. Whipple. G. W. 
Walker, William ATewhinney and Daniel Dawson. The charter officers were : 
Simon Macy, worshipful master; S. B. Trembly, senior warden; James Daw- 
son, junior warden; J. J. Rubottom, secretary; A. J. Whipple, treasurvr ; Ad(jn- 
ijah Wiley, senior deacon; Archibald Hahn, junior deacon: Francis Lei.>,h. 

The present membership is thirty-eight. The lodge first met at Odfl 
Fellows hall; tlie present meeting place is Masonic hall, second floor of a 
stone structure known as Allison store building. Its cost was one thousand 
five hundred dollars. The society is aided materially by a ladies' auxiliary. 
Order of the Eastern Star. The otificers Selective) in 1915 are: Terrv T. 
Gordon, worshipful master; George M. Lennard, senior warden: Xoah Fos- 
ter, junior warden; Mack P. Monroe, secretary; Donald M. Gordon, treas- 
urer; Clarence ]Maguire, senior deacon; Milton Curry, junior deacon: Lewis 
Parvis, tyler. 

Andersonville Lodge No. 96, Free and Accepted Masons, at the village 
of Andersonville. was organized May 15. 1850. Its charter membership can 
not be given at this time, for lack of records. The lodge now enjovs a mem- 
bership of sixty-eight, and has for its elective officers in 191 5: Prof. John 
S. Moore, worshipful master; Dr. H. C. Metcalf, senior warden: Ed Moore, 
junior warden ; F. Wilson Kaler. secretary ; Ed L. Scott, treasurer : Thomas 
Day, tyler. A good chapter of the Eastern Star is in connection with this 
Masonic lodge. A good hall was Imilt by a stock company formed of the 
members immediately after the lodge was instituted. The building is still 
used and is valued at eight hundred dollars. 

Laurel Lodge No. 447. Free and Accepted Masons, was organized in 
1872, with first officers as follows: Samuel Cooper, worshipful master: John 
S. Rice, senior warden; Isaac Lockwood. Jr.. junior warden: C. H. Scofield. 
secretary: J. C. Burgoyne. tyler. The lodge now has a membership of fiftv- 
five and owns its own hall, on the third floor of the public school building. 


erected in 1852. Coinvell Cliapter, Order of the Eastern Star, is the ladies' 
auxiliary. The blue lodge degrees only are conferred at Laurel. 

The elective officers of Lodge No. 447 in 1915 are: C. E. Burgoyne, 
worshipful master; John E. Fritz, senior warden; H. A. Dawdy, junior war- 
den; J. P. Rockafellar, treasurer; William Hooper, secretary; William C. 
Hayes, tyler. 

Prior to the organization of this Masonic lodge at Laurel tliere was an- 
other. Lodge No. 29, instituted at a very early day in the history of that 
town. The lodge, however, was deprived of its charter for violating some 
well-known rule of the grand lodge of Lidiana. 

Fairfield Lodge No. 98, Free and Accepted Masons, at Fairfield, was 
instituted September 28, 1849, by petitioners for dispensation, James Davis. 
H. R. Coleman, Augustus ^Miller, James A. Garver, \V. S. Rose, John Lig- 
gett, William Hayes, James Hilliard, Rev. W. C. Brooks, William J. Town- 
send. James A. Garver was first worsliipful master; Silas Ward, senior war- 
den; William Johnston, junior warden. The date of the charter is May 27, 
1850. The present memlicrship is thirty-nine. There have l)een one hundred 
and ninety-three Masons raised in this lodge since its organization. The 
first hall, charter and all records were burned in 1849 or early in 1850. 

The present (191 5) elective officers are: Jasper Younts, worshipful 
master: H. O. Ward, senior warden: A. F. Glidewell, junior warden; Darlie 
Hanna, secretary: H. C. Hanna, treasurer. 


This strong fraternal society has long been represented in Franklin 
county.- The earliest lodge of which the author has been able to obtain any 
data is that at Laurel, known as Spartan Lodge No. 24, organized October 
20, 1845, with charter members as follows: George R. Warren, Thomas S. 
Wright, Adam Shafer, James A. Derbyshire, Henry I. Kerr and John Kirk. 

Th.e present nieml)ership is seventy-three. The 191 5 elective officers are: 
Fred A. Hermann, noble grand; ]\Iart \\'ormer, vice-grand; C. C. Carder, 
secretary; T. P. Rockafellow, treasurer; Lon Masters, James Jinks and F. M. 
Russell, trustees. 

At Laurel is a fine working lodge of Rebekahs. doing their full share in 
the upholding of the lodge. When the lodge was first formed it met in a 
one-story frame building, at the northeast corner of Washington and Pearl 
streets. Later the members removed to their present lodge rooms, on the 
northwest corner of Washington and Pearl streets, a three-story brick struc- 
ture, in which thev meet each Saturday evenins:. 


Sherlock Encampment No. 4, at Laurel, was organized June 3, 1846, 
with a charter membersliip as follows : J. D. Johnson, G. R. Warner, John 
Kirk, J. AI. Hiatt, \V. A. Patterson, John W. Sullivan and Thomas White. 
The encampment now has a membership of thirty-five. They occupy Odd 
Fellows hall. The 1915 officers are: Hiyh priest, I^'rcd A. Hermann; senior 
warden, Mart Warner; junior warden, Willard Chance; treasurer, C. W. 
Tague; scribe, F. M. Russell. 

Protection Lodge No. 63, at Metamora, was organized Alarch 24, 1849, 
with charter members as follows : J. C. Barnes, Peter D. Pelsor, William 
Bell, Adam Davis and Cornelius Cam. This lodge was instituted by Special 
Deputy Pleasant A. Hackleman. It now has a membership of one hundred 
and six and owns its own hall, a brick building. The lodge first met in the 
second story of a frame building, immediately east of the present hall. 

The 1915 elective officers in the subordinate lodge are: Charles A. 
Riley, noble grand; Everet jMurray, vice-grand; J. W. Jackson, treasurer; 
Roy Alley, secretary ; E. Alartindale, George Murray and J. C. Gordon, trus- 

The instituting officer of this Odd Fellows lodge was Gen. P. A. Hackle- 
man, who was killed during the Civil War. at the battle of Corinth, May 28, 
1862, while commanding a division of L'nion soldiers, and was the only 
general killed from Lidiana during that conflict. A memorial for him stands 
in the courthouse grounds at Brookville. The oldest living member of this 
lodge is Alfred Blacklidge. 

Peter D. Pelsor was first to represent the order at the grand lodge at 
Indianapolis. He walked to and from that city to attend the session of that 
grand body. Going or coming, he stopped at a farm house to stay over 
night, and when he told them he was an Odd Fellow the family looked upon 
him with great suspicion. He also walked to Centerville. Indiana, to pro- 
cure the charter of this lodge from the hand of the grand secretary. Lazarus 
Noble. It was issued July 11, 1849, ^^^^ ^^e received it in the office of Gov- 
ernor Morton on December 22, 1850. Other representatives to grand lodge 
from this lodge went on horseback. 

Grace Rebekah Lodge, No. 296, the ladies' auxiliary, is in a flourishing 

Purity Lodge No. 194, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, at the vil- 
lage of Mixersville, was organized Novemlnrr 18, 1857, witli charter mem- 
bers as follows : Jolm Samuels. Jesse IMontgomery, Sylvester Browne. Free- 
man P. Kimball. Lewis Whiteman and Joseph Retsay. 

The lodge now has a membership of forty-seven and owns a frame hall. 


A good working ladies' auxiliary is in connection with the men's suhxjrdinate 
lodge, llie 1915 elective ofikers are: Seymour Vanness, noble grand; Rolla 
Wood, vice-grand ; J. T. Rowe, recording secretary ; J. E. Abbcjtt, treasurer ; 
C. B. Moore, corresponding secretary. 

Scipio Lodge No. 509, at Mt. Carmel, was organized in 1875, with 
charter members as follows: T. W. Oliver, A. B. Hodson, W. R. Jenkins, 
P. H. Applegate, J. W. Wynn, M. T. Davis and J. M. Smith. The lodge 
now has a membership of sixty, with officers as follows: Michael Keen, 
noble grand ; Chalmer Lowe, vice-grand ; Harry West, secretary ; A. W. 
Lewis, treasurer. 

This lodge was first instituted at the village of Scipio. but was removed 
to Mt. Carmel in 1882 or 1883. On February 25, 1895, their building was 
burned, and they lost their effects, including the charter and lodge records. 
Until the following autumn they met in the Masonic lodge room, but in Sep- 
tember of that year they were again housed in a building of their own. Their 
present building, a wooden structure, was erected in 1905, at a cost of two 
thousand dollars. 

Cistus Rebekah Lodge No. 209 works in connection with the abo\e lodge. 

Penn Lodge No. 30, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, at Brookville, 
was organized February 18, 1846, by Past Grand George R. Warren, assisted 
by several Odd Fellows from the lodge at Laurel. The following were the 
charter members: Hadley D. Johnson, Moses J. Kelly. Benjamin H. Burton, 
John H. Shirk and Hiram Carmichael. Five new members were in waiting 
to be initiated after the organization had been perfected. H. D. Johnson, 
who withdrew his card from Laurel in order to aid in forming this lodge, 
was elected noble grand: M. J. Kelly, vice-grand; J. H. Shirk, secretary; 
Hiram Carmichael, treasurer; B. H. Burton, warden; R. P. C. Barwick, in- 
side guard; J. D. Howland. conductor. 

On the night of jNIarch 16. 1848. the lodge room, together with the rec- 
ords and other property, excepting a few effects, were totally destroyed by 
fire. The ownerof the burned building was- induced to rebuild and add a 
third story, which was done at an expense of seven hundred and fifty dol- 
lars. This room served as the Odd Fellows hall until December 14. 1884, 
when fire again visited the hall, burning all save the lodge's seal. etc. After 
this fire the present hall was erected. The order now owns two good hall 
properties, one over the K. C. Myers drug store on Main street, which is 
leased to the Red Men, and the third story of the Trichler block, comer of 
Main and Seventh streets. The present value of the- two haUs is nine thou- 


sand two hundred dollars. The Red Men's hall was erected in 1885, and 
the Independent Order of Odd Felluws hall, proper, was erected by the 
Brookville Encampment, No. 32, in 1891, and in 189S sold to Penn Lodge 
No. 30, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

The elective officers of the subordinate lodye in the spring of 19 15 arc 
as follows: William R. Osi)orn, noble grand; Walter G. Wilson, vice-grand: 
Philander T. McCammon, secretary; Albert N. Logan, treasurer. The trus- 
tees are Charles N. Rockwell, Oi)hir W. Klipplc, Willard N. Lacy. Ford H. 
Allen, representative to grand lodge. The statistical report of Penn Lodge 
from February 18, 1846, to date of January i, 1915, is as follows: Initia- 
tions, ^/8<; reinstated, 23; admitted by card, 62; withdrawn by card, 87: ex- 
pelled, 6; dropped for nonpayment of dues, 118; deaths. 75; brothers relieverl. 
791; widowed families relieved, 84; weeks' benefits paid, 3,617: receipts of 
lodge, $65,591.28; expenses of lodge, $25,333.22; dues to grand lodge. 
$2,501.78; home ta.x, $784.43; paid for relief of brothers, S15.869.70: paid 
for widowed families, $1,099.77; P^i^ for burying dead, $4,161.60; paid for 
special relief, $3,622.51 ; total relief, $24,753.58; present membership, 193. 

Brookville Encampment No. 32, at Brookville, was instituted December 
2, 1852. The first officers chosen were: F. A. R. Jeter, chief patriarch; J. D. 
Rowland, high priest; B. H. Burton, senior warden; W. H. McClcery, junior 
warden ; C. B. Bentley, scribe ; J. C. Burton, treasurer. The above, together 
with George Berry, John F. Hazzard and B. H. Burton, were the charter 
members. It is the only encampment in Franklin county, hence has much ter- 
ritory from which to draw recruits. It is in a flourishing condition at this 
date. Its membership was, in March, 191 5, one hundred anil twenty-seven. 
It now meets each first and third Monday of the month, in Odd Fellows hall. 
The officers are: Karl Wise, chief patriarch; Albert B. Clark, high priest; 
Edward Clark, senior warden ; Chester C. Starkel, jimior warden ; P. T. Mc- 
Cammon, scribe; A. N. Logan, treasurer; John Dennett, Joseph L. Seibert 
and W. H. IMartin, trustees. 


The Knights of Pythias have a strong lodge at Brookville. known as 
Brookville Lodge No. 76, which was instituted July 16, 1S77, with the fol- 
lowing charter members and officers : George Ritzi, Scott Hutchinson. 
George R. Sheppard, Rolx-rt M. West, Jackson Stivers. John Rothermal. John 
Cullins. Gustavus Hartman, Charles N. Davis, William McCIeerv. William 
H. Bracken, past chancellor; N. V. Johnson, chancellor commander; T. J. 


McCarty, prelate; Thomas C. Shepiiard, keeper of records and seal; William 
M. McCleery. master of finance; A. H. King, master of exchequer; Jacob 
Smith, master at arms; George Ritzi, inner guard; Scott Hutchinson, outer 

The lodge now has a membership of one hundred and sixty-nine, and 
owns its own castle hall, on the third floor of the Franklin County National 
Bank building, which was erected in 19 12 at a cost of six thousand dollars. 
The trustees of this lodge are H. J. Schneider, H. M. Stoops and R. S. Tay- 
lor. A strong, harmonious working auxiliary to the lodge is found in the 
Pythian Sisters. 

Laurel Lodge No. 74. Knights of Pythias, at Laurel, was organized 
April II, 1877, with charter members as follows: B. .\. Smith, A. H. Knott, 
C. A. Guyer, S. A. Deweesc, S. A. Gifford, H. V. Reese, D. L. Secrest, Hugh 
McCullum, C. C. Ross, N. V. Johnson, D. S. Alzeno, Michael Herrmann, 
George \\'oessner. J. T. Anthony, B. F. Lefter, Mason Anthony. Its present 
total membership is scAenty. There are no Pythian Sisters, but a lodge will 
soon be formed. 

The present elective officers of Laurel Lodge are: Roll Wiggins, chan- 
cellor commander: D. L. Reese, master of work; Harry Manley, keeper of 
records and seals; George F. Herrmann, master of finance; Gilbert Tague, 
master of exchequer ; George F. Herrmann, master at arms; Ed Burgdorfer. 
inner guard; Thomas W. Reese, outer guard; trustees, August Goehner, 
Jesse Reese and John Oglesby. 

Metamora Lodge No. 445, Knights of Pythias, located at the town of 
Metamora. was organized December 9, 1896, by charter members as follows: 
Judson C. Gordon, Francis R. Harder, Herbert A. Dawdy, Ross Clark, 
George J. Myers, Henry Koerner, Flenry Smith, James A. Fisher, A. J. Mil- 
ler, C. E. Jackson, James ^L Thorpe, Alexander Davidson, Thaddeus [Mur- 
ray, Henry Becht, Joseph Davison, T. J. Holmes, Alvin E. Stotts, Christian 
H. Thorp, George H. Brown, James Currv. David Swartz, George Swartz. 
John Roemer, Henry \X. Hannebaum. 

The lodge now has a membership of thirty-five, with elective officers in 
1915 as follows: M. P. Moore, chancellor commander; Dewitt Currv, vice- 
chancellor ; Johti L. Stewart, prelate ; George R. Foster, keeper of records and 
seals; John Alley, inner guard; T. J. Holmes, outer gLiard ; Clyde Anness, 
master at arms. 

The lodge owns a comfortable hall, thus being independent of other or- 
ders of the town. 

Blooming Grove Lodge No. 134, Knights of Pythias, was organized at 


Blooming Grove, January 29, 1886, with twenty-nine charter members, as 
follows : M. M. Moore, P. J. Starr, T. R. Moore, VV. D. Moore, W. G. Starr, 
T. J. Swift, C. F. Hays, Jacob Metzgar, J. E. Ellis, L. G. Scheisz, J. F. Webb, 
J. T. P>rris, J. S. Killen, Perry Miesncr, L. H. Hays, J. W. Griffith, Monroe 
Miller, J. K. Wliitney, Peter Stolz, P. D. Harvey, James Sherwfxjd, Henry 
Apsley, Ben O. Griffith, J. E. Ouick, S. C. Sliep])ard, J. K. Shejjparcl. W. E. 
Jerman. Dan O. Moore and Cliarles 15. Johnson. Of this number, eight still 
hold their membership in this lodge. There are now seventy-six members in 
the lodge, twenty being deceased. The lodge owns a hall of its own — a frame 
building erected over a general storeroom in 1885, and the hall is valued at 
five hundred dollars. 

The 1915 officers of this lodge are: Charles Pearson, chancellor com- 
mander; Herman Kingery, vice-chancellor; Clyde Kelley, prelate; S. T. Mc- 
Whortor, master of work; F. H. Moore, keeper of records and seal: Frank 
V. Whitney, master of finance ; Henry Ferris, master of exchequer ; Emer- 
son White, master at arms ; Harry Anspach, inner guard ; Charles Stewart, 
outer guard; J. F. Swift, L. H. Hays, W. L. White, trustees. 

The Pythian Sisters have a good lodge in conjunction with this lodge 
of Knights of Pythias, established in June, 1S97, with twenty-one charter 
members, which now has a membership of ninety-three. 

Fairfield Lodge No. no. Knights of P>1:hias, was organized August 30, 
1883, and now has a membership of fifty. It meets in its own hall, a two- 
story brick building, thirty by sixty feet, erected in 1902, costing four thou- 
sand dollars. It is an up-to-date structure in all of its appointments. The 
present elective officers are as follows : O. H. Logan, chancellor commander ; 
C. R. Dare, vice-chancellor : George W. Groce. prelate ; Charles Gerren, mas- 
ter of work ; J. T. Buckley, keeper of records and seals : Darlie Hanna. mas- 
ter of finance; H. H. Rose, master of exchequer; Fred Loper, master at 
arms; Emmett Smalley, inner guard: Clyde Newkirk, outer guard; William 
T. Logan, C. R. Dare and George W. Groce, trustees. 


Hovannah Tribe No. 208, Improved Order of Red Men. at Anderson- 
ville, Posey township, this county, was organized August i, 1895. The orig- 
inal officers were: M. A. Kendall, sachem; William M. Moore (deceased), 
senior sagamore; E. O. George, junior sagamore; J. S. Cramer, prophet; 
R. D. Mitcliell, chief of records; M. J. James, keeper of wampum. 

The present membership of the tribe is ninety. Adoption, warrior and 



chief are the degrees worked on in the tribe. The larhes* aii.xih'ary at this 
place went down some years a-o. The order first met in tiie oh\ Grand Army 
hall, then in Cartmel's hall. About 1900 they bon-ht the old Universalis't 
church building, added thereto and now have a comfortable home, valued at 
about one thousand two hundred dollars. 

The 1915 chiefs are: Ben Abercrombic, .sachem; Silver Reeve, senior 
sagamore; Ben F. Stuttle. junior sagamore ; Aaron Hildreth, prophet ; F. Wil- 
son Kaler, chief of records ; M. G. James, keeper of wampum. 

Miantonomah Tribe No. 162, Improved Order of Red Men, at Meta- 
mora, was organized July 6, 1893. with charter meml>ers as follows- Albert 
Pierce, Richard Jinks, W. H. Swift, F. S. Swan. C. L. Thorp, Frank Harder. 
Samuel Smith. E. F. Allison, Edgar Duggins. Roscoe Tracy, Tames M Roth- 
rock, S. O. Jinks. David J. Vail. W. J. Smith, Wilson Morford. Henry 
Senour, Thaddeus Murray, J. P. Gordon, Charles H. Blacklidge. Edward 
Miller, William Curtis. George J. .Meyers, W. J. Holman, J. H. Miller. 

The elective officers of the tribe in 1915 are: Sachem, Everett O. Mur- 
ray; prophet, Roscoe Gordon; senior sagamore, James Stephenson: junior 
sagamore, John Stephenson; chief of records. W. M. Smith; collector of 
wampum, De Witt Curry; keeper of wampum, A. Pierce. 

The tribe is a very strong one and work is verv interesting and instruc- 
tive. The order meets in a leased hall. Council No. 166, Daughters of Poca- 
hontas, a ladies' auxiliary, is worked in connection with the men's lodge, to 
the mutual benefit of both organizations. 


To the above should be added a good historic item : It was here in Meta- 
mora that the first tribe of Improved Order of Red Men, known as Seneca 
No. I, was instituted in 1854. And here the first great council fire was kin- 
dled in 1855, with five tribes represented, as follows: Seneca No. i, of -Meta- 
mora; Chippewa No. 2, of Laurel; Blackhawk No. 3, of Terre Haute; Chero- 
kee No. 4, of Edinburg, and Miami No. 5, of Franklin. Hence it will be 
seen that Red Men were early in this field. 

Winemah Tribe No. 249, Improved Order of Red Men, at Laurel, was 
organized al>out 1S99, with between twenty-five and thirty members. It now 
enjoys a membership of seventy-three, with elective officers as follows: H. 
C. Ward, sachem; ['rank 1\icker, senior sagamore: Earl Hottman. junior 
sagamore; H. C. Jones, chief of records; George Goehringer, keeper of wam- 
pum; Charles Bloom, prophet. They have their own hall and are now in a 


flourishing condition. The degrees now being worked by this trade are adop- 
tion, warrior and chief. 

At Brookville tliis order is very strong. Oshawnee Tribe Xo. 220 was 
organized April 23, 1896, witli charter members as follows: Dr. George 
E. Squier, Dr. M. C. Armstrong, Geijrge M. Fowler, William A. Gagle, 
George A. Moorniann, Dr. E. L. Patterson, George A. Metzgcr. Joseph II. 
Adams, Charles V. Bradburn, Maynard H. Irwin, Henry Cameron, Charles 
E. Winans, Samuel F. Fogel. Charles D. Gregg, Edward C. Burkhart. Wil- 
liam E. McKee, Edward Z. Fogel. W. S. Hutchinson, William Buck. J(jhn 
W. Young, Edward P. Aletzger, Jehu Butler. J. E. l^'anjuear, James A. Clay- 
ton, Elbert H. Woodworth, Charles W. Warne, Henry H. Dunsmorc. Frank 
C. Becker, Frank Winans, Charles T. Meyncke, Flenry E. Updike. William 
Keeler, Jacob Scherer. Frank W. Bruns, Leslie Kingery, Louis Beuttel. Wil- 
liam T. Wright, William M. ]\IcCarty, William Smeister, Ira Wilson, Clinton 
K. Roberts, Robert L. Hanna. F^^ight of these charter members are now de- 
ceased and fourteen are not members of the order at this date. The tribe 
meet in a leased hall, that of the Odd Fellows order. The ladies have a 
good auxiliary — a Pocahontas lodge. The Red IMen have a membership of 
one hundred and twelve and are doing a thorough, good w^ork in the com- 
munity. The elective officers in the spring of 1915 are as follows: Adam 
Geis, sachem; ^''alentine Niedenthal, senior sagamore: Ona Clymer, junior 
sagamore ; Edward Brown, prophet ; Gus Baither, chief of records : W. J. 
Schoonover, keeper of wampum; Adam Geis, degree master; Charles Horn, 
Harry Fogel and Charles Lapish, tru.stees. 

Owosso Tribe No. 214, Improved Order of Red Men, at Whitcomb, 
Brookville township, was organized Deceml>er 27, 1894. by Lewis Hahn. with 
charter members as follows: Thomas Lingar, Charles H. Myers. X. H. 
Duncan, John R. Gouldie, Edward H. ^Morin, A. T. Updike, Wayne Smollev, 
James Goudie. George T. Coates. Charles Linderman. Henrv [Mvers, I. R. 
Bright, J. C. Morin, Bert Logan, James Lingar, Joe Murcii, Henry Geiling, 
Frank Phenis, W. T. Prifogle. John Flack, S. M., Seal, X'athan Proctor, 
Frank Moorman, Charles F. Holliday, P. 'M. Elwell. Sol Hammer, David 
Hammer, Charles M. Elliott, I. A. Popper, Charles Saunders, Frank E. Myers, 
Lew Linderman, Sherman Miller. Wilbert Rogers, William H. Gates. ^^latt 
Steele, M. B. Shocket, William G. Myers, William Gregg, George A. Pri- 
fogle, John E. Rogers. Asa Saunders, James Boyce, Bert Quick, Thomas J. 
Robinson, .\lbert ^^1. Rogers, Charles Harrop. 

The tribe now has a membership of fifty nine. They have owned a build- 


ing for about fifteen years, its cost l:>eing afx)ut four hundred and fifty dol- 
lars. It was purchased from the old Grange of the township. 

The IQ15 elective officers of the tribe are: Henry rjeiling, sachem; 
Nathan Proctor, senior sagamore; Alfred Clark, junior sagamore; Allen 
Lanning, prophet; Leo Hill, chief of records; M. J. Ui)dike, keeper of wam- 
pum; M. P. Elwell, I'recman Stuart and Charles M. Mlliott, trustees. 

Lodge No. 90, Daughters of Pocahontas, is a live, active body and a 
great aid to the tribe. 


The only lodge of this fraternity in Franklin county. White Water \'alley 
Aerie No. 1129, is at Brookvillc. It was instituted June J9, 1905, with about 
one hundred and twenty-five cliarter members. It now has a membership of 
one hundred and two. In the United States this fraternity has a following 
of over four hnndreil thousand, and is only about nineteen vears old. The 
first officers of the Bro'jkville Aerie were: President. Ona Climer; secretary, 
Dora F. Gagle; treasurer, A. O. Cates. 'llie ortlcr cnvns its own ])uildin;,', the 
first floor being occupied by the National Theater. They meet the first and 
third Mondays in each month. The officers in the spring of 191 5 are as fol- 
lows: President, Paul H. Killen ; vice-president, Charles Senefeld ; secretary, 
Frank Deutsch; treasurer, John A. Schum ; chaplain, John E. Williams; trus- 
tees, R. H. Cook, W. A. Fries, William H. West ; inside guard, Herman 
Metzger; outside guard, Albert A. Williams. 


Brookville Camp No. 14672. Modern Woodmen (jf America was organ- 
ized December 12, 1910, with the following charter members: Charles H. 
Blacklidge. Arthur O. Cates. Abraham Davis. Harry Rusterholz and Lewis 
Schreiner. The officers for tlie current year are as follows : Charles Black- 
lidge, venerable consul ; Frank Brake, worthy advisor ; Lewis Schreiner. bank- 
er ; Joe Siebert. clerk ; O. L. DeBeck, escort ; Harry Rusterholz. watchman ; 
Charles Cooksey, sentry; I. D. Garrigues, physician. The present membership 
is fourteen. 



It is an axiom of human nature tliat pc'0[)le arc g^rej^arious and prefer 
to mingle together rather than to isolate themselves from the world. There 
have heen organizations of people from the earliest times and at the present 
time there are literally thousands of different active organizations in the 
United States. These include all kinds of cluhs, lahor unions, bene\oIent and 
protective societies; organizations for men, for women and for children: or- 
ganizations for social purposes, for the working classes, for the rich and poor ; 
for Jew and gentile, for all nationalities; in short, there is a club for every 
purpose, and for every kind of people. 

There have been organizations of one kind or another in Franklin county 
for three-quarters of a century. In the days l:)efore the Civil War there were 
debating societies and literary clubs scattered over the county. In fact, most 
of the organizations up until the past score of years were literary in character. 
Brookville College supported two literary societies whose programs, as shown 
in the local papers of the day, were of a high literary character. Where there 
was one club fifty years ago for the women of Brookville, there are now 
nearly a dozen, each doing its own particular work and yet all working to- 
ward the same general end. There are some clubs which admit both men 
and w^omen to membership, namely, the Saturday Club and the Historical 


It was a group of bright girls who were attending Brookville College in 
1853 '^^'^10 established an organization which antedated Sorosis by fifteen 
years. On December 16, 1853, a group of Brookville girls, wdiose names were 
well known in the history of the town, organized the Julia Dumont Society, 
naming it thus in honor of one of the leading women educators of the day. 
These girls were the Misses Clarkson, Hitt, Holland, Haymond and Price. 
Georgiana Plolland, now Mrs. C. C. Binckley, of No. 402 North Delaware 
street, Indianapolis, was president of the society during a part of its early 
career. Among its members who are still living are Mrs. C. C. Bincklev; 


Mrs. Rowena Pric-e Hamer, of Denver; Mrs. Lee Yaryan, of Richmond; Mrs. 
W. H. Bracken and Mrs. S. S. Harrell, of Brookville. 

The nienil)ers of the society studied literature and flid not a Httle orifjinal 
work themselves. They had a furnished room in the college building in 
Brookville equipped with all the furnishings of a modest library, and it was 
open to the members at all liours. Young women attending the college from 
other points were admitted to membership and in that way the society carried 
upon its roll women who became prominent eclucators and writers. Among 
the latter, the name of Mrs. I'orcythe W'illson became well known as a poetess 
even before she married her poet-husband; the name of Mrs. Mary Bassett 
Hussev, a Brookville girl, is also one of the well-remembered members of the 

This society did good work for about twenty years and then, as has been 
and always will be the case, the girls married and moved away, and the 
Julia Dumont Society, one of the first women's literary clubs of the United 
States, ceased to e.xist. 


The oldest active women's organization of Brookville is the Married 
Women's Social Club, which was organized November 12. 1900, with thirty- 
nine ladies present. The original purpose of the club was "to promote socia- 
bility and have a good time generally," and during the fifteen years of its 
existence it has fairly lived up to its motto. Although the social side was the 
principal object during the earlier career of the club, it has also done some 
interesting work along the lines of music, art and civic improvement. It is 
federated with the county, district and state federations. 

The first officers of the club were as follows: President. INIrs. A. H. 
Rockafellar; vice-president, iNlrs. F. W. Hathaway; secretary-treasurer, Mrs. 
K. C Meyers. The present officer:^' are as follows : President. Mrs. S. S. 
Harrell ; first vice-president. ^Irs. I. M. Bridgeman ; second vice-president, 
Mrs. J. E. Morton; secretary-treasurer. Mrs. R. J. Cain. 

The original thirty-nine members were ^lesdames J- O. Adams. Charles 
Bishop, John liishop. Cliff Bruns. Fred Bruns, Lillie Burkhart. R. J. Cain. 
Douglas Case. Ora Case, W. I). Bradt. Ada Dennett. Xora Feicht. Martha 
Goodwin. Riise Goudie. S. S. Harrell. Will Heasom. F. \V. Hathaway. M. P. 
Hubbard. .Mice flaymond. Charles Hutchinson. M. H. Irwin. John Kimble. G. 
Ray King. Frank Masters. Ch arles Masters. O. M. Meyncke. K. C. Mevers. 
Charles Miller. E. L. Patterson, Frank Moorman, L. A. Rockafellar. \V. H. 


Senour, J. C. Shirk, Dudley Tfinpletcjii, Herman Trichler, H. S. Voorhees, 
Ada Holmes, H. P. Smith and Harry Smith. 

The membership in 191 5 included forty-two women, which is the Hmit 
now provided by the constitution. Twenty-three of the charter members still 
belong to the club. The full roster of members for 191 5 is here given: 
Mesdames J. O. Adams, I. AI. Bridgeman, John Bishoj), \V. IT. I'rackcn, \V. 
D. Bradt, Lillie Burkharl, G. B. Buckingham, Clara Charni, Clinton Case, 
R. J. Cain, O. M. Cowing, Elmer Dennett, George Dickson, Martha Goodwin. 
N. E. Holmes, ^I. P. Hul^bard. S. S. Harrell, E. W. Hathaway.- M. H. Irwin. 
John Kimble, A. N. Logan, Frank S. Masters. Cliarles Masters, J. E. Mor^ 
ton, Charles Miller. Rose iSIiller, George Mullin, Frank McClure. George 
O'Byrne, E. L. Patterson, A. H. Rockafcllar, A. J. Rcifel, J. C. Shirk, Harry 
Smith, W. H. Senour, John Scanlon, Herman Trichler and R. S. Taylor. 


The N Y Club dates its beginning fnjm 1900. at which time the 
following young ladies ])andcd themselves together for social purposes: Xelle 
Cooley, Nelle Swayne, Laura Swayne, Mable Ryan, Nelle Kimble, May 
Berry, Ethel Berry, Edna Harrell. Hallie Harrell. Zella Hutchinson, Edith 
Balsley, Winnie Morton. Anna Morton, Bertha Morton, Mar}- Goodwin and 
Katherine Winscott. 

The first officers of the club included Winnie Morton as President and 
Nelle Kimble as secretary-treasurer. The present officers are Katherine Win- 
scott, president, and Aubra Ferris, secretary-treasurer. The other active 
members in 191 5 include Winnie Morton. Laura Swayne. Gertrude Buckley, 
Cora Smith, Bertha Hermansdorfer. Xelle Swayne. Zella Winscott, Glenna 
Miller, Adah Masters and IMaude Scanlon. 

••'^ ' THE ART CLUB. 

The Art Club was organized November 23. 1905. with seven charter 
members, namely : Miss H. S. McCready, Mrs. IMinnie }^IcCarty. Miss Jen- 
nie Miller, Mrs. Sophia Buckingham. Mrs. Blanche Smith. Mrs. Ethel Crist 
and Mrs. Lillie Winans. At the second meeting jMiss Nora Cameron and 
Mrs. Bertha Dietz were added. The club was organized with the idea of 
mutual improvement and helpfulness among its members. It has given par- 
ticular attention to all kinds of fancy work. 

The first officers were Miss Salina McCready, president, and Mrs. Min- 
nie McCarty, vice-president. The presidents from the time of organization 


down to the present have been as follows: Miss Salina McCready. Mrs. Kate 
Sniiester, Mrs. Sophia Bucking^hain, Mrs. Bertha Dietz, Mrs. Minnie McCarty, 
Mrs. Ethel Crist, Mrs. Cora Taylor, and Mrs. Ella Lacy, the present incum- 
bent. The vice-president for 1915 is Mrs. Mary Harwood; the secretary- 
treasurer is ]\liss Alary Moore. The program committee is made up of Mrs. 
McCarty, Mrs. Allen and Mrs. Kissel. The list of twenty-five active members 
for 1915 follow: Mrs. Jennie Allen, Miss Nora Cameron, Mrs. Flo Clymer, 
Mrs. Ethel Crist, Mrs. Mae Croninger, Mrs. Bertha Dietz, Mrs. Mary Har- 
wood, Mrs. Rose Hornung. Mrs. Sophia Kissel, Mrs. Ella Lacy, Mrs. Minnie 
McCarty, Miss Winnie ^Nlortun, ]Miss Alary Moore, Miss Jennie Miller, Mrs. 
Lelia Roberts, Airs. Beiia Ritze, Mrs. Kate Smiester, Mrs. Blanche Smith, 
Mrs. Cora Taylor, Mrs. Myrtle Trichler, Airs. Lou E. VanXess, Airs. Lilly 
Winans, Airs. Alpha White, Airs. Lou Wise and Airs. Clara Younts. The 
five honorary members are Airs. Grace Aloorman, Aliss Adah Alasters, Airs. 
Elitha Swartzel, Mrs. Belle Remy and Airs. Marie Ritze. Since its organiza- 
tion, ten years ago, only four members have died. Aliss Salina AlcCready, 
Mrs. Kate Aloore, Airs. Sophia Buckingham and Airs. Anna Stalcup. 


The Brookville Study Club was the outgrowth of the desire on the part 
of four women to organize a club for i>urely literary purposes. These women, 
Mrs. Dora Seal, Airs. George O'Byrne, Aliss Alargaret Dickson and Airs. S. 
S. Harrell, — worked out the plans for the proposed club and on October iS, 
1909, invited a small number of women to meet with them and assist in the 
organization of the club. The officers elected on this date were as follows : 
President, Airs. S. S. Harrell ; vice-president. Airs. I. AI. Bridgeman ; secre- 
tary-treasurer, Aliss Alargaret Dickson. 

This club is truly what its name indicates and devotes itself exclusively to 
literary and general cultural studies. It meets every two weeks from Septem- 
ber to June and holds a two-hour afternoon session. The first hour is given 
to the presentation of some subject of general interest; the second hour is 
devoted to current events and leading questions of the day are discussed both 
formally and informally. It is federated with the county and district federa- 

The present officers of the club are as follows : President. Aliss Alar- 
garet Dickson; vice-president. Airs. Alattie Aleyers; secretary-treasurer. Airs. 
Ainanda Patterson. The members for 191 5 include Airs. Winifred Adams, 
Mrs. Alice Bridgeman, Airs. Jennie Buckingham, Airs. Alan,- Cain, Airs. Clara 


Charni, Mrs. Mae Cliarni, ^fiss Alar^-aret l)ick.son. Mr.s. Annclla I'erris, Mrs. 
Sarah Ilarrell. Mrs. Kathryn Kimble, Mrs. Rose Log'an. Mrs. Ola Masters. 
Mrs. Mattie Meyers. Mrs. Mary O'Byrne, Mrs. Amamla Patterson, Mrs. Ella 
Rockafellar, Mrs. Nora. Senour, Mrs. liallie Showalter aiul Mrs. Bertha 
Hermansdorfer. The club has lost three members by death .->ince its orj.(aiiiza- 
tion, Mrs. Kate Moore (1910), Miss Margaret McClure (ujii) and Mr>. 
Dora Seal (1914). 

mothers' club. 

The Mothers" Club was formally orijanized October 28, 1909, by fourteen J 

women of Brookville. The lirst officers were as fc^llows : President. Mrs. 
George Mullen; vice-president. Mrs. Charles Masters; secretary. Mrs. August 
Hermansdorfer. The charter members were Mrs. Ottis Adams. Mr>. August 
T. Reifel, :Mrs. Alexander Cory, Mrs. M. F. Hubbard, Mrs. Charles Dobyn.^ 
Mrs. Claire Buckley, Mrs. Will Baker, Mrs. .August Brown, Mrs. John Scan- 
Ion. Mrs. ULi arles M asters. INfrs. George Mullen, Mrs. l-^rnest Showalter, Mrs. 
Leroy Templeton. and !Mrs. August Hermansdorfer. 

The ^Mothers" Club, as its name indicates, seeks to bring into closer rela- 
tionship the mothers and the children. It takes a deep interest in the public 
schools of the town and has been instrumental in forwarding a better spirit 
between the teachers and parents. The present officers are Mrs. August J. 
Reifel, president: Mrs. Albert Clark. vice-i)resident ; Airs. G. W. Hyde, secre- 
tary. The membership now includes seventeen, as follows : Mrs. Harlev 
Castle. Mrs. Albert Clark, Mrs. Claire Buckley. Mrs. x\lexander Cory. Mrs. 
Charles Hitchcock, Mrs. M. P. Plubbard. Mrs. G. W. Hyde, Mrs. Roy Kack- 
ley, Mrs. John Kissel, Mrs. J. \V. Lucas, Mrs. Charles Masters. Mrs. Frank 
Moster. Airs. August J. Reifel. Mrs. John Scanlon, Mrs. Ernest Showalter. 
Mrs. John Weber and Mrs. Charles Whiteman, 


The Xeedlecraft Club came into existence March 12. 1912. at which time 
sixteen married women of Brookville organized themselves into a club with 
the following officers: President. Mrs. J. H. Briggs, vice-president. Mrs. H. 
B. Smith; secretary-treasurer. Mrs. C. E. Case. The charter members were 
Mrs. J. H. Briggs. Airs. Richard Brockman. Airs. C. E. Case. Mrs. C. R. 
Crane. Airs. Charles Dobyns, Airs. Arthur Ferris. Afrs. W. R. Hubbard. Airs. 
M. P. Hubbard. Airs. C. W. Flitchcock. Airs. Frank Aloster. Airs. H. B. 
Smith. Mrs. J. V. Scanlon. Airs. Fred Sheppard, Airs. Samuel S^vift. Airs. 
Charles \\inscott and Airs. Cr B. Williams. 


This club conil)incs its rei^iilar work with various social diversions. The 
name of the club is sufficiently indicative of the character of its work and dur- 
ing its career of three years the members have done some very creditable work. 
The officers for 191 5 are .Mrs. M. P. Hubbard, president; Mrs. Arthur h'crris. 
vice-president; Mrs. C. B. Williruns, secretary-treasurer. The present mem- 
bers are Mrs. J. II. Brigqs, Mrs. C. E. Case, Mrs. Arthur I'erris. Mrs. .M. P. 
Hubbard. Mrs. J. M. Kimble. Mrs. I'rank Mooter. .Mrs. Charles Smith, 
Mrs. H. B. .Smith. Mrs. Samuel Swift, Mrs. J. V. Scanlon. .Mr... C. li. Will- 
iams, j\Irs. Charles W'inscott. Mrs. 1-. IT. Miller and Mrs. Clen Siebcrt. 


The devotees of the culinary arts in Bro(jkvilIe orijanizcd themselves into 
the Brook\ille Domestic Science Club, March 15. 1913. There were twenty 
charter members and the constitution limits the membership to that numl>er. 
It was organized for mutual lic]i)fulness. intellectual improvement and with 
the idea of co-operating with the public schools of Brookville in helping to in- 
troduce the study of domestic science in the public schools. By giving an 
entertainment in 19 14 the club netted about eighty-hve dollars and this sum 
was used to help start the domestic science work in the public schools and also 
to provide books along domestic science lines for the public lil)rary. This club 
is a progressive organization and has already demonstrated its u.sefulness in 
the community. The work consists of demonstrated lessons in cooking and 
sewing and the preparation of papers co\ering various phases of domestic 
science. It meets on alternate Wednesday afternoons at the homes of the 

The first officers were Mrs. Frank S. Masters, president : Mrs. G. E. 
Dennett, vice-president; ^Irs. J. K. White, secretary-treasurer. The officers 
for 1915 are Mrs. Ella Lacy, president; Mrs. Will Baker, vice-president: Mrs. 
Arthur Ferris, secretary-treasurer. The members are as follows : ]Mesdames 
Jennis Allen. Ada Baker, ]\Iaude Briggs, Mary Cain, Mae Charni, Ada Den- 
nett, Ethel Cri..t. Aubra h^erris. Maymie Hubbard. Ella Lacy, Ola Masters, 
Minnie McCarty, Gladys Moster. Cora Pippin. Maude Scanlon, Mabel Shirk, 
Blanche Smith, Alpha White, Zella ^\'inscott, and Miss .Margaret Dickson. 


The Physical Culture Class is not a club in the ordinary sense of the word, 
but rather a group of ladies who seek to provide its memljers with phvsical 
recreation suitable to their several needs. It was organized in the fall of 1907 


as result of the work which had been clone in a physical culture class con- 
ducted by Mrs. Florence iJacon in 1906-07. The first woman in Brookville 
to give scientific lessons in callisthenics was Mrs. Mary Williams, who con- 
ducted a class in Bro<->kvillc during- 1896-97. 

The members of the class (1896-1897) were Mattie Adair, Mrs. 
John Bishop, Mrs. Charles Bishop, Mrs. George E. Dennett, Mrs. Martha S. 
Goodwin, Mrs. C. A. Haman, Mrs. F. W. Hathaway. Anna Muller, Cora 
Colescott, Margaret McClure and Jennie McClure. The present members 
are as follows: Mattie Adair, Mrs. John I'.isho]), Mrs. W. D. Bradt, Mrs. 
George B. Buckingham, Mrs. ^lason Crist, Mary D. Cain, Mrs. George E. 
Dennett, Mrs. M. S. Goodwin, Airs. John Goodwin, Mrs. E. \V. Hathawav, 
Mrs. C. A. Haman, IMrs. M. H. Irwin, Mrs. E. L. Priest. Grace Priest. Mrs. 
J. C. Shirk, Mrs. Charles Shirk, Ellen Shirk and Cornelia. Shirk. The hon- 
orary members include Mrs. J. O. Adams, Mrs. Allen Buchanan and Mrs. J. 
E. Eisher. 

The class has no officers, but a director is appointed for each meeting who 
has general charge of the work for that meeting. The membership is confined 
to those who have had work under a trained physical instructor and now in- 
cludes eighteen women of Brookville. 

The nine clubs which haA-e been discussed thus far restrict their member- 
ship to women. There are only two organizations in Brookville which admit 
both men and women to membership, namely, the Saturday Club and the His- 
torical Society. 

women's franchise leagi:e. 

The Eranklin County Women's Franchise League was organized Novem- 
ber 2, 1912, with the following officers: ]\Irs. S. S. Harrell. county chair- 
man; Mrs. George E. ^lullin. president; Mrs. \V. H. Bracken, vice-president; 
Mrs. George E. Dennett, secretary; ]\Irs. jMartha Goodwin, treasurer. The 
charter members of the League were iMesdames S. S. Harrell, George E. 
Mullin, William H. Bracken. George E. Dennett. IMartha Gootlwin. William 
Banes, Belle Koerner. M. P. Hubbard, J. IM. Vawter. J. Ottis Adams. Erecl 
Miller, C. R. Crane, Frank Masters, Frank Meyers, Rose Loper Miller an<l 
R. J. Cain. To this list of charter members have been added the following: 
Mrs. L N. McCarty. Emma James. Mrs. Frank Bonwell. ^Irs. Albert Clark. 
Mrs. Clair Buckley, Airs. Louis Eederman. Airs. John Goodwin. Mrs. Brad- 
way Hudson, Mrs. M. H. Irwin. Airs. Charles Alasters, Mrs. Fred Aliller. 
Mrs. William Templeton. Airs. William Pippin. Jennie Aliller. Ida Seal. Airs. 
Augustus Baither, Mrs. J. W. Eye and Airs. Louise Schneider. 


This organization is less than three years old and yet it has already done 
a wonderful work in creating a feminine sentiment towards woman's suffrage 
in the county. Its work from the first has been characterized by dignity anrl 
convincing argument and the apical has been to reason rather than to senti- 
ment. There is no disposition on the part of the league to resort to militant 
methods such as characterized the franchise movement in England, for this 
reason the league has been able to do effective work in the county. Xot only 
does it advocate enfraiicln'sement of women but it is al-^o taking an active 
part in advancing humanitarian measures of all kinds. Its interest in civic 
affairs, its advocacy of all general welfare measures and its ready willingness 
to lend its support in behalf of all movements which tend to make this county 
a better one in which to live, make the Franchise League a potent force in 
the life of the county. 

The local league was organized by Belle O'Hair, a former resident of 
this county and now a teacher in the jmblic schools of Indianapolis. Soon after 
the organization was eft'ected a banquet was given to a large number of in- 
vited guests. The county chairman, Mrs. Harrell, acted as toastmistress. Rev. 
F. L. Priest, of the Methodist church, responded to a toast, "Women in the 
Church"; Superintendent A. J. Reifel responded to a toast, "Women in the 
Home," and E. W. Showalter, a young business man, to "Women in Busi- 
ness." An opening meeting was held at the home of Mrs. W. H. Bracken 
and the guests were taken to and from the meeting in automobiles furnished 
by friends of the cause. ]\trs. F. E. Badgley, who recently died at ]\Ietamora, 
was a valued member of the league and gave a talk on this particular oc- 

The of^cers of the league for 1915 are as follows: Mrs. George E. 
Mullin, president; ^Irs. I. X. McCarty. vice-president; Emma James, secre- 
tary-treasurer; Mrs. S. S. Harrell, county chairman. The last meeting of the 
league before this volume went to press was held in Brookville. Friday, April 
16, 1915. in the Library hall. An interesting program was rendered, Avith 
Mrs. W. E. Ochiltree, of Connersville, as the main speaker. 


The Saturday Club of Brookville, like many important organizations, 
was a development. Back in the sixties, when Brookville College was flour- 
ishing, a few young men and women of literary tastes got together and organ- 
ized the Brookville Reading Club. Its chief ambition was to read dramatic 
plays and occasionally gi\e a public entertainment in the town hail. 

In the fall of 1884 Df- John G. Chafee was sent to Brookville as pastor 


of the Mcthudisl Iipi.sco[)aI cliurcli. lie was deeply interested in the Chau- 
tauqua educatiuiial inovenient, and in 1886 he urj^anized the i5rook\ ille Chau- 
tauqua Circle, most of the nienihers of the Br(j(jkville I'ieadin}^ Chih joining 
and forming the Chautauqua Cluh. So in reality the Uro(jk\ ille Reading Club 
became the Ih-cKjkville Chautauqua (,'lub. 

When the four years' Chautau(iua course had been read a number of its 
members, not caring to ccjnlinue reading the Chautau(jua course, began to con- 
sider some other line of work, and tlie foll<nving jjersons met at the home of 
John C. Shirk to talk tlie matter over: C. W. AlcClure, R. M. King, C. I'. 
Goodwin and J. C. Shirk. It was tlecided t(j form a new club and to work out 
its own pr(jgram. The (iuestinn of a name for the club was di.->cus.-,ed and in- 
cidentally the night for meetings. It was thought by those present that Sat- 
urday night would suit best. Whereupon R. M. King proposed the name of 
Saturday Club, which was adopted. 

A second meeting was arranged for one week later, (^n Tue>dav e\en- 
ing, September 29, 1890, at the home of J. C. Shirk, to which a number of 
persons were invited. This meeting was called to order by J. C. Shirk, and 
Rev. W. A. Echols was asked to preside. John C. Shirk and C. W. McClure 
were appointed a committee to prepare and present a constitution f(ir the gov- 
ernment of the club. The committee presented a constitution, which was 
read article by article and, with a number of modifications and changes, was 
adopted. C. F. Goodwin and C. \V. IMcClure were appointed a committee to 
place in nomination the names of persons for president, vice-president, ^ecre- 
tary and treasurer for the coming year. Rev. W. A. Echols was chosen presi- 
dent, Mrs. C. F. Jones, vice-president, and J. E. Morton, secretary and treas- 
urer. C. W. McClure and J. E. Morton were appointed a committee on mem- 
bership. J. C. Shirk. R. M. King and ^liss Hattie Jones were appointed a 
committee to arrange for a program and select the time of meeting. 

The committee recommended Saturday evening for meetings, but it did 
not suit a majority of the members and Tuesday evening was chosen. The 
constitution was as follows : 

Article i — The circle shall be called the Saturday Club. 

Article 2 — The otificers of this club shall be: one president, one vice- 
president, one secretary and treasurer, all to be elected .annually at the tirst 
regular meeting. 

Article 3 — The membership of this club is limited to twenty jjersons. 

Article 4 — Any name proposed for nieml^ership shall be held over for one 
week before being voted upon. 

Article 5 — The election of members shall be bv ballot. 


Article 6 — Two negative votes shall reject any application for nicniix;r- 
ship in this club. 

Article 7 — Absence troiii l'(nir rci^ular nieetinj^s in succession, without 
sulhcient excuse, ^Iiall work forfeiture of membership in the club. 

Article 8 — Xew menil)ers can be elected to fill any vacancies occasione'l 
by forfeiture of menibersliip. 

Article 9 — All members shall sign this constitution. 

Article 10 — Officers of this club shall perform the duties belonging to 
said officers as recognized in general literary societies. 

The charter members of the Saturday Club were Mrs. Mary Cain. .Minnie 
Cohu, Rev. \V. A. Echols. C. F. Goodwin and wife, C. V. Jones and wife. 
Hattie Jones, R. M. King-, C. \V. McClure and wife. Dr. J. E. M.jrton. Ida 
Meyers, John Shirk and wife, Minnie Win^cott, Henrietta R. Wer,t. 

The committee on pnjgram recommended the >tudy of Cireen's "Short 
History of the English People," .\merican authors (six months ). using IJeer's 
"American Literature" as a text book, while the remrunder oi the year was 
to be given to English authors and current e\ents. The meetings were held 
weekly and genuine hard work was done. This form (jf program was fol- 
lowed in the succeeding year, after which the club decided to h.jld it> meet- 
ings every two weeks, and to have a miscellaneous range of subject>. Some- 
times the club took one particular line of work as a majijr subject, with a 
varied line of supplementary subjects, including almost every subject in which 
the people of a small town are interested. 

It was the first organizati(.n in Brookville to make a movement toward 
establishing a public library, and four years before a library was established 
it had raised a small fund to be used for the library when one should be estab- 
lished. Besides the solid literary work wliich tlie club has done, it has been 
a social center for its members, and has given several elaborate ban(iuets. 

The club has always been prosperous and had a live membership. The 
members of 1915 are as follows: I. M. Bridgeman, Mrs. I. M. Bridgeman. 
Mrs. Mary D. Cain, Dean Charni. Mrs. Dean Charni. Miss Margaret Dick- 
son. Mrs. Martha Goodwin. Mrs. F. \V. Hathaway. C. W. Hitchc(Kk. Mrs. 
C. W. Hitchcock. Mrs. N. E. Holmes. Miss Clara Holmes. Bessie Kid- 
ney, A. N. Logan. ]\Irs. A. N. Logan. Miss Carrie Logan. K. C. Meyers. Mrs. 
K. C. Meyers. Mrs. Geo. E. Mullin. Mrs. G. F. O'Byrnc. Dr. E. L. Patterson. 
Mrs. E. L. Patterson. Rev. F. S. Priest. Mrs. F. L. Priest. A. J. Reifel. Mrs. 
A. J. Reifel. John C. Shirk. Mrs. J. C. Shirk, H. :^I. Stoops and -Miss Kath- 
erine W'inscott. 



The Brookville Indiana Historical Society came into existence as the re- 
sult of a desire on the part of many people of Brookville and vicinity to pre- 
serve the Little Cedar Baptist church. This little brick building-, located three 
miles down the river, was erected in 1812 and is the oldest Iiouse of worship 
now standing in Indiana. It had not been used for rej,nilar services for 
many years and as a result was fast falling into ruin. 'Ihe BajAiit 
congregation, whicli owned it, had long ago ceased to and the proj>erty 
was retained in the name of two trustees. J(jhn C. Ellis and George W. 
Childers. These two trustees in 190.S offered to turn it over to any organiza- 
tion in the ccmnty which would take care of it and it was fur the purpose of 
securing possession of this interesting old building that the Brookville Indiana 
Historical Society was organized on June 5, 1908. It was incorpf)rate(l under 
the laws of the state, thereby allowing it to hold and convey real estate. On 
July 17, 1908, the Historical Society, through its trustees, H. M. Stoops, 
James B. Kidney and Elmer Dennett, accejjted the building and the two 
acres and si.\ty-six sijuare yards on which it is located. The deed for the 
property was recorded in the name of the society on April jo, 19 id. 

Immediately upon acquiring the property, the society put a new roof on 
the building, replaced the old windows and doors and made some imi)rove- 
ments upon the interior of tlie building. It is the intention of the society to 
utilize the building ultimately as a museum wherein may be kept those things 
which will preserve for future generations something of the manner in whicli 
the early settlers of this county lived. Thus far the building stands empty 
and is used only once a year, one day in summer l>eing given to a celebration 
in the historic building, at which time the annual election is held. 

The only other property owned by tlie society is the old college Ijell, 
which is kept in the lil>rary building. When the old college building was 
torn down in 19 12 the bell was sold for old iron. On the day that it was 
being hauled through town to the freight house, A. X. Logan chanced to be 
passing along the street and immediately decided that he was going to pre- 
serve the bell. Mr. Logan found that the bell would bring fifty dollars as 
old iron and at once told the junk dealer that he believed he could take a 
subscription paper and raise the money. Within a short time the necessary 
amount had been raised and sixty-seven donors to the bell fund deserve suit- 
able recognition for their service in helping to save the old bell to Brook- 

The first officers of the Historical Society were as follows: President, 


John C. Sliirk; vice-presidents, J. O. Adains, A. H. Rockafellar. Harry 
Stoops and Mrs. \V. H. Bracken; secretary, Mrs. S. S. Harrell ; treasurer, 
Mrs. F. W. Hathaway. Tliese officers were elected July 17, 1908. at the 
little brick church which had that day become the proj)erty of the society. 
The annual elections have always been held at the church. The present offi- 
cers are : J. C. Shirk, president ; Harry M. Stoops, vice-president : .Amelia 
Hornung, secretary; Mrs. V. \V. Hathaway, treasurer; A. J. I'Jeifel. Mrs. 
John Kissel and George Dicksun, program committee. The charter mem- 
bers were ]\Ir. and Mrs. J. C. Shirk, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Cain, Mr. and 
Mrs. A. H. Rockafellar, Harry M. Stoops. J. O. Adams. Mrs. Emma Hath- 
away, Miss Julia Sharpe, Mrs. Martha Goodwin, Mrs. S. S. Harrell and Mrs. 
J. G. Chafee. 


The society in 19 15 enrolled one hundred and five members: Mr. and 
Mrs. J. C. Shirk. Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Showalter, Mr. and Mrs. I. M. Bridge- 
man, Mr. and Mrs. William M. Crist, Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Hathaway. Mr. 
and Mrs. J. O. Adams. Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Case, Mr. and Mrs. R. M. King. 
Mr. and Mrs. M. H. Irwin, Mr. and Mrs. George Mullin, Mr. and Mrs. A. 
H. Rockafellar, :Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Morton. Mr. and Mrs. \V. D. Bradt. Mr. 
and Mrs. John S. Martin, Mr. and Mrs. G. B. Buckingham, Mr. and Mrs. 
E. Ross Petty. Mr. and "Mrs. John H. Bishop, Mr. and^trs. George Dick- 
son, Mr. and ^Irs. A. N. Logan, James B. Kidney, Harry ?Sto)ops, Mrs. .\Iol- 
lie Cain, IVIrs. S. S. Flarrell. Miss Sallie Hanna, Mrs. J. G.' Chafee. Mrs. W. 
H. Bracken, Mrs. J. W. Vawter, Mrs. John-^KS^sel, Mrs.' Pamelia Cooley, 
Vina St. John, IMiss Amelia Hornung, Charle;f F. Jones. Amos W. Bvitler, 
Mrs. Martha Goodwin, Julia Sharpe, George E. Dennett. Frank West. Mrs. 
Walter Baker. William X. Bancs, Mrs. \\'illiam X. Bancs, Jethro Hamilton. 
Mrs. Caroline Herron, Jennie ■Miller. ^Tary Butler. ]Mrs. Belle Koerner. Viola 
Appleton, William M. Baker. ^Mrs. ^^'illiam M. Baker. Paul Applegate. Lewis 
Hornung, Will R. Hubbard, C. F. Robinson. Mrs. Margaret Carter. A. J. 
Suhre, J. O. Allen. W. W. Jackson, E. C. Smith, George Personett. Mrs. 
George Personett. ]\Trs. John Johns. J. P. Goodwin. 3,[rs. J. P. Goodwin. 
Dr. R. L. Hanna. IMrs. R. L. Hanna, Mrs. Samuel Thomas. J. M. Thorpe. 
R. L. Head, C. W. Hawkins, A. J. Ailes, A. J. Reifel, J. T. Gordon. Flerman 
Trichler, Dr. E. M. Glasser, IMrs. E. M. Glasser, Frank L. Hornung. L A. 
Popper, A. Bossert, Mrs. X'annie Shirk, Mrs. Jennie Yar\-an. William X". 
Biere, Mrs. William X''. Biere, Wilbur Rogers, Mrs. Wilbur Rogers, George 


S. Cottnian, Mrs. Rolicrt Cocjk and Laura Swayne. In addition to the one 
hundred and rive members ab<ne listed, tlicre liave been twenty-two dropi^ed 
for non-payment uf dues and eleven members lost by death. Mo^t of those 
who have been dropped have moved away from the county. 

The society meets once a month in the basement of the liljrary builfhn).j 
at Brookville, and (hn-in^^ tlie ei,t,dit years of its existence has collected no 
small amount oi material l)eariii,-- u|)on the early hist(jry of I'ranklin county. 
The constitution provides tliat the society shall Ijc divided into lilerarv, his- 
torical or biographical, educational, old settlers and natural history sections. 

It can be said that the local historical .society is the most active of anv 
county historical society in Indiana. Those who have visited other societies 
always speak of the interest and enthusiasm manifested by the local or^'-an- 
ization. The purpose for which it was organized is clearly set forth in the 
constitution, which says that "it shall be devoted to literature and to the col- 
lection and preservation of all matters of valuable county history from the 
earliest white settlement; personal history of the pioneers and all pronnnent 
men and women of the county: all matters of interesting- exi)erience. anec- 
dote, adventure and reminiscences of all kinds; morality, religion and edu- 
cational interest; agriculture, horticulture, machinery, manufacturers, indus- 
tries and industrial progress and other arts, and also to gather and preserve 
information as to the natural resources of the county and its alw^riginal and 
prehistoric life, its animal and vegetable remains, its native wo(k1s, grains, 
grasses, fruits, vegetables, vegetation, animals, birds, reptiles, fishes and other 
forms of animal life and any and all matters of interest to the present, or 
may be of interest and value to the future generations of our beloved town 
and county." 


T:e Anthropological Club of Brookville had a flourishing career for six 
years, 1892-98. Organized in September, 1892, for the study of the historv 
and development of the races and people of antiquity, it carried forth a pro- 
gram for several years which demanded hard work on the part of its mem- 
bers. The charter members were A. W. Butler, Dr. J. E. Morton, Dr. S. P. 
Stoddard, Rev. Meinard Meischmann. Harry M. Stoops. Miss (iertrude 
Quick, Miss H. R. West and Mrs. A. W. Butler. The first officers were as 
follow: Dr. J. K. Morton, president; A. W. Butler, secretarv; Rev. M. 
Fleischmann. director. During the six years that the club existed several 
other members were added, including .Mrs. W. H. Bracken. George Haman, 
A. N. Logan, :Mr. and Mrs. J. F. :\fcKee, Miss Elizabeth Berry, Mrs. R. J. 


Cain, Rev. D. L. ("hapiii, A. V. Deitz. Mrs. ( ). M. Meyncke. \)r. E. L. Pat- 
terson, \V. H. Sen(.)ur. E. M. 'I'ccijle, II. S. X'oorhecs, Kate W'inscott, Min- 
nie Cohn. Ida B. Mc\crs, Rrnest W. Showaltcr, Minnie Chambers and Carrie 

Some idea of the nature oi the work of this clul) may Ix.- leathered from 
the books which it studied. They read and really studied such books as P.rin- 
ton's "Races and Peoples," Maspero's "Life in Ancient Lj,''ypt and Assvria." 
Mason's "Woman's Share in Primitive Culture," Keane's "Ethnology," Pres- 
cott's "Conquest of Mexico" and Tyler's "Anthropolog-y." The club closed 
its career in the spring- of i8y<S with the followinc^ officers: President. A. W. 
Butler; secretary-treasurer, Minnie Cohu. The immediate causes leading to 
the dissolution of the club were the time and study required bv its constitu- 
tion and the death and removal of some of its leading- n-iembers. 

ladies' .sociai. cll'b of WIIirCOMB. 

This club was organized December 2. 1909, with the foIUnving- charter 
members: Mrs. Viola Seal, Mrs. Orpha Log-an, Cozette Golden. Mrs. Louise 
Watler, Mrs. Ora Updike, Edna Golden. Mrs. Arta Miles, Marv Wallace. 
Ida Witt, ]Mrs. Effie Stout and Mrs. Nancy Miles. The first officers were as 
follows : Mrs. Laura Seal, president ; Mrs. Louis Watler, vice-president ; 
Edna Golden, treasurer; Alary Wallace, secretary. 

This club was organized with the idea of giving its members not onlv 
the advantages of social intercourse, but at the san-ie time allowing them to en- 
gage in general literary and musical work. The club also takes an intelli- 
gent interest in the general welfare of the crmimunity and gives its hearty 
support to such measures as it believes will raise the standard of living. In 
other words, it is not only cultural, but also seeks to be utilitarian as well. 
Since the drgahization of the club the following- members have been added : 
Mrs. Mattie Lanning, Mrs. Prudence Wallace. Mrs. Susan Alever and Lydia 
Jaques. The present officers are as follows: Mrs. Effie Stout, president; 
Mary Wallace, vice-president ; Cozette Golden, secretary-treasurer. 


In the year 1892 there (Kxurred in IJrookviile two incidents of great in-i- 
portance. One was the completion of the water works system and the other 
was the establishment of a society with the fonnidable name. Scotus Gaul 
Picti. It was the completion of the water works which suggested to some of 
the citizens of the town the organization of tiie society. In the earlv part of 


April it was evident that the water works would Ije completed by the Fourth 
oi July and it was proposed to get the society started and celebrate the na- 
tional holiday, the completion of the water works and the organization of the 
society on the same day. 

With this idea in view a meeting was held on April 10, by M. C. Arm- 
strong, Herman Trichler, G. R. King, Louis Fedennann and G. Henri Bo- 
gart, at which time it was definitely decided to organize some kind of a so- 
ciety in Brook\iile. Mr. Trichler, who had been one of the prime movers 
in the Order of Cincinnatus, suggested the formation of a similar society, but 
taking its framework from Pictish histor}'. Two days later the same men, 
with A. L. Baughman and \V. H. Fogel, met, each being loaded down with 
books on Pictisli and Scottish history. Mr. P.ogart was selected to write the 
ritual, and as soon as it was written and accepted it was decided to formally 
institute the first clan of the new fraternity. Clan Ben Grampis No. I, 
Scotus Gaul Picti, was instituted in the city hall of Brookville in May, 1892, 
with the following officers : Herman Trichler, lord of firth and forth; G. Ray 
King, thane of the donjon keep; M. C. xA.rmstrong, earl of lochs and heather; 
H. B. Sauers, merlin churl of the pibroch ; A. L. Baughman, wizard of the 
northern lights; Louis Federman, warden of the Grampian marshes; G. Henri 
Bogart, lord of mounts and valleys; Ben F. Winans. seer of the sacred fire; 
William H. Fogel, monarch of the mystic mists; William £. Schoonover, 
knight of the castle gate ; John Koeber, keeper of portcullis. 

John Koeber had the honor of being the first initiate, followed by thirty- 
seven other candidates. The original object of the society was to help cele- 
brate the Fourth and the completion of the water works in a fitting manner, 
and this was kept in view throughout while the clan was being recruited. 
July 4, 1892, was a red letter day in the history of Brookville. The chief 
address was made by W. O. Thompson, president of Miami University. On 
that day one thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven tickets were sold on the 
White \\'ater Vallev railroad for Brookville. and other thousands drove to 
the town. It was the biggest celebration Brookville ever had up to that time, 
and the new society was responsible in a large measure for its success. The 
membership increased, and during the following winter a dramatic entertain- 
ment, "The Confederate Spy," was given to reimburse the treasury. 

The society continued its organization, and in April, 1894, decided to 
organize permanently. On the 26th of the month the clan was ordered in- 
corporated and at the same time it was decided to move into a permanent 
castle tower, the new home being occuj)ied for the first tim.e on May 15, 1894. 
At this time a committee w-as appointed, consisting of G. H. Bogart, Herman 


Trichlcr, C. F. Goodwin, G. Ray King and J. E. Morton, to revise the first 
degree and prepare a ritual for tlic seconrl degree. This was done, and the 
Picti appeared in all of their historical regalia on July 4, 1894. On that day 
the streets of Brookville were crowded with more than ten thousand people. 

Upon the reorganization of this fraternity in 1894 the following of- 
ficers were elected : Ben. F. W'inans, Kenneth McAlpin ; G. R. King, Bcde 
of Buchan ; .\. L. Baughnian, Coluniha of lona; Daniel Bower, Ecgred of 
Lindisfarne; John \V. Baker, Ewald of Jedburgh; M. C. Armstrong, Douglas 
of the Guard; J. S. M. Baker, bearer of the hazel rood; William H. Fogel, 
monarch of the mystic mists; FI. M. McFee, watchman of the outer hall; 
Louis Hornung, keeper of the tower. The second degree was given for the 
first time September 11, 1894. 

"the greatkst town on earth." 

Despite the auspicious beginning of the fraternity, it was not destined to 
immortality. Organized for the purpose of boosting Brookville, it soon en- 
rolled every business and professional man in the town and at the height of its 
career had at least two hundred and fifty members. Probably no organiza- 
tion ever had such a requirement for eligibility to membership. The con- 
stitution says : "Any male citizen of eighteen years of age or over, of good 
character, who believes that Brookville is the greatest town on earth, shall be 
eligible to membership." The dues were only fifty cents a year, and this 
was spent in a riotous, gustatory celebration annually. With an initiation 
fee of only fifty cents and annual dues of a similar amount, it may 1^ seen 
that the high cost of living was not responsible for the decline of the organ- 
ization. According to the testimony of the last Kenneth McAlpin fBen F. 
Winans), it died not from financial inanition, but from lack of constitutional 
quorums to transact business. During its brief but brilliant career the Picti 
received no little newspaper notoriety, and no less a paper than the A't"i' York 
Sun printed the entire constitution of the. order ami made, some verv' .flatter- 
ing remarks concerning the advisability of towns throughout the United 
States copying the example of Brookville. On the theory that the good die 
young, the Scotus Gaul Picti was fonnally interred on July 4, 1898, with all 
the honors due its honorable life. Its race had been run, its life had brought 
happiness to those who gave it birth, and now, like the old canal, it remains 
as a sweet memory in the minds of those who loved it. 


BKOOKVII.rj-. S(KII:tV (;F natural niST(;RY. 

There ha\e been an unusual iiuniher of Brookville citizens in the past 
wlio have been interested in the sciences and more than one organization of 
a scientific nature has been starletl in the town. I'robaljly, the most pre- 
tentious of these was the Society of N'atural Flistory. which was organized 
in February. 1881. with the following officers : Rev. D. R. M(jore, president; 
Charles F. Goodwin, vice-])residcnt ; Amos \V. Butler, recording secretary; 
Edgar R. Quick. corresi)onding secretary; John \\. Rehme, treasurer. This 
society was organized, as the name indicates, as the outgrowth of a desire 
on the part of its members to foster the study of nature in its various forms. 
Many of the members of the society had already made considerable collec- 
tions and within a short time the tt)wn had a museum of which it might well 
be proud. Franklin county, with its mounds, its hills, \allevs and water 
courses, with its wonderful display of fossils, with its varied flora and fauna, 
presents an attracti\e held for the naturalist. 

The local society was organized for real w(jrk and oulv those were 
members who had a scientific turn of mind. .As evidence of the earnestness 
of their work, they dividetl their membership into groups and made each 
group the head of the department. These heads of departments were as 
follows: O, M. Meyncke, curator of botany; Rev. D. R. Moore, curator of 
conchology ; William I'ederman. curator of entomology: John Shirk, curator 
of herpathology ; Edgar R. Quick, curator of mammalogy; Amos W. Butler, 
curator of ornithology; Prof. M. E. Smith, curator of geology; Dr. L. D. 
Dillman, curator of comparati\e anatomy; Clifford Case, curator of mineral- 

For several years the society did excellent work along the lines which 
were planned in the beginning. For two or three winters a free lecture 
course was maintained for the town and county, including such men as 
Jordan, Eigenman, Druiy, Everman, Jenkins. Gilbert. \\'iley. Ridpath. Loyd. 
John M. and Stanley Coulter and many (Others of national reputation. A 
hall was fitted u]:) over the room now occu])ied by the Crystal theater and in 
this was kept the museum of the society as well. A large amount of ma- 
terial was collected during the career of the society and when it di.sbanded 
most of it was returned to the donors. The removal of some of the mem- 
bers and the increase of membership from the ranks of the non-scientific 
caused interest in the society to decline. The last meetings were held in 
1890 or i8gi, although several efforts were made to revive the organization. 


Eventually the Anthropological Society was finally organized out of the 
remnant of the once thrifty Xatiiral History Society. 


The Academy of jMusic was organizer! in !May, 1895, by Charles F. 
Goodwin for the purpose of creating a greater interest in music in Brook- 
ville. It was at that time decided to give twelve recitals each year. Ten 
of these had been given before the death of Mr. Goodwin, on January 12, 
1896. The first recital was held April 12, 1895, at which time eighty per- 
sons gathered in the parlors of the Goodwin home and the tenth recital was 
held on the last day of that same year. 

This society represented twelve ditterent families of Brookville and 
vicinity in the beginning, although others were later admitted to membership. 
Mr. Goodwin became the first director and after the reorganization of the 
society, in the fall of 1896. Oscar J. Ehrgott, a professional musician of 
Cincinnati, was chosen director. In the fall of 1896, a chorus of si.xty-five 
voices was organized, which contained not only all of Brookville's best talent, 
but also members from Laurel, Fairfield and Mt. Carmel. The society con- 
tinued to give recitals at intervals for two or three years and then gradually 
dwindled away. While it lasted it gave some of the best concerts which the 
town has ever had and its passing was sincerely regretted by the true lovers 
of music. . - 


, , . ■ CHAPTER XVII. 


The first schools of Frankhn county were either voluntary schools taught 
by some public spirited pioneer or else what was known as a subscription 
school. Public schools supported by a state fund did not come into exist- 
ence until after tlic adoption of the constitution of 1852. The educational 
history of Franklin county before that time was not dissimilar to that of 
other counties in the state. As early as 1818 the Legislature of the state made 
provision for a seminary fund in the various counties of the state. This was 
made necessary because the first constitution of the state, which was, in a 
measure, based upon the ordinance of 1787, provided that every si.xteenth 
section of land in the state should be set aside for school purposes. This 
land was to be sold or, if a purchaser was not found, it was to be rented and 
the proceeds from the sale or the rent were to be used for the maintenance of 
schools. Unfortunately, much of the school land of Franklin county was poor 
land, and the result was that there was not a large amount derived from this 
source for school purposes. In addition to the proceeds of the school sections, 
the money from' fines, "forfeitures and money collected from winners in 
gambling, when the loser was not on hand to claim it, was placed in the 
school fund. In the early days of the history of the state lotteries were a 
very common thing, and, strange as it may seem, the first university in In- 
diana — the university at Vincennes — was put on a sound financial basis by a 
lottery scheme, which was authorized by the territorial Legislature. 

Since there was but little public money for school purposes, it was not 
possible to get teachers without offering them additional compensation. Hence, 
for a period of about fhirty-five years, Franklin county had what were known 
as subscription schools. Usually the patrons of a school district would build 
a rude log schoolhouse and some itinerant pedagogue would be selected to 
"conduct school" for periods varying from two to six months, averaging 
about three months. The rates of tuition were very low. and the average 
compensation of the early teachers of Franklin county verv^ seldom amounted 
to more than twenty dollars a month. It is true that the teacher ''toarded 
around" for his room and board, so that he was put to very little, if any, 


The teachers were nearly always men, for the reason that in those days 
physical prowess was as essential to success in a schoolroom as a well disci- 
plined brain. No truer picture of early school days in Indiana has ever been 
drawn than may be found in Eggleston's "Hoosier School Master." The 
qualifications of the early teachers were very limited, and as late as 1831 the 
legislature of Indiana said that "The English language, writing and arith- 
metic" should constitute the (|ualifications for a teacher in the schools of the 
state. These are the three I\"s of our forefathers and they passed their ex- 
amination in "readin,' 'ritin' and 'rithmetic" before a trustee who very fre- 
quently was unable to read or write. There were many cases where no e.x- 
amination at all was given, this being especially the case with tliose teachers 
who derived all of their compensation from subscriptions. 


This article would not be complete without a description of one of those 
early log schoolhouses. The building might be as large as the patrons wanted 
to make it, but, interesting to note, the legislature provided that the iloor had 
to be a foot off of the ground and the ceiling at least eight feet high. As a 
matter of fact, however, the roof was frequently used as a ceiling. The in- 
terior arrangement was designed with the view of taking advantage of the 
one window on either side of the building. This window was made 
by removing a log from the side of the building and covering the opening 
with sheets of well-greased linen paper. The paper furnished another pur- 
pose as well. On it were written the letters of the alphalx-t by some one who 
was a good penman, and also the Arabic and Roman notation, as well as 
various geometrical figures. Before this window was placed a long, hewn 
log, made as smooth as possible, and this was the table at w^hich the boys and 
girls sat during their writing lessons. The ritde bench before this equally 
rude table was without a back, and, as far as that was concerned, there were 
no benches in the school with backs. The pupils sitting at the long table had 
their copy before them on the window, and many stories are told of the let- 
ters of Jonathan Jennings, the first governor of Indiana, which ser\-ed as 
copies for the boys and girls of early Indiana. The two ends of the school- 
house were occupied by a door and fireplace, respectively. The fireplace 
was from five to ten feet wide, and enough wood was consumed during a 
long winter to heat a modem school building of several rooms. As to the 
equipment of the rooms and the supplies of the children, there was a great 
variance. There was no paper for use for any purpose, except in the copy- 


book, and oftentimes the writing exercise had to be done on a slate- If 
paper was used, then the writing was done with a gooscquill pen and with 
ink made out of pokeberries, walnut juice or soft maple bark. In order to 
make this ink have the proper consistency and permanency, copperas was 
used, while the modern blotter was simulated by fine sand sprinkled over the 
paper. The paper at that time was all made out of rags and was expensive 
in comparison to its cost today. Consequently, it was used as sparingly as 
possible, while the slate was considered as indispensable as the spelling book. 
There were no dictionaries, no globes, no maps, and in many of the first 
schoolhouses there was no blackboard. However, this last deficiency was 
soon remedied, since it was necessary to have a blackboard for ciphering. 

The course of study and the method of recitation should be briefly no- 
ticed. As has been stated, the "three R's" furnished the basis of the educa- 
tion which was given in the early schools. There were no classes in school, 
as we understand them now. Grading the pupils according to their age or 
advancement was unheard of. For many years the pupils held up their hands 
when they thought they had their lesson ready to recite, and the teacher 
would call them one by one to his seat, and ha\'e them repeat their lesson — 
and, what is interesting, they had to memorize their lesson word for word. 
There were really as many classes in school as there were pupils. 

These schools, supported in part by public funds, but mostly bv private 
subscriptions, continued to flourish until after the adoption of the new con- 
stitution in 1852. Then there was ushered in a new era in education through- 
out the state, although there were many counties which were slow to take ad- 
vantage of the provisions of the new law. 


An interesting relic of the old subscription schools of Franklin county is 
owned by James Collins, an ex-commissioner of Johnson county, in the shape 
of an old document setting forth an agreement between his grandfather, John 
Collins, and the patrons of a school district near New Trenton, in Franklin 
county. This century-old document is reproduced here with its bad spelling, 
quaint language and ambiguous grammar: 


"Articles of agreement between John Collins & his Implovers, wit- 
nesseth that sd. Collins doth agree to teach an English school for the 
term of six months in reading, writing and arithmetick at his own 
house and at the rate of four dollars per scholar, the one-half in money, 


the balance in merchantable corn, wheat, pork, beef, or baken, Diliv- 
ered at sd. Collins' own house, payment to be made quarterly. The 
school is to commence on the first day of April 1816, Saturdays ex- 
cepted; and for the purposes within mentioned we the subscribers 
have jointly set our names etc etc. 

Patrons No. scholars Tuition 

Samuel Rockafellar 2 $ 8.00 

John H. Rockafellar i 4.00 

James Jones i 4.00 

Moses Barber 2 8.00 

Noah J. Smith ^4 i-CO 

Enoch Smith 3 12.00 

John M. Conner i^^ 6.00 

Jonathan J. Smith ^ i.oo 

William S. Smith l 4.00 

William Raider 2 

John Hinhgon 2 8.00 

Basil Gaither i 4.00 

William Smith i 4.00 

Nathan Aitcheson 2 8.00 

Abner Conner 34 2.00 

Joseph Adair I s.\jo 

John Adair J^ 2.00 

Samuel Thorrington i 4.00 

James Coll i 4.00 

Richard Manwaring j^ 2.00 

Thomas J. Larimore ^ 2.00 

Joshua Parvis i 4.00 

James Jones 1 4.00 

Thomas Manwaring i 4.00 

Henr>' Lynes 1 4.00 

If every one of these i)atrons paid what they subscribed, the lucky peda- 
gogue would have received the staggering amount of S116 for his six months' 
work. It is needless to state, however, that he "boarded around," as was tlie 
fashion those days, and hence all he made was clear money. It is not knov»-n 
how long the "sd." Collins taught in the county. 



One of the most prominent and at the same time one of the most suc- 
cessful of the early teachers of the northern part of the county was Nimrod 
Kerrick, the father of Mrs. W. H. Bracken, now living in Brookville, 

Mr. Kerrick was born in Loudoun county, Virginia, in 1808, came to 
Franklin county, Indiana, in 1824, and settled with his parents on a farm 
three miles east of Fairfield. His father, Thomas Kerrick, had been a 
teacher in Virginia, and, after coming to Indiana, taught for some years in 
Decatur county. 

Nimrod Kerrick received part of his education in the schools in Vir- 
ginia and completed it under the instruction of a Quaker teacher at Dunlaps- 
ville. Union county, Indiana. When a young man he began teaching at 
Fairfield, and later taught near Blooming Grove. His ability as an instructor 
so impressed the people of Blooming Grove township that a number of men 
co-oi>erated in building a brick building for him a quarter of a mile east of 
Blooming Grove, and in this building he taught subscription schools for ten 
years. While teaching in this county he was ordainefl as a local minister in 
the Methodist Episcopal church at Blooming Grove. About 1848 he began 
teaching in Clarksburg, Decatur county, Indiana, and after teaching there a 
few years he joined the Methodist conference. For the next eight years he 
preached at Milford, Arlington, IManilla. IMilroy and Liberty. From Liberty 
he moved to a farm in W^oodford county, Illinois, and six years later located 
in Marshall county, in that state, where he lived for eleven vears. He then 
moved to Blooniington. Illinois, where two of his sons had previouslv grad- 
uated in the law school of that city. He died there, December 13. 1897. in 
his ninetieth year. 

Mrs. Bracken has in her possession the papers of her father and among 
them is one of the subscription lists which her father drew up and circulated 
for his school at Fairfield in the fall of 1837. In order that future genera- 
tions of Franklin county may know something of the earlv subscription 
schools of the county, this paper is here reproduced from his original copy. 
The names of his patrons for the year 1837-38 are also given. It will be 
interesting to many of the descendants of these sturdv pioneers. 

"Nimrod Kerrick proposes to teach (for five months beginning in No- 
vember, 1837) in the town of Fairfield, School District No. 3, Township No. 
10 of Range 2 West, for the term of five months. Branches to be tauglit : 
Orthography. Reading, ^^■>iting. Arithmetick, English, Grammar and Geog- 
raphy. Price of tuition, S3. 33 1/3 per scholar per session of five months. 
Proper hours and strick attention will be obser\'ed by said Kerrick. 



"And we, the uiidersij^ned in consiiJeration of the above named [perform- 
ance by the said N. Kerrick do a^aee to pay unto him at the expiration of the 
term $1.66 2/3 for each scholar according to the number annexed to our sev- 
eral names." 

The patrons who subscribed to the above agreement were as follows: 
Nathaniel Basset, Daniel Landon. Clement Cory, Jonathan Garton. Benja- 
min Snowden, Hezekiah Ogden, Jacob Cheney, William Claypool. Jesse 
Bennet, William Smith, John C. Cunningham, Thomas Adams, Hudson Gen- 
try, James Graham, John Hughes, John Sims, James Hart, James Beans. 
William Hays, Mr. Bryson, John McFealy, William Dodd, John Eckman, 
Aaron Masters, Mary Garrison, Joseph Alyea, Levi Munson, L. Casterline, 
M. H. Wilder, William Galbreth. Mr. Hatcher, Jeremiah Oakes, John Wil- 
liams, Gregg Thompson. James Bailey, David Logan, William Muore, Ruth 
Bennet, William Logan, Readin Osborn, Elisha Hill. C. R. Cory, Lukin Os- 
born, Mr. Galbreath, C. Hall and Joseph Dailey. These forty-six patrons 
sent fifty-one pupils to Mr. Kerrick. 


During the period from 181 6 to 1852 there were several excellent 
schools in the county, which achie^-ed more than a local reputation. The best 
known school of the county was the county seminary at Brookville, although 
its educational supremacy was not admitted by those who had charge of the 
academy at Laurel. Li addition to these two academies there were academ.ies 
established at Springfield. ]\It. Carmel and Peoria. It has not been possible 
to secure access to the school records of any of these institutions, with the 
exception of the county seminary at Brookville. 


An interesting chapter in the history of education in Franklin county 
is contained in a volume which holds the minutes of the meetings of the 
trustees of the seminar}' from their first meeting, December 11, 1S30, until 
their last meeting, August 6, 1851. During this period of twenty years there 
was maintained in the town of Brookville an institution of learning which 
attained high rank among the seminaries of Lidiana. From its doors there 
went forth men who were destined to make a reputation which was to extend 
not only throughout the state, but throughout the nation. 

The historian may read between the pages of this interesting old volume 
the desires of the people of Franklin county to give their children the ad- 


vantages of a good school. During this score of years the seminary trus- 
tees made every effort to maintain the school at a high state of efficiency, and, 
if it is true that an institution is judged by the men and women which it 
sends forth into the world, then it can truly be said that the old seminary 
at Brookville was an institution whose record for usefulness should \)c a 
source of pride to the descendants of the worthy people who there received 
such excellent educational advantages. 

The authority for the establishment of the county seminary was based 
upon the legislative act of 1827, which provided that the circuit court of such 
counties as desired to establish a seminary should appoint three men who 
were to be known as the "county seminary trustees." Pursuant to this legis- 
lative act the court of Franklin county, in the spring of 182S, appointed 
Thomas W. Colescott, Abraham Lee and Lemuel Snow as trustees. This 
board was authorized to select a site for a seminary building, sui>erintend the 
erection of the same, have general management of all school funds and se- 
lect the teachers. On i\Iay 6, 1S28. an order for one hundred and twenty-five 
dollars was ordered drawn by the county commissioners in favor of the sem- 
inary trustees to pay for lots S<j and 88 in Brookville. The school fund at 
this time amounted to six hundred dollars, and the trustees at once con- 
tracted with Jacob Irwin for the erection of the seminary building. The 
trustees bought lots Sj and 88 in John Allen's plat, from John John, Jr.. the 
purchase being concluded and the deed executed June 14. 1829. According 
to the records in the recorder's office, these two lots remained in the hands 
of the seminary trustees until September 6, 1862, at which time they were 
purchased by the town of Brookville for school purposes. By a deed exe- 
cuted May 8. 1S88, the two lots, with the buildings thereon, were transferred 
by the town of Brookville to John Burkhart, and since that time the building 
and lots have been held by private owners. 

The record of the meetings of the seminary trustees shows that their 
first meeting was held on Saturday, December 11. 1830. with the following- 
members present : Joseph 3vleeks, Thomas W. Colescott, David Mount. 
Abram Lee, John Wynn, John Davis and William rvIcCleery. The board or- 
ganized by electing Joseph Meeks. president; Thomas Colescott. treasurer, 
and William McCleen.-, secretary. It appears that two members of the board. 
William Sims, Jr.. and William R. ^Morris, had been removed, and the board 
elected Richard Tyner and John T. !McKinney to fill these vacancies. A 
committee composed of John Wynn, August Jocelyn and John T. McKinney 
was appointed to select "some suitable person as a teacher to take charge of 
the Franklin County Seminary." On April 2, 183 1, it was reported at a 


meeting of the trustees that Rev. Isaac A. Ogden had been examined and 
found qualified to act as principal of the seminary. At this time tlie board 
ordered the principal to take charge of the seminary as soon as the lower 
rooms were prepared, although it is interesting to note that the compensation 
which the principal was to receive was left for future arrangement. The 
records do not disclose the salary received by the first principal, Rev. Ogden, 
who remained only one year. At the June, 1832, meeting of the trustees a 
committee was again appointed to select a principal, and nine days later, June 
25, one prospective applicant, James Powers, appeared before the committee. 
However, he was not considered sufficiently qualified to hold the position, 
and the board refused to appoint him as principal. There must have been 
considerable doubt on the part of the board concerning the question of se- 
lecting a principal, since at this juncture it was ordered "tliat the secretary 
cause an advertisement to be inserted in the Liberty Hall and Cincinnati Ga- 
zette, advertising for a teacher in the Franklin County Seminary." Evidently 
the advertisement was productive of results, for on July 11 of the same year, 
James B. Haile appeared and qualified for the position. 

Haile continued in charge until the summer of 1834, at which time he 
either resigned or was dismissed by the trustees. On April 5, 1834, the trus- 
tees allowed Margaret White "to occupy the eastern room in the seminary 
as a schoolroom for the term of three months," and it is presumable that she 
taught a subscription school for that length of time during the spring and 
summer of 1834. At the August meeting of the board, it appears that Haile 
had terminated his contract as principal, and the board immediately proceeded 
to the selection of a new principal. On September 9 of the same year they 
appointed Rev. David M. Stewart, a Presbyterian minister, as principal, and 
at the May, 1835, meeting the trustees gave Stewart permission "to reside 
with his family in the upper story of the seminar}-." IMr. Stewart reported 
to the board, on March 2, 1836, that he could no longer continue as principal. 
and on March 25 the trustees announced the appointment of Mason W. Haile 
as principal of the seminary, the new principal to take charge of the school 
within six weeks from that time. It appears from the records that the at- 
tendance thus far had been less than fifty-five, since a resolution, adopted 
November 25, 1835, required that whenever the number of scholars shall 
amount to fifty-five the principal shall employ an assistant. 

During the time INTason \V. Haile was principal of the seminary- he was 
ordered to secure an assistant, the trustees feeling that he could not do good 
work with as many pupils as were then in attendance. Although the record 
does not state whom he hired, there is still living in Brookville at least one 


person, Lucinda Meeks, who was a student in the seminary at the time when 
Mr. Haile selected his sister Jane as his assistant. It is interesting to know 
that the father of -Miss Meeks was the first president of the seminary trustees. 

The trustees ordered suppHes and repairs for the seminary building at 
various times. In 1835 api't'i''^^ ^n a!li)\vancc of three dollars and twenty- 
five cents for an ax, hucket. l)rooin anrl tin cup. In 18:57 the trustees appro- 
priated one dollar for a pair of tongs and shrnxd, an<l at the same time au- 
thorized the erection of a cupola upon the seminary, the same to be fur- 
nished with a suitable hell. This hell is still doing duty in the belfry of the 
Brookville town hall. In the fall of iS'jy the seminary building was "neatly 
painted and surronded with substantial board fence, i)ainted in like manner." 

By the year 1842 there appears to have been a demand for instruction 
in what was then termed natural philosophy. In that year the trustees bought 
the following physical apparatus : Electrical machine, air pump, retorts, two 
kinds of thermometers, Florence flask, horseshoe magnet, prism, a set of 
lenses, lamp and furnace, dropping tube, blow pipe, evaporating dish and two 
gas receivers. This apparatus cost eight}'-one dollars and sixty-eight cents. 
In 1847 the board of trustees appro[)riated fifty dollars "for the purchase of 
mathematical, astronomical. ])hiloso])liical and chemical instruments, and for 
the repairs of apparatus now on hand.'' 

The position of principal does not appear to have been very remunera- 
tive, and this fact may account for the difficulty which confronted the trus- 
tees in getting good teachers. From the beginning of the seminary, the prin- 
cipals derived their salaries from two sources, a fixed sum paid by the trus- 
tees and a certain percentage of the tuition fees. Unfortunately, the records 
of the trustees do not state the compensation of any one of the teachers, al- 
though one principal received as much as fifty-four dollars for a term of 
twelve weeks. This appears to have !)een the maximum received from the 
trustees, while the tuition fees varied considerably from vear to vear. It 
would be interesting to know how many students attended the old seminary-, 
but in the minute records of twenty years the attendance is given in only one 
instance. The trustees made an investigation as to the attendance during 
two terms of twelve weeks each in the school year of 1S3S-39. and found 
that the attendance varied from thirty-two to sixty-nine, with a weekly 
average of about fifty. It is fair to presume that the attendance during this 
year was as large as at any time during the whole history of the seminarv. 
The trustees had ordered in 1836 that the principal should hire an assistant 
whenever the attendance reached fiftv-five, and vet there are onlv two in- 


Stances noted in the seminary records where an extra teacher was required, 
and in both cases it was for a term of twelve weeks. 

The length of the school year seems to have been ten months, the first 
term beginnint,'- in September and tlie last term ending in the latter part of 
July. The only specific reference to the length of the school year is found 
in the minutes of May 17, 1845, at which time the board of trustees ordered 
that the "academic year shall hereafter be divided into three sessions, as fol- 
low: The first session will commence on the first Monday of SqjtemlK-r 
and end on the 20th of the following December. The second session will 
begin on the first Monday of January and end the 20th of the following 
April. The third session will commence on the first Monday of May and end 
the last of July." 

The names of the first four principals — Isaac A. Ogden, James B. Haile, 
David M. Stewart and ]\Iason \V. Ilaik- — have already been given. The 
latter named held the position longer than any other man, being the head 
of the seminary- for six years. He resigned in IMarch, 1S42, and entered 
the mercantile business in Brookvillc. The principals from 1842 to 185 1, 
when the seminarv M-as closed, were as follows : William 1. Patterson, 
1842-44; Cyrus L. Blanchard, 1S44-45: John R. Goodwin, 1845-47; George 

A. Chase, 1847-48; Ilarwood, 1848-49; Oscar F. Fitch. 1849; 

George Bent. 1849-30: Ingalls, 1850; F. R. A. Jeter, 1850-51. 

In order that future generations may know the official record concern- 
ing the closing of the famous old seminary, the historian here inserts in 
its entirety the minutes of the last meeting of the seminarv trustees. 

"August 6, 1 85 1. 

"The board of seminary trustees met: present, ^Messrs. Line, Robeson. 
Clark and Abbott. 

"It appearing to the satisfaction of the board that a school could not 
be maintained in the seminary building without draining more of the seminary 
funds than tlie board felt justified in giving, it was resolved to rent the 
building and apparatus to the trustees of the Indiana High School, com- 
mencing on the day of September. 1851, at such rates as may be 

agreed upon. The said trustees of the Indiana High School to give up 
possession of the building at any time demanded by this board. 

".And the Board adjourned. 

"Mason Abbott, Stxretary." 

The new constitution of Indiana adopted in 1852 provided for a general 


system of free public schools and consequently all the county seminaries 
scattered throughout tlie state were doomed to a speedy dissolution. Some 
of them attempted to continue their career as subscription schools, but 
within five years the county seminary was a thing of the past. Brookville 
looked upon the passing of the old seminary as being a direct blow at the 
educational interests of the town and county. Before the old seminary 
had fairly breathed its last there was a project on foot to start another 
educational institution in Brookville to take the place of the old seminary. 
At that time there were two denominations in Brookville, the Methodists 
and Presbyterians, both of whom were desirous of being sponsor for an 
academy or college of some kind. The Presbyterians were fortunate in 
having a well educated ministry, and Rev. R. B. Abbott maintained an ex- 
cellent high school in the basement of the Presbyterian church from 1857 
to 1865. 

This was known as Brookville high school, and for eight years was 
maintained by the local Presbyterian church. An interesting advertisement 
of this Brookville high school is seen in the Franklin Democrat of February 
17, i860: 


Teachers' Academic Department : 

Rev. R. B. Abbott, A. M. Arthur Harlow, A. B. 

Mrs. Mary Lynch _Middle Department. 

Lorinda Kilgore Primary Department. 

Ada Raymond, M. E. I Music Teacher. 

Students received at any time and charged with tuition only for the time 
of attendance, but no deduction will be made for absence of less than an 
entire week. 

Tuition Per Week: 

Spelling, 1st Reader, 2nd Reader, ist Part Mental Arithmetic 25 cents 

3rd Reader, 4th Reader, 2nd Part Mental Arithmetic. 3rd Arith- 
metic to Fractions, Primary Grammar, Primary Geography 30 cents 

Arithmetic, Grammar. Geography, Ancient History. Rhetoric 40 cents 

Algebra, Natural Philosophy, Rhetoric, Physiolog}-, Astronomy 50 cents 

Geometry, Trigonometry. Surveying, Mental and [Moral Science, 

Latin, Greek, Bookkeeping 60 cents 

Music, including use of Piano 90 cents 


The Presbyterians had an academy at Dunlapsville in Union county 
which started in the early fifties and which became a stronj^ competitor of 
Brookville College later on. The Methodist church of Brookville succeeded 
in inducing- the conference to establish a higher institution of learning in 
Brookville by assuring the conference that sul'ficient money could be raised 
locally to erect a suitable college building. The year following the closing 
of the seminary (1851) Brookville College was formally established in 
Brookville under the control of the Methodist church. This institution 
flourished for a score of years and attracted students from many of the 
neighboring counties. The following article on the college is written bv 
one of its earliest students and not only gives the facts concerned with its 
history, but many interesting side lights on school life in the fifties: 

By Mrs. W. II. Bracken. 

For a considerable part of this paper I am indebted to Jennie Miller, 
who so kindly loaned me a number of old catalogues of Brookville College 
and several letters written to her brother, James Miller, by persons of whom 
he had inquired for information concerning teachers and pupils of the early 
days of the college's existence, all of which Mr. ]\[iller and his sister collected 
and carefully preserved. Mr. Miller and his sister were both pupils in the 
college and knew much of its history personally. Also I owe ^Mrs. Goodwin 
thanks for the loan of one of the first catalogues ever sent out by Brook- 
ville College. From that catalogue I obtained some of the very earliest 
history of the college after it was fairly launched on its educational career. 

The early residents of Brookville and Franklin county led in every- 
thing that was elevating and ennobling. Of course, they took great interest 
in education and, as fast as their limited means would permit, established 
schools. They hastened to avail themselves of the benefits of the seminaPv- 
laws of 1818, and by 1833 they had the Franklin County Seminarv in 
operation, and by 1837 the Laurel Academy, the other schools of the county 
keeping in touch with the other county schools of the state. The seminar}-, 
under able instructors, for a time gave satisfaction, but soon the need of 
better and higher institutions of learning became apparent, their necessity' 
becoming more and more evident daily. For years the friends of education 
insisted upon better educational facilities, but nothing was done until 1S4Q, 
when Rev. E. U. Sabin was appointed to the pastorate of the Methodist 
Episcopal church in Brookville. Rev. Sabin was soon impressed with the 
glaring deficiencies in local educational facilities and became a zealous 


advocate and untiring worker in behalf of a higher institution than the 
seminary, which was then doing its best under the circumstances, but faihng 
to meet the demand. The friends of education, the Goodwins, Witts, Wel- 
lands, Johns, Johnsons, Speers, Prices, Tyners, Lynns, Carmichaels, Ray- 
monds, Williams, McCartys, Kemys and many others whose names I do not 
now recall, joined Rev. Sabin in advfcating the fonnding of a more advanced 
institution that woukl meet the demands. .\s usual. dirficultie> aru<e. What 
should it be called? An academy or a college? Should it be denominational 
or undenominational? Should it be in the northern or southern part of 
town? The name "Brookville College" was finally decided upon. It was 
established under the auspices of the Methodist church, and was under 
the control of that denomination during its whole career. The contentions 
as to where it should be located grew very warm and spirited, and at times 
assumed a serious aspect for the new institution. 

The contentions were settled by James W. Speer returning from a visit 
to his old home in New Jersey and bringing with him a draft of a college 
built on an elevation. This, with the financial support of ]\Ir. Speer. decided 
the matter of location. The plan first made of the building was shown to 
Walter Baker, who. with tiie eye of a practical mechanic, pointed out several 
defects and suggested several changes. Mr. Baker took the plans to Cin- 
cincinnati and submitted them to the examination of a 'Sir. Bavless. a leading 
architect, who heartily approved of the changes suggested by Mr. Baker and 
they were adopted. Previous to this, it had been determined to raise the 
money to erect the building by subscription, and papers were soon circulated 
soliciting donations of any amount. The largest donation received was one 
hundred dollars. However, the money was raised somehow, or at least 
enough of it to begin the erection of a college building in the spring of 
1851 or 1852. 

The enterprise was undertaken by men of energy and resolution and 
showed healthful jjrogress. even in the first and second vears of its existence, 
a sufficient pledge of its ultimate success. 

It was designed to furnish every facility for obtaining as thorough a 
collegiate education, for both young men and young women, as could be 
fumished at that time at any college in the West. The first catalogue, pub- 
li.shed for 1851 and 1852, spoke of the beautiful spot on which the college 
building was being erected, and also stated that when completed it would be 
surpassed by very few college buildings in the West for convenience and 
academic purposes. 

As soon as the college building was completed, it was the intention to 


build a large domicile on the campus for the residence of the president 
and for the accommodation of the boarders in the institution, but that build- 
ing was never even begun, though later on a part of the college building 
was fitted up and used by the president as a home. For two years, 185 1- 
53, the county seminary was used for collegiate purposes. It was capable 
of accommodating about one luindrcd fifty pupils. 

There were three departments in the college work, the primary, the 
academic and the collegiate. The English course required three years and 
the classical course four years. Rev. Gilbert M. Dunn, A. M., was the first 
president of Brookville College and held the chair of languages and English 
literature. Rev. T. A. Goodwin, A. M., was the professor of mathematics 
and of mental and moral science; later he became the third president of the 
institution. Charles Lochner was professor of vocal and instrumental music; 
James Shera was preceptor in primary department. Tuition in the primary 
department was two dollars per quarter; in the academic department, three 
dollars, and in the collegiate department, five dollars per quarter. Boarding 
could be had in good families in Brookville at from one dollar and fifty 
cents to two dollars per week. 

In the first and second }ears of the existence of tiie college. I find but 
two students from outside of Franklin county. These were from Ripley 
county, Emily S. Alden and Amos D. Cunningham. It is interesting to 
note the course of study and the books used in the college. In the primary 
department the following books were used : Eclectic primer, spelling book, 
first, second and third readers. Smith's priman^ geography, first book of his- 
tory, Pasley's Bible stories of biography, Ray's first and second arithmetic 
and second book of histoiy. 

In the academic department the course of study included: English gram- 
mar, geography, arithmetic, analysis, aids to composition. hi5tor\- of the 
United States and jihilisophy. In the collegiate department, algel^ra. ancient 
history, bookkeeping, parsing, Latin grammar and botany were studied dur- 
ing the first term ; in the second term, modern historv. ])arsing and false 
syntax, algebra, botany, natural history. Latin and Greek grammar. The 
third term included logic, chemistry, trigonometry', astronomy, Latin and 
Greek. In the senior year mental philosophy, geologv*. astrononiA'. Greek 
and political economy were carried the first term, while the latter part of the 
senior year covered moral philosophy, evidences of Christianity, phvsiologv 
and elements of criticism. 

My first acquaintance with Brookville College was in October. 18^3. 
The walls of the building then were finished to almost the third stor\-. In 


November of the same year, two rooms were finished on the first floor, and 
the school was moved from the seminary to the college building. The first 
class was graduated in 1S55. The following were the members 01 that 
class: Kate Barbour, of Springfield; Ada Haymond, of Brookville; Georgia 
Holland, of Brookville, and Sue Keely, of Brookville. The class of 1S56 
had but one member, Rouena Price, of Brookville. The class of 1857 had 
two members, Laura V. Hitt and Sallie F. H. Keely. In the class of 1858 
were two members, M. Ella O'Byrne, of Springfield, Indiana, and E. M. 
Berwick, of Greencastle, Indiana. On November 18, 1857, I was enrolled 
as a scholar in Brookville College, and at the end of that year was informed 
by the president. George H. Chase, that if I would return the next year anrl 
study hard, I might graduate with the class which was one year and one 
term ahead of me in the college work. I was very much surprised at the 
information, but I came back and went through with the class, though 
taking only the English course. The graduating class of 1859, the one to 
which I belong, contained ten members, as follows : Hattie N. Binkley, 
Sarlton, Ohio; Emma ]M. Chafee, Brookville; R. Jennie Dole, Brookville; 
Amelia H. John, Brookville ; P. Anna Kerrick, Liberty ; Nancie V. Lock- 
wood, Fayette county; Margaret L. McLean, Springfield; Man' A. Rous, 
Vevay, Indiana; Margaret Shaw, Vevay, and Lon M. Williams. Brookville. 
This was the largest class ever graduated from the old Brookville College. 
and larger than any class graduated from the Bro<:>kville high school until 
many years later. 


I have now reached the point in my paper where I can give you what 
I knew personally of the Brookville College, its teachers, its students, and 
the friends of the college generally. When I came to the college, Rev. 
George A. Chase was president. He was a perfect gentleman, highly 
educated for that day, an excellent educator and greatly beloved by us all. 
John P. Rous, A. M., was professor of ancient languages; J. H. Stephenson 
taught the collegiate department; Rev. "John W. Locke, A. M., was lecturer 
on moral science; Joseph Ryrnan, teacher of academic department: ^vlrs. 
Chase, Henrietta S. Hay, IM. Ella O'Byrne. teachers in the preparaton,- 
department; Rev. Max Huhans. teacher of German; Adolph Links, teacher 
of penmanship ; Mrs. Annie L. Rous, teacher piano, guitar and melodeon. 
The assistant teachers were Mollie H. Rous. Emma M. Chafee and R. Jennie 

Strange as it may seem, there were more people living in Broolcville 


then than now, though probably there were not more than half as many 
houses in the town. At that time, when the doors of the houses opened 
several people came out. It was a rare thing to find a home with only two 
people living in it, and I do not think there was a house in town where one 
person lived alone. Quite a number of young people boarded here and 
attended college. The homes of Joseph Mecks, Robert John and Benjamin 
Remy were full oi Ixjardi^rs and many others accommodated from one to 
three boarders. Board and room cost from one dollar and fifty cents to 
two dollars per week, and young men could board themselves for sixty cents 
a week. 

I have lived in Brookville continuously for over forty-six years, and 
I have never seen together at one time since those days as many young peo- 
ple, congenial and of nearly the same age. We certainly enjoyed ourselves 
together. We had plenty of work to do to keep our places in the school, but 
we had what seemed to us amply sufficient fun and entertainment. W'e were 
all expected to attend church at least once on Sunday, and the old church in 
the valley was always well filled. We had a fine Sunday school, too. The 
residents of the town were all good to the students. Occasionally, on a 
Friday evening, we had what we call a "drop-in." That is, some good 
woman would send word to some of the boys that the next Friday evening 
her house would be open for all the young people who wished to come. 
Then each one of the boys invited a girl and took her to and from the 
party. Refreshments were never serv^ed. I never saw a playing card or 
heard the word dance mentioned. Yet, somehow, we had lots of fun and the 
time for going home came all too soon. At that time, charades, proverbs 
and other games were in fashion and we spent the evenings playing them. 
There was a reason why refreshments were not served at our parties. So 
many of the young people here at that time were non-residents and could 
not return the compliment in kind, so the rule "No refreshments" was 
adopted and strictly observed. The Widow Price. Joel Price's mother, then 
lived just across the river southwest of town, and more than once we were 
invited to have a "drop-in" there. That home then was full of fine boys 
and girls, or rather young men and women, as most of them were, and it 
is needless to say we always had a fine time there. 

The Hitts, Hollands, Johns, Remys, Kings, Chafees and other families 
opened their homes to us in the same way. There were no bridges then, 
either at the paper mill or at the old Stringer ford below town, so in going 
to Mrs. Price's we had to cross the river in a skift just below where Wright's 
mill is now, and, of course, that added to our enjo^•ment. There was at that 


time a dam across the river just about where the east and west forks of 
Whitewater came together, and the water being held back by that dam made 
a beautiful strip of water from the old White bridge south of town, around 
the bend east to the point north where now is the iron bridge on the Carmel 
pike. There was no bridge there until several years later. That strip of 
water was fine for boat riding and I especially recollect taking a ride several 
times up and down that part of the river one beautiful moonlight night 
in company with one of the college boys. 

The skiffs used then were just large enough for two people to ride in 
with safety. I cannot now recall the name of the young man, neither do I 
remember one word of our conversation, but I do distinctly rememlx:r the 
beautiful moonlight shimmering on the rippling water and the lights and 
shadows between the fine old trees that covered the sides of the everlasting 
hills. I had a fright that evening that I have never forgotten. We girls 
sometimes wore little fancy white aprons with very long wide strings of 
the same material tied in a large bow at the back, as a finishing touch to our 
make-up. I wore my very prettiest apron that evening with the very 
longest strings. As we moved peacefully along just east of where Martin 
Weber's residence now stands, I looked back over my shoulder, and Oh! 
horrors! I saw what I was sure was a large water snake swimming just 
behind and trying to reach the boat. I was dreadfully shocked, but dis- 
played remarkable presence of mind, for I neither screamed, fainted nor fell 
out of the boat. \\^hat was the use ! The young man's hands were both 
busy with the oars. I sat there a few seconds almost frozen with horror, 
expecting every second to feel that big snake crawling up my back and over 
my shoulder; but it didn't come, so I ventured another look just as the 
moon emerged from under a little cloud, and I discovered that the said snake 
was one of my apron strings floating full length just luider the water and 
waving back and forth with the motion of the boat. I quickly pulled up 
the string, squeezed out the water and, for a wonder, said nothing. Even 
to this day, although more than a half century has passed, I can shiver 
a little when I think of the "snake" that was only my apron string. 

We had in connection with our college work, a young men's literary 
society. A similar society for young ladies, called the Julia Dumont Society, 
organized December 16, 1853. We met in our society room each Friday 
just after the close of school. We always had interesting papers, discus- 
sions, etc. 

The people of Brookville took great interest in the school and were 
proud of the college and its success. We had exercises every Friday after- 
noon, to which the public was invited and a goodly number of people always 


attended. The exercises consisted of essays, dialogues, declamations and 
music. Each of us had to take our turn in these exercises. Each year, 
several evening entertainments or exhibitions were given by the pupils and 
teachers in the college chapel in the third story of the building. In the 
chapel all the commencement exercises, which continued a whole week, were 
held. The whole upper story could be thrown into one room, and on every 
public occasion it was completely filled with people, every window being 
occupied also. A few times I heard the remark that the building was 
not entirely safe for such crowds of people, and I was always glad to see the 
last person safely down the stairs. However, in 1912, when I saw the men 
taking out the big timbers that supported the third floor, I felt sure that all 
our ancient fears were entirely groundless. 

THE ''college cut-up." 

That catalogue of 1857-58 shows that there were just two hundred 
pupils enrolled in the school. We had fine teachers in all departments. We 
also had the "college cut-up." He is still living, so I'll not mention his 
name. He had a few faithful followers who were always ready to help in 
any plans for fun that he might introduce. All was innocent fun, with noth- 
ing bad about it. 

At the beginning of one of the terms while I was a pupil, a nice, quiet, 
innocent young man from the country came to the school. Our "cut-ups" 
soon discovered that he was a good subject on which to play their jokes, 
at least until he found them out. I think they played a great many jokes 
on that young man, but I know the particulars of only one. One day they 
inquired of him if he had ever gone snipe hunting". He said he never had. 
Well, they told him it was great fun and some night they would take him 
with them on a snipe-hunting expedition. They informed him that the way 
to hunt snipes was to go at night to some island in the river, put one fellow" 
at one end of the island to hold a bag open while the other fellows would 
go to the other end of the island and drive the snipes right into the bag. 
They appointed a night for the hunt, took their victim with them and rowed 
across in a skiff to the island selected, placed him at one end of the island, 
and left him there. It was a cold night, too. After waiting until he was 
nearly frozen, he either concluded that he was the victim of a verj' unpleasant 
joke or that the boys had forgotten him. He waded to shore and reached his 
boarding house some time between midnight and morning. 

Times change and people change with them, but some people change 
less than one would think. In those davs we had with us the funnv fellow 


who rocked tlie boat just to hear the j:(irls scream, and he rocked the boat 
with the usual result. However, nothing- more serious ever iiappened to any 
of the girls than a complete ducking and that happened only a few times. 

But to return to the history of Brookville College. For the first seven 
years of its existence, it was called "Brookville Female College," and until 
the year i860 only young women were graduated. In i860 the first young 
man was graduated in a class of seven, B. Milton Remy. After that year 
in nearly every graduating class there were young men. The last college 
class was graduated in 1S72. The members of that class were as follow: 
Sadie Pyke, Kokomo, Indiana; !Mattie Adams, T. H. Barton and H. F. 
Showalter, of Brookville. During its twenty years of existence, Brookville 
College turned out fifty-nine graduates who have filled or are filling today 
positions of trust and res[)oiisil>ilit_\-. During the twenty years the cr>llege had 
ten presidents, as follow: Rev. Ciilbert M. Dunn, A. M., 1851-52: O. E. 
Fitch, 1852-53; Rev. T. A. Goodwin, D. D., 1853-54; Rev. John \\'. Locke. 
D. D., 1855-56; Rev. J. A. Beswick, acting president, half year; Rev. George 
A. Chase, A. M., 1856; Augustus D. Lynch, A. M., 1859-61; Rev. David 
H. Shei-man, A. M., 1S61-62; Rev. William R. Goodwin, D. D.. 1862-66; 
Rev. John H. Martin, D. D., 1860-69; Rev. John P. D. John, D. D.. LL. D., 
1869-72 ; Jason L. Rippetoe, A. ]\I., 1872-73. Each president was assisted 
by an able corps of teachers. 

Owing to the many educational institutions started in the territorv 
from which Brookville College derived its support, and the excellent public 
school system of Indiana, it became evident that the college, without an 
endowment, must succumb to the inevitable. The quarterly conference of 
the Methodist Episcopal church met in Connersville in 1872, and the nn'nistcrs 
passed resolutions pledging their labor and influence in its behalf. Its frierids 
m Brookville made heroic sacrifices, contributing liberally of their nrivate 
means, but their efforts were futile. Jason L. Rippetoe did all he could 
under such adverse circumstances and with becoming dignity officiated during 
the expiring days of Brookville College. 

In 1873 the building was sold to the town for a public school building, 
and in 19 12 it was torn down and replaced by the present public school 
building. I often think over the happy days I spent in the old college, and 
frecjuently ask m\self the question. "Where, oh. where are all those dearly- 
loved friends of mv youth?" And echo answers "Where?" 


By Florence S. Gurr. 

Peoria i\cadeiny was established in tlie village of that name, in Spring- 
field township, Franklin county, Indiana, in 1852. The founder of the 
academy and its main insjjiration was William lk-11 Rust, who was born in 
Duchess county, New York, in 1815. He moved from New York to Collcj^c 
Hill, Ohio, about 1840, and here he met and married Henrietta Lewis. To 
this union were born two sons, and while they were small, the wife and 
mother died. Shortly alter her death, Mr. Rust moved with his sons to 
Peoria, Indiana, and soon began agitating the question of establishing an 
institution of learning in the village. 

William B. Rust was a highly educated man along many different 
lines. It has been said of him that he was at least fifty years ahead of 
his time and that his ideas were so advanced he would have been more 
appreciated at the present time. He appears to have been a man of some 
means, although he did not have enough money to build a building and 
establish an academy on his own account. In order to finance his proposed 
institution a stock company was organized. Thirty-two public-spirited citi- 
zens of Peoria and vicinity took shares with the understanding that Rust 
would buy them up as fast as possible. In fact, his school was so successful 
that he did buy up most of the shares, while the other stockholders exchanged 
their financial interest in the academy for tuition and in this way got the 
value of their investment. Rust himself headed the subscription list with 
one hundred and fifty dollars, the next largest being only twenty-five dollars 
less. The remaining stockholders subscribed for varying amounts down 
to five dollars. Among the names of these stockholders mav be mentioned 
Joseph Smith, John Heard, William Beard. Jacob Beard, I. S. Crane. James 
Urmston, Joseph B. Horton, Peter Heard, Simeon Conn and James H. 

The first meeting of the stockholders was held June 19, 18^2, and 
organized by selecting William Beard as chairman and I. S. Crane as secre- 
tary. After an organization was affected the articles of agreement between 
William Rust and tlie stockholders were read. A motion was made and 
carried that, in the transfer of the deed, a clause should be inserted securing 
to the stockholders and community the right and privilege of anv orthodox 
church to use the house for church services forever. While the academy 
building was in process of construction Mr. Rust taught for two winters 
in the Asbury (]\Iethodist Episcopal) chapel at Peoria. The academy build- 


ing is still standing. It is a two-story brick structure and was built largely 
by Joseph B. Horton, who was also a stockholder. Joseph Smith, another 
stockholder, superintended its erection. The upper story was used as a 
dormitory for the young men who could not obtain rooms in "Stringtown," 
a name given to a row of twelve or fourteen small rooms built back of the 
college. Each of these rooms contained a small stove, bed, table and two 
chairs. The students boarded themselves, bringing their provisions from 
home every week or buying them in the village. The young women lived 
in the principal's house, which was immediately south of the academy build- 
ing. This was later destroyed by fire and with it the tov\rnship library. 

The school year was divided into two terms of three months each, one 
in the winter and the other in the spring. At the end of each term there 
were special exercises which sometimes included an "exhibition" at Walker 
chapel. The late Judge Swift, of Brookville, and his sister, Mrs. Marion 
Crosley, were students here about 1858. INlr. Swift has often related that 
it was one of his duties to help train the younger students for this "exhibi- 
tion." A budget or question box was opened on these occasions and anyone 
could put in a question and indicate whom they wanted to answer. A typical 
question was, "What letter of the alphabet should a man think of if he 
<ioesn't want to get the mitten?" And the person who was asked to solve 
the question, having gone tlirough the experience, answered, "Letter B." 

And what was taught in this academy? The common school branches, 
algebra, rhetoric, geometry, Latin, Greek, and, in fact, all of the regular 
collegiate studies. The classes were often called upon to recite and it is 
remembered that much time was spent in actual recitations. There was little 
time for amusements, but undoubtedly the fift\' to seventy-five young people 
who attended this school from 1853 to 1865 did not spend all their time 
in study. It is known that the head master himself was a teacher of unusual 
ability and a man of great purity and strength of character. His daughter. 
Mrs. Halley, of Eldon, Kansas, said of him: "Father's greatest ambition 
was to create a desire for higher Christian living in the future of his students. 
That they appreciated his eftorts was proven by the beautiful letters he 
received long after they had left school." ]\Tr. Rust offered prayer each 
morning and followed it with a talk to the students. His words were always 
full of good advice and he never neglected to emphasize the need of perse- 
verance in their daily lives. He often said that there was something higher 
for which to strive than the paltrv- dollar. 

Mr. Rust christened his academy Ingleside, and \vhen he was postmaster 
of Peoria he succeeded in inducing the United States government to change 


the name of the postoffice at Peoria to Ini^leside, althouj^h it was later again 
called Peoria. He continued to teach year after year in Peoria until about 
1865 or i866, and tlien moved to Hamilton, Ohio, where he engaged ;n the 
tile business. Shortly after moving to Peoria he had married Mary Enyert 
Urmston, a daughter of JaniL-s Urmston. To this sec(;nd marriage were born 
three children: lames U.. a wholesale grocer of Nashville. Tennessee; Alice 
Gertrude, now Mrs. Halley, of Eldon, Kansas; Ida Bell, deceased. 

From Hamilton, Ohio, Mr. Rust moved to Elwood, Indiana, where he 
established a small school, but it did not prove a success and he soon dis- 
continued it. About 1870 he moved to Nashville, Tennessee, where he lived 
until his death in 1901. He was eighty-six years of age at the time he 
passed away, but v.-as in remarkable health up until a short time before 
his death. 

The history of this famous old academy of Franklin county v/ould not 
be complete without mentioning the bell which hung in the belfr/ in Ingle- 
side. Tradition says it was a wonderful bell, with a clear, strong tone that 
could be heard for miles. It has been reported that the clapper was removed 
from the bell by Mr. Rust some time after he left Peoria. At least, it disap- 
peared and no one knows where it is to be found. The son and daughter of 
Mr. Rust doubt whether their father ever took it. Of those who were once 
students there are now only a very few living : Squire Beard, Marion Smith, 
Mrs. Louise Beard, jMrs. Sarah Dwyer, ^Martin Sater, Theophilus L. Dicker- 
son, Clem Conn and John DeArmond. 


There had been an academy at Laurel since 1837 and for many years it 
was in no way inferior to the county seminary at Broolcville. The county 
seminary was forced to charge tuition rates which would bring it within 
the reach of the great mass of the people. As a result, it did not have the 
money to hire a sufficient number of teachers and this resulted in the instruc- 
tion being inferior to that given in Laurel. At the latter place most of the 
children attended a public school, while only the more advanced attended 
the academy. In 1852 this was known by the name of the "Laurel Collegiate 
High School," and was in charge of Rev. H. B. Hibben. 

By 185.2 the institution at Laurel boasted a faculty second to none in 
the eastern part of Indiana. There were six teachers, as follows : Rev. H. B. 
Hibben, principal and professor of mental and moral sciences ; L. D. Water- 
man, Latin, Greek and mathematics; Cornelia Belding, preceptress of the 
female department; EmiW Clements, assistant in the female department; 


Mrs. M. M. Conwell, modern languages; Mrs. H. Fingland Hibben, piano 
and guitar. With thi.s strong faculty, it is no wonder tliat the school opened 
in August of that year with an attendance of one hundred pupils. The 
school was well equipped with chemical and philosophical apparatus, globes, 
maps and all the necessarv' apparatus and appliances for successful collegiate 
instruction. The sessions were twenty-two weeks long and pupils were 
admitted at any time upon examination. 

The trustees of the Laurel Collegiate High School voted on February 
19, 1853, "to change its character by adopting the graded school system 
recommended by the superintendent of public instruction." At this time, 
the trustees announced that George A. Chase, A. M., had been elected 
president of the school to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rev. 
H. B. Hibben. Chase resigned in the summer of 1853 to accept the superin- 
tendency of the Shelbyville schools. It would seem from this notice that 
this date signifies the end of the old academy at Laurel. 


An academy by this name was established at yh. Carmel in the fall of 
185 1 and opened its dcx>rs for the first time on December 22, of that year, 
with George A. Chase as principal. From all the evidence obtainable, it 
appears that this academy was called Springtiekl Academy for the two'vears 
of its existence. During the tirst term there were sixty-one pu]iils enrolled 
and of this number there were only ^ix under the age of fourteen. The 
board of visitors reported at the end of the term that about forty had been 
pursuing the higher branches, including algebra, geometn,', astronomy, natural 
pholosophy, rhetoric, Latin, etc. 

In the Brookvillc Auicncan of .\pril q. 1852, is set forth in an interest- 
ing manner the history oi the academy, its course of study, its prosi)ects and 
its many advantages to the community in which it is located. Chase was 
assisted during the first year by W. C. B. Gaston. The board of visitors 
state in their report at the end of the first term that stock must be sold to 
provide suitable Iniildings for the infant institution and that Professor Chase 
is willing to bear part of the burden in helping to get the academv on its 
feet. But the fates were against the little academy. The provisions for 
free education made by the new constitution of 1852 made it impossible to 
maintain the academies and on June 6, 1853. the Springfield Academv lost 
its identity and the school was advertised in the Brookville papers simply 
as the Mt. Carmel school. O. F. Fitch appears as the first principal of the 
school after the discontinuante of the academv. 


In view of the present condition of the town of Mt. Carmel, it is in- 
teresting to note what was said of it more than sixty years ago. Jn the 
Brookvillc Indiana J.mcrican of Xovember 12, 1852, the editor takes occa- 
sion to remark that Mt. (.,'armel "is one of the most pleasant places in which 
to reside in the state, and anyone buying or fitting up property there need 
have no fear of its ever beconnng valueless. The means of education and 
religious privileges are good." But the editor saw t(X) much of the blue 
sky and failed to discern the cloud which the new constitution cast over the 
academies of Indiana. The academy breathed its last witiiin a year, while 
the town can hardly be said to have fulfilled the prediction of the optimistic 
-editor of three score years ago. 


It appears that the first school in Brookville was opened in the old log 
court house by a man named Dennison. The court house served not only 
as a temple of justice, but also as a school house and a place for religious, 
services and public meetings of all kinds. No less than thirty pupils received 
instruction at the hands of this pioneer teacher, and it is true that much of 
his instruction was literally given or rather enforced by his hand. In those 
days the use of the rod was felt to be as essential in the management of a good, 
school as the spelling book, and the teacher applied the rod regardless of 
sex. Before the end of the first school year, Dennison got into aonie sort 
of trouble and left the town. The next teacher, a Mr. McLaughlin, taught 
in a log building which stood on Fourth street north of the old German 
Methodist church. In 181 8 Solomon Allen became the wielder of the birch 
and he seems to have been a mathematical prodigy. He taught surveying and 
the higher mathematics and for many years was the only teacher of the town. 
He built a dwelling and a school house on Fourth street, and in his own 
school house conducted subscription schools w'ith great success. He was 
followed by a man named Harris, who seems to have been a man of some 
literary pretentions. At least he advertised the merits of his school in verse 
in the weekly paper of the town. He seems to have been a better poet than 
a teacher, since his sojourn in Brookville was very brief. His successor, a 
man by the name of Haines, taught in the building where the furniiure 
factory is now located. The next teacher, Augustus Jocelyn. was the most 
famous of the early teachers of the town. He was a man of much abilitv 
and a good teacher, although he held strictly to the old Biblical adage, spare 
the rod and soil the child. He seems to have been a sort of jack-of-all- 
trades, and could turn his hand with equal facility to teacliing, preaching. 


doctoring or editing newspapers. He had been a -Methodist preacher in Xew 
York before coming to Brookville, and filled the pulpit frequently after 
locating here. He taught more terms of the school from 1818 to 1S30 than 
any other man, and was undoubtedly the best teacher which the town had 
up until the time tlie seminary was established. 

The only public school house in Brookville until the seminary was built 
in 1833 was a log school house, which was used irregularly, until the land 
ofifice was established in Brookville in 1820. This meant a big change in tlie 
history of the town in many ways. There were many who began to leave 
Brookville and the county for the New Purchase, and within a few years 
the former citizens of Brookville were to be found in Greensburg, Conners- 
ville, Rushville and the new capital of the state — Indianapolis. As result 
of this wholesale migration, there were scores of vacant houses in Brookville, 
and they were not all log cabins. There were fine two-stoiy frame houses 
which were left by their owners, and a brick house or two was left empty 
as result of this migration. 

These abandoned houses soon became the sheltering places of .',heep, 
hogs and cattle, which roamed the streets of Brookville at will. In order 
to secure one of these houses for school purposes, it was only necessary to 
drive the live stock out. scrub the floors and put in benches. In this way 
the town had much better school facilities than it had previously enjoyed. 
The cost of fitting up a house for school purposes was very little. A few 
benches made of slabs, a wide blackboard fixed to the wall, a chair for the 
teacher and all of the absolutely necessar\' equipment was provided. 

In one of these abandoned houses Rev. Jocelyn held forth, although 
he frequently taught in one of the upstairs rooms of his own house. In tliose 
days there was no license required for the teacher: anvone who had the 
required courage could start out with a subscription paper and, if successful 
in getting enough patrons, start a school. There was more than one girl 
able only to read and write, probably, who would devote a spare room in her 
home to school purposes. Here she would gather around her from half to 
a dozen children and give them such instruction as she could. There were 
often three or four of these little schools running at the same time in the 
town. And as the tuition was usually from two to three cents a dav, she 
had no difficulty in getting at least enough pupils to keep her busy. 

As has been previously stated, these schools were all supported bv 
private subscriptions and the most popular teacher always had the largest 
school. The person wishing to teach went from house to house with a sub- 
scription papr and secured pupils with the promise to give them instructions 



in certain branches for a definite length of time. The old subscrijnion 
papers show that some economical parents subscribed for one pupil or more, 
while others put their names down for only half a pupil. This, of course, 
did not mean that they halved their children, but simply that the child 
only got to attend school half a day at a time. 

These schools turned out better educated boys and girls than might be 
thought from the above description of their management. It is true that 
they did not cost much and this made it possible for the poorer people to gel 
a schooling. It is said that, if parents hafl three children and subscri1)efl for 
only one, they would rotate the three children in school so that all 
three learned to read and write, although they paid for the tuition of only 
one. For instance, when one scholar was subscribed and there were three in 
the family, John would go for two or three weeks and then Jane would 
take his place, followed by Susan. In this way the tuition of one child 
would suffice to give all three children the rudiments of an education. 

We have already mentioned six of the early teachers of Brookville : 
Dennison, McLaughlin, Allen, Plarris, Haines and Jocelyn. Among others 

may be mentioned ^^'ilson Terrel, Barwick, Margaret White and the 

Misses Huff and Eliza and Rebecca McClure. Miss White, said to have 
been the first woman teacher in Brookville, afterwards married a Farnswortli 
and moved to Liberty, where she died in i88S. Other teachers before the 
fifties were Clarissa St. John, Catherine Josephine Haile, Isaac John. Joseph 
Ryman, Isaac K. Lee, F. C. Cooley, C. S. Blanchard and A. B. Line. 

Brookville built only one school house before 1912 and that was the 
little brick building which stood on lot 15 of the Amos Butler plat. Jesse 
Butler transferred this lot to the inhabitants of school district Xo. ;. Mav 23. 
1844, for a consideration of one hundred dollars. This lot lies immediately 
west of the old Kimble mill on Eighth street. This was owned by the school 
district until it was sold November 8, 1865, by the school trustees of Brook- 
ville to George ^Maxwell for five hundred dollars. On this lot was erected 
a substantial brick building, which was torn down at the time the grade 
was made through Brookville for the railroad. 

From 1852 to 1871, when the college closed its career, the public schools 
of Brookville were in a rather disorganized condition. The Presb}1:erians 
conducted a school in their church for at least half of this period, while the 
Methodists patronized the college. Other denominations sent their children 
to one or the other of these two schools until the public school got started 
in the old seminary building. The town of Brookville bought the seminan- 
building in the fall of 1862. and used it for public school purposes until the 
college passed out of exis'tence. 


When Brookville College closed its doors in 1873, the town purchased 
the college building, and used it continuously from that time down to 1912 
as a public school building. The school trustees selected A. \V. Bieghle, of 
Laurel, as superintendent in the summer of 1873, and he had charge of the 
schools for the following three years. Mr. Bieghle had taught for many 
years in the county and was well known as an able and efficient instructor. 
During this period of three years there was little or no high school work 
done. The attendance during the three years of Bieghle's incumbency 
increased from one hundred ninety-eight in 1873 to three hundred sixty his 
last year. There were five teachers besides the superintendent, the latter being 
compelled to spend practically all of his time in teaching. The school board 
charged fifteen dollars tuition annually for those living outside of the incor- 

In the fall of 1876 the board of education selected as suj>crintendent 
John E. Morton, who, after being at the head of the schools for five years, 
resigned to engage in the practice of dentistry, a profession which he has 
followed for the past twenty-five years in Brookville. He was well educated, 
a man of wide experience in teaching and had previously had charge of the 
schools in Frankfort and Hartford City, Indiana. When Mr. Morton came 
to Brookville to take charge of the school he at once planned to grade all the 
pupils before the opening of the school year. In order to do this he had 
the teachers in their rooms for several days before the opening of the term. 
A notice was placed in the paper asking all those who intended entering 
school to come to the school house in order to be graded. Superintendent 
Morton planned a series of questions which would enable him, with the aid 
of his teachers, to determine the grade to which every pupil belonged. Con- 
sequently, when school opened September 11, 1876, the pupils were all 
graded, the programs were on the blackboard and classes were reciting before 
noon of the first day. A start was made in the fall of the same year towards 
the organization of a four-year high school course, and in 1S79 a commission 
v/as issued to the high school by the state board of education. 

Since 1876 may very fittingly be called a new epoch in the history of 
the schools of Brookville, it may be interesting to give the names of the 
teachers who had charge of the schools. In addition to Superintendent 
Morton, there were the following teachers : M. A. Mess, a graduate of Otter- 
bein University, later county superintendent; Henry Showalter, of Kokomo, 
Indiana; Mrs. Jennie E. Speer. who w^as a sister of Alsie B. Dole, another 
one of the teachers ; Kate Davis, who remained about three years ; Ella 
Creswell, who taught in the schools here for several vears. Durinsr the 


administration of Superintendent ;Morton the schools were put on a firm 
basis and when he retired from the superintendency in 1881, he left the 
schools in a very satisfactory condition. 

Hubert M. Skitmer came to Brookville in 1880 to take charge of the 
high school when he was aljout thirty years of age. He was the eldest son 
of Hon. John N. Skinner, of Valparaiso, and his early education had been 
acquired in his native city in the college which his father was chiclly instru- 
mental in founding. He finished his preparatory and scientific course at the 
head of his class and then pursued a thorough classical course at DePauw 
University. His first school work was done in the south as professor of 
Latin in the Baptist University of Arkansas and subsequently as professor 
of belles-lettres and history at Little Rock. Returning north, he married 
Emma Ogden and came to Brookville. His first year's work (1S80-81) in 
Brookville was under tlic superintendency of Dr. J. E. Morton. When Doctor 
Morton retired, Mr. Skinner was promoted to the superintendency, a posi- 
tion he filled with satisfaction until the spring of 1S84. when he resigned to 
accept the position of deputy state superintendent of public instruction. 

In Mr. Skinner's experience as a public school teacher many plans 
suggested themselves to him. While practically doing the work of the 
superintendent he inaugurated many improvements that are still lifting 
teachers to a higher appreciation of their ])osition. He was the first secretary 
and manager of the Young People's Reading Circle of Indiana, a state which 
still leads all others in meml)ership and influence. He was a regular con- 
tributor to the School Journal and frequently addressed institutes and 
other bodies on educational topics. In 18S6 he represented Indiana at the 
meetings of the state superintendents at Washington and delivered an ad- 
dress before that body on "The Purpose, Plan and Progress of Reading 
Circle Work of the Country at Large.'' 

The most notable efforts of 'Sir. Skinner's useful career have been 
those given to the preparation of school works to carry forward the spirit 
of that address. His outlines for institute work: his plans for the common 
school; the study of literature in the common schools: the systematic use 
of the dictionary ; the intluence of narcotics and stimulants ; the colonial 
history of Indiana ; the noble part borne by Indiana in the Civil War — all 
bore the imprint of his thoughtful and systematic arrangement. He pub- 
lished a volume of biographical sketches of the state superintendents of 
Indiana and a carefully prepared and accurate history of education in the 
state. In collaboration with John W. Holcombe, he wrote '"The Life of 


Thomas A. Hendricks." lie also prepared a history of Indiana in chart 
form which was pul)lished hy Rand, McXally & Company. 

In 1 886 Mr. Skinner went to Chicago to accept a position with the 
piibHshint,^ house of A. S. P.arnes & Company. Later he became associated 
with the American P.onk Company as head of the reading-circle work of 
the company. There was nr) man better fitted for this than he and in a short 
time the resuhs of his e.xperience brou.tjht a heavy increase in business to 
his company. He also found time to prepare some volumes for the press, 
namely: "Readings in Folk Lore," "The Schoolmaster in Literature," and 
many books of like character were prepared by him from time to time — a 
list too long to enumerate in a sketch of this nature. 

Mr. Skinner has retired from the American Book Company and is now 
engaged in literary work, fie still makes contributions to educational jour- 
nals and other periodicals, ^\'hile connected with the Brookville schools 
he made a special study of the educational and historical interests of the place 
and published se\eral articles on the subject. 

Albert Newton Crecraft, who followed H. M. Skinner as superin- 
tendent in 1884, was a native of Ohio. Fresh from Princeton College, Xew 
Jersey, he taught his first school in this county at ^Nlt. Carmel in 18S0. The 
next year he served as principal of the Fairfield schools. With an attractive 
personality, affable, industrious and alert to each child's needs, he was soon 
master of the situation. His work so fired the ambitions of a number of his 
pupils that they sought a continuation of his services in a subscription term 
immediately following the short winter term of public school. 

The ne.xt fall. 1882. although scarcely twenty-three years old, he suc- 
ceeded to the principalship of the Brookville high school. Before another 
autumn came, he returned to Fairfield and brought away as his wife one who 
had probably been a source of much inspiration in his excellent work there, 
one of his lady assistants of the previous year, Mattie L. Tyner, the talented 
daughter of Richard Tyner, a Fairfield merchant. 

After serving two years as principal, Mr. Crecraft followed H. M. 
Skinner as superintendent of the Brookville schools in 1S84. But he was 
not to tarry long in that ])osition. Upon the resignation of ^l. A. Mess as 
county school superintendent in the spring of 1886 Mr. Crecraft was selected 
to fill the vacancy. This position he held for five years. In 1890 he 
purchased the Franklin County Democrat, then edited by Edgar R. Quick. 
With the assistance of Will K. Bracken, he conducted this paper a vear until 
the close of the term for which he had been elected. During this year he 
installed many improvements in his printing apparatus, and more than 


doubled the circulation of the pa])er. In October of 1891 he sold the 
Democrat to the present editor. M. II. Irwin, and bought the Franklin 
Democrat. Franklin, Indiana, where he now resides. This paper he still 
owns and edits. 

Some misgivings as to his health caused Mr. Crecraft to quit school 
work, but he has given to the profession a son, Earl, who, inheriting the 
talents and personal magnetism of both father and mother, bids fair to 
sustain with due credit the name Crecraft among educators. 

The rapid promotion of A. N. Crecraft from a village school to the 
most important position in the county is proof enough of his ability as an 
educator. An indefatigable worker himself, he had little patience with 
shams, sluggards or disturijers. Any such were sure of a stern rebuke with 
language and means to suit the case. In a commencement essay in 1900 a 
graduate of the Brookville high school, who had probably talked with former 
pupils of Mr. Crecraft. said, "He was a brilliant and inspiring teacher and 
commanded excellent discipline. He did a great deal for the Ijoys and girls 
in opening their eyes to the significance of life, and in cultivating an ap- 
preciation for nature, art and poetry." The tribute would have been com- 
plete if the young writer had added that Mr. Crecraft's life preached the 
gospel of hard work and fidelity to duty. 

C. W. McClure was superintendent of the Brookville schools for a 
period of seven years (18S6-93). He was a good, earnest worker and did 
much for the schools. He established weekly teachers' meetings for the 
various departments, in which the work was thoroughly discussed, and, 
later, monthly meetings, where all the teachers met and the work in 
general was talked over. Cases in discipline were discussed as to best 
methods for the different i)upils. ^Ir. ^McClure was always just and sympa- 
thetic. He made the pupils feel that they had a part in the main argument 
of the school. He kept in close touch with all the teachers, the pupils and 
the work in every department. While he was superintendent, a junior and 
senior literary society, known as the J. S. L. W., was formed. This society 
was composed of the members of the junior and senior classes of the high 
school. It met every Saturday night at the homes of the students. ^luch 
good was gotten from these meetings. 

Every year ]Mr. McClure compiled a catalogue of the schools, in which 
the course of study was mapped out. The names of all teachers, pupils and 
the alumni ap[)eared therein. Every home represented in school received 
a catalogue. Mr. ^McClure established mid-year promotions, which were a 
great benefit to the school. He was a good citizen, a good school man and a 


good man socially. He wa.s one (jf the founders of the Brookville Saturday 
Club. He was greatly mis.sed when he took up his work as superintendent 
of the Oxford (Ohio) schools. 

E. M. Teeple followed C. \V. McClure as superintendent of the 
Brookville schools. He came here in ill health and was here about a year 
and a half before death claimed him. Mr. Teeple followed Mr. McClure's 
methods of management. He was a cultured man and under favorable 
conditions would have been capable of doing much good work for the school 
had his health permitted. 

Noble Harter, who came to the head of the Brookville schools in 1895, 
was splendidly equipped for the position. An indefatigable worker, he 
spared neither time nur effort in the work of promoting the interest of the 
school. A graduate from the Indiana State Normal, also from Indiana 
University, he did not attempt to follow wholly the methods of either in his 
work. He selected from both institutions the ideas that he could best use 
hi working out the plan for his school and, being a man of rare originalitv, 
he adapted these to his purpose and supplemented them with valuable no- 
tions of his own. He believed the normal method emphasized the reasoning 
process too much in the lower grades, and that this was done at the expense 
of the memory. He frequently said, "To have a child question evervthing 
in school tends to make him sharp minded rather than broad minded."' He 
believed the time for conscious analysis came beyond the primarv grades. 
In this view he was heartily supported by Dr. W. L. Bryan. 

As an organizer, !Mr. Harter had few superiors. His school was so 
planned that he had every detail clearly in mind. To him his school, as a 
whole, was a force moving to accomplish a certain, definite result. To 
attain success, he believed it essential to have complete harmon\- in all its 
departments. While not hampering the individuality of the teacher in her 
work, he insisted that she should try to see her department in its relation 
to the whole school, and shape her work accordingly. ^Ir. Harter believed 
in much drill on the formal side of composition work. One composition a 
week was required from each pupil. In each grade above the fourth vear 
the pupils were rcc|uired to read two books and hand in a written review of 
them sometime within the year. He encouraged debates in the grammar 
grades and in the high school. He introduced the vertical system of writing 
into the schools. He had a small bookcase put in each room and into each 
were put the library books best suited to that particular grade. It was 
through his influence that a special music teacher was employed. When 
sickness rendered him unable to go to the school building, he had his teachers' 


meetings in his home and from there directed his work. He believed that 
a superintendent should, to use hi.s own expression, "keep his fin^^er on the 
public pulse." Through the liclp of certain reliable citizens he kept himself 
informed as to how the school w(jrk was being received in the community. 
He invited inspection of the school and met criticism in a fair spirit. 

When Herbert S. \''o<)rhees succeeded Mr. Harter as superintendent in 
1899, he announced his intention of carrying out the former superintendent's 
method for a time, and introducing graduall}- any changes that he desired 
to make. This plan prevented confusion and friction. Mr. Voorhees, like 
his predecessor, was an untiring worker. "Thoroughness"' was his watch- 
word. He succeeded in inspiring the students with the spirit of investi- 
gation and research. In The High School News of April 6. 1901, we find 
the following about his work : "Every book in Mr. Voorhees' library, every 
fact at his commanrl, was at the service of a seeking student. When the 
school needed ap])aratus or material it was always forthcoming. If the 
fund for the purpose was exhausted, Mr. Voorhees made or bought it." 
The above expresses his school spirit. Pie worked with the pupils and made 
them feel that their work was worth while. In the short time that he was 
superintendent he did much for the advancement of the school. The chan'res 
made in the routine work proved to be wise and helpful. Perhaps no other 
superintendent of the Brookville schools has been more closely in sympathy 
with his teachers than was he. By all means at his command he tried to 
help them, and he never failed to express his appreciation of any good work 
that they did. The laboratory was frequently open after school hours to the 
children of the grades. There by the use of the microscope or by simple ex- 
periments he gave life and interest to their nature work. He left the school 
in the spring of 1901. 

In the history of the Brookville schools, the administration of Supt. 
H. Lester Smith deserves strong comments. He came to the position well 
equipped in scholarship. He graduated from Indiana University. He filled 
the position of principal under Superintendent A^oorhees. He was well ac- 
quainted with the policies of the school and the splendid organization of his 
predecessors. These policies he continued and added to their efficiency. 

Mr. Smith worked out a splendid course of institute work with his 
teachers. He was a man of striking personality and splendid leadership, 
which made him a potent force in these meetings. His ability as an in- 
structor left its influence upon his students and the school itself. He raised 
the requirements of the teachers of the school. No person could teach 


in the school unless he had a twenty-four months' 'license and ninety per cent, 
in success. 

The school probably took more interest in athletics after Mr. Smith 
became superintendent. Tliis interest has never waned. He also aroused, 
a greater interest by the parents in the school. He felt that one of the 
greatest things lie could do was to arouse an interest in a new building. 
While he never realized his ambitions to have a building built under his 
administration, he did much in molding public opinion in tliis direction. 
He was a strong l^eliever that the teacher's greatest work docs not lie in the 
imparting of knowledge, but in the silent influence of a clean, upright life 
before the pupil and the cnirnunity. This he succeeded in drilling into his 
teachers. It can be said of him, as did Dr. William Lowe Bryan of Dr. 
Joseph Swain: "I was able to succeed because of the splendid force of 
teachers selected by my predecessor." 

Superintendent Smith became connected with the public schools of 
Indianapolis after leaving Brookville and later went to the Panama zone to 
take charge of the schools there, l^or the past several years he has been 
superintendent of the Bloomington ^Indiana) schools and ha^ made an 
enviable reputation as one of the leading educators of the state. 

J. W. Stott, the successor of H. L. Smith as su])erintendent. believed 
thoroughly in effective organization and in natural discipline. Probably no 
superintendent had a better working machinery. This was not formal. The 
effects of Superintendent Stoit can be seen in the splendid grade and high 
school library. The board was very free in assisting him to build up the 
library. He also created a book fund in the school. Thus the community 
took an active part in the school w(irk. He also, with the aid of the pupils, 
added the splendid pictures in the various rooms. They were the best that 
could be secured. He, like his predecessor, continued to agitate sentiment 
in favor of a new building. Superintendent Stott felt that teachers could 
not do their most efficien work unless they mingled with their fellow work- 
ers in the state. He was successful in establishing the custom of the teachers 
attending the Indiana State Teachers Association. Superintendent Stott. 
in common with the splendid list of superintendents, was a man of strong 
personality and executive ability. I'he school board recognized his ability 
by frequent increases in salary. 

A. J. Reifel, the present superintendent of the Brookville schools, has 
held this position since H}09. Previous to that time he had served as 
superintendent of the Franklin county schools for seven years and during his 
incumbency made such a record as to attract the attention of the school 


trustees of Brookville. lie has Ijeen no less successful in the administration 
of all the duties connected with his position as superintendent of the town 
schools. When he took charge of the schools in 1909 the old college building 
was still being used for public school purposes. This was replaced in 1912 
by the present beautiful and well-arranged building of thirty-three rooms. 
The building has the most modern equipment of all kinds, including steel 
furniture, hot air heating and a system whereby the air is changed four times 
an hour. The original contract for the building called for a brick founda- 
tion, but many of the patrons thought that it should be stone. Consequently, 
a sufificient amount of money was raised by contributions to provide a stone 
foundation. The building cost the town forty thousand dollars. 

Since the building has been erected the school has raised money by 
means of entertainments and lectures and used it in providing equipmeiu 
for domestic science and manual training. Some of the money was used 
for electric fixtures, library jmrposes. pictures for the various rooms and 
even trees for the yard. Nearly six hundred dollars had been raised in the 
last five years for these various purposes, which speaks well for the interest 
which the community has in its public school .system. 

Prevocational education was introduced several years before the law- 
demanded it and now a complete system of vocational work is in operation. 
Cooking and sewing are taught the girls by an experienced teacher. Maidie 
Schwacke, who is a graduate of Purdue University. Woodworking 
and allied arts are taught the l.)oys, as well as courses in scientific agriculture. 
One feature of the domestic work is the fact that classes are maintained for 
the girls of Brookville who are not in school. During the present year three 
classes in cooking for the town girls are given by the regular instructor in 
domestic science. In addition, there are classes in sewing and millinery 
given for town girls. There has been a total of one hundred aiid se\en 
town girls taking the courses in cooking, sewing and millinery during the 
year 1914-15- 

The high school now enrolls one hundred and eight and the grades two 
hundred and ninety-four, making a total enrollment of four hundred and 
two for the present (1914-15) year. The high school owns a piano and has 
chorus singing each morning under the leadership of the principal. Mr. 
Hitchcock. A lecture course is under superv-ision of the high school and 
the money obtained from this source is used in adding to the library and 
for other general purposes. A healthy interest is taken in athletics and 
basket ball and baseball are given every encouragement. During the present 
year the high school has had probably the best basket ball team of its career 


and altliou,!:;h it failed to <:^et in tlie state meet, yet it made a very creditable 
showing-. The new huildinj,' has a c^ymnasium which is amply large enough 
for basket hall and other indoor sport. 

A noticeable feature of the Rrookville schools is a splendid «-chool 
spirit manifested by the pupils. There is no rowdyism and the general 
demeanor of the high school pupils is such as to attract the favorable com- 
ment of everv one who visits the school. The school l)oard visits the build- 
ing at least once a month and thus keeps in close touch with affairs. The 
town has been fortunate in having splendid school boards, men who have 
taken a deep interest in the welfare of the school. The present school board 
is as follows : President. E. L. Patterson ; secretary. Philip Plartmaii ; 
treasurer, E. W. Showalter. 

The first class was graduated from high school in 1877 and since that 
time three hundred and twenty-four young people have recei\ed diplomas 
from the high school. There were no graduates in 1882, 1883 and 1884, due 
to the fact that Superintendent Skinner readjusted the course of study in 
such a way that there were no graduates for these three years. 


1877 — Mattie Cresswell, Charles Gallion, Clara King. 

1878 — Dr. Clififord R. Case, Mary Reynolds. Mary Butler. 

1879 — Dessie Derry, Anna Dennett, John L. Masters. William ^I. 
Millis, Nannie Roberson, Ciiarles J- Showalter. MolKe Starkle. 

1880 — Frank S. Alley, Alice Andress, MoUie Berry, Pet Davis, Charles 
E. Dubois, Jennie Whipple. 

1881 — J. George x\dair. George Brauchla, Charles Davis. 

1885 — Adah Butler, John H. Kimble. Cora Likely. 

1886 — Clara Butler. George E. Dennett, IMaggie McClure, Robert M. 

1887 — William K. Bracken. Joseph G. Fieber. Frank McClure. Harry 
M. Stoops, Rose Starkle. 

1888 — Adah Colescott, Bert Haile. ^^linnie F. Winscott. Josephine M. 
Bracken. xAlbert V. Gagle, Rose blasters. George L. Wise. ^lary V. Stoops. 

1890 — George Haman. ]\rar_y Horming, Edward LaRue. Anna Likely, 
Kate Winscott. 

1891 — William M. Raker. Julius B. Meyer. Vivian Squier. Cora Wise. 

1892 — jMartha E. Bracken. Myrta Hetrick. Herbert S. King, Cora B. 
Shepperd. Ernest W. Showalter. 


1893— Grant W. Baker, August Brown, Will A. Gagle, Lida M. Goble, 
Hallie Harrell, Edward P. MeLzger, Willard X. Lacy, James O. Meyer, 
Chester C. Starkle, William C. Winans. 

1S94 — Blanche B'.-rry, Rolxrt F. Bruns, Grace V. Johnston, Ora R. 
Masters, Emma S. Quick, Clara AI. Wood. 

1895 — Charles E. xAgnew, Sallie B. Bracken, Arthur J. Calpha, Mary 
L. Fieber, Thomas W. Masters, Ella S. Wilson. 

1896 — Edith Dennett, Carrie Starkle, Martha O. Stoops, Callie Urm- 
ston, Margaret E. Winans. 

1897 — Nellie Kimble, Bessie Buckley, Anna Morton, Bertha Morton, 
Bayard Quick. John Goodwin, Pearl Gagle. 

1898— Dora Gagle, Judge Kidney, Edith Balsley, Ethel Berry, Lon 
Bracken, Florence Gagle, Hattie Goble, George Vawter, Perry Colescott, 
Mattie Squier. 

1899 — Bertha Bruns, Nellie Cullins, Charles Dare, Pearl Kimble, 
Blanche Dungan, Alay Klipple. Bertha Mode, Stella O'Byrne, Rozella Pop- 
per, Aubra Ritze, ^laggie Smiester, Edna Bossert, Karl Bogart, Ethel Seal. 

1900 — May Berry, Sybil Ulrica Bogart, Orthelia F. Busald, \'era A. 
Cullins, Scott Dawson, Thomas Dennett, Zella M. Masters, Rubie Popper, 
Jacob Philip Sauter, Wade Kerr Templeton, Mary Rupel Trichler, Carl 
VVellhausen, Christia FI. Wellhausen, Rachel Davenport Winans. 

1901 — Burton McClure. Karl G. Hornung, Amelia Hornung, Esther 
Hoover, Scott Monroe, Roscoe Kerr, Delia Bossert. 

1902 — William Emmet Blackburn, Guy Bogart, Carrie Belle McClure, 
Maude Squier, Nellie Hortense Starkle, Mae Vawter. 

1903 — Fanny .Ailes. May O'Byrne, Ruth O'Hair, Mary O'Hair, Han- 
nah Popper, Amelia Koeber, Amelia Klipple, Ruth Cochran, Clara ]Mode, 
Frank Baker, Edith Cleaver. 

1904 — Arthur Hoover, \\'alter Bossert. Harry Senour, Glenna Bruns, 
Joe Quick, Grace Seal, Lilian Meyncke, Ruth Fowler, Bertha Armstrong. 

J905 — Leroy Metzger, Howard Gordon Koerner, Idyll Bogart, Katie 
Ariens, Thomas Hyde, Noah Foster, Henry Gall. 

1906 — Camp ]\Ieyer, Anella Fedderman, Clara Hornung, Nelle Klipple. 
Merle Updike, Walter Wilson. Adelia Keeler, Lelia Vaness, George Wallace, 
William Wiley, Clinton Ludwig. 

I9<^7— Reno May Mode, Will Waddcll. Clara Kimble Holmes. Ruby 
Gladys Perdiue. Elsie May Farrell, Bessie Leona Colebank, Charles Rav 
Smith, Carl F. Ludwig. 

1908 — Edna Anderson, Mary Banes. Maude Berg, Zerlev Eradv, Edith 

I- -. :• .1 ■ 1 


Buriz, Clinton Case, Bessie Kidney, Paul H. Killen, Gradon H. KJipple, C. 
M. Scherer, Winnie Sliafer, James Thoni, Opal VanKirk, I'rank Wise. 

1909 — Oscar L. Allen, Gertrude Alaye Bossert, Hazel D. Charni, Elsie 
Clark, Harry L. Davis, John W. Elwell, William S. Fedderman. Bertha 
Carrie Gagle, Grace Holmes, Ida Henrietta Ludwig. Mollie Rynier, Alfred 
C. Senour, Hazel E. Siebert, Harry E. Taylor, Lorena Blanche West. 

1910 — Edna Davis, Helen Cloud, Sylvia Stout, Leo Schuck, Mozella 
Butler, Pauline Bossert, Mary Bunz, Paul Nierstheimer, Catherine Kremp, 
Arthur Popper, Laura Wolber, Pearl Thou. 

191 1 — Carrie Baker, Cliarles Fedderman, Flallie Swift, Guy Trickey, 
Richard Farrell, Fay Hamilton, Jessie Farrell, Ray Copes. Letha Adams, 
Ethel Younts, Charles Powers. Robert WiLson, Hazel Johns. Walter Jackson, 
Mabel Gnahn, Roscoe OTiyrne, Lloyd Killen, Anitta Klipple. Kenneth 
Hudson, Herbert Smith. Norma Walters, Blanche Wiley, Leo Schuck. 

191 2 — Matilda McNichols. Etlgar Keeler, Foss Elwyn, Howard Alley, 
Carl Watler, Cora Seal. Freeman Seal, Mabel Seal, Ethel Goudie. Jewel 
Frank, Ruth Hainan, Edward Wissel. Herljert Lacy, Carl Hofer, Martha 
Higgs, Albert Bates. Roy Milbourne, Ernest Clark. Edna Cleaver, John 
Mode, Clae Miller, Fred Charni, Leroy Clark, Merle Ball, Russel Maguire. 

1913 — Hazel Fye, Tena Fritz. Madge Ferris, Hazel Fieber. Harriet 
Fletcher, Henrietta I^are, Nellie Baker, Bessie Doty, Charles Davis, Cecil 
K'endrick, Arthur Sylvester, Alfred Wise. Dorothy Pippin, Clarence Sene- 
feld, Helen Johns. Alma Snyder, Norma Winscott, Eva Templeton, Mary 
Senour, Frieda Schneider, Ezra Portteus, Clara ]\linckler. Jean McKeown, 
Vivian Glidewell, William Higgs. 

1914 — Tessie Bierre. Jean Case, Charles Deutch. Rawn English, 
Teresa Frey, Edna Geis, Clifford Hoffman, Raymond Hoffman. Ethel 
Holmes, Clifford Jinks, Mary Logan, Albert Lindsay, Raymond ^IcCarthv, 
Hilda Polhemus, William Rusterholz, Wayne Swartz, Bertha Swift, Elmer 
Strohmeir, Cornelia Shirk, .\lgernon Updike, Vera Ball, Albert Bretticher, 
Mary Black, Clifford Ashley, Alary Adams. 


1873 — High school: A. W. Biegle. Isaac Carter. 

1874 — High school : A. W. Biegle, Isaac Carter. 

1875 — High school: A. W. Biegle, Isaac Carter. 

1876-— High school : J. E. Morton, Henry Shovvalter. 

1877 — High school: J. E. ^kTorton, Ernily Hayward. 

J .. 


1878 — High school: J. E. ]\[orton, Isaac Carter. 

1879 — High school: J. E. Morton, Isaac Carter. 

1880 — High school: J. E. ^Morton, Hubert M. Skinner. 

1881 — High school: Hubert M. Skinner, Emory Smith. 

1882 — High scho'jl : Hubert M. Skinner, A. X. Crecraft. 

1883 — High school: L. B. Griffin, A. N. Crecraft. 

1884 — High school: A. N. Crecraft, L. N. Fouts (one month), H. A. 
Buerk, W. A. Williams. 

1885— High school: A. X. Crecraft. E. A. Belda. 

1886— High school: C. \V. McClure, C. W. Lewis. 

1887— High school: C. W. ^IcClure, C. W. Lewis. 

1888 — High school: C. \V. McClure, C. \V. Lewis; grade teachers: 
Will K. Bracken, Minnie Winscott. Mary Carmichael, Nannie Robeson, May 
Lewis and Minnie Cohu. 

1889 — High school: C. W. McClure. R. ^M. King; grade teachers: 
William E. Schoonover. ]\Iinnie \\'inscott. Josie Bracken, Mary Carmichael, 
Nannie Robeson and Minnie Cohu. 

1890 — High school: C. \X. ?vIcClure. R. M. King; grade teachers: 
William E. Schoono\er, Joseph Fieber. Josie Bracken, Z^Iary Carmichael, 
Nannie Robeson. Minnie Cohu and Ida Meyers. 

1891 — High school: C. W. McClure. A. M. King; grade teachers: 
William E. Schoonover, Nannie Robeson, Ida Meyers, Josie Bracken, Mary 
Carmichael, Mary Stoops and ^Minnie Cohu. 

1892 — High school: C. W. McClure. Charles Wilson and H. S. Vor- 
hees ; grade teachers : William E. Schoonover, Ida Meyers, Kate Winscott, 
Rose Starkle, Mary Carmichael. ]\lary V. Stoops and Minnie Cohu. 

1893 — High school: E. M. Teeple. H. S. Yorhees: grade teachers: 
Albert Deitz, Kate Winscott. Ida Meyers. Rose Starkle, Mary Carmichael, 
Mary V. Stoops and Cora Wise. 

1894 — High school: E. ^I. Teeple. H. S. Vorhees ; grade teachers: 
William Cole. Kate A\"inscott. Ida B. ]\Ieyers, Rose Starkle. ^lary Car- 
michael, Mary V. Stoops. Minnie Cohu. A. V. Dietz and Harry "M. Stoops. 

1895 — fl'&li school: Noble Harter. H. S. Vorhees. Flarry- M. Stoops: 
grade teachers : Sarah A. Cauble. H. S. King. Ida B. Meyers, Minnie Cham- 
bers, Kate Winscott. Mary V. Stoops and ^linnie Cohu. 

1896 — High school: Noble Harter. H. S. Vorhees; grade teachers: 
Minnie Chambers. ^^linnie Cohu. Kate Winscott, Carrie Logan, Ola Hubbard, 
Montie Anderson. Mary Stoops and ^lary Carmichael. 

1897 — High school: Noble Harter, H. S. Vorhees and Walter Dunn: 


grade teachers: Minnie Chambers, Kate W'inscott, Carrie Logan, Minnie 
Cohu, Ola Iliihhard, ^lary Stoops and Alary Carmichael. 

1898 — High school; Xoble Ilarter, H. S. \'orhees and Annie G. Scott; 
grade teachers: Charles E. Agneu', Carrie Logan, Kate Winscott, Mary 
Hornimg, Collie L'rmston, Tillie E. Deerhake. 

1899 — High school : H. S. Vorhees, H. Lester Smith and Anna G. 
Scott; grade teachers: Charles E. Agnew. Carrie Logan, Mary Carmichael, 
Kate Winscott. Mary Hornung, Leona O'Hair, Mary Fieber and Louisa 
Vorhees (hnisic). 

1900 — High school : H. S. Vorhees, H. L. Smith, and Mable Ryan ; 
grade teachers : Carrie Logan, S. G. Lord, Man,' Carmichael, Kate Winscott, 
Mary Hornung, Leona O'Hair, Bertha Morton and Louisa Vorhees (music). 

1901 — High school: H. L. Smith. F. H. Masters and Mable Ryan; 
grade teachers : Carrie Logan, S. G. Lord, Kate Winscott, ]\Iary Hornung, 
Leona O'Hair, Bertha Morton and Louisa Vorhees (music). 

1902 — High school: II. Lester Smith. N. V. Patterson and Michael 
Bossert; grade teachers: S. G. Lord, Carrie Logan, Kate Winscott, Bertha 
E. Morton, Bess A. Buckley, Leona O'Hair and Louisa Vorhees (music). 

1903 — High school : H. Lester Smith, N. V. Patterson and Michael 
Bossert : grade teachers : W. N. Lacy, W. A. Younts, Carrie Logan, Kate 
Winscott, Mary Hornung, Bess A. Buckley, Bertha }iIode, and Louia Vor- 
hees (music). 

1904 — High school: H. Lester Smith. X. V. Patterson and Michael 
Bossert ; grade teachers : W. N. Lacy, W. A. Younts, Carrie Logan. Bertha 
Mode, ^lary Hornung, Kate Winscott, Bess A. Buckley and Louisa \'or- 

1905 — High school: J. W. Stott, Michael Bossert and Chloe Foster; 
grade teachers : W. N. Lacy, W. A. Younts, Carrie Logan, Bertha ^lode, 
Mary Hornung. Kate Winscott, Bess A. Buckley and Louisa \''orhees. 

1906 — High school: J, W. .Stott, M. Bossert and Chloe Foster; grade 
teachers : W. N. Lacy. W. A. Younts, A. N. Logan, Carrie Logan, ^lary 
Hornung, Clara Mode, Bertha Anderson. 

1907 — High school : J. W. Stott, Michael Bossert and Helen E. Sandi- 
son; grade teachers: W. N. Lacy. W. A. Younts. A. X. Logan. Carrie 
Logan, Bertha M. Anderson, Clara !Mode, Bess A. Buckley and Maud Jones. 

1908 — High school: J. W. Stott. Archie Crawford. Ralph W. Ander- 
son ; grade teachers : Willard N. Lacy. W. A. Younts. A. X. Logan. Carrie 
Logan, Bertha Anderson, Bess Buckley and Maud Jones ('music). 

1909 — High school; A. J. Reifel, Archie Crawford and Earl Glenn; 

' , I 


grade teachers: W. N. Lacy, J. August Brown, W. A. Younts, A. N. 
Logan, Carrie Logan. Edith Cleaver. Clara Mode and Bertha Anderson. 

iQio — High school: A. J. Reifel, C. \V. Hitchcock and W. X. Lacy; 
grade teachers: Alanson Phillips, Cordelia Keeler, \V. A. Younts, \V. A. 
Younts, A. N. Logan, Carrie Logan, Edith Cleaver, Clara Mode, Bertha 
Anderson and J. T. Reese. 

1911 — High school: A. J. Reifel. C. W. Hitchcock, and W. X. Lac>- ; 
grade teachers : Manson H. Phillips, Cordelia Keeler, W. A. Younts, A. X. 
Logan, Carrie Logan. Edith Cleaver, Clara IMode, Josephine Rosenmund and 
J. T. Reese. 

1912 — High school: A. J. Reifel, C. W. Hitchcock. W. X. Lacy and 
Clara K. Holmes; grade teacher's: Frank Baker. Cordelia Keeler, \V. A. 
Younts, A. X. Logan, Carrie Logan, Edith Cleaver. Kate Winscott and 
Josephine Rosenmund. 

ipi3_High school: A. J. Reifel, C. W. Hitchcock, W. X. Lacy and 
Clara K. Holmes; grade teachers: Maidie Schwacke, A. X'. Logan, Hazel 
Siebert, W. A. Younts. Carrie Logan, Edith Cleaver. Kate Winscott, Jose- 
phine Rosenmund. 

1914— High school: A. J. Reifel, C. W. Hitchcock. \V. X. Lacy, 
Clara K. Holmes; grade teachers: Bess Kidney. A. X. Logan, Maidie 
Schwacke, Hazel Siebert, W. A. Younts, Ernest Clark. Carrie Logan, Edith 
Cleaver, Josephine Rosenmund, Kate Winscott and Ellen Shirk. 


As has been stated, the Constitution of 185 1 made provision for a system 
of free public schools. It went into effect in November, 1852, and in the 
spring of the follovving year Franklin county made an attempt to introduce 
free schools. In May, 1853, the various townships of Franklin county voted 
upon the question of levying a tax for free schools and the building of 
school houses. In Fairfield township, polls were opened in the regular way 
and a startling result was disclosed. One vote was cast for a school tax 
and seventv-nine against it. In the same township the public-spirited citi- 
zens voted against the building of school houses by a majority nf seventy-four 
out of seventv-eight votes. This would seem to be pretty conclusive evidence 
that the people of Fairfield township did not want to be taxed for school 

In Brookville township a public meeting was held in the court house 
and a resolution was passed favoring both a school and a school-house tax. 

1 ■)[ 


The Brookiillc American (May 27, 1853), i" speaking? of the meeting at 
the court house, said: "Although this was rather a loose and uncertain 
way of doing business, yet so general is public opinion in favor of good 
schools and a willingness to pay for them, that we suppose the citizens will 
heartily co-operate with the trustees to carry out the plans." 

In Blooming Grove township the ballot used and the citizens cast 
a negative vote for both the school and the school-house tax. There seems 
to have been considerable dissatisfaction over the result on the part of those 
who favored the schools and steps were taken shortly afterwards to submit 
the question again. 

If other townships voted on the question at this time, no record has 
been found of it. The editor of the American, in the issue above noted, 
says, editorially, concerning the movement for free schools: "There is a 
reluctance in the public mind to vote a tax on themselves. It is too direct 
a matter. They will vote for representatives, year after vear, who will 
vote for extravagant expenditures, and saddle heavy taxes on them, but 
put the vote direct and few would vote for a tax to pay it."' However, the 
people of the county soon began to take a more favorable view of the public 
schools and it was only a few years until there were schools all over the 
county which had been provided for by taxation. 

The general supervision of the schools of the county from id,^T, to 
1873 was intrusted to a board of examiners appointed by the commissioners. 
This board of three examined all the teachers and had the power to issue 
licenses. This arrangement continued until 1S73, when the office of county 
superintendent was established. The first three examiners of Franklin 
county were Thomas A. Goodwin, R. R. Spencer and J. A. Applegate. The 
county superintendents from 1873 down to the present time are as follows: 
C R. Cory, 1873-75: A. B. Line, 1875-76; C. R. Cory, 1876-81; M. A. 
Mess, 1881-86; A X. Crecraft. 1886-1891; W. H. Senour, 1891-1902; A. 
J. Reifel, 1902-09; T. J. McCarty, 1909 to present time. 

Brookville is the only commissioned high school in the county, althouo-h 
there are seven other schools in the county doing high school work. Two 
years' work is done at New Trenton. Bath, Fairfield and Blooming Grove, 
while three-year courses are maintained at Mt. Carmel. :Metamora and 
Laurel. Agriculture and domestic science are taught in all the schools 
of the county. Bath, with two teachers, is the only consolidated school in the 
county. The only special teacher outside of the Brookville schools is the 
domestic science teacher at Laurel. 

There is now a total of one hundred and one teachers in the county, 

I :■;■'■. ■'■' ' 

.1" M 



thirty-four males and sixty-seven females. Xinety-one teachers are in the 
grades and ten in high school. There are seventy-three school buildings 
in the county, seventy in the townships and one each in the towns of Brook-